Julien Toulouse

Polytech Paris-UPMC, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (49)103.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We explore the possibility of calculating electronic excited states by using perturbation theory along a range-separated adiabatic connection. Starting from the energies of a partially interacting Hamiltonian, a first-order correction is defined with two variants of perturbation theory: a straight-forward perturbation theory, and an extension of the G{\"o}rling--Levy one that has the advantage of keeping the ground-state density constant at each order in the perturbation. Only the first, simpler, variant is tested here on the helium and beryllium atoms and on the dihydrogene molecule. The first-order correction within this perturbation theory improves significantly the total ground-and excited-state energies of the different systems. However, the excitation energies are mostly deterio-rated with respect to the zeroth-order ones, which may be explained by the fact that the ionization energy is no longer correct for all interaction strengths. The second variant of the perturbation theory should improve these results but has not been tested yet along the range-separated adiabatic connection.
    12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a study of the variation of total energies and excitation energies along a range-separated adiabatic connection. This connection links the non-interacting Kohn-Sham electronic system to the physical interacting system by progressively switching on the electron-electron interactions whilst simultaneously adjusting a one-electron effective potential so as to keep the ground-state density constant. The interactions are introduced in a range-dependent manner, first introducing predominantly long-range, and then all-range, interactions as the physical system is approached, as opposed to the conventional adiabatic connection where the interactions are introduced by globally scaling the standard Coulomb interaction. Reference data are reported for the He and Be atoms and the H2 molecule, obtained by calculating the short-range effective potential at the full configuration-interaction level using Lieb's Legendre-transform approach. As the strength of the electron-electron interactions increases, the excitation energies, calculated for the partially interacting systems along the adiabatic connection, offer increasingly accurate approximations to the exact excitation energies. Importantly, the excitation energies calculated at an intermediate point of the adiabatic connection are much better approximations to the exact excitation energies than are the corresponding Kohn-Sham excitation energies. This is particularly evident in situations involving strong static correlation effects and states with multiple excitation character, such as the dissociating H2 molecule. These results highlight the utility of long-range interacting reference systems as a starting point for the calculation of excitation energies and are of interest for developing and analyzing practical approximate range-separated density-functional methodologies.
    The Journal of chemical physics. 07/2014; 141(4):044123.
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    ABSTRACT: We test the performance of a number of two- and one-parameter double-hybrid approximations, combining semilocal exchange-correlation density functionals with periodic local second-order Møller-Plesset (LMP2) perturbation theory, for calculating lattice energies of a set of molecular crystals: urea, formamide, ammonia, and carbon dioxide. All double-hybrid methods perform better on average than the corresponding Kohn-Sham calculations with the same functionals, but generally not better than standard LMP2. The one-parameter double-hybrid approximations based on the PBEsol density functional give lattice energies per molecule with an accuracy of about 6 kJ/mol, which is similar to the accuracy of LMP2. This conclusion is further verified on molecular dimers and on the hydrogen cyanide crystal.
    The Journal of chemical physics. 07/2014; 141(4):044105.
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    Tim Gould, Julien Toulouse
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    ABSTRACT: Within exact electron density-functional theory, we investigate Kohn-Sham (KS) potentials, orbital energies, and non-interacting kinetic energies of the fractional ions of Li, C and F. We use quantum Monte Carlo densities as input, which are then fitted, interpolated at non-integer electron numbers $N$, and inverted to produce accurate KS potentials $v_s^N(r)$. We study the dependence of the KS potential on $N$, and in particular we numerically confirm the existence of the theoretically predicted spatially constant discontinuity of $v_s^N(r)$ as $N$ passes through an integer. We further show that, for all the cases considered, the inner orbital energies and the non-interacting kinetic energy are nearly piecewise linear functions of $N$. This leads us to propose a simple approximation of the KS potential $v_s^N(r)$ at any fractional electron number $N$ which uses only quantities of the systems with the adjacent integer electron numbers.
    07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We explore several random phase approximation (RPA) correlation energy variants within the adiabatic-connection fluctuation-dissipation theorem approach. These variants differ in the way the exchange interactions are treated. One of these variants, named dRPA-II, is original to this work and closely resembles the second-order screened exchange (SOSEX) method. We discuss and clarify the connections among different RPA formulations. We derive the spin-adapted forms of all the variants for closed-shell systems, and test them on a few atomic and molecular systems with and without range separation of the electron-electron interaction.
