[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Telephone counseling through quitlines combined with cessation medication is an effective strategy to support tobacco cessation. This study assessed the characteristics of quitline enrollees selecting varenicline (Chantix) compared with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) medication and evaluated the cessation outcomes (7-day point prevalence) among these enrollees at 3 and 6 months after program completion.
A retrospective study analyzed demographic, tobacco use history, and abstinence outcome information of participants who enrolled in the Montana Tobacco Quit Line program and selected varenicline (n = 3,116) or NRT (n = 3,697).
Participants selecting varenicline had significantly different demographic characteristics and tobacco use histories compared with enrollees selecting NRT. In the bivariate analyses, the odds of abstinence were greater among persons using varenicline compared with NRT at 3 months (22% and 13%; odds ratio [OR] = 1.85 95% CI 1.50-2.29) and 6 months (17% and 11%; OR = 1.66 95% CI 1.23-2.24). Independently, varenicline use, increasing age, having health insurance, and a greater number of counseling sessions were associated with tobacco use abstinence at 3 months. Only increasing age and a greater number of counseling sessions were independently associated with 6-month abstinence.
Organizations providing varenicline as part of their quitline services should anticipate that participants selecting this medication have different demographic characteristics and tobacco use histories. The findings suggest that the addition of varenicline enhances 3-month abstinence rates and that the tobacco user's commitment to quit may be the most important predictor of successfully quitting.
Nicotine & Tobacco Research 04/2010; 12(6):567-73. · 2.48 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study sought to evaluate the impact on the quitline utilization and abstinence rates of increasing a free nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) benefit from 4 weeks to 6 weeks.
Intake data were utilized to assess the number of callers to the quitline during the time period in which 4 weeks of free NRT was provided (January-November 2006) and the time period of the enhanced NRT benefit (December 2006-June 2007). Abstinence rates at 3 and 6 months were calculated for people utilizing the quitline program during both time periods.
The mean number of intake calls to the quitline increased from 397 (range 326-509) prior to the enhanced NRT benefit to 712 (range 592-1227) during the 6-week NRT benefit period. The 6-month tobacco abstinence rates were significantly higher among people receiving the 6-week NRT benefit compared to those receiving the 4-week benefit (OR=1.51; 95% CI=1.07, 1.66).
The findings suggest that the promotion of an expanded NRT benefit can increase quitline utilization and abstinence rates.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 11/2008; 35(4):386-8. · 3.95 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the utilization of a tobacco quit line prior to and after an increase in tobacco taxes.
Intake data were utilized to assess the number of callers to the quit line between May 2004 and April 2006. The characteristics of callers were also compared over three time periods; the 5 months prior to a voter initiative to increase the tax (May-September 2004), the 3 months just prior to the tax increase (October-December 2004), and the 5 months after the tax became effective (January-May 2005).
The mean number of intake calls to the quit line between May 2004 and April 2006 was 388 per month (range = 200-1 088). The number of calls per month increased just prior to and just after the tax increase (3-month moving average = 691-731 calls). Persons completing an intake between October to December 2004 and January to May 2005 were more likely to be younger than 45 years, woman, White, smoke one or more packs of cigarettes per day, and were less likely to have tried to quit using tobacco in the past year than did persons calling between May and September 2004.
Organizations supporting quit lines should anticipate an increase in the utilization of these services and changes in the characteristics of callers prior to and following an increase in tobacco taxes.
Journal of public health management and practice: JPHMP 10/2007; 13(6):637-41. · 0.96 Impact Factor