[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have previously assigned an integrin α2β1-recognition site in collagen I to the sequence, GFOGERGVEGPOGPA (O = Hyp), corresponding to residues 502–516 of the α1(I) chain and located in the fragment α1(I)CB3 (Knight, C. G., Morton, L. F., Onley, D. J., Peachey, A. R., Messent, A. J., Smethurst, P. A., Tuckwell, D. S., Farndale,
R. W., and Barnes, M. J. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 33287–33294). In this study, we show that recognition is entirely contained within the six-residue sequence GFOGER.
This sequence, when in triple-helical conformation, readily supports α2β1-dependent cell adhesion and exhibits divalent cation-dependent binding of isolated α2β1 and recombinant α2A-domain, being at least as active as the parent collagen. Replacement of E by D causes loss of recognition. The same sequence
binds integrin α1 A-domain and supports integrin α1β1-mediated cell adhesion. Triple-helical GFOGER completely inhibits α2 A-domain binding to collagens I and IV and α2β1-dependent adhesion of platelets and HT 1080 cells to these collagens. It also fully inhibits α1 A-domain binding to collagen I and strongly inhibits α1β1-mediated adhesion of Rugli cells to this collagen but has little effect on either α1 A-domain binding or adhesion of Rugli
cells to collagen IV. We conclude that the sequence GFOGER represents a high-affinity binding site in collagens I and IV for
α2β1 and in collagen I for α1β1. Other high-affinity sites in collagen IV mediate its recognition of α1β1.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seven overlapping peptides derived from the bovine alpha1(III)CB4 fragment of collagen III support static platelet adhesion, and an integrin alpha2beta1-recognition site has been assigned within this fragment to residues 522-528 of the collagen alpha1(III) chain; (25). In this study we found that two of the peptides, CB4(III)-6 and -7, were able to support platelet adhesion under flow conditions, whereas the other peptides showed either very little (CB4(III)-1 and -4) or no platelet adhesion at all (CB4(III)-2, -3 and -5). Using the recombinant leech anti-platelet protein (rLAPP), known to prevent both alpha2beta1 integrin- and von Willebrand factor (vWF)-binding to collagen, we observed almost complete inhibition of platelet adhesion to peptides CB4(III)-6 and -7. In solid-phase binding assays rLAPP bound to CB4(III)-6 and -7 and to CB4(III)-6/7, containing the peptide 6/7 overlap sequence, and not to any other peptide. Our results suggest that the overlap sequence GPP*GPRGGAGPP*GPEGGK (single-letter amino acid code, P* = hydroxyproline), corresponding to residues 523-540 of the alpha1(III) collagen chain, contains a binding site for rLAPP. Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) directed against the alpha2 subunit of integrin alpha2beta1 inhibited platelet adhesion to both CB4(III)-6 and -7 by about 50%, showing that the alpha2beta1-recognition site in this locality in alpha1(III)CB4 detected under static conditions is of sufficient affinity to withstand shear forces. Solid-phase binding studies indicated that vWF binds to CB4(III)-7 and to a lesser extent to CB4(III)-4. Furthermore, rLAPP competed with vWF in binding to CB4(III)-7. Our results indicate that residues 541-558 of the alpha1(III)-chain may contain one of the critical vWF-binding sites involved in the initial phase of platelet adhesion to collagen III. MoAbs against vWF (A1 and A3 domain) and glycoprotein (GP)Ib confirmed that vWF is involved in adhesion to CB4(III)-7 and showed that vWF is also involved in adhesion to CB4(III)-6 despite the absence of direct binding of vWF to the peptide. The existence of alpha2beta1-, vWF- and rLAPP-binding sites all in close proximity in alpha1(III)CB4 testifies to the importance of this locus in collagen III for its platelet reactivity.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 10/1999; 82(3):1137-44. · 4.98 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peptides consisting of a repeat Gly-Pro-Hyp sequence are potent platelet agonists. The aim of this study was: (1) to examine the specificity of this sequence for platelet activation; (2) to confirm its recognition by platelet glycoprotein VI; and (3) to assess with suitable peptides the relative importance of glycoprotein VI and integrin alpha 2 beta 1 in platelet activation by collagen.
Peptides were synthesized by standard Fmoc chemistry and tested for their ability to support adhesion of human platelets and HT 1080 cells, induce platelet aggregation, bind integrin alpha 2 subunit A-domain and to cause tyrosine phosphorylation of platelet proteins.