    J. Chem. Theory Comput. 04/2014; 7(10).
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    Sidi M O Souvi, Kamal Sharkas, Julien Toulouse
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    ABSTRACT: We extend the previously proposed one-parameter double-hybrid density-functional theory [K. Sharkas, J. Toulouse, and A. Savin, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 064113 (2011)] to meta-generalized-gradient-approximation (meta-GGA) exchange-correlation density functionals. We construct several variants of one-parameter double-hybrid approximations using the Tao-Perdew-Staroverov-Scuseria (TPSS) meta-GGA functional and test them on test sets of atomization energies and reaction barrier heights. The most accurate variant uses the uniform coordinate scaling of the density and of the kinetic energy density in the correlation functional, and improves over both standard Kohn-Sham TPSS and second-order Møller-Plesset calculations.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 02/2014; 140(8):084107. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The alternative separation of exchange and correlation energies proposed by Toulouse et al. [Theor. Chem. Acc. 114, 305 (2005)] is explored in the context of multi-configuration range-separated density-functional theory. The new decomposition of the short-range exchange-correlation energy relies on the auxiliary long-range interacting wavefunction rather than the Kohn-Sham (KS) determinant. The advantage, relative to the traditional KS decomposition, is that the wavefunction part of the energy is now computed with the regular (fully interacting) Hamiltonian. One potential drawback is that, because of double counting, the wavefunction used to compute the energy cannot be obtained by minimizing the energy expression with respect to the wavefunction parameters. The problem is overcome by using short-range optimized effective potentials (OEPs). The resulting combination of OEP techniques with wavefunction theory has been investigated in this work, at the Hartree-Fock (HF) and multi-configuration self-consistent-field (MCSCF) levels. In the HF case, an analytical expression for the energy gradient has been derived and implemented. Calculations have been performed within the short-range local density approximation on H2, N2, Li2, and H2O. Significant improvements in binding energies are obtained with the new decomposition of the short-range energy. The importance of optimizing the short-range OEP at the MCSCF level when static correlation becomes significant has also been demonstrated for H2, using a finite-difference gradient. The implementation of the analytical gradient for MCSCF wavefunctions is currently in progress.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 10/2013; 139(13):134113. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Elisa Rebolini, Andreas Savin, Julien Toulouse
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    ABSTRACT: We study linear-response time-dependent density-functional theory (DFT) based on the single-determinant range-separated hybrid (RSH) scheme, i.e. combining a long-range Hartree-Fock exchange kernel with a short-range DFT exchange-correlation kernel, for calculating electronic excitation energies of molecular systems. It is an alternative to the long-range correction (LC) scheme which has a standard full-range DFT correlation kernel instead of only a short-range one. We discuss the local-density approximation (LDA) to the short-range exchange-correlation kernel, and assess the performance of the linear-response RSH scheme for singlet-singlet and singlet-triplet valence and Rydberg excitations in the N2, CO, H2CO, C2H4, and C6H6 molecules, and for the first charge-transfer excitation in the C2H4-C2F4 dimer. The introduction of long-range HF exchange corrects the underestimation of charge-transfer and high-lying Rydberg excitation energies obtained with standard (semi)local density-functional approximations, but also leads to underestimated excitation energies to low-lying spin-triplet valence states which can be cured by the Tamm-Dancoff approximation. This work thus suggests that the present linear-response RSH scheme is a reasonable starting approximation for describing electronic excitation energies, even before adding an explicit treatment of long-range correlation.
    Molecular Physics 07/2013; 111(9-11):1219-1234. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We assess a variant of linear-response range-separated time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT), combining a long-range Hartree-Fock (HF) exchange kernel with a short-range adiabatic exchange-correlation kernel in the local-density approximation (LDA) for calculating isotropic C6 dispersion coefficients of homodimers of a number of closed-shell atoms and small molecules. This range-separated TDDFT tends to give underestimated C6 coefficients of small molecules with a mean absolute percentage error of about 5%, a slight improvement over standard TDDFT in the adiabatic LDA which tends to overestimate them with a mean absolute percentage error of 8%, but close to time-dependent Hartree-Fock which has a mean absolute percentage error of about 6%. These results thus show that introduction of long-range HF exchange in TDDFT has a small but beneficial impact on the values of C6 coefficients. It also confirms that the present variant of range-separated TDDFT is a reasonably accurate method even using only a LDA-type density functional and without adding an explicit treatment of long-range correlation.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 05/2013; 138(19):194106. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Elisa Rebolini, Julien Toulouse, Andreas Savin
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    ABSTRACT: We review the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) approach to the calculation of electronic excitation energies of molecular systems. We recall the general Green's function many-theory formalism and give the working equations of the BSE approach within the static GW approximation with and without spin adaptation in an orbital basis. We apply the method to the pedagogical example of the H2 molecule in a minimal basis, testing the effects of the choice of the starting one-particle Green's function. Using the non-interacting one-particle Green's function leads to incorrect energy curves for the first singlet and triplet excited states in the dissociation limit. Starting from the exact one-particle Green's function leads to a qualitatively correct energy curve for the first singlet excited state, but still an incorrect energy curve for the triplet excited state. Using the exact one-particle Green's function in the BSE approach within the static GW approximation also leads to a number of additional excitations, all of them being spurious except for one which can be identified as a double excitation corresponding to the second singlet excited state.
    04/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a multiconfigurational hybrid density-functional theory which rigorously combines a multiconfiguration self-consistent-field calculation with a density-functional approximation based on a linear decomposition of the electron-electron interaction. This gives a straightforward extension of the usual hybrid approximations by essentially adding a fraction λ of exact static correlation in addition to the fraction λ of exact exchange. Test calculations on the cycloaddition reactions of ozone with ethylene or acetylene and the dissociation of diatomic molecules with the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof and Becke-Lee-Yang-Parr density functionals show that a good value of λ is 0.25, as in the usual hybrid approximations. The results suggest that the proposed multiconfigurational hybrid approximations can improve over usual density-functional calculations for situations with strong static correlation effects.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 07/2012; 137(4):044104. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    F R Petruzielo, Julien Toulouse, C J Umrigar
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    ABSTRACT: A quantum Monte Carlo study of the atomization energies for the G2 set of molecules is presented. Basis size dependence of diffusion Monte Carlo atomization energies is studied with a single determinant Slater-Jastrow trial wavefunction formed from Hartree-Fock orbitals. With the largest basis set, the mean absolute deviation from experimental atomization energies for the G2 set is 3.0 kcal/mol. Optimizing the orbitals within variational Monte Carlo improves the agreement between diffusion Monte Carlo and experiment, reducing the mean absolute deviation to 2.1 kcal/mol. Moving beyond a single determinant Slater-Jastrow trial wavefunction, diffusion Monte Carlo with a small complete active space Slater-Jastrow trial wavefunction results in near chemical accuracy. In this case, the mean absolute deviation from experimental atomization energies is 1.2 kcal/mol. It is shown from calculations on systems containing phosphorus that the accuracy can be further improved by employing a larger active space.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 03/2012; 136(12):124116. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We provide a rationale for a new class of double-hybrid approximations introduced by Brémond and Adamo [J. Chem. Phys. 135, 024106 (2011)] which combine an exchange-correlation density functional with Hartree-Fock exchange weighted by λ and second-order Møller-Plesset (MP2) correlation weighted by λ(3). We show that this double-hybrid model can be understood in the context of the density-scaled double-hybrid model proposed by Sharkas et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 134, 064113 (2011)], as approximating the density-scaled correlation functional E(c)[n(1/λ)] by a linear function of λ, interpolating between MP2 at λ = 0 and a density-functional approximation at λ = 1. Numerical results obtained with the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof density functional confirms the relevance of this double-hybrid model.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 09/2011; 135(10):101102. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We explore different variants of the random phase approximation to the correlation energy derived from closed-shell ring-diagram approximations to coupled cluster doubles theory. We implement these variants in range-separated density-functional theory, i.e., by combining the long-range random phase approximations with short-range density-functional approximations. We perform tests on the rare-gas dimers He(2), Ne(2), and Ar(2), and on the weakly interacting molecular complexes of the S22 set of Jurečka et al. [P. Jurečka, J. Šponer, J. Černý, and P. Hobza, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 1985 (2006)]. The two best variants correspond to the ones originally proposed by Szabo and Ostlund [A. Szabo and N. S. Ostlund, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4351 (1977)]. With range separation, they reach mean absolute errors on the equilibrium interaction energies of the S22 set of about 0.4 kcal/mol, corresponding to mean absolute percentage errors of about 4%, with the aug-cc-pVDZ basis set.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 08/2011; 135(8):084119. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: When using Hartree-Fock (HF) trial wave functions in quantum Monte Carlo calculations, one faces, in case of HF instabilities, the HF symmetry dilemma in choosing between the symmetry-adapted solution of higher HF energy and symmetry-broken solutions of lower HF energies. In this work, we have examined the HF symmetry dilemma in hydrogen rings which present singlet instabilities for sufficiently large rings. We have found that the symmetry-adapted HF wave function gives a lower energy both in variational Monte Carlo and in fixed-node diffusion Monte Carlo. This indicates that the symmetry-adapted wave function has more accurate nodes than the symmetry-broken wave functions, and thus suggests that spatial symmetry is an important criterion for selecting good trial wave functions.
    07/2011;
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    F R Petruzielo, Julien Toulouse, C J Umrigar
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    ABSTRACT: A simple yet general method for constructing basis sets for molecular electronic structure calculations is presented. These basis sets consist of atomic natural orbitals from a multiconfigurational self-consistent field calculation supplemented with primitive functions, chosen such that the asymptotics are appropriate for the potential of the system. Primitives are optimized for the homonuclear diatomic molecule to produce a balanced basis set. Two general features that facilitate this basis construction are demonstrated. First, weak coupling exists between the optimal exponents of primitives with different angular momenta. Second, the optimal primitive exponents for a chosen system depend weakly on the particular level of theory employed for optimization. The explicit case considered here is a basis set appropriate for the Burkatzki-Filippi-Dolg pseudopotentials. Since these pseudopotentials are finite at nuclei and have a Coulomb tail, the recently proposed Gauss-Slater functions are the appropriate primitives. Double- and triple-zeta bases are developed for elements hydrogen through argon. These new bases offer significant gains over the corresponding Burkatzki-Filippi-Dolg bases at various levels of theory. Using a Gaussian expansion of the basis functions, these bases can be employed in any electronic structure method. Quantum Monte Carlo provides an added benefit: expansions are unnecessary since the integrals are evaluated numerically.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 02/2011; 134(6):064104. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We consider the use in quantum Monte Carlo calculations of two types of valence bond wave functions based on strictly localized active orbitals, namely valence bond self-consistent-field and breathing-orbital valence bond wave functions. Complemented by a Jastrow factor, these Jastrow-valence-bond wave functions are tested by computing the equilibrium well depths of the four diatomic molecules C(2), N(2), O(2), and F(2) in both variational Monte Carlo and diffusion Monte Carlo. We show that it is possible to design compact wave functions based on chemical grounds that are capable of describing both static and dynamic electron correlations. These wave functions can be systematically improved by inclusion of valence bond structures corresponding to additional bonding patterns.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 02/2011; 134(8):084108. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    Kamal Sharkas, Julien Toulouse, Andreas Savin
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    ABSTRACT: We provide a rigorous derivation of a class of double-hybrid approximations, combining Hartree-Fock exchange and second-order Møller-Plesset correlation with a semilocal exchange-correlation density functional. These double-hybrid approximations contain only one empirical parameter and use a density-scaled correlation energy functional. Neglecting density scaling leads to a one-parameter version of the standard double-hybrid approximations. We assess the performance of these double-hybrid schemes on representative test sets of atomization energies and reaction barrier heights, and we compare to other hybrid approximations, including range-separated hybrids. Our best one-parameter double-hybrid approximation, called 1DH-BLYP, roughly reproduces the two parameters of the standard B2-PLYP or B2GP-PLYP double-hybrid approximations, which shows that these methods are not only empirically close to an optimum for general chemical applications but are also theoretically supported.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 02/2011; 134(6):064113. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report state-of-the-art quantum Monte Carlo calculations of the singlet $n \to \pi^*$ (CO) vertical excitation energy in the acrolein molecule, extending the recent study of Bouab\c{c}a {\it et al.} [J. Chem. Phys. {\bf 130}, 114107 (2009)]. We investigate the effect of using a Slater basis set instead of a Gaussian basis set, and of using state-average versus state-specific complete-active-space (CAS) wave functions, with or without reoptimization of the coefficients of the configuration state functions (CSFs) and of the orbitals in variational Monte Carlo (VMC). It is found that, with the Slater basis set used here, both state-average and state-specific CAS(6,5) wave functions give an accurate excitation energy in diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC), with or without reoptimization of the CSF and orbital coefficients in the presence of the Jastrow factor. In contrast, the CAS(2,2) wave functions require reoptimization of the CSF and orbital coefficients to give a good DMC excitation energy. Our best estimates of the vertical excitation energy are between 3.86 and 3.89 eV. Comment: 6 pages, 1 figure, 2 tables, to appear in Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics
    12/2010;
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    Daniel R. Rohr, Julien Toulouse, Katarzyna Pernal
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    ABSTRACT: We combine density-functional theory with density-matrix-functional theory to draw the best from both worlds. This is achieved by range separation of the electronic interaction which permits one to rigorously combine a short-range density functional with a long-range density-matrix functional. The short-range density functional is approximated by the short-range version of the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof functional (srPBE). The long-range density-matrix functional is approximated by the long-range version of the Buijse-Baerends functional (lrBB). The obtained srPBE+lrBB method accurately describes both the static and dynamic electron correlation at a computational cost similar to that of standard density-functional approximations. This is shown for the dissociation curves of the H2, LiH, BH, and HF molecules.
    Physical Review A 11/2010; 82(5). · 3.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

858 Citations
103.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • Polytech Paris-UPMC
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Stanford University
      • Department of Chemical Engineering
      Stanford, CA, United States
  • 2005–2013
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      • Laboratoire de Chimie Théorique (LCT - UMR 7616)
      Paris, Ile-de-France, France
  • 2007–2012
    • Cornell University
      • Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics
      Ithaca, NY, United States
  • 2010
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France