[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prediction of mortality risk is important in the management of chronic heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to create a prediction model for 5-year cardiac death including assessment of cardiac sympathetic innervation using data from a multicenter cohort study in Japan.
The original pooled database consisted of cohort studies from six sites in Japan. A total of 933 CHF patients who underwent (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging and whose 5-year outcomes were known were selected from this database. The late MIBG heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) was used for quantification of cardiac uptake. Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression analyses were used to select appropriate variables for predicting 5-year cardiac mortality. The formula for predicting 5-year mortality was created using a logistic regression model.
During the 5-year follow-up, 205 patients (22 %) died of a cardiac event including heart failure death, sudden cardiac death and fatal acute myocardial infarction (64 %, 30 % and 6 %, respectively). Multivariate logistic analysis selected four parameters, including New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, age, gender and left ventricular ejection fraction, without HMR (model 1) and five parameters with the addition of HMR (model 2). The net reclassification improvement analysis for all subjects was 13.8 % (p < 0.0001) by including HMR and its inclusion was most effective in the downward reclassification of low-risk patients. Nomograms for predicting 5-year cardiac mortality were created from the five-parameter regression model.
Cardiac MIBG imaging had a significant additive value for predicting cardiac mortality. The prediction formula and nomograms can be used for risk stratifying in patients with CHF.
European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 03/2014; · 5.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study objectives were to create a cardiac metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) database using multiple prospective cohort studies and to determine the quantitative iodine-123-labeled mIBG indices for identifying patients with chronic heart failure (HF) at greatest and lowest risk of lethal events.
Although the prognostic value of cardiac mIBG imaging in patients with HF has been shown, clinical use of this procedure has been limited. It is required to define universally accepted quantitative thresholds for high and low risk that could be used as an aid to therapeutic decision-making using a large cohort database.
Six prospective HF cohort studies were updated, and the individual datasets were combined for the present patient-level analysis. The database consisted of 1,322 patients with HF followed up for a mean interval of 78 months. Heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) and washout rate of cardiac mIBG activity were the primary cardiac innervation markers. The primary outcome analyzed was all-cause death.
Lethal events were observed in 326 patients, and the population mortality rate was 5.6%, 11.3%, and 19.7% at 1, 2, and 5 years, respectively. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard model analysis for all-cause mortality identified age (p < 0.0001), New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class (p < 0.0001), late HMR of cardiac mIBG activity (p < 0.0001), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p = 0.0029) as significant independent predictors. Analysis of the 512-patient subpopulation with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) results showed BNP (p < 0.0001), greater NYHA functional class (p = 0.0002), and late HMR (p = 0.0011) as significant predictors, but LVEF was not. The receiver-operating characteristic-determined threshold of HMR (1.68) identified patients at significantly increased risk in any LVEF category. Survival rates decreased progressively with decreasing HMR, with 5-year all-cause mortality rates >7% annually for HMR <1.25, and <2% annually for HMR ≥1.95. Addition of HMR to clinical information resulted in a significant net reclassification improvement of 0.175 (p < 0.0001).
