Irfan Orhan

Firat University, Mezreh, Elazığ, Turkey

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Publications (46)82.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of male pelvic dysfunction (MPD) and its correlation in men ≥40 years of age in a population-based study. This study was designed as a non-interventional, observational, cross-sectional field survey. Participating males of ≥40 years were randomly selected from 19 provinces of Turkey. All participants were asked to complete a survey including data regarding demographics, socio-economic status, socio-cultural factors, medical and sexual history, current medications, comorbidities and three validated questionnaires assessing lower urinary tract symptoms (International Prostate Symptom Score), erectile dysfunction (International Index of Erectile Function) and ejaculatory behaviour (Male Sexual Health Questionnaire-4). MPD was defined by combining abnormal scores calculated from all three questionnaires. All data were analysed statistically and p < 0.05 was accepted as significant. A total of 2730 males of ≥40 years (mean, 54.2 ± 10.6 years) were enrolled in this study. The prevalence of MPD was calculated as 24.4% among all participants. The prevalence of MPD was lowest at age between 40 and 49 years (9.1%) and highest at ≥70 years (76.6%), exhibiting correlation with age. Each decade of increase in age was associated with a 3.4-fold increase in presence of MPD. At logistic regression analyses; age, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, obesity and lower income were found to be independent predictors for increased prevalence of MPD. This study reports prevalence of MPD as 24.4% in males of ≥40 years. Furthermore, age was found to be the main independent predictor of having MPD.
    Andrology 12/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the early therapeutic alternatives such as bosentan, an endothelin receptor blocker, theophylline, an adenosin receptor blocker, and a nonselective phosphodiesterase enzyme inhibitor, zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), a heme oxygenase 1 inhibitor, for the therapy of ischemic priapism in the rat models. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 equal groups: control group, ZnPP group, bosentan group, and theophylline group. Erection was provided by vacuum constriction method and maintained for 4 hours for achieving the priapism in all groups. The rats in the control group were administered 1 mL/kg saline intraperitoneally (ip). The rats in group 2 were administered 25 mg/kg ZnPP ip. The rats in group 3 were administered 0.25 mg/kg bosentan ip. The rats in group 4 were administered 100 mg/kg theophylline ip. Six rats from each group were decapitated after 6 hours of drug administration. Then endothelin 1, adenosine deaminase, heme oxygenase 1 enzymatic activity, and apoptosis index in the cavernous tissues were estimated. Cavernous tissue endothelin 1, adenosine deaminase, heme oxygenase 1 enzymatic activity levels, and apoptosis index were significantly decreased in bosentan, theophylline, and ZnPP-treated rats compared with the controls. Inhibition of priapism induced apoptosis with bosentan, theophylline, and ZnPP seems promising on preserving erectile function.
    Urology 09/2013; 82(3):625-9. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the utility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in differentiation of prostate cancer from normal prostate parenchyma and prostatitis we obtained ADC values of 50 patients at b 100, 600 and 1,000 s/mm(2) diffusion gradients. The ADC values of prostate cancer group were significantly lower than normal prostate and prostatitis group at b 600 and 1,000 s/mm(2) gradients. The ADC values at high diffusion gradients may be used in differentiation prostate cancer from normal prostate and prostatitis.
    Quantitative imaging in medicine and surgery. 08/2013; 3(4):210-6.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contractile characteristics of the seminal vesicles in rats, in which hyperprolactinemia and hypoprolactinemia was induced by prolactin and bromocriptine administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, hyperprolactinemia group, and hypoprolactinemia group. The rats in the control group were administered 0.1 mL saline subcutaneously for 21 days. The rats in group 2 received prolactin 51 μg/kg subcutaneously for 21 days. The rats in the third group received intraperitoneal bromocriptine mesylate at a dose of 66 μg/kg. All the rats were decapitated at 21 days. The seminal vesicles were removed using a microsurgical technique, and the tissue sections were prepared (0.5 × 0.2 cm). These sections were suspended in the organ bath. Subsequently, contractions were induced using 10 μmol acetylcholine or 100 mmol potassium chloride. RESULTS: The amplitude values induced by potassium chloride in the prolactin group were significantly greater than those in the bromocriptine group or control group. Similarly, the amplitude values induced by acetylcholine were also significantly greater in the prolactin group than in the other 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Experimental hyperprolactinemia results in an increase in the smooth muscle contraction and tonus of the seminal vesicles. The alterations in the smooth muscle tonus in the seminal vesicles and genitourinary tract might be involved in the etiology of infertility occurring in hyperprolactinemia.
    Urology 01/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the sexual function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who were examined in two subgroups and compare the results to the control group with a validated questionnaire. METHODS: A total of 23 consecutive female MS patients divided into groups with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and secondary progressive MS (SPMS) and 45 healthy control subjects were included into the study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: Definite MS, age between 18 and 60 years and an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of <8. The neurologic impairment, the disability and the independence of the patient, and cognitive performances were measured, and also the effect of MS is evaluated by EDSS. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between two groups. FSFI scores in both groups were significantly lower than the control group. Domain scores for desire, arousal, orgasm, pain, lubrication and satisfaction measured between RRMS and SPMS patients showed no significant difference. Comparing each domain score for arousal, orgasm and satisfaction revealed significantly lower scores in RRMS and SPMS patients compared to control group. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we detected statistically significant decrease in FSFI scores in two groups of MS compared to healthy controls. We could not define a difference in sexual function in different stages of MS in women and a statistically significant negative correlation between EDSS and FSFI scores in the two subgroups of MS.
    World Journal of Urology 06/2012; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the ability and the utility of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with high and low b values to visualize benign and malignant renal lesions, and to determine which b value (b=100, 600, or 1000s/mm(2)) was most useful in differentiating benign from malignant renal lesions. Fifty-eight patients with 67 renal lesions and 50 normal contralateral kidneys (as control) were enrolled in the study. DW imaging was performed with b values of 100, 600, and 1000s/mm(2). Results of the histopathological evaluation were compared with the DW MRI results. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, and the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating malignant renal lesions from benign renal lesions were calculated for each b value. The mean ADC values of normal renal parenchyma with b=100, 600, and 1000s/mm(2) values were (3.14±0.54)×10(-3), (2.52±0.30)×10(-3), and (2.16±0.43)×10(-3)mm(2)/s, respectively. The mean ADC values of benign renal lesions (n=35) with b=100, 600, and 1000s/mm(2) values were (2.88±0.88)×10(-3), (2.58±0.91)×10(-3), and (2.10±0.93)×10(-3)mm(2)/s, respectively. The mean ADC values of malignant renal lesions (n=32) with b=100, 600, and 1000 values were (2.74±0.58)×10(-3), (2.09±0.63)×10(-3), and (1.66±0.51)×10(-3)mm(2)/s, respectively. Using DW imaging malignant renal lesions could be differentiated from benign renal lesions, and also angiomyolipomas and oncocytomas could be differentiated from renal cell carcinoma. DW MRI with quantitative ADC measurements can be useful in the differentiation of benign and malignant renal lesions. High b values (b=600 and 1000s/mm(2)) had the best specificity and sensitivity.
    Clinical Radiology 02/2011; 66(5):420-5. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 27-year-old male presented to our clinic for evaluation after operation which was made for a malignancy originated from undescended testis. Operation had revealed abdominal mass located right lateral to bladder originated from right testis. There were no additional findings at operation note. Pathology of specimen was mixed germ cell tumor consisting of embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor and seminoma. Radiologic evaluation ultrasonography (US) showed a solid mass posterior to the bladder with a central cystic component and a hypoechoic oval shaped solid structure on the left side of this mass. Between these masses there was a hypoechoic band like structure. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed the presence of these masses. Four years after operation laboratory results revealed increased AFP levels and patient had exploratory laparotomy since a pelvic mass was seen on MRI and positron emission tomography (PET). Histopathologic diagnosis of tumor was embryonal carcinoma.
    European Journal of Radiology Extra. 01/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: In addition to the previously defined "lifelong" and "acquired" premature ejaculation (PE), the existence of two more subtypes of PE, namely "natural variable PE" and "premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction," has been proposed. To evaluate the diagnostic value of the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) and Arabic Index of Premature Ejaculation (AIPE) in a population-based study, in relation to their sensitivity across these four different PE syndromes and to assess the Premature Ejaculation Profile (PEP) scores of patients with lifelong, acquired, natural variable PE and premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction. Between June 2009 and December 2009, couples were randomly selected from 17 provinces of Turkey. Subjects with the complaint of ejaculating prematurely were classified as lifelong, acquired, natural variable PE, and premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction according to the medical and sexual history they described. PE status was also assessed with PEDT, AIPE and PEP. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated for PEDT and AIPE in the study population whereas detection rates of these two questionnaires were also compared among the four PE syndromes. Moreover, PEP scores of patients with lifelong, acquired, natural variable PE and premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction were compared. Significance level was considered as P < 0.05. Scores obtained from PEDT, AIPE, and PEP questionnaires. A total of 2,593 couples were enrolled where 512 (20.0%) male subjects reported PE. PEDT, AIPE, and PEP measures of the PE patients indicated worse sexual function (P < 0.001 each). Mean scores obtained from questionnaires were significantly better in patients with premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction and they were the worst in patients with acquired PE (P < 0.001 each). The sensitivity values of PEDT and AIPE were 89.3 and 89.5, whereas their specificity values were 50.5 and 39.1, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in detection rates of PEDT and AIPE among the four PE syndromes (P = 0.006 and P < 0.001). They were higher in acquired and lifelong PE and lower in premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction. PEDT and AIPE can diagnose PE with high sensitivity, especially in patients with lifelong and acquired PE. The complaint of patients with acquired PE seems to be more severe than those complaining of lifelong, natural variable PE and premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction patients.
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 01/2011; 8(4):1177-85. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney is a rare benign condition with unknown etiology that can mimic malignancy. We report a case of inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney. A 59-year-old male patient was admitted with a complaint of right flank pain and hematuria. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging of the patient revealed a 9 cm × 10 cm mass originating from the renal parenchyma with posterior extension. Operative findings revealed a mass adhering to the psoas muscle. Histopathologic examination demonstrated spindle-shaped fibroblast cells accompanying inflammatory cells. The pathological diagnosis was renal inflammatory pseudotumor. Repeated US and computed tomography revealed complete remission.
    Journal of clinical imaging science. 01/2011; 1:7.
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    ABSTRACT: In addition to the previously known lifelong and acquired premature ejaculation (PE) syndromes, the existence of two more PE syndromes has been suggested: natural variable PE and premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction. However, epidemiological studies investigating the prevalence of these four PE syndromes have yet to be conducted. To determine the prevalence of the complaint of ejaculating prematurely across the four PE syndromes. This study, conducted between June 2009 and December 2009, was designed as a non-interventional, observational cross-sectional field survey. Participating couples were randomly selected from 17 provinces of Turkey. All participants were asked to complete a questionnaire including data regarding demographics, socioeconomic status, social and cultural factors, medical and sexual history, current medications, and ejaculation time. Subjects with a complaint of ejaculating prematurely were classified as lifelong, acquired, and natural variable PE, or premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction. The main outcome measures were prevalence of complaint of ejaculating prematurely in the general population and across the four PE syndromes. A total of 2,593 couples (mean age, 41.9±12.7 years for males and 38.2±12.1 years for females) were enrolled. Five-hundred twelve subjects (20.0%) complained of ejaculating prematurely. Fifty-eight (2.3%), 100 (3.9%), 215 (8.5%), and 131 (5.1%) subjects were classified as lifelong, acquired, and natural variable PE, and premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction, respectively. The prevalence of the complaint of ejaculating prematurely among Turkish men was 20.0%, with the highest PE syndrome being natural variable PE (8.5%) and premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction (5.1%).
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 11/2010; 8(2):540-8. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the effects of combined use of trospium chloride and melatonin on in vitro contractility of rat urinary bladder. Isolated bladder strips from 20 male Wistar rats were examined in an organ bath. Contractions were evoked by acetylcholine (ACh). Initially, effective concentrations of trospium and melatonin to inhibit the contractions were determined. We subsequently tested the effects of combined use of melatonin and trospium on agonist-induced contractions. Exposure of bladder strips to 10 microM ACh significantly increased the contractions. After cumulative administration of increasing concentrations of trospium (1, 3, and 5 microM), agonist-induced contractions decreased significantly (P <.05). Similarly, the mean peak amplitude of contractions evoked by ACh was significantly inhibited by melatonin in a concentration-dependent manner (100, 200, and 300 microM) (P <.05). Further evaluation of the effects of combined use of trospium and melatonin on ACh-induced contractions of bladder strips revealed that one-tenth of initially applied dose of trospium (500 nM) in addition to the lowest inhibitory dose of melatonin (100 microM) significantly lowered both the peak amplitude and area under the contractility curve of contractions (P <.05). Our results showed that combined use of low dose trospium and melatonin had strong in vitro inhibitory capability on agonist-induced contractions of rat bladder strips. The present findings may offer an insight into lowering the dose of an antimuscarinic by combining it with an antioxidant and endogenous hormone, melatonin.
    Urology 12/2009; 75(4):873-7. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We reviewed records from patients who underwent two different microsurgical varicocelectomy methods: 147 (high inguinal (MHIV) and 65 sub-inguinal (MSIV) microsurgery) to compare the therapeutic activity and complications. Patients who had 2 different microsurgical varicocelectomies were compared according to preoperative connected vein, number of designated arteries, postoperative semen and improvement degree in hormone parameters, increased ratio related with pregnancy and complications. The ratio of improvement of postoperative semen parameters in patients where MHIV and MSIV were performed was, 42% and 38% (p > 0.05). Pregnancy was achieved in MHIV at a ratio of 41% (34/82) and 33% (22/65) in MSIV (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference according to mean operation periods, the vein connected between the groups. The number of testicular arteries were significantly higher than the ones in MHIV (p < 0.01). However, as a postoperative complication, hydrocele was not seen in any of the patients, while relapses occurred in 1 MHIV and 2 MSIV patients. MHIV and MSIV techniques are effective methods to treat varicocele. However, the excess number of connected veins due to the anatomic feature of MSIV increases the possibility of relapses and the technical difficulty during surgical intervention.
    Archives of Andrology 07/2009; 51(3):213-20. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO) is a rare but surgically correctable cause of male infertility. With the advent and increased use of transrectal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, abnormalities of the ejaculatory duct (ED) related to infertility have been diagnosed more frequently. Recently, with the increased awareness of functional obstruction of ED, reports have been focusing on the diagnosis of partial or functional EDO. We present 2 review of the ED pathologies, imaging modalities and treatment options.
    Archives of Andrology 07/2009; 53(4):179-86. · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • R Onur, E Yilmaz, M R Onur, I Orhan
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    ABSTRACT: Although screw breakage or loosening are rarely encountered, they were reported to occur after instability of the internal fixation. A man with a history of traumatic pelvic fracture 6 months ago presented to our clinic with inability to void. An anterior urethral meatotomy was made and a calcified but intact screw was removed from the urethra. Screw migration with urological manifestations are extremely rare and usually include bladder migration with a subsequent voiding of the screw. We present a case in which internal urethrotomy for posterior urethral stricture caused erosion of a bone screw into the urethra which was subsequently removed by anterior meatotomy.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 11/2008; 179(3):443-5. · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To define a novel technique in the diagnosis of partial and complete ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO). Twenty men with suspected EDO were initially evaluated by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). Subsequently, all patients underwent TRUS-guided seminal vesicle (SV) scintigraphy. Technetium Tc 99m sulphur colloid solution was injected into each SV under TRUS guidance and patients were immediately evaluated by scintigraphy. After patients ejaculated scintigraphy was repeated. The difference between 2 measurements in respect to technetium Tc 99m count was used to measure the percentage of emptying. In the first group, TRUS revealed 11 patients with findings suggestive of EDO, whereas no abnormality was found in 9. Scintigraphic measurement in first group of patients showed a mean emptying ratio for the right and left SVs of 16.6% +/- 2.22 (2.2 to 30.6) and 17.1% +/- 2.34 (1.4 to 32.5), respectively. The mean percent of emptied technetium Tc 99m from right and left SVs in patients with no pathologic findings on TRUS was 30.9% +/- 4.3 (10.1 to 44.2) and 33.9% +/- 5.81 (13.6 to 68.1), respectively. Statistically significant difference was determined between 2 groups (P = 0.037). Initially, TRUS examination revealed no pathologic findings in 3 patients; however, SV scintigraphy showed less than 30% emptying and revealed an additional 33% of patients to be obstructed in our series. TRUS, the static anatomic imaging modality, may not be sufficient to distinguish functional from complete obstruction. Seminal vesicle scintigraphy is unique that incorporates physiologic aspect of ejaculation into a diagnostic intervention, of which we believe that is especially important in diagnosis of functional EDO.
    Urology 05/2008; 71(4):672-6. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudoaneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas of renal arteries are rare clinical lesions. Invasive renal procedures may lead to pseudoaneurysm or arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). We report two pseudoaneurysms and arteriovenous fistula cases that were treated by transcatheter embolization with metallic coils. The first case is left main renal artery pseudoaneurysm after nephrectomy in a patient with a solid renal tumor. The second case is right main renal artery AVF with giant pseudoaneurysm after both gunshot injury and nephrectomy. On the basis of color Doppler sonography and computed tomography (CT) findings, cases were diagnosed as pseudoaneurysm after nefrectomy. Contrast-enhanced CT scans showed a hyperdense area within the hematoma consistent with pseudoaneurysm. Endovascular treatment with coil embolization succeeds to total occlusion in renal artery pseudoaneurysm. Delayed hemorrhage related to postnephrectomy may be life-threatening conditions because of diagnostic difficulties. AVF and pseudoaneurysm can be treated safely and successfully by transcatheter arterial embolization.
    Emergency Radiology 04/2008; 15(2):119-22.
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have suggested that male infertility and testicular cancer may have common aetiological factors. Scrotal ultrasonography (US) has an important role in the diagnosis of testicular tumours when not palpable by physical examination. In this study, we present two infertile men referred to our clinic. Patients were evaluated by a detailed physical examination, semen analyses and hormonal assessment. Both patients underwent scrotal US examination. Semen analysis of the patients revealed oligoasthenospermia in both patients. Scrotal US revealed hypoechoic masses in the left and right testes of both patients, which were nonpalpable by physical examination. Scrotal exploration and subsequent orchidectomy were performed. Histopathological examination revealed mixed germ cell tumour and Sertoli-Leydig cell tumour in case 1 and case 2 respectively. With these cases, we discussed the role of scrotal US in the routine diagnostic evaluation of infertile men.
    Andrologia 03/2008; 40(1):58-61. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Bladder tumors are among the most common types of malignant neoplasms of the urinary tract. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential value of 3-dimensional (3D) sonography and sonographic cystoscopy in detection of bladder tumors. Methods. Thirty-one patients with sus- pected or known bladder tumors were included this study. All patients underwent 3D sonography and conventional cystoscopy within 15 days. The number, size, location, and morphologic features of the lesions were evaluated on gray scale, 3D virtual, and multiplanar reconstruction images obtained from the patients. The results of 3D sonographic cystoscopy were compared with the findings from con- ventional cystoscopy, which was considered the reference standard. Results. Twenty-eight (90.3%) of 31 3D virtual sonographic cystoscopic studies had good or excellent image quality. Conventional cys- toscopy revealed 47 lesions in 22 of 28 patients; 3D sonographic virtual cystoscopy showed 41 (87.2%) of 47 lesions. Three-dimensional virtual sonography alone had sensitivity of 96.2%, specifici- ty of 70.6%, a positive predictive value of 93.9%, and a negative predictive value of 80% for tumor detection. The combination of gray scale sonography, multiplanar reconstruction, and 3D virtual sonography had sensitivity of 96.4%, specificity of 88.8%, a positive predictive value of 97.6%, and a negative predictive value of 84.2% for tumor detection. Conclusions. Three-dimensional sonogra- phy is a promising alternative noninvasive technique for use in detection of bladder tumors, their local- ization, and perivesical spreading. The location, size, and morphologic features of the tumors shown
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 02/2008; 27(1). · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • Hakan Artas, Irfan Orhan
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    ABSTRACT: Scrotal calculi are freely mobile calcified bodies lying between the layers of the tunica vaginalis of the testes. The etiology of scrotal calculi is unclear. They may develop as a sequela to hematomas or inflammatory changes within the scrotum or loose bodies from torsion and infarction of the appendix testis or epididymis. The aim of our series was to examine the etiopathogenesis of scrotal calculi, which were detected incidentally in various age groups, with reference to the medical literature. Among 868 patients, 23 (2.65%) cases of scrotal calculi were diagnosed on sonographic examinations. The ages of the patients ranged between 4 months and 65 years (mean age +/- SD, 28.3+/-11.9 years). On sonographic examination; we found a total of 51 scrotal calculi with a mean size of 4.22+/-2.42 mm (range, 2-10 mm) in 23 patients, an epididymal cyst in 3 patients (13%), epididymitis in 2 patients (8.6%), hydrocele in 3 patients (13%), varicocele in 3 patients (13%), and testicular microlithiasis in 1 patient (4%). Scrotal calculi were solitary in 11 patients and multiple in 12 patients. The prevalence of scrotal calculi was 2.65%, and a minority of patients had other abnormalities, reflecting the generally benign etiology of these "pearls." To date, no information is available in the literature about the results of chronic irritation due to scrotal calculi. Further studies in larger series need to be performed to elucidate the formation mechanism and natural course of scrotal calculi.
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 01/2008; 26(12):1775-9. · 1.40 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

378 Citations
82.99 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2014
    • Firat University
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      Mezreh, Elazığ, Turkey
  • 2011
    • Erciyes Üniversitesi
      • Department of Radiology
      Caesarea, Kayseri, Turkey
  • 2005
    • Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi
      Claudiopolis, Bolu, Turkey
  • 2003
    • Istanbul University
      • Department of Family Medicine (Istanbul Medical Faculty)
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey