Pascual Parrilla-Paricio

Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Murcia, Spain

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Publications (17)26.79 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to determine the possible association between five different profiles of immunohistochemical expression related to clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical known prognostic value variables for breast cancer. A total of 194 breast carcinoma tumour samples were studied. In this study five groups or immunohistochemical profiles were defined, based on expression of hormone receptors (oestrogen or progesterone) and/or Her2/neu (luminal-type A, luminal-type B, mixed profile, Her2/neu profile and triple-negative-type profile) and we studied whether there are differences between them with regard to clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical variables that have a known prognostic significance. In the series we found 134 (69%) cases corresponding to a luminal immunophenotype, of which 98 (50.5%) were from the luminal A group and 36 (18.6%) from luminal B. Twenty-nine cases (15.9%) were triple-negative, 18 (9.3%) mixed and 13 (6.7%) Her2/neu type. It is worth noting the relationship between the triple-negative and Her2/neu immunophenotypes and the more poorly differentiated histological forms (62% and 60%, respectively) and between the luminal A group and well-differentiated tumours (p = 0.008). Expression of ki67 was high in the triple-negative group (73.9%) and low in the luminal A group (26.3%; p = 0.001). The expression of p53 was also greater for the Her2/neu (55.5%) and triple-negative (60.8%) groups (p = 0.0005) than for the others. The subgroups without hormone receptor expression, with Her2/neu overexpression or without (triple-negative group), have characteristics associated with variables of a poorer prognosis. The lack of progesterone receptor expression also seems to be associated with these.
    Cirugía Española 10/2008; 84(3):138-45. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of this paper is to determine the possible association between five different profiles of immunohistochemical expression related to clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical known prognostic value variables for breast cancer. Material and method A total of 194 breast carcinoma tumour samples were studied. In this study five groups or immunohistochemical profiles were defined, based on expression of hormone receptors (oestrogen or progesterone) and/or Her2/neu (luminal-type A, luminal-type B, mixed profile, Her2/neu profile and triple-negative-type profile) and we studied whether there are differences between them with regard to clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical variables that have a known prognostic significance. Results In the series we found 134 (69%) cases corresponding to a luminal immunophenotype, of which 98 (50.5%) were from the luminal A group and 36 (18.6%) from luminal B. Twentynine cases (15.9%) were triple-negative, 18 (9.3%) mixed and 13 (6.7%) Her2/neu type. It is worth noting the relationship between the triple-negative and Her2/neu immunophe-notypes and the more poorly differentiated histological forms (62% and 60%, respectively) and between the luminal A group and well-differentiated tumours (p = 0.008). Expression of ki67 was high in the triple-negative group (73.9%) and low in the luminal A group (26.3%; p = 0.001). The expression of p53 was also greater for the Her2/neu (55.5%) and triple-negative (60.8%) groups (p = 0.0005) than for the others. Conclusions The subgroups without hormone receptor expression, with Her2/neu overexpression or without (triple-negative group), have characteristics associated with variables of a poorer prognosis. The lack of progesterone receptor expression also seems to be associated with these.
    Cirugia Espanola - CIR ESPAN. 01/2008; 84(3):138-145.
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    ABSTRACT: The sentinel node is defined as the node with the highest probability of being involved in the case of lymphatic spread from a tumor. Accurate identification and biopsy of this node can avoid unnecessary lymphadenectomies. The aim of this study was to determine if there are differences in the number of isolated sentinel lymph nodes in breast cancer according to whether a mixed technique (vital dye plus isotopic tracer) or radiotracer alone is used and if there are differences in the detection of more than one lymphatic basin and in the number of lymphatic nodes depending on the site of tracer injection. A total of 173 sentinel lymph node biopsies in 173 women with breast cancer were studied taking into account the technique (mixed [n = 109] or radiotracer alone [n = 64]) and the location of tracer injection (periareolar [n = 81], intra and/or peritumoral [n = 92]). The number of lymphatic basins and the number of sentinel nodes were compared among the distinct groups resulting from the combination of the 2 parameters. Simultaneous drainage to both the axilla and internal mammary chain was more frequent with the intra-periareolar technique. The number of identified nodes was significantly higher when mixed techniques were compared, and was higher with periareolar injection than with the intra-peritumoral route. In breast cancer sentinel lymph node biopsy, the number of identified nodes is not influenced by the use of a mixed technique or radiotracer alone. However, the number of identified nodes is higher with the periareolar route than with the intra-peritumoral route. Intra-peritumoral injection of the tracer shows a higher frequency of internal mammary chain drainage than periareolar injection, although this difference was not statistically significant.
