Shigeaki Hida

Osaka City University, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (21)207.95 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To assess apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and analyze its clinical and pathological significance. STUDY DESIGN: ASC expression was studied using immunohistochemistry in 119 OSCCs patients. The relationships between ASC expression and clinical and pathological parameters were statistically analyzed. In addition, the relationships between ASC expression and cell differentiation [IVL (involcrin) expression] and apoptosis (TUNEL [TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling] positive cell number) were investigated. RESULTS: ASC expression showed significant correlations with parameters including clinical tumor stage, mode of invasion, and histological differentiation, and had a significant impact on survival of OSCC. The distribution of ASC correlated well with that of IVL. ASC expression was significantly correlated with the TUNEL-positive cell number. CONCLUSIONS: Lower ASC expression correlates with clinical and pathological malignancy and, consequently, poor prognosis of OSCC. ASC has a close association with cell differentiation and apoptosis.
    06/2013; 115(6):799-809. DOI:10.1016/j.oooo.2013.03.013
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    ABSTRACT: Recent investigations have suggested that the inflammasome plays a role in the development of vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis; however, its precise role remains controversial. We produced double-deficient mice for apolipoprotien E (Apoe) and caspase-1 (Casp1), a key component molecule of the inflammasome, and investigated the effect of caspase-1 deficiency on vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic plaque areas in whole aortas and aortic root of Western diet (WD)-fed Apoe(-/-)Casp1(-/-) mice were significantly reduced compared to those in Apoe(-/-) mice. The amount of macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells in the plaques was also reduced in Apoe(-/-)Casp1(-/-) mice. No significant differences in plasma lipid profiles and body weight change were observed between these mice. Expression of interleukin (IL)-1β in the plaques as well as plasma levels of IL-1β, IL-1α, IL-6, CCL2, and TNF-α, in Apoe(-/-)Casp1(-/-) mice were lower than those in Apoe(-/-) mice. In vitro experiments showed that calcium phosphate crystals induced caspase-1 activation and secretion of IL-1β and IL-1α in macrophages. Our findings suggest that caspase-1 plays a critical role in vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis, and that modulation of caspase-1 could be a potential target for prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2012; 425(2):162-8. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.07.058 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NK cell receptors (NKRs) such as NK1.1, NKG2D, and Ly49s are expressed on subsets of CD1d-independent memory phenotype CD8(+) and CD4(-)CD8(-) T cells. However, the mechanism for the generation and functions of these NKR(+) T cells remained elusive. In this study, we found that CD1d-independent Ly49(+) T cells were reduced severely in the spleen, bone marrow, and liver, but not thymus, in mice doubly deficient for IFN regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2) and CD1d, in which the overall memory phenotype T cell population was contrastingly enlarged. Because a large fraction of Ly49(+) T cells coexpressed NK1.1 or NKG2D, the reduction of Ly49(+) T cells resulted indirectly in underrepresentation of NK1.1(+) or NKG2D(+) cells. Ly49(+) T cell deficiency was observed in IRF-2(-/-) mice additionally lacking IFN-α/βR α-chain (IFNAR1) as severely as in IRF-2(-/-) mice, arguing against the involvement of the accelerated IFN-α/β signals due to IRF-2 deficiency. Rather, mice lacking IFN-α/βR alone also exhibited relatively milder Ly49(+) T cell reduction, and IL-2 could expand Ly49(+) T cells from IFNAR1(-/-), but not from IRF-2(-/-), spleen cells in vitro. These results together indicated that IRF-2 acted in Ly49(+) T cell development in a manner distinct from that of IFN-α/β signals. The influence of IRF-2 deficiency on Ly49(+) memory phenotype T cells observed in this study suggested a unique transcriptional program for this T cell population among other NKR(+) T and memory phenotype T cells.