(1) Peptides consisting of a repeat Gly-Pro-Pro, Gly-Pro-Ala or Gly-Pro-Arg sequence exhibited little if any platelet-reactivity. (2) The platelet-reactive peptide consisting of a repeating Gly-Pro-Hyp sequence failed to induce tyrosine phosphorylation in glycoprotein VI-deficient platelets. Platelet adhesion to this peptide was inhibited by intact anti-glycoprotein VI antibody and its Fab fragment. The latter inhibited aggregation by the peptide and fibres of both collagens I and III. (3) A peptide containing a 15-mer alpha 2 beta 1-binding sequence in a repeat Gly-Pro-Pro structure supported alpha 2 beta 1-mediated platelet and HT 1080 cell adhesion and bound alpha 2 A-domain, but failed to activate platelets or to induce tyrosine phosphorylation. Conversely, a peptide containing this sequence but with an essential Glu replaced by Ala and inserted in a repeat Gly-Pro-Hyp structure did not recognize alpha 2 beta 1, but was highly platelet activatory.
Platelet activation by collagen involves the highly-specific recognition of the Gly-Pro-Hyp sequence by platelet glycoprotein VI. Recognition of alpha 2 beta 1 is insufficient to cause activation. Interaction between collagen and glycoprotein VI is unique since Gly-Pro-Hyp is common in collagens but occurs rarely in other proteins, and glycoprotein VI may be expressed solely by platelets. This sequence could provide a basis for a highly-specific anti-thrombotic reagent to control thrombosis associated with plaque rupture.
Cardiovascular Research 03/1999; 41(2):450-7. DOI:10.1016/S0008-6363(98)00306-X · 5.94 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The collagen type I-derived fragment alpha1(I)CB3 is known to recognize the platelet collagen receptor integrin alpha2beta1 as effectively as the parent collagen, although it lacks platelet-aggregatory activity. We have synthesized the fragment as seven overlapping peptides that spontaneously assemble into triple helices. On the basis of their capacity to bind purified alpha2 beta1 and the recombinant alpha2 A-domain, and their ability to support alpha2 beta1-mediated cell adhesion, we identified two peptides, CB3(I)-5 and -6, which contain an alpha2 beta1 recognition site. Synthesis of the peptide CB3(I)-5/6, containing the overlap sequence between peptides 5 and 6, allowed us to locate the binding site within the 15-residue sequence, GFP*GERGVEGPP*GPA (where P* represents hydroxyproline), corresponding to residues 502-516 of the collagen type I alpha1 chain. The Glu and Arg residues in the GER triplet were found to be essential for recognition since substitution of either residue with Ala caused a loss of alpha2 A-domain binding. By contrast, substitution of the Glu in GVE did not reduce binding, but rather enhanced it slightly. We were unable to detect significant recognition of alpha2 beta1 by the peptide CB3(I)-2 containing the putative alpha2 beta1 recognition sequence DGEA. Peptides CB3(I)-1 to -6, together with peptide CB3(I)-5/6, exhibited good platelet-aggregatory activity, in some cases better than collagen. However, peptide CB3(I)-7 was inactive, suggesting the presence of an inhibitory element that might account for the lack of aggregatory activity of the parent alpha1(I)CB3 fragment.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/1999; 273(50):33287-94. · 4.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to define the need for specific collagen sequences and the role of their conformation in platelet adhesion to collagen under both static and flow conditions. We recently reported that simple triple-helical collagen-related peptides (CRPs), GCP*(GPP*)10GCP*G and GKP*(GPP*)10GKP*G (single-letter amino acid code, P* = hydroxyproline; Morton et al, Biochem J 306:337, 1995) were potent stimulators of platelet activation and were able to support the adhesion of gel-filtered platelets examined under static conditions. The present study investigated whether these same peptides were able to support platelet adhesion under more physiologic conditions by examining static adhesion with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and adhesion under flow conditions. In the static adhesion assay, we observed 20% surface coverage with platelet aggregates. In marked contrast, there was a total lack of adhesion under flow conditions examined at shear rates of 50 and 300 s-1. Thus, the interaction of platelets with the CRPs is a low-affinity interaction unable on its own to withstand shear forces. However, the addition of CRPs to whole blood, in the presence of 200 micromol/L D-arginyl-glycyl-L-aspartyl-L-tryptophan (dRGDW) to prevent platelet aggregation, caused an inhibition of about 50% of platelet adhesion to collagens I and III under flow. These results suggest that the collagen triple helix per se, as defined by these simple collagen sequences, plays an important contributory role in the overall process of adhesion to collagen under flow. The monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 176D7, directed against the alpha2 subunit of the integrin alpha2 beta1, was found to inhibit static platelet adhesion to monomeric but not fibrillar collagens I and III. However, under flow conditions, anti-alpha2 