Soo-Ung Lee

Konkuk University Medical Center, Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea

Are you Soo-Ung Lee?

Claim your profile

Publications (15)21.03 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cryptosporidium parvum is a waterborne protozoan parasite that is found intracellularly in host animals, including humans, and causes severe diarrhea, which can lead to the death of an immunocompromised individual. Previously, we found that this organism is highly radioresistant as it can productively infect mice after exposure to a 10-kGy dose of γ-radiation. To understand how C. parvum avoids radiation damage, we characterized its protein expression patterns 6, 24, and 48 h after a 10-kGy dose of γ-radiation using two-dimensional PAGE. The gels showed 10 silver-stained spots that increased or decreased in size following γ-irradiation. Five proteins contained in these spots were identified using MALDI-TOF MS peptide fingerprinting, and two of these showed an increase in expression after γ-irradiation. These proteins were identified by LC-MS/MS as proteasome subunit alpha type 4 (NTN hydrolase fold) and thioredoxin peroxidase-like protein. The roles of these two upregulated proteins as related to the radioresistance of C. parvum remain to be evaluated.
    Experimental Parasitology 01/2011; 127(1):25-30. · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cryptosporidium parvum is a well-known waterborne intracellular protozoan that causes severe diarrheal illness in immunocompromised individuals. This organism is highly resistant to harsh environmental conditions and various disinfectants, and it exhibits one of the highest known resistances to gamma irradiation. We investigated rejoining of gamma-ray-induced DNA damage in C. parvum by neutral comet assay. Oocysts were gamma irradiated at various doses (1, 5, 10, and 25kGy) and were incubated for various periods (6-96h) after exposure to 10kGy. The comet tail moment showed that the number of DNA double-strand breaks increased concomitantly with the gamma irradiation dose. When investigating rejoining after irradiation at 10kGy, double-strand breaks peaked at 6h postirradiation, and rejoining was highest at 72h postirradiation. The observed rejoining pattern suggests that repair process occurs slowly even when complex DNA double-strand breaks in C. parvum were induced by high dose irradiation, 10kGy.
    Experimental Parasitology 07/2010; 125(3):230-5. · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Jae-Ran Yu, Soo-Ung Lee, Woo-Yoon Park
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Improved methods for detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in environmental and clinical samples are urgently needed to improve detection of cryptosporidiosis. We compared the sensitivity of 7 PCR primer sets for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum. Each target gene was amplified by PCR or nested PCR with serially diluted DNA extracted from purified C. parvum oocysts. The target genes included Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP), small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA), and random amplified polymorphic DNA. The detection limit of the PCR method ranged from 10(3) to 10(4) oocysts, and the nested PCR method was able to detect 10(0) to 10(2) oocysts. A second-round amplification of target genes showed that the nested primer set specific for the COWP gene proved to be the most sensitive one compared to the other primer sets tested in this study and would therefore be useful for the detection of C. parvum.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2009; 47(3):293-7. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Calcineurin is a Ca(2+)/Calmodulin activated Ser/Thr phosphatase that is well conserved from yeast to human. It is composed of catalytic subunit A (CnA) and regulatory subunit B (CnB). C. elegans homolog of CnA and CnB has been annotated to tax-6 and cnb-1, respectively and in vivo function of both genes has been intensively studied. In C. elegans, calcineurin play roles in various signaling pathways such as fertility, movement, body size regulation and serotonin-mediated egg laying. In order to understand additional signaling pathway(s) in which calcineurin functions, we screened for binding proteins of TAX-6 and found a novel binding protein, HLH-11. The HLH-11, a member of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins, is a putative counterpart of human AP4 transcription factor. Previously bHLH transcription factors have been implicated to regulate many developmental processes such as cell proliferation and differentiation, sex determination and myogenesis. However, the in vivo function of hlh-11 is largely unknown. Here, we show that hlh-11 is expressed in pharynx, intestine, nerve cords, anal depressor and vuvla muscles where calcineurin is also expressed. Mutant analyses reveal that hlh-11 may have role(s) in regulating body size and reproduction. More interestingly, genetic epistasis suggests that hlh-11 may function to regulate serotonin-mediated egg laying at the downstream of tax-6.
    Molecules and Cells 10/2009; 28(5):455-61. · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cryptosporidium parvum is a well-known waterborne and opportunistic intracellular protozoan parasite that causes diarrheal illness. In this study, we quantitatively investigated reduction of the infectivity of C. parvum after gamma irradiation and repair of the infectivity during incubation time after irradiation. C. parvum oocysts were subjected to gamma irradiation at various doses (1, 5, 10, and 25 kGy), and the in vitro infectivity was measured by real-time PCR every day up to 7 days after irradiation. The in vitro infectivity of C. parvum on human ileocecal adenocarcinoma cells (HCT-8) was effectively reduced (> 2 log(10)) by irradiation at 10 kGy or more. However, in the experiment to find out repair of the infectivity, recovery was not noted until day 7 post-incubation.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 04/2009; 47(1):7-11. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Soo-Ung Lee, Jae-Ran Yu, Sun Huh
