Dai-Do Do

Inselspital, Universitätsspital Bern, Berna, Bern, Switzerland

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Publications (52)164 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes are risk factors for atherosclerosis and are highly prevalent in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the prevalence of impaired glucose metabolism in patients with peripheral artery disease is not as well elucidated. We aimed at comparing prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes, which were diagnosed according to the current American Diabetes Association criteria, among 364 patients with peripheral artery disease, 529 patients with coronary artery disease and 383 controls. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in peripheral artery disease patients was 49.7%. It was significantly higher in these patients than in coronary artery disease patients (34.4%; p < 0.001) and controls (21.4%; p < 0.001). Adjusted for sex, age and body mass index, odds ratios for type 2 diabetes mellitus were 2.0 (95% confidence interval 1.5-2.6) comparing the peripheral artery disease group with the coronary artery disease group (p < 0.001) and 4.0 (2.8-5.8) comparing the peripheral artery disease group with controls (p < 0.001). The prevalence of pre-diabetes among non-diabetic subjects was high in all three study groups (64.5% in peripheral artery disease patients, 63.4% in coronary artery disease patients and 61.8% in controls), without significant between-group differences. In conclusion, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is even higher in peripheral artery disease patients than in coronary artery disease patients. This observation underlines the need to consider impaired glucose regulation in the management of peripheral artery disease. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Diabetes & vascular disease research : official journal of the International Society of Diabetes and Vascular Disease. 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: For patients with acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis, it remains unclear whether the addition of intravascular high-frequency, low-power ultrasound energy facilitates the resolution of thrombosis during catheter-directed thrombolysis. In a controlled clinical trial, 48 patients (mean age 50±21 years, 52% women) with acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis were randomized to receive ultrasound-assisted catheter-directed thrombolysis (N=24) or conventional catheter-directed thrombolysis (N=24). Thrombolysis regimen (20 mg r-tPA over 15 hours) was identical in all patients. The primary efficacy end point was the percentage of thrombus load reduction from baseline to 15 hours according to the length-adjusted thrombus score, obtained from standardized venograms and evaluated by a core laboratory blinded to group assignment. The percentage of thrombus load reduction was 55%±27% in the ultrasound-assisted catheter-directed thrombolysis group and 54%±27% in the conventional catheter-directed thrombolysis group (P=0.91). Adjunctive angioplasty and stenting was performed in 19 (80%) patients and in 20 (83%) patients, respectively (P>0.99). Treatment-related complications occurred in 3 (12%) and 2 (8%) patients, respectively (P>0.99). At 3-month follow-up, primary venous patency was 100% in the ultrasound-assisted catheter-directed thrombolysis group and 96% in the conventional catheter-directed thrombolysis group (P=0.33), and there was no difference in the severity of the post-thrombotic syndrome (mean Villalta score: 3.0±3.9 [range 0-15] versus 1.9±1.9 [range 0-7]; P=0.21), respectively. In this randomized controlled clinical trial of patients with acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis treated with a fixed-dose catheter thrombolysis regimen, the addition of intravascular ultrasound did not facilitate thrombus resolution. http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01482273. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions 01/2015; 8(1). · 6.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coral reef aorta is a rare form of calcifying atherosclerosis typically involving the supra and juxtarenal aorta. Patients classically present with refractory hypertension, intermittent claudication and abdominal angina. The treatment is either surgical via transaortic endarterectomy or through transfemoral endovascular stent graft placement. Here we describe the case of a 45 year old female patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus, with resistant hypertension, lower limb and abdominal claudication, who was successfully treated with endovascular stent placement. We f urther provide a brief overview of the disease characteristics and treatment options.
