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Publications (9)14.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the role of angiogenesis in the carcinogenesis and progression of oral cancer, we investigated microvessel density (mVd), mast cell density (mCd) and thymidine phosphorylase (TP) expression in a series of 50 patients with T1-3 N0-1 M0 oral squamous carcinoma (OSC) and 21 patients with non-dysplastic oral leukoplakia (NDOLP). Paraffin-embedded pathological tissue was utilised for the immunohistochemical analysis of mVd and TP expression. Toluidine blue histochemical method was employed for mast cell identification. OSC and NDOLP were not significantly different with respect to mVd (mVd mean value +/- SD: 30+/-17 and 27+/-18, respectively) and mCd characteristics (mCd mean value +/- SD: 8+/-6 and 7+/-6 units, respectively). Conversely, tumour epithelia showed some degree of TP immunostaining in 100% of cases compared with 76% in NDOLP samples (p< or =0.001 by Fisher's test). A good correlation was found between mVd and mCd in both NDOLP (c.c. 0.632; p=0.002) and OSC (c.c. 0.496; p=0.000) tissue, whereas no association between TP expression and mVd or between mCd and TP status was evident. At a median follow-up of 18 months, patients with high mVd tumours showed a greater probability of survival than those with low mVd (75 and 40%, respectively; p=0.04 log-rank test). Our results suggest that the development of oral cancer epithelia is associated with a significant increase in TP expression. Conversely, the clinical outcome of OSC seems inversely related specifically to mVd.
    International Journal of Oncology 12/2002; 21(6):1317-23. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oncogene alterations have been clearly demonstrated to be related to the carcinogenesis and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the analysis of these alterations for screening and early diagnostic purposes generally requires invasive techniques for surgical removal of pathological epithelium. The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of HER-2/neu amplification in oral mucosa brushings and to compare the HER-2/neu status with the history and smoking and drinking habits of healthy subjects. Cells obtained by centrifugation of oral brushings from 21 subjects (overall no. of cells: 5125) were suspended in physiological saline and fixed onto two slides for cytological evaluation and FISH analysis (dual-target, dual-color fluorescence assay) of the HER-2/neu gene and CEP17 centromere. A mean of 89.8% of the cells showed two HER-2/neu signals and a mean of 94% had two CEP17 signals at fluorescent microscopy. Finally, a mean of 96% of cells with HER-2/neu / CEP17 had a ratio equal to 1. No association between smoking and drinking habits, age and the HER-2/neu and CEP17 characteristics evaluated by FISH was found.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 02/2002; 132(2):141-4. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are little data on the biological and prognostic role of neoangiogenesis in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity (SCCOC). In particular, the role mast cells--reservoirs of angiogenetic peptides--play in neovascularization is not clear. In this work 50 cases of SCCOC T1-3 N0-1 M0 were studied, examining the microvasal density (MVD), mast cell density (MCD), relationship between these two parameters and their relationship with the pathological clinical features. Microvessels were identified with an immunohistochemical method using pan-endothelial anti-CD34 antibody while a histochemical method was used to label the mast cells with toluidine blue on adjacent sections for each tumor sample. MVD and MCD were characterized using an image analyzer. The mean MVD was 30 +/- 17 s.d. per sample while the average MCD was 8 +/- 6 s.d. per sample. Statistical analysis comparing MVD and MCD using the Pearson method showed a direct, significant correlation between the two variables (correlation coefficient = 0.496; p = 0.000). When the carcinomas were divided into subgroups with high and low MVD and MCD--using the median counts (27 and 7 respectively) as cutoff point--no association was found with the main clinical pathological features (age, sex, tumor diameter, lymph node status, cytopathological grading). As regards the correlation with prognosis, after an median 020 months of follow-up, the subgroup of patients with tumors with high MVD presented a better overall survival at 18 months from diagnosis than did the subgroup with tumors with a lower degree of vascularization (70% vs. 45%; p = 0.049 log rank test). The data obtained suggest that mast cells play an active role in angiogenetic processes in SCCOC and indicate that MVD is a favorable prognostic factor for SCCOC patients.
    Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 07/2001; 21(3):171-8. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paraffin embebbed tumour tissues from 47 T1-2 N0-1 M0 primary oral squamous carcinoma have been utilized for immunohistochemical analysis of p53 expression (moab DO-7) and microvessel density (MVD) analysis (moab CD34). Fifty percent of cases showed p53 immunostaining with an average of 21% of p53 positive cells. A strong trend for a longer survival in patients with tumor p53- versus p53+ was evidenced (median survival: 12 months versus not reached, respectively; p=0.08 by log-rank test). A mean value of 27 MVD was found. The probability of overall survival did not result significantly different in the subgroups of tumours with high and low MVD (median survival: 6 months versus 6 months, respectively; p=0.24). Cox multivariate analysis confirmed that the only prognostic factor significantly related to the overall survival was clinical nodal status (O.R.=2.7; 95% C.I. 1.09-6.9), while p53 status only approached the statistical significance (O.R.=2.5; 95% C.I. 0.96-6.5; p=0.06).
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 07/2001; 20(2):225-30. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case is described of a 57-year-old woman with jaw metastasis from rectal adenocarcinoma who underwent colectomy and ovariectomy for moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the large intestine and peritoneal carcinosis. This patient subsequently underwent several cycles of chemoantiblastic therapy although, approximately six months after the initial surgery, a tumefaction of the gingival mucosa was found in the lower right premolar area. Radiography showed this neoformation to be an area of mandibular osteolysis. A biopsy, performed at the E.N.T Clinic of the IRCCS Oncological Hospital in Bari, Italy, revealed a metastatic lesion from rectal adenocarcinoma. This led to radiation therapy vs. the external fascia of the mandibular lesion. Then, given that further cerebral and hepatic metastases were found, palliative treatment was administered until the patient's death in June 2000. A review of the international literature shows how unusual it is to find secondary metastases from rectal adenocarcinoma in the mandibular region (only 23 cases have been published in the last forty years). For nearly all the authors examined, the treatment of choice for such lesions was radiation therapy associated with chemoantiblastic therapy. Despite such treatment, the literature bears significant agreement as to the poor, short-term prognosis.
    Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 04/2001; 21(2):115-8. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After a wide literature review, we retrospectively analyzed the accurately recorded early onset and late symptoms at first diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in a series of 85 patients. Thirty-seven (44%) and 48 (56%) of cases had a squamous (SCC) and undifferentiated (UCNT) histological NPC subtype, respectively. Thirteen (15%), 21 (25%) and 51 (60%) of cases were T2, T3 and T4, respectively. The involvement of locoregional lymph nodes resulted significantly more frequent in UCNT with respect to SCC (35% versus 18% respectively; p<0.05). Overall, the early onset symptoms were represented by locoregional lymph node enlargement in 35% of cases; nasal symptoms in 32%, otological symptoms in 36%, while neurological symptoms were reported in only 2% of cases. On the contrary, symptoms at first diagnosis were more frequently represented by lymph node enlargement (53%) and nasal symptoms (68%) which were the symptoms effectively conducting the patients to the specialist. A protocol for management of ORL symptomatic patients according to the incidence of described early onset and at first diagnosis symptoms is suggested.
    Oncology Reports 11/1999; 6(6):1395-8. · 2.30 Impact Factor