    The Journal of Immunology 04/2012; 188(10):4838-45. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1200210 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In mice lacking IL-15, NK cell development is arrested at immature stages, providing an opportunity to investigate the earliest developing NK cells that would respond to IL-15. We show in this study that immature NK cells were present in the spleen as well as bone marrow (BM) and contained IL-15-high-responder cells. Thus, mature NK cells were generated more efficiently from IL-15(-/-) than from control donor cells in radiation BM chimeras, and the rate of IL-15-induced cell division in vitro was higher in NK cells in the spleen and BM from IL-15(-/-) mice than in those from wild-type mice. Phenotypically, NK cells developed in IL-15(-/-) mice up to the minor but discrete CD11b(-)CD27(+)DX5(hi)CD51(dull)CD127(dull)CD122(hi) stage, which contained the majority of Ly49G2(+) and D(+) NK cells both in the spleen and BM. Even among wild-type splenic NK cells, IL-15-induced proliferation was most prominent in CD11b(-)DX5(hi) cells. Notably, IL-15-mediated preferential expansion (but not conversion from Ly49(-) cells) of Ly49(+) NK cells was observed in vitro only for NK cells in the spleen. These observations indicated the uneven distribution of NK cells of different developing stages with variable IL-15 responsiveness in these lymphoid organs. Immature NK cells in the spleen may contribute, as auxiliaries to those in BM, to the mature NK cell compartment through IL-15-driven extramarrow expansion under steady-state or inflammatory conditions.
    The Journal of Immunology 10/2011; 187(10):5162-9. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1101561 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence suggests that CD4(+) T cells contribute to neovascularization in ischaemic tissue. However, the T cell subset responsible for neovascularization after ischaemia remains to be determined. Here, we investigated the role of Th17 cells secreting interleukin (IL)-17, a newly identified subset of CD4(+) T cells, in the neovascularization after murine hindlimb ischaemia. Unilateral hindlimb ischaemia was produced in wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. Depletion of CD4(+) T cells resulted in significantly reduced blood flow perfusion in the ischaemic limbs. The expression of IL-17 and retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) was up-regulated in the ischaemic limbs. IL-17-deficient mice showed a significant reduction in blood flow perfusion, inflammatory cell infiltration, and production of angiogenic cytokines in the ischaemic limbs compared with WT mice. In bone marrow transplantation experiments, the absence of IL-17 specifically in bone marrow cells diminished the neovascularization after ischaemia. Furthermore, IL-17-deficient CD4(+) T cells transferred into the ischaemic limbs of T cell-deficient athymic nude mice evoked a significantly limited neovascularization compared with WT CD4(+) T cells. These findings identify Th17 cells as a new angiogenic T cell subset and provide new insight into the mechanism by which T cells promote neovascularization after ischaemia.
    Cardiovascular Research 01/2011; 90(2):364-72. DOI:10.1093/cvr/cvq397 · 5.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Fc receptor common gamma-chain (FcRgamma) is a widely expressed adaptor bearing an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) that transduces activation signals from various immunoreceptors. We show here that basophils lacking FcRgamma developed normally and proliferated efficiently in response to interleukin 3 (IL-3) but were very impaired in IL-3-induced production of IL-4 and in supporting T helper type 2 differentiation. Through its transmembrane portion, FcRgamma associated constitutively with the common beta-chain of the IL-3 receptor and signaled by recruiting the kinase Syk. Retrovirus-mediated complementation demonstrated the essential function of the ITAM of FcRgamma in IL-3 signal transduction. Our results identify a previously unknown mechanism whereby FcRgamma functions to 'route' selective cytokine-triggered signals into the ITAM-mediated IL-4 production pathway.
    Nature Immunology 02/2009; 10(2):214-22. DOI:10.1038/ni.1686 · 24.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Natural killer (NK) cells are the cells critical for inhibition of repopulation of allogenic bone marrow cells. However, it is not well known if NK cells affect autologous lymphopoiesis. Here, we observed that NK cells could inhibit pre-B cell proliferation in vitro driven by interleukin (IL)-7 in a manner dependent on IL-15. Interestingly, the great majority of expanding NK cells were Mac-1(+)B220(+), a recently identified potent interferon (IFN)-gamma producer. Indeed, IFN-gamma was produced in those cultures, and pre-B cells lacking IFN-gamma receptors, but not those lacking type I IFN receptors, were resistant to such an inhibition. Furthermore, even NK cells from mice lacking beta2-microglobulin, which were known to be functionally dampened, inhibited pre-B cell proliferation as well. Thus, activated NK cells, which were expanded selectively by IL-15, could potentially regulate B lymphopoiesis through IFN-gamma beyond the selection imposed upon self-recognition.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 06/2008; 369(4):1139-43. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.03.004 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease, onset and severity of which are controlled by multiple genetic factors; aberrant expression of and responses to several cytokines including IFN-alpha/IFN-beta and IFN-gamma are associated with this "type 1" disease. However, it remains unclear whether genetic regulation influences these cytokine-related abnormalities. Mice deficient for IFN regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2) on the C57BL/6 background (IRF-2(-/-)BN mice) exhibited accelerated IFN-alpha/IFN-beta responses leading to a psoriasis-like skin inflammation. In this study, we found that this skin phenotype disappeared in IRF-2(-/-) mice with the BALB/c or BALB/c x C57BL/6 F(1) backgrounds. Genome-wide scan revealed two major quantitative trait loci controlled the skin disease severity. Interestingly, these loci were different from that for the defect in CD4(+) dendritic cells, another IFN-alpha/IFN-beta-dependent phenotype of the mice. Notably, IFN-gamma expression as well as spontaneous IFN-alpha/IFN-beta responses were up-regulated several fold spontaneously in the skin in IRF-2(-/-)BN mice but not in IRF-2(-/-) mice with "resistant" backgrounds. The absence of such IFN-gamma up-regulation in IRF-2(-/-)BN mice lacking the IFN-alpha/IFN-beta receptor or beta(2)-microglobulin indicated that accelerated IFN-alpha/IFN-beta signals augmented IFN-gamma expression by CD8(+) T cells in the skin. IFN-gamma indeed played pathogenic roles as skin inflammation was delayed and was much more infrequent when IRF-2(-/-)BN mice lacked the IFN-gamma receptor. Our current study thus revealed a novel genetic mechanism that kept the skin immune system under control and prevented skin inflammation through regulating the magnitude of IFN-alpha/IFN-beta responses and downstream IFN-gamma production, independently of CD4(+) dendritic cells.
    The Journal of Immunology 10/2007; 179(5):3249-57. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.179.5.3249 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although basophils are known to produce interleukin 4 (IL-4), the roles of these cells have been documented only in mice infected with parasites or in the effector phase of allergic inflammations. Here we show that naive mice lacking the transcription factor, interferon regulatory factor 2 (IRF-2), exhibited signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (Stat6)-independent expansion of basophils in the periphery. IRF-2 appeared to act autonomously in the cells to negatively regulate the expansion of, but not cytokine production by, basophils. Spontaneous Th2 polarization of CD4+ T cells was observed in these mice and the genetic reduction of basophil numbers by mutating the Kit gene abolished such a polarization in vivo. We also found that both basophils and IL-4 derived from them were indeed essential for Th2 development under neutral conditions in vitro. Furthermore, neutralization of IL-3 abolished IL-4 production by basophils during Th1/Th2 differentiation cultures and subsequent Th2 development. These results indicated that basophils acted as a cellular converter to turn the neutral IL-3 into the Th2-inducing IL-4 during the initiation of Th1/Th2 differentiation. Thus, the negative regulatory role of IRF-2 on the basophil population size is critically important for preventing excess Th2 polarization and the Th1/Th2 balance in naive animals.
