Jing-Hsien Chen

Chung Shan Medical University, 臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (24)82.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Extracts of Piper betle leaf (PBLs) are rich in bioactive compounds with potential chemopreventive ability. In this study, Hep3B cells which are p53 null were used to investigate the anti-tumor effect of PBLs in the cell and in the xenograft model. The results revealed that PBLs (0.1 to 1 mg mL(-1)) induced a dose- and time-dependent increase of cell toxicity. The underlying mechanisms as evidenced by flow cytometry and western blot analysis showed that PBLs triggered ATM, cAbl, and p73 expressions and activated JNK and p38 pathways that subsequently led to cell cycle arrest and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. PBLs also inhibited tumor growth in Hep3B-bearing mice via inducing the MAPK-p73 pathway. Our results demonstrated the in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor potential of PBLs, supporting their application as a novel chemopreventive agent for the treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the future via targeting the p73 pathway.
    Food & Function 11/2014; · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carnosic acid (CA), a diterpene found in the rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), has been reported neuroprotective effect. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) P (GSTP) is a phase II detoxifying enzyme that provides a neuroprotective effect. The aim of this study was to explore whether the neuroprotective effect of CA is via an upregulation of GSTP expression and the possible signaling pathways involved. SH-SY5Y cells were pretreated with 1 μM CA followed by treatment with 100 μM 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Both immunoblotting and enzyme activity results shown that CA also induced protein expression and enzyme activity of GSTP. Moreover, CA significantly increased the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, the nuclear translocation of p65, but not mitogen-activated protein kinases (p < 0.05). Pretreatment with LY294002 (a PI3K/Akt inhibitor) suppressed the CA-induced phosphorylation of IκB kinase (IKK) and IκBα, p65 nuclear translocation, and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)-DNA binding activity as well as GSTP protein expression. Furthermore, CA attenuated 6-OHDA-induced caspase 3 activation and cell death was reversed by GSTP siRNA or LY294002 treatment. Additionally, male Wistar rats with lesions induced by 6-OHDA treatment in the right striatum, treatment with CA significantly reversed the reduction in GSTP protein expression that resulted from lesioning. We suggest that CA prevents 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis through an increase in GSTP expression via activation of the PI3K/Akt/NF-κB pathway. Therefore, CA may be a promising candidate for use in the prevention of Parkinson's disease.
    Chemical Research in Toxicology 09/2014; · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Andrographolide (Andro), a diterpenoid lactone isolated from a traditional herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata, has been shown to suppress the growth and invasion of human colorectal carcinoma (CRC) Lovo cells, and trigger apoptosis in vitro. The potential of Andro as a chemotherapeutic agent in CRC was evaluated by investigating its cytotoxic effects as a single agent or in co-administration with cisplatin (CDDP). Andro potentiated the cytotoxic effect of CDDP in Lovo cells through apoptosis. The molecular mechanism for these favorable cellular response was further investigated by analyzing the apoptotic profiles, protein levels, and mRNA expression patterns of several key genes after treatments of Andro or/and CDDP. Molecular results indicated that the effect of Andro alone might be mediated via both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways in Lovo cells. The addition of Andro to CDDP induced synergistic apoptosis, which could be corroborated to the changes in protein and mRNA levels of Bax and Bcl-2, and the increased Fas/FasL association in these cells, resulting in increased release of cytochrome c, and activation of caspases. Pretreatment of Nok-1 monoclonal antibody, a Fas signaling inhibitor, or Bax inhibitor peptide V5 repressed the Andro-induced cleavage of procaspase and the sensitization to CDDP-induced apoptosis. Finally, the combination therapy of Andro with CDDP was evidenced by its synergistic inhibition on the growth of Lovo cells in xenograft tumor studies. The results indicate that Andro, in combination with chemotherapeutics, is likely to represent a potential therapeutic strategy for CRC.