MoAbs (176D7 anf 6F1) inhibited adhesion to both monomeric and fibrillar collagens, indicating that alpha2 beta1 is essential for adhesion to collagen under flow, independent of collagen conformation, whether monomeric or polymeric. To obtain further insight into the nature of the different adhesive properties of CRPs and native collagen, we investigated the relative importance of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and the integrin alpha2 beta1 in platelet adhesion to collagen types I and III, using the same shear rate (300 s-1) as used when testing CRPs under flow conditions. Our results, together with recent data of others, support a two-step mechanism of platelet interaction with collagen under flow conditions. The first step involves adhesion via both the indirect interaction of platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib with collagen mediated by vWF binding to specific vWF-recognition sites in collagen and the direct interaction between platelet alpha2 beta1 and specific alpha2 beta1-recognition sites in collagen. This suffices to hold platelets at the collagen surface. The second step occurs via another collagen receptor (thought to be GPVI) that binds to simple collagen sequences, required essentially to delineate the collagen triple helix. Recognition of the triple helix leads to strengthening of attachment and platelet activation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The platelet-reactive collagen III-derived fragment alpha1(III)CB4 has been synthesized as seven overlapping peptides, each as a homotrimeric triple-helical species covalently linked at the C terminus. Additional Gly-Pro-Hyp triplets were introduced at each end of the peptide sequence to ensure a stable triple-helical conformation at 20 degrees C, the temperature at which cell reactivity was measured. A Cys-containing triplet was included at each end to allow intermolecular cross-linking. All seven peptides in triple-helical, cross-linked form were able to cause platelet aggregation. Peptide 6, the most reactive species, was more aggregatory than collagen fibers. Platelet adhesion occurred to all peptides immobilized on plastic in monomeric form. Adhesion was integrin alpha2beta1-independent except in the case of peptide 6, adhesion to which was partially reduced by anti-integrin alpha2beta1 monoclonal antibodies. The presence of an alpha2beta1 recognition site in peptide 6 was confirmed using HT 1080 cells, which express alpha2beta1 as their major or sole collagen receptor. HT 1080 adhesion to both peptide 6 and collagen was strongly inhibited by anti-integrin alpha2beta1 monoclonal antibodies. These cells did not adhere to any of the other peptides. Comparison of the structure of peptide 6 with that of adjacent peptides indicates that the sequence Gly-Gly-Pro-Hyp-Gly-Pro-Arg, residues 522-528 of the collagen alpha1(III) chain, represents the minimum structure required for the recognition of alpha2beta1. Our findings support the view that the collagen triple helix possesses an intrinsic platelet reactivity that can be expressed independently of integrin alpha2beta1 and the precise level of which is governed by the exact nature of the primary sequence. Sequences such as those recognizing alpha2beta1 may potentiate the activity, whereas others may have the opposite effect.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/1997; 272(17):11044-8. · 4.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Activation of platelets by collagen is mediated through a tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway that is associated with phosphorylation of the Fc receptor gamma chain, the tyrosine kinase syk, and phospholipase C gamma2 (PLC gamma2). We recently described a collagen-related triple-helical peptide (CRP) with the sequence GCP*(GPP*)GCP*G (single letter amino acid code: P* = hydroxyproline; Morton et al, Biochem J306:337, 1995). The cross-linked peptide is a potent stimulus of platelet activation but, unlike collagen, does not support alpha2beta1-mediated, Mg2+-dependent adhesion, suggesting that its action is independent of the integrin alpha2beta1. This finding suggests the existence of a platelet receptor other than alpha2beta1 that underlies activation. In the present study, we show that CRP stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of the same pattern of proteins in platelets as collagen, including syk and PLC gamma2. Protein tyrosine phosphorylation induced by CRP is not altered in the absence of Mg2+ or the presence of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) to the integrin alpha2beta1 (MoAb 6F1 and MoAb 13), conditions that prevent the interaction of collagen with the integrin. In contrast, phosphorylation of syk and PLC gamma2 by collagen is partially reduced by MoAb 6F1 and MoAb 13 or by removal of Mg2+. This may reflect a direct role of alpha2beta1 in collagen-induced signaling events or an indirect role in which the integrin facilitates the binding of collagen to its signaling receptor. The results show an alpha2beta1-independent pathway of platelet activation by CRP that involves phosphorylation of syk and PLC gamma2. This pathway appears to contribute to platelet activation by collagen.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was identified in platelets on the basis of (a) its reactivity with antibodies to C-terminal and N-terminal peptides, and (b) its ability to activate MAPK-activated protein kinase-2, which phosphorylates the small heat shock protein, hsp27. p38 MAPK
was activated in platelets by collagen fibers, a collagen-related cross-linked peptide, thrombin, or the thromboxane analogue
U46619. A highly specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, a pyridinyl imidazole known as SB203580, inhibited the platelet enzyme in vitro (IC 0.5 μM). At similar concentrations it also inhibited agonist-stimulated phosphorylation of hsp27 in platelets, and platelet
aggregation and secretion induced by minimal aggregatory concentrations of collagen or U46619, but not thrombin. Inhibition
of aggregation was overcome by increasing agonist dose. SB203580 might act by inhibiting thromboxane generation, but this
was only inhibited by 10-20% at low agonist concentrations.
p38 MAPK provides a crucial signal, which is necessary for aggregation caused by minimal concentrations of collagen fibers
or U46619. Thrombin or high doses of these agonists generate signals that bypass the enzyme, or render the enzyme no longer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The platelet reactivities of two simple collagen-like synthetic peptides, Gly-Lys-Hyp-(Gly-Pro-Hyp)10-Gly-Lys-Hyp-Gly and Gly-Cys-Hyp-(Gly-Pro-Hyp)10-Gly-Cys-Hyp-Gly, were investigated. Both peptides adopted a stable triple-helical conformation in solution. Following cross-linking, both peptides proved to be highly platelet-aggregatory, more active than collagen fibres, inducing aggregation at concentrations as low as 20 ng/ml. These peptides formed microaggregates in solution, and cross-linking was thought to stabilize these structures, allowing expression of their platelet reactivity at 37 degrees C. Like collagen fibres, the peptides caused platelet secretion and release of arachidonate from platelet membrane lipids as well as activation of integrin alpha IIb beta 3 culminating in aggregation. Monoclonal antibodies directed against the integrin alpha 2 beta 1 failed to prevent aggregation release of arachidonate or platelet adhesion to the peptides. Our results indicate that collagen can activate platelets by a mechanism that is independent of integrin alpha 2 beta 1 and for which collagen tertiary and quaternary structures are sufficient alone for activity without the involvement of highly specific cell-recognition sequences.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Platelet adhesion has been measured to type-I monomeric collagen, collagen fibres, alpha 1(I) and alpha 2(I) chains and the chain fragments alpha 1(I)CB3, alpha 1(I)CB6, alpha 1(I)CB7 and alpha 1(I)CB8, and alpha 2(I)CB3,5 and alpha 2(I)CB4. Little if any adhesion occurred to any denatured species at 37 degrees C, demonstrating the importance of the collagen helix. However, on coating at 4 degrees C to promote helix formation, and assaying at room temperature to avoid denaturation, adhesion was observed to both alpha-chain types and all fragments, the exact level of which depended on the identity of the species in question. Adhesion was strongly Mg(2+)-dependent. Antibodies against the integrin alpha 2 beta 1 partially inhibited adhesion to alpha-chains and all fragments except alpha 1(I)CB6, indicating a wide distribution of alpha 2 beta 1-binding sites in the collagen molecule. 'Activation-dependent' adhesion to monomeric collagen, totally secondary to alpha 2 beta 1-mediated adhesion, involved at least two mechanisms, one mediated by integrin alpha IIb beta 3 and insensitive to prostaglandin E1, the other inhibitable by prostaglandin E1 but independent of integrin alpha IIb beta 3. alpha IIb beta 3-mediated adhesion to fragments was, at least in part, independent of the alpha 2 beta 1-mediated adhesion. Adhesion to fibres was largely bivalent-cation-independent with only minor involvement of integrin alpha 2 beta 1. Some alpha IIb beta 3-mediated adhesion occurred but was independent of any alpha 2 beta 1-initiated adhesion. Total 'activation-dependent' adhesion to fibres was less than to monomeric collagen. Affinity chromatography revealed bivalent-cation-independent binding to fibres of three main platelet surface proteins, 90, 150 and 190 kDa in size.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Platelet adhesion to collagens immobilized on plastic has been measured, with the following results. (1) Human, but not rabbit, platelets adhered readily to pepsin-extracted monomeric collagens in an Mg2(+)-dependent manner. (2) Rabbit platelets adhered to a monomeric collagen extracted without pepsin by a process that was cation-independent; human platelet adhesion to this collagen exhibited a cation-independent element. (3) Human platelet adhesion to polymeric collagens, including intact native fibres and those reconstituted from pepsin-extracted monomeric collagens, exhibited appreciable cation-independence; adhesion of rabbit platelets to these collagens occurred only by a cation-independent process; pepsin treatment of the intact fibres caused a reduction in cation-independent binding. Two mechanisms of adhesion can therefore be distinguished, one Mg2(+)-dependent, expressed by human, but not rabbit, platelets, the other cation-independent and exhibited by platelets of both species. Mg2(+)-dependent and cation-independent adhesion sites are located within the triple helix of collagen, but the latter sites are only expressed in collagen in polymeric form. In neither case is the helical conformation of the sites essential for their binding activity. Cation-independent adhesion sites are also located in the pepsin-sensitive non-helical telopeptides of collagen and can be expressed in both monomeric and polymeric collagens. Chemical modification of collagen lysine residues indicates that specific lysine residues may be involved in Mg2(+)-dependent adhesion. Adhesion using human citrated platelet-rich plasma is Mg2(+)-independent. Plasma contains factors, conceivably the adhesive proteins fibronectin and von Willebrand factor, that promote the Mg2(+)-independent mechanism.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The adhesion of human and rabbit platelets to collagens and collagen-derived fragments immobilized on plastic was investigated. Adhesion appeared to be independent of collagen conformation, since similar attachment occurred to collagen (type I) in monomeric form, as fibres or in denatured state. The adhesion of human platelets was stimulated to a variable degree by Mg2+, but rabbit platelet adhesion showed little if any dependence on this cation. Collagens type I, III, V and VI were all able to support adhesion, although that to collagen type V (native) was lower than that to the other collagens. Adhesion to a series of peptides derived from collagens I and III was measured. Attachment did not require the presence of peptides in triple-helical configuration. The extent of adhesion ranged from relatively high, as good as to the intact parent collagen molecule, to little if any adhesive activity beyond the non-specific (background) level. The existence of very different degrees of activity suggests that platelet adhesion is associated with specific structural sites in the collagen molecule. Adhesion in many instances was essentially in accord with the known platelet-aggregatory activity of individual peptides. However, two peptides, alpha 1(I)CB3 and alpha 1(III)CB1,8,10,2, exhibited good adhesive activity although possessing little if any aggregatory activity. Of particular interest, despite its near-total lack of aggregatory activity, adhesion to peptide alpha 1(I)CB3 was as good as that to the structurally homologous peptide alpha 1(III)CB4, in which is located a highly reactive aggregatory site. This implies that platelet adhesion to collagen may involve sites in the collagen molecule distinct from those more directly associated with aggregation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Collagen type III possesses a highly reactive platelet-aggregatory site at a locus which in type I is essentially inactive whilst the latter collagen possesses reactive sites absent in type III. It is proposed that platelet aggregation by collagen involves the sequence GK[or R]PG(EY)GPK[or R]G(EY) or, less favourably, GPK[or R]G(EY)G(XY)GK[or R]PG(EY), one basic residue acting in combination with the second in an adjacent alpha-chain.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The blood protein Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor (FVIII/VWF) has been shown to bind to a variety of collagen polymers including (i), the native-type fibres (of collagens types I and III), (ii), segment-long-spacing (SLS) aggregates (of collagens types I, III, IV and V), (iii), the insoluble polymer obtained by random cross-linking of the type I monomer and (iv), the non-striated fibril (of type I) produced by alcohol precipitation. Relatively little binding of FVIII/VWF to the amorphous, non-fibrillar form of collagen (type I) produced by salt precipitation from acid solution was observed. No significant binding either to elastin or to the insoluble polymer derived by random cross-linking of bovine serum albumin was noted. The absorption of FVIII/VWF to collagens was affected by ionic concentration and FVIII/VWF was only totally bound at relatively low ionic strength. Binding of radiolabelled FVIII/VWF could be largely inhibited by an excess of the unlabelled protein. The interaction of FVIII/VWF with collagen fibres was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by monomeric collagen when present at relatively high concentrations. Gelatin did not appear to inhibit binding significantly. The structural requirements of collagen for binding to occur appear to resemble those required for collagen-induced platelet aggregation in which collagen quaternary structure rather than collagen type per se is the important factor. Loss of secondary or higher orders of structure of FVIII/VWF as a result of heat denaturation or reduction of disulphide bonds decreased or prevented binding. In accord with the association of biological activity with FVIII/VWF aggregates, optimal binding appeared to require the presence of aggregated FVIII/VWF.
Thrombosis Research 01/1984; 32(6):545-56. DOI:10.1016/0049-3848(83)90056-7 · 2.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chick blood vessels synthesise in vitro collagens types I and III and, in much smaller amount, type V. In the presence of beta APN during synthesis, type I collagen is easily extracted whilst, in contrast, types III and V are insoluble and require the use of pepsin for their release into solution. The ratio of collagen type I to type III decreases during the course of development from around 9:1 in the young (11-day) embryo to a value approaching unity in the young chick. Type V collagen increases relative to the interstitial collagens. The synthesis of 'short-chain' and 'endothelial' collagens was not detected with certainty. Evidence for the possible synthesis of type IV and of additional, collagenase-sensitive, non-reducible, low-molecular weight species is presented. The presence of serum increased the proportion of collagen type I relative to that of type III. This appeared to be due in part to a direct stimulation of type I synthesis by serum but also in part to the replacement by serum of tissue 'factors' (or inhibitors of degradation) removed from the tissue during its preincubation with unlabelled medium.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Estimation of collagens types I and III in pepsin digests and by analysis of specific cyanogen-bromide derived peptides by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, has indicated that both the undiseased human aortic media and the atherosclerotic plaque of the diseased intima contain more type I collagen than type III. There was only a relatively small shift in composition in favour of type I collagen in the diseased compared to the undiseased tissue. Diffusely thickened intima was similar in composition to the atherosclerotic plaque. These results suggest that both atherogenesis and diffuse intimal thickening may involve primarily smooth muscle cell hyperplasia with increased overall collagen production but little alteration in cell phenotype as regards the relative proportions of the individual collagens produced. They do not support the contention that atherosclerosis involves a 'transformation' of smooth muscle cells to fibroblast in type, whereby a major switch in synthesis occurs from largely type III collagen to mainly type I in disease. Type V collagen(s) containing both alpha A- and alpha B-chains has been detected throughout the vessel wall in diffusely thickened intima, media and adventitia, as well as in the plaque where, in the latter case, a marked enrichment relative to interstitial collagens was noted. This is presumed to reflect the relatively cellular nature of the atherosclerotic lesion. The alpha C-chain of type V collagen was detected in porcine but not human aorta.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bovine corneal endothelial cells synthesize in culture predominantly type III collagen, with lesser amounts of types I and V and apparently little if any type IV. This pattern of synthesis is observed in both dividing and post-confluent cultures and irrespective of whether cells are attached to plastic or collagen-coated surface.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Examination of the collagens synthesized by pig aortic endothelial cells in culture and precipitated from either the cell layer or medium, following pepsin digestion, demonstrated that the major species was Type I together with some Type III collagen and α1 (I) trimer. Additional chains in the cell layer chromatographing with Type I α1-chains on CM cellulose may be partly derived from basement-membrane-associated collagen but in the medium would appear to be entirely derived from α1 (I) trimer. These results imply that the endothelial cell may secrete the Type III collagen located in the immediate subendothelial space and, in part at least, the Types I and III occurring in diffusely thickened intima and the atherosclerotic plaque.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/1978; 84(3):646-53. DOI:10.1016/0006-291X(78)90754-4 · 2.30 Impact Factor