Pooled analyses of independent cohort studies confirmed the long-term prognostic value of cardiac mIBG uptake in patients with HF independently of other markers, such as NYHA functional class, BNP, and LVEF, and demonstrated that categoric assessments could be used to define meaningful thresholds for lethal event risk.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Detecting myocardial ischemia in hemodialysis patients is crucial given the high incidence of silent ischemia and the high cardiovascular mortality rates. Abnormal myocardial fatty acid metabolism as determined by imaging with (123)I-labeled BMIPP (β-methyl iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid) might be associated with cardiac-derived death in hemodialysis patients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Asymptomatic hemodialysis patients with one or more cardiovascular risk factors, but without known coronary artery disease, were followed up for 3 years at 48 Japanese hospitals (406 men, 271 women; mean age, 64 years). PREDICTOR: Baseline BMIPP summed scores semiquantified using a 17-segment 5-point system (normal, 0; absent, 4). OUTCOMES: Cardiac-derived death, including cardiac and sudden death. MEASUREMENTS: HRs were estimated using a Cox model for associations between BMIPP summed scores and cardiac-derived death, adjusting for potential confounders of age, sex, body mass index, dialysis duration, and cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: Rates of all-cause mortality and cardiac-derived death were 18.5% and 6.8%, respectively. Cardiac-derived death (acute myocardial infarction [n = 10], congestive heart failure [n = 13], arrhythmia [n = 2], valvular heart disease [n = 1], and sudden death [n = 20]) accounted for 36.8% of all-cause deaths. Cardiac-derived death (n = 46) was associated with age, history of heart failure, and BMIPP summed scores of 4 or higher (HR, 2.9; P < 0.001). Three-year cardiac-derived death-free survival rates were 95.7%, 90.6%, and 78.8% when BMIPP summed scores were 3 or lower, 4-8, and 9 or higher, respectively. BMIPP summed score also was a predictor of all-cause death (HR, 1.6; P = 0.009). LIMITATIONS: Sudden death of unknown cause was considered to have been cardiac derived, although a coronary origin was not confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal myocardial fatty acid metabolism is associated with cardiac-derived death in hemodialysis patients. BMIPP single-proton emission computed tomography appears clinically useful for predicting cardiac-derived death in this population.
American Journal of Kidney Diseases 11/2012; · 5.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Because of their high risk for cardiovascular events, we investigated the role of (123)I-betamethyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) SPECT in evaluating the prognosis of diabetic patients with suspected coronary heart disease. Methods and Results: We retrospectively registered 186 diabetic patients with suspected coronary heart disease, but no previous diagnosis of heart disease, who had been examined by BMIPP and thallium (TL) dual SPECT. They were followed for over 2 years. The dual SPECT images were scored to obtain summed defect scores for each SPECT image (BMDS, TLDS and mismatch score [MS]). The primary endpoint was the first incidence of all-cause cardiac events. The secondary endpoint was cardiac death. Clinical classical risk factors in addition to the stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD), as well as cardiac function, were included in the prognostic analysis. Cardiac events occurred in 39 patients, including 8 cardiac deaths. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed significantly more frequent cardiac event rates in patients with than without MS ≥5 or BMDS ≥6 (P<0.0001). Cox hazard multivariate analysis showed that MS and CKD stage or BMIPP and CKD stage were independent predictors. Only hemodialysis was a significant prognostic indicator for cardiac death. Conclusions: BMIPP SPECT when combined with CKD stage accurately predicts cardiac events among diabetic patients with suspected ischemic heart disease. (Circ J 2012; 76: 2633-2639).
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HF (Japanese MIBG multicenter cohorts analysis in heart failure) Investigators, Japan & USA Background: Although the prognostic value of cardiac MIBG imaging in chronic heart failure (HF) patients has been shown, a large cohort database would enable development of powerful evidence for establishing the efficacy of quantitative MIBG markers to identify high-risk HF patients. A cardiac I-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) database was created from results of multiple prospective cohort studies in order to determine the prognostic efficacy of quantitative MIBG indexes for identifying HF patients at greater risk of lethal events.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 123I-beta-methyl iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) can visualize myocardial fatty acid metabolism and has extensive potential for diagnosing cardiac diseases such as acute coronary syndrome in the clinical setting. Increased BMIPP uptake with decreased perfusion occasionally occurs under acute reperfusion ischemia and the kinetics of BMIPP remain unclear. The present study uses the isolated rat heart model to measure kinetic changes in BMIPP under acute reperfusion ischemia.
Male Wistar rats were allotted to normal control (NG), mild (MG) and severe (SG) ischemia groups. The hearts were perfused according to the Langendorff method at a constant flow rate, and BMIPP wash-in and wash-out were studied. No-flow ischemia was applied for 15 and 30 min to the MG and SG groups, followed immediately by the wash-in and wash-out study. Whole heart radioactivity was determined using an external gamma detector throughout the experiment. Rates of myocardial uptake (K1, mL/min) and clearance (k2, min(-1)) were generated using a compartmental model analysis. The same procedures and protocols were performed using (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) as a perfusion study.
Perfusion pressure significantly increased and mean heart rate significantly decreased in the severe ischemia group (heart rate: 244 ± 76, 304 ± 105 and 94 ± 140 bpm; perfusion pressure: 67 ± 13, 101 ± 31 and 160 ± 84 mmHg for NG, MG and SG, respectively). MIBI-K1 significantly decreased, whereas BMIPP-K1 increased in the MG and SG groups (MIBI-K1: 3.45 ± 1.10, 1.95 ± 0.82, and 1.05 ± 0.13 mL/min; BMIPP-K (1): 3.06 ± 0.88, 3.91 ± 0.87, and 4.94 ± 1.51 mL/min for NG, MG and SG, respectively) with an inverse relationship to the severity of ischemia. MIBI-k2 increased markedly in severe ischemia (NG vs. MG: p < 0.05), whereas BMIPP-k2 did not change in the ischemic groups (MIBI-k2: 0.00072 ± 0.0011, 0.00038 ± 0.00076 and 0.043 ± 0.033; BMIPP-k2: 0.0056 ± 0.0028, 0.0029 ± 0.0010 and 0.0037 ± 0.0022 min(-1) for NG, MG and SG, respectively).
Myocardial BMIPP uptake increased immediately upon reperfusion after no-flow ischemia, and was inversely related to the severity of ischemia. The increased uptake was not due to reduced clearance, but to accelerated extraction.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 07/2011; 25(8):560-5. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy to diagnose Lewy body disease (LBD), including Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies, and to clarify the relationship between MIBG parameters and the clinical findings.
One hundred-and-forty-four patients with parkinsonism without diabetes mellitus or a history of cardiac disease were retrospectively selected in the study. Clinical diagnosis was confirmed by follow-up during more than 6 months by neurologists. All patients underwent MIBG imaging at 15 min (initial) and 4 h (delayed) after the tracer injection, and clinical features such as Hoehn and Yahr (H-Y) classification or symptoms specific to parkinsonism were also investigated. The heart to mediastinum ratio (H/M) and the washout ratio (WR) of MIBG were calculated, and correlation with the clinical features was analyzed.
Ninety-seven and 47 patients were diagnosed as LBD and Parkinson's syndrome (PS), respectively. Initial and delayed H/M were significantly lower and WR was significantly higher in LBD than in PS (p < 0.0001). The initial H/M was independently correlated with tremor (F value 10.45), hesitation (F = 4.49), and hallucinations (F = 5.09) (p < 0.0001). The sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of LBD were 64.9 and 87.2% with initial H/M, 78.4 and 68.1% with delayed H/M, and 80.4 and 61.7% with WR, respectively. Using multivariate analysis, initial H/M (F = 39.33) and tremor (F = 10.46) were independently correlated to the diagnosis of LBD (r = 0.562, p < 0.0001) among the MIBG and various clinical parameters.
The initial H/M was the most useful of the 3 different parameters of MIBG for the diagnosis of LBD, but had low sensitivity. WR and delayed H/M had no incremental value to initial H/M for the diagnosis of PD. Careful long-term follow-up is needed for patients with parkinsonism who are clinically diagnosed as LBD with normal initial H/M, or diagnosed as no LBD with low initial H/M.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 04/2011; 25(7):478-85. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy is a useful tool for predicting the prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure; however, little is known regarding long-term prognostic evaluations. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term prognosis in a roughly 10-year period, in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) by MIBG imaging, compared to other conventional functional parameters.
Eighty-six DCM patients (50 ± 14 years of age, 57 males) underwent MIBG imaging, at 15 min and 4 h after tracer injection, from which the delayed heart to mediastinum ratio (H/M) and washout rate (WR) were obtained. The left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) and end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) were also measured by echocardiogram. All patients were followed up for 8-14 years, and the death event was investigated.
Kaplan-Meier curves revealed a poor prognosis only in the group above the third quartile of WR (=50%) (10-year prognosis, 35%); however, there were no statistically significant differences in prognosis among the other 3 groups (10-year prognosis, 75-84%). A Cox hazard univariate analysis selected WR (p = 0.0004), H/M (p < 0.0001), EF (p = 0.0024), and LVDd (p = 0.0189) as significant prognostic indicators. Multivariate analysis revealed the H/M (p = 0.0023) and EF (p = 0.024) to be an independent prognostic predictor. The 10-year prognosis of patients with both WR < 50% and EF > 30%; WR < 50% and EF < 30%; and both WR > 50% and EF < 30% were 89, 71, and 33%, respectively. These three groups were well stratified, significantly (log-rank test: χ (2) = 30.0, p < 0.0001). However, even patients with WR ≥ 50% had few death events after 3 years following MIBG imaging.
The MIBG parameter, delayed H/M or WR combined with the EF is a useful tool for the prediction of a long-term prognosis in DCM, which is superior to MIBG parameters alone. However, patients with WR > 50% but no event in a 3-year follow-up period should undergo an additional MIBG imaging for prognostic prediction.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 04/2011; 25(6):419-24. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myocardial mitochondria are the primary part of energy production for healthy cardiac contraction. And mitochondrial dysfunction would play an important role in progressive heart failure. In the recent years, myocardial washout of (99m)Tc-sestamibi [((99m)Tc-hexakis-2-methoxy-2-methylpropyl isonitrile (MIBI)] has been introduced to be a potential marker in patients with heart failure. The objective of this study was to clarify MIBI extraction and washout kinetics using isolated perfusion system in hypertension induced model of myocardial dysfunction.
Six-week-old Dahl-salt sensitive rats, allotted to 4 groups; a 5-week high-salt group (5 wk-HS), 12-week high-salt group (12 wk-HS) and two age-matched, low-salt diet control groups (5 wk-LS and 12 wk-LS). The rats in 5 wk-HS and 12 wk-HS groups were fed a high-salt diet (containing 8% NaCl). Cardiac function was examined by echocardiography before removing heart. Hearts were perfused according to the Langendorff method at a constant flow rate, in which 20-min MIBI washin was conducted followed by 25-min MIBI washout. Whole heart radioactivity was collected every sec by an external gamma detector. The myocardial extraction, K(1) (ml/min) and washout rate, k(2) (min(-1)) were generated.
High-salt diet groups showed significant high-blood pressure. Echocardiography revealed thickened LV walls in 5 wk-HS, and reduced cardiac function in 12 wk-HS, compared to each age-matched control group. K(1) showed no significant difference among all groups (5 wk-HS: 2.36 ± 1.07, 5 wk-control: 2.59 ± 0.28, 12 wk-HS: 1.91 ± 0.90, and 12 wk-control: 2.84 ± 0.57). k(2) in 5 wk-HS was comparable to that in the age matched control group (0.00030 ± 0.00039 vs -0.000010 ± 0.00044), but it was increased remarkably in 18 wk-HS compared to the age matched control group (0.0025 ± 0.0011 vs 0.000025 ± 0.000041, P<.01), and 5 wk-HS (P<.01).
In the course of hypertensive heart disease, MIBI washout was increased in the transitional state from hypertrophied to dilated and failing heart, while MIBI extraction remained intact.
Nuclear Medicine and Biology 11/2010; 37(8):1005-12. · 2.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. Recent studies have indicated that the incidence of cardiovascular disease increases inversely with estimated glomerular filtration rate. Although coronary angiography is considered the gold standard for detecting coronary artery disease, contrast-induced nephropathy or cholesterol microembolization remain serious problems; therefore, a method of detecting coronary artery disease without renal deterioration is desirable. From this viewpoint, stress myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) might be useful for patients with chronic kidney disease. We recently performed the Japanese Assessment of Cardiac Events and Survival Study by Quantitative Gated SPECT (J-ACCESS) investigating patients with suspected or extant coronary artery disease and the J-ACCESS 2 study of patients with diabetes. The findings from these studies showed that SPECT can detect coronary artery disease and help to predict future cardiac events. Thus, we proposed a multicenter, prospective cohort study called "J-ACCESS 3" in patients with chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular risk. The study aimed at predicting cardiovascular and renal events based on myocardial perfusion imaging and clinical backgrounds. We began enrolling patients in J-ACCESS 3 at 74 facilities from April 2009 and will continue to do so until 31 March 2010, with the aim of having a cohort of 800 patients. These will be followed up for three years. The primary endpoints will be cardiac death and sudden death. The secondary endpoints will comprise any cardiovascular or renal events. This study will be completed in 2013. Here, we describe the design of the J-ACCESS 3 study.
Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 08/2010; 14(4):379-85. · 1.53 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autonomic and olfactory dysfunctions are considered markers for preclinical diagnosis in Parkinson's disease (PD), because pathological changes in these systems can start before motor symptoms develop. We investigated whether cardiac sympathetic function and olfactory function are associated in PD. Participants comprised 40 nondemented patients with idiopathic PD, and age-matched controls. Cardiac sympathetic function was evaluated by (123) I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake, in terms of the heart to mediastinum (H/M) ratio in both early and delayed images, and the washout rate (WR). Olfactory function was evaluated using the Odor Stick Identification Test for Japanese, which evaluates the detection of 12 odorants familiar to Japanese participants. Smell identification scores were significantly lower (P < 0.001) in patients with PD than in controls. Smell identification scores correlated positively with early (P < 0.05) and delayed H/M ratios (P < 0.01), and inversely with the WR (P < 0.005) especially in patients with early PD (below 5 years of the start of motor symptoms), whereas smell identification scores did not correlate with any parameters of MIBG in the advanced PD (above 5 years of the start of motor symptoms). There was no correlation between motor symptom scores and smell identification scores, H/M ratios, or WR. The results suggest that the cardiac sympathetic nervous system might degenerate in parallel with the olfactory system in patients with early PD, and that these two systems might degenerate at a different rate of speed in advanced PD.
Movement Disorders 07/2010; 25(9):1143-9. · 4.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) during follow-up suggest recurrence, which can be visualized by (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Since the magnitude of CEA elevation reflects cancer volume, the ability of PET/CT to detect recurrence in patients with only mildly elevated CEA might be limited. However, the accuracy of PET/CT in detecting recurrence associated with elevated CEA has not been fully assessed. We retrospectively evaluated the diagnostic performance of (18)F-FDG PET/CT postoperatively relative to CEA levels among patients with CRC.
We visually assessed 75 PET/CT evaluations of 57 postoperative patients with CEA >5.0 ng/ml. Tumor volumes were also determined using image analysis software. The final diagnosis was confirmed based on histopathological findings, or at least on 6 months of clinical follow-up.
Two lung cancers were excluded and we finally analyzed data from 73 of the 75 PET/CT evaluations. Recurrences were diagnosed in 54 (prevalence 74%). The sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT to detect recurrence was 50/54 (93%) and 14/19 (74%), respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 91 and 78%, respectively, and the positive and negative likelihood ratios were 3.52 and 0.10, respectively. Values for the sensitivity of PET/CT were 88 and 95%, and those for specificity were 78 and 70%, at serum CEA concentrations of 5-10 and >10 ng/ml, respectively. Serum CEA (r = 0.500, p < 0.001) significantly correlated with cancer volumes.
