Yoshiyuki Wada

Tokyo Dental College, Tiba, Chiba, Japan

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Publications (4)6.03 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Porphyromonas gingivalis, a pathogen involved in the development of chronic periodontitis, has a number of major virulence factors, among which are its surface cysteine protease gingipains. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of inducing protective antibodies against P. gingivalis by means of immunization with recombinant Lactococcus lactis expressing the 44-kDa gingipain adhesion/hemagglutinin domain (Hgp44). Part of the Hgp44 sequence encoding the first 314 amino acid residues, residues 188-251, and residues 354-393 was amplified and inserted into shuttle plasmid pSGANC332, with the resulting chimeric plasmids designated as pISTY210, pCOL, and pSHGRP44A, respectively. After confirming the clone sequences, expression of recombinant proteins was investigated by immunoblot. The results revealed that while pISTY210 and pCOL both expressed the Hgp44 antigen on the surface of L. lactis, the level of expression was quite low. To enhance expression of the protein on the surface of the cells, cysteine residues were changed to serine residues by site-directed mutagenesis. Replacement of 3 out of 5 cysteine residues (pISTY213) significantly increased expression of the recombinant protein on the surface of the bacteria. Interestingly, replacement of the 4th cysteine residue (pISTY215) reduced antigenicity of the recombinant protein. These results indicate that expression of Hgp44 on the surface of L. lactis cells requires the replacement of several key cysteine residues, and that L. lactis expressing this antigen could be a promising candidate for immunization against P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis.
    The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College 01/2013; 54(4):233-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial metabolites demineralize dental hard tissues, and soluble factors lead to tertiary dentinogenesis in the area of the dentin-pulp complex. However, it is unclear whether the oral bacteria are directly involved in the differentiation of dental pulp cells. In this study, we evaluated the effect of oral bacterial extracts on cellular differentiation in human dental pulp-derived cells (hDPC). The hDPC were obtained from third molar teeth, and the cells were subcultured. The sonicated extracts were obtained from Porphyromonas gingivalis (gram-negative) and Streptococcus mutans (gram-positive). The effect of bacterial extracts on cellular growth and differentiation in hDPC were tested. Alkaline phosphatase activity and bone sialoprotein (BSP) gene expression were increased in hDPC exposed to low concentrations of both sonicated extracts, whereas the activity was decreased upon exposure to high concentrations of sonicated extracts from P. gingivalis. This is the first evidence that oral bacteria have a positive effect on cellular differentiation in hPDC.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 01/2010; 109(1):149-54. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neurotrophins, such as nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), promote neuronal development and neuronal survival, but their mechanisms remain controversial. This study aimed to investigate the hypothesis that NGF and BDNF interfere with angiotensin-II- and glutamate-induced facilitation of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (VDCCs) in nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) neurons. The profile of NGF and BDNF actions in acutely dissociated rat NTS was studied using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Pretreatment with NGF and BDNF attenuated angiotensin-II-induced facilitation of VDCCs, but did not attenuate glutamate-induced facilitation of the L-type VDCC current in NTS neurons. NGF-induced attenuation was antagonised by pretreatment with a tyrosine kinase A (TrkA) receptor antagonist K-252a. NGF attenuated angiotensin-II-induced facilitation of L-type VDCCs mediated by TrkA receptors in NTS neurons.
    Archives of oral biology 09/2008; 53(12):1192-201. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Galanin (GAL), a 29-amino-acid neuropeptide, is involved in various neuronal functions, including the regulation of food intake, hormone secretion and central cardiovascular regulation. The nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is known to plays a major role in the regulation of cardiovascular, respiratory, gustatory, hepatic and swallowing functions. Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) serve as crucial mediators of membrane excitability and Ca(2+)-dependent functions such as neurotransmitter release, enzyme activity and gene expression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of GAL on VDCCs currents (ICa) carried by Ba2+ (IBa) in the NTS using patch-clamp recording methods. An application of M617 (GalR1 specific agonist), AR-M961 (GAL receptor GalR 1/2 agonist) and GAL caused inhibition of N- and P/Q-types I(Ba). M617, GAL, and AR-M961 caused inhibition of I(Ba) in a concentration-dependent manner, with IC50s of 678 nM, 325 nM and 573 nM, respectively. This inhibition was relieved, albeit incompletely, by a depolarizing prepulse. Pretreatment with M35 (GalR non-specific antagonist) attenuated the M617-induced inhibition of I(Ba). Intracellular dialysis of the Galpha(i)-protein antibody also attenuated the Gal-induced inhibition of IBa. These results indicate that GAL inhibits N- and P/Q-types VDCCs via Galpha(i)-protein betagamma subunits mediated by GalR1 in NTS.
    Brain Research 07/2008; 1229:37-46. · 2.88 Impact Factor