José Luis Rodrigo

Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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Publications (97)317.25 Total impact

  • International journal of cardiology 03/2014; · 7.08 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 01/2014; · 7.08 Impact Factor
  • European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 01/2014;
  • International journal of cardiology 12/2013; · 7.08 Impact Factor
  • Echocardiography 10/2013; · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Echocardiography is routinely used for the evaluation of cardiac function. Definition of the endocardial border is essential for the assessment of global and regional left ventricular contractility. This is sometimes difficult due to an inadequate acoustic window. New echocardiographic techniques may be useful to accurate and noninvasively diagnose certain conditions which may otherwise remain undiagnosed with traditional techniques. We present a case of a patient diagnosed with segmental wall motion abnormalities (lateral and apical hypokinesis) by conventional echocardiography. The use of harmonic imaging with contrast changed the initial diagnosis and the patient was diagnosed with severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with midventricular obstruction, without segmental wall motion abnormalities.
    Revista Española de Cardiología. 07/2013; 53(11):1531–1533.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Dobutamine stress echocardiography is an accurate technique for the noninvasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease. However, interobserver variability is an important limitation of stress echocardiography. Image quality and echocardiographer experience have been described to influence interobserver agreement. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine whether use of contrast agents during dobutamine stress echocardiography improves the agreement between an experienced and a unexperienced observer, and if learning period would be influenced by the use of contrast. Methods Two blind observers interpreted all the studies: one experienced echocardiographer (A) and one unexperienced observer (B) in this technique. The contrast agent Levovist/Levograf® 2.5 g was administered by two bolus (at rest and at peak stress). In all cases, second harmonic imaging and stress digitalisation packs were used. The kappa test was used to determine interobserver agreement. Results Fifty-two unselected consecutive studies in 51 patients were analyzed. Twenty-two studies were performed with contrast. The agreement between the experienced and the unexperienced observer was Kappa 0.58 and 0.52, with and without the use of contrast, with no statistically significant difference being archived. Conclusions The routine use of contrast provides better although not significant, interobserver agreement. However, this improvement is not sufficient to substitute specific training.
    Revista Española de Cardiología. 07/2013; 53(10):1342–1346.
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    ABSTRACT: The two-dimensional (2D) proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method has known technical limitations, mainly the geometric assumptions of PISA shape required to calculate effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA). Recently developed single-beat real-time three-dimensional (3D) color Doppler imaging allows the direct measurement of PISA without geometric assumptions and has already been validated for mitral regurgitation assessment. The aim of this study was to apply this novel method in patients with chronic tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Ninety patients with chronic TR were enrolled. EROA and regurgitant volume (Rvol) were assessed using transthoracic 2D and 3D PISA methods. Quantitative Doppler and 3D transthoracic planimetry of EROA were used as reference methods. Both EROA and Rvol assessed using the 3D PISA method had better correlations with the reference methods than using conventional 2D PISA, particularly in the assessment of eccentric jets. On the basis of 3D planimetry-derived EROA, 35 patients had severe TR (EROA ≥ 0.4 cm(2)). Among these 35 patients, 25.7% (n = 9) were underestimated as having nonsevere TR (EROA ≤ 0.4 cm(2)) using the 2D PISA method. In contrast, the 3D PISA method had 94.3% agreement (33 of 35) with 3D planimetry in classifying severe TR. Good intraobserver and interobserver agreement for 3D PISA measurements was observed, with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.92 and 0.88 respectively. TR quantification using PISA by single-beat real-time 3D color Doppler echocardiography is feasible in the clinical setting and more accurate than the conventional 2D PISA method.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 07/2013; · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectivesThe relationship between myocardial bridging and symptoms is still unclear. The purpose of our study was to assess the relationship between myocardial bridging detected by multidetector computed tomography and symptoms in a patient population with chest pain syndrome.Methods The study enrolled 393 consecutive patients wihout previous coronary artery disease studied for chest pain and referred to multidetector computed tomography between January 2007 and December 2010. Noninvasive coronary angiography was performed using multidetector computed tomography. Myocardial bridging was defined as part of a coronary artery completely surrounded by myocardium on axial and multiplanar reformatted images.ResultsMean age was 64.6 (12.4) years and 44.8% were male. Multidetector computed tomography detected 86 myocardial bridging images in 82 of the 393 patients (20.9%). Left anterior descending was the most frequent coronary artery involved (87.2%). The prevalence of myocardial bridging was significantly higher in patients without significant atherosclerotic coronary stenosis on multidetector computed tomography (24.9% vs 15.0%; P = .02). Patients with myocardial bridging were younger (60.3 [13.8] vs 65.8 [11.9]; P<.001), had less prevalence of hyperlipidemia (29.3% vs 41.8%; P=.03), and more prevalence of cardiomyopathy (6.1% vs 1.6%, P=.02) compared with patients without myocardial bridging on multidetector computed tomography.Conclusions Multidetector computed tomography is an easy and reliable tool for comprehensive in vivo diagnosis of myocardial bridging. The results of the present study suggest myocardial bridging is the cause of chest pain in a subgroup of younger aged patients with less prevalence of hyperlipidemia and more prevalence of cardiomyopathy than patients with significant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease on multidetector computed tomography.Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org
    Revista Española de Cardiología. 10/2012; 65(10):885–890.
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    ABSTRACT: The two-dimensional (2D) proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method has some technical limitations, mainly the geometric assumptions of PISA shape required to calculate effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA). Recently developed single-beat, real-time three-dimensional (3D) color Doppler imaging allows direct measurement of PISA without geometric assumptions. The aim of this study was to validate this novel method in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). Thirty-three patients were included, 25 (75.7%) with degenerative MR and eight (24.2%) with functional MR. EROA and regurgitant volume were assessed using transthoracic 2D and 3D PISA methods. The quantitative Doppler method and 3D transesophageal echocardiographic planimetry of EROA were used as reference methods. Both EROA and regurgitant volume assessed using the 3D PISA method had better correlations with the reference methods than conventional 2D PISA. A consistent significant underestimation of EROA and regurgitant volume using 2D PISA was observed, particularly in the assessment of eccentric jets. On the basis of 3D transesophageal echocardiographic planimetry of EROA, 14 patients had severe MR (EROA ≥ 0.4 cm(2)). Of these 14 patients, 42.8% (6 of 14) were underestimated as having nonsevere MR (EROA ≤ 0.4 cm(2)) by the 2D PISA method. In contrast, the 3D PISA method had 92.9% (13 of 14) agreement with 3D transesophageal planimetry in classifying severe MR. Good intraobserver and interobserver agreement for 3D PISA measurements was observed, with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.96 and 0.92, respectively. Direct measurement of PISA without geometric assumptions using single-beat, real-time 3D color Doppler echocardiography is feasible in the clinical setting. MR quantification using this methodology is more accurate than the conventional 2D PISA method.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 06/2012; 25(8):815-23. · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between myocardial bridging and symptoms is still unclear. The purpose of our study was to assess the relationship between myocardial bridging detected by multidetector computed tomography and symptoms in a patient population with chest pain syndrome. METHODS: The study enrolled 393 consecutive patients wihout previous coronary artery disease studied for chest pain and referred to multidetector computed tomography between January 2007 and December 2010. Noninvasive coronary angiography was performed using multidetector computed tomography. Myocardial bridging was defined as part of a coronary artery completely surrounded by myocardium on axial and multiplanar reformatted images. RESULTS: Mean age was 64.6 (12.4) years and 44.8% were male. Multidetector computed tomography detected 86 myocardial bridging images in 82 of the 393 patients (20.9%). Left anterior descending was the most frequent coronary artery involved (87.2%). The prevalence of myocardial bridging was significantly higher in patients without significant atherosclerotic coronary stenosis on multidetector computed tomography (24.9% vs 15.0%; P=.02). Patients with myocardial bridging were younger (60.3 [13.8] vs 65.8 [11.9]; P<.001), had less prevalence of hyperlipidemia (29.3% vs 41.8%; P=.03), and more prevalence of cardiomyopathy (6.1% vs 1.6%, P=.02) compared with patients without myocardial bridging on multidetector computed tomography. CONCLUSIONS: Multidetector computed tomography is an easy and reliable tool for comprehensive in vivo diagnosis of myocardial bridging. The results of the present study suggest myocardial bridging is the cause of chest pain in a subgroup of younger aged patients with less prevalence of hyperlipidemia and more prevalence of cardiomyopathy than patients with significant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease on multidetector computed tomography. Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 05/2012; 65(10):885-890. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There is ongoing debate about whether a computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) should be aborted when the calcium score (CS) exceeds a certain threshold in patients with chest pain. The aim of this study was to discover whether specific "cutpoints" regarding coronary artery CS could be determined to predict severe coronary stenoses assessed by CTCA, thus identifying patients amenable to an invasive diagnostic approach. METHODS: 294 consecutive patients with chest pain of uncertain cause who were referred for non-invasive diagnostic CTCA were included. Subjects underwent Agatston CS and CTCA using current 64-slice technology. RESULTS: Severe coronary stenoses were noted in 75 of 294 (25.1%) patients on CTCA. A very high prevalence of severe coronary stenoses was found in patients with CS ≥400 (87.0%). The CS had area under the ROC curve 0.86 to predict severe coronary stenoses on CTCA. The best discriminant cut-off point was CS ≥400 (sensitivity of 55.3%, specificity of 93.5, positive predictive value of 85.8%, negative predictive value of 84.0%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis controlling for traditional risk factors showed CS ≥400 remained an independent predictor of severe coronary stenoses on CTCA (OR 14.553, 95% confidence interval 4.043 to 52.384, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CS can be used as a "gatekeeper" to CTCA in patients with chest pain. Due to the very high prevalence of severe coronary stenoses in patients with CS ≥400, further evaluation with CTCA is not warranted as these patients should be referred to invasive coronary angiography, avoiding the repeated exposure to ionizing radiation and iodinated contrast.
