V Manfrin

San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Veneto, Italy

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Publications (29)89.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In Italy, off-label drug use has been forbidden since 1998. However, Italian law allows off-label treatment for single cases only if treatment is considered irreplaceable, and completely under physician responsibility. To assess the consequences of such regulations for the infectious diseases specialist, we listed the indications of intravenous and oral antibiotics available in our hospital pharmacy service, and discussed them in a pool of nine infectious diseases specialists. Indications were compared with the recommended treatment of major bacterial syndromes as suggested by the major guidelines and textbooks. We found that standard treatment for several bacterial infections is off-label. The pool of specialists concluded that some off-label use of antibiotics is vital to daily practice in infectious diseases. Scientific societies should promote guidelines as the standard reference for good clinical practice, which should not be based only on the respect of drug labels.
    Le infezioni in medicina: rivista periodica di eziologia, epidemiologia, diagnostica, clinica e terapia delle patologie infettive 02/2009; 16(4):212-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Prevalence and impact of occult HBV infection in HIV positive patients is controversial. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of occult HBV infection and its impact on histological and virological parameters. 52 HIV/HCV (but HBsAg-negative) co-infected patients, 29 HBsAg and anti-HCV negative chronic hepatitis, and 20 HBsAg positive chronic hepatitis controls were studied. DNA was extracted from frozen biopsies and amplified with primers for S, C and X regions, and for (ccc) HBV-DNA. Sera were tested for HBV-DNA with two quantitative assays (Cobas Amplicor HBV Monitor, and the real-time COBAS (r) Taqman HBV Test, Roche Diagnostics, UK). Occult HBV infection was detected in 7 (13.4%) liver biopsies of the study group, and in none case of the non viral chronic hepatitis group (p=0.04). All serum samples were HBV-DNA negative with Cobas Amplicor HBV monitor assay, while 3 cases were found positive with real time PCR. Statistical analysis didn't show any impact of occult HBV infection on liver histology, CD4+ cells count, HIV and HCV load, and ALT levels. Occult B infection is relatively frequent in HIV/HCV co-infected patients, and is underestimated by common HBV-DNA serological assays. However, it doesn't seem to exert a relevant impact.
    Current HIV research 04/2008; 6(2):173-9. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prevalence and impact of occult HBV infection in HIV positive patients is controversial. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of occult HBV infection and its impact on histological and virological parameters. 52 HIV/HCV (but HBsAg-negative) co-infected patients, 29 HBsAg and anti-HCV negative chronic hepatitis, and 20 HBsAg positive chronic hepatitis controls were studied. DNA was extracted from frozen biopsies and amplified with primers for S, C and X regions, and for (ccc) HBV-DNA. Sera were tested for HBV-DNA with two quantitative assays (Cobas Amplicor HBV Monitor, and the real-time COBAS (r) Taqman HBV Test, Roche Diagnostics, UK). Occult HBV infection was detected in 7 (13.4%) liver biopsies of the study group, and in none case of the non viral chronic hepatitis group (p=0.04). All serum samples were HBV-DNA negative with Cobas Amplicor HBV monitor assay, while 3 cases were found positive with real time PCR. Statistical analysis didn't show any impact of occult HBV infection on liver histology, CD4+ cells count, HIV and HCV load, and ALT levels. Occult B infection is relatively frequent in HIV/HCV co-infected patients, and is underestimated by common HBV-DNA serological assays. However, it doesn't seem to exert a relevant impact.
    Current HIV Research 02/2008; 6(2):173-179. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    Infez Med. 2008 Dec;16(4):212-8. 01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence and impact of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in HIV-positive patients and to establish the relationship between C. pneumoniae infection and lipid profile. Detection of C. pneumoniae was by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) collected from 97 HIV-positive patients. Samples were collected after overnight fast in EDTA-treated tubes. On the same day, patients were also tested for routine chemistry, HIV viral load, CD3, CD8 and CD4 cell counts and lipid profile [cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) and triglycerides]. The overall prevalence of C. pneumoniae was 39%. The prevalence of C. pneumoniae was inversely related to the CD4 lymphocyte count (P=0.03). In the naive group, C. pneumoniae-positive patients had both significantly higher HIV load (71 021+/-15 327 vs. 14 753+/-14 924 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL; P=0.03) and lower CD4 cell count (348.0+/-165.4 vs. 541.7+/-294.8; P=0.04) than C. pneumoniae-negative patients. Moreover, treatment-naive patients with C. pneumoniae infection had significantly higher mean levels of cholesterol (185.3+/-56.2 vs. 124.8+/-45.9 mg/dL; P=0.01), triglycerides (117.2+/-74.7 vs. 68+/-27.6 mg/dL; P=0.04) and LDL (122.4+/-60.1 vs. 55.6+/-58 mg/dL; P=0.05) than C. pneumoniae-negative patients. These data indicate that, in HIV-positive subjects, C. pneumoniae infection is relatively frequent and is associated with both low CD4 cell count and high HIV load. Furthermore, C. pneumoniae appears to be associated with hyperlipidaemia and might therefore represent a further risk factor for cardiovascolar disease in HIV-positive patients.
    HIV Medicine 02/2005; 6(1):27-32. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This report describes the characterisation of a mycobacterium involved in a case of septic arthritis in an AIDS patient that was treated successfully with specific anti-mycobacterial drugs. The biochemical and cultural features, and the mycolic acid pattern as assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography, were fully compatible with the isolate being Mycobacterium flavescens. However, the isolate's 16S rDNA sequence differed by five nucleotides from the two known sequevars of M. flavescens, thus indicating that this isolate belonged to a new 16S rDNA sequevar.
    Clinical Microbiology and Infection 12/2004; 10(11):1017-9. · 4.58 Impact Factor
  • Luca Lazzarini, Vinicio Manfrin, Fausto De Lalla
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    ABSTRACT: We describe the case of a patient with chronic monocytic leukemia who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) for hip arthrosis. The patient has a history of Candida albicans arthritis of the same joint 5 months before THA surgery. Seven months after the prosthetic joint surgery, the patient developed a C albicans prosthetic infection that was successfully treated with amphotericin B and prosthesis removal. At surgery, the patient was believed cured of the candidal infection. Risk of infection after prosthetic joint surgery in patients with previous fungal joint infections has not been fully investigated. A lengthy infection-free follow-up period is probably necessary but may not be sufficient to prevent the occurrence of postoperative infections in these patients.
    The Journal of Arthroplasty 03/2004; 19(2):248-52. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a recognized cause of circulating cryoglobulins, the role of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the pathogenesis of cryoglobulinemia has not been investigated extensively. To evaluate the prevalence of circulating cryoglobulins and to assess the relationship with clinical and virological parameters, 162 HIV-positive subjects (84 anti-HCV(+)) were tested for cryoglobulins, C3, C4, RF, autoantibodies, HIV-viral titer, and CD4(+) count. Anti-HCV-positive subjects were tested for HCV-RNA, HCV-viral titer, and HCV genotype. All patients were examined for the presence of signs or symptoms of vasculitis and tested for cryoglobulins using a standard biochemical assay. Cryoglobulins were found in 30 (18.5%) cases. Of the 30 positive cases, 29 (96.7%) were anti-HCV-positive and 28 (93.3%) HCV-RNA-positive. The presence of cryoglobulins was significantly associated (P < 0.01) with HCV-RNA positivity (OR = 27), liver cirrhosis (OR = 16), decreased levels of C3 (OR = 8.6), C4 (OR = 13.6), increased levels of IgG and IgM (OR = 6.1 and 7.9, respectively), and RF positivity (OR = 6.3), but was unrelated to CD4(+) cell count, HIV viral load, diagnosis of AIDS, HCV viral load and the presence of autoantibodies. Interestingly, the presence of cryoglobulins was not significantly associated with signs and symptoms commonly associated with cryoglobulinemia. In conclusion, HIV infection does not seem to play a significant role in the production of circulating cryoglobulins, which strongly correlates with HCV co-infection and liver cirrhosis. Typical signs and symptoms of cryoglobulinemia do not correlate with the detection of circulating cryoglobulins in HIV and HCV patients.
    Journal of Medical Virology 03/2003; 69(3):339-43. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between serum parameters of gastric function and Helicobacter pylori infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients is almost unknown. To investigate in HIV-infected patients: (i) the relationship between serum gastrin and serum pepsinogens over the progressive phases of HIV-related disease; (ii) the impact of H. pylori infection on gastrin and pepsinogen serum levels and its relation to antral histology; (iii) the prevalence of parietal cell autoantibodies. Fifty-nine HIV-positive patients were studied by upper endoscopy plus gastric antral biopsy. Serum samples were tested for gastrin, pepsinogen A, pepsinogen C and parietal cell autoantibodies. In patients without overt acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), or with a CD4+ count of > 100 x 10(6) cells/L, mean serum levels of gastrin and pepsinogen C were higher than in subjects with AIDS or with a CD4+ count of < 100 x 10(6) cells/L (P < 0.01). Only one patient was found to be positive for parietal cell autoantibodies. H. pylori infection was associated with increased values of gastrin and pepsinogen C only in HIV-positive patients without AIDS or with a CD4+ count of > 100 x 10(6) cells/L. Atrophy was more frequent in patients with overt AIDS than in those without overt AIDS (57% vs. 33%, P=N.S.), and/or in patients with a CD4+ count of < 100 x 10(6) cells/L than in those with a CD4+ count of > 100 x 10(6) cells/L (62% vs. 26%, P < 0.05). HIV-positive patients without overt AIDS have increased serum levels of gastrin and pepsinogen C compared with HIV-positive patients with overt AIDS.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 04/2002; 16(4):807-11. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of osteomyelitis requires prolonged hospital stay, lengthy antibiotic therapy and adequate surgical debridement. Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) is a new approach to reduce patient discomfort and hospital costs. Teicoplanin, a glycopeptide antibiotic with a long half-life (72 hours), is one of the most useful drugs for OPAT. We performed a pilot study to assess the safety and efficacy of three-times weekly teicoplanin in the treatment of methicillin-resistant (MR) acute staphylococcal osteomyelitis. Ten patients with acute post-traumatic osteomyelitis were enrolled. Pathogens were MR Staphylococcus aureus (5 patients) and MR coagulase-negative staphylococci (5 patients). After a loading dose of 400 mg b.i.d. for 3 days, patients were treated with an intravenous dose of 1000 mg on Mondays and Wednesdays and with a 1200 mg dose on Fridays. Teicoplanin trough levels were maintained within a 10 to 20 mg/L range. If hardware removal had been possible at enrollment, treatment was carried out for at least 4 weeks. If, on the contrary, hardware removal had not been possible, teicoplanin was administered as suppressive therapy until hardware removal. Treatment was successfully performed in 9 out of 10 patients, whereas in one patient only improvement was achieved. Side effects were not recorded. Three times weekly teicoplanin seems to be a valuable option in the treatment of acute MR staphylococcal osteomyelitis. Further studies are warranted in order to better define the role of this new administration schedule in this field.
    Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) 03/2002; 14(1):71-5. · 0.83 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology - J HEPATOL. 01/2002; 36:162-163.
  • JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 10/2000; 25(1):92-3. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    Clinical Infectious Diseases 02/2000; 30(1):210-1. · 9.37 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Microbiology and Infection 10/1999; 5(9):567-570. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 08/1999; 94(7):1990-1. · 7.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of HCV-RNA in different fractions of saliva taken from patients with chronic hepatitis C, to establish whether virologic parameters or disease severity exert any influence on the detectability of HCV-RNA in saliva, and to evaluate the prevalence of HCV infection in partners of HCV-infected subjects with respect to the presence of HCV-RNA in saliva. Sera samples and different fractions of saliva (whole saliva, surnatant, and cell fraction) from 48 subjects (45 with chronic hepatitis C and three healthy anti-HCV+ carriers) were examined for HCV-RNA by RT nested PCR and DEIA hybridization. HCV-RNA-positive sera were also tested for genotype and viral titer (bDNA2 method). Twenty-seven stable sexual partners (25 females and 2 males) were screened for anti-HCV antibodies at least twice over a minimum of 12 months. HCV-RNA was detected in the sera of 39/45 patients and of 22/39 viremic patients. In all of the latter, the presence of HCV-RNA was restricted to the cell fraction. Viral titer was significantly higher in patients with HCV-RNA in saliva than in those without (12.3 x 10(6) versus 4.6 x 10(6) eq/ml, P < 0.01). HCV-RNA positivity was unrelated to genotype, duration of disease, Hepatitis Activity Index scores or transaminase levels. Anti-HCV was positive in one of 13 sexual partners of patients with HCV-RNA in saliva and in 1/14 of those without (P = NS). In conclusion, HCV-RNA is detectable in the cell fraction of saliva in a high proportion of highly viremic patients with chronic hepatitis C, but its presence does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of HCV transmission among sexual partners.
    Infection 01/1999; 27(2):86-91. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium genavense is a frequently missed agent of disseminated disease in AIDS patients. The increasing frequency with which such organism is being isolated in Italy suggested a comparison of local survey with data reported in literature. Isolates presumed to belong to the species M. genavense were centralized and identified by means of genomic sequencing and/or HPLC analysis of cell wall mycolic acids; clinical data were obtained from relevant patients' record and collected using a proper questionnaire. In 24 cases in which this organism has been isolated in Italy M. genavense was grown, prevalently from blood, in liquid medium after an average of six weeks of incubation. In overwhelming majority, patients were males, presented other opportunistic diseases and were characterized by very low CD4+ counts (average 23/microl); most frequent symptoms were fever, anemia and weight loss. All but two patients, who died before the mycobacterial infection was diagnosed, were treated with at least three drugs; the mean survival was close to one year. A review of literature reports revealed a wide overlapping of clinical and microbiological features.
    European Journal of Epidemiology 05/1998; 14(3):219-24. · 5.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sixty-seven consecutive patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), 72% of which with overt AIDS, were examinated by upper endoscopy due to various indications and evaluated for the prevalence of H. pylori infection. The infection was studied by performing both histological examination of gastric biopsies and serological testing for anti-H. pylori IgG antibodies. The H. pylori prevalence rate was 55% in histology; no significant differences were observed in HIV-infected subjects and those with overt AIDS (52% vs 63%, respectively; P = NS). Positive histological testing appeared to be directly related to the peripheral CD4+ lymphocyte count (minimum rates of 43% were detected in patients with CD4+ < 100 x 10(6)/liter and maximum rates of 78% in patients with CD4+ > 200 x 10(6)/liter, respectively; P < 0.05) and inversely related to the frequency of antibiotic treatments performed over the six months prior to endoscopy. Low CD4+ counts were also apparently associated with low-grade H. pylori infection. Serological testing was positive for anti-H. pylori IgG antibodies in 39% of patients; compared to histology, serology displayed a sensitivity of 57% and a specificity of 81%. The discrepancy between histological and serological positive results for H. pylori was noted to be higher in the more advanced phases of HIV infection. Based upon our results, the serological testing for anti-H. pylori IgG antibodies seems to require cautious interpretation in HIV-positive patients.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 02/1997; 42(2):289-92. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A mycobacterium isolated from a clinical sample of an AIDS patient was identified as Mycobacterium interjectum by direct 16S rRNA sequence determination. High-performance liquid chromatography, however, revealed a mycolic acid pattern which was different from the one shared by the previously analyzed strains of this species.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 10/1996; 34(9):2316-9. · 4.07 Impact Factor