    Blood 10/2005; 106(6):2011-7. DOI:10.1182/blood-2005-04-1344 · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NK cell development is far less understood compared with that of T and B cells despite the critical importance of NK cells in innate immunity. Mice lacking the transcription factor IFN regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2) are known to exhibit NK cell deficiency. However, the role of IRF-2 in NK cell development has remained unclear. In this study we found that NK cell deficiency in the periphery in IRF-2-deficient mice was due to selective loss of mature NK cells, but not to maturation arrest, and NK cells in these mice exhibited very immature surface phenotypes (CD11b(low)Dx5(low)) with highly compromised NK receptor expression. In contrast, IRF-2-deficient NK cells in bone marrow (BM) showed relatively mature phenotypes (CD11b(low)Dx5(high)) with less compromised NK receptor repertoire. Furthermore, BM NK cells in IRF-2-deficient mice were found to proliferate almost normally, but underwent accelerated apoptosis. These observations indicated that NK cell maturation could advance up to a late, but not the final, stage in the BM, whereas these cells were incapable of contributing to the peripheral NK cell pool due to premature death in the absence of IRF-2. In contrast, NK cell numbers and Ly49 expression were much more severely reduced in BM in IL-15-deficient mice than in IRF-2(-/-) mice. The differential peripheral and central NK cell deficiencies in IRF-2(-/-) mice thus revealed a novel late checkpoint for NK cell maturation, distinct from the early IL-15-dependent expansion stage.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2005; 174(10):6005-12. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.174.10.6005 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) play important roles in the initiation and regulation of immune responses. Although several subsets of DCs were identified according to their expression of surface molecules such as CD4, CD8, and CD11b, the regulatory mechanism for the development and homeostasis of these DC subsets remains unclear. Here we show that mice lacking IFN regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2(-/-) mice) exhibited a marked and selective defect in splenic CD4(+)CD11b(+)DCs, instead of CD8 alpha(+)CD11b(-)DCs that were reported to be missing in mice lacking the related transcription factor IRF-8. Furthermore, the numbers of epidermal Langerhans cells in IRF-2(-/-) mice were reduced at least in part because of the lack of the CD4(+)CD11b(+) subset. Studies with radiation bone marrow chimeras as well as in vitro retrovirus-mediated gene transduction showed that IRF-2 was required cell-autonomously for the development of myeloid-related DCs. Notably, these abnormalities in DCs diminished in mice lacking both IRF-2 and the IFN-alpha/beta receptor, indicating that IRF-2 acted through negatively regulating IFN-alpha/beta signals. In contrast, natural killer cells still showed developmental arrest in these double mutant mice, indicating that the mode of action of IRF-2 for CD4(+)DC development is distinct from that for natural killer cell development. Our current findings thus pointed to a previously unknown unique cell-type-selective multimode function of IRF-2 in the regulation of lymphohematopoiesis.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2004; 101(11):3909-14. DOI:10.1073/pnas.0400610101 · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • Shigeaki Hida, Shinsuke Taki
    Tanpakushitsu kakusan koso. Protein, nucleic acid, enzyme 01/2003; 47(16 Suppl):2343-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Activation of both CD4+ T and CD8+ T cells is triggered by the engagement of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) with MHC/peptide complexes on antigen-presenting cells. This process also requires other molecular interactions, which transmit co-stimulatory signals to these T cells. To ensure an effective immune response, distinct T cell subsets may additionally employ unique mechanism(s) for efficient activation. We here show that mutant CD8+ T cells lacking the IFN-alpha/beta signalling components are hyporesponsive to antigen stimulation in vitro. We further show that IFN-alpha/beta-mediated signals are required for induction of the chemokines IP-10/I-TAC and their common receptor, CXCR3, and in turn provide evidence that CXCR3-mediated signals indeed function in the activation and proliferation of CD8+ T cells, particularly for the CD44low naive phenotype cells. The CXCR3 chemokine system is regulated by IFN-alpha/beta in CD8+ T cells, and it is critical for the efficient cell activation. The present study therefore reveals a novel role of the IFN-alpha/beta-CXCR3 signalling cascade in CD8+ T cell activation.
    Genes to Cells 04/2002; 7(3):309-20. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2443.2002.00515.x · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in early defense against viral infection. The cytotoxic activity of NK cells is increased by interferon-alpha/beta (IFN-alpha/beta), produced en masse in virally infected cells. However, the mechanism(s) by which IFN-alpha/beta contribute to the NK-cell-mediated antiviral response is not well understood. Here we provide evidence that the cytotoxicity of NK cells is enhanced by IFN-alpha/beta through induction of TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Isolation and analysis of the murine TRAIL promoter revealed the presence of an IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE), which binds to the transcription factor ISGF3 (interferon stimulated gene factor-3). This promoter is indeed activated by IFN-beta in ISGF3-dependent manner. We also show that virally infected cells, but not uninfected cells, are susceptible to TRAIL-mediated cytotoxicity in vitro, and that the TRAIL expressed in NK cells is indeed crucial in limiting virus replication in vivo. Thus, our study reveals a new molecular link between IFN-alpha/beta signaling and activation of NK cells in antiviral response of the host.
    European Journal of Immunology 11/2001; 31(11):3138-46. DOI:10.1002/1521-4141(200111)31:11<3138::AID-IMMU3138>3.0.CO;2-B · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The balanced action of cytokines is known to be critical for the maintenance of homeostatic immune responses. Here, we report the development of an inflammatory skin disease involving CD8(+) T cells, in mice lacking the transcription factor, interferon regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2). CD8(+) T cells exhibit in vitro hyper-responsiveness to antigen stimulation, accompanied with a notable upregulation of the expression of genes induced by interferon-alpha/beta (IFN-alpha/beta). Furthermore, both disease development and CD8(+) T cell abnormality are suppressed by the introduction of nullizygosity to the genes that positively regulate the IFN-alpha/beta signaling pathway. IRF-2 may represent a unique negative regulator, attenuating IFN-alpha/beta-induced gene transcription, which is necessary for balancing the beneficial and harmful effects of IFN-alpha/beta signaling in the immune system.
    Immunity 12/2000; 13(5):643-55. DOI:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)00064-9 · 19.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone resorption is regulated by the immune system(1,2), where T-cell expression of RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand), a member of the tumour-necrosis factor family that is essential for osteoclastogenesis, may contribute to pathological conditions, such as autoimmune arthritis(3,4). However, whether activated T cells maintain bone homeostasis by counterbalancing the action of RANKL remains unknown. Here we show that T-cell production of interferon (IFN)-gamma strongly suppresses osteoclastogenesis by interfering with the RANKL-RANK signalling pathway. IFN-gamma induces rapid degradation of the RANK adapter protein, TRAF6 (tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6), which results in strong inhibition of the RANKL-induced activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB and JNK. This inhibition of osteoclastogenesis is rescued by overexpressing TRAF6 in precursor cells, which indicates that TRAF6 is the target critical for the IFN-gamma action. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the accelerated degradation of TRAF6 requires both its ubiquitination, which is initiated by RANKL, and IFN-gamma -induced activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Our study shows that there is cross-talk between the tumour necrosis factor and IFN families of cytokines, through which IFN-gamma provides a negative link between T-cell activation and bone resorption. Our results may offer a therapeutic approach to treat the inflammation-induced tissue breakdown.
    Nature 11/2000; 408(6812):600-605. DOI:10.1038/35046102 · 42.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Natural killer (NK) cells are critical for both innate and adaptive immunity. The development of NK cells requires interactions between their progenitors and the bone-marrow microenvironment; however, little is known about the molecular nature of such interactions. Mice that do not express the transcription factor interferon-regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1; such mice are IRF-1(-/-) mice) have been shown to exhibit a severe NK-cell deficiency. Here we demonstrate that the lack of IRF-1 affects the radiation-resistant cells that constitute the microenvironment required for NK-cell development, but not the NK-cell progenitors themselves. We also show that IRF-1(-/-) bone-marrow cells can generate functional NK cells when cultured with the cytokine interleukin-15 and that the interleukin-15 gene is transcriptionally regulated by IRF-1. These results reveal, for the first time, a molecular mechanism by which the bone-marrow microenvironment supports NK-cell development.
    Nature 03/1998; 391(6668):700-3. DOI:10.1038/35636 · 42.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eradication of a given pathogen is dependent on the selective differentiation of T helper (Th) cells into Th1 or Th2 types. We show here that T cells from mice lacking the transcription factor IRF-1 fail to mount Th1 responses and instead exclusively undergo Th2 differentiation in vitro. Compromised Th1 differentiation is found to be associated with defects in multiple cell types, namely impaired production of interleukin-12 by macrophages, hyporesponsiveness of CD4+ T cells to interleukin-12, and defective development of natural killer cells. These results indicate the involvement of IRF-1 in multiple stages of the Th1 limb of the immune response.
    Immunity 07/1997; 6(6):673-9. DOI:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80443-4 · 19.75 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
207.95 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Osaka City University
      • Graduate School of Medicine
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2005–2012
    • Shinshu University
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Division of Infectious Diseases
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      Shonai, Nagano, Japan
  • 2001–2002
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Faculty & Graduate School of Medicine
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan