V Pedini

Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Umbria, Italy

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Publications (56)73.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells are a virtually ubiquitous population of adult stem cells, able to differentiate into various tissue lineages. As they are multipotent and easy to grow in culture, they are at present considered very attractive candidates for tissue repair and gene therapy. With the exception of a few reports, mesenchymal stem cell morphology has been widely disregarded in the past years. In this paper we discuss the establishment of mesenchymal stem cell cultures from equine adipose tissue and describe their fine structure by transmission electron microscopy. The cultured cells revealed a fibroblastoid appearance and were characterized by an eccentric nucleus with multiple nucleoli, dense cytoplasm rich in ribosomes, a rough endoplasmic reticulum with dilated cisternae, elongated mitochondria and heterogeneous vacuolar inclusions. In addition, they were often interconnected by adhesion structures located on the cell body and on cytoplasmic processes contacting other cells. The features observed are evocative of an undifferentiated cellular phenotype and of an intense synthetic and metabolic activity.
    Histology and histopathology 10/2010; 25(10):1277-85. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CB1 is a member of the G-protein-linked receptor superfamily that is present in the central nervous system as well as in certain peripheral neuronal and non-neuronal tissues. Recently, the presence of CB1 was found in the ductal system of the major salivary glands of laboratory animals, but no data are available for domestic mammals. Thus, in the present study, we examined the presence and distribution of CB1 in the major salivary glands of dogs using immunohistochemical techniques. CB1 was found in the parotid and mandibular glands of adult dogs; positive immunoreaction was localized to the cells of the striated ducts, with a peculiar localization on or near the apical membrane. This particular localization may be explained by the characteristics of this receptor as membrane-associated. The acinar structures were completely negative for CB1. We conclude that CB1 is involved in the control of dog salivary secretion via endogenous substances, likely endocannabinoids. The localization of CB1 highlights that endocannabinoids promote qualitative and/or quantitative changes of the primary saliva in the ductal system.
    Veterinary Research Communications 06/2010; 34 Suppl 1:S9-12. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A large body of information proves that Orexin-A is present in the pancreatic endocrine cells of humans and laboratory animals; more detailed studies identify Orexin-A-immunopositive cells as beta cells. Because no data have been reported on the pancreas of domestic animals, we investigated the presence and the distribution of cells containing Orexin-A in the pancreas of cattle, sheep and pigs by means of immunohistochemical techniques. Using a polyclonal antibody against Orexin-A, the immunopositive reaction was identified in the cytoplasm of many insular cells in the three species studied. Double immunohistochemical staining, using a polyclonal anti-insulin antibody, showed that Orexin-A is co-expressed with insulin. Our results, besides showing the presence of Orexin-A in the endocrine pancreas of domestic animals, together with data present in the literature, could contribute to the understanding of complex mechanisms regulating the functionality of the endocrine pancreas in domestic animals.
    Research in Veterinary Science 03/2010; 89(2):147-9. · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Paola Scocco, Vera Pedini
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    ABSTRACT: This study characterised the composition of surface and secretion complex carbohydrates in the alimentary tract of organically and intensively housed chickens. Histochemical labelling was carried out on samples of oesophagus, glandular stomach and proximal duodenum using (1) alcian blue (AB) at pH 2.5 combined with neuraminidase digestion (Sial) with or without saponification (KOH), (2) AB at pH 1 and 0.5, (3) periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), (4) a combined AB-PAS stain, and (5) both low and high iron diamine stains combined with enzymatic treatments specific for glycosaminoglycans. Semi-quantitative scoring of the histochemical staining indicated abundant acidic sulfated glycoconjugates in each alimentary tract region, in addition to the presence of sialoglycoderivatives in the oesophagus. These complex carbohydrate components are likely to have various functions including the provision of a protective visco-elastic barrier and a role in the defence against specific pathogens. The findings provide a starting point for a more in-depth study of alimentary tract glycoconjugates in poultry.
    The Veterinary Journal 06/2009; 185(2):228-30. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pedini, V., Diaferia, M., Veronesi, F., Dall'Aglio, C, Mercati, F., Pascucci, L. and Scocco, P. 2009. Ultrastructural details of tetrathyridia of Mesocestoides spp. from a naturally infected dog. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 36: 45–48.Natural infection of dogs with Mesocestoides tetrathyridia is uncommon. The present study describes the ultrastructure of this larval form collected from an ascitic dog. The presence of suckers testified that it was a cephalic form. The tegument showed the typical structure composed of an external layer with two types of microtriches and an internal layer made up of cells joined to the external layer by cytoplasmic bridges. Numerous calcareous corpuscles were found in the parenchyma.
    Journal of Applied Animal Research - J APPL ANIM RES. 01/2009; 36(1):45-48.
  • Paola Scocco, Vera Pedini
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to identify the equine respiratory tract areas which express the specific receptor for equine influenza virus; findings may be useful to provide new ways to treat the infectious disease. The present work aims to visualize in situ the presence of sialoderivatives in the horse respiratory tract in order to localize sialoderivatives acting as influenza virus receptors. To this purpose, nasal mucosae, trachea, bronchus and lung parenchyma were removed from 8 mature horses of both sexes. We performed sialic acid characterization by means of mild and strong periodate oxidation and saponification, combined with lectin histochemistry and sialidase digestion, in addition to the direct evidentiation of sialic acid residues. No differences were shown between sexes. Sialic acid residues are present in the nasal mucous cell secretion, where they are linked to galactose by means of alpha2-3 linkage and are mainly C9 acetylated, and in the nasal and tracheal epithelial lining, where they are represented by periodate labile residues (alpha2-3)- and/or (alpha2-6)- linked to galactose. Specific receptors for equine influenza viruses are present at the nasal and tracheal epithelial lining cell coat levels, and in some trachea epithelial cells, but the horse possesses a preventive defence, which consists of the secretion of a mucous layer at nasal level, which could specifically inactivate the hemagglutinins of equine influenza virus; in addition, it expresses other sialoreceptors which can mask the influenza specific ones.
    Histology and histopathology 09/2008; 23(8):973-8. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence and the distribution of cells containing orexin A and orexin type 2 receptor in the horse stomach and gut, by means of immunohistochemical techniques. Orexin A was identified in the stomach fundic and pyloric regions and in the duodenum. In the same stomach regions, a large subset of orexin A-positive cells also showed orexin type 2 receptor-like immunoreactivity. Moreover, in the duodenum, many of them, seemed to store serotonin. Characteristically, enteric neurons or ganglia also displayed orexin A and, sometimes, orexin type 2 receptor immunoreaction. Orexin A and orexin type 2 receptor immunoreactivity was also found in the nerve fibers in the enteric submucosal layer. Our results, together with data present in the literature, could contribute to the understanding of complex mechanisms regulating the horse gut functionality that are depending very likely on the consequence of the co-operation of both a central and a peripheral control.
    Research in Veterinary Science 09/2008; 86(2):189-93. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pedini, V., Dall'Aglio, C., Mercati, F., Pascucci, L. and Scocco, P. 2008. Glycoconjugates in sheep buccal glands investigated by conventional and lectin histochemistry. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 34: 49–54.Sheep buccal glands consist of mucous acini capped by demilunes. Information on the chemical structure of their secretory glycoconjugates were obtained by means of a battery of peroxidase conjugated lectins with affinity for specific terminal and/or internal sugars. Neuraminidase procedures followed by lectin staining were also used to visualize the carbohydrate sequence. Stored secretions in mucous acinar cells contained glycoconjugates with N-acetylglucosamine and sialic acid linked to αN-acetylgalactosamine and galactosyl (βl→3) N-acetylgalactosamine. Demilunar cells displayed fucose, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine and α,N-acetylgalactosamine residues. Cells lining duct system showed a very strong staining at the apical surface and in the cytoplasm with UEA I, LTA and ConA.
    Journal of Applied Animal Research - J APPL ANIM RES. 01/2008; 34(1):49-54.
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    ABSTRACT: The oesophagus morphology of an omnivorous tilapiine fish is described. This organ is very short and is organized into a mucosa, a submucosa, a double-layered muscolaris and a serosa. The epithelium is stratified with columnar cells, but the most peculiar feature is the presence of many goblet cells that assure protection and lubrication. Taste buds are not present.
    Journal of Applied Ichthyology 07/2007; 12(2):121 - 124. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • P Scocco, V Pedini
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    ABSTRACT: Sialic acids modulate the metabolite transport across membranes and may be involved in protection against pathogenic agents. The presence of sialoderivatives in the equine mandibular gland requires further study. To biochemically visualise in situ the presence of sialoderivatives, by means of mild and strong periodate oxidation and alcoholic saponification, combined with lectin histochemistry and sialidase digestion in order to hypothesise roles for detached sialoderivatives. Mandibular glands were removed from 8 mature horses of both sexes and subjected to histochemical procedures, including periodate oxidation, saponfication and lectin staining. Controls were based upon the omission of peroxidase-conjugated lectins and respective enzyme-free buffers. The reactivities of PNA and RCA I lectins were affected by sialidase treatment, whether preceded by saponification or not, showing that the dimer N-acetyl-sialic acid-beta-Gal was linked (1-3)GalNAc and (1-4)GlcNAc. In acinar cells the sequence sialic acid-beta-Gal(1-3)GalNAc showed sialic residues acetylated at C4 only and at C4 and C7 and/or C8 and/or C9(alpha2-6Gal) in both sexes, while in female mandibular gland also C4 and C9(alpha2-3Gal) acetylated residues were present. Sialic acid linked to beta-Gal(1-4)GlcNAc was prevalently C4 and C7 and/or C8 and/or C9(alpha2-6Gal and alpha2-3Gal) acetylated, whereas only a minor quantity showed acetyl groups at C7 and/or C8 and/or C9(alpha2-6Gal) in the acinar cells of both sexes. The great variety of sialic acid residues expressed by equine mandibular gland could assume an important role in the defensive mechanisms towards pathogen agents and, compared with those of cattle, probably represents an example of molecular species-specificity related to different alimentary habits.
    Equine Veterinary Journal 10/2006; 38(5):410-5. · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is widely documented that a pool of multipotent stem cells located in humans and mice hair follicle outer root sheath (bulge region) is involved in the restoration of the whole follicular unit during each anagen phase. To the authors' knowledge, data regarding the location and characterization of hair follicle stem compartment in dogs have not been reported in the recent relevant literature. In this study, we investigated the haematopoietic stem and progenitor cell antigen CD34 as a marker of putative stem cells located in a bulge-like region of canine hair follicles. The presence of CD34 mRNA and glycoprotein was assessed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded canine skin samples by in situ hybridization technique and by standard immunohistochemistry, respectively. A strong expression of CD34 mRNA and glycoprotein was observed in a well-defined area of the hair follicle isthmic region and appeared uniformly concentrated at the level of the basal layer of the outer root sheath. These findings provide compelling support to the hypothesis that in dogs, a subpopulation of basal keratinocytes located in the hair follicle isthmic region and characterized by the selective expression of CD34 is potentially associated with the stem cell compartment of this skin appendage.
    Veterinary Dermatology 09/2006; 17(4):244-51. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Goblet cells in the intestine of shi drum Umbrina cirrosa showed the presence of glycoconjugates particularly rich in fucose and N-acetylglucosamine residues. They displayed also sialic acid linked to galactosyl(β1→3)N-acetylgalactosamine and to galactosyl(β1→4)N-acetylglucosamine. All the nine horseradish peroxidase-conjugated lectins employed with the only exception of GSA II marked the enterocytes supranuclear region and the cell coat; the cell coat showed a more intense reactivity toward the different lectins, particularly enhanced with the use of fucosyl specific lectins.
    Journal of Fish Biology 04/2005; 61(6):1363 - 1372. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptotic cell death is an essential homeostatic mechanism involved in the control of cellular turnover in a variety of adult tissues. Cytoplasmic and nuclear condensation morphologically define this process whose biochemical hallmark is extensive DNA fragmentation into discrete oligonucleosomic units. Hair follicle growth and regression has been shown to be correlated with apoptosis in humans, mice, rats and guinea pigs. The present study was carried out to evaluate its implication in canine hair biology in order to define the spatio-temporal relationship between apoptosis and the hair cycle in dogs. As assessed by terminal deoxy-nucleotidyl transferase-mediated d-UTP nick-end-labelling (TUNEL) and by basic histological and ultrastructural assays, apoptotic cells appeared both in the growing and in the regressing follicle epithelium showing the well characterized morphological features described in the previous relevant literature.
    Histology and histopathology 02/2005; 20(1):1-9. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The stomach of adult shi drum Umbrina cirrosa was investigated using a battery of nine horseradish peroxidase‐conjugated lectins combined with enzymatic treatment, in order to distinguish glycoconjugate sugar residues. Epithelial cells showed the presence of galactosyl(β1→4)N‐acetylglucosamine, mannose, N‐acetylgalactosamine, N‐acetylglucosamine, fucose and sialic acid‐galactosyl(β1→3)N‐acetylgalactosamine residues. Gastric pits had similar sugar residues with the exception of N‐acetylgalactosamine which was less diffused. Gastric glands were characterized by the presence of glycoconjugates containing galactosyl(β1→3)N‐acetylgalactosamine, N‐acetylglucosamine, galactosyl(β1→4) N‐acetylglucosamine, N‐acetylgalactosamine and a small amount of sialic acid linked to N‐acetylgalactosamine.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2005; 66(1):222-229. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The saccharide composition of surface and secretion glycoconjugates in the oesophagus of Umbrina cirrosa was examined by means of lectin histochemistry. Mucous cells showed the presence of N‐acetylgalactosamine, N‐acetylglucosamine and sialic acid linked to the dimer galactosyl(1→3) N‐acetylgalactosamine. Columnar epithelial cells had a positive reaction with almost all the lectins employed, located in the supranuclear region and in the cell coat. The presence of abundant and various glycoconjugates in the secretions of shi drum oesophagus was correlated to the absence of salivary glands in fishes in general.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2004; 64(3):625-631. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histochemical staining techniques, which differentiate the main categories of carbohydrates, were applied to sections from different segments of the alimentary canal of the shi drum Umbrina cirrosa L. to study patterns of distribution of epithelial glycoconjugates. In the oesophagus, mucous cells contained sulphomucins, together with a small amount of sialomucins. Stomach epithelial cells secreted neutral and acidic glycoconjugates, while gastric glands only produced small quantities of sialomucins. Goblet cells showed the presence of sialo and sulphomucins in the pyloric caeca, whereas intestinal mucous cells secreted sulphated glycoconjugates. This work serves as a baseline for further studies on carbohydrate composition of the mucosa of the shi drum digestive system.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 01/2002; 30(6):345-9. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to elucidate the carbohydrate profile of the mucosa of lamb duodenum, conventional histochemical methods and a panel of 7 labelled lectins were used. In some cases, treatment with sialidase preceeded lectin staining. Carbohydrate histochemistry revealed the presence of sugar residues in the brush border of enterocytes, goblet cells and duodenal glands. All sites contained neutral and acid glycoconjugates. The presence of sulphomucins in goblet and duodenal gland cells was age-dependent. Enterocytes and duodenal gland cells contained abundant amounts of oligosaccharides with terminal sialic acid-galactosyl(beta1 --> 3)N-acetylgalactosamine, whereas goblet cells contained the penultimate N-acetylgalactosamine residue linked to sialic acid. These findings were not age-dependent, whereas scarce amounts of fucose were found in all sites especially in young animals. The findings obtained in the present study serve as a basis for future pathological studies in lamb and sheep.
    Acta Histochemica 08/2001; 103(3):315-23. · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work aimed to characterize the complex carbohydrates in the duodenum of fetal and adult fallow deer. The proximal parts of the duodenum were removed from the intestine of 12- and 16-week-old fetuses and of adult fallow deer. Sections were assessed by conventional carbohydrate histochemistry combined with glycosidase digestions and treatment with KOH. During development, there was an increase in the acid carboxylated components of the glycoconjugates in goblet cells, while the duodenal glands expressed high quantities of sulphated glycoconjugates at the beginning of development but, in the adult. mainly secreted neutral and carboxylated glycoconjugates containing sialic acid. Sulphated components, probably represented by chondroitin sulphate B-like and heparan sulphate-like glycosaminoglycans may play a role in the morphofunctional differentiation of the duodenum.
    Veterinary Research Communications 02/2001; 25(1):33-42. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sugar residues are important components of salivary gland secretion. Traditional histochemical methods and lectin histochemistry were used to characterise glycoconjugates present in the mandibular gland of normal adult pigs. Acinar cells contained abundant quantities of glycoconjugates with the terminal trisaccharide sialic acid - (alpha 2-->3, 6) galactosyl (beta 1-->3) N -acetylgalactosamine. Mandibular acinar cells also contained alpha and beta N -acetylgalactosamine and N -acetylglucosamine residues, whereas the demilunar cells contained glycoconjugates with fucose, mannose and N -acetylglucosamine residues. In the duct system a range of sugar residues were localised throughout the cell cytoplasm or limited to the apical surface. These results provide new knowledge concerning the structure of salivary glycoconjugates in normal adult pig and a basis for future pathological studies.
    Research in Veterinary Science 11/2000; 69(2):159-63. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The chemical content of the secretion of the sheep lacrimal gland was analysed at the light and electron microscope levels by applying histochemical techniques and an ultrastructural histochemical method (periodic acid, thiocarbohydrazide and silver proteinate). Mucosubstance histochemistry demonstrated acidic glycoconjugates, mainly sulphated, in the mucous and seromucous glandular cells and in the apical portion of the cells lining the terminal ducts. Moreover, secretory granules, stained with PA-TCH-SP, showed a different localization of the reaction product. The presence of lysozyme was also found in the glandular serous cells. These histochemical studies demonstrate that the secretion of sheep lacrimal glands is mixed, having serous, mucous and seromucous components, and that an excellent correlation exists between the secretory granule substructure and glycoprotein localization.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 04/2000; 29(1):19-23. · 0.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

232 Citations
73.85 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1988–2010
    • Università degli Studi di Perugia
      • • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
      • • Department of Biopathological Science and Hygiene of Animal and Alimentary Production
      Perugia, Umbria, Italy
  • 1992–2009
    • University of Camerino
      • Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie
      Camerino, The Marches, Italy