Maria Nikolaou

Attikon University Hospital, Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (55)224.99 Total impact

  • 07/2014; 55(4):272-280.
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    ABSTRACT: Exercise training is an established modality in chronic heart failure. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is an effective alternative mode of training in patients unwilling or unable to exercise; however, it has not been investigated in elderly patients. We sought to investigate the effects of FES on functional status, quality of life, emotional status and endothelial function in chronic heart failure patients aged 70 years or higher.
    European Journal of Preventive Cardiology 06/2014; · 3.90 Impact Factor
  • Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 11/2013; 13(7):731-732. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: Hypothalamic axis deregulation is associated with clinical severity and depression in chronic heart failure (CHF). We investigated the relationship of serum prolactin, an indicator of hypothalamic axis function, to neurohomonal/immune activation and depressive symptoms in CHF as well as its prognostic value. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum prolactin was determined in 180 patients with advanced CHF (aged 65 ± 12 years, mean LVEF 27 ± 7%) along with natriuretic peptides (BNP), inflammatory cytokines, endothelial adhesion molecules, 6 min walk test (6MWT), and the Zung self-rating depression scale (SDS). Patients were followed for all-cause death or hospitalization for cardiovascular reasons for up to 8 months. Prolactin levels were significantly correlated with NYHA class (r = 0.394, P < 0.001), LVEF (r = -0.314, P < 0.001), 6MWT (r = -0.353, P < 0.001), BNP (r = 0.374, P < 0.001), Zung SDS (r = 0.544, P < 0.001), interleukin-6 (IL-6) (r = 0.451, P < 0.001), IL-10 (r = -0.426, P < 0.001), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α (r = 0.310, P = 0.001), soluble Fas (r = 0.333, P < 0.001), soluble Fas-ligand (r = 0.517, P < 0.001), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) (r = 0.409, P < 0.001), and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) (r = 0.480, P < 0.001). During follow-up, 119 patients (66%) died or were hospitalized for cardiovascular events after a median time of 72 days (range 5-220 days); these patients had higher baseline prolactin levels (10.2 ± 5.7 vs. 6.7 ± 4.3 ng/mL, P < 0.001), and a prolactin value ≥4.5 ng/mL was associated with a higher rate of death or hospitalization (116 ± 7 vs. 181 ± 11 days, P = 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, prolactin levels remained an independent predictor of death or hospitalization (<4.5 vs. ≥4.5 ng/mL; odds ratio, 0.368; 95% confidence interval 0.148-0.913; P = 0.031), along with BNP (P < 0.001) and 6MWT (P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Serum prolactin is associated with neurohormonal/immune activation and depressive symptoms and is an independent predictor of prognosis in advanced CHF.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 05/2013; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AimsThe aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of abnormal liver function tests (LFTs) and the associated clinical profile and outcome(s) in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. Alteration in LFTs is a recognized feature of ADHF, but prevalence and outcomes data from a broad contemporary cohort of ADHF are scarce and the mechanism(s) of ADHF-induced cholestasis is unknown.Methods and resultsWe conducted a post hoc analysis of SURVIVE, a large clinical trial including ADHF patients treated with levosimendan or dobutamine. All LFTs were available in 1134 patients at baseline. Abnormal LFTs were seen in 46% of ADHF patients: isolated abnormal alkaline phosphatase (AP) was noted in 11%, isolated abnormal transaminases in 26%, and a combination of abnormal AP and transaminases in 9%. Abnormal AP was associated with marked signs of systemic congestion and elevated right-sided filling pressure. Abnormal AP had no relationship with 31-day mortality but was associated with worse 180-day mortality (23.5 vs. 34.9%, P = 0.001 vs. patients with normal AP). Abnormal transaminases were associated with clinical signs of hypoperfusion and with greater 31-day and 180-day mortality compared with normal transaminase profiles (17.6 vs. 8.4% and 31.6 vs. 22.4%, respectively; both P < 0.001). There was no additive value of abnormal AP plus abnormal transaminase on a long-term outcome.Conclusion Abnormal LFTs were present in about a half of patients presenting with ADHF treated with inotropes. Abnormal AP and abnormal transaminases were associated with specific clinical, biological, and prognostic features, including a short-term overmortality with increased transaminases but not with biological signs of cholestasis, in ADHF patients.
