[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incorporation of docetaxel into the cisplatin and fluorouracil backbone has been demonstrated to be an active combination in metastatic gastric cancer. Nevertheless, this regimen is burdened by nonnegligible toxicity. We hypothesized that replacing cisplatin and fluorouracil with oxaliplatin and capecitabine should be an active and safe option for metastatic gastric cancer patients.
In this phase II study, we tested the activity of docetaxel in combination with oxaliplatin and capecitabine (DOC) as a first-line treatment. DOC was administered as follows: docetaxel (60 mg/m(2)) and oxaliplatin (100 mg/m(2)) on day 1, and capecitabine (500 mg/m(2)) was administered orally twice daily given continuously, with cycles repeated every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate.
Forty-eight patients entered the study. All patients had metastatic disease (stage IV). None of the patients had previously received chemotherapy for advanced disease. Performance status was 0, 1, and 2 in 25, 58, and 17 % of patients, respectively; 13 patients (27 %) had adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction, and 29 patients (60.5 %) had two or more metastatic sites. The overall response rate was 52.1 %. Progression-free survival and overall survival were 6.9 and 12.6 months, respectively. The treatment was well tolerated with no treatment-related deaths. The most common grade 3-4 toxicity was neutropenia (41 %).
DOC is an effective and tolerated first-line treatment, and the lower dose of docetaxel and oxaliplatin used in this study compared with other similar regimens does not seem to hamper the antitumor activity.
Gastric Cancer 12/2013; 17(4). DOI:10.1007/s10120-013-0321-3 · 3.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Currently, no clearly superior management strategy exists for recurrent, platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. We tested the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine combined with oxaliplatin (GEMOX) in a multicentre phase II clinical trial.
Forty one patients with recurrent, platinum-resistant ovarian cancer were enrolled. Prior to study entry, all the participants had received at least one platinum-based regimen. Gemcitabine was administered at 1000 mg/m2 as protracted infusion (100 min) on day 1, and oxaliplatin at the dose of 100 mg/m2 on day 2 in a 2 hour infusion. Cycles were repeated every two weeks.
We observed an overall response rate of 37% [95% Confidence Interval (CI), 22.3--51.7]. Objective responses plus disease stabilization (clinical benefit) occurred in 78% of patients. Median progression-free survival was 6.8 months (95% CI, 5.8--7.8), and median overall survival was 16.5 months (95% CI, 12.2--20.8). Median time to self-reported symptom relief, which was described by 22 out of 27 symptomatic patients (81.5%), was 4 weeks (range, 2--8). Grade 4 neutropenia and febrile neutropenia were observed in 2 (5%) and 1 (2.5%) patients, while grade 3 anemia was encountered in 2 (5%) patients, respectively. The most common adverse effects of any grade were gastrointestinal symptoms, fatigue and neutropenia. Nine patients (22%) experienced mild allergic reaction to oxaliplatin, with no treatment discontinuation.
In our cohort of recurrent, platinum-resistant ovarian cancer patients, GEMOX showed encouraging activity and manageable toxicity. Under circumstances requiring a rapid disease control, this combination regimen may offer a particularly viable option, particularly in heavily pretreated patients.
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 08/2013; 32(1):49. DOI:10.1186/1756-9966-32-49 · 4.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Responsiveness to Cetuximab alone can be mediated by an increase of Epidermal Growth factor Receptor (EGFR) Gene Copy Number (GCN). Aim of this study was to assess the role of EGFR-GCN in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients receiving chemotherapy plus Cetuximab.
One hundred and one advanced CRC patients (43 untreated- and 58 pre-treated) were retrospectively studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to assess EGFR-GCN and by immunohistochemistry (IHC) to determine EGFR expression. Sixty-one out of 101 patients were evaluated also for k-ras status by direct sequencing. Clinical end-points were response rate (RR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).
Increased EGFR-GCN was found in 60/101 (59%) tumor samples. There was no correlation between intensity of EGFR-IHC and EGFR-GCN (p = 0.43). Patients receiving chemotherapy plus Cetuximab as first line treatment had a RR of 70% (30/43) while it was 18% (10/56) in the group with previous lines of therapy (p < 0.0001). RR was observed in 29/60 (48%) of patients with increased EGFR-GCN and in 6/28 (21%) in those without (p = 0.02). At multivariate analyses, number of chemotherapy lines and increased EGFR-GCN were predictive of response; EGFR-IHC score, increased EGFR-GCN and number of chemotherapy lines were significantly associated with a significant better PFS. Response to therapy was the only prognostic predictive factor for OS. In the 60 patients analyzed for k-ras mutations, number of chemotherapy lines, increased EGFR-GCN and k-ras wild type status predicted a better PFS.
In metastatic CRC patients treated with chemotherapy plus Cetuximab number of chemotherapy lines and increased EGFR-GCN were significantly associated with a better clinical outcome, independent of k-ras status.
Journal of Translational Medicine 04/2010; 8(1):36. DOI:10.1186/1479-5876-8-36 · 3.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the relationship between psyche and cancer dates back many centuries, and several studies were conducted on this topic during the last decades, the role of psychological factors in the development of cancer is still controversial. Although a lot of factors have been considered, attention has been focused mainly on stress, which has been evaluated also in experimental models. Generally, the results of case-control studies have been contradictory, and at times more stressfull events have been recorded in patients with benign tumors than in those with cancer. On the contrary, a higher incidence of stress-related cancers has not been documented in cohort studies. Since cancer is a genetic disease, it is difficult to hypothesize that psychological factors may permanently alter nucleotide sequence giving rise to multiple mutations needed for cancer development. At present, there is no sufficient evidence to affirm that psychological factors may contribute without doubt to cancer development.
La Clinica terapeutica 01/2010; 161(1):69-75. · 0.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The majority of breast cancers are actually diagnosed at an early stage. Selection of the best treatment in the adjuvant setting represents a paramount step to reduce the risk of recurrence and cancer-specific mortality. At the present time decision making is based on individualized risk assessment, that takes into account patient and tumor clinical-pathological characteristics. New available tools, such as gene expression profiling, offer the potential to provide accurate prognostic and predictive information, but they require further validation. The present article provides an overview of current strategies in adjuvant breast cancer setting, and addresses a number of unresolved questions related to the role of taxanes, trastuzumab and hormonal treatment.
La Clinica terapeutica 07/2009; 160(4):299-306. · 0.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In patients locally progressing after two lines of chemotherapy, some locoregional approaches showed encouraging results in terms of local control of disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate toxicity, clinical response and quality of life in 48 patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases submitted to selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT).
Up to now 35 patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases, refractory to two lines of chemotherapy, underwent intra-arterial infusion of resin microspheres with yttrium-90 (SIR-spheres). Pre-treatment evaluation included a CT scan, blood tests, a PET scan and arteriography of celiac trunk, hepatic and superior mesenteric artery; extrahepatic uptakes and pulmonary shunts more than 10% were excluded by a Scinti-scan. The gastroduodenal artery was embolized before the SIR-spheres injection. Other exclusion criteria were liver dysfunction and anatomical vascular anomalies. The clinical response was evaluated by CT-scan following the RECIST criteria. Median follow-up was 4 months.
Median number of metastases was 4 (range, 1-15), 38% of cases presenting hepatic involvement < 25%. The median SIRT dose delivered was 1.7 GBq. Median pulmonary shunt was 6%. No operative mortality occurred; early toxicity (within 48 hours) was 20.6%, shown as fever, acute pain and leucocytosis. The late toxicity was 24.1% with chronic pain, jaundice and nausea being the most frequent. All the toxic events were graded 2 or 3 according to the WHO scale. Preliminary results were available in terms of clinical response after 6 weeks: 12.5% had a partial response, 75% a stable disease, while progression of disease, was observed in 12.5% of the patients.
SIRT is a safe treatment in terms of acute and late toxicity. Intra-arterial microspheres could represent a good therapeutic option for patients with progressing liver metastases only, after two lines of systemic chemotherapy.
In vivo (Athens, Greece) 11/2006; 20(6A):711-4. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The treatment of refractory metastatic breast cancer is primarily palliative, without a significant impact on overall survival. Among the innovative combinations in this unfavourable setting, paclitaxel and gemcitabine showed a possible synergistic action and an encouraging activity in some clinical trials. This phase II study was carried out to evaluate paclitaxel-gemcitabine combination in very heavily pretreated advanced breast cancer on a bi-weekly schedule.Thirty-nine women with advanced breast cancer were treated with paclitaxel 150 mg/m2 as 3 hrs infusion, and gemcitabine 1,500 mg/m2 as 30 mins infusion, both drugs administered on days 1, 15, with cycles repeated every 28 days. All but two patients received granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) on days 7 to 9 and 20 to 22 of every cycle. More than two third (71%) of the patients had previously received two or more chemotherapy regimens for advanced disease, including almost all active agents in this disease. Objective responses were observed in 18 out of 34 evaluable patients (53%; 95% CI, 36% to 70%). Disease remained stable in 7 patients (21%). Responses by sites were 67% in soft tissue and in bone, and 48% in visceral disease. Median time to progression and overall survival were 9 and 20 months, respectively. Treatment was well tolerated, with G3-4 neutropenia in 8%, and G 1-2 thrombocytopenia in 13% of the patients; non-hematological toxicities were mild, with G3 hepatotoxicity in 5% of the patients, and G3 peripheral neurotoxicity in 10% of the patients. Biweekly paclitaxel/gemcitabine combination with G-CSF support appears to be very active as salvage therapy in heavily pretreated breast cancer patients, with a very favourable safety profile.
Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 04/2006; 25(1):39-44. · 4.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this multicentre, randomised phase III trial were to evaluate: (1) the role of levamisol (LEV); and (2) the role of folinic acid (FA), added to 5-fluorouracil (5FU) in the adjuvant treatment of colorectal cancer. Patients with histologically proven, radically resected stage II or III colon or rectal cancer were eligible. The study had a 2x2 factorial design with four treatment arms: (a) 5FU alone, (b) 5FU+LEV, (c) 5FU+FA, (d) 5FU+LEV+FA, and two planned comparisons, testing the role of LEV and of FA, respectively. From March 1991, to September 1998, 1327 patients were randomised. None of the two comparisons resulted in a significant disease-free (DFS) or overall (OAS) survival advantage. The hazard ratio (HR) of relapse was 0.89 (95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.73-1.09) for patients receiving FA and 0.99 (95% CI 0.80-1.21) for those receiving LEV; corresponding HRs of death were 1.02 (95% CI: 0.80-1.30) and 0.94 (95% CI 0.73-1.20). Nonhaematological toxicity (all grade vomiting, diarrhoea, mucositis, congiuntivitis, skin, fever and fatigue) was significantly worse with FA, while all other toxicities were similar. In the present trial, there was no evidence that the addition of FA or LEV significantly prolongs DFS and OAS of radically resected colorectal cancer patients.
British Journal of Cancer 11/2005; 93(8):896-904. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6602800 · 4.84 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Docetaxel is a new agent with activity in metastatic gastric cancer. This phase II study was designed to evaluate the activity and safety of an epirubicin, cisplatin and docetaxel combination in patients with this disease.
Forty-six patients with gastric adenocarcinoma with measurable distant metastasis were eligible for the study. Patients received epirubicin 50 mg/m(2) and docetaxel 60 mg/m(2), on day 1, and cisplatin 60 mg/m(2) on day 2. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor 300 mug/day subcutaneously was given on days 5 and 6. Cycles were repeated every 3 weeks for a maximum of eight courses.
All patients were evaluable for response and toxicity. Two complete and 21 partial responses were observed, with an overall response rate of 50% [95% confidence interval (CI) 36% to 64%]. Stable disease was observed in 13 patients (28%) and progressive disease in 10 patients (22%). The median time to progression was 6 months (95% CI 5-7) and the median overall survival was 11.2 months (95% CI 8.5-13.9). Grade 3/4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia occurred in 46%, 7% and 13% of patients, respectively. There were five episodes of febrile neutropenia in four patients. Other grade 3 toxicities included mucositis in three patients (6.5%), vomiting in four patients (8.7%) and diarrhea in one patient (2%). There were no cardiac toxicity, severe neurotoxicity or treatment-related deaths.
The epirubicin, cisplatin and docetaxel combination is an active and well tolerated novel chemotherapy regimen for treating metastatic gastric cancer and deserves further evaluation in randomized studies.
Annals of Oncology 10/2005; 16(9):1498-502. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdi281 · 7.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antitumoral activity of different gemcitabine-based combination on an experimental model of human breast cancer, in order to identify the most effective treatment and to provide a rationale for clinical investigations. To this end, CG5 breast cancer cells were treated in vitro with gemcitabine followed by epirubicin, doxorubicin, docetaxel or paclitaxel. The reversed sequence was also investigated. Results, analyzed by multiple drug effect/combination index (CI) isobologram, demonstrated that the combination gemcitabine/paclitaxel was the most active showing synergism with a CI of about 0.5 in the two sequences employed. Moreover, the synergistic interaction of gemcitabine and paclitaxel was correlated to a block of the cells in the G0/G1 compartment of cell cycle and to an increase of apoptotic cells compared to each drug. Based on these evidences, the antitumoral efficacy of gemcitabine/paclitaxel combination has been studied in vivo. Mice bearing CG5 human breast xenografts treated with paclitaxel and gemcitabine in combination showed a significant higher inhibition of tumor growth (approximately 70%) compared to that with either agent alone (25%). In conclusion, this study suggests that paclitaxel is the most promising agent for combination protocols with gemcitabine and supports the use of gemcitabine/paclitaxel combination in the clinical management of advanced breast cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed this phase III study to compare the irinotecan, leucovorin (LV), and fluorouracil (FU) regimen (FOLFIRI) versus the oxaliplatin, LV, and FU regimen (FOLFOX4) in previously untreated patients with advanced colorectal cancer.
A total of 360 chemotherapy-naive patients were randomly assigned to receive, every 2 weeks, either arm A (FOLFIRI: irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) on day 1 with LV 100 mg/m(2) administered as a 2-hour infusion before FU 400 mg/m(2) administered as an intravenous bolus injection, and FU 600 mg/m(2) as a 22-hour infusion immediately after FU bolus injection on days 1 and 2 [LV5FU2]) or arm B (FOLFOX4: oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) on day 1 with LV5FU2 regimen).
One hundred sixty-four and 172 patients were assessable in arm A and B, respectively. Overall response rates (ORR) were 31% in arm A (95% CI, 24.6% to 38.3%) and 34% in arm B (95% CI, 27.2% to 41.5%; P = .60). In both arms A and B, median time to progression (TTP; 7 v 7 months, respectively), duration of response (9 v 10 months, respectively), and overall survival (OS; 14 v 15 months, respectively) were similar, without any statistically significant difference. Toxicity was mild in both groups: alopecia and gastrointestinal disturbances were the most common toxicities in arm A; thrombocytopenia and neurosensorial were the most common toxicities in arm B. Grade 3 to 4 toxicities were uncommon in both arms, and no statistical significant difference was observed.
There is no difference in ORR, TTP, and OS for patients treated with the FOLFIRI or FOLFOX4 regimen. Both therapies seemed effective as first-line treatment in these patients. The difference between these two combination therapies is mainly in the toxicity profile.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To verify the experience of the GOIM in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer patients with the FOLFIRI combination therapy.
Patients entered in three consecutive trials of the GOIM (protocols no. 9706, 9901, and 2301) were reported in this analysis. A total of 287 chemotherapy-naive patients were treated with FOLFIRI regimen: Irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) on day 1 with LV5FU2 regimen (LV at 100 mg/m(2) administered as a 2-hour infusion before FU at 400 mg/m(2) as an intravenous bolus injection, and FU at 600 mg/m(2) as a 22-hour infusion immediately after 5FU bolus injection on day 1 and 2); the treatment was repeated every 2 weeks.
287 patients entered in these three trials, and 264 (92%) were evaluable for response. The overall response rate was 34.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 29% to 40%). When only assessable patients were analyzed, overall response rate was 37% (95% CI: 31% to 43%). Median time to progression, median duration of response and survival were 7 months, 10.5 months and 14 months, respectively. All but three patients were evaluable for toxicity which was globally mild; grade 3-4 toxicity was uncommon, and gastrointestinal disturbances were the most common.
FOLFIRI regimen is effective and well-tolerated as first-line treatment in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Further studies needed to evaluate the improvement in results with the addition of new drugs to this combination therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This phase II study evaluated the efficacy and the tolerability of a sequential regimen of docetaxel followed by epirubicin-vinorelbine combination as first-line chemotherapy in advanced breast cancer.
Twenty-seven patients received docetaxel 100 mg/m2 (4 cycles) followed by 4 cycles of epirubicin 90 mg/m2 (day 1) combined with vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 (days 1 and 5), with cycles repeated every 3 weeks. G-CSF was administered during epirubicin-vinorelbine treatment.
There were 1 (3.7%) CR and 14 (51.9%) PR, for an overall response rate of 55.6% (95% CI, 36.9%-74.3%). Median time to response, time to progression and overall survival were 2, 9 and 25 months, respectively. The dose-limiting toxicity was neutropenia (grade 3 to 4 in 85% of the patients). There was one toxic death due to neutropenic fever. Gastrointestinal side-effects were generally mild According to the Simon two-stage design the response rate was considered unsatisfactory and patient accrual was terminated.
This sequential regimen appears to be moderately effective; possibly, a modulation of the treatment based on objective responses instead of a fixed number of cycles may be more appropriate in order to obtain better results.
Anticancer research 03/2005; 25(2B):1309-14. · 1.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The combination regimen CPT-11 plus bolus and infusion 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) with high-dose leucovorin (hybrid regimen LV5FU2) has been tested for activity and toxicity against advanced colorectal carcinoma in a randomised, multicenter phase II trial.
A total of 102 chemotherapy-naïve patients were randomised in a 1:2 fashion to receive: leucovorin 100 mg/m2 administered as a two-hour infusion before 5-FU 400 mg/m2 as an intravenous bolus, and FU 600 mg/m2 as a 22-hour infusion immediately after 5-FU bolus injection repeated on days 1 and 2 (LV5FU2 regimen, arm A, 34 patients) or CPT-11 at 180 mg/m2 (150 mg/m2 for patients of age > or = 70 and < 75 years) only on day 1 immediately before LV5FU2 therapy (LV5FU2 + CPT-11 regimen, arm B 68 patients). Both treatments were repeated every two weeks. The presence of a calibration arm assured consistency and more realistic evaluation of results achieved with the LV5FU2 + CTP-II regimen.
Thirty-three and sixty-four patients were evaluable in arm A and B, respectively. The overall response rate was 18% in arm A (95% CI: 7%-34%) and 40% in arm B (95% CI: 28%-52%). Median time to progression, median duration of response and survival were similar in both groups. Responders (CR + PR) survived statistically longer than non-responders only in arm B (20 vs. 10 months, P = 0.0016). All patients were evaluable for toxicity which was mild in both groups; gastrointestinal disturbances were the most common. There were no treatment-related deaths. Grade 3-4 toxicity was uncommon in both arms.
The addition of CPT-11 to the hybrid LV5FU2 regimen provided a significant overall response rate (40%) with relatively mild toxicity. The overall response rate was 18% in patients treated with LV5FU2 alone in the calibration arm. Thus, considering other encouraging data from the literature, the CPT-11 + FU-LV combination therapy can be regarded as a new, very effective treatment option for first-line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer patients.
Annals of Oncology 08/2000; 11(8):1045-51. DOI:10.1023/A:1008342928408 · 7.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the activity and toxicity of gemcitabine in locally advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma patients (pts).
Gemcitabine was administered on days 1, 8, 15 every 4 weeks at a dose of 1.000/1.250 mg/m2, respectively, in pretreated or not pretreated pts.
Eighteen pts entered this phase II trial; sixteen had been previously treated with anthracyclines and ifosfamide. A partial response was observed in a woman with fibrous malignant istocytoma, whereas in 7 pts the disease remained stable. Median time to progression was 4 months. The treatment was well tolerated. Grade 4 toxicity was not observed.
These results do not suggest that gemcitabine, in the dose and schedule used in this trial, may be of value in the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas.
La Clinica terapeutica 01/1999; 150(1):17-20. · 0.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We conducted a randomized trial to evaluate primarily the cardioprotective effect of dexrazoxane (DEX) in patients with advanced breast cancer and soft tissue sarcomas (STS) treated with high-dose epirubicin (EPI). We wished also to determine the value of radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) in the assessment of anthracycline cardiotoxicity.
Patients with breast cancer (n = 95) or STS (n = 34) received EPI 160 mg/m2 by intravenous (I.V.) bolus every 3 weeks with or without DEX 1,000 mg/m2 I.V. Cardiac monitoring included multigated radionuclide (MUGA) scans with determination of resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and RIS with indium 111 antimyosin monoclonal antibodies.
In either disease, antitumor response rates, time to progression, and survival did not significantly differ between the two arms. There was little difference in noncardiac toxicity for the two treatment groups. All methods of cardiac evaluation clearly documented the cardioprotective effect of DEX. Four patients developed congestive heart failure (CHF), all in the EPI arm. The decrease in LVEF from baseline was significantly greater in the control group. An abnormal antimyosin uptake was observed early in both arms and progressively increased during treatment. However, this increase was significantly higher in the EPI group (P = .004).
DEX significantly protects against the development of cardiotoxicity when high single doses of EPI are used. Apparently, there was no evidence of an adverse impact of DEX on antitumor activity. Although RIS is a sensitive technique in detecting anthracycline cardiac damage, its specificity is low and it cannot be considered a primary test for guiding anthracycline treatment.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/1998; 16(1):86-92. · 18.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare tumor whose prognosis is poor. We report a case history of a 57-year old woman with large peritoneal masses and ascites refractory to several chemotherapeutic regimens. The patient benefited of a dramatic regression of disease with symptomatic improvement during chemotherapy with gemcitabine. Serum CA-125 values declined consensually to tumor regression. The duration of response was 12 months. The activity of gemcitabine in malignant mesothelioma has been already confirmed in phase II studies. Data are also available suggesting that better results can be obtained combining this agent with cisplatin, and a multicenter phase II study is now exploring the activity of this combination.
La Clinica terapeutica 01/1998; 149(6):447-51. · 0.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed a randomized trial to evaluate the cardioprotective effect of dexrazoxane (DEX) in advanced breast cancer patients (ABC) treated with high single-dose epirubicin (EPI). A secondary objective was to determine the role of radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) in the assessment of epirubicin cardiotoxicity.
Ninety-five patients with ABC were treated with EPI 160 mg/m2 by i.v. bolus every 3 weeks with or without DEX, 1,000 mg/m2 i.v. Cardiac monitoring included multigated radionuclide (MUGA) scan with determination of resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and RIS with 111-Indium antimyosin monoclonal antibodies.
The overall response rate was 69% in the EPI arm and 67% in the EPI + DEX arm; median time to response and median time to progression were identical in both arms, being 2 and 8 months, respectively. Median survival was 19 months versus 29 months (p 0.21), respectively. DEX did not appear to contribute to extracardiac EPI toxicity. Congestive heart failure occurred only in the EPI arm (2 instances). LVEF significantly decreased from baseline only in the EPI group. An abnormal tracer uptake at RIS was observed early in both arms, but the increase in heart to lung ratio was much more evident in the control group.
DEX significantly protects against the development of high dose epirubicin cardiotoxicity apparently without evidence of an adverse impact on antitumor activity and non cardiac toxicity. RIS is a very sensitive technique in detecting anthracycline cardiac damage, but its specificity is low and cannot be considered alone a primary test for guiding anthracycline treatment.
La Clinica terapeutica 01/1998; 149(921):15-20. · 0.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of a sequential low-dose methotrexate (MTX) and 5-fluorouracil (5FU) regimen in the palliative treatment of patients with advanced colorectal cancer.
Enrolled in the study were patients with advanced colorectal cancer, refractory to 5FU + FA. Patients were treated with MTX 40 mg/m2 i.v. bolus d 1 and 8, 5FU 700 mg/m2 i.v. bolus d 2 and 9 (24 hours after MTX bolus). The cycle was repeated every 4 weeks.
48 patients entered the study, and 45 are evaluable. The overall response rate was 15% with 1 complete response and 6 partial responses. Eight patients obtained disease stabilization. Median time to progression was 9 months. Toxicity was mild. Grade 3 stomatitis was observed in 7 (15%) patients.
Sequential MTX/5FU is a well tolerated regimen with mild antitumor activity in refractory advanced colorectal patients.
La Clinica terapeutica 01/1998; 149(2):105-8. · 0.33 Impact Factor