The present findings showed that (18)F-FDG PET/CT could accurately detect recurrent CRC irrespective of the elevated CEA concentration.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 04/2010; 24(5):395-401. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A mismatch defect between (201)TL and (123)I-BMIPP dual isotope SPECT (d-SPECT) is useful to detect myocardial ischemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, whether mismatched d-SPECT findings reflect actual myocardial ischemia in stable patients with suspected, but unknown ischemic heart disease is unclear. The present study assesses the significance of a d-SPECT mismatch among such patients.
Forty-nine patients with suspected stable coronary heart disease who had been referred for chest pain, ECG abnormalities or multiple risk factors (66 +/- 11 years old, 34 males) with a d-SPECT mismatch participated in this study. All of them underwent coronary angiography (CAG) to assess coronary artery disease. The entire myocardial area on d-SPECT images was divided into 17 segments, each of which was scored from 0 (normal) to 4 (defect). The d-SPECT mismatch score (MS) was defined as the summed BMIPP defect score (BM-TDS) minus the summed defect score (TL-TDS). The inclusion criterion was MS >or= 1, and the mismatch was defined as true positive if the mismatched area was concordant with the territories supplied by significant coronary stenotic arteries by CAG.
Ischemic heart disease was judged by coronary angiography in 31 (63%) patients (IHD group), of which 24 (49.0%) were true positives. Of the remaining 18 (37%) patients without no significant coronary stenosis (non-IHD group), 12 (24%) had some types of organic heart disease. If MS >or= 4 was defined as the threshold for an ischemic positive mismatch, then the sensitivity and specificity were 80% and 63%, respectively. However, mismatch scores did not significantly differ between the groups with true positive-IHD and organic heart disease in non-IHD group (6.6 +/- 4.4 vs. 6.4 +/- 3.7).
A d-SPECT mismatch score of >or=4 was an appropriate cutoff at which diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in patients who were screened for ischemic heart disease. However, since patients with non-ischemic but organic heart disease can also present with abnormal mismatch findings, coronary angiography or CT might be warranted to differentiate IHD from non-IHD.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 09/2009; 23(9):793-8. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The standard patterns of myocardial radiotracer distribution of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) and (123)I-beta-methyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) should be defined in a Japanese population. The purpose of this study was to present and provide data on the characteristics of MIBG and BMIPP with respect to myocardial single photon emission computed tomography.
The normal database included (123)I-MIBG and (123)I-BMIPP imaging and a (99m)Tc-sestamibi/tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion study. The projection images were transferred by digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) format and reconstructed and analyzed with polar maps.
The projection data from multiple centers were successfully transferred to a common format for SPECT reconstruction. When the average values were analyzed using a 17-segment model, MIBG uptake in the inferior and apical wall appeared to be slightly lower than anterior uptake (P < 0.05). The inferior and apical uptake of MIBG has a larger standard deviation (10.7 units in males, 12.6 units in females). BMIPP uptakes in the septal wall have higher than that of (99m)Tc-tracer uptake (P < 0.05).
Myocardial sympathetic nerve and metabolic scintigraphy data that were specific for the Japanese population were generated and found to be different from that of perfusion tracers. The normal database can serve as a standard for nuclear cardiology work conducted in Japan.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 07/2009; 23(6):517-22. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) frequently develop cardiac events within several years of the initiation of haemodialysis. The present study assesses the prognostic significance of stress myocardial ECG-gated perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with diabetic CKD requiring haemodialysis.
Fifty-five asymptomatic patients with diabetic stage V CKD and no history of heart disease scheduled to start haemodialysis were enrolled in this study (56 +/- 11 years old; 49 with type 2 diabetes mellitus). All patients underwent (201)Tl stress ECG-gated MPI 1 month before or after the initiation of haemodialysis to assess myocardial involvement. We evaluated SPECT images using 17-segment defect scores graded on a 5-point scale, summed stress score (SSS) and summed difference scores (SDS). The patients were followed up for at least 2 years (42 +/- 15 months) to determine coronary intervention (CI) and heart failure (HF) as soft events and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and all causes of deaths as hard events.
The frequencies of myocardial ischaemia, resting perfusion defects, low ejection fraction and left ventricular (LV) dilatation were 24, 20, 29 and 49%, respectively. Ten events (18%) developed during the follow-up period including four CI, one HF, one AMI and four sudden deaths. Multivariate Cox analysis selected SDS (p = 0.0011) and haemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) (p = 0.0076) as independent prognostic indicators for all events.
Myocardial ischaemia, in addition to glycaemic control, is a strong prognostic marker for asymptomatic patients with diabetic CKD who are scheduled to start haemodialysis. Stress MPI is highly recommended for the management and therapeutic stratification of such patients.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2009; 36(8):1315-21. · 4.53 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The J-ACCESS [Japanese investigation of prognosis based on gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)] study found that quantitative gated myocardial SPECT (QGS) is valuable for predicting the prognosis of Japanese patients with known or suspected ischaemic heart disease. The present study evaluates the incremental prognostic value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with QGS among patients referred for coronary angiography (CAG).
Among 4,031 Japanese patients registered at 117 hospitals for the J-ACCESS study, we selected 1,011 who underwent CAG within 3 months before or after MPI with QGS. Summed stress, rest and difference scores (SSS, SRS and SDS) were generated from myocardial perfusion images using a 20-segment scoring system. Myocardial ischaemia was judged visually. End-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV) and ejection fraction (EF) were determined by QGS. Numbers of diseased (> 75% stenosis) coronary vessels (CDV) were assessed by CAG. All patients were followed up for 3 years to determine cardiac events (CE) including cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and severe heart failure. Univariate and multivariate analyses of prognostic ability included age, cardiac risk factors (hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus and prior myocardial infarction), angiographic findings and the QGS parameters as independent variables.
Cardiac events occurred more frequently with increasing numbers of coronary vessel lesions (p = 0.0016). Cox univariate analysis revealed that diabetes, CDV, SSS, SDS, EDV, ESV and EF were significant predictors (Wald chi(2) = 5.99, 12.9, 8.39, 9.11, 35.5, 42.1 and 31.1, respectively), whereas multivariate analysis selected only ESV and SDS as significant predictors (Wald chi(2) = 36.4, 8.4; p = 0.0038, p < 0.001).
MPI with QGS, especially with gated functional data, has incremental prognostic value in addition to angiographic findings. MPI with QGS findings predominantly contribute to the prediction of prognosis rather than numbers of diseased vessels assessed by CAG. Thus, MPI with QGS is the most useful tool with which to guide decisions regarding therapy even among patients referred for CAG.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 02/2009; 36(8):1329-37. · 4.53 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Such patients frequently develop complications such as asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). Accordingly, CAD must ideally be diagnosed at an early stage to improve prognosis. Although myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is valuable for diagnosing CAD, the stress test is not always applicable to patients on hemodialysis. Thus, we proposed a multicenter, prospective cohort study called "B-SAFE" to investigate the applicability of resting (123)I-labeled beta-methyl-iodophenylpentadecanoic acid ((123)I-BMIPP)-SPECT will be used to diagnose cardiac disease and evaluate the prognosis of hemodialysis patients by imaging myocardial fatty acid metabolism. B-SAFE began enrolling patients from June 2006 at 48 facilities. We performed (123)I-BMIPP-SPECT on 702 hemodialysis patients with risk factors for CAD until 30 November 2007 and plan to follow up for three years. The primary endpoints will be cardiac death and sudden death. This study should end in 2010.
Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2009; 12(6):526-30. · 1.53 Impact Factor