    European Heart Journal 10/2012; · 14.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIM AND METHODS: Gender-related differences in clinical phenotype, in-hospital management and prognosis of acute heart failure (AHF) patients have been previously reported in European and US registries. The ALARM-HF survey is the first to include a cohort of 4953 patients hospitalized for AHF in 666 hospitals in 6 European countries, Mexico and Australia. RESULTS: Women accounted for 37% of the study population, were older and had higher rates of de novo heart failure (45% vs 36%, p<0.001) than men. An acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was the predominant precipitating factor in both genders, but to a lesser extent in females (30% vs 42%, p<0.001). Between genders comparison showed higher incidence of atrial fibrillation, valvular heart disease, diabetes, obesity, anemia and depression in women (p<0.05). Similarly, women had higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on admission (42±15% vs 36±13%, p<0.001) and systolic blood pressure (135±40mmHg vs 131±39mmHg, p=0.001) than men. On the other hand, men had more often coronary artery disease, renal failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p<0.05). Importantly, in-hospital mortality was similar in both genders (11.1% in females vs 10.5% in males, p=0.475), and its common predictors were: systolic blood pressure at admission, creatinine>1.5mg/dL and diabetes. Furthermore, recent ACS, valvular heart disease and dementia contributed to prognosis in women, while LVEF, hypertension and anemia were independent predictors in men. CONCLUSION: Among patients with AHF, there are significant differences in co-morbidities, precipitating factors and predictors of in-hospital mortality between genders. Nevertheless, in-hospital mortality remains similar between genders.
    International journal of cardiology 10/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known regarding temporal trends in mortality attributed to heart failure (HF) from a population perspective. The aim of this study was to assess the mortality related to HF as an underlying cause during the last 20 years in seven European countries. The number of deaths with HF as the underlying cause was collected in seven European states: Germany, Greece, England and Wales, Spain, France, Finland, and Sweden from 1987 to 2008. Disease coding for HF was based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD 9th and 10th versions). We computed age-standardized death rates (SDRs) per 100 000 inhabitants. Mean age at death from HF was also calculated for the same period. In the seven studied countries, the HF SDR decreased continuously from 54.2 (1987) to 32.6 (2008). Despite differences in the early 1990s, SDRs related to HF seemed to converge, in these seven European countries, to ∼30 deaths per 100 000 population in the near future, for both men and women. During the study period, the mean age at death increased from 80.0 to 82.7 years. Half of the deaths from HF occurred in hospital, without change over time. There has been a 40% reduction of the SDR due to HF in seven European countries during two decades and a concomitant increase in the mean age at death from HF. We hypothesize that these results may be related to a better management of chronic and acute HF patients over the past 20 years.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 03/2012; 14(3):234-9. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ALARM-HF was an in-hospital observational survey that included 4953 patients admitted for acute heart failure (AHF) in six European countries, Mexico and Australia. This article is a secondary analysis of the survey which evaluates differences in clinical phenotype, treatment regimens and in-hospital outcomes in AHF patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) compared to non-diabetics. The data were collected retrospectively by the investigators, and the diagnosis of AHF (reported at discharge) was based on the definition and classification of ESC guidelines, while the diagnosis of DM was based on medical record (past medical and medication history). This sub-analysis demonstrates substantial differences regarding both baseline features and in-hospital outcome among diabetic and non-diabetic AHF patients. Diabetic patients (n=2229, 45%) presented more frequently with acute pulmonary edema (p<0.001) than non-diabetics, had more often acute coronary syndrome (p<0.001) as precipitating factors of AHF, and multiple comorbidities such as renal dysfunction (p<0.001), arterial hypertension (p<0.001), anemia (p<0.001) and peripheral vascular disease (p<0.001). All-cause in-hospital mortality of diabetics was higher compared to non-diabetics (11.7% vs 9.8%, p=0.01). The multivariate analysis revealed that older age (p=0.032), systolic blood pressure <100mm Hg (p<0.001), acute coronary syndrome and non compliance as precipitating factors (p=0.05 and p=0.005, respectively), history of arterial hypertension (p=0.022), LVEF<50% (p<0.001), serum creatinine >1.5mg/dl (p=0.029), absence of life saving therapies such as ACE inhibitors/ARBs (p<0.001) and beta-blockers (p=0.014) at admission, as well as absence of interventional treatment by PCI (p<0.001), were independently associated with adverse in-hospital outcome. Diabetics with AHF have higher in-hospital mortality than non-diabetics despite their intensive treatment regimens (regarding care for HF and ACS), possibly due to underlying ischemic heart disease and the presence of multiple comorbidities.
    International journal of cardiology 12/2011; 157(1):108-13. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Loop diuretics are recommended to treat congestion in heart failure (HF), despite limited quality evidence. High-dose (HD) loop diuretics seem to worsen outcomes in chronic HF, though; data for acute HF are scarce, with equivocal results. The ALARM-HF study recorded in-hospital HF therapy in 4953 patients from nine countries. A post-hoc analysis was performed to determine if there was an interaction between intravenous (iv) bolus diuretic dosing and outcomes. Patients were classified as receiving high- or low-dose iv furosemide if their total initial 24 h dose was above (HD) or below [low dose (LD)] 1 mg/kg. Propensity scoring, matching an extensive list of variables, was performed. High-dose and LD patients were matched by propensity scores and outcomes determined. We identified 2460 LD and 848 HD patients, with overall in-hospital mortality of 9 and 13% (P= 0.002), respectively. After propensity matching, there were 506 patients in each subgroup, with the matched LD and HD cohorts having similar mortality (13 vs. 15%; P= 0.4). We further investigated in which subgroups of patients HD diuretics influenced mortality. Before matching, HD diuretics were associated with a greater risk of in-hospital death in some subgroups, including patients aged >80 years, those with an acute coronary syndrome, or with a left ventricular ejection fraction <40%. However, after propensity score matching, no association was found between diuretic dosing and death in any of the studied subgroups. In the initial management of acute HF, HD iv diuretics, per se, do not influence short-term mortality.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 11/2011; 13(11):1244-52. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial function is impaired in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Inhibition of interleukin (IL)-1 activity reduces experimental myocardial infarction by limiting apoptosis. We investigated whether a) soluble apoptotic markers are related with impaired left ventricular (LV) performance and b) treatment with anakinra, an IL-1 receptor antagonist, reduces apoptotic markers leading to improved LV performance in RA. We studied 46 RA patients. In an acute, double-blind cross-over trial, 23 patients were randomised to a single injection of anakinra or placebo and after 48 hours (h) to the alternative treatment. In a chronic trial, 23 patients who received anakinra for 30 days were compared with 23 patients who received prednisolone. At baseline, 3 h and 30 days after treatment, we measured circulating IL-1β, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, Fas, Fas-ligand and caspase-9 to assess apoptosis. At baseline and 30 days after treatment, we assessed LV longitudinal strain, strain rate and E/Em ratio using 2D-speckle tracking and tissue Doppler echocardiography. At baseline, increased apoptotic markers were related with reduced LongSRS and increased E/Em (p<0.05). After 3 h and 30 days of anakinra, there was a reduction in Fas (median 481 vs. 364 vs. 301 pg/ml), Fas-ligand (median 289 vs. 221 vs. 190 pg/ml), caspase-9 (median 1.90 vs. 1.40 vs. 1.07 ng/ml), TNF-α and IL-1β (p<0.05 for all comparisons). E/Em, LongS and LongSRS were improved after anakinra (p<0.01) and their percent changes were related with the corresponding changes of Fas and caspase-9 (p<0.05). No changes of the examined parameters were observed after prednisolone. In conclusion, inhibition of IL-1 activity by anakinra reduces apoptotic markers leading to improved LV performance in RA.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 09/2011; 106(5):959-67. · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depression is a common comorbid condition in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This pilot study investigated the plasma levels of oxidative stress markers in depressed CHF patients as well as the effects of antidepressant treatment with sertraline on these markers in the same patient population. Patients with positive depression screening [Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score >10 and/or Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale >40] underwent a psychiatric interview. Patients newly diagnosed as depressed received pharmacologic treatment with sertraline for 3 months (arm A) and were compared with those who did not comply with the antidepressant treatment (arm B). Markers of oxidative stress [malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyls (PC)], and nitrosative stress [nitrotyrosine (NT)] were assessed at baseline and 3 months later. Fifty-two out of 254 screened hospitalized CHF patients were diagnosed as depressed. Depressed patients had significantly higher levels of MDA compared with age- and gender-matched nondepressed patients (n = 40; 3.2 ± 2.0 vs 2.8 ± 3.8 μmol/L; P = .02). Twenty-eight patients received sertraline (arm A), and 24 refused to receive antidepressant treatment on the top of optimal heart failure treatment (arm B). Although baseline levels of MDA and PC in arm A and arm B did not differ significantly (P > .05), arm A patients demonstrated a significant reduction in MDA (F = 4.657; P = .037) and arm B patients demonstrated no change after 3 months. Regarding the examined scores, arm A patients had a decrease in BDI score (28 ± 11 vs 21 ± 13; P = .008), and arm B patients had no change in BDI score at follow-up (P > .05). Arm A had an increase in 6-minute walking distance (291 ± 110 vs 361 ± 87 m; P = .02), and arm B experienced no change (P > .05). Increased oxidative stress may play a critical role in the pathophysiology of depression in CHF. Treatment with sertraline improves depressive symptoms and reduces plasma markers of oxidative stress in depressed CHF patients.
    Journal of cardiac failure 09/2011; 17(9):748-54. · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumour markers are used for the screening, diagnosis, and stratification of cancer disease. Recently, the potential role of some tumour markers has also been explored in the context of heart failure. These include CA-125, CA 15-3, CA 19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen, alpha-feto protein, tissue polypeptide antigen, tissue polypeptide specific antigen, cytokeratin 19 fragment, and chromogranins. Of these markers, CA-125, a tumour antigen that is expressed on the surface of ovarian cancer cells and which is a well-established biomarker for monitoring ovarian cancer growth, has been investigated most extensively. Trials have consistently indicated that CA-125 could serve as both a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of heart failure, although the pathophysiology remains to be established. In this review paper we discuss the potential role of tumour markers in heart failure with a special focus on CA-125 within the context of recent trials.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 06/2011; 13(6):579-83. · 5.25 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2011; 57(14).
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    ABSTRACT: To date, treatment with intravenous (IV) agents such as vasodilators, diuretics, and inotropes has shown marginal or mixed benefits in acute heart failure (AHF) trials. The aim of this study was to identify the risks and benefits of IV drugs in patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure. The AHF global survey of standard treatment (ALARM-HF) reviewed in-hospital treatments in eight countries. The present study was a post hoc analysis of ALARM-HF data in which propensity scoring was used to identify groups of patients who differed by treatment but had the same multivariate distribution of covariates. Such propensity matching allowed estimations of the effect of specific treatments on the outcome of in-hospital mortality. Unadjusted analysis showed a lower in-hospital mortality rate in AHF patients receiving "diuretics + vasodilators" (n = 1,805) compared to those receiving "diuretics alone" (n = 2,362) (7.6 vs. 14.2%, p < 0.0001). Propensity-based matching (n = 1,007 matched pairs) confirmed the lower mortality of AHF patients receiving diuretics + vasodilators: 7.8 versus 11.0% (p = 0.016). Unadjusted analysis showed a much greater in-hospital mortality rate in patients receiving IV inotropes (25.9%) compared to those who did not (5.2%) (p < 0.0001). Propensity-based matching (n = 954 pairs) confirmed that IV catecholamine use was associated with 1.5-fold increase for dopamine or dobutamine use and a >2.5-fold increase for norepinephrine or epinephrine use. In terms of in-hospital survival, a vasodilator in combination with a diuretic fared better than treatment with only a diuretic. Catecholamine inotropes should be used cautiously as it has been seen that they actually increase the risk for in-hospital mortality.
    European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 11/2010; 37(2):290-301. · 5.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute pulmonary oedema (APE) is the second, after acutely decompensated chronic heart failure (ADHF), most frequent form of acute heart failure (AHF). This subanalysis examines the clinical profile, prognostic factors, and management of APE patients (n = 1820, 36.7%) included in the Acute Heart Failure Global Survey of Standard Treatment (ALARM-HF). ALARM-HF included a total of 4953 patients hospitalized for AHF in Europe, Latin America, and Australia. The final diagnosis was made at discharge, and patients were classified according to European Society of Cardiology guidelines. Patients with APE had higher in-hospital mortality (7.4 vs. 6.0%, P = 0.057) compared with ADHF patients (n = 1911, 38.5%), and APE patients exhibited higher systolic blood pressures (P < 0.001) at admission and higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, P < 0.01) than those with ADHF. These patients also had a higher prevalence of diabetes (P < 0.01), arterial hypertension (P < 0.001), peripheral vascular disease (P < 0.001), and chronic renal disease (P < 0.05). They were also more likely to receive intravenous (i.v.) diuretics (P < 0.001), i.v. nitrates (P < 0.01), dopamine (P < 0.05), and non-invasive ventilation (P < 0.001). Low systolic blood pressure (P < 0.001), low LVEF (<0.05), serum creatinine ≥1.4 mg/dL (P < 0.001), history of cardiomyopathy (P < 0.05), and previous cardiovascular event (P < 0.001) were independently associated with increased in-hospital mortality in the APE population. APE differs in clinical profile, in-hospital management, and mortality compared with ADHF. Admission characteristics (systolic blood pressure and LVEF), renal function, and history may identify high-risk APE patients.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 11/2010; 12(11):1193-202. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction adversely affects prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) due to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, little evidence exists regarding the prognostic role of RV systolic and diastolic function indexes in combination with plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in advanced CHF. Thus, 102 consecutive hospitalized patients with advanced CHF (New York Heart Association classes III to IV) due to LV systolic dysfunction (LV ejection fraction <35%) were studied by 2-dimensional conventional and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) echocardiography of the left and right ventricles. Plasma BNP was also measured. Patients were followed for 6 months for major cardiovascular events (cardiovascular death and/or CHF-related hospitalization). During follow-up, 13 patients died and 63 patients reached the combined end point of cardiovascular death or CHF-related hospitalization. By univariate analysis, RV TDI systolic velocity, dilated cardiomyopathy, digoxin treatment (all p values <0.01), and female gender (p <0.05) were associated with increased cardiovascular death. Transmitral Doppler to mitral annular TDI early diastolic velocity ratio, RV TDI early diastolic velocity (p <0.05), and ratio of early to late RV diastolic TDI velocities (p <0.01) predicted the combined end point. In multivariate analysis, decreased RV systolic velocity, dilated cardiomyopathy, and female gender (all p values <0.05) were independent predictors of cardiovascular death, whereas increased ratio of early to late RV diastolic TDI velocities (p <0.01) and increased BNP (p <0.05) predicted the combined end point. In conclusion, RV TDI indexes combined with increased plasma BNP additively predict adverse cardiac outcomes in advanced CHF.
    The American journal of cardiology 01/2010; 105(2):249-54. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2010; 55(10).
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the prognostic value of a wide spectrum of neurohormonal and inflammatory markers along with functional status and exercise capacity, in hospitalized chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with depressive symptoms. A total of 300 consecutive hospitalized CHF patients were screened for depressive symptomatology using the Zung self-rated depression scale (SDS). Patients with depressive symptoms (Zung SDS > or = 40) underwent a 6 min walking test, and evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and plasma inflammatory/anti-inflammatory factors [interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1]. Patients were subsequently followed for up to 1 year for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, death or hospitalization due to cardiovascular causes). One hundred and fourteen patients (38%) had a Zung SDS > or = 40. One-year event-free survival of these patients was 19% (mean +/- SE, 150 +/- 12 days). In multivariate analysis, only BNP (HR = 1.001, P = 0.002) and IL-10 (HR = 0.864, P = 0.049) were independent predictors of MACE. Using receiver operator characteristics analysis-derived cut-offs, a BNP value of 290 pg/mL predicted MACE with 86% sensitivity and 69% specificity, whereas an IL-10 value of 5 pg/mL predicted MACE with 61% sensitivity and 78% specificity. Event-free survival differed significantly between patients with BNP < 290 pg/mL and IL-10 > 5 pg/mL (261 +/- 44 days) and those with BNP > 290 pg/mL and IL-10 < 5 pg/mL (79 +/- 11 days, P = 0.0001). Neurohormonal activation and defective anti-inflammatory properties are independent predictors of long-term outcome in hospitalized CHF patients with depressive symptoms.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 10/2009; 11(10):967-72. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mechanisms of the N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) release in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with preserved ejection fraction (EF) are unclear. We investigated whether left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, as assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), is related to NT-pro-BNP levels in ICU patients with preserved EF and has a complementary value to NT-pro-BNP in the determination of in-hospital mortality. We examined 58 mechanically ventilated patients with no history of heart failure (age, 60 +/- 18 years; EF, 63% +/- 7%). The systolic (S) and early diastolic (E') velocity of the mitral annulus by TDI and the E/E' as well as NT-pro-BNP, troponin, lactate acid, blood oxygen (P(O2)/Fi(O2)), sepsis, and ICU mortality were assessed. Systolic, E', and E/E' correlated with age, P(O2)/Fi(O2), lactate acid, NT-pro-BNP, troponin, history of arterial hypertension, and diabetes (P < 0.05). By multivariate analysis, the determinants of NT-pro-BNP were S (P = 0.024), E/E' (P = 0.017), and sepsis (P = 0.015). An NT-pro-BNP greater than 941 pg/mL was a reliable predictor of LV diastolic dysfunction defined as a composite of E' less than or equal to 8 cm/s and/or mean E/E greater than or equal to 13 (area under the curve, 75%; P = 0.03). Patients with combined NT-pro-BNP greater than 941 pg/mL and abnormal TDI markers had increased creatinine levels and a lower MAP, P(O2)/Fi(O2), and survival rate than those with abnormal TDI or NT-pro-BNP alone or patients with normal TDI markers and NT-pro-BNP (25%, 60%, 70%, and 84%, respectively; P < 0.05). The addition of abnormal TDI in a model including NT-pro-BNP and sepsis increased the model's value for in-hospital mortality (P for change = 0.01). In ICU patients with preserved EF, LV diastolic dysfunction and sepsis determine NT-pro-BNP levels. Tissue Doppler imaging markers and NT-pro-BNP have a complementary value for in-hospital mortality.
    Shock (Augusta, Ga.) 05/2009; 33(2):141-8. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of interleukin-1 activity improves nitro-oxidative stress, endothelial and coronary function. The authors investigated (a) the association of nitro-oxidative stress and endothelial function with myocardial deformation, (b) the effects of anakinra, an interleukin-1a receptor antagonist on myocardial deformation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The authors compared 46 RA patients to 23 normal controls. 23 patients received anakinra (150 mg subcutaneously once daily) and 23 patients a 5-mg increase of prednisolone dose for 30 days. At baseline and post-treatment this study assessed (a) the left ventricular (LV) longitudinal, circumferential and radial strain and strain rate, using speckle tracking echocardiography, (b) the coronary flow reserve (CFR), (c) the flow-mediated endothelial-dependent dilation of the brachial artery (FMD) and (d) nitrotyrosine (NT) and malondialdehyde blood levels. Patients had impaired baseline myocardial deformation indices compared to controls (p<0.05). CFR and NT levels were related to longitudinal strain, systolic and diastolic strain rate, circumferential strain and systolic strain rate (p<0.05). FMD was related to longitudinal and circumferential diastolic strain rate (p<0.01). Compared to baseline, anakinra-treated patients increased the longitudinal strain (-17.8% (3.7%) vs -22.1% (3.5%)), systolic (-1.02 (0.23) l/s vs -1.25 (0.23) l/s) and diastolic (0.96 (0.37) l/s vs 1.20 (0.39) l/s) longitudinal strain rate, circumferential strain and strain rate (p<0.05 for all comparisons). No significant changes were observed among prednisolone-treated patients Myocardial deformation is impaired in RA patients and is related to nitro-oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Chronic inhibition of IL-1 improves LV deformation in parallel with endothelial function and nitro-oxidative stress.
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 05/2009; 95(18):1502-7. · 5.01 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

580 Citations
224.99 Total Impact Points


  • 2004–2014
    • Attikon University Hospital
      • • Department of Cardiology
      • • Department of Internal Medicine IV
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2013
    • Cumhuriyet University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Megalopolis, Sivas, Turkey
  • 2012
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2010
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2008
      • Department of Cardiology
      Athens, Attiki, Greece
    • Κωνσταντοπούλειο νοσοκομείο Νέας Ιωνίας (Η Αγία Όλγα)
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Athens State University
      Athens, Alabama, United States
  • 2006
    • Metaxa Cancer Hospital
      Le Pirée, Attica, Greece