B Filleul

Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, BRU, Belgium

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Publications (3)19.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Infection is a common adverse event after therapy with nucleoside analogs, including 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (CdA). However, the incidence of CdA-related infections has been poorly documented. In this study we compare, in the same patient population, the incidence of infectious episodes during the 6-month period before CdA to their incidence during the 6 months after initiating therapy. Ninety-five patients with hematological malignancies were studied. The incidence of infectious episodes almost doubled after CdA (0.87 vs. 0.47 during the pre-CdA period). The following factors were associated with an increased risk of infection after therapy: a history of previous chemotherapy, infection during the pre-CdA period and a diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia or of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Age, neutrophil and lymphocyte count at onset of CdA and time interval between diagnosis and therapy with CdA did not correlate with the infectious risk. The pattern of infections was modified after therapy with an increase of herpes virus infections ( 1 vs. 8 episodes, p=0.04) and of fever of unknown origin (6 vs. 17 episodes, p=0.03). In conclusion, a population at high risk for developing infectious complications after CdA therapy can be identified. Specific measures aimed at reducing the incidence of infectious events should concentrate on this population.
    European Journal Of Haematology 05/1996; 56(4):235-40. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the use of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in monitoring treatment response in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Bulk T1 and T2 were determined with at least four MR imaging examinations (strictly timed) during the first 6 weeks of treatment in 29 patients with AML (age range, 16-75 years; 15 female, and 14 male). Bulk T1 and T2 in responder (n = 22) and nonresponder (n = 7) patients were compared. Relative to pretreatment bulk T1 values, bulk T1 had increased a mean of 11% at week 1 and had decreased a mean of 7% and 39% at weeks 2 and 6, respectively. Values in nonresponder patients were not statistically significantly different (+11%, -14%, -38%). MR imaging of lumbar bone marrow in patients with AML demonstrated statistically significant changes in bulk T1 during treatment that correlated with changes in cellularity. However, neither the early increase in bulk T1 nor the rate or magnitude of the subsequent decrease in bulk T1 were indicative of a positive response to treatment.
    Radiology 11/1995; 197(1):301-5. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The nucleoside analog 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) has recently emerged as a most promising treatment for hair-cell leukemia (HCL). The response rates are high regardless of prior therapy, and the duration of complete responses (CR) after a single course of treatment is longer than with any other therapeutic agent. We investigated the presence of minimal residual disease (MRD) in ten HCL patients treated in our institution with 2-CdA. The presence of residual leukemic cells was investigated in patients in CR following one course of treatment, using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and heavy-chain immunoglobulin genes (IgH), or TCR delta derived clonospecific probes. Eight patients achieved a complete remission after a single course of treatment, as evaluated at 6 months. Among these patients, seven are still in CR with a median follow-up of 12 months (range, 6-20 months) and one has relapsed after 15 months. Using PCR, all the evaluable patients remaining in CR showed persistent evidence of detectable MRD with no sign of decrease over the observation period. From this small series, we conclude that a single course of 2-CdA does not eradicate HCL and that persistence of residual leukemic cells appears to be common in patients in complete morphologic remission. Whether persistence of MRD will have an impact on long-term outcome, or whether HCL patients in morphologic CR with persistent MRD will remain so, is a matter of longer follow-up.
    Leukemia 08/1994; 8(7):1153-6. · 10.16 Impact Factor