K R Abbasova

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Moscow, Russia

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Publications (11)5.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: According to the focal cortical theory of absence epilepsy, spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) have a cortical focal origin in the perioral region of the somatosensory cortex in rats. In the present study the role of peripheral afferents of the perioral (snout) region in the occurrence of spontaneous SWDs was investigated in the WAG/Rij (Wistar Albino Glaxo from Rijswijk) rat model of absence epilepsy in order to examine whether an input from peripheral sources is imperative for the occurrence of SWDs. Twelve male WAG/Rij rats were chronically equipped with cortical EEG electrodes. Peripheral afferents of the perioral region of the snout nervus trigeminus were pharmacologically blocked with a local injection of 2% Novocain, a blockade of nervus facialis and saline injections were used as controls. ECoGs were recorded before and after bilateral injection of the drug. Blockade of the n. trigeminus decreased the incidence and duration of SWD, while similar injections with Novocain near the n. facialis had no effect. Injections with saline were also not effective. Our data demonstrate that intact peripheral afferent input may be primarily involved in the initiation of SWDs. It suggests that the cortico-thalamo-cortical circuits need the peripheral stimulations from the snout and vibrissae for an initiation of the spontaneous SWDs.
    Brain research 10/2010; 1366:257-62. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peculiarities of the formation of primary and mirror (contralateral) epileptic focuses were studied using the model of focal cobalt-induced epilepsy of rabbits. The time intervals for the formation of primary and secondary epileptic focuses in the frontal cerebral cortex of rabbits and generalization of seizure activity were investigated. Fractal analysis was used for evaluation of the electric activity of the cerebral cortex. The antiseizure activity of the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was examined after its intranasal administration in the concentrations of 10−12 and 10−9 mol/l. The inhibitory effect of TRH at the concentration studied on the current cobalt-induced epileptic activity of the brain was demonstrated. However, a significant increase in epileptic activity was observed after the intravenous injection of rabbits by TRH in the doses of 25, 50, and 100μg/kg.
    Neurochemical Journal 01/2008; 2(1):58-68. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacology of Korean Red ginseng gives us unique possibility to develop new class of antiepileptic drugs today and to improve one's biological activity. The chemical structures of ginsenosides (GS) have some principal differences from well-known antiepileptic new generation drugs. The antiepileptic effect of GS was also demonstrated in all models of epilepsy in rats (young and adult), which have studied, in all models of epilepsy including status epilepticus (SE), induced by lithium - pilocarpine. In our experiments in rats new evidences on protective effects were exerted as a result of premedication by GS. Pre-treatment of several GS could induce decrease of the seizures severity and brain structural damage (by MRI), neuronal degeneration in hippocampus. Wave nature of severity of motor seizures during convulsive SE was observed during lithium-pilocarpine model of SE in rats (the first increase of seizures was 30 min after the beginning of SE and the second - 90 min after. The efficacy of treatment on SE by ginsenoside as expected was observed after no less 3 weeks by daily GS i.p. administration. It is blocked SE or significantly decrease the severity of seizures during SE. The implication of presented data is that combination of ginsenosides from Korean Red ginseng and ginseng cell culture Dan25 that could be applied for prevention of epileptical status development. However, a development of optimal ratio of different ginsenosides Rc, Rg, Rf,) should consummate in the new antiepileptic drug development.
    Journal of ginseng research 01/2007; 31(3). · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • Epilepsia. 01/2006;
  • Experimental Brain Research - EXP BRAIN RES. 01/2004;
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    ABSTRACT: Thyroliberin (TRH) promoting endogenous antidepressive effect is the most general regulator of the central mechanisms and visceral functions (especially respiration). Our group pioneered in applying the anticonvulsant action of TRH after local intranasal application. This application TRH in ultra-low doses contrast the method of systemic TRH administration (i.v., i.m. or oral in the large doses--mg). In our experiments intranasal application of 10(-9) M, 10(-10) M and 10(-12) M TRH significantly inhibited the severe epileptic motor fits in rats induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). Beneficent effect of TRH is also confirmed by EEG (TRH suppressed SWD in cortex, amygdala and hippocamp). In the experiment that follows compared effects of TRH (pyroGlu-His-Pro-NH2) and its metabolite dipeptide cHis-Pro-NH2 (10(-10) M, 10(-5) M). The experiments make more precise that only TRH but not His-Pro posses the anticonvulsant properties. There is a good believe that medical potentialities of TRH have not been exhausted and its new possibilities of its usage will be revealed in epileptology.
    Uspekhi fiziologicheskikh nauk 01/2002; 33(1):29-39.
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    ABSTRACT: In this work polyfunctional peripheral (pancreas) and central effects of galanin 1-29 (gal.) were reviewed. In hypothalamus gal. exerts neuroendocrine effects through modulation of secretion of principal hormones of hypophysis, co-localized with acetylcholine in some brain structures including hippocampus. Gal. influences behaviour and memory. Newest hypotheses of T. Hokfelt and J. N. Crawely [correction of G. Crowly] on the involvement of gal. to pathogenesis of in Alzheimer disease and possibilities of its clinical antiamnestic utility are discussed. Our own data indicates antiseizure effect of gal. in the model of febrile convulsions in children--hyperthermia induced seizures in neonatal rats in the age from 5 to 13 days. Systemic intraperitoneal administration of gal. was effective in certain age--7-11 days of postnatal period--in preventing hyperthermia induced seizures: in increased by 2-3 times latency of minimal seizures and clonic-tonic generalized seizures. In adults rats gal. showed antiseizure action when administered intranasal in the model of pentilenetetrazol seizures (modified test with repeated administration of subthreshold doses). Modern data on structure and function of galanin, its chimeric analogs and galanin receptors receptors are discussed.
    Uspekhi fiziologicheskikh nauk 01/1997; 28(2):3-20.
  • Zhurnal vysshei nervnoi deiatelnosti imeni I P Pavlova 47(3):601-4. · 0.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the late 90-s of the previous century the American Society of Epileptologists defined a priority for research as "possibilities to predict a seizure, early determinate and reduct". A method, which would allow the prediction of epileptical seizure's onset based on the EEG data registered with the patient with an epilepsy disease, would also allow implementing the new approach to treatment. If it became reliably possible to predict a moment of seizure, based on the EEG dynamics, one could create an automated closed loop system to prevent a seizure. In the article a number of works regarding this subject were reviewed. Also own results were discussed which were derived from analyses of brain electrical activity of rats with absence epilepsy and with the use of own developed software. Moreover specifics of absence initiation and course were discussed, as well as formation mechanism of thalamus-cortical loop, existing abilities of reduction not only absences, but also cognitive and emotional dissociations. Also described results of analyses of the EEG time series, that were derived by computation of correlation dimension with own developed software.
    Uspekhi fiziologicheskikh nauk 41(4):27-44.
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    ABSTRACT: Thyroliberin (TRH) promoting endogeneous antidepressive effect is the most general regulator of the central mechanisms and visceral functions (especially respiration). Our group pioneered in applying the anticonvulsant action of TRH after local intranasal application). This application of TRH in ultra-low doses contrast the method of systemic TRH administration in the large doses). In our experiments intranasal application of 10(-8), 10(-10) and 10(-12) mol/l TRH significantly inhibited the severe epileptic motor fits in rats induced by PTZ. EEG also confirms beneficent effect of TRH (TRH suppressed SWD in cortex, amygdala and hippocamp). In the experiment that follows compared effects of TRH (pyroGlu-His-Pro-NH2) and its metabolite dipeptide His-Pro (10(-10), 10(-8) mol/l). The experiments make more precise that only TRH but not His-Pro posses the anticonvulsant properties. There is a good believe that medical potentialities of TRH have not been exhausted and its new possibilities of its usage will be revealed in epileptology.
    Radiatsionnaia biologiia, radioecologiia / Rossiĭskaia akademiia nauk 43(3):324-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Brain damage and neuronal loss caused by traumatic brain injury, ischemic stroke, and symptomatic status epilepticus can lead to severe long-term consequences, such as impairment in learning and memory and cognitive functions, and development of chronic epilepsy. This can be the result of morphologic and functional changes underlying temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy patients have increased risk of status epilepticus. It is a life-threatening condition when seizures last for more than 30 min and trigger processes leading to neuronal apoptosis and necrosis in various parts of brain. Administration of neuroprotective drugs preventing these pathologic processes could improve the prognosis for such patients. However despite of active research of neuroprotective drugs, the effective ways to prevent brain damage resulting from prolonged seizures are yet to be found. Studies of neuroprotective properties of classic and novel anticonvulsant drugs showed that most of them do not have the sufficient neuroprotective effect and are not able to prevent epileptogenesis. Thus the studies of other potential neuroprotective drugs seem to be promising.
    Uspekhi fiziologicheskikh nauk 43(2):55-71.