    Cardiovascular Medicine. 12/2013; 16(12):329–331.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To assess the need for clinically-driven secondary revascularization in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients subsequent to tibial angioplasty during a 2-year follow-up. Methods : Between 2008 and 2010, a total of 128 consecutive CLI patients (80 men; mean age 76.5±9.8 years) underwent tibial angioplasty in 139 limbs. Rutherford categories, ankle-brachial index measurements, and lower limb oscillometries were prospectively assessed. All patients were followed at 3, 6, 12 months, and annually thereafter. Rates of death, primary and secondary sustained clinical improvement, target lesion (TLR) and target extremity revascularization (TER), as well as major amputation, were analyzed retrospectively. Primary clinical improvement was defined as improvement in Rutherford category to a level of intermittent claudication without unplanned amputation or TLR. Results : All-cause mortality was 8.6%, 14.8%, 22.9%, and 29.1% at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. At the same intervals, rates of primary sustained clinical improvement were 74.5%, 53.0%, 42.7%, and 37.1%; for secondary improvement, the rates were 89.1%, 76.0%, 68.4%, and 65.0%. Clinically-driven TLR rates were 14.6%, 29.1%, 41.6%, 46.2%; the rates for TER were 3.0%, 13.6%, 17.2%, and 27.6% in corresponding intervals, while the rates of major amputation were 1.5%, 5.5%, 10.1%, and 10.1%. Conclusion : Clinically-driven TLR is frequently required to maintain favorable functional clinical outcomes in CLI patients following tibial angioplasty. Dedicated technologies addressing tibial arterial restenosis warrant further academic scrutiny.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 10/2013; 20(5):707-713. · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 09/2013; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although routine ultrasound screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) reduces mortality in subjects at risk, it is often omitted in clinical practice. Because computerized alerts may systematically identify subjects at risk of AAA, we hypothesized that such alerts would encourage physicians to perform an ultrasound screening test. Patients and methods: We designed and implemented a computer alert system into the patient database of our vascular outpatient clinic at a tertiary referral hospital in Switzerland. An electronic alert was issued instantaneously each time a physician accessed non-invasive arterial work-up data from a male subject aged ≥ 60 years. The physician was forced to acknowledge the alert and could then order or withhold ultrasound screening. Results: From 2008 to 2012, alerts were issued for 1673 subjects. Following the alert, ultrasound screening was withheld in 1107 (65.6 %) subjects, and it was performed in 576 (34.4 %) of whom 155 were excluded for numerous reasons. Among 421 screened subjects, aortic diameters were < 25 mm in 353 (84 %), 25 to 29 mm in 20 (5 %), 30 to 54 mm in 40 (10 %), and ≥ 55 mm in 8 (2 %). Conclusions: The AAA prevalence among screened subjects with computerized alerts was high, confirming the necessity to routinely screen male subjects ≥ 60 years undergoing non-invasive arterial work-up. However, physician compliance with alerts was poor since only one quarter of subjects with alerts underwent screening. Further quality improvement initiatives are urgently required to facilitate routine AAA screening among subjects at high risk.
    VASA.: Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten. Journal for vascular diseases 05/2013; 42(3):208-13. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To angiographically evaluate infrapopliteal arterial lesion morphology in a consecutive series of patients presenting with critical limb ischemia (CLI) and undergoing infrapopliteal angioplasty. Methods : A prospective analysis was undertaken of a consecutive series of CLI patients undergoing endovascular therapy in a tertiary referral center in the year 2011. Morphological assessment of baseline angiograms obtained prior to revascularization included lesion length, assessment of calcification using a semi-quantitative scoring system, and reference vessel diameter (RVD) measurement. Delta RVDs were assessed subtracting distal RVDs from proximal RVDs. A total of 197 infrapopliteal lesions in 105 CLI patients (n=106 limbs) were assessed. Of these, 136 lesions were treated by endovascular means. Results : The average length of treated lesions was 87.1±43.8 mm in stenoses and 124.0±78.3 mm in chronic occlusions (p<0.001). Mean RVD proximal to the lesions was 1.88 mm whereas it was 1.66 mm distal to the lesions (p≤0.03). Mean arterial calcification was 1.15. Conclusion : This prospective angiographic series underlines the complex nature and extensive longitudinal involvement of infrapopliteal lesions in CLI patients. These findings should be taken into consideration for anti-restenosis concepts in this challenging subgroup of peripheral artery disease patients.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 04/2013; 20(2):149-56. · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES To evaluate thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) as emergency therapy despite suspected aortic infection.METHODS Within a 5-year period, we treated 6 patients with a strategy of primary TEVAR despite suspected aortic infection in patients with symptomatic or already ruptured thoracic aortic pathology.RESULTSIn-hospital mortality was 16.7%. The reason for death was septic multiorgan failure. During follow-up, 2 patients were converted to secondary open surgery in a stable elective setting. The median follow-up was 42.5 months. All surviving patients are not receiving continuing antibiotic therapy. Freedom from infection is 100% to date.CONCLUSIONSTEVAR as emergency therapy despite suspected aortic infection is feasible and may well serve as a definite treatment option in selected cases. As recurring infection cannot be entirely excluded, life-long clinical and morphological surveillance remains mandatory.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 01/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate patency and clinical efficacy of endovascular therapy for infrainguinal bypass obstructions. Patients were categorized with regard to symptoms (asymptomatic/intermittent claudication [IC] vs critical limb ischemia [CLI]), bypass graft material used (autologous vs prosthetic graft), and localization of distal anastomoses (femoropopliteal vs femorodistal bypass). Primary patency was defined as absence of sonographically verified stenosis greater than 50%. Assisted primary patency was applied to secondary revisions to prevent impending occlusion. Secondary patency refers to repeat interventions aimed at restoring bypass patency after occlusion. Primary sustained clinical improvement in IC was defined as an upward shift of at least one category per Rutherford classification, accordingly to a level of claudication in patients with CLI. A total of 54 patients (54 limbs, 12 with CLI) were included. At 1 year, primary patency rates were 74% in IC and 27% in CLI (P = .001), primary assisted patency rates were 85% in IC and 68% in CLI (P = .05), and secondary patency rates were 89% in IC and 100% in CLI (P = .32). Accordingly, primary sustained clinical improvement rates were 64% in IC and 25% in CLI (P = .018). After adjustment for confounding factors, CLI (hazard ratio [HR], 7.8; 95% CI, 2.3-26.32; P = .001) and impaired patent runoff (ie, less than three crural runoff vessels; HR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.03-0.96; P = .045) were independently associated with impaired primary patency. Endovascular revascularization is a reasonable treatment option to prevent impending bypass occlusion. Presence of CLI and impaired crural runoff are independent risk factors for lower patency rates.
    Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR 08/2012; 23(8):1055-62. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate arterial lesion characteristics and their impact on angiographic and clinical outcomes after endovascular below-the-knee (BTK) revascularization. Between April 2008 and June 2009, 33 patients (mean age 74.9 years) with 34 limbs and 50 arterial segments (mean lesion length 59.3 mm) undergoing endovascular BTK revascularization agreed to undergo prospective clinical and intraarterial angiographic 6-month follow-up evaluation. Clinical indication for BTK revascularization was critical limb ischemia (CLI) in 18 patients and delayed wound healing without hemodynamic evidence of CLI and intermittent claudication (IC) in 15 patients. Binary restenosis was observed in 40% of treated segments at 6 months. Primary sustained clinical improvement was 82.4% and 55.9% at 3 months and 6 months. Lesion length was independently associated with binary restenosis (hazard ratio [HR] 1.013, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.000-1.016, P = .05) and lower rates of primary sustained clinical improvement (HR 1.024, 95% CI 1.006-1.042, P = .008). Endovascular BTK revascularization yields clinical and angiographic benefits both for patients with IC and for patients with CLI. Although arterial lesion length adversely affects angiographic and clinical outcomes after endovascular revascularization, limb salvage rates were substantially higher compared with the comparatively low patency rates after BTK angioplasty.
    Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR 12/2011; 22(12):1665-73. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with renal insufficiency (RI) are frequently excluded from trials assessing various endovascular revascularization concepts in critical limb ischemia (CLI) although information on clinical outcomes is scarce. Consecutive patients with CLI undergoing endovascular lower limb revascularization during a 4.5-year time interval at a tertiary referral center were prospectively followed over a 12-month period. Patients were grouped according to renal function defined as normal (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2); n = 108, 49.5%), moderate RI (eGFR ≥ 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m(2); n = 86, 39.5%) and severe RI, including dialysis (eGFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2); n = 24, 11%). Clinical endpoints assessed were sustained clinical success, peri- and postprocedural mortality and major, above-the-ankle amputation. Sustained clinical improvement was defined as an upward shift of at least one category on the Rutherford classification compared with baseline to a level of claudication without repeated revascularization or unplanned amputation in surviving patients. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate regression analysis was conducted in separate models for all above-mentioned clinical endpoints. A total of 208 patients (218 limbs, mean age 77.1 ± 9.5, 131 men) underwent endovascular revascularization. Technical success rate was 95.2%, 92.5%, and 100% in patients without, moderate or severe RI. Sustained clinical success was 81.7%, 74.1%, and 51.5% in patients with normal renal function, 87.8%, 67.0%, and 63.3% with moderate, and 81.0%, 64.6%, and 50.2% with severe RI (P = .87 by log-rank) at 2, 6, and 12 months. Accordingly, major amputation rates were 9.9%, 18.2%, and 20.8% vs 9.9%, 22.6%, and 24% vs 12.5%, 16.7%, and 21.1% (P = .83, by log-rank). Mortality rates were 8.4%, 17.6%, and 26.5% in patients with normal renal function, 9.6%, 17.6%, and 30.1% with moderate and 17.5%, 26.6%, and 31.9% in patients with severe RI (P = .77, by log-rank) at corresponding intervals. Multivariate analysis revealed eGFR (hazard ratio [HR], 1.016; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.001-1.031; P = .036), age (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.061-1.189; P < .0001) and cigarette smoking (HR, 3.14; 95% CI, 1.153-8.55; P = .026) to be predictors for increased mortality within 1 year of follow-up. While functional lower limb outcomes were not influenced by renal function in this study, presence of RI was an independent predictor for higher mortality in CLI patients undergoing endovascular revascularization.
    Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 06/2011; 53(6):1589-97. · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of endovascular therapy of symptomatic obstructions of the common femoral artery (CFA). Consecutive series of patients undergoing endovascular therapy of chronic CFA obstructions between 1995 and 2009 and who were followed systematically within a prospectively maintained database. Clinical assessment was based on current guidelines including ankle-brachial index (ABI) and was performed at baseline and the day of discharge and then repeated at 3, 6, and 12 months and annually thereafter. Technical success of intervention was defined as a final residual diameter stenosis of <30%. Sustained clinical improvement was defined as a sustained upward shift of at least one category on the Rutherford classification compared with baseline without the need for repeated target lesion revascularization (TLR) or amputation in surviving patients. Limb salvage was defined as absence of a major (ie, above the ankle) amputation. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Ninety-eight patients (38 women, mean age 72 ± 11 years) presented with 104 ischemic limbs, 20 of which (19%) were classified as having critical limb ischemia (CLI). Technical success rate was 98%. Stents were placed in eight CLI patients (40%) and in 20 claudicants (24%). Mean ABI improved from 0.28 to 0.54 (P < .001) in CLI patients and from 0.61 to 0.85 (P < .001) in claudicants. Mean follow-up was 16 months. Primary sustained clinical improvement rates at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months were 55%, 55%, 40%, and 0% in CLI patients and 81%, 75%, 68%, and 52% in claudicants, respectively. Limb salvage rates at 24 months were 94% in CLI patients and 100% in claudicants. After adjustment for confounding factors, presence of ischemic ulcers (hazard ratio [HR], 4.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.49-14.85; P = .009), obstruction of the femoropopliteal arterial tract (HR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.66-9.16; P = .002) and diabetes mellitus (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.02-5.28; P = .045) were independently associated with lower rates of sustained clinical improvement. Endovascular therapy of CFA obstruction is associated with high rates of sustained clinical success in claudicants with patent femoropopliteal outflow. Presence of ischemic skin ulcers and diabetes mellitus, however, are associated with impaired efficacy of endovascular CFA treatment.
    Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 04/2011; 53(4):1000-6. · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the perception of primary care physicians regarding the risk of subsequent atherothrombotic events in patients with established cardiovascular (CV) disease, and to correlate this perception with documented antithrombotic therapy. In a cross-sectional study of the general practice population in Switzerland, 381 primary care physicians screened 127 040 outpatients during 15 consecutive workdays in 2006. Perception of subsequent atherothrombotic events in patients with established CV disease was assessed using a tick box questionnaire allowing choices between low, moderate, high or very high risk. Logistic regression models were used to determine the relationship between risk perception and antithrombotic treatment. Overall, 13 057 patients (10.4%) were identified as having established CV disease and 48.8% of those were estimated to be at high to very high risk for subsequent atherothrombotic events. Estimated higher risk for subsequent atherothrombotic events was associated with a shift from aspirin monotherapy to clopidogrel, vitamin K antagonist or aspirin plus clopidogrel (p <0.001 for trend). Clopidogrel (12.7% vs 6.8%, p <0.001), vitamin K antagonist (24.5% vs 15.6%, p <0.001) or aspirin plus clopidogrel (10.2% vs 4.2%, p <0.001) were prescribed in patients estimated to be at high to very high risk more often than in those at low to moderate risk. Perception of primary care physicians regarding risk of subsequent atherothrombotic events varies in patients with CV disease, and as a result antithrombotic therapy is altered in patients with anticipated high to very high risk even though robust evidence and clear guidelines are lacking.
    Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift 03/2010; 140(11-12):168-74. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ever since the first percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was carried out in Switzerland in 1977, restenosis remains a major drawback of this minimally invasive treatment intervention. Numerous attempts to increase vessel patency after PTA have included systemic medications and endovascular brachytherapy, but these techniques have not met our expectations in preventing restenosis. Nitinol stents have been shown to reduce rates of restenosis and target lesion revascularization in patients undergoing endovascular treatment of long femoropopliteal obstructions. Despite further technical refinements in nitinol stent technology, restenosis occurs in approximately every third patient undergoing femoropopliteal stenting. Similarly, initial clinical trials with drug-eluting stents have failed to indicate restenosis inhibition in femoropopliteal segment. Unfortunately, restenosis rates after below-the-knee PTA and stenting have been reported to be even higher than those following femoropopliteal revascularization. Current concepts for the prevention and treatment of restenosis after PTA or stenting include the sustained release of antiproliferative paclitaxel into the vessel wall. Drug eluting balloons are a promising, novel technology aimed at inhibiting restenosis after PTA. Its clinical efficacy in reducing restenosis has already been proven for coronary arteries as well as for the femoropopliteal segment. The purpose of this article is to review the clinical utility of drug-eluting balloons for lower limb endovascular interventions.
    Techniques in vascular and interventional radiology 03/2010; 13(1):59-63.
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    ABSTRACT: Navigation through a previously deployed and deformed stent is a difficult interventional task. Inadvertent navigation through the struts of a stent can potentially lead to incomplete secondary stent extension and vessel occlusion. Better visualisation of the pathway through the stent can reduce the risks of the procedural complications and reduce the reluctance of the interventionalist to navigate through a previously deployed stent. We describe a technique of visualisation of the pathway navigated by a guidewire through a previously deployed deformed and fractured carotid stent by the use of DynaCT. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the stent/microwire allows excellent visualisation of the correct pathway of the microwire within the stent.
    Neuroradiology 08/2009; 52(7):629-32. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR 08/2009; 20(7):987-8. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the application of a true lumen re-entry device in the bailout treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTO) of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) after failed angioplasty. Nineteen patients (12 men; mean age 81 years, range 61-97) with 20 SFA CTOs and Rutherford category 2 to 5 ischemia were prospectively evaluated. All CTOs had unsuccessful recanalization using conventional techniques and were subsequently treated with the Outback LTD catheter. Follow-up at 3, 6, and 12 months included ankle/toe pressure measurement and pulse volume recordings. Endpoints were revascularization rate, target lesion revascularization, and limb salvage. Revascularization was achieved in 95% of the cases. There were 2 (10%) periprocedural complications unrelated to the re-entry device, which were resolved by endovascular or surgical treatment. The target lesion revascularization rate was 10%, with the 2 events occurring at 3 and 6 months, respectively, in patients with Rutherford category 4-5 ischemia. There was one below-the-knee amputation in the patient with failed revascularization. The acute failure of endovascular treatment of SFA CTOs is most often due to an inability to re-enter the true lumen after the occlusion is crossed in a subintimal plane. Bailout revascularization with the Outback LTD catheter is highly successful and shows a low device-related complication rate. This needle- and fluoroscopic-based re-entry device increases the endovascular success rate and is therefore expanding the minimally invasive treatment options for surgically unfit patients.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 05/2009; 16(2):206-12. · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endovascular aneurysm repair has matured significantly over the last 20 years and is becoming increasingly popular as a minimally invasive treatment option for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Long-term durability of this fascinating treatment, however, is in doubt as continuing aneurysmal degeneration of the aortoiliac graft attachment zones is clearly associated with late adverse sequelae. In recent years, our growing understanding of the physiopathology of AAA formation has facilitated scrutiny of various potential drug treatment concepts. In this article we review the mechanical and biological challenges associated with endovascular treatment of infrarenal AAAs and discuss potential approaches to ongoing aneurysmal degeneration, which hampers long-term outcomes of this minimally invasive therapy.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 02/2009; 16 Suppl 1:I119-26. · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and renal insufficiency (RI) were shown to be associated with an obstructive lesion pattern favouring distal lower limb arterial segments in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We hypothesized that presence of DM is associated with pronounced involvement of the tibioperoneal arteries, whereas RI predominantly affects the pedal arch. A consecutive series of PAD patients (mean age 75 +/- 10 years, 40 women) with RI alone (n = 15), RI and DM (n = 25), DM alone (n = 25) and without RI or DM (n = 25) underwent diagnostic angiography. We analyzed the obstructive burden of different segments of the infrageniculate arterial tree using the Bollinger score as well as accessibility of pedal arteries for bypass surgery. In patients with DM and in patients with RI the mean total obstructive burden was higher in pedal as compared to tibioperoneal arteries (9.79 +/- 4.60 vs. 6.99 +/- 3.45, p = 0.03;10.50 +/- 5.53 vs. 6.88 +/- 4.12, p = 0.05, respectively). However, rates of patency of at least one pedal artery were significantly lower in patients with RI and RI/DM as compared to controls (47% and 48% vs. 80%, respectively; p = 0.007), whereas patency was comparable between patients with diabetes alone and controls (72% vs. 80%, ns). Rates of viability of pedal arteries as an attachment site for distal bypass was 80%, 68%, 47% and 44% in controls, patients with DM alone, RI alone and RI/DM, respectively (p = 0.0042). In contrast to previous anecdotal observations, both DM and RI are associated with a high atherosclerotic burden of the pedal arch in the present angiographic series. The presence of RI, however, is associated with a lower patency of the pedal arch as compared to the presence of DM alone, and more than fifty percent patients are unsuitable for distal bypass grafting.
    VASA.: Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten. Journal for vascular diseases 09/2008; 37(3):265-73. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No data are currently available on the role of oral sirolimus in the prevention of recurrent stenosis in the periphery. We report the effects of oral sirolimus in the prevention of recurrent infrainguinal obstructions in patients with complex peripheral arterial disease. Three patients with ischemic rest pain of the lower limbs and repeated short-term need for surgical and/or endovascular revascularization: 9 times within 12 months, 7 times within 15 months, 11 times within 26 months, respectively. Oral sirolimus on a case by case basis, resulted in less frequent restenosis and longer intervention-free intervals: three re-interventions within 37 months in the first patient, one balloon angioplasty within 17 months in the second, and three re-interventions within 21 months in the third patient, respectively. Side effects, in particular dyspepsia and diarrhoea, were mild and tolerable. To our knowledge, this is the first report to show that oral sirolimus was successfully administered in patients with recurrent excessive neointimal proliferation after revascularization of peripheral arterial lesions lowering the necessity of re-intervention and hence prolonging intervention-free intervals.
    VASA.: Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten. Journal for vascular diseases 09/2008; 37(3):285-8. · 1.21 Impact Factor