    Cirugía Española 06/2007; 81(5):264-8. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The sentinel node is defined as the node with the highest probability of being involved in the case of lymphatic spread from a tumor. Accurate identification and biopsy of this node can avoid unnecessary lymphadenectomies. The aim of this study was to determine if there are differences in the number of isolated sentinel lymph nodes in breast cancer according to whether a mixed technique (vital dye plus isotopic tracer) or radiotracer alone is used and if there are differences in the detection of more than one lymphatic basin and in the number of lymphatic nodes depending on the site of tracer injection. Patients and method A total of 173 sentinel lymph node biopsies in 173 women with breast cancer were studied taking into account the technique (mixed [n = 109] or radiotracer alone [n = 64]) and the location of tracer injection (periareolar [n = 81], intra and/or peritumoral [n = 92]). The number of lymphatic basins and the number of sentinel nodes were compared among the distinct groups resulting from the combination of the 2 parameters. Results Simultaneous drainage to both the axilla and internal mammary chain was more frequent with the intra-periareolar technique. The number of identified nodes was significantly higher when mixed techniques were compared, and was higher with periareolar injection than with the intra-peritumoral route. Conclusions In breast cancer sentinel lymph node biopsy, the number of identified nodes is not influenced by the use of a mixed technique or radiotracer alone. However, the number of identified nodes is higher with the periareolar route than with the intraperitumoral route. Intra-peritumoral injection of the tracer shows a higher frequency of internal mammary chain drainage than periareolar injection, although this difference was not statistically significant.
    Cirugia Espanola - CIR ESPAN. 01/2007; 81(5):264-268.
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    ABSTRACT: The differential diagnosis between macrocystic serous cystoadenoma and mucinous cystoadenoma is very difficult but is highly important due to the latter's potential for malignant transformation. We present a case of unilocular macrocystic serous cystoadenoma. Due to the impossibility of obtaining an accurate preoperative diagnosis, all macrocystic unilocular lesions, in an appropriate clinical context, must be resected.
    Cirugía Española 02/2006; 79(1):57-60. · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • Cirugia Espanola - CIR ESPAN. 01/2006; 79(1):57-60.
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    ABSTRACT: The anatomical location of cutaneous melanoma has been suggested to be an independent prognostic factor. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the location of the primary tumor influences sentinel node detection in cutaneous melanoma. Two hundred twelve patients with primary cutaneous melanoma (96 of the limbs, 89 of the trunk and 27 of the head or neck) who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy were studied. Adequate lymphoscintigraphic and surgical localization was evaluated and epidemiological and histopathological variables, the number of lymph nodes draining the site of the primary lesion, sentinel nodes per drainage basin, and tumor-positive nodes were compared. Localization was less successful for tumors of the head and neck (88.8%), both with lymphoscintigraphy (P<.001) and surgery (P<.0005), especially for lymph nodes adjacent to salivary glands (P<.0005). Melanomas of the trunk showed a greater number of nodes per lesion and wider variability in drainage pathways (P<.0005), although there were no differences in the number of sentinel nodes per drainage basin (P=.455). Sentinel node detection with less successful in cutaneous melanomas located in the head and neck. Location of the sentinel node adjacent to a salivary gland is a factor that influences its detection. Cutaneous melanomas of the trunk showed a higher number of draining nodes per lesion than those located in the limbs or head and neck.
    Cirugía Española 09/2005; 78(2):86-91. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The anatomical location of cutaneous melanoma has been suggested to be an independent prognostic factor. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the location of the primary tumor influences sentinel node detection in cutaneous melanoma. Patients and method Two hundred twelve patients with primary cutaneous melanoma (96 of the limbs, 89 of the trunk and 27 of the head or neck) who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy were studied. Adequate lymphoscintigraphic and surgical localization was evaluated and epidemiological and histopathological variables, the number of lymph nodes draining the site of the primary lesion, sentinel nodes per drainage basin, and tumor-positive nodes were compared. Results Localization was less successful for tumors of the head and neck (88.8%), both with lymp-hoscintigraphy (P<.001) and surgery (P<.0005), especially for lymph nodes adjacent to salivary glands (P<.0005). Melanomas of the trunk showed a greater number of nodes per lesion and wider variability in drainage pathways (P<.0005), although there were no differences in the number of sentinel nodes per drainage basin (P=.455). Conclusions Sentinel node detection with less successful in cutaneous melanomas located in the head and neck. Location of the sentinel node adjacent to a salivary gland is a factor that influences its detection. Cutaneous melanomas of the trunk showed a higher number of draining nodes per lesion than those located in the limbs or head and neck.
    Cirugía Española 07/2005; 78(2):86-91. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate a program of training in laparoscopic surgery based on clinical practice in the emergency room, in which laparoscopic appendectomy is the first technique that residents perform as surgeons. A prospective nonrandomized study was conducted involving all the laparoscopies performed in emergencies with a diagnosis of acute abdomen, appendicular in origin, during the period between June 1991 and December 1997. There were no statistically significant differences between residents and assistants in terms of conversion rates (22/242 vs 15/158), mean hospital stay for each type of surgeon (5.2 days for residents and 5.1 days for assistants), and complications (12.8% for residents and 13.7% for assistants). Operating time, was significantly longer (p < 0.05) for residents (52.2 min) than for assistants (48 min). Apprenticeship in laparoscopic appendectomy can be accomplished with gradual clinical training and without the need for resort to animal experimentation laboratories.
    Surgical Endoscopy 02/2003; 17(1):111-4. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Unnecessary laparotomies in patients with abdominal traumatism (AT) who present hemoperitoneum with stable hemodynamics may be avoided if a diagnostic/therapeutic laparoscopy is performed. Between July 1992 and December 1994, 24 patients with AT and hemoperitoneum underwent this exploration: 5 were found to have a large retroperitoneal hematoma; 2, a tear in the intestinal mesenterium; 4, hepatic injuries; and 13, splenic lesions. Of the 24 patients, 9 needed conversion to open exploration: 8 during the laparoscopy and 1 shortly after operation. Mean hospital stay was 7 days (5-9). There was no morbidity or mortality in the series. Diagnostic/therapeutic laparoscopy is a method that is efficient and economical and can easily be undertaken by surgeons with experience in laparoscopy; it may be a valid alternative to conservative treatment or laparotomy in AT and hemoperitoneum patients who are hemodynamically stable.
    Surgical Endoscopy 08/1995; 9(8):879-81. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective analysis of 121 papillary thyroid carcinomas was made to assess prognostic factors including histological variants which might be related to survival. The mean follow-up period was 10 years and clinical, surgical and histopathological data were studied. The survival curves were analysed by the Kaplan-Meier method and the multivariate analysis used Cox's regression model. Eighty-seven patients had well differentiated papillary cancers. The survival rate for papillary thyroid cancer was 86 per cent at 5 years and 72 per cent at 10 years. Factors showing prognostic significance for survival were tumour size, extrathyroid extension and histological type. Disease-free survival was influenced by sex, existence of a capsule and nodal metastases. Factors showing a favourable prognosis were: age under 45 years, size less than 4 cm, no extrathyroid extension and well differentiated histological type (P < 0.001). Histological subtype was one of the most important prognostic factors.
    British Journal of Surgery 08/1995; 82(8):1092-4. · 4.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bezoars are large conglomerates of vegetable fibers, hairs, or concretions of various substances located in the stomach or small intestine of humans and certain animals, mainly ruminants. Gastrointestinal bezoars have constituted a relatively common clinical reality ever since the introduction of truncal vagotomy associated with drainage or gastric resection in the treatment of gastroduodenal peptic ulcer. This study presents a series of 87 cases of intestinal bezoar treated in our department of general surgery. Analysis was made of data obtained retrospectively from clinical histories, together with a clinical and endoscopic review of the patients. Most of the patients had had previous operative treatment (76.3 percent), the most commonly used technique being bilateral truncal vagotomy plus pyloroplasty (75.8 percent). An excessive intake of vegetable fiber was revealed in 39.5 percent of the cases, and alterations in dentition and mastication in 24 percent. Operative treatment was used in all patients. We attempted to fragment the bezoar and milk it to the cecum. Enterotomy and bezoar extraction were reserved for cases where fragmentation was impossible, as enterotomy was associated with more complications (p < 0.05). Bilateral truncal vagotomy plus pyloroplasty and a excessive ingestion of vegetable fiber are the main factors predisposing to bezoar formation. Clinically, intestinal bezoars manifest themselves in most cases as complete intestinal obstruction. Simple roentgenography of the abdomen is the fundamental technique for diagnosing the occlusive syndrome. Treatment must be operative, during which the bezoar is fragmented and milked to the cecum. The stomach must be explored for associated bezoars.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 10/1994; 179(3):285-8. · 4.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Frequently, patients present with symptoms after cholecystectomy (pain or discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen, postprandial fullness, bile vomiting, among others). Duodenogastric reflux has been associated with these symptoms in some patients. Therefore, this study was done to investigate this relationship. We evaluated duodenogastric reflux (DGR) in ten healthy patients, in ten patients who had asymptomatic simple cholecystectomy, in ten patients who had asymptomatic cholecystectomy with supraduodenal choledochoduodenostomy (CD), and in ten patients who had cholecystectomy plus CD followed by discomfort in the upper abdomen, postprandial fullness and bile vomiting, but no colicky pain or acute cholangitis. Duodenogastric reflux was quantified using continuous intravenous infusion of technetium-99m labeled hepatoiminodiacetic acid (99mTc-HIDA) and subsequently determining its concentration in gastric juice. All of the patients who underwent operation, whatever the technique used, had higher reflux rates than those in the control group (p < 0.001). Moreover, reflux rates were comparable in the patients who underwent simple cholecystectomy compared with patients in the asymptomatic cholecystectomy plus CD group. Conversely, when patients with cholecystectomy plus CD presented with discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen as well as bile vomiting, they had higher reflux rates than patients who underwent simple cholecystectomy (p < 0.001) and asymptomatic patients with associated CD (p < 0.001). Our results suggest that DGR must be involved in the genesis of these dyspeptic symptoms.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 08/1994; 179(2):193-6. · 4.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients undergoing gastric operations, we studied the relationship between data suggesting alkaline reflux gastritis (symptoms, endoscopic alterations and histologic lesions) and two factors that produce chronic gastritis (helicobacter pylori and duodenogastric reflux). Of 225 patients who underwent operations for gastroduodenal gastric ulcer at our General Surgery Unit between 1980 and 1982, 63 agreed to undergo endoscopy and biopsies. Of these 63 patients, 38 agreed to a test to quantify duodenogastric reflux (24 hour gastric pH monitoring associated with the determination of bile acids in gastric juice). According to the clinical questionnaire, patients were classified as symptomatic and asymptomatic. Endoscopy was considered either normal with mucosal lesions or mucosal lesions plus bile. In the histologic study, we considered normal mucosa, superficial chronic gastritis and atrophic chronic gastritis. Furthermore, the presence of atrophy, metaplasia, foveolar hyperplasia and helicobacter pylori was studied. Symptoms, endoscopic alterations and histologic lesions were not significantly related to helicobacter pylori, but were significantly related to the quantity of duodenogastric reflux. The symptomatic patients presented with a greater quantity of reflux than the asymptomatic patients (p < 0.05). The patients with mucosal lesions plus bile who had endoscopy showed a greater quantity of reflux than those with normal endoscopy (p < 0.001) and those with mucosal lesions without bile (p < 0.02 for pH values and p < 0.001 for bile acids). The patients with atrophic chronic gastritis presented with a greater quantity of reflux than those with normal mucosa and superficial chronic gastritis (p < 0.05, respectively), and the patients with atrophy and metaplasia and foveolar hyperplasia had more reflux than those without (p < 0.001, respectively). The patients who were helicobacter positive and negative presented with similar quantities of reflux.
    Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics 06/1993; 176(6):594-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Duodenogastric reflux is quantified in ten patients with biliary lithiasis and a functioning gallbladder, before and six months after performing cholecystectomy. The results are compared with those of a control group (n = 10) with similar age and gender, without gastric or hepatobiliary pathologic factors. To evaluate reflux, we used six hour continuous intravenous infusion and subsequent determination in gastric juice of 99mTc-diethyliminodiacetic acid. Our results showed that patients with cholelithiasis have higher reflux rates than those in the control group (p < 0.001). When comparing patients before and after cholecystectomy, we confirmed that removal of the gallbladder produces a significant increase (p < 0.001) in reflux rates compared with preoperative values.
    Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics 02/1993; 176(2):116-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Phylloides tumor is an infrequent fibroepithelial breast tumor that is usually benign. We present the case of a unilateral multicentric malignant phylloides tumor.
    Cirugía Española 71(6):327–329. · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • Pascual Parrilla-Paricio
    Cirugía Española 74(4):183–184. · 0.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

107 Citations
26.79 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995–2008
    • Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca
      • Departamento de Cirugía
      Murcia, Murcia, Spain
    • University of Murcia
      • Departamento de Cirugía, Pediatría y Obstetricia y Ginecología
      Murcia, Murcia, Spain