Yu-Jie Liu

Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital), Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (33)8.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective To measure the tensile strength of the normal medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL), and evaluate the biomechanics of different fixation methods of the hamstring tendon graft on the patella. Methods Eight fresh cadaver knees were prepared by isolating the patella, leaving only the MPFL as its attachment to the medial condyle of femur. The MPFL was reconstructed by three different methods: four-suture fixation, anchors-single suture fixation, and anchors-double suture fixation. The tensile strength and the elongation of the normal MPFL and the tendon grafts were measured. Results The tensile strength of the four-suture fixation group (234.86±49.02 N) was stronger than that of the normal MPFL (146.91±25.30 N, P=0.0014) and the anchors-single suture group (159.17±49.07 N, P=0.0077), while weaker than that of the anchors-double suture group (314.74±78.46 N, P=0.0052) Conclusions With regard to the tensile strength, the four-suture fixation method is reliable for clinical use. Compared with the anchor-suture method, the four-suture fixation method which has no specific implants is more economical, convenient and efficient.
    Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 12/2013; 28(4):201-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The concrete anatomy and functional characteristics of the subtalar ligaments have been a matter of debate that some believe has hampered the progress of clinical ligament reconstruction. In 32 fresh-frozen cadaver feet, the course of the inferior extensor retinaculum (IER) and other subtalar ligaments was carefully measured and photographed both from the portal of the tarsal sinus and from a posterior view. The IER inserted inside the tarsal sinus and canal by means of 3 roots: a lateral, an intermediate, and a medial one. These roots, along with the tarsal canal, divided the subtalar space into 3 parts. In front of the IER and inside the tarsal sinus, the thick cervical ligament (CL) lay at a 45-degree angle to the calcaneus. Behind the IER and inside the posterior capsule, in most cases (25 of 32 specimens), the posterior capsular ligament (PCaL) lay directly in front of the posterior talocalcaneal facet. Inside the tarsal canal, the fan-shaped medial root of the IER spread from outside upper lateral to lower medial, and the interosseous talocalcaneal ligament (ITCL) ran from upper medial to lower lateral; fibers of these 2 ligaments blended tightly together to form a V-shaped ligament complex. Just anterior to this complex in some cases (20 of 32 specimens), a short narrow upright ligament, the tarsal canal ligament (TCL), was located behind the middle talocalcaneal joint. The results of this study show that the CL is the primary ligament in the tarsal sinus and that the ITCL is a thin single band rather than a strong bilaminar ligament located inside the tarsal canal. Instead, the medial root of the IER is the primary ligamentous structure in the tarsal canal. The anatomical description provided here may provide a more accurate theoretical foundation for clinical subtalar stability restoration.
    Foot & Ankle International 08/2013; · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore clinical effects of gluteal muscle contracture and minimum invasive surgery under the arthroscopy. Totally 358 patients with gluteus contracture were treated,which included 175 males and 183 females with an average age of (19.7 +/- 6.8) years old (ranged, 14 to 41). All patients have a history of repetitive intramuscular injection of penicillin with benzyl alcohol solvent. According to clinical characteristics and intraoperative situation, patients were classified into four groups:cable strip (118 cases), fanshaped (107 cases), mixed (87 cases), tensor fasciae latae contracture(46 cases). The curative effects were evaluated according to postoperative function evaluation standard of gluteus contracture. All patients were followed up and 37 cases withdrew. The following up time ranged from 1.5 to 8 years with an average of 3.5 years. According to evaluation standard of gluteus contracture, 303 cases got excellent results, 13 cases good,and 5 cases fair at the final follow-up. No recurrence, infection and neurovascular injury occurred. The classification of gluteal muscle contracture is beneficial for choose surgical strategy and improve curative effect. The advantage of plasma knife minimally invasive solution in treating gluteal muscle contracture with radiofrequency under arthroscopy is minimally invasive, safe, and benefit for early functional exercises.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 06/2013; 26(6):468-70.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the histological outcomes of tendon-bone healing in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with cortical press-fit bolt (CPB). Twenty-four healthy female or male New Zealand White rabbits (2-3 months old) underwent bilateral ACL reconstruction with extensor digitorum longus tendon. A random method was used to decide one knee would receive the routine ACL reconstruction (control group) and another cortical press-fit bolt fixation (experimental group). After general anesthesia, extensor digitorum longus tendon was harvested and ACL reconstruction performed. All animals were sacrificed at 4, 8 and 12 weeks postoperation. Radiological and histological examinations were made at each timepoint. The specimens were stained with different methods to observe the pathological changes of tendon graft, bone tunnel and cortical press-fit bolt. More revascularization and massive new bone were found in tendon-bone junction of experimental group at 4, 8 and 12 weeks postoperation. The circum-graft new vessel proportion of the experimental and control groups were 0.48 ± 0.12 and 0.26 ± 0.05 respectively (P < 0.05). In the experimental group, more cartilage cells were present in tendon-bone junction at 12 weeks and the circum-graft new bone areas in two groups were 0.41 ± 0.11 and 0.21 ± 0.10 mm(2) respectively (P < 0.05). Cortical press-fit blot may improve tendon-bone healing after ACL reconstruction in rabbits. The application prospects of this procedure are promising.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2013; 93(19):1503-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the curative effect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with tendon graft enveloped by preserved remnants. From June 2009 to June 2011,76 patients with ACL injury were treated, and the ACL was reconstructed with tendon graft enveloped by preserved remnants. There were 59 males and 17 females, aged 15 to 46 years with an average of 29 years. The causes of injuries included sports in 32 cases, training in 20 cases, traffic accidents in 16 cases, and other reasons in 8 cases. The average disease duration was 3 weeks (2 to 5 weeks). The results of Lachman test was positive in 72 cases and anterior drawer test were positive in 76 cases. The preoperative IKDC score was 45.9 +/- 3.6. The preoperative Lysholm knee score was 54.3 +/- 4.5. All incisions got an one stage healing, and no early complications occurred. Sixty-nine cases were followed up, and the duration ranged from 17 to 31 months (mean, 23 months). The result of Lachman test was negative at the latest follow-up. At the latest follow-up, the degree of IKDC was A in 36 cases, B in 30 cases, C in 3 cases, no one in degree D. The postoperative IKDC score was 91.5 +/- 3.4, showing significant difference compared with preoperative score. The postoperative Lysholm score was 92.4 +/- 3.8, showing a significant difference compared with preoperative score. The clinical effect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with tendon graft enveloped by preserved remnants is satisfactory.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 05/2013; 26(5):388-90.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate clinical effects of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with preservation of the remnant bundle. From January 2002 to December 2009, 57 patients with ACL partial rupture were treated with preservation of the remnant bundle. There were 39 males and 18 females, with an average age of 28.5 years old (ranged, 16 to 49 years old). Thirty-three patients had injuries in the left knees,and 24 patients had injuries in the right knees. Forty patients had injuries caused by sports, 7 patients had injuries caused by traffic accidents and 10 patients had injuries caused by daily sprain. The anterior drawer test showed positive results in 23 patients, weakly positive results in 6 cases; Lachman test showed positive results in 19 patients, and weakly positive in 4 patients. Both anterior drawer test and Lachman test showed positive results in 5 patients; and valgus stress test (medial) showed positive results in 24 patients. The mean value of Rolimeter measurement was 8.7 mm, (ranged, 7.5 to 11.5 mm). The mean International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was 70.0 +/- 7.5 and the Lysholm score was 68.0 +/- 6.3. The duration from injury to surgery was 1 week to 12 months,with an average of 3.1 months. There were 32 patients treated with anteromedial bundle reconstruction and 25 patients treated with poterolateral bundle reconstruction. Fifty-seven patients were followed up, and the mean follow-up time was 22.5 months (ranged, 13 to 37 months). The anterior drawer test and Lachman test were all negative at 1 month post-operation. At the end of the follow-up, the range of motion of all the knees was 120 to 130 degree. There were 54 patients with negative results of anterior drawer test and Lachman test, 1 with weakly positive result of anterior drawer test and 2 with weakly positive results of Lachman test. The measurements of Rolimeter showed excellent stability of the knee. The mean IKDC score was 92.0 +/- 4.9 and the mean Lysholm score was 91.0 +/- 3.7, which all improved compared to preoperative scores. Arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament with preservation of the remnant bundle has satisfactory effects on the knee stability, which could increase the angiogenesis and collagen of the ACL and improve the proprioception of the knee.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 05/2013; 26(5):376-80.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate therapy effect of radiofrequency in the treatment of painful heel syndrome under arthroscopy. From January 2006 to December 2011, 13 patients with painful heel syndrome being admitted into our hospital were studied. There were 5 males and 8 femals, ranging in age from 35 to 68 years. All these surgeries were performed under local anesthesia. After constructing a man-made lacouna in the subcutaneous tissue above plantar fascia, a medial and a lateral portal were established on both sides of plantar fascia and at the anterior edge of calcaneal tuberosity. Hyperplasia and torn fiber tissue of plantar fascia, and plantar calcaneal bursa were removed with radiofrequency probe under arthroscopy. Then penetration of the plantar fascia was carried out in a reticulation-shaped pattern with a special radiofrequency probe TOPAZ. Each patient was assessed with VAS pain evaluation criteria and AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score system (AOFAS-AH) before and after operation. All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 6 to 12 months. All the 13 patients got excellent recovery with their heel pain relieved significantly. VAS score was 8.71 +/- 1.64 before operation, 6.27 +/- 2.53 at the 1st month after operation, and 2.30 +/- 2.69 at the 6th month after operation. AOFAS-AH score was 56.43 +/- 3.72 preoperation, 68.15 +/- 7.38 at 1st month post operation, and 84.51 +/- 2.93 at 6th month after operation. There were no perioperative and postoperative complications related to the procedure, such as blood vessel and nerve injury, and infection. Plantar fasciitis and plantar calcaneal bursitis are main factors of painful heel syndrome. Due to advantages of being easy to operate, having definite effect and no use to do spur removal or plantar fasciotomy. Endoscopy assisted plantar calcaneal bursa removal and plantar fascia penetration by radiofrequency technique can be a satisfactory treatment method for painful heel syndrome.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 05/2013; 26(5):391-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of arthroscopic surgery in inflammatory hip arthritis. Methods A retrospective clinical study was conducted inspecting 40 hips in 36 patients of inflammatory arthritis. There were 17 cases of ankylosing spondylitis, 11 cases of rheumatoid arthritis, and 8 cases of psoriatic arthritis. The joints were irrigated and the inflamed tissues were debrided with anthroscopy. The patients were followed up with Harris hip score, Oxford hip score, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Statistical analysis was performed using Student t test.Results All of the 36 cases were followed up for 46-103 months, averaging 67.2±8.4 months. Harris and Oxford scores increased from 66.9±12.1 and 69.4±16.4 before operation to 78.4±19.3 and 80.2±18.8 after operation, respectively (P<0.05). VAS score decreased from pre-operative 8.5±2.5 to post-operative 7.2±2.5 (P<0.05). All the patients showed improved joint range of motion. MRI revealed alleviation of hip synovitis. The results were classified as excellent in 8 patients, good in 17 patients, fair in 8 patient, and poor in 3 according to Harris hip score. Twenty-seven patients were satisfied with the operative outcomes as they regained normal daily activities. Conclusions Arthroscopy-assisted joint debridement and synovium resection is an effective procedure for hip lesion in inflammatory arthritis. The inflammatory lesion might be thereby controlled and the symptoms be relieved.
    Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 03/2013; 28(1):39-43.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate effects of arthroscopic debridement and visco supplement for the treatment of degenerative osteoarthropathy of ankle. From October 2008 to May 2012, 30 patients with degenerative osteoarthropathy of ankle were treated with arthroscopy after ineffective treatment with conservative methods. Two patients lost follow-up. Among the patients, 19 patients were male and 9 patients were female, ranging in age from 28 to 56 years old, with a mean of (40.0+ 5.9)years old. Patients who had inflammatory or postinfectious arthritis,rheumatoid,gout,tuberculosis were excluded. Other exclusion criteria included previous arthroscopic treatment for ankle osteoarthropathy, intraarticular corticosteroid injection within the previous 6 months, a major neurologic deficit, serious medical illness and pregnancy. Articular cartilage iijuries were classified according to Outerbridge by the same doctor. Follow procedures were involved in the surgery: synovectomy,debridement or excision of fragments of articular cartilage or chondral flaps and osteophytes that prevented full extension. Microfracture of chondral defects was not performed. Ogilvie-Harris criteria was used to evaluate therapeutic effects. According to Ogilvie-Harris criteria, 10 patients got an excellent results, 14 good, 3 poor and 1 bad. The mean VAS score of pain decreased from preoperative 7.5+/-1.3 to postoperative 2.4+/-2.3. The score of dorsiflexion range (ROM-D) had no obvious change after operation [preoperative(27.0+/-7.3)degree and postoperative(29.0+/-5.6)degree]. The mean Tegner score increased from preoperative 2.7+/-1.3 to postoperative 5.6+/-2.2. Synovectomy, debridement or excision of chondral flaps and osteophytes under arthroscopy, as well as scheduled intraarticular sodium hyaluronate injection should be recommened to treat ankle degenerative osteoarthropathy.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 02/2013; 26(2):115-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To provide reliable data on articular cartilage lesions in different age group of patients with symptomatic knees requiring arthroscopy, and to analyze the characteristics of articular cartilage lesions. From November 2004 to September 2005, 568 patients were under arthroscopy in orthopaedics of Chinese PLA General Hospital. There were 242 males and 326 females, with a mean age of (43.0 +/- 11.2) years (ranged, 12 to 80 years). Surgery information including causes of injury, onset of symptoms, meniscus lesions, cruciate ligament pathology, articular cartilage lesions were collected by a special Data Management software. All the patients were divided into two groups : youth group and middle-aged group. The data of articular cartilage lesions of patients in the two groups were collected. There were 923 articular cartilage lesions in 389 patients, and 13 lesions were iatrogenic. In youth group, 212 lesions were found in 121 patients, and the main cause of lesions was menisci menisci injury (57/121 cases). In middle-aged group, 711 lesions were found in 268 patients,and the main cause of lesions was osteoarthritis (218/268 cases). The articular cartilage lesions located majorly in the lateral femoral condyle, medial femoral condyle and patellae in patients of the two groups. The major depth of the lesion was grade IV (330 lesions) in middle-aged group and grade III (71 lesions) in youth group,respectively. Articular cartilage lesions are common in patients under arthroscopy, and articular cartilage lesions of different age group of patients are different, so the best treatment method should be chosen regarding to age factors of patients.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 11/2012; 25(11):903-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacies of arthroscopic debridement and removal of osteophyma for olecroanon and olecranon fossa plasty for posterior impingement of elbow joint. Between 1999 and 2008, a total of 21 cases were diagnosed with osteoarthritis and posterior elbow impingement. There were 15 males and 6 females. And there were 16 right and 15 left cases. They included volleyball players (n = 7), tennis players (n = 7), golf enthusiasts (n = 4) and fencers (n = 3). The average duration of onset-operation was 3.5 years (range: 2.5 - 8). Arthroscopic exploration revealed synovial hyperplasia hypertrophy, cartilage degeneration and olecranon fossa hyperplasia with deformed olecranon fossa. Debridement and plasty were performed. Loose bodies were removed from elbow joint in 6 patients. Partial resection of posterior olecranon tip was performed and osteophytes or fibrous tissue removed in this area. Dynamic observation showed no posterior elbow impingement. Postoperative follow-up was conducted in 19 cases and 2 cases became lost to follow-up. The average follow-up period was 25.3 months (range: 18 - 42). All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with the Hospital for Special Surgery Elbow Assessment Scale. The outcomes were excellent (n = 12), good (n = 7) and fair (n = 2). Postoperative patients elbow swelling and pain relieve, sports and life function returns to normal, elbow flexion and rotating mobility obviously improved. With the elbow radiological films to measure the range of motion, the average range of motion was 90.5° preoperatively and improved to 130° postoperatively. There was significant improvement in all cases. Posterior elbow impingement is caused by hyperextension trauma and elbow overuse during specific sporting activities. Arthroscopic debridement and olecroanon or olecranon fossa plasty demonstrates excellent results for posterior impingement of elbow joint.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 07/2012; 92(27):1913-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the repair of rotator cuff tear by allogenic cortical bone anchors with the technique of suture bridge. A total of 18 patients with rotator cuff tear were recruited during the period of June 2006 to June 2009. There were 7 males and 11 females with an average age of 45.2 years old (range: 34 - 65). The locations included left shoulder (n = 11) and right shoulder (n = 7). Rotator cuff tear was repaired by allogenic cortical bone anchors with the technique of suture bridge under arthroscopy. The efficacy was evaluated by University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) standard score. The average follow-up period was 17.6 months (range: 12 - 36). The excellent rate of treatment was 100%. All rotator cuff tears were healed. Only 2 cases had minor pain and there was no limitation of joint activity. The bone anchor fully integrated with the subject area at Month 3 post-operation. The advantages of repairing rotator cuff tear by allograft cortical bone anchors with the technique of suture bridge includes minimal trauma, a large tendon bone area, firm fixation and a low cost. It is a better approach of repairing rotator cuff tear.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 07/2012; 92(25):1747-50.
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    ABSTRACT: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is the preferred operative treatment for recurrent patellar dislocation. The purpose of this study was to report a novel suture-tie technique of patellar side fixation in medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction for recurrent patellar dislocation, and to evaluate the intermediate-term results. We retrospectively reviewed the results of 22 MPFL reconstructions in 21 patients (6 male and 15 female) with a suture-tie technique performed by a single surgeon between March 2004 and July 2009. All patients had been diagnosed with recurrent patellar dislocation. Outcomes were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively by physical and radiographic examination as well as with Kujala and Lysholm scores. At the mean follow-up month 37.5 (range: 24 - 56 months), there was no graft failure. Primary healing was achieved in all cases. At the final follow-up, the mean Kujala score improved from 53.9 (range: 46 - 62 points) to 84.1 (range: 78 - 90 points) postoperatively (P < 0.05), and the mean Lysholm score improved from 47.2 points (range: 37 - 57 points) to 82.8 points (range: 76 - 89 points) postoperatively (P < 0.05). To date, no patients have reported redislocation or subluxation; however, there is one patient with a positive apprehension test. A suture-tie technique in medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction can restore patella stability without significant complication.
    Chinese medical journal 06/2012; 125(11):1884-8. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the diagnostic value of MRI and MR arthrography in the detection of injuries of anterior labrum in shoulder and to evaluate the accuracy of MR arthrography in the classification of anterior labrum lesion. Seventy-eight patients with arthroscopically proved anterior labrum lesions(study group) and 75 patients with arthroscopically proved intact anterior labrum (control group) from January 2007 to December 2010 were included to the study. All patients underwent MRI and MR arthrography at our institution prior to shoulder arthroscopy. All MRI and MR arthrography were analyzed by one musculoskeletal radiologists and one sports medicine surgeon who had no knowledge of the clinical histories and arthroscopic results. The same classification system of labrum lesions based on arthroscopy was used in image analysis. Imaging findings and arthroscopic findings were compared in all patients. With arthroscopy used as the standard of reference, the sensitivities, specificities and accuracies of MRI and MR arthrography in the detection of anterior labrum lesions were compared, and the sensitivities, specificities and accuracies of MR arthrography in the correct classification of anterior labrum lesions were calculated. In arthroscopy, 78 anterior labrum lesions, 67 rotator cuff lesions and 8 SLAP lesions were diagnosed, for the detection of anterior labrum lesions, the sensitivity of MRI and MR arthrography was 80.8% and 92.3%,the specificity was 89.3% and 97.3%,the accuracy was 85.0% and 94.8% respectively. Seventy-eight patients with arthroscopically proved anterior labrum lesions included 39 Bankart lesions, 32 ALPSA lesions and 7 Perthes lesions, with MR arthrography, Bankart, ALPSA, and Perthes lesions were correctly classified in 84.6%, 84.4%, and 57.1% of cases, respectively. MR arthrography has a higher sensitivity, specificity and accuracy than MRI in the detection of anterior labrum injuries. MR arthrography was useful in the classification of different variants of anterior labrum injuries before operations. It may directly influence the surgeon's strategy and is useful in preoperative planning of arthroscopic reconstructions.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 05/2012; 25(5):413-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the radiofrequency (RF) injury effect on cartilage in the different settings that are mostly used in clinical work under rigidly controlled laboratory conditions. Twelve fresh porcine knees were used in our study. Five treatment areas were created on the femoral condyles of each knee: the control group, coagulation (setting 2) group, coagulation (setting 7) group, ablation (setting 2) group, and ablation (setting 7) group. Hematoxylin/eosin staining, dual fluorescence staining, and the GAG content were observed to evaluate the histological cartilage changes, vacuolar cell rate of chondrocytes, depth of chondrocyte death, and detection of GAG content. Vacuolar cell rates of chondrocytes in each experimental group were higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference in vacuolar cell rate among experimental groups. Dual fluorescent staining showed that the ablation (setting 7) group had a smaller depth of cell death than did the coagulation (setting 2) group (P < 0.05); the other experimental groups showed no statistically significant difference (n.s.). In addition, there was no significant difference in GAG content between the experimental groups and control group (n.s.). The coagulation mode results in heavier thermal radiation injury to chondrocytes than does the ablation mode. Higher-power settings in the ablation mode result in lower thermal radiation injury and may be most suitable for cartilage debridement.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 12/2011; 20(10):1897-902. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a secreted protein containing several domains that mediate interactions with growth factors, integrins and extracellular matrix components. CTGF plays an important role in extracellular matrix production by its ability to mediate collagen deposition during wound healing. CTGF also induces neovascularization in vitro, suggesting a role in angiogenesis in vivo. We herein evaluated whether CTGF was required for extracellular matrix synthesis of meniscal fibrochondrocytes and/or angiogenesis during the repair of meniscal tears. Meniscal fibrochondrocytes were isolated from the inner-1/2 of rabbit meniscus by trypsin collagenase treatment and further treated with 100 ng/ml CTGF in vitro. Characterization of fibrochondrocytes was identified by flow cytometry analyzing CD31, CD44, CD45 and CD105, and was further tested by type II collagen immunocytochemistry. Changes in gene expression of meniscal fibrochondrocytes were monitored by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Histological sections prepared from a 3-mm portion of a longitudinal tearing defect in the middle of the rabbit meniscus were subjected to fluorescence-immunohistochemistry analysis at 1, 4 and 10 weeks following surgical treatment with 1.5 µg of CTGF/fibrin-glue composites. Quantitative RT-PCR assay showed that types I and II collagen and vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression in the 100 ng/ml CTGF group were remarkably enhanced as compared to levels in the no-dose group at 14 days ((2.38 ± 0.63) fold, (2.96 ± 0.87) fold, (2.14 ± 0.56) fold, respectively). Likewise, fluorescence-immunohistochemical analysis revealed that in the group implanted with CTGF-fibrin glue, types I and II collagen, as well as the capillaries, completely filled the defect by 10 weeks, postoperatively. In contrast, only soft tissue repair occurred when PBS-fibrin glue was implanted. These findings suggest that CTGF can significantly promote extracellular matrix deposition (types I and II collagen) within the meniscal avascular zone; CTGF can greatly heighten the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor activity simultaneously in vivo, further enhancing the repair of meniscal tears in the avascular zone.
    Chinese medical journal 12/2011; 124(23):3968-75. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the methods and results of arthroscopy-assisted ankle arthrodesis. From January 2001 to May 2009, 25 patients with end-stage ankle joint pathology were treated with arthroscopy-assisted ankle arthrodesis. There were 18 males and 7 females with an average age of 47.5 years (ranged, 32 to 70 years). The locations were left ankle in 10 cases and right ankle in 15 cases, including 13 cases of post-traumatic osteoarthritis, 10 cases of Kaschin-Beck disease and 2 cases of rheumatoid arthritis. At pre- and post-operation, the 10-point VAS score for ankle pain was obtained; the ankle functional was evaluated by the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society ankle and hindfoot score, which include pain, activity limitations, maximum walking distance, walking surfaces, gait abnormality, sagittal motion, hindfoot motion, ankle-hind-foot stability, and alignment. All the patients were follow-up,with a mean period of 27.5 months (ranged, 20 to 35 months). All the patients were free of pain and the gait was improved. There were no complications, such as neurovascular injuries, infection or hardware failure. All the patients achieved fusion in a mean of 11.7 weeks (ranged, 8 to 15 weeks). Overall, the mean 10-point visual analog scale (VAS) score decreased from (8.60 +/- 0.96) preoperatively to (1.20 +/- 0.82) postoperatively (t=27.326, P=0.000). After operation, the items of pain, activity limitations, maximum walking distance, walking surfaces, gait abnormality, sagittal motion, hindfoot motion, ankle-hind-foot stability, and alignment improved. AOFAS score was significantly increased from (36.44 +/- 9.90) points preoperatively to (82.44 +/- 4.96) points postoperatively (t=-19.178, P=0.000). Arthroscopy-assisted ankle arthrodesis offered minimal trauma, high fusion rates, rapid recovery and low morbidity. This study confirmed the efficacy of the arthroscopy-assisted ankle arthrodesis for ankle joint pathology.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 09/2011; 24(9):719-22.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of sternocleidomastoideus radiofrequency carbonation with local anesthesia under arthroscope for the treatment of congenital muscular torticollis in adults. Twenty-six cases of congenital muscular torticollis were treated by radiofrequency carbonation with local anesthesia under arthroscope. The right side was in 14 patients and left in 12. There were 11 males and 15 females with an average age of 22 years old. Sternocleidomastoideus and clavicula were pre-operatively marked. Through an artificial lacuna, arthroscope and radiofrequency probe were inserted. The mean follow-up period was 25 months (range: 15 - 71). According to the motion deficits, craniofacial asymmetry, head tilt and subjective assessment, there were 19 excellent and 7 fair outcomes. Most patients showed a marked improvement in neck motion and head tilt with satisfactory functional and cosmetic outcomes. There was no nerve or vascular injury, no recurrence, infection and scar. The overall efficacy was satisfactory. The radiofrequency therapy for torticollis with local anesthesia under arthroscopy has a satisfactory efficacy. The advantages are minimal trauma, simple procedure, less pain and better cosmetics.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 02/2011; 91(5):331-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical classification of chronic achilles tendinitis and analyze the surgical technique and efficacy of arthroscopic surgery. Twenty-two patients (16 males, 6 females) with chronic achilles tendinitis were recruited. The average age was 33.5 years old (range: 17 - 53). Sixteen cases were caused by sport injury while 6 cases had no definite etiological factor. The Achilles tendinopathy was divided into three types according to clinical characteristics and the results of X ray, CT scan and MRI examination of ankle: Type 1, hypertrophy (n = 10); Type 2, calcified tubercle (n = 5); Type 3, fiber tear (n = 7). All cases were treated with endoscopic debridement of ventral neovascularized area, peritendineum and Achilles tendon by shaver and radiofrequency (RF) probe. The patients were followed-up for a mean of 14 months (range: 9 - 15). Evaluated by our criteria and visual analogue scale, the post-operative efficacy was excellent in 12 cases, good in 8 and fair in 2. No postoperative complications, such as neurovascular injury, infection and rupture of Achilles tendon, was recorded. This scheme of classifying is helpful to the diagnosis and effective treatment of chronic Achilles tendonitis. With a high safety and a satisfactory efficacy, arthroscopic surgery has the advantages of minimally invasiveness.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 09/2010; 90(33):2317-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of arthroscopy debridement for adolescent ankylosing spondylitis (AS) with early hip-joint disease. A total of 22 cases (26 hips) of adolescent AS were recruited. There were 15 males and 7 females. The distribution was as follows: left side (n = 10), right side (n = 8) and bilateral (n = 4). The average age was 16 (14 - 19) years old. The procedures included adhesion relief of hip joint, removal of hyperplasic synovial membrane, degenerated cartilage debris and repairing exfoliated debris or exposed subchondral bone on hip joint. All patients were followed up for an average of 26 (6 - 84) months. Most patients experienced pain relief, restored function and the range of motion. According to Harris hip joint score and VAS pain score evaluation system, the outcomes were excellent (n = 6) fair (n = 14) and poor (n = 2). There was no case of total hip replacement. Arthroscopic debridement for adolescent ankylosing spondylitis with early hip joint disease is effective to improve joint motion and relieve pain.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 04/2010; 90(15):1048-50.