Jian-Ping Wang

Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

Are you Jian-Ping Wang?

Claim your profile

Publications (72)59.5 Total impact

  • Zhi-Hua Liu, Liang Kang, Jian-Ping Wang
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Probiotics got protective effects on the intestinal barrier. Our present study is to review the basic and clinical progress on the regulation of the intestinal barrier by Lactobacillus and its active protein components, combing the study of our center. Our study have isolated the active component of micro integral membrane protein (MIMP) within the media place of the integral membrane protein of Lactobacillus plantarum, which was verified about the protective effects against the intestinal epithelial dysfunction. On the other hand, we also found the effects of perioperative use of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of postoperative intestinal barrier dysfunction, and reduction of the postoperative infective complications. In this review, we would like to report the founding of our center, involving in the basic and clinical research progress of regulation of intestinal barrier by Lactobacillus and its active protein component MIMP. Furthermore, we may also promote our following studies about the MIMP and its clinical verification.
    Molecular Biology Reports 09/2014; · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) played a pivotal role in the regulation of disease progression and correlated with tumor prognosis. Here, we characterized the prognostic effect of p-p38 in colorectal cancer (CRC). Three hundred and sixteen CRC patients in stages I-III were recruited in this study. P-p38 expression was semi-quantitatively evaluated using tissue microarrays and immunohistochemistry staining. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), local failure-free survival (LFFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) of patient subgroups, segregated by p-p38 expression level and clinical stage, were compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis. We found that p-p38 was overexpressed in 48.1 % (152/316) CRC tissues, whereas low or deficiently expressed in normal adjacent epithelia. Overexpression of p-p38 predicted poor OS (P < 0.001), DFS (P = 0.002), LFFS (P = 0.016), and DMFS (P = 0.025) in CRC. Importantly, patient subgroups in the early stage (stages I + II) and with low p-p38 had similar OS, PFS, LFFS, and DMFS probabilities to that of stage I, whereas those with high p-p38 were similar to stage III disease. In addition, for stage III disease, the subgroup with low p-p38 had a similar survival probability to that of stage I, whereas the subgroup with high p-p38 had the worst survival. Multivariate Cox analysis confirmed that p-p38 was indeed a significantly independent factor for death, recurrence, and distant metastases in CRC. Our results demonstrated that p-p38 was a negative independent prognostic factor for CRC. Complementing TNM staging with p-p38 might refine the risk definition more accurately for a subset of patients.
    Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine. 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Appendicectomy has been the gold standard treatment of acute appendicitis for more than a century, while nonoperative therapies, including antibiotics, have acquired increased interest in recent years. The present meta-analysis aimed to compare the therapeutic effects of antibiotics versus appendicectomy for the treatment of acute appendicitis. Medline, Embase and The Cochrane Library databases were searched. Prospective randomized controlled trials that compared antibiotic treatment with surgery were included. The outcomes evaluated included the time of hospital stay, complications and time to work. There were no statistically significant differences between the antibiotic and appendicectomy groups with regard to the time of hospital stay and complications. However, the time to work was significantly longer in the appendicectomy group when compared with the antibiotic group. In addition, the therapeutic effects of antibiotics and appendicectomy were comparable for the treatment of acute appendicitis.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 05/2014; 7(5):1181-1186. · 0.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide, with a high mortality rate, particularly among patients with advanced-stage disease complicated by bowel obstruction. The present study aimed to investigate the value of different surgical procedures and potential predictors of survival for patients with stage IV CRC, with or without bowel obstruction. Between August, 1994 and December, 2005, a total of 2,950 CRC patients were diagnosed and treated at our hospital. Among these, 381 patients had stage IV disease and were divided into two groups according to the presence (n=295) or absence (n=86) of bowel obstruction. The clinical data of all the patients with stage IV CRC were retrospectively analyzed and all the patients were followed up. Our results demonstrated statistically significant differences in gender, radical resection, histological type, ascites, tumor location, peritoneal and liver metastases between the obstruction and non-obstruction groups. We also observed that hepatic metastases and radical resection were factors associated with prognosis according to the univariate and multivariate analyses. Furthermore, the mean/median survival time was 49.4/21.6 and 37.2/17.1 months in the non-obstruction and obstruction groups, respectively. In conclusion, obstruction was not found to be an independent indicator of survival for patients with stage IV CRC, with patients in the obstruction group exhibiting a worse overall survival compared to those in the non-obstruction group, whereas active radical surgery significantly improved the prognosis of patients with stage IV CRC.
    Molecular and clinical oncology. 03/2014; 2(2):308-312.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As an activator of JNK and p38, phosphorylated MKK4 is considered to be associated with tumor progression and prognosis. This study was to examine the expression of pMKK4 and evaluate its prognostic significance in colorectal carcinoma. A total of 343 cases of colorectal cancer were followed up to analyze the associations between the expression of pMKK4 and various clinicopathological factors. The expression of Serine257/Threonine261 pMKK4 was detected immunohistochemically by tissue microarray. The staining of pMKK4 was present in cytoplasm of colorectal carcinoma. And the expression of pMKK4 was correlated with invasion depth (P = 0.003), differentiation (P = 0.018), lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001), metastasis (P < 0.001), hepatic metastasis (P = 0.039) and TNM stage (P < 0.001). The patients with strong pMKK4 staining had a better overall survival than those with lowered levels (Log rank = 4.531, P = 0.033). Univariate analysis indicated that the expression of pMKK4 was correlated with either overall survival (HR = 0.785, P = 0.035) or relapse-free survival (HR = 0.788, P = 0.044). In multivariate analysis, there was no prognostic significance of pMKK4 after adjusting for invasion depth, differentiation, lymph node metastasis, metastasis, liver metastasis and TNM stage. The down-regulation of S257/T261 pMKK4 is associated with more advanced stages and it plays an important role in tumor progression. A high-level expression of pMKK4 indicates favorable clinical outcomes, but it is not an independent predictor.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 03/2013; 93(10):746-50.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High density DNA methylation microarrays were used to study the differences of gene methylation level in six pairs of colorectal cancer (CRC) and adjacent normal mucosa. We analyzed the profile of methylated genes by NimbleGen Microarray and the biologic functions by NIH-NAVID. In addition, preliminary validation studies were done in six pairs of samples by MSP (methylation-specific PCR). A total of 4,644 genes had a difference in methylation levels. Among them 2,296 were hypermethylated (log2ratio > 1), 2,348 genes were hypomethylated (log2ratio < -1), in which 293 hypermethylated and 313 hypomethylated genes were unmapped according to the NIH-NAVID. All these genes were randomly distributed on all the chromosomes. However, chromosome 1 contained the most of the hypermethylated genes (232 genes), followed by chromosome 19 (149 genes), chromosome 11 (144 genes), chromosome 2 (141 genes), chromosomes 3 (127 genes). Through the analysis of the statistics, There were 2 hypermethylated/3 hypomethylated genes involved in six pairs of samples simultaneously, followed by 10/14 in five samples, 34/37 in four samples, 101/113 in three samples, 341/377 in two samples, 1,808/1,804 in one sample. According to gene ontology analysis, some physiological processes play important roles in the cell division and the development of tumor, such as apoptosis, DNA repair, immune, cell cycle, cell cycle checkpoint, cell adhesion and invasion etc. Through Preliminary validation, there were two genes (St3gal6, Opcml) in thirty top-ranking genes shown hypermethylated in six pairs of CRC and adjacent normal mucosa. Conclusions High density DNA methylation microarrays is an effective method for screening aberrantly methylated genes in CRC. The methylated genes should be further studied for diagnostic or prognostic markers for CRC.
    Molecular Biology Reports 03/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in gastric cancer has been extensively studied, the data of survival benefit is still controversial. The purpose of this work was to assess the effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: We searched systematically electronic through the databases of PUBMED, EMBASE, CBM-disc and CNKI for studies published from 1975. Two reviewers independently evaluated the relevant reports, and searched manually reference from these reports for additional trails. Outcomes assessed by meta-analysis included overall survival rate, progression-free survival rate, R0 resection rate, downstaging effect, postoperative complications and perioperative mortality. RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials with 781 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Odds ratio (95% confidence interval; P value), expressed as neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery versus surgery alone, was 1.16 (0.85,1.58; P=0.36) for overall survival, 1.24(0.78,1.96; P=0.36) for R0 resection, 1.25(0.75,2.09; P=0.39) for postoperative complications, 3.60 (0.59,22.45; P=0.17) for perioperative mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with surgery alone, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery was not associated with a higher rate of overall survival or complete resection (R0 resection). It does not increase treatment related morbidity and mortality. This meta-analysis did not demonstrate a survival benefit for the combination of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 02/2013; · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BRAF mutation has been investigated as a prognostic factor in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) undergoing anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (moAbs), but current results are still inconclusive. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between BRAF mutation status and the prognosis of mCRC patients treated with moAbs. Eligible studies were identified by systematically searching Pubmed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Knowledge, and OVID. Risk ratio (RR) for overall response rate (ORR), Hazard ratios (HRs) for Progression free survival (PFS) and Overall survival (OS) were extracted or calculated. Prespecified subgroup analyses were conducted in KRAS wild-type and in different study types. The source of between-trial variation was explored by sensitivity analyses. Quality assessment was conducted by the Hayden's criteria. A total of twenty one trials including 5229 patients were identified for the meta-analysis. 343 patients displayed BRAF mutations of 4616 (7.4%) patients with known BRAF status. Patients with BRAF wild-type (WT) showed decreased risks of progression and death with an improved PFS(HR 0.38, 95% confidence intervals 0.29-0.51) and an improved OS (HR 0.35 [0.29-0.42]), compared to BRAF mutant. In KRAS WT population, there were even larger PFS benefit (HR 0.29[0.19,0.43]) and larger OS benefit (HR 0.26 [0.20,0.35]) in BRAF WT. A response benefit for BRAF WT was observed (RR 0.31[0.18,0.53]) in KRAS WT patients, but not observed in unselected patients (RR 0.76 [0.43-1.33]). The results were consistent in the subgroup analysis of different study types. Heterogeneity between trials decreased in the subgroup and explained by sensitivity analysis. No publication bias of ORR, PFS and OS were detected. The results indicate that BRAF mutant is a predictive biomarker for poor prognosis in mCRC patients undergoing anti-EGFR MoAbs therapy, especially in KRAS WT patients. Additional large prospective trials are required to confirm the predictive role of BRAF status.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(6):e65995. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Zonulin is a newly discovered protein that has an important role in the regulation of intestinal permeability. Our previous study showed that probiotics can decrease the rate of infectious complications in patients undergoing colectomy for colorectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effects of the perioperative administration of probiotics on serum zonulin concentrations and the subsequent effect on postoperative infectious complications in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. DESIGN: A total of 150 patients with colorectal carcinoma were randomly assigned to the control group (n = 75), which received placebo, or the probiotics group (n = 75). Both the probiotics and placebo were given orally for 6 d preoperatively and 10 d postoperatively. Outcomes were measured by assessing bacterial translocation, postoperative intestinal permeability, serum zonulin concentrations, duration of postoperative pyrexia, and cumulative duration of antibiotic therapy. The postoperative infection rate, the positive rate of blood microbial DNA, and the incidence of postoperative infectious complications-including septicemia, central line infection, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and diarrhea-were also assessed. RESULTS: The infection rate was lower in the probiotics group than in the control group (P < 0.05). Probiotics decreased the serum zonulin concentration (P < 0.001), duration of postoperative pyrexia, duration of antibiotic therapy, and rate of postoperative infectious complications (all P < 0.05). The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway was inhibited by probiotics. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative probiotic treatment can reduce the rate of postoperative septicemia and is associated with reduced serum zonulin concentrations in patients undergoing colectomy. We propose a clinical regulatory model that might explain this association. This trial was registered at http://www.chictr.org/en/ as ChiCTR-TRC-00000423.
    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 12/2012; · 6.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of neoadjuvant therapy for resectable rectal cancer and the impact on postoperative complications. METHODS: Literature search was performed in PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, Springer-Link and Elsevier ScienceDirect for randomized controlled trials published before May 2010 that compared neoadjuvant therapy with surgery alone or postoperative adjuvant therapy. The computer search was supplemented with hand search of reference lists for available primary studies. Inclusion criteria and quality assessment were performed. RESULTS: Eleven studies including 7407 patients were enrolled for analysis. Neoadjuvant therapy group had significant advantages in local recurrence (OR=0.43, 95%CI:0.37-0.50, P<0.01), distant recurrence (OR=0.85, 95%CI:0.76-0.95, P<0.01), 5-year overall survival (RR=1.15, 95%CI:1.04-1.28, P<0.01), and sphincter-saving surgery (RR=1.48, 95%CI:1.17-1.87, P<0.01). There were no significant difference in postoperative mortality rate(OR=1.20, 95%CI:0.68-2.13, P=0.53) and anastomotic complications (OR=1.04, 95%CI:0.73-1.48, P=0.84). CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant therapy improves local control, distant recurrence and long-term survival without increasing postoperative complications.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 11/2012; 15(11):1150-1155.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the lymph nodes distribution and metastatic pattern of the ultra-low rectal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. A total of 21 rectal cancer gross specimen after neoadjuvant therapy and 23 rectal cancer gross specimen without neoadjuvant therapy were investigated by whole mount section and tissue microarray techniques with CK20. All the patients were treated by abdominoperineal resection. There were 138 lymph nodes retrieved from the mesorectum in the neoadjuvant group including 39 metastatic lymph nodes and 12 micro-metastatic lymph nodes. Among these nodes, there were 7 rectal cancer cases with lymph nodes and 2 cases with micro-metastatic lymph nodes, and 6 cases had pathological complete remission. There were 415 lymph nodes retrieved from the mesorectum in the group without neoadjuvant therapy including 169 metastatic lymph nodes and 59 micro-metastatic lymph nodes. Among these nodes, there were 12 rectal cancer cases with lymph nodes and 4 cases with micro-metastatic lymph nodes. The proportions of metastatic lymph nodes in outer zone between the two groups were 21.5% and 29.0%, and those in pre-zone were 17.6% and 17.2% respectively. The ratio of metastatic lymph nodes in ischiorectal fossa between the two groups were 25.0% vs. 22.2% respectively. The rate of metastatic or micro-metastatic lymph nodes cases between the two groups were 4.8% vs. 13.0% respectively. The lymph nodes distribution and metastatic pattern of the ultra-low rectal cancer are affected by neoadjuvant therapy. The proportions of the anal sphincter invasion and metastatic or micro-metastatic lymph nodes in ischiorectal fossa are lower after neoadjuvant therapy. Abdominoperineal resection as the standard treatment of the ultra-low rectal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy should be re-evaluated.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 10/2012; 15(10):1053-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Snail and Twist, transcriptional repressors of E-cadherin as well as inducers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, play pivotal roles in tumor invasion and metastasis. We investigated the expression of Snail, Twist, and E-cadherin by immunohistochemistry in 193 colorectal cancers, including 79 with positive lymph nodes, 36 with tumor deposits, 39 with both, and 39 with no metastases. Snail was expressed to a greater extent in the group with positive lymph nodes (68.4%), whereas Twist was overexpressed in patients with other metastases (75.0%). Ectopic expression of Snail and Twist correlated with reduced membranous expression of E-cadherin. Importantly, Snail overexpression correlated significantly with lymph node metastasis (P < .0001), whereas Twist up-regulation correlated strongly with other metastases (P < .0001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that Snail was an independent predictor of lymph node metastasis (odds ratio, 4.445; 95% confidence interval, 2.250-8.781; P < .0001), whereas Twist displayed predictive value for metastasis formation (odds ratio, 5.606; 95% confidence interval, 2.829-11.111; P < .0001), suggesting that lymph node and other metastases may follow different signaling pathways. In conclusion, ectopic expression of Snail and Twist contributed to lymph node and disseminated metastasis, respectively, by reducing E-cadherin expression, providing a novel role for Snail and Twist in the progression of colorectal cancer.
    Human pathology 09/2012; · 3.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To discuss the clinicopathological characteristics and access the immediate- and long-term outcome of radical surgery in patients with colon cancer invading duodenum. A retrospective review of 19 patients with colon cancer invading duodenum underwent radical surgery between 1995 and 2010 was performed. There were 7 male and 12 female, age ranged from 36 to 73 years with an average of 56 years. The main manifestations were abdominal pain, loss of weight, change of stool frequency and so on. The tumors located at the hepatic flexure in 15 patients. All of the patients underwent radical surgery, and none of the patients had positive resection margins. One patient underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with right hemicolectomy (RH). Two patients underwent pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with RH. One patient underwent duodenectomy combined with RH. Four patients underwent RH. And the other 11 patients underwent lateral duodectomy combined with RH. There was no postoperative morbidity and mortality, and the 30-day mortality rate was 0. The median overall survival was 5.3 years. Overall 1 and 5 years survival rate were 94.4% and 70.4%, respectively. And 3 patients developed recurrence in 3 years. The patients with colon cancer invading duodenum are lack of specific clinical manifestations. And the radical surgical procedure is safe, which could prolong the survival and improves the prognosis in these patients.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 09/2012; 50(9):810-3.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy and safety of the domestic biofragmentable anastomotic ring (BAR) from Hangzhou in the intestinal anastomosis. A total of 134 patients who underwent intestinal anastomosis from February 2010 to April 2011 in the First Municipal People's Hospital of Guangzhou and the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University were randomized into two groups. The Valtrac BAR from USA was employed in the control group while the experimental group used domestic BAR. The operative performance of the BARs, as well as the patients vital signs and bowel function, complications, fragmentation status of the rings were compared between two groups. No significant difference was found between two groups in the operative performance, the fragmentation status of the BARs, the temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, and bowel function (P>0.05). The domestic BAR possesses similar safety and efficacy with the Valtrac BAR in intestinal anastomosis.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 08/2012; 15(8):841-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of self-expending metallic stents (SEMS) as bridge to surgery versus emergency surgery for left-sided malignant colorectal obstruction. A comprehensive literature search of CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Ovid LWW, CMB, CNKI and Wanfang Databases were performed for all randomized controlled trials or retrospective studies comparing self-expending metallic stents as bridge to surgery(SABS group) with emergency surgery (ES group). A meta-analysis was carried out by RevMan5.1 software on the outcomes concerning safety and efficacy of the two groups. Fourteen studies matched the criteria including 1083 patients. Five were randomized controlled trials and nine were retrospective analysis. Compared with the ES group, the SABS group had a lower short-term mortality(RR=0.52, 95% CI:0.30-0.93, P<0.05), lower overall complications(RR=0.46, 95% CI:0.31-0.70, P<0.05), higher resection rate(RR=1.90, 95%CI:1.33-2.70, P<0.01), shorter operative time(MD=-59.77, 95%CI:-87.51--32.04, P<0.01), and shorter interval to first flatus(MD=-10.78, 95%CI:-16.67--4.90, P<0.01). There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in permanent stomy and hospital stay. The safety and efficacy of self-expending metallic stents as bridge to surgery for left-sided malignant colorectal obstruction is superior to emergency surgery.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 07/2012; 15(7):697-701.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Resveratrol has been reported to have potential chemopreventive and apoptosis-inducing properties in a variety of tumor cell lines. Objective: In this study, to investigate the effects of resveratrol on protein kinase C (PKC) activity and apoptosis in human colon carcinoma cells, we used HT-29 cells and examined the PKCα and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. Methods: To test the effects of resveratrol on the growth of HT- 29 cells, the cells were exposed to varying concentrations and assessed with the the MTT cell-viability assay. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis was applied to determine the effects of resveratrol on cell apoptosis. Western blotting was performed to determine the protein levels of PKCα and ERK1/2. In inhibition experiments, HT-29 cells were treated with Go?6976 or PD98059 for 30 min, followed by exposure to 200 μM resveratrol for 72 h. Results: Resveratrol had a significant inhibitory effect on HT-29 cell growth. FACS revealed that resveratrol induced apoptosis. Western blotting showed that e phosphorylation of PKCα and ERK1/2 was significantly increased in response to resveratrol treatment. Pre-treatment with PKCα and ERK1/2 inhibitors (Go?6976 and PD98059) promoted apoptosis. Conclusion: Resveratrol has significant anti-proliferative effects on the colon cancer cell line HT-29. The PKC- ERK1/2 signaling pathway can partially mediate resveratrol-induced apoptosis of HT-29 cells.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2012; 13(12):6017-22. · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Parastomal hernia is a common complication after colostomy construction. Whether an extraperitoneal route for colostomy creation can reduce the risk of parastomal hernia remains controversial. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the value of extraperitoneal route in the prevention of parastomal hernia and other postoperative complications related to colostomy. A literature search of Medline, Embase, Ovid, and Cochrane databases from the years 1966 to 2010 was performed. Studies comparing extraperitoneal colostomy with intraperitoneal colostomy were identified. Extraperitoneal colostomy was performed to prevent colostomy-related complications. Data on the following outcomes were sought: incidence of postoperative colostomy complications including parastomal hernia, prolapse, and bowel obstruction. Seven retrospective studies with a combined total of 1,071 patients (250 extraperitoneal colostomy and 821 intraperitoneal colostomy) were identified. There was a significantly lower rate of parastomal hernia (odds ratio, 0.41; 95% confidence interval, 0.23-0.73, p = 0.002) in the extraperitoneal colostomy group. However, the occurrences of bowel obstruction and prolapse were not significantly different between the two groups. A limitation of the study lies on the meta-analysis of observational studies. Extraperitoneal colostomy is associated with a lower rate of postoperative parastomal hernia as compared to intraperitoneal colostomy. Prospective randomized controlled trial is warranted to further determine the role of extraperitoneal route in the prevention of parastomal hernia.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 09/2011; 27(1):59-64. · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare oncologic adequacy of resection and long-term oncologic outcomes between laparoscopic-assisted surgery (LS) and open surgery (OS) in the treatment of rectal cancer. Literature searches of electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science,and Cochrane Library) and manual searches up to June 30, 2010 were performed to identify RCTs comparing values of oncologic adequacy of resection, recurrence and survival following LS and OS. Fixed and random effects models were used. Six RCTs enrolling 1033 participants (LS group:577 cases, OS group:456 cases)were included in the meta-analysis. Number of lymph node harvested was similar(WMD=-0.38, 95%CI:-1.35-0.58, P=0.43). LS had a slightly higher circumference resection margin(CRM) positive rate with no statistical significance[7.94% vs. 5.37%; risk ratio(RR)=1.13; 95%CI:0.69-1.85, P=0.63]. There was no significant difference between the two groups in local recurrence (RR=0.55; 95%CI:0.22-1.40, P=0.21). The 3-year overall survival [Hazard ratio(HR)=0.76; 95%CI:0.54-1.07, P=0.11] and 3-year disease-free survival(HR=1.16; 95%CI:0.61-2.20, P=0.64) were not significantly different between the two groups. Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery of rectal carcinoma offers similar oncological clearance and long-term oncological outcomes.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 08/2011; 14(8):606-10.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To explore the role of neoadjuvant imatinib mesylate (IM) therapy in sphincter-preserving procedures for anorectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Between January and December of 2007, 3 patients with primary anorectal GIST who declined recommendations to receive abdominoperineal resection of the rectum, were treated with IM at a single institution. Tumor size, distance to anal edge, and the number of mitoses were compared before and after the treatment. After 12 weeks of IM therapy, conservative surgical procedures were performed. After IM therapy for the 3 patients, computed tomography scan, colonoscopy, and biopsy showed a decrease in size of the rectal mass, an extension in the distance to anal edge, and a reduction in mitotic count. During this treatment regimen, the patients did not experience any side effects. A sphincter-preserving transsacral excision with direct coloanal anastomosis was performed and the resection margins were uninvolved on all sides. During 22 to 28 months postoperatively, the function of anal sphincter was satisfactory and no recurrence occurred among all 3 patients. Neoadjuvant IM therapy for anorectal GIST is safe and effective. Tumor shrinkage and an extension of the distance to anal edge have a clear benefit for the local excision, in terms of feasibility, function preservation, and safety.
    American journal of clinical oncology 06/2011; 34(3):314-6. · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate risk factors associated with prognosis in patients with radiation proctitis (RP). Between August 2007 and February 2010, 33 patients diagnosed with radiation proctitis were identified. Data pertaining to treatments and quality of life(QOL) were analyzed retrospectively. Indication for radiation included cervical cancer(n=22), prostate cancer (n=3), ovary cancer (n=2), rectal cancer (n=2), endometrical cancer(n=2), cervical cancer (n=1), and vaginal cancer(n =1). Data regarding radiation were available in 18 patients, and the mean dose was (61.3±12.9) Gy with a median dose of 61 Gy. Eleven were treated with enema therapy, 9 formalin dab, 12 surgical operations. Clinical improvement was noticed in 75% of the patients with a mean QOL score of 63.79±20.92. Prognosis was favorable in 75% of the patients. Surgical treatment was effective in 91.7% of the patients with severe complications. Univariate analysis showed that gender was associated with the prognosis of RP, while the severity of RP and treatment method were not predictive for RP prognosis. Gender but not disease severity is associated with the prognosis of radiation proctitis. Surgery may be beneficial to RP patients with severe complications.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 03/2011; 14(3):188-91.

Publication Stats

202 Citations
59.50 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2014
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
    • Zhongshan University
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2002–2013
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • Proteomics Lab
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China