    International journal of cardiology 05/2012; · 7.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: 3D echocardiography provides a complete evaluation of the aortic valve and adjacent structures and it improves the assessment of this cardiac region. Three-dimensional color-Doppler echocardiography (3DCDE) evaluation might improve the measurements of the functional regurgitant orifice in patients with Chronic Aortic Regurgitation (CAR). OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to compare the accuracy of current echo-Doppler methods and 3DCDE for the assessment of CAR severity. The reference method used in this work was the CAR severity determined by means of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive patients with an established diagnosis of CAR recruited in our institution comprised our study group. CAR severity was determined by conventional Echo-Doppler methods and by 3DCDE and their results were compared with those obtained by means of CMR. RESULTS: Mean age was 63.0±13.5years. Twenty-two patients (68.8%) were men. Compared with the traditional echo-Doppler methods, 3DCDE evaluation had the best linear association with CMR results (3D vena contracta cross sectional area method: r=0.88; r square=0.77; p<0.001. 3D vena contracta cross sectional area/left ventricular outflow tract cross sectional area method: r=0.87; r square=0.75; p<0.001). The ROC analysis showed an excellent area under curve for detection of severe CAR (3D vena contracta cross sectional area method=0.97; 3D vena contracta cross sectional area/left ventricular outflow tract cross sectional area method=0.98). Inter- and intra-observer variability for the 3DCDE evaluation was good (ICC=0.89 and ICC=0.91 for inter and intra observer variability respectively). CONCLUSIONS: 3DCDE is an accurate and highly reproducible diagnostic tool for estimating CAR severity. Compared with the traditional echo-Doppler methods, 3DCDE has the best agreement with the CMR determined CAR severity. Thus, 3DCDE is a diagnostic method that may improve the therapeutic management of patients with CAR.
    International journal of cardiology 12/2011; · 7.08 Impact Factor
  • European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 11/2011; 13(3):204.
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is considered as a strong risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. 3D-wall motion tracking echocardiography (3D-WMT) provides information regarding different parameters of left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation. Our aim was to assess the presence of early myocardial deformation abnormalities in nonselected obese children free from other cardiovascular risk factors. Thirty consecutive nonselected obese children and 42 healthy volunteer children were enrolled. None of them had any cardiovascular risk factor. Every subject underwent a 2D-echo examination and a 3D-WMT study. Mean age was 13.9 ± 2.56 and 13.25 ± 2.68 years in the nonobese and obese groups, respectively (59.7% and 40.3% male). Statistically significant differences were found for: interventricular septum thickness, LV posterior wall thickness, LV end-diastolic volume, LV end-systolic volume, left atrium volume, LV mass, and lateral annulus peak velocity. Regarding the results obtained by 3D-WMT assessment, all the evaluated parameters were statistically significantly different between the two groups. When the influence of obesity on the different echocardiographic variables was evaluated by means of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the strongest relationship with obesity was found for LV average circumferential strain (β-coefficient: 0.74; r(2): 0.55; P: 0.003). Thus, obesity cardiomyopathy is associated not only with structural cardiac changes, but also with myocardial deformation changes. Furthermore, this association occurs as early as in the childhood and it is independent from any other cardiovascular risk factor. The most related parameter to obesity is LV circumferential strain.
    Obesity 06/2011; 19(11):2268-73. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) techniques have been presenting good procedural success and favorable clinical outcomes. However, optimal management of aortic valve disease in elderly patients depends on quality of life (QoL) improvement. In this study we aimed to evaluate changes in QoL in patients referred for TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective analysis of 74 consecutive patients (34 male), aged 81.6±8years with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) ineligible for conventional aortic valve replacement, referred to TAVI in one tertiary center. For the assessment of QoL, the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) was used before the procedure and at 6.5months. The mortality was 9.5% at 30days and 20.2% at 6.5months follow-up. Fifty three (71.6%) patients completed MLHFQ at baseline and at follow-up. All patients showed good hemodynamic results and no signs of prosthesis dysfunction were observed on transthoracic echocardiography. The New York Heart Association (NYHA) class (2.9±0.4 to 1.4±0.7; p<0.001), and the MLHFQ scores [overall (37.0±14.7 vs. 14.4±10.1; p<0.001), physical dimension (23.2±9.5 vs. 8.6±5.9; p<0.001) and emotional dimension (5.4±4.2 vs. 2.6±3.0; p<0.001)] were significantly improved 6.5months after TAVI. Patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) had an inferior improvement in QoL caused by a lower enhancement in physical dimension MLHFQ score (mean difference: -17.0±10.2 vs. -10.1±11.5; p=0.036). CONCLUSION: TAVI significantly improves symptoms and QoL in patients with severe AS and high surgical risk. Patients with PVD might be expected to have a less impressive improvement in QoL after TAVI.
    International journal of cardiology 05/2011; · 7.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study recent experience and safety of ergonovine stress echocardiography in our centre. In this study we collected the clinical variables of patients referred since 2002 for ergonovine stress echocardiography, in addition to indications, the results of this test, complications, blood pressure and heart rate values during the test and the number and results of tests requested before this technique. We performed 40 tests in 38 patients, 2 tests were carried out to verify therapy efficacy. The prevalence of classic cardiovascular risk factors was low and the most frequent indication was chest pain (57.5%). Coronary angiography was performed in 32 patients, and showed normal coronary arteries in 27 patients and non-significant stenosis in 5 cases. In 16 patients, coronary angiography was carried out after a positive or inconclusive ischemia test. Another 6 patients had a normal stress test (5 exercise electrocardiography tests and 1 nuclear imaging test). Of the 40 ergonovine stress echocardiography tests, 6 were positive (4 in the right coronary artery territory and 2 in the circumflex coronary artery territory), all of them by echocardiographic criteria, and by electrocardiographic criteria in only 3 (50%). The presence of non-significant coronary artery stenosis was more frequent in patients with positive ergonovine stress echocardiography (50% vs 6%, P = 0.038), and were related to ischemic territory. During the maximum stress stage, there was a higher systolic (130.26 ± 19.17 mmHg vs 136.58 ± 27.27 mmHg, 95% CI: -12.77 to 0.14 mmHg, P = 0.055) and diastolic blood pressure (77.89 ± 13.49 mmHg vs 83.95 ± 15.73 mmHg, 95% CI: -10.41 to -1.69 mmHg, P = 0.008) than at the baseline stage, and the same was registered with heart rate (73 ± 10.96 beats/min vs 79.79 ± 11.72 beats/min, 95% CI: -9.46 to -4.11 beats/min, P < 0.01). Nevertheless, there were only 2 hypertensive reactions during the last stage, which did not force a premature end to the test, without sustained tachy or bradyarrhythmias, and the technique was well tolerated in 58% of cases. A unique complication (2.5%) of this test was a prolonged vasospasm with a slight increase in necrosis biomarkers, however, this was without repercussion. Ergonovine stress echocardiography can be performed with safety, is well tolerated in the majority of cases, and is useful for determining the ischemia mechanism in selected cases.
    World journal of cardiology. 12/2010; 2(12):437-42.
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    ABSTRACT: High blood pressure increases left ventricular (LV) after-load. Furthermore, LV response to that high blood pressure varies among different subjects. Nevertheless, myocardial deformation behavior in these different adaptative responses has not been analyzed until now. Prospective study in which 66 consecutive hypertensive patients were enrolled in between May and August 2009. Every patient underwent a standard echocardiographic study and a three-dimensional-wall motion tracking (3D-WMT) study. The patients were classified according to parameters derived from echocardiography in four different groups: normal geometry, concentric remodelling, concentric hypertrophy, and eccentric hypertrophy. Mean age was 68 years (57-74.25; 51.5% male). Comparing the four groups, significant differences were found for the five 3D-WMT-derived parameters. When patients were compared with hypertensive patients with normal geometry, our finding show that: (a) LV average torsion is the only impaired parameter that is found in the LV concentric remodelling group (P < 0.05 vs. group 1); (b) there is a trend for an increase (P = 0.055) in LV average radial strain in the group with concentric hypertrophy and this increase is accompanied by a significant decrease in the remaining studied parameters (P < 0.05); and (c) in the LV eccentric hypertrophy group, there is a significant impairment in all the studied parameters (P < 0.05). LV adaptative response to hypertension is accompanied by a modification or even impairment, in LV myocardial deformation evaluated by 3D-WMT. This assessment might be useful to detect early and subtle deformation impairments in hypertensive patients and it could help optimize their clinical management.
    Echocardiography 11/2010; 27(10):1238-46. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the most frequently used parameter to evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic function, depends not only on LV contractility, but also on different variables such as pre-load and after-load. Three-dimensional wall motion tracking echocardiography (3D-WMT) is a new technique that provides information regarding different new parameters of LV systolic function. Our aim was to evaluate whether the new 3D-WMT-derived LV systolic function parameters are less dependent on load conditions than LVEF. METHODS: In order to modify the load conditions to study the dependence of the different LV systolic function parameters on them, a group of renal failure patients under chronic hemodialysis treatment was selected. The echocardiographic studies, including the 3D-WMT analysis, were performed immediately before and immediately after the hemodialysis session. RESULTS: Thirty-one consecutive patients were enrolled (mean age 65.5 ± 17.0 years; 74.2% men). There was a statistically significant change in predialysis and postdialysis, pre-load and after-load conditions (E/È ratio and systolic blood pressure) and in the LV end-diastolic volume and LVEF. Nevertheless, the findings did not show any significant change before and after dialysis in the 3D-WMT-derived parameters. CONCLUSIONS: LV 3D-wall motion tracking-derived systolic function parameters are less dependent on load conditions than LVEF. They might measure myocardial contractility in a more direct way than LVEF. Thus, hypothetically, they might be useful to detect early and subtle contractility impairments in a wide number of cardiac patients and they could help to optimize the clinical management of such patients.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 10/2010; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of left ventricular dysfunction after mitral valve replacement is a common problem in patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation. Assessment of myocardial deformation enables myocardial contractility to be accurately estimated. Our aim was to compare the value of the preoperative strain and strain rate derived by either speckle-tracking echocardiography or tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) for predicting the medium-term decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) following surgery. This prospective study involved 38 consecutive patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation who were scheduled for mitral valve replacement. The longitudinal strain and strain rate in the interventricular septum were measured preoperatively using speckle-tracking echocardiography and TDI. The LVEF was determined preoperatively and postoperatively using 3-dimensional echocardiography. Echocardiographic assessments were performed in the 48 hours prior to surgery and 6 months postoperatively. The patients' mean age was 59.9+/-11.3 years and 10 (29.4%) were male. Both speckle-tracking echocardiography and TDI were found to be predictors of a >10% decrease in LVEF at 6 months. However, the predictive value of speckle-tracking echocardiography was greater than that of TDI. The longitudinal strain at baseline in the interventricular septum as measured by speckle-tracking echocardiography was the most powerful predictor; the area under the curve was 0.85 and the optimal cut-off value was -0.11. Speckle-tracking echocardiography can be used to predict a decrease in LVEF over the medium term after mitral valve replacement. Moreover, the predictive accuracy of speckle-tracking echocardiography was greater than that of TDI.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 05/2010; 63(5):544-53. · 3.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

496 Citations
317.25 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1994–2014
    • Hospital Clínico San Carlos
      • Servicio de Cardiología
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 2005
    • Yale University
      • Department of Mathematics
      New Haven, CT, United States
  • 2004–2005
    • Spanish National Research Council
      • • Institute of Fundamental Physics
      • • Institute of Marine Sciences
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    • Princeton University
      • Department of Mathematics
      Princeton, NJ, United States
    • Hospital Pedro Hispano
      Senhora da Hora, Porto, Portugal
  • 2003
    • Hospital Universitario de Getafe
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 2000
    • Hospital 12 de Octubre
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 1989–1991
    • Complutense University of Madrid
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain