Bai-gen Zhang

Renji Hospital, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (12)7.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and stenting in the treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) with acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A retrospective analysis was conducted for 61 patients (36 women, 25 men, age range 32-90 years, mean 64 years) who had IVCS with acute iliofemoral thrmobosis (≤10 days) and were treated by CDT and stenting between June 2006 and August 2011. All patients presented with IVCS with a median duration of 4.1 days and were treated with CDT (Urokinase: initial dose of 125,000-250,000 U followed by 20,000-60,000 U/h) followed by stent placement. Filters were implanted in those patients with existing pulmonary embolism, inferior caval vein thrombosis, or in accordance with the patients' request. The patency, the pressure gradient crossing the stenosis of the iliac vein, both thigh and calf limb circumferences, and complications were assessed before and after CDT and stenting. A Duplex ultrasound was used to perform follow-up examinations at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, 4 years and 5 years after the operation. Three patients had pulmonary embolism (PE) prior to CDT as assessed by the computed tomography angiography. A total of 28 patients had a filter implanted (25 patients had a Cordis permanent filter and 3 patients had a Braun temporary filter). A total of 68 stents were implanted in 61 patients. Overall, the 1-month, 6-month, 1-year, 2-year, 3-year and 5-year primary patency rates were 96.7%, 95.1%, 91.8%, 90.2%, 88.5% and 85.2%, respectively. The pressure gradient crossing the stenosis of the iliac vein decreased significantly after CDT and stenting (7.22±4.64 vs. 1.82±2.78 cm H2O, p<0.001). The reductions of thigh and calf circumferences were 66.7% (6.19±2.67 cm vs. 1.98±1.43 cm) and 61.6% (4.36±2.10 cm vs. 1.46±1.10 cm), respectively. Reocclusion occurred in 7 patients within 1-27 months. Four patients (7%) experienced minor bleeding and were treated successfully with sandbag compression. One patient felt light pain on the left waist after three months of stenting. No large hematoma, stent migration or acute thrombosis complications occurred during the procedure. Two patients died from non-vascular causes during a follow-up of 2-62 months (mean, 31.0 months). Four patients were found with limb swellingand 3 patients felt heaviness. The incidence rate of PTS was 11.5% (7/61). Treatment with CDT for IVCS with acute DVT achieves good patency and vein function after 5 years of follow-up in this study. However, further evidence is required to establish longer term benefits.
    Annals of Vascular Surgery 01/2014; · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Blood reperfusion of affected limbs is the most effective therapy for peripheral vascular thrombotic disease, restoring nutrition and blood flow to threatened tissues. Because it is more cost-effective than other thrombolytics, urokinase (UK) is widely used to treat venous thrombosis in China. However, its use is limited because of the risk of UK-related hemorrhagic complications. UK-coated nanoparticles (NPs) may decrease adverse effects while simultaneously increasing thrombolytic benefits. The aim of this study was to combine the sustained-release properties of NPs with the clinical benefits of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) to create a promising new therapy. NPs were prepared via self-assembled chitosan and tripolyphosphate, introduced into a thrombosis model in New Zealand white rabbits, and the ratio of the residual thrombus cross-sectional area to the vascular cross-sectional area was calculated. The NPs had a drug-bearing efficiency of 14.5 ± 1.3 %, an encapsulation efficiency of 94.8 ± 2.1 % while the particle size of UK-coated NPs was 236 nm. Transmission electron microscopy results showed that the shape of the NPs were spherical and regular. Whether delivered by intravenation or catheter, UK-coated NPs produced a significant increase in the thrombolytic effect compared with free UK and confirmed the superiority of CDT for improving clot lysis over drug-induced systemic thrombolysis. The intravenous NPs caused an abnormal increase in fibrinogen. In conclusion, a water-soluble UK-WCS-NP suspension with good encapsulation efficiency was easily prepared UK-WCS-NPs were capable of maintaining UK activity, provided sustained-release of UK and exhibited better thrombolytic function than free UK.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 06/2013; · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the role and mechanism of Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) of tissue in promoting the inflammatory reaction of the limb with venous hypertension. moral arteriovenous fistula was surgically created to establish the rat model of venous hypertension. A total of 36 SD rats were randomly divided into pcDNA3.1-DARC (Group A), empty plasmid of pcDNA3.1 (Group B) and control (Group C) groups. The animals were sacrificed at Days 14 and 42 post-operation respectively. The expressions of DARC at the RNA and protein level were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot. And the serum level of interleukin (IL)-8 was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the degrees of apoptosis and leukocytic infiltration of local tissue were detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. With the elapsing time of venous hypertension, the DARC expression in tissue, the extent of apoptosis and leukocytic infiltration in tissue showed an increasing trend in Groups A and B. Group A was obviously higher than Group B during the corresponding period. And the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The serum levels of IL-8 of Groups A and B showed a decreasing trend. And Group A was obviously lower than Group B. Both groups were higher than the control group. The differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The level of DARC in tissue and the degree of inflammatory reaction of venous hypertension have a positive correlation. And DARC may promote the development of venous hypertension inflammation through augmenting the adhesion and migration of leukocytes.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 03/2012; 92(9):638-41.
  • Yun-qi Yan, Hao Zhang, Bai-gen Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effect of anticoagulant thrombolytic therapy on acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and the incidence and severity of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). A total of 111 patients (113 limbs) with central or mixed types of deep venous thrombosis admitted from March 2003 to November 2008 were analyzed. The patients were divided into 3 groups by different therapies: anticoagulant group (41 limbs), thrombolysis group (27 limbs), and catheter-directed thrombolysis group (45 limbs). In the follow-up, patients' swelling of lower extremity and recanalization of vein were found out by physical examination and venous ultrasound Duplex through following-up. The Villalta and VCSS marking scales were used in rating the incidence and severity of PTS, discussing treatments for acute phase as well as adjuvant treatment for chronic phase and the correlation between the incidence and severity of PTS. The average time of follow-up were (41 ± 19) months in anticoagulant group, (52 ± 11) months in thrombolysis group, and (26 ± 10) months in catheter-directed thrombolysis group. According to the consequences from Villalta and VCSS rating scales, the incidences of PTS in the three groups were 58.5% (24/41), 55.6% (15/27), and 35.6% (16/45), in which 20.8% (5/24), 3/15, and 1/16 were severe. The the catheter-directed thrombolysis group had a better consequence than the other two groups in reducing incidence and severity of PTS (P < 0.05). The differences of circumferences of lower extremities of all patients had obvious improvement compared to that before the treatments. For patients who were treated by catheter-directed thrombolysis, the thigh circumference difference and calf circumference difference were (0.5 ± 1.0) cm and (0.7 ± 1.0) cm, which were more obvious compared to other two groups (P < 0.05). Most patients had their external-iliac and common-femoral veins recanalized. Using anticoagulant pharmaceuticals and compression stockings can lead to a reduction in the incidence of PTS. The incidences and symptoms of PTS and swelling of limbs can be significantly moderated by catheter-directed thrombolysis based on anticoagulating in the acute phase of DVT. Consequently, it would be the most efficient way in decreasing the occurrences of PTS and moderating the severities of PTS with the aids of regular anticoagulating and compression stockings.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 06/2011; 49(6):495-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the in vitro release profile of drugs encapsulated within perfluorocarbon (PFC) nanoparticles (NPs) and their ability to inhibit the activity of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Dexamethasone phosphate (DxP) or dexamethasone acetate (DxA) was encapsulated into PFC nanoparticles using a high-pressure homogenous method. The morphology and size of the NPs were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and a laser particle size analyzer. Drug loading and in vitro release were assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The impact of NP capsules on SMC proliferation, migration and apoptosis in vitro was assessed using cell counting kit-8, transwell cell migration and flow cytometry assays. The sizes of DxP-NPs and DxA-NPs were 224+/-6 nm and 236+/-9 nm, respectively. The encapsulation efficiency (EE) of DxP-NPs was 66.4%+/-1.0%, with an initial release rate of 77.2%, whereas the EE of DxA-NPs was 95.3%+/-1.3%, with an initial release rate of 23.6%. Both of the NP-coated drugs could be released over 7 d. Human umbilical artery SMCs were harvested and cultured for four to six passages. Compared to free DxP, SMCs treated with tissue factor (TF)-directed DxP-NPs showed significant differences in the inhibition of proliferation, migration and apoptosis (P<0.05). The results collectively suggest that PFC nanoparticles will be beneficial for targeted drug delivery because of the sustained drug release and effective inhibition of SMC proliferation and migration.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 11/2009; 30(11):1577-84. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To review the follow-up results of the crural artery bypass. Sixty-five limbs in 64 patients with long stenosis or occlusion in femoral artery and popliteal artery were performed 65 times femoral-crural artery bypass surgery or femoral-popliteal-crural bypass surgery during April 2001 to July 2007. The ankle-brachial index before bypass surgery was 0.35 +/- 0.20 in anterior tibial artery and 0.38 +/- 0.21 in posterior tibial artery. Critical limb ischemia was 93.8%. The ankle-brachial index after bypass surgery was 0.84 +/- 0.26 in anterior tibial artery and 0.83 +/- 0.22 in posterior tibial artery. The perioperative mortality rate was 1.6%, the perioperative amputation rate was 1.5%. Fifty-four patients 54 limbs were followed up. The average follow-up time was (24.1 +/- 16.6) months. The follow-up limb salvage rate was 85.2%. The follow-up mortality rate was 25.9%. Critical limb ischemia decreased as 13.0%. The follow-up ankle-brachial index was difference with before and after bypass surgery as 0.66 +/- 0.26 in anterior tibial artery and 0.64 +/- 0.25 in posterior tibial artery. It was no difference in cumulative limb salvage rate, cumulative primary and secondary patency rate by comparing autogenous vein with composite vascular as graft and comparing femoral-crural artery bypass surgery with femoral-popliteal-crural bypass surgery as surgical method. When the patients are failed in endovascular intervention or have long stenosis or occlusion in femoral artery and popliteal artery to face to amputation, the crural artery bypass is a feasible method. It's helpful to improve the secondary patency rate and limb salvage rate by enhancing the follow-up after operation and early intervention.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 08/2009; 47(15):1175-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To study on lesion characteristic and treatment of atherosclerosis occlusion (ASO). Collect and analysis 413 patients, 778 lower extremities digital subtraction angiography (DSA) from Jan. 1, 1996 to Dec. 31, 2007 in our hospital. Left 220 (28.3%), right 208 (26.7%), both 350 (45.0%); type I 65 (8.4%), type II 194 (24.9%), type III 519 (66.6%); single level 135 (17.4%), multilevel 643 (82.6%); profound lesions stenosis 82 (10.5%), occlusion 16 (2.1%). Multilevel lesions are the main characteristic in all cases (about 4/5); we should design individual treatment dependent on lesion characteristic. Endovascular intervention and bypass reconstruction is main treatment for ASO.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2009; 89(23):1611-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the patency efficacy of small diameter artificial vascular graft with eNOS gene transfected endothelial cells in canine. By using the two steps high pressure injection, eNOS gene transfected endothelial cells were planted on artificial vascular graft with a diameter of 3 mm. The artificial vascular grafts were transplanted into canine femoral artery, and the patency of the artery was observed through digital subtracted angiography (DSA) and electron telescope 1, 4, 12 and 24 weeks after the operation. The adherence rate of eNOS gene transfected endothelial cells to artificial vascular grafts was up to 90%. For 10 days, the cells extended and formed a continuous intima. One week after the operation, 3/9 grafts were obstructed in the group of simple artificial vascular grafts; 4 weeks after, all of grafts (9/9) were obstructed in the group of simple artificial vascular grafts and almost half grafts (5/10, 4/9) in un-transfected groups were obstructed; 12 weeks after, all of the grafts were obstructed in the group of simple artificial vascular grafts and in un-transfected groups (9/9, 9/10); 24 weeks after, all of the grafts were obstructed in the groups of un-transfected artificial vascular grafts, while nearly all of grafts (8/10) were open in eNOS groups. Electron microscope scanning showed that endothelial cells of artificial vascular grafts in eNOS transfected groups arranged closely and formed a continuous intima; only few red blood cells, leucocytes, platelets deposited at the surface of endothelial cells in the artificial vascular grafts. The patency efficacy of eNOS gene transfected endothelial cells planting on artificial vascular graft is satisfactory. It could provide an experimental basis for further clinical application of the artificial vascular grafts.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 12/2008; 46(22):1744-7.
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    Lan Zhang, Bai-gen Zhang, Ji-wei Zhang, Hao Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of inflammatory processes has been one of the hot topics in discussions of the etiology of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Erythrocytes are very important in controlling inflammatory immunity and innate immune reactions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between the development of CVI and the change of CD35, Fy6 on erythrocytes, and interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels. A group of 43 patients with CVI were studied in parallel with 8 healthy individuals serving as control subjects. Control subjects were those with normal findings on lower extremity duplex examinations. We used an erythrocyte flow cytometer to examine the expression of both CD35 and Fy6 on red blood cells, and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis method to measure plasma IL-8 levels. We also analyzed the change of IL-8 levels under the influence of erythrocytes using a modified method of the hemaimmune reaction. Compared with normal control subjects, CD35 expression increased significantly among patients with CVI classified as C4 without lipodermatosclerosis, but tended to decrease and reach the lowest level among patients classified as C5-C6. Fy6 expression increased significantly among patients in the early stages of CVI, but tended to decrease remarkably among patients classified as C5-C6. The inflammatory response intensified at the C5-C6 classification, where high levels of IL-8 coexisted with a low expression of Fy6. The increase in IL-8 in the CVI group was higher than in the control group in association with the complete blood cells, regardless of the presence of erythrocytes, when inactive tumour cells were added, whereas the level of IL-8 in the CVI group was significantly lower than in the control group. Abnormalities of erythrocyte innate immunity represents a fundamental derangement in CVI. These inadequate inflammatory responses may lead to local tissue and microvascular damage of the lower extremity.
    Chinese medical journal 01/2008; 120(24):2224-8. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Hao Zhang, Ji-wei Zhang, Ya-xue Shi, Bai-gen Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: We reviewed the outcomes of reoperations for 29 patients (30 limbs) who had undergone occluded arterial bypass in the lower limbs from May 1996 to September 2005. The 30 lower limbs of the 29 patients with arteriosclerotic obstruction received 44 reoperations, including thrombectomy alone (group T, 27) and inflow or outflow reconstruction plus thrombectomy (group C, 17). Among the 17 operations in group C, 17.6% (3/17) were inflow reconstructions involving the axillary-femoral (1), aorta-iliac (1) and aorta-femoral (1) arteries, and 76.4% (13/17) outflow reconstructions involving the femoral-popliteal bypass-tibial (8), femoral-tibial (1), femoral-popliteal bypass-popliteal arteries below the knee (2), and the femoral-popliteal bypass-tibial-peroneal trunk (2). One patient (1 limb) underwent both inflow and outflow reconstructions with an iliac arterial stent and a graft-popliteal anastomosis patch. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts were used in the inflow or outflow reconstructions above the knee. Autovenous grafts or autovenously combined PTFE grafts were used in the outflow reconstructions below the knee. The percentages of Fontaine stage III and IV before primary operation and reoperation were 60% (18/30) and 86.7% (26/30), respectively (P < 0.05). Four patients died of heart attack (2), stroke (1) and multiple organ failure (1) after reoperations. Among them, only 1 patient underwent occluded bypass, and others, patent bypass. Five patients after patent bypass are still alive. The accumulative patent rate was 28.6% (8/28). The average duration of patency in groups T and C was (4.16 +/- 5.68) (0.13 - 24) months and (7.14 +/- 6.37) (0.26 - 21) months, respectively (P > 0.05). Among 42 reoperations, 19 failed within 1 month in groups T (16) and C (3) (P < 0.01). Nine patients had limb amputated (10/28 limbs, 35.71%) because of graft infection (2 limbs), pseudo aneurysm at anastomosis (1 limb), and gangrene caused by failed grafts (7 limbs). The amputation was performed on 6 limbs within 1 month and on 4 limbs 1 month after reoperation (P > 0.05). The rate of limb salvage was 64.29% (18/28). The percentages of Fontaine stage III and IV before reoperation may be much higher than those before primary operation. Thrombectomy plus inflow/outflow reconstruction creates patency better than thrombectomy alone for re-occluded bypass.
    Chinese medical journal 01/2006; 119(2):91-4. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test the function of endothelial cells transfected eNOS gene. To test the function of eNOS-overexpressing endothelial cells inhibiting smooth muscle cell proliferation and platelet aggregation in vitro by colorimetry, MTT and (3)H-TdR permeate, respectively, in four different endothelial cells groups. The platelet aggregation is significantly decreasing between the groups of EC and eNOS at the different time (P < 0.05), is 42.2 and 32.6 separately at the time of 120 h. The SMC proliferation is significantly decreasing between the groups of EC and eNOS at the different time (P < 0.05). It is 0.28 and 0.22 by MTT test, 4691 and 3995 by (3)H-TdR permeate separately at the time of 120 h. eNOS-overexpressing endothelial cells inhibited significantly smooth muscle cells proliferation and platelet aggregation in vitro; which shows powerful effect 48 hours post transfection and lasts up to 120 hours at the least; and were held back by L-NAME.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 11/2004; 42(22):1349-52.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the therapeutic effect and the clinical practicability of encircling constriction of superficial femoral vein in the treatment of primary deep venous insufficiency (PDVI). Ninety-seven limbs in 97 patients who were proved to be PDVI by ascending venography were divided into Group A (79 limbs) and Group B (18 limbs). Patients of Group A were treated with the encircling constriction of venous wall at the first valve of superficial femoral veins. And they were also treated with the high ligation and ablation of great saphenous vein, ablation of superficial veins and ligation of perforator veins at the same time. Patients of Group B were simply treated with the high ligation and ablation of great saphenous vein, ablation of superficial veins and ligation of perforator veins. Ascending venography and CEAP classification and clinical scoring were proceeded from two months to six years after operation to evaluate the effect of the operation. The difference between preoperative and postoperative scores of Group A and Group B were both remarkable (Group A, P < 0.01; Group B, P < 0.05). The difference of scores, which equated to preoperative scores minus postoperative score, between Group A and Group B were also prominent (P < 0.01). Post-operation ascending venography was performed on 67 limbs in Group A. The effective rate of the operation is 83.58% (28 + 28/67), obviously effective rate is 41.79% (28/67). Same exam was performed on 12 limbs in Group B and the effective rate of the operation is 33.33%. The difference between two groups' effective rate is significant (P < 0.05). Clinical scoring of Group A decreased much more than Group B; The effective rate of Group A in ascending venography is also much higher than Group B. Encircling constriction of superficial femoral vein is useful to relief the symptom and recover the shape and function of the valve of superficial femoral veins. Those who are diagnosed to be PDVI by means of pre-operation ascending venography and Valsalva test should accept the operation of the encircling constriction of superficial femoral vein.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 10/2004; 42(18):1121-4.

Publication Stats

10 Citations
7.13 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Renji Hospital
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2011
    • Shanghai University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2009
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China