A M Noyek

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (115)148.04 Total impact

  • American Journal of Otolaryngology 01/1997; 18(6):367-74. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fungal sinusitis should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic or recurring sinusitis resistant to adequate medical treatment. A high index of suspicion is necessary for the diagnosis, and the clinical examination is rarely conclusive. The definitive diagnosis depends on the pathologist in most cases. We reviewed retrospectively the imaging findings, specifically computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR), in a series of fungal sinusitis patients. Non-enhanced CT scan is more sensitive than conventional X-ray in detecting the classical focal areas of hyper-attenuation and calcification seen in soft-tissue masses of fungal sinusitis. MR findings of hypo-intense signals on T1-weighted sequences which progress to signal-void area on T2-weighted sequences, are characteristic features of fungal sinusitis; however, it is reserved for cases where intracranial invasion is suspected or CT findings are inconclusive.
    Rhinology 07/1995; 33(2):104-10. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A head and neck ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration clinic was set up to determine the role of ultrasound and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in the evaluation of patients with lesions in this region. One hundred ninety-five lesions were biopsied by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in 203 patients. Ultrasound detected 2 or more lesions in 14 (48%) of 29 patients with a clinically solitary thyroid nodule. Three (8.8%) of 34 lesions thought to be within the parotid gland were determined to be external. A pronounced learning curve was evident in the technique of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration, particularly for nonpalpable disease. Adequacy of sampling for each 3-month period was 71%, 89%, and 94%, respectively. Seventy-four percent of central aspirations were satisfactory compared to 54% of peripheral aspirations. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration did not alter the clinical staging of metastatic neck disease in 8 patients having 10 neck dissections but proved useful in detecting nodal recurrence in 3 irradiated necks that did not proceed to surgery. The smallest node to harbor malignancy had 4-mm maximal axial diameter. We conclude that ultrasound and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration are valuable adjuncts to the clinical examination.
    The Laryngoscope 07/1994; 104(6 Pt 1):669-74. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laryngeal verrucous carcinoma (LVC) is a rare, well-differentiated variant of squamous carcinoma with a low malignant potential. Human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 DNA has been identified in a small number of LVC and an etiologic relationship has been suggested. A correlative clinical and molecular pathological study was performed in order to determine the prevalence and typing of HPV DNA in LVC. Possible associations between patient and tumor subsets, and the presence of HPV DNA were also investigated. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 29 patients with LVC were examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using DNA primers specific for HPV types 6b/11, 16, and 18. Overall, HPV DNA was detected in 13 (45%) of the cases. Of these, HPV-16 DNA, HPV-18 DNA, and both HPV-16 DNA and HPV-18 DNA were detected in 4 (14% overall; 31% of positive cases), 4, and 5 (17% overall; 38% of positive cases), respectively. HPV-6b/11 DNA was not detected in any LVCs. In 16 cases, no HPV DNA was detected. There was a trend toward HPV DNA detection in higher stage tumors. HPV DNA detection was unrelated to patient age, tumor site, or radiotherapeutic responsiveness. The detection of HPV DNA in 45% of LVCs suggests an association between the presence of HPV-16 DNA and HPV-18 DNA, and some LVCs.
    The Laryngoscope 03/1994; 104(2):146-52. · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • F Tovi, D M Fliss, A M Noyek
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    ABSTRACT: Septic Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis (SIJVT) is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition which necessitates early clinical recognition and rapid administration of appropriate therapy. Although termed by some authors a "forgotten disease" in the antibiotic era, this entity is still present but frequently overlooked. Deep neck infections, Lemierre syndrome, central venous catheterization and mastoiditis are the etiologies in this series. The diagnosis of SIJVT utilized CT and Doppler ultrasound imaging. The treatment included aggressive abscesses, necrotizing fasciitis, mastoiditis). Anti-coagulant agents were used in order to reduce the risks of pulmonary embolism.
    The Journal of otolaryngology 01/1994; 22(6):415-20. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the prevalence and types of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in oral cavity verrucous carcinoma. This was of a retrospective screening study. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples were examined by the polymerase chain reaction using DNA primers specific for HPV types 6b/11, 16, and 18. The majority of patients were seen at referral centers in Ontario, Canada. This study examined 29 oral cavity verrucous carcinomas occurring in a sample of 25 patients from four institutions between 1966 and 1992. All tumors met standardized histologic diagnostic criteria of verrucous carcinoma. The prevalence of HPV 6b/11, 16, and 18 DNA was determined by the PCR technique. The HPV DNA was detected in 12 (48%) of 25 patients. The HPV 6b/11 DNA, HPV 16 DNA, HPV 18 DNA, and HPV 16 DNA plus HPV 18 DNA, were detected in one (4%), one (4%), nine (36%), and one (4%) cases, respectively. The detection of HPV 18 DNA in 40% of oral cavity verrucous carcinomas suggests an association between the presence of HPV 18 DNA and some oral cavity verrucous carcinomas. The etiologic and prognostic significance of HPV 18 for oral cavity verrucous carcinoma remains unanswered and will require further study.
    Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 01/1994; 119(12):1299-304. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The successful diagnosis and surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism due to parathyroid adenoma benefits significantly, in our experience, from a process of pre-operative imaging localization of the parathyroid adenoma. This prospective study evaluates a window of 25 consecutive patients who underwent pre-operative imaging localization prior to successful unilateral parathyroidectomy for parathyroid adenoma. All parathyroid adenomas were successfully localized by imaging, and subsequently documented photographically in surgical correlation, and pathologically confirmed. All patients were cured biochemically. Ultrasound accurately localized 92% of adenomas (100% in the neck and extrathyroidal) while radionuclide subtraction scanning identified 60% of a smaller subset. Both DSA and CT were successful in the two cases utilized, and MRI demonstrated four of five adenomas. The high yield of these pre-operative localization studies should make them an important consideration in the routine evaluation of patients undergoing surgery for possible parathyroid adenoma. Their usefulness in directing a conservative unilateral operation may result in time and cost savings, as well as reduced surgical exposure.
    The Journal of otolaryngology 09/1993; 22(4):301-6. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We consider that the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses cannot be declared completely normal without a normal CT scan. While CT scans are clearly useful in the evaluation of patients with recurrent sinusitis, it is important to emphasize that they should not be employed exclusively for diagnosis. Nasal endoscopy and clinical evaluation still form the basis for the diagnosis of chronic and recurring sinusitis. The CT technique described should be used only to supplement the clinical data obtained during history-taking and the rhinoscopic/endoscopic examination and is essential before functional endoscopic sinus surgery. The complexity of the diagnostic process is simplified to patient benefit when the radiologist and the otolaryngologist form a functional interactive partnership.
    The Journal of otolaryngology 09/1993; 22(4):253-60. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case report of a parotid epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) of intercalated ducts is presented. There were no changes in clinical characteristics or growth over a four-year period as documented by repeated clinical examination and serial ultrasounds. This neoplasm may be mistaken for an adenoid cystic carcinoma on fine needle aspiration and is believed to represent an adenocarcinoma of low malignant potential. The imperceptible growth of this epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma is in accord with a low malignant potential.
    The Journal of otolaryngology 07/1993; 22(3):176-9. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of a monomorphic adenoma of the minor salivary glands situated at the base of the tongue in a 49-year-old female is reported. The patient had a prolonged clinical course of eight years' duration. The histopathologic, immunohistologic and ultra-structural findings are described. A review of the literature concerning minor salivary gland tumors and their location in the oral cavity is presented. This is the first case, to our knowledge, of a monomorphic adenoma presenting at the base of the tongue. The difficulties in its diagnosis are discussed specifically in regard to its location.
    The Journal of otolaryngology 05/1993; 22(2):110-2. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The results of palpation, ultrasound, and detailed pathology were compared in 50 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. Of the 211 nodules recognized by pathology, palpation detected 24% and ultrasound detected 43%. There were 14 patients with palpable papillary carcinomas, and 12 of these 14 had metastatic foci in other portions of the gland. Metastatic foci would have been left in 10 patients if only a lobectomy had been performed and would have been left in 6 patients if only a subtotal thyroidectomy (as defined in this report) had been performed. Of the 33 patients with benign palpable nodules, 5 had occult papillary carcinomas. In 2 of those 5 patients, the occult carcinomas would not have been removed if a less-than-total thyroidectomy had been performed. The significance of these occult and metastatic papillary carcinomas is discussed.
    The Laryngoscope 03/1993; 103(2):149-55. · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 01/1993; 4(2):149-154.
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    ABSTRACT: In 1986, the authors reported the CT imaging findings which were specific for the diagnosis of schwannoma of the intrasternomastoid portion of the spinal accessory nerve. This successful imaging diagnosis led to appropriate surgical management with preservation of motor nerve function. In this manuscript, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was utilized to correctly diagnose the identical lesion, again with the same satisfactory surgical results. Both the CT and MRI findings are unique and specific, and the purpose of this short manuscript is to identify the MRI findings and link these to the previously recorded CT radiographic signs.
    The Journal of otolaryngology 09/1992; 21(4):286-9. · 0.50 Impact Factor
  • E Reifen, A M Noyek
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    ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old man, presenting with headache, was suspected of having a malignant nasopharyngeal tumor on the basis of his CT results. A CT scan revealed diffuse calcification in a large nasopharyngeal polyp. Xeroradiography of the specimen demonstrated the calcifications to extend centrally along the stroma. The histology and the radiologic features of this choanal polyp, resulting from diffuse central calcification of the stroma, are a unique feature that might mimic malignancy.
    The Journal of otolaryngology 07/1992; 21(3):199-201. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Detection of nasopharyngeal carcinoma primaries in patients presenting with neck node metastases may sometimes demand considerable efforts. By using the 'in situ hybridization' technique, we manage to identify the Epstein-Barr virus in neck metastases secondary to nasopharyngeal carcinomas. We propose that such identification in neck node metastases where the primary lesion is unknown indicates a nasopharyngeal primary.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 05/1992; 106(4):345-8. · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • E Reifen, A M Noyek, J B Mullen
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic value of nuclear morphometry in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) was investigated in 28 patients. Seven morphometric nuclear variables were measured on 100 randomly selected tumor cells in nasopharyngeal biopsies from 18 patients with NPC confined to the nasopharynx. The same variables were measured in 6 patients with metastatic NPC, as well as in lymph node biopsies from 4 patients with metastatic NPC. Nuclear area, nuclear perimeter, long and short nuclear axes, nuclear form factor, nucleolar area, and the ratio of nucleolar area to nuclear area were all measured. Volume-weighted mean nuclear volume was also obtained. Tumor cells from patients with NPC confined to the nasopharynx had significantly larger mean nuclear areas, perimeters, and volume-weighted mean nuclear volumes but significantly smaller nucleolar to nuclear area ratios than tumor cells from patients with nodal metastases. Assessment of nuclear form factor and diameters did not differentiate the two groups.
    The Laryngoscope 02/1992; 102(1):53-5. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In nasopharyngeal carcinoma the primary lesion is often difficult to find. Metastatic lesions occur frequently but are difficult to distinguish from other head and neck tumors. The viral genome of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can be identified in the cells of this carcinoma. We used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to test for the presence of EBV genomes in 15 samples of metastatic squamous-cell carcinoma of the neck obtained by fine-needle aspiration and in 26 samples obtained by biopsy of lymph nodes. For controls we used disease-free lymph nodes from 10 patients with various head and neck tumors, tonsillar tissue from 46 subjects, blood from 59 EBV-seropositive blood donors, and mononuclear cells from 8 patients with fatal lymphoproliferative lesions. Of the 41 malignant lesions examined, only the nine nasopharyngeal carcinomas (one primary lesion and eight metastases) contained EBV genomes. None of the 20 nodes with other types of cancer, the 10 disease-free nodes, or any of the 105 normal control samples contained detectable EBV. In two patients with suspected metastases from occult primary tumors, the presence of EBV was predictive of nasopharyngeal carcinoma; in both cases overt nasopharyngeal carcinoma developed within one year. In patients with suspected nasopharyngeal carcinoma, fine-needle aspiration can provide tissue for diagnosis by DNA amplification of EBV genomes. The presence of EBV in metastases from an occult primary tumor is predictive of the development of overt nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
    New England Journal of Medicine 02/1992; 326(1):17-21. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wise head and neck surgeons, for whom parotid gland surgery constitutes a substantial portion of their case load, make full use of the radiologist and cytologist in arriving at a rational pre-operative diagnosis. They utilize the skill of these allied consultants to qualify (by histology) and quantify (by staging) diffuse and mass lesions of the parotid gland (and subjacent parapharyngeal space) in order to evolve an effective surgical, radiation or other treatment plan. They understand the basic principles of diagnostic imaging and apply them to the clinical problem at hand. They minimize diagnostic and intra-operative "surprises", reduce intra-operative and post-operative complications and generally have a more "informed" patient and patient's family. The purpose of this manuscript is to discuss a contemporary role for diagnostic imaging in neoplastic (and other) diseases of the parotid gland and subjacent parapharyngeal space. Not all lesions of the parotid gland require imaging, although a pre-operative clinical photograph, including evidence of facial nerve function, is always welcome. Other lesions may need diagnostic imaging, from simple to complex and sophisticated, depending upon the problem. Properly used, effective and selective diagnostic imaging can improve the surgeon's confidence by providing a more realistic provisional diagnosis and a better pre-operative staging process and treatment plan, thereby avoiding the surgically unexpected and facilitating prognosis.
    Israel journal of medical sciences 01/1992; 28(3-4):193-7.
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines patterns of early metastatic spread as recorded in 19 clinically negative, histologically positive (occult) neck dissection specimens. Microscopic metastatic deposits were detected in this study in nodes measuring 10 mm and less. No nodes with extension of tumor beyond the capsule and into adjacent structures were noted. Central necrosis was detected in only one node. We suggest that the first stages of metastatic disease as evaluated by the pathologist in clinically occult nodes are minimal and may easily evade the eyes of both pathologists and radiologists. Imaging proved to be efficacious in upstaging clinically occult necks that were previously irradiated.
    Head & Neck 01/1992; 14(3):173-6. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical decision making is essentially based on experience, augmented by a management philosophy. In this manuscript we review concepts of thyroid and parathyroid surgical decision making in relation to diagnostic imaging input. These two endocrine glands have crucial anatomic associations, but very different pathologic conditions; it is the specific pathologic considerations that ultimately determine the decision-making process. For us, diagnostic imaging has enabled a more effective surgical decision-making process through thorough pre-operative planning. The strategy for parathyroid surgery is based upon the pathologic localization obtained by high resolution ultrasound. Thyroid surgical strategy is more heavily influenced by experience, and our policy is total thyroidectomy for all malignant and benign tumors with airway compression.
    Israel journal of medical sciences 01/1992; 28(3-4):221-4.

Publication Stats

529 Citations
148.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1974–1995
    • University of Toronto
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 1993
    • Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • McGill University
      • Department of Otolaryngology
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • 1987–1993
    • Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto
      • Department of Otolaryngology
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 1992
    • Hebrew University of Jerusalem
      • Department of Otolaryngology
      Jerusalem, Jerusalem District, Israel
    • Hadassah Medical Center
      • Department of Medical Biophysics and Nuclear Medicine
      Yerushalayim, Jerusalem District, Israel
  • 1991
    • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
      Be'er Sheva`, Southern District, Israel
  • 1990
    • Soroka Medical Center
      • Department of Otolaryngology
      Be'er Sheva`, Southern District, Israel