    Toxicological Sciences 02/2014; · 4.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carassius auratus complex formula, including Carassius auratus, Rhizoma dioscoreae, Lycium chinense, and Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch, is a combination prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, which has always been used to treat diabetes mellitus in ancient China. In this study, we provided experimental evidence for the use of Carassius auratus complex formula in the treatment of high fat diet combined streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced type 2 diabetes. Carassius auratus complex formula aqueous extract was prepared and the effects of it on blood glucose, serum insulin, adipose tissue weight, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), total cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG) levels in mice were measured. Moreover, adiponectin, TG synthesis related gene expressions, and the inhibitory effect of aldose reductase (AR) were performed to evaluate its antidiabetic effects. After the 8-week treatment, blood glucose, insulin levels, and adipose tissue weight were significantly decreased. OGTT and HOMA-IR index showed improved glucose tolerance. It could also lower plasma TG, TC, and liver TG levels. Furthermore, Carassius auratus complex formula could inhibit the activity of AR and restore adiponectin expression in serum. Based on these findings, it is suggested that Carassius auratus complex formula possesses potent anti-diabetic effects on high fat diet combined STZ-induced diabetic mice.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2014; 2014:628473. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The chemokine CXCL12, designated stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), plays a significant role in many cancer metastases. Previous studies have shown that CXCL12-G801A, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 3' untranslated region, correlates with breast and lung cancer in Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the gene variant CXCL12-G801A with colorectal cancer (CRC) in a Taiwanese cohort. In this study, we used a denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) method to analyze the frequencies of CXCL12-G801A polymorphic variants between CRC patients (n = 258) and healthy controls (n = 300) in Taiwan. The SNP distribution was higher in CRC patients with TNM stage II (117/258) than healthy controls (52/300). We observed a significant increase in the G/A plus A/A genotype of the CXCL12-G801A polymorphism in CRC patients (45.35%) compared with healthy controls (17.33%). The analysis of allelic frequencies in both groups revealed that CRC patients have a higher frequency of A allele (23.45%) than healthy controls (8.67%). Furthermore, among older CRC patients, the frequency of the CXCL12-G801A genotype was significantly increased (p = 0.0148). Our observations suggest that the CXCL12-G801A genotype may be associated with some clinical manifestations in CRC patients in Taiwan.
    Archives of Medical Science 12/2013; 9(6):999-1005. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic lesions through the formation of macrophage-derived foam cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the anti-atherosclerotic effect of Hibiscus sabdariffa leaf polyphenolic extract (HLP), which is rich in flavonoid. The inhibitory effect of HLP on oxidation and lipid peroxidation of LDL was defined in vitro. HLP showed potential in reducing foam cell formation and intracellular lipid accumulation in oxidised-LDL (ox-LDL)-induced macrophage J774A.1 cells under non-cytotoxic concentrations. Molecular data showed these influences of HLP might be mediated via liver-X receptor α (LXRα)/ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) pathway, as demonstrated by the transfection of LXRα siRNA. Our data implied that HLP up-regulated the LXRα/ABCA1 pathway, which in turn led to stimulation of cholesterol removal from macrophages and delay atherosclerosis. These results suggested that HLP potentially could be developed as an anti-atherosclerotic agent.
    Food Chemistry 11/2013; 141(1):397-406. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gossypetin, a flavone originally isolated from Hibiscus species, has been shown to possess antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antimutagenic activities. Here, we investigated the mechanism(s) underlying the anti-atherosclerotic potential of gossypetin. 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity assay showed the addition of > 50 μM of gossypetin could scavenge over 50% of DPPH radicals. The inhibitory effects of gossypetin on the lipid and protein oxidation of LDL were defined by thiobarbituric acid relative substances (TBARS) assay, the relative electrophoretic mobility (REM) of oxidized LDL (ox-LDL), and fragmentation of apoB in the Cu(2+)-induced oxidation of LDL. Gossypetin showed potential in reducing ox-LDL-induced foam cell formation and intracellular lipid accumulation, and uptake ability of macrophages under non-cytotoxic concentrations. Molecular data showed that these influences of gossypetin might be mediated via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα)/ liver-X receptor α (LXRα)/ ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and PPARγ/ scavenger receptor CD36 pathways, as demonstrated by the transfection of PPARα siRNA or PPARγ expression vector. Our data implied that gossypetin regulated the PPARs signals, which in turn led to stimulation of cholesterol removal from macrophages and delay atherosclerosis. These results suggested that gossypetin potentially could be developed as an anti-atherosclerotic agent.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 07/2013; · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding the neuroprotective effects of the rosemary phenolic diterpene carnosic acid (CA) has attracted increasing attention. We explored the mechanism by which CA modulates the neurotoxic effects of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in SH-SY5Y cells. Cells were pretreated with CA for 12 h followed by treatment with 100 μM 6-OHDA for 12 or 24 h. Cell viability determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolim bromide (MTT) assay indicated that 0.1 to 1 μM CA dose-dependently attenuated the cell death induced by 6-OHDA, whereas the effect of 3-5 μM CA was weaker. CA at 1 μM suppressed the 6-OHDA-induced nuclear condensation, reactive oxygen species generation, and cleavage of caspase 3 and PARP. Immunoblots showed that the phosphorylation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 by 6-OHDA was reduced in the presence of CA. Incubation of cells with CA resulted in significant increases in the total glutathione (GSH) level and the protein expression of the γ-glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit and modifier subunit. l-Buthionine-sulfoximine, an inhibitor of GSH synthesis, attenuated the effect of CA on cell death and apoptosis. Treatment with CA also led to an increase in nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation, antioxidant response element (ARE)-luciferase reporter activity, and DNA binding to the ARE. Silencing of Nrf2 expression alleviated the reversal of p38 and JNK1/2 activation by CA. These results suggest that the attenuation of 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis by CA is associated with the Nrf2-driven synthesis of GSH, which in turn down-regulates the JNK and p38 signaling pathways. The CA compound may be a promising candidate for neuroprotection in Parkinson's disease.
    Chemical Research in Toxicology 08/2012; 25(9):1893-901. · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hibiscus sabdariffa leaf, the edible part of H. sabdariffa Linne, is usually ignored and discarded. The object of the study was to examine the anticancer properties of H.sabdariffa L. leaf extract (HLE). First, HLE was demonstrated to be rich in polyphenols, including catechin and ellagic acid (EA). 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) data showed that among three kinds of human prostate cancer (CaP) cells, androgen-dependent LNCaP cells were the most susceptible to HLE. HLE and its purified compound EA were evaluated for apoptotic activities. Molecular data showed the effect of HLE in LNCaP cells might be mediated via both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways. Finally, HLE inhibited the growth of LNCaP cells in xenograft tumour studies. As a result, our data presented the first evidence of HLE as an apoptosis inducer in LNCaP cells, and these findings may open interesting perspectives to the strategy in human CaP treatment.
    Food Chemistry. 05/2012; 132(2):880–891.
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    ABSTRACT: Carnosic acid (CA), a rosemary phenolic compound, has been shown to display anti-cancer activity. We examined the apoptotic effect of CA in human neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells and elucidated the role of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) associated with carcinogenesis. The result indicated that CA decreased the cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Further investigation in IMR-32 cells revealed that cell apoptosis following CA treatment is the mechanism as confirmed by flow cytometry, hoechst 33258, and caspase-3/-9 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation. Immunoblotting suggested a down-regulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein in the CA-treated cells. In flow cytometric analysis, CA caused the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS); however, pretreatment with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) attenuated the CA-induced generation of ROS and apoptosis. This effect was accompanied by increased activation of p38 and by decreased activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) as well as activation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). Moreover, NAC attenuated the CA-induced phosphorylation of p38. Silencing of p38 by siRNA gene knockdown reduced the CA-induced activation of caspase-3. In conclusion, ROS-mediated p38 MAPK activation plays a critical role in CA-induced apoptosis in IMR-32 cells.
    Neurochemical Research 08/2011; 36(12):2442-51. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    Hui-Hsuan Lin, Jing-Hsien Chen, Chau-Jong Wang
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    ABSTRACT: Hibiscus sabdariffa Linne is a traditional Chinese rose tea and has been effectively used in folk medicines for treatment of hypertension, inflammatory conditions. H. sabdariffa aqueous extracts (HSE) were prepared from the dried flowers of H. sabdariffa L., which are rich in phenolic acids, flavonoids and anthocyanins. In this review, we discuss the chemopreventive properties and possible mechanisms of various H. sabdariffa extracts. It has been demonstrated that HSE, H. sabdariffa polyphenol-rich extracts (HPE), H. sabdariffa anthocyanins (HAs), and H. sabdariffa protocatechuic acid (PCA) exert many biologic effects. PCA and HAs protected against oxidative damage induced by tert-butyl droperoxide (t-BHP) in rat primary hepatocytes. In rabbits fed cholesterol and human experimental studies, these studies imply HSE could be pursued as atherosclerosis chemopreventive agents as they inhibit LDL oxidation, foam cell formation, as well as smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation. The extracts also offer hepatoprotection by influencing the levels of lipid peroxidation products and liver marker enzymes in experimental hyperammonemia. PCA has also been shown to inhibit the carcinogenic action of various chemicals in different tissues of the rat. HAs and HPE were demonstrated to cause cancer cell apoptosis, especially in leukemia and gastric cancer. More recent studies investigated the protective effect of HSE and HPE in streptozotocin induced diabetic nephropathy. From all these studies, it is clear that various H. sabdariffa extracts exhibit activities against atherosclerosis, liver disease, cancer, diabetes and other metabolic syndromes. These results indicate that naturally occurring agents such as the bioactive compounds in H. sabdariffa could be developed as potent chemopreventive agents and natural healthy foods.
    Current Medicinal Chemistry 02/2011; 18(8):1245-54. · 3.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Andrographolide (Andro), a diterpenoid lactone isolated from a traditional herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata, is known to possess multiple pharmacological activities. In our previous study, Andro had been shown to inhibit non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell migration and invasion via down-regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway. Here we demonstrated that Andro inhibited the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in A549 cells. HIF-1α plays an important role in tumor growth, angiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of NSCLC. The Andro-induced decrease of cellular protein level of HIF-1α was correlated with a rapid ubiquitin-dependent degradation of HIF-1α, and was accompanied by increased expressions of hydroxyl-HIF-1α and prolyl hydroxylase (PHD2), and a later decrease of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) upon the treatment of Andro. The Andro-inhibited VEGF expression appeared to be a consequence of HIF-1α inactivation, because its DNA binding activity was suppressed by Andro. Molecular data showed that all these effects of Andro might be mediated via TGFβ1/PHD2/HIF-1α pathway, as demonstrated by the transfection of TGFβ1 overexpression vector and PHD2 siRNA, and the usage of a pharmacological MG132 inhibitor. Furthermore, we elucidated the involvement of Andro in HIF-1α transduced VEGF expression in A549 cells and other NSCLC cell lines. In conclusion, these results highlighted the potential effects of Andro, which may be developed as a chemotherapeutic or an anti-angiogenesis agent for NSCLC in the future.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 02/2011; 250(3):336-45. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protocatechuic acid (PCA) is plentiful in edible fruits and vegetables and is thus one anti-oxidative component of normal human diets. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the chemopreventive activity of PCA are poorly understood. Here, we investigated the mechanism(s) underlying the anti-metastatic potential of PCA. We used AGS cells in a wound healing model and Boyden chamber assays in vitro and injection of B16/F10 melanoma cells in mice (metastasis model in vivo) to analyse the effect of PCA on cancer cell invasion and metastasis. The activities and expression of molecular proteins were measured by zymographic assay, real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting. PCA inhibited cell migration and invasion at non-cytotoxic concentrations. Decreased expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and a coincident increase in tissue inhibitor of MMP followed treatment with PCA. The PCA-inhibited MMP-2 activity and expression was accompanied by inactivation of NF-κB. All these effects of PCA could be mediated via the RhoB/ protein kinase Cε (PKCε) and Ras/Akt cascade pathways, as demonstrated by inhibition of PKCε and transfection of PKCε siRNA and ras overexpression vector. Finally, PCA inhibited metastasis of B16/F10 melanoma cells to the liver in mice. Our data imply that PCA down-regulated the Ras/Akt/NF-κB pathway by targeting RhoB activation, which in turn led to a reduction of MMP-mediated cellular events in cancer cells and provides a new mechanism for the anti-cancer activity of PCA.
    British Journal of Pharmacology 01/2011; 162(1):237-54. · 5.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the leading cause of death among cancers worldwide and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) comprises more than 80% of lung cancer cases. Treatment options for patients with advanced NSCLC have evolved in the last decade with the advent of novel biological agents. Andrographolide, a diterpenoid lactone isolated from a traditional herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata, is known to have the potential to be developed as a chemotherapeutic agent. In order to understand the anti-cancer properties of andrographolide, we examined its effect on migration and invasion in human NSCLC A549 cells. The results of wound-healing assay and in vitro transwell assay revealed that andrographolide inhibited dose-dependently the migration and invasion of A549 cells under non-cytotoxic concentrations. Molecular data showed that the effect of andrographolide in A549 cells might be mediated via sustained inactivation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signal involved in the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Our results showed that andrographolide exerted an inhibitory effect on the activity and the mRNA and protein levels of MMP-7, but not MMP-2 or MMP-9. The andrographolide-inhibited MMP-7 expression or activity appeared to occur via activator protein-1 (AP-1) because of its DNA binding activity was suppressed by andrographolide. Additionally, the transfection of Akt over-expression vector (Akt1 cDNA) to A549 cells could result in an increase expression of MMP-7 concomitantly with a marked induction on cell invasion. These findings suggested that the inhibition on MMP-7 expression by andrographolide may be through suppression on PI3K/Akt/AP-1 signaling pathway, which in turn led to the reduced invasiveness of the cancer cells.
    European journal of pharmacology 04/2010; 632(1-3):23-32. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Andrographolide (Andro), a diterpenoid lactone isolated from a traditional herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata, is known to possess multiple pharmacological activities. In our previous study, Andro had been shown to have potent anti-cancer activity against human colorectal carcinoma Lovo cells by inhibiting cell-cycle progression. To further investigate the mechanism for the anti-cancer properties of Andro, it was used to examine the effect on migration and invasion of Lovo cells. The results of wound-healing assay and in vitro transwell assay revealed that Andro inhibited dose-dependently the migration and invasion of Lovo cells under non-cytotoxic concentrations. Using zymographic assay and RT-PCR, the results revealed that Andro diminished the activity and the mRNA and protein levels of MMP-7, but not MMP-2 or MMP-9. The down-regulation of MMP-7 appeared to be via the inactivation of activator protein-1 (AP-1) since the treatment with Andro suppressed the nuclear protein level of AP-1, which was accompanied by a decrease in DNA-binding level of the factor. Taken together, these results indicated that Andro reduces the MMP-7-mediated cellular events in Lovo cells, and provided a new mechanism for its anti-cancer activity.
    Chemico-biological interactions 06/2009; 180(3):344-52. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gaseous nitrogen oxide (gNO) is an important indoor and outdoor air pollutant. Many studies have indicated gNO causes lung tissue damage by its oxidation properties and free radicals. However, there are considerably few data on the association between lung cancer and gNO exposure. The purpose of this study was to examine whether gNO could contribute to the process of malignant progression of lung cancer. The results of wound-healing assay and in vitro transwell assay revealed that gNO-induced dose and time dependently the migration and invasion of A549 cells, a human lung cancer cell line, under noncytotoxic concentrations. gNO was able to induce release of NO from A549 cells, an effect that was mediated via the activation of inducible nitric oxide synthases (iNOS), but not constitutive isoforms, during the same treatment period. An increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and a coincided reduction in repress tissue inhibitors of metalloprotease-2 were observed upon the treatment of gNO. The gNO-mediated MMP-2 induction appeared to be a consequence of nuclear factor kappa B and activation protein-1 activation, because that their DNA binding activity was enhanced by gNO. All these influences of gNO were efficiently repressed by the pretreatment of a NOS inhibitor (N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester). Using a mouse model, we showed that gNO promoted A549 metastasis to the lung through a mechanism involving the iNOS-dependent MMP-2 activity. Our data imply that gNO exposure, which in turn led to iNOS activation and the enhancement of MMP-mediated cellular events, was related to lung cancer development.
    Toxicological Sciences 10/2008; 106(2):364-75. · 4.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, attention has been focused on the anti-cancer properties of pure components, an important role in the prevention of disease. Andrographolide (Andro), the major constituent of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees plant, is implicated towards its pharmacological activity. To investigate the mechanism basis for the anti-tumor properties of Andro, Andro was used to examine its effect on cell-cycle progression in human colorectal carcinoma Lovo cells. The data from cell growth experiment showed that Andro exhibited the anti-proliferation effect on Lovo cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. This event was accompanied the arrest of the cells at the G1-S phase by Andro at the tested concentrations of 0-30 microM. Cellular uptake of Andro and Andro was confirmed by capillary electrophoresis analysis and the intracellular accumulation of Andro (0.61+/-0.07 microM/mg protein) was observed when treatment of Lovo cells with Andro for 12h. In addition, an accumulation of the cells in G1 phase (15% increase for 10 microM of Andro) was observed as well as by the association with a marked decrease in the protein expression of Cyclin A, Cyclin D1, Cdk2 and Cdk4. Andro also inducted the content of Cdk inhibitor p21 and p16, and the phosphorylation of p53. Further immunoprecipitation studies found that, in response to the treatment, the formation of Cyclin D1/Cdk4 and Cyclin A/Cdk2 complexes had declined, preventing the phosphorylation of Rb and the subsequent dissociation of Rb/E2F complex. These results suggested Andro can inhibit Lovo cell growth by G1-S phase arrest, and was exerted by inducing the expression of p53, p21 and p16 that, in turn, repressed the activity of Cyclin D1/Cdk4 and/or Cyclin A/Cdk2, as well as Rb phosphorylation.
    Chemico-Biological Interactions 07/2008; 174(3):201-10. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid (protocatechuic acid, PCA) is discussed to represent antioxidative food components in a human diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and has been shown to prevent carcinogenesis or antitumor growth in vivo. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in chemopreventive activity of PCA are poorly understood. In this study, investigations were conducted to examine the detailed signaling pathway involved in PCA-induced apoptosis in human gastric adenocarcinoma (AGS) cells. The data from cell viability assay showed that PCA exhibited the antiproliferation effect on AGS cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The occurrence of apoptosis induced by PCA was confirmed by morphological and biochemical features, including apoptotic bodies formation and an increase in the distribution of hypodiploid phase. Molecular data showed the effect of PCA in AGS cells might be mediated via sustained phosphorylation and activation of JNK and p38 mitogen-activating protein kinases (MAPK), but not ERK. Treatment with pharmacological inhibitors or transfection with the mutant p38 or/and JNK expression vector reduced PCA-mediated apoptosis and the JNK/p38 MAPK-related proteins phosphorylation and expression, including ATF-2, c-Jun, FasL, Fas, p53 and Bax. Preincubation with Nok-1 monoclonal antibody, which is inhibitory to Fas signaling, interfered with PCA-induced cleavage of procaspase and sensitization to anti-APO-induced apoptosis. These results suggest the possible involvement of multiple signaling pathways from the MAPK to the subsequent mitochondria- and/or Fas-mediated caspase activation are potential requirements for PCA-induced AGS apoptosis. Further, PCA effectively induced JNK/p38 activation in PCA-response cell lines. Taken together, our data present the first evidence of PCA as an apoptosis inducer in AGS cells, even in tumor cells of digestive organs, and provide a new mechanism for its anticancer activity.
    International Journal of Cancer 07/2007; 120(11):2306-16. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is a common malignancy in many countries of the world, especially in Asia. Prevention is likely to be the most effective means of not only reducing the incidence but also mortality from this disease. The term 'chemoprevention' has been referred to the prevention of cancer using specific agents to suppress or reverse the carcinogenic process. In recent years, attention has been focused on the anticancer properties of edible plants, an important role in the prevention of disease. Hibiscus sabdariffa Linne (Malvaceae), an attractive plant believed to be native to Africa, is cultivated in the Sudan and Eastern Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the plant, H. sabdariffa extracts (HSE), affects the apoptosis of AGS cells. Using a set of apoptotic detection assays, they showed that HSE induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis of AGS cells in a concentration-dependent manner but is ineffective in Chang liver cells. The result also revealed increased phosphorylation in p38, JNK and c-Jun, cytochrome c release, and expression of Fas, FasL, Bax, and t-Bid in the HSE-treated AGS cells. We further used MAPK inhibitors to evaluate their effect on the HSE-induced AGS death. The data showed that SB203580 (p38 inhibitor), JNK inhibitor I and II or transfection with the mutant JNK expression vector had strong potential in inhibiting AGS cells apoptosis and related proteins expression. Finally, we suggested that HSE mediated AGS apoptosis via the JNK/p38 signaling cascade. According to these results, HSE could be developed as a chemopreventive agent.
    Chemico-Biological Interactions 02/2007; 165(1):59-75. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is present in environmental pollution and cigarette smoke. B[a]P has been shown to induce apoptosis in hepatoma cells, human B cells, human ectocervical cells, macrophages, and rat lungs. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are the other important indoor and outdoor air pollutants. Many studies have indicated that NO gas causes lung tissue damage both by its oxidative properties and free radicals. In our previous study we demonstrated that NO gas induced proliferation of human lung fibroblast MRC-5 cells. In this study we showed that NO gas inhibits B[a]P-induced MRC-5 cells apoptosis by cell cycle analysis. Western blot data revealed that NO gas increased the expressions of anti-apoptosis proteins (Bcl-2 and Mcl-1) and decreased the expression of apoptosis proteins (Bax, t-Bid, cytochrome c, FasL, and caspases) after B[a]P treatment. We further clarified that B[a]P-induced MRC-5 cell apoptosis via JNK1/FasL and JNK1/p53 signals. In conclusion, NO gas inhibited B[a]P-induced MRC-5 cells apoptosis via inhibition of JNK1 apoptosis pathway and induction of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 anti-apoptosis pathway.
    Archive für Toxikologie 01/2006; 79(12):694-704. · 5.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

308 Citations
82.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2013
    • Chung Shan Medical University
      • • Institute of Medicine
      • • School of Nutrition
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2011
    • China Medical University (ROC)
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2007–2011
    • Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology
      • College of Medicine and Life Science
      臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2009
    • East-Taiwan Veterans Hospital
      Hua-lien, Taiwan, Taiwan