João A C Lima

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States

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Publications (405)2791.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is pathognomonic for atherosclerosis and is associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. We report the distribution of CAC in a prospectively enrolled cohort of diabetics. 393 diabetics (51 Type 12.9% and 342 Type II, 87%) received CCTA. Patients were followed for 4.0 +/-1.7 years. CAC was found to be heterogeneously distributed. Age, years with DM, and gender, and type were associated with higher CAC. Greater CAC was incrementally and statistically associated with CV outcomes. This argues against DM as a monolithic risk factor and suggests CAC is a promising screening tool to refine prognosis and select DM patients at the highest risk to apply more personalized risk factor reducing strategies.
    American College of Cardiology 2015, San Diego; 03/2015
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    ABSTRACT: The study was performed to determine age, sex, and time-dependent changes in aortic wall thickness (AWT) and to evaluate cross-sectional associations between AWT and arterial stiffness in older adults. Three hundred seventy-one longitudinal and 426 cross-sectional measurements of AWT from cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging studies conducted within the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis were analyzed at 2 points in time, in 2000 to 2002 and then again from follow-up examinations in 2010 to 2012. Aortic wall thickness was determined from a double inversion recovery black-blood fast spin-echo sequence, and aortic stiffness was measured from a phase-contrast cine gradient echo sequence. The thickness of the midthoracic descending aortic wall was measured and correlated to distensibility of the ascending aorta and aortic pulse wave velocity. The average rate of AWT change was 0.032 mm/y. The increase in AWT was greater for those aged 45 to 54 years relative to individuals older than 55 years (P trend<0.001). Ascending aortic distensibility was lower (P<0.001) and pulse wave velocity was higher (P=0.012) for hypertensive subjects. After adjustment for traditional risk factors, distensibility of the ascending aorta was significantly related to AWT in participants without hypertension. Hypertension was associated with increased aortic stiffness independent of aortic wall thickness. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Hypertension 03/2015; DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.05080 · 7.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to assess the impact of smoking status, cumulative pack-years, and time since cessation (the latter in former smokers only) on 3 important domains of cardiovascular disease: inflammation, vascular dynamics and function, and subclinical atherosclerosis. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) cohort enrolled 6814 adults without prior cardiovascular disease. Smoking variables were determined by self-report and confirmed with urinary cotinine. We examined cross-sectional associations between smoking parameters and (1) inflammatory biomarkers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP], interleukin-6, and fibrinogen); (2) vascular dynamics and function (brachial flow-mediated dilation and carotid distensibility by ultrasound, as well as aortic distensibility by MRI); and (3) subclinical atherosclerosis (coronary artery calcification, carotid intima-media thickness, and ankle-brachial index). We identified 3218 never smokers, 2607 former smokers, and 971 current smokers. Mean age was 62 years and 47% were male. There was no consistent association between smoking and vascular distensibility or flow-mediated dilation outcomes. In contrast, compared with never smokers, the adjusted association between current smoking and measures of either inflammation or subclinical atherosclerosis was consistently stronger than for former smoking (eg, odds ratio for hsCRP>2 mg/L of 1.7 [95% confidence interval, 1.5-2.1] versus 1.2 [1.1-1.4], odds ratio for coronary artery calcification>0 of 1.8 [1.5-2.1] versus 1.4 [1.2-1.6], respectively). Similar associations were seen for interleukin-6, fibrinogen, carotid intima-media thickness, and ankle-brachial index. A monotonic relationship was also found between increasing pack-years exposure and elevated inflammatory markers. Furthermore, current smokers with hsCRP>2 mg/L were more likely to have increased carotid intima-media thickness, abnormal ankle-brachial index, and coronary artery calcification>75th percentile for age, sex, and race (relative to smokers with hsCRP<2 mg/L, interaction P<0.05 for all 3 outcomes). In contrast, time since quitting in former smokers was independently associated with lower inflammation and atherosclerosis (eg, odds ratio for hsCRP>2 mg/L of 0.91 [0.88-0.95] and odds ratio for coronary artery calcification>0 of 0.94 [0.90-0.97] for every 5-year cessation interval). These findings expand our understanding of the harmful effects of smoking and help explain the cardiovascular benefits of smoking cessation. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 03/2015; DOI:10.1161/ATVBAHA.114.304960 · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between regular coffee consumption and the prevalence of coronary artery calcium (CAC) in a large sample of young and middle-aged asymptomatic men and women. This cross-sectional study included 25 138 men and women (mean age 41.3 years) without clinically evident cardiovascular disease who underwent a health screening examination that included a validated food frequency questionnaire and a multidetector CT to determine CAC scores. We used robust Tobit regression analyses to estimate the CAC score ratios associated with different levels of coffee consumption compared with no coffee consumption and adjusted for potential confounders. The prevalence of detectable CAC (CAC score >0) was 13.4% (n=3364), including 11.3% prevalence for CAC scores 1-100 (n=2832), and 2.1% prevalence for CAC scores >100 (n=532). The mean ±SD consumption of coffee was 1.8±1.5 cups/day. The multivariate-adjusted CAC score ratios (95% CIs) comparing coffee drinkers of <1, 1-<3, 3-<5, and ≥5 cups/day to non-coffee drinkers were 0.77 (0.49 to 1.19), 0.66 (0.43 to 1.02), 0.59 (0.38 to 0.93), and 0.81 (0.46 to 1.43), respectively (p for quadratic trend=0.02). The association was similar in subgroups defined by age, sex, smoking status, alcohol consumption, status of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. In this large sample of men and women apparently free of clinically evident cardiovascular disease, moderate coffee consumption was associated with a lower prevalence of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 03/2015; DOI:10.1136/heartjnl-2014-306663 · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epicardial fat may play a role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). We explored the relationship of epicardial fat volume (EFV) with the presence and severity of CAD or myocardial perfusion abnormalities in a diverse, symptomatic patient population. Patients (n=380) with known or suspected CAD who underwent 320-detector row computed tomographic angiography, nuclear stress perfusion imaging, and clinically driven invasive coronary angiography for the CORE320 international study were included. EFV was defined as adipose tissue within the pericardial borders as assessed by computed tomography using semiautomatic software. We used linear and logistic regression models to assess the relationship of EFV with coronary calcium score, stenosis severity by quantitative coronary angiography, and myocardial perfusion abnormalities by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Median EFV among patients (median age, 62.6 years) was 102 cm(3) (interquartile range: 53). A coronary calcium score of ≥1 was present in 83% of patients. Fifty-nine percent of patients had ≥1 coronary artery stenosis of ≥50% by quantitative coronary angiography, and 49% had abnormal myocardial perfusion results by SPECT. There were no significant associations between EFV and coronary artery calcium scanning, presence severity of ≥50% stenosis by quantitative coronary angiography, or abnormal myocardial perfusion by SPECT. In a diverse population of symptomatic patients referred for invasive coronary angiography, we did not find associations of EFV with the presence and severity of CAD or with myocardial perfusion abnormalities. The clinical significance of quantifying EFV remains uncertain but may relate to the pathophysiology of acute coronary events rather than the presence of atherosclerotic disease. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3):e002676. DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002676 · 5.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To measure association between hepatic fat and albuminuria (an early marker of renal injury) in individuals without diabetes or hypertension. 2,281 individuals in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis without diabetes or hypertension, renal disease, or excess alcohol consumption underwent computed tomography (CT) for assessment of liver attenuation (marker of hepatic lipid content) and urinalysis (for albuminuria) at initial study visit, with assessment of incident and prevalent albuminuria by logistic regression in follow-up. After adjustment for age, gender, race, smoking, blood pressure, insulin resistance, and body mass index, individuals with less liver fat (higher liver CT attenuation) had a lower probability of having albuminuria at Exam 1 (OR per 10 unit increase in attenuation 0.77, 95 % CI 0.61-0.97, P = 0.02). At median 9.3 years follow-up, albuminuria was identified in 129 individuals were (5.8 %). In fully adjusted models (with age, smoking, body mass index, blood pressure, diabetes and hypertension as time-dependent covariates), lower liver attenuation (greater liver fat) was associated with higher risk of incident albuminuria (OR 0.79, 95 % CI 0.66-0.94, P = 0.008). Hepatic attenuation is associated with prevalent and incident albuminuria, an early, potent risk factor for renal risk in a population not clearly at risk for future renal failure.
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    ABSTRACT: The role of atherosclerosis in the progression of global left ventricular dysfunction and cardiovascular events has been well recognized. Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony is a measure of regional myocardial dysfunction. Our objective was to investigate the relationship of subclinical atherosclerosis with mechanical LV dyssynchrony in a population-based asymptomatic multi-ethnic cohort. Participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) at exam 5 were evaluated using 1.5T cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, carotid ultrasound (n = 2062) for common carotid artery (CCA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) intima-media thickness (IMT), and cardiac computed tomography (n = 2039) for coronary artery calcium (CAC) assessment (Agatston method). Dyssynchrony indices were defined as the standard deviation of time to peak systolic circumferential strain (SD-TPS) and the difference between maximum and minimum (max-min) time to peak strain using harmonic phase imaging in 12 segments (3-slices × 4 segments). Multivariable regression analyses were performed to assess associations after adjusting for participant demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, LV mass, and ejection fraction. In multivariable analyses, SD-TPS was significantly related to measures of atherosclerosis, including CCA-IMT (8.7 ms/mm change in IMT, p = 0.020), ICA-IMT (19.2 ms/mm change in IMT, p < 0.001), carotid plaque score (1.2 ms/unit change in score, p < 0.001), and log transformed CAC+1 (0.66 ms/unit log-CAC+1, p = 0.018). These findings were consistent with other parameter of LV dyssynchrony i.e. max-min. In the MESA cohort, measures of atherosclerosis are associated with parameters of subclinical LV dyssynchrony in the absence of clinical coronary event and left-bundle-branch block. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Atherosclerosis 02/2015; 239(2):412-418. DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.01.041 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with left atrial (LA) structural and functional changes. Cardiac magnetic resonance late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and feature-tracking are capable of noninvasive quantification of LA fibrosis and myocardial motion, respectively. We sought to examine the association of phasic LA function with LA enhancement in patients with AF. LA structure and function was measured in 90 patients with AF (age 61±10 years; 76% men) referred for ablation and 14 healthy volunteers. Peak global longitudinal LA strain, LA systolic strain rate, and early and late diastolic strain rates were measured using cine-cardiac magnetic resonance images acquired during sinus rhythm. The degree of LGE was quantified. Compared with patients with paroxysmal AF (60% of cohort), those with persistent AF had larger maximum LA volume index (56±17 versus 49±13 mL/m(2); P=0.036), and increased LGE (27.1±11.7% versus 36.8±14.8%; P<0.001). Aside from LA active emptying fraction, all LA parameters (passive emptying fraction, peak global longitudinal LA strain, systolic strain rate, early diastolic strain rate, and late diastolic strain rate) were lower in patients with persistent AF (P<0.05 for all). Healthy volunteers had less LGE and higher LA functional parameters compared with patients with AF (P<0.05 for all). In multivariable analysis, increased LGE was associated with lower LA passive emptying fraction, peak global longitudinal LA strain, systolic strain rate, early diastolic strain rate, and late diastolic strain rate (P<0.05 for all). Increased LA enhancement is associated with decreased LA reservoir, conduit, and booster pump functions. Phasic measurement of LA function using feature-tracking cardiac magnetic resonance may add important information about the physiological importance of LA fibrosis. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 02/2015; 8(2). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002769 · 5.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the contemporary effect of smoking in a multiethnic sample, and to explore the respective contributions of inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis to the cardiovascular consequences of smoking. We studied 6814 participants free of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease (CHD) from Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Smoking status and cumulative exposure were determined by self-report and confirmed by urinary cotinine. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate the association between smoking parameters and all-cause cardiovascular disease, all-cause CHD, and hard CHD events. We further adjusted for high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and coronary artery calcium (CAC) in hierarchical Cox models. We identified 3218 never smokers, 2607 former smokers, and 971 current smokers. Median follow-up was 10.2 years. Compared with never smokers, adjusted hazard ratios in current smokers were 1.7 (95% confidence interval, 1.3-2.2) for all-cause cardiovascular disease, 1.6 (1.1-2.1) for all-cause CHD, and 1.7 (1.2-2.4) for hard CHD. Similarly, among current smokers, hazard ratios were higher in the 4th versus 1st quartile of pack-years (eg, all-cause CHD hazard ratio=2.7 [1.1-6.6]). Both CAC>100 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ≥3 mg/L identified higher relative risk among current smokers (eg, all-cause CHD hazard ratio of 3.0 [1.5-6.0, compared with CAC=0] and 2.6 [1.4-4.8, compared with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein <2 mg/L], respectively). However, CAC was a stronger mediator of events and adversely modified the effect of smoking on events (eg, P-interaction=0.02 for hard CHD). Compared with never smokers, former smokers (median cessation interval=22 years) had similar adjusted hazard for events. In this multiethnic cohort, current smoking and cumulative exposure remain important modifiable determinants of cardiovascular disease. Both high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ≥3 mg/L and, particularly, CAC>100 identified high-risk smokers who may benefit from more intensive smoking-cessation efforts. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 01/2015; DOI:10.1161/ATVBAHA.114.304562 · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pixel-based multimodality tissue tracking (MTT) is a new noninvasive method for the quantification of cardiac deformation from cine image of MRI. The aim of this study is to validate bi-ventricular strain measurement by MTT compared to strain-encoding (SENC) MRI and harmonic phase (HARP) MRI in pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients. In 45 subjects (30 PH patients and 15 normal subjects), RV and LV peak global longitudinal strains (Ell) were measured from long axis 4 chamber view using MTT. LV peak global circumferential strains (Ecc) by MTT were measured from short axis. For validation, RV and LV Ell by MTT were compared to measures by SENC-MRI from short axis, and LV Ecc by MTT was compared to measures by short axis tagged MRI analysis (HARP). Reproducibility of MTT was also determined. MTT quantified RV Ell correlated closely to those of SENC (r=0.72, p<0.001), with good limits of agreement. LV Ell quantified by MTT showed moderate correlation with SENC (r=0.57, p=0.001), and LV Ecc by MTT also showed moderate correlation with HARP (-16.9±4.1 vs -14.3±3.5, p<0.001 for all, r=0.60, p<0.001). RV Ell negatively correlated with RVEF (r=-0.53, p=0.001) and also positively correlated with mean PAP in PH patients (r=0.60, p=0.001). Strain measurement by MTT showed high reproducibility. We demonstrate that MTT is a reproducible tool for quantification of cardiac deformation using cine images in PH patients. Hence, it could serve as a new rapid and comprehensive technique for clinical assessment of regional cardiac function. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    International Journal of Cardiology 01/2015; 182C(Suppl 1):342-348. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.01.016 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively study estimated radiation doses for subjects included in the main analysis of the Combined Non-invasive Coronary Angiography and Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Using 320 Detector Computed Tomography (CORE320) study ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00934037), a clinical trial comparing combined CT angiography (CTA) and perfusion CT with the reference standard catheter angiography plus myocardial perfusion SPECT. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Prospectively acquired data on 381 CORE320 subjects were analyzed in four groups of testing related to radiation exposure. Radiation dose estimates were compared between modalities for combined CTA and perfusion CT with respect to covariates known to influence radiation exposure and for the main clinical outcomes defined by the trial. The final analysis assessed variations in radiation dose with respect to several factors inherent to the trial. RESULTS. The mean radiation dose estimate for the combined CTA and perfusion CT protocol (8.63 mSv) was significantly (p < 0.0001 for both) less than the average dose delivered from SPECT (10.48 mSv) and the average dose from diagnostic catheter angiography (11.63 mSv). There was no significant difference in estimated CTA-perfusion CT radiation dose for subjects who had false-positive or false-negative results in the CORE320 main analyses in a comparison with subjects for whom the CTA-perfusion CT findings were in accordance with the reference standard SPECT plus catheter angiographic findings. CONCLUSION. Radiation dose estimates from CORE320 support clinical implementation of a combined CT protocol for assessing coronary anatomy and myocardial perfusion.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 01/2015; 204(1):W27-36. DOI:10.2214/AJR.13.12375 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), initiated in July 2000, is a six-center longitudinal population-based study that included 6,814 men and women at baseline study. Cardiac MRI was part of the study procedures, representing the first large-scale application of cardiac MRI in a multi-center and multi-ethnic population study in the USA. To date, this is the largest ever MRI study. Such effort would come with a great potential for variability due to the number of professionals involved; therefore, an intensive quality control process was implemented since the very beginning. A workflow for process control was used to match image protocols in different types of MRI scanners, transfer images to the reading center, train technicians, and implement image quality scorecards. This article reviews the influence of research management for quality control and work standardization processes in cardiac magnetic MRI results at the 10th year of follow-up in MESA.
    Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports 01/2015; 8(5). DOI:10.1007/s12410-015-9329-x
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    ABSTRACT: The predictive value of ascending aortic distensibility (AAD) for mortality and hard cardiovascular disease (CVD) events has not been fully established. This study sought to assess the utility of AAD to predict mortality and incident CVD events beyond conventional risk factors in MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). AAD was measured with magnetic resonance imaging at baseline in 3,675 MESA participants free of overt CVD. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate risk of death, heart failure (HF), and incident CVD in relation to AAD, CVD risk factors, indexes of subclinical atherosclerosis, and Framingham risk score. There were 246 deaths, 171 hard CVD events (myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, stroke and CV death), and 88 HF events over a median 8.5-year follow-up. Decreased AAD was associated with increased all-cause mortality with a hazard ratio (HR) for the first versus fifth quintile of AAD of 2.7 (p = 0.008) independent of age, sex, ethnicity, other CVD risk factors, and indexes of subclinical atherosclerosis. Overall, patients with the lowest AAD had an independent 2-fold higher risk of hard CVD events. Decreased AAD was associated with CV events in low to intermediate- CVD risk individuals with an HR for the first quintile of AAD of 5.3 (p = 0.03) as well as with incident HF but not after full adjustment. Decreased proximal aorta distensibility significantly predicted all-cause mortality and hard CV events among individuals without overt CVD. AAD may help refine risk stratification, especially among asymptomatic, low- to intermediate-risk individuals. Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 12/2014; 64(24):2619-29. DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.09.060 · 15.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Low lung function is known to predict mortality in the general population, but the prognostic significance of emphysema on computed tomography (CT) in persons without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is uncertain. To determine whether greater emphysema-like lung on CT is associated with all-cause mortality among persons in the general population without airflow obstruction or COPD. Prospective cohort study. Population-based, multiethnic sample from 6 U.S. communities. 2965 participants aged 45 to 84 years without airflow obstruction on spirometry. Emphysema-like lung was defined as the number of lung voxels with attenuation less than -950 Hounsfield units on cardiac CT and was adjusted for the number of total imaged lung voxels. Among 2965 participants, 50.9% of whom had never smoked, there were 186 deaths over a median of 6.2 years. Greater emphysema-like lung was independently associated with increased mortality (adjusted hazard ratio per one-half interquartile range, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.04 to 1.24]; P = 0.004) after adjustment for potential confounders, including cardiovascular risk factors and FEV1. Generalized additive models supported a linear association between emphysema-like lung and mortality without evidence for a threshold. The association was of greatest magnitude among smokers, although multiplicative interaction terms did not support effect modification by smoking status. Cardiac CT scans did not include lung apices. The number of deaths was limited among subgroup analyses. Emphysema-like lung on CT was associated with all-cause mortality among persons without airflow obstruction or COPD in a general population sample, particularly among smokers. Recognition of the independent prognostic significance of emphysema on CT among patients without COPD on spirometry is warranted. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
    Annals of internal medicine 12/2014; 161(12):863-73. DOI:10.7326/M13-2570 · 16.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the low sensitivity of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in detecting left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), ECG-LVH is known to be a strong predictor of cardiovascular risk. Understanding reasons for the discrepancies in detection of LVH by ECG versus imaging could help improve the diagnostic ability of ECG. We examined factors associated with false-positive and false-negative ECG-LVH, using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the gold standard. We also compared the prognostic significance of ECG-LVH and MRI-LVH as predictors of cardiovascular events. This analysis included 4,748 participants (mean age 61.9 years, 53.5% females, 61.7% nonwhites). Logistic regression with stepwise selection was used to identify factors associated with false-positive (n = 208) and false-negative (n = 387), compared with true-positive (n = 208) and true-negative (n = 4,041) ECG-LVH, respectively. A false-negative ECG-LVH status was associated with increased odds of Hispanic race/ethnicity, current smoking, hypertension, increased systolic blood pressure, prolongation of QRS duration, and higher body mass index and with lower odds of increased ejection fraction (model-generalized R(2) = 0.20). A false-positive ECG-LVH status was associated with lower odds of black race, Hispanic race/ethnicity, minor ST-T abnormalities, increased systolic blood pressure, and presence of any major electrocardiographic abnormalities (model-generalized R(2) = 0.29). Both ECG-LVH and MRI-LVH were associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease events (hazard ratio 1.51, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 2.20 and hazard ratio 1.81, 95% confidence interval 1.33 to 2.46, respectively). In conclusion, discrepancy in LVH detection by ECG and MRI can be relatively improved by considering certain participant characteristics. Discrepancy in diagnostic performance, yet agreement on predictive ability, suggests that LVH by ECG and LVH by imaging are likely to be two distinct but somehow related phenotypes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.11.037 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus, yet CAD often is asymptomatic prior to myocardial infarction (MI) and coronary death.
    JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 11/2014; DOI:10.1001/jama.2014.15825 · 30.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The classic cardiovascular complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is cor pulmonale or right ventricular (RV) enlargement. Most studies of cor pulmonale were conducted decades ago. This study sought to examine RV changes in contemporary COPD and emphysema using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. We performed a case-control study nested predominantly in 2 general population studies of 310 participants with COPD and control subjects 50 to 79 years of age with ≥10 pack-years of smoking who were free of clinical cardiovascular disease. RV volumes and mass were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. COPD and COPD severity were defined according to standard spirometric criteria. The percentage of emphysema was defined as the percentage of lung regions <-950 Hounsfield units on full-lung computed tomography; emphysema subtypes were scored by radiologists. Results were adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, sex, height, weight, smoking status, pack-years, systemic hypertension, and sleep apnea. Right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) was reduced in COPD compared with control subjects (-7.8 ml; 95% confidence interval: -15.0 to -0.5 ml; p = 0.04). Increasing severity of COPD was associated with lower RVEDV (p = 0.004) and lower RV stroke volume (p < 0.001). RV mass and ejection fraction were similar between the groups. A greater percentage of emphysema also was associated with lower RVEDV (p = 0.005) and stroke volume (p < 0.001), as was the presence of centrilobular and paraseptal emphysema. RV volumes are lower without significant alterations in RV mass and ejection fraction in contemporary COPD, and this reduction is related to the greater percentage of emphysema on computed tomography. Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 11/2014; 64(19):2000-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.07.991 · 15.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prolonged heart rate–corrected QT interval on electrocardiograms (ECGs) is associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular disease (CVD)–related deaths in patients with prevalent coronary heart disease.Objectives This study sought to examine the prognostic association between the baseline QT interval and incident cardiovascular events in individuals without prior known CVD.Methods The corrected baseline 12-lead ECG QT interval duration (QTcorr) was determined by adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and RR interval duration in 6,273 participants in MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). Cox proportional hazards models adjusting for demographic and clinical risk factors were used to examine the association of baseline QTcorr with incident cardiovascular events.ResultsThe mean age at enrollment was 61.7 ± 10 years, and 53.4% of participants were women. Cardiovascular events occurred in 291 participants over a mean follow-up of 8.0 ± 1.7 years. Each 10-ms increase in the baseline QTcorr was associated with incident heart failure (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.14 to 1.37), CVD events (HR: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.20), and stroke (HR: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.32) after adjustment for CVD risk factors and potential confounders. There was no evidence of interaction with sex or ethnicity.Conclusions The QT interval was associated with incident cardiovascular events in middle-aged and older adults without prior CVD.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 11/2014; 64(20). DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.08.039 · 15.34 Impact Factor
  • Mohammadali Habibi, João A.C. Lima

Publication Stats

14k Citations
2,791.63 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2015
    • Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
      • Department of Epidemiology
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 1998–2015
    • Johns Hopkins Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Cardiology
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 1993–2015
    • Johns Hopkins University
      • • Department of Radiology
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Cardiology
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 2006–2012
    • Columbia University
      • Department of Medicine
      New York City, New York, United States
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      Los Ángeles, California, United States
  • 2009
    • University of Washington Seattle
      • Department of Biostatistics
      Seattle, Washington, United States
  • 2007
    • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
      Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2004
    • Ethianum Klinik Heidelberg
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • University of Zurich
      Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1997
    • University of Baltimore
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 1996
    • University of Maryland, Baltimore
      • Division of Cardiology
      Baltimore, MD, United States