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Excretory-secretory products of Toxocara canis larvae have been considered as a major functional antigen in immune responses against toxocariasis. We studied ultrastructural localization of T. canis second-stage larval antigen using a seropositive human serum under immunogold electron microscopy. High-density gold particles were observed in the secretory cells, excretory duct, intestinal epithelium, and cuticle of the larval worm sections. The distribution of the positive reactions in the larval worms suggests that the nature of the antigen is excretory-secretory antigen including waste metabolites and secretory enzymes.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 04/2009; 47(1):65-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cryptosporidium parvum is an organism that threatens public health in the water industry. It is critical to develop improved detection methods as well as disinfection methods for protecting against cryptosporidiosis, which is caused by C. parvum. In this study, we investigated the ability of pulsed-light irradiation at 200-900 nm to inactivate C. parvum. Absolute quantitative real-time PCR was performed with cDNA made from total RNA extracted from C. parvum oocysts or HCT-8 cells infected with C. parvum oocysts in vitro. C. parvum oocysts in 100-mL quartz flasks were positioned 20, 30, and 40 cm from the light source, and the duration of irradiation was either 5 or 60 s. The reductions in oocyst viability (4.9 log10) and infectivity (6 log10) were maximal when the C. parvum oocysts were irradiated 20 cm from the pulsed-light source for 60 s, for which the UV dose was 278 mJ/cm2. The minimum dose of pulsed-UV light required for effective reduction in C. parvum infectivity (2 log10) was 15 mJ/cm2, which was achieved by 5 s of irradiation at 30 cm from the light source. This study confirmed that short-duration pulsed-UV light is an effective disinfection measure for C. parvum.
    Parasitology Research 06/2008; 102(6):1293-9. · 2.85 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The validity of the CP2 gene of Cryptosporidium parvum as a viability marker was evaluated using absolute quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays. Total ribonucleic acid (RNA) was isolated from live and heat-killed C. parvum oocysts, and complementary deoxyribonucleic acid was synthesized and used as a template. The most accurate number of viable C. parvum oocysts was predicted when the CP2 gene was used as a target gene. The lower detection limit of the CP2 gene was ten oocysts, which was the most sensitive among examined target genes. With heat shock induction, only hsp70 messenger RNA (mRNA) was induced, and the predicted viable oocyst number was increased by heat shock for this marker. The CP2, hsp70, Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein, and beta-tubulin mRNAs were not detected in heat-killed oocysts, but the 18S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) showed heat stability until 48 h after heat killing. Although the 18S rRNA demonstrated the fastest response in crossing point (CP) value among the examined primer sets in qPCR, overestimation of viable oocysts was noted in the analysis with this gene. In conclusion, the CP2 gene was identified as the most sensitive, reliable, and accurate candidate of a viability marker of C. parvum by qPCR evaluation.
    Parasitology Research 03/2008; 102(3):381-7. · 2.85 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Jae-Ran Yu, Soo-Ung Lee
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We observed the time gap between oocyst shedding and antibody responses in mice (3-week-old C57BL/6J females) infected with Cryptosporidium parvum. Oocyst shedding was verified by modified acid-fast staining. The individually collected mouse sera were assessed for C. parvum IgM and IgG antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay from 5 to 25 weeks after infection. The results showed that C. parvum oocysts were shed from day 5 to 51 post-infection (PI). The IgM antibody titers to C. parvum peaked at week 5 PI, whereas the IgG antibody titers achieved maximum levels at week 25 PI. The results revealed that IgM responses to C. parvum infection occurred during the early stage of infection and overlapped with the oocyst shedding period, whereas IgG responses occurred during the late stage and was not correlated with oocyst shedding. Hence, IgM antibody detection may prove helpful for the diagnosis of acute cryptosporidiosis, and IgG antibody detection may prove effective for the detection of past infection and endemicity.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2007; 45(3):225-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Soo-Ung Lee, Ha-Chung Chun, Sun Huh
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The phylogenic relationships existing among 14 parasitic Platyhelminthes in the Republic of Korea were investigated via the use of the partial 28S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) D1 region and the partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (mCOI) DNA sequences. The nucleotide sequences were analyzed by length, G + C %, nucleotide differences and gaps in order to determine the analyzed phylogenic relationships. The phylogenic patterns of the 28S rDNA D1 and mCOI regions were closely related within the same class and order as analyzed by the PAUP 4.0 program, with the exception of a few species. These findings indicate that the 28S rDNA gene sequence is more highly conserved than are the mCOI gene sequences. The 28S rDNA gene may prove useful in studies of the systematics and population genetic structures of parasitic Platyhelminthes.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2007; 45(3):181-9. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Soo-Ung Lee, Sun Huh
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We postulated that apolysis was processed in accordance with apoptotic changes occurring in a cestode, Spirometra erinacei (Pseudophyllidea). We cloned the novel putative apoptosis-associated gene from S. erinacei via screening of a S. erinacei cDNA library with a ced-3 gene (activator of apoptosis) probe from Caenorhabditis elegans. We identified a 261-bp cDNA sequence, which encodes for an 86-amino acid protein. The cloned gene expression was observed in the neck and gravid proglottids via Northern blotting, using cloned cDNA inserts as probes, but the clone was not expressed in any of other tissues. We suggest that this gene may be involved in the apolysis of S. erinacei during normal tissue development and differentiation in cestode parasites.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2006; 44(3):233-7. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Soo-Ung Lee, Sun Huh
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We compared the DNA sequence difference of isolates of Clonorchis sinensis from one Korean (Kimhae) and two Chinese areas (Guangxi and Shenyang). The sequences of nuclear rDNA (18S, internal transcribed spacer 1 and 2: ITS1 and ITS2) and mitochondrial DNA (cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1: cox1) were compared. A very few intraspecific nucleotide substitution of the 18S, ITS1, ITS2 and cox1 was found among three isolates of C. sinensis and a few nucleotide insertion and deletion of ITS1 were detected. The 18S, ITS1, ITS2 and cox1 sequences were highly conserved among three isolates. These findings indicated that the Korean and two Chinese isolates are similar at the DNA sequence level.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2004; 42(3):145-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We compared the DNA sequences of the genus Metagonimus: M. yokogawai, M. takahashii, and M. miyatai. We obtained 28S D1 ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (mtCOI) fragments from the adult worms by PCR, that were cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic relationships inferred from the nucleotide sequences of the 28S D1 rDNA and mtCOI gene. M. takahashii and M. yokogawai are placed in the same clade supported by DNA sequence and phylogenic tree analysis in 28S D1 rDNA and mtCOI gene region. The above findings tell us that M. takahashii is closer to M. yokogawai than to M. miyatai genetically. This phylogenetic data also support the nomination of M. miyatai as a separate species.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2004; 42(3):129-35. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Soo-Ung Lee, Sun Huh, Woon-Mok Sohn
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the molecular phylogenic location of Plagiorchis muris, 28S D1 ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (mtCOI) were sequenced and compared with other trematodes in the family Plagiorchiidae. The 28S D1 tree of P. muris was found to be closely related to those of P. elegans and other Plagiorchis species. And, the mtCOI tree also showed that P. muris is in a separate clade with genus Glypthelmins. These results support a phylogenic relationship between members of the Plagiorchiidae, as suggested by morphologic features.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 07/2004; 42(2):71-5. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the sero-prevalence of toxocariasis among healthy Korean adults in 1999. A total of 314 sera from normal inhabitants in Whachon-gun, Gangwondo, Korea was examined for specific antibody levels against excretory-secretory products of second stage larvae of Toxocara (TES). The presence of cross-reactions with other helminthiases such as cysticercosis, paragonimiasis, sparganosis or clonorchiasis was also checked by specific IgG ELISA. Sera showing positive reaction against TES were also tested by IgG immunoblot and by IgE ELISA. Out of 314 subjects, 16 was found to be positive by TES IgG ELISA and immunoblot, among whom 12 were also positive by TES IgE ELISA. Among the 16 seropositive samples, two sera showed positive reaction against Paragonimus and sparganum antigen, respectively. These results inferred that cross-reactions were negligible between toxocariasis and other helminthiases. Toxocariasis seroprevalence among Korean rural adults was detected to be approximately 5%.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2002; 40(3):113-7. · 0.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

104 Citations
21.03 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2011
    • Konkuk University Medical Center
      Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2007–2009
    • Konkuk University
      • School of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2006
    • Hallym University
      • College of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea