Luigi de Luca Tupputi Schinosa

Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Apulia, Italy

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Publications (70)221.09 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility of a cardiac surgery registry and to describe patients' characteristics, type of procedures performed, incidence of postoperative complications with short and middle-term mortality.
    Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.). 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Antithrombin (AT) concentrations are reduced after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass compared with the preoperative levels. Low postoperative AT is associated with worse short- and mid-term clinical outcomes. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of AT administration on activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems, platelet function, and the inflammatory response in patients with low postoperative AT levels. Sixty patients with postoperative AT levels of less than 65% were randomly assigned to receive purified AT (5000 IU in three administrations) or placebo in the postoperative intensive care unit. Thirty patients with postoperative AT levels greater than 65% were observed as controls. Interleukin 6 (a marker of inflammation), prothrombin fragment 1-2 (a marker of thrombin generation), plasmin-antiplasmin complex (a marker of fibrinolysis), and platelet factor 4 (a marker of platelet activation) were measured at six different times. Compared with the no AT group and control patients, patients receiving AT showed significantly higher AT values until 48 hours after the last administration. Analysis of variance for repeated measures showed a significant effect of study treatment in reducing prothrombin fragment 1-2 (p = 0.009; interaction with time sample, p = 0.006) and plasmin-antiplasmin complex (p < 0.001; interaction with time sample, p < 0.001) values but not interleukin 6 (p = 0.877; interaction with time sample, p = 0.521) and platelet factor 4 (p = 0.913; interaction with time sample, p = 0.543). No difference in chest tube drainage, reopening for bleeding, and blood transfusion was observed. Antithrombin administration in patients with low AT activity after surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass reduces postoperative thrombin generation and fibrinolysis with no effects on platelet activation and inflammatory response.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 02/2014; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate performance of the European System for Cardiac Operation Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE II), to assess the influence of model updating and to derive a hierarchical tree for modelling the relationship between EuroSCORE II risk factors and hospital mortality after cardiac surgery in a large prospective contemporary cohort of consecutive adult patients. Data on consecutive patients, who underwent on-pump cardiac surgery or off-pump coronary artery bypass graft intervention, were retrieved from Puglia Adult Cardiac Surgery Registry. Discrimination, calibration, re-estimation of EuroSCORE II coefficients and hierarchical tree analysis of risk factors were assessed. Out 6293 procedures, 6191 (98.4%) had complete data for EuroSCORE II assessment with a hospital mortality rate of 4.85% and EuroSCORE II of 4.40 ± 7.04%. The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (0.830) showed good discriminative ability of EuroSCORE II in distinguishing patients who died and those who survived. Calibration of EuroSCORE II was preserved with lower predicted than observed risk in the highest EuroSCORE II deciles. At logistic regression analysis, the complete revision of the model had most of re-estimated regression coefficients not statistically different from those in the original EuroSCORE II model. When missing values were replaced with the mean EuroSCORE II value according to urgency and weight of intervention, the risk score confirmed discrimination and calibration obtained over the entire sample. A recursive tree-building algorithm of EuroSCORE II variables identified three large groups (55.1, 17.1 and 18.1% of procedures) with low-to-moderate risk (observed mortality of 1.5, 3.2 and 6.4%) and two groups (3.8 and 5.9% of procedures) at high risk (mortality of 14.6 and 32.2%). Patients with low-to-moderate risk had good agreement between observed events and predicted frequencies by EuroSCORE II, whereas those at greater risk showed an underestimation of expected mortality. This study demonstrates that EuroSCORE II is a good predictor of hospital mortality after cardiac surgery in an external validation cohort of contemporary patients from a multicentre prospective regional registry. The EuroSCORE II predicts hospital mortality with a slight underestimation in high-risk patients that should be further and better evaluated. The EuroSCORE II variables as a risk tree provides clinicians and surgeons a practical bedside tool for mortality risk stratification of patients at low, intermediate and high risk for hospital mortality after cardiac surgery.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 01/2014; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac operations is a serious complication associated with postoperative mortality. Multiple factors contribute to AKI development, principally ischemia-reperfusion injury and inflammatory response. It is well proven that glucocorticoid administration, leukocyte filter application, and miniaturized extracorporeal circuits (MECC) modulate inflammatory response. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which one of these inflammatory system modulation strategies was used, with the aim to evaluate the effects on postoperative AKI. MEDLINE and Cochrane Library were screened through November 2011 for RCTs in which an inflammatory system modulation strategy was adopted. Included were trials that reported data about postoperative renal outcomes. Because AKI was defined by different criteria, including biochemical determinations, urine output, or dialysis requirement, we unified renal outcome as worsening renal function (WRF). We identified 14 trials for steroids administration (931 patients, WRF incidence [treatment vs. placebo]: 2.7% vs. 2.4%; OR: 1.13; 95% CI: 0.53-2.43; P = 0.79), 9 trials for MECC (947 patients, WRF incidence: 2.4% vs. 0.9%; OR: 0.47; 95% CI: 0.18-1.25; P = 0.13), 6 trials for leukocyte filters (374 patients, WRF incidence: 1.1% vs. 7.5%; OR: 0.18; 95% CI: 0.05-0.64; P = 0.008). Only leukocyte filters effectively reduced WRF incidence. Not all cardiopulmonary bypass-related anti-inflammatory strategies analyzed reduced renal damage after cardiac operations. In adult patients, probably other factors are predominant on inflammation in determining AKI, and only leukocyte filters were effective. Large multicenter RCTs are needed in order to better evaluate the role of inflammation in AKI development after cardiac operations.
    Artificial Organs 07/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The receptor activator of the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL), its membrane receptor RANK and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG) are all members of the tumour necrosis factor family involved in bone metabolism and immune response. We evaluated the activation of the OPG/RANKL/RANK pathway in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with and without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery surgery were enrolled in the study and assigned either to the on-pump or to the off-pump group. Pre- and postoperative serum levels of OPG and RANKL were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; gene expression of OPG, RANKL, RANK and NF-κB p50 subunits were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood T-cells and monocytes. RESULTS: Serum levels of OPG significantly increased after surgery in both groups, whereas serum levels of RANKL did not differ over time. T-cells from the on-pump group showed increased gene expression of OPG, RANKL and RANK after the intervention, whereas no mRNA variation for these genes was detected in T-cells from off-pump patients. Gene expression of p50 subunit increased in T-cells and monocytes from both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac surgery induces the activation of the OPG/RANKL/RANK pathway; both on- and off-pump procedures are associated with increased postoperative OPG serum levels and up-regulation of the NF-κB p50 subunit.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 05/2013; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of incomplete heparin reversal and heparin rebound after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and the ability of the activated coagulation time (ACT) and thromboelastography (TEG) to detect these phenomena. DESIGN: Prospective single-center study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with CPB and with normal preoperative TEG parameters. INTERVENTIONS: ACT, TEG, and plasma heparin levels were measured in all patients at 5 different times between 20 minutes and 3 hours after protamine administration. The variability of TEG reaction time (R) with and without heparinase (delta-R [DR]) was used to detect the presence of residual heparin. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Plasma heparin expressed as anti-FXa activity was detected in 180 (88%) samples. At univariate analysis, ACT, R-kaolin (R-k), and DR significantly correlated with plasma heparin concentration (respectively, p = 0.007, p = 0.006, and p = 0.002). At multivariate analysis, R-k and DR remained associated with plasma heparin concentration (respectively, p = 0.014 and p = 0.004). Greater quartiles of heparin were associated with higher values of R-k and DR. Combined procedures had significantly lower DR than isolated procedures (p = 0.017), and CPB time and heparinization time positively correlated with R-k (respectively, p = 0.044 and p = 0.022). No association was observed between heparin concentration, ACT, and TEG parameters with postoperative bleeding and need for blood and blood components transfusions. CONCLUSIONS: Heparin rebound and incomplete heparin reversal are very common phenomena after cardiac surgery with CPB; ACT is not able to detect residual heparin activity, whereas TEG analysis with and without heparinase allows the diagnosis of heparin rebound.
    Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 04/2013; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES To compare coagulation and fibrinolysis activation in off-pump coronary artery bypass operation and in patients in whom a closed phosphorylcoline-coated cardiopulmonary bypass system was applied. Cardiopulmonary bypass induces activation of coagulative and fibrinolytic systems, which together with intraoperative haemodilution augment the risk of postoperative bleeding and transfusion of blood products.METHODS Thirty-six off-pump coronary artery bypass and 36 coronary artery bypass grafting patients in whom a closed, phosphorylcholine-coated cardiopulmonary bypass system with a closed-collapsible venous reservoir (Physio group) was used were prospectively enrolled. Activation of coagulation and fibrinolytic systems was assessed evaluating the release of prothrombin fragment 1.2 and plasmin-antiplasmin complex preoperatively (T0), 30 min after heparin administration (T1), 15 min after protamin administration (T2), 3 h after protamin administration (T3) and on postoperative days 1 (T4) and 5 (T5). Platelet function was evaluated through Platelet Function Analyzer 100(®).RESULTSDuring the operation, prothrombin fragment 1.2 and plasmin-antiplasmin levels were slightly higher in the Physio group, the difference being not statistically significant. In the off-pump coronary artery bypass group, prothrombin fragment 1.2 was significantly higher at T3 (618.7 ± 282.7 vs 416.6 ± 250.2 pmol/l; P = 0.006), T4 (416.7 ± 278.8 vs 310.2 ± 394.6 pmol/l; P < 0.001) and T5 (629.3 ± 295.2 vs 408.4 ± 409.7 pmol/l; P = 0.002), and plasmin-antiplasmin was significantly higher at T4 (731.1 ± 790 vs 334 ± 300.8 ng/ml; P = 0.019) and T5 (1744.4 ± 820.7 vs 860.1 ± 488.4 ng/ml; P = 0.003). Platelet Function Analyzer 100® closure time values were significantly higher in the Physio group patients at T3 (131.3 ± 105.7 vs 215.6 ± 58.9 s; P = 0.002). The off-pump coronary artery bypass patients had greater chest tube drainage (874.3 ± 371.5 vs 629.1 ± 334.5 ml; P = 0.005). The mean priming volume was 1240 ± 215 ml in the Physio group. Much more Physio patients received red blood cell transfusions (14 vs 25 patient; P = 0.009), because of higher intraoperative transfusion rates (6 vs 15 patients; P = 0.016). Despite similar preoperative haemoglobin levels (13 ± 1.2 vs 12.6 ± 1.4 g/dl; P = 0.2), postoperative haemoglobin levels were significantly lower in the Physio group.CONCLUSIONS The Physio cardiopulmonary bypass approach does not significantly alter haemostasis during the operation compared with off-pump coronary artery bypass providing a reduced activation in the postoperative period reducing also chest tube drainage. However, further priming volume reduction is required to decrease intraoperative red blood cell transfusion.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 01/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    G Scrascia, C Rotunno, D Nanna, R Rociola, P Guida, G Rubino, L de Luca Tupputi Schinosa, D Paparella
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    ABSTRACT: Cell saving systems are commonly used during cardiac operations to improve hemoglobin levels and to reduce blood product requirements. We analyzed the effects of residual pump blood salvage through a cell saver on coagulation and fibrinolysis activation and on postoperative hemoglobin levels. Thirty-four elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients were randomized. In 17 patients, residual cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit blood was transfused after the cell saving procedure (cell salvage group). In the other 17 patients, residual CPB circuit blood was discarded (control group). Activation of the coagulative, fibrinolytic and inflammatory systems was evaluated pre-operatively (Pre), 2 hours after the termination of CPB (T0) and 24 hours postoperatively (T1), measuring prothrombin fragment 1.2 (PF 1.2), plasmin-anti-plasmin (PAP), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The cell salvage group of patients had a significant improvement in hemoglobin levels after processed blood infusion (2.7 ± 1.7 g/dL vs 1.2 ± 1.1 g/dL; p=0.003). PF1.2 levels were significantly higher after infusion (T0: 1175 ± 770 pmol/L vs 730 ± 237 pmol/L; p=0.037; T1: 331 ± 235 pmol/L vs 174 ± 134 pmol/L; p=0.026). Also, PAP levels were higher in the cell salvage group, although not significantly (T0: 253 ± 251 ng/mL vs 168 ± 96 ng/mL; p: NS; T1: 95 ± 60 ng/mL vs 53 ± 32 ng/mL; p: NS). No differences were found for PAI-1, IL-6, heparin levels or for red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. The cell salvage group of patients had increased chest tube drainage (749 ± 320 vs 592 ± 264; p: NS) and fresh frozen plasma transfusion rate (5 (29%) pts vs 0 pts; p<0.04). Pump blood salvage with a cell saving system improved postoperative hemoglobin levels, but induced a strong thrombin generation, fibrinolysis activation and lower fibrinolysis inhibition. These conditions could generate a consumption coagulopathy.
    Perfusion 03/2012; 27(4):270-7. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ideal cardioplegic strategy in thoracic aorta operations requiring long cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp time has not been established. Suboptimal myocardial protection may lead to myocardial damage and possible post-operative complications. We evaluate post-operative cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) release, low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) and mortality, using a cold crystalloid single-dose intracellular or cold blood multidose cardioplegia in 112 elective or emergent thoracic aorta operation patients. Fifty-four patients (HTK group) received Custodiol® cardioplegic solution and 58 received cold blood cardioplegia (CB group). Cross-clamp time, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time and cTnI peak release were similar in both groups. No differences were found for atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, inotropic support, LCOS and in-hospital mortality. Two-way ANOVA analysis revealed an interactive effect on cTnI peak (p=0.012) of cardioplegic solution type across the cross-clamp time quintile. In the fifth quintile, cross-clamp time patient (>160 min) cTnI peak value was higher in CB patients (p=0.044). HTK and CB cardioplegic solutions assure similar myocardial protection in patients undergoing thoracic aorta operations. In long cross-clamp times, the lower post-operative cTnI release detected using HTK may be indicative of a better myocardial protection in these extreme conditions.
    Perfusion 06/2011; 26(5):427-33. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgery for acute aortic dissection (AAD) is frequently complicated by excessive postoperative bleeding and blood product transfusion. Blood flow through the nonendothelialized false lumen is a potential trigger for the activation of the hemostatic system; however, the physiopathology of the aortic dissection induced coagulopathy has never been precisely studied. The aim of the present study is the evaluation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems and platelet activation in patients undergoing surgery for AAD. Eighteen patients undergoing emergent surgery for Stanford type A AAD were enrolled in the study. The activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems and platelet activation were evaluated at 6 different time points before, during, and after the operation, measuring prothrombin fragment 1.2 (F1.2), plasmin-antiplasmin complex, and platelet factor 4, respectively. All measured biomarkers were increased before, during, and after the operations indicating a systemic activation of coagulation, fibrinolysis, and platelets. These changes were pronounced even preoperatively (T0), and soon after the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass (T1) when the influence of hypothermia and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time were not yet involved. Time from symptom onset to intervention inversely correlated with preoperative F1.2 (r=-0.75; p=0.002) and plasmin-antiplasmin levels (r=-0.57; p=0.034). Blood flow through the false lumen is a powerful activator of the hemostatic system even before the operation. This remarkable activation may influence postoperative outcome of AAD patients.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2011; 91(5):1364-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induce an acute inflammatory response contributing to postoperative morbidity. The use of steroids as anti-inflammatory agents in surgery using CPB has been tested in many trials and has been shown to have good anti-inflammatory effects but no clear clinical advantages for the lack of an adequately powered sample size. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of steroid treatment on mortality and morbidity after cardiac surgery. A systematic meta-analysis of randomized double-blind trials (RDBs). A university hospital. Adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery. A trial search was performed through PubMed and Cochrane databases from 1966 to January 2009. Among 104 clinical trials reviewed, 31 RDB trials (1,974 patients) were considered suitable to be analyzed. A quality assessment of the trials was performed using the Jadad score. The types of steroid used in these trials were methylprednisolone (51.4%), dexamethasone (34.3%), hydrocortisone (5.7%), prednisolone (2.9%), or a combination of methylprednisolone and dexamethasone (5.7%). Steroid prophylaxis provided a protective effect preventing postoperative atrial fibrillation (odds ratio = 0.56; confidence interval [CI] 0.44-0.72, p < 0.0001), reducing postoperative blood loss (mean difference = -204.2 mL; CI from -287.4 to -121 mL; p < 0.0001), and reducing intensive care unit (mean difference = -6.6 hours; CI from -10.5 to -2.7 hours, p = 0.0007) and overall hospital stay (mean difference = -0.8 days; CI from -1.4 to -0.2 days, p = 0.01). Steroid prophylaxis had no effect on postoperative mortality, mechanical ventilation duration, re-exploration for bleeding, and postoperative infection. A systematic review of RDB trials reveals that steroid prophylaxis may reduce morbidity after cardiac surgery and does not increase the risk of postoperative infections.
    Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 02/2011; 25(1):156-65. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of thyroid disease in patients with cardiac disease can be as high as 11.2%. Combined thyroid and cardiovascular surgery has rarely been reported. Ten patients (6 female, 4 male, age range 51-73 years) had total thyroidectomy and cardiac surgery in the same procedure in our surgical department. Six patients had coronary artery disease; four patients had valvulopathy. The thyroid goiter was retrosternal in 6 patients. Mean stay in the intensive care unit was 46.4 hours; the postoperative course was complicated by transient right laryngeal nerve palsy in one case and by transient hypocalcemia in the patients in whom a parathyroid autotransplantation was performed (n = 3). There was one case of hemodynamic compromise needing vasoactive drug support; the mean hospital stay was 8.4 days. Our experience and our review of the literature suggest that a single-stage procedure is safe and feasible and must be preferred to different operations as it has an acceptable peri-operative and anesthesiological risk.
    The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 12/2010; 58(8):450-4. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal timing for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unclear. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a widely accepted biomarker of myocardial damage. The objective of this study was to determine whether preoperative cTnI values could be used to determine risk stratification for CABG operations in patients with recent AMI. Evaluated were 184 patients who sustained an AMI within 21 days of undergoing nonurgent CABG operations. They were divided into two groups according to their preoperative cTnI values: 117 patients with cTnI of 0.15 ng/mL or less and 67 with cTnI exceeding 0.15 ng/mL. Associations between study variables and events were assessed with logistic regression modelling. Time from AMI to operation was evaluated to define preoperative cTnI variation. Values of cTnI tended to decrease when the interval between AMI and the operation increased. Preoperative cTnI values were significantly associated with a higher incidence of major postoperative complications (low cardiac output syndrome, intraaortic balloon pump necessity, mechanical ventilation >72 hours, acute renal failure, in-hospital mortality). Perioperative myocardial damage was more pronounced in patients with cTnI exceeding 0.15 ng/mL. Multivariate analyses revealed cTnI exceeding 0.15 ng/mL was an independent predictor for 6-month mortality (odds ratio, 3.7; p = 0.043). Preoperative cTnI exceeding 0.15 ng/mL in patients with recent AMI undergoing CABG is associated with higher postoperative myocardial damage and is a strong determinant of postoperative morbidity and mortality within the 6-month period.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2010; 89(3):696-702. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To date, no study has tested the effect of different heparin dosages on the hemostatic changes during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery, and a wide variety of empirical anticoagulation protocols are being applied. We tested the effect of two different heparin dosages on the activation of the hemostatic system in patients undergoing OPCABG procedures. Forty-two patients eligible for OPCABG procedures were assigned in a randomized fashion to low-dose heparin (150 IU/kg) or high-dose heparin (300 IU/kg). Prothrombin fragment 1+2, plasmin/alpha(2)-plasmin inhibitor complex, D-dimer, soluble tissue factor, tissue factor pathway inhibitor, total thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), and activated TAFIa were assayed by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays at six different timepoints, before, during, and after surgery. Platelet function was evaluated by means of an in vitro bleeding time test, platelet function analyzer-100. The OPCABG surgery was accompanied by significant changes of all plasma biomarkers, indicative of systemic activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis. A significant increase in circulating TAFIa was detected perioperatively and postoperatively, and multiple regression analysis indicated that prothrombin F1+2 but not plasmin/alpha(2)-antiplasmin complex was independently associated with TAFIa level. Platelet function analyzer-100 values did not change significantly after OPCABG. All hemostatic changes were similar in the two heparin groups, even perioperatively, when the difference in anticoagulation was maximal. Both early and late hemostatic changes, including TAFI activation, are similarly affected in the low-dose and high-dose heparin groups, suggesting that the increase in heparin dosage is not accompanied by a better control of clotting activation during OPCABG surgery.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 02/2010; 89(2):421-7. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Circulation 01/2010; 121(4). · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The The aim of our study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of diabetic cardiomyopathy through the identification of remarkable genes for the myocardial function that are expressed differently between diabetic and normal subjects. Moreover, we intend to characterize both in human myocardial tissue and in the related cardiac progenitor cells the pattern of gene expression and the levels of expression and protein activation of molecular effectors involved in the regulation of the myocardial function and differentiation to clarify whether in specific human pathological conditions (type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiac failure, coronary artery disease) specific alterations of the aforementioned factors could take place. Thirty-five patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or for aortic or mitral valve replacement were recruited into the study. There were 13 men and 22 women with a mean age of 64.8 +/- 13.4 years. A list of anamnestic, anthropometric, clinical, and instrumental data required for an optimal phenotypical characterization of the patients is reported. The small cardiac biopsy specimens were placed in the nourishing buffer, in a sterile tube provided the day of the procedure, to maintain the stability of the sample for several hours at room temperature. The cells were isolated by a dedicated protocol and then cultured in vitro. The sample was processed for total RNA extraction and levels of gene expression and protein activation of molecular effectors involved in the regulation of function and differentiation of human myocardium was analyzed. In particular, cardiac genes that modulate the oxidative stress response or the stress induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines (p66Shc, SOCS-1, SOCS-3) were analyzed. From a small sample of myocardium cardiac stem cells and cardiomyoblasts were also isolated and characterized. These cells showed a considerable proliferative capacity due to the fact that they demonstrate stability up to the eleventh passage. Analysis of gene expression in a subgroup of subjects showed the trend of a decrease in levels of expression of cardiac-specific transcription genes and oxidative stress-related proteins in tissues of diabetic patients compared with controls subjects. This trend is not confirmed in isolated cells. As for the coronary artery disease, diabetic cardiomyopathy could be associated with a reduction of the cardiac stem and progenitor cells pool. The expansion of the cardiac resident cells pool could be associated with a preservation of cardiac performance, suggesting that a preserved stamina compartment can counteract the impact of diabetes on the myocardium.
    Surgical technology international 01/2010; 19:165-74.
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    ABSTRACT: Restrictive annuloplasty with undersized mitral rings is used to correct functional mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. Seventeen patients with severe coronary artery disease, previous myocardial infarction, moderate/severe functional MR and heart failure symptoms were prospectively evaluated. All patients received CABG associated with restrictive annuloplasty. Preoperatively and 6 months after the operation, clinical evaluation, echocardiography and blood sampling for BNP measurement were performed. Operative mortality occurred in 1 patient. MR degree decreased from 3.8+/-0.3 to 1.0+/-0.7 (p<0.01), LVEF increased from 36+/-11% to 43+/-8% (p<0.05), left ventricular end diastolic diameters changed from 54.7+/-5.2 mm to 51.5+/-5.8 mm (p=0.51). NYHA class improved from 2.94+/-1.02 to 1.21+/-0.42 (p<0.01). Mean plasma BNP levels decreased from 471+/-248 pmol/l to 55.6+/-52.8 pmol/l (p<0.05). Restrictive mitral annuloplasty is a safe procedure to be associated to CABG operation. We demonstrated mid-term reduction of BNP plasma values after MR correction thus suggesting the effectiveness of surgical treatment in modifying natural history of the disease.
    International journal of cardiology 09/2009; 137(1):57-60. · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • Vascular Disease Prevention 07/2009; 6(1):47-50.
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    ABSTRACT: D-dimer has been reported to be elevated in acute aortic dissection. Potential use as a "rule-out" marker has been suggested, but concerns remain given that it is elevated in other acute chest diseases, including pulmonary embolism and ischemic heart disease. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of D-dimer testing in a study population of patients with suspected aortic dissection. In this prospective multicenter study, 220 patients with initial suspicion of having acute aortic dissection were enrolled, of whom 87 were diagnosed with acute aortic dissection and 133 with other final diagnoses, including myocardial infarction, angina, pulmonary embolism, and other uncertain diagnoses. D-dimer was markedly elevated in patients with acute aortic dissection. Analysis according to control disease, type of dissection, and time course showed that the widely used cutoff level of 500 ng/mL for ruling out pulmonary embolism also can reliably rule out aortic dissection, with a negative likelihood ratio of 0.07 throughout the first 24 hours. D-dimer levels may be useful in risk stratifying patients with suspected aortic dissection to rule out aortic dissection if used within the first 24 hours after symptom onset.
    Circulation 06/2009; 119(20):2702-7. · 15.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

522 Citations
221.09 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2014
    • Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro
      • Dipartimento della Emergenza e Trapianti d´Organo (DETO)
      Bari, Apulia, Italy
  • 2006
    • Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Policlinico Modena
      Modène, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 1994
    • Second University of Naples
      • Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
      Caserta, Campania, Italy
  • 1992
    • University of Naples Federico II
      Napoli, Campania, Italy