Zhi-Yi Zhang

Lanzhou University, Kao-lan-hsien, Gansu Sheng, China

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Publications (5)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies proved that P21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) is highly expressed in many kinds of tumor and plays an important role in genesis, development, and metastasis of tumor. We aimed to detect the expression of PAK1 in gastric carcinoma and to analyze its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric carcinoma. Tissue microarray and immunohistochemical staining were performed to detect PAK1 in paraffin specimens of 189 gastric carcinomas, 54 paracancer tissues, 40 lymph nodes and 30 healthy tissues. Clinicopathologic features and follow-up data of the patients were analyzed by the Chi2 test and the Kaplan-Meier method. Positive rate of PAK1 was 73.0% in gastric carcinoma, 57.4% in paracancer tissues and 23.3% in healthy controls (Chi2 = 29.364, P < 0.05). Expression of PAK1 was significantly correlated with tumor size, tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, Lauren classification and invasive depth (all P < 0.05). The positive rate of PAK1 was significantly higher in primary gastric carcinomas than in metastatic lymph nodes (75.0% vs. 52.5%, Chi2 = 4.381, P < 0.05). Survival analysis using the Kaplan-Meier method showed that the expression of PAK1 was a predictor for poor prognosis of the patients with gastric carcinoma (Chi2 = 6.857, P < 0.01). Expression of PAK1 is an early molecular event in the tumorigenesis of gastric carcinoma. It is also closely correlated the development of gastric carcinoma and the patients' prognosis.
    Chinese journal of cancer 07/2010; 29(7):649-54.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection among children aged 3 to 18 years old of Wuwei city, Gansu province. The study was based upon a personal questionnaire and a determination of Hp antigen using the Hp stool antigen test (HpSA) method. A total of 938 subjects and 96 families were selected in Wuwei city. Eighty children and teenagers with a definite positive Hp stool antigen test were examined by serum Western blotting method. The prevalence of Hp was 72.3% (678/938) with no age difference. Prevalence of Hp infection was correlated with type of dwelling, occupation of parents, drinking water source, kindergarten attendance, consumption of raw vegetables, a poor oral hygiene and breast feeding etc. According to the multivariate analysis, drinking water source, kindergarten attendance and consumption of raw vegetables were most strongly associated with prevalence of Hp in children and adolescents. The infection rate of parents whose children were infected with Hp was higher than that of those whose children were not infected [82.3% (121/147) vs 47.4% (18/38), chi(2) = 19.736, P < 0.05]. The antibody responses of 57 samples (71.3%) from 80 children were of type I Hp and 23 samples (28.7%) type II. Hp infective rate is high in Wuwei city. The data support maternal-child and sibling-sibling transmission as the primary transmission routes of Hp. The results of serological analysis confirm that the majority of Wuwei Hp infection is of type I.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 10/2009; 89(38):2682-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of Ets-1 in gastric carcinoma, para-cancerous tissue and metastatic lymph nodes, and to determine the relationship between Ets-1 expression and clinicopathological features, angiogenesis and survival of patients with gastric carcinoma. Gastric carcinoma tissue microarray was used to determine Ets-1 protein expression by SP immunohistochemical staining in 189 advanced gastric cancer, 54 papacancerous tissues, 41 metastatic lymph nodes and 32 control tissues. The positive rates for Ets-1 expression of the carcinoma, paracancerous and control tissues were 71.4%, 29.6% and 18.8%, respectively, with a significant difference among the three groups (P < 0.01). In the cancer tissues, the positive rate of Ets-1 protein expression was significantly associated with depth of invasion and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.01), but not associated with degree of differentiation, Lauren's histological type, sex, age, and size of tumor (P > 0.05). The positive rates for Ets-1 expression of the 41 gastric cancer and 41 metastatic lymph nodes were significantly different (P < 0.05). In metastatic lymph nodes, the positive rate for Ets-1 expression was higher. The MVD in Ets-1 positive tumors was higher than that in the Ets-1 negative tumors, with a significant difference (P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the survival time of Ets-1-negative patients was longer than that of Ets-1-positive patients (P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that Ets-1 expression was not an independent prognostic factor of gastric carcinoma. A higher expression of Ets-1 is involved in carcinogenesis, development, invasion, and metastasis of gastric cancer. Ets-1 plays an important role in angiogenesis in gastric cancer. Ets-1 is a useful marker for predicting the outcome for patients with gastric carcinoma, though it is not an independent prognostic indicator.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 09/2009; 31(9):674-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have revealed that TGF-beta/Smads signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in the oncogenesis and development of malignant tumors, and may closely relate to the biological behaviors of some malignant tumors, such as gastric carcinoma. This study was to investigate the expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptor II (TGF-betaRII), Smad4 and Smad7 proteins in gastric carcinoma, and explore their correlations to clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of gastric carcinoma. The expression of TGF-betaRII, Smad4, and Smad7 was detected by SABC immunohistochemistry and tissue microarray which containing 200 specimens of primary human gastric carcinoma and 56 specimens of adjacent gastric tissue. The positive rates of TGF-betaRII, Smad4, and Smad7 in gastric carcinomas were 25.5%, 67.0%, and 47.0%, respectively. TGF-betaRII expression was related with depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, tumor differentiation, and Lauren classification (Chi2=6.214, Chi2=11.308, Chi2=14.633, and Chi2=8.216, respectively, all P<0.05). Smad4 expression was related with tumor differentiation and Lauren classification (Chi2=16.162 and Chi2=13.100, all P<0.05). Smad7 expression was related with tumor differentiation and Lauren classification (Chi2=4.710 and Chi2=5.297, all P<0.05). Smad4 expression was positively correlated to TGF-betaRIIexpression (r =0.191, P=0.007). Smad4 expression was related with patients' survival (Chi2=4.090, P=0.043). Abnormal expression of TGF-Smad signaling pathway proteins occurs in gastric carcinoma. Smad4-positive gastric carcinoma patients have better prognosis than Smad4-negative patients.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 06/2009; 28(5):538-42.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) in gastric carcinoma and the clinical significance thereof. Strepavidin-peroxidase method was used to detect the expression of COX-2 and uPA in 192 specimens of gastric carcinoma, 56 specimens of paracancer tissues obtained during operation. Immunohistochemical double staining was used to detect the microvessel density (MVD) and microlymphatic density (MLD). Thirty specimens of normal gastric mucosa obtained during gastroscopy were used as controls. The positive rates of COX-2 in the gastric carcinoma and paracancer tissues were 67.7% and 62.5% respectively, both significantly higher than that of the control group (40.0%, both P < 0.05). The positive expression of COX-2 in gastric carcinoma was significantly related with the depth of invasion and MVD (both P < 0.05). The positive rates of uPA in the gastric carcinoma, paracancer tissue were 78.1% and 44.6% respectively, both significantly higher than that of the control tissues (6.7%, both P < 0.01) and there was a significant difference in the positive rates of uPA between the first 2 groups too (P < 0.01). The positive expression of uPA in gastric carcinoma was significantly related with lymph node metastasis, depth of invasion, Lauren typing, differentiation, MVD, and MLD (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). COX-2 expression was positively linked with uPA expression (r = 0.167, P = 0.021). The survival time of the uPA positive group was (38 +/- 4) months, significantly shorter than that of the negative group [(54 +/- 6) months, P < 0.05]. The survival time of the group positive in both COX-2 and uPA was (27 +/- 3) months, significantly shorter than that of the single positive or double negative groups [both (58 +/- 4) months, both P < 0.01). COX-2 and uPA are highly expressed in gastric carcinoma. COX-2 expression is positively linked with uPA expression. COX-2 and uPA in the gastric carcinoma participate in the development of gastric cancer in the early process. uPA is significantly related with the survival time.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2008; 88(46):3279-82.