Giancarlo Falcioni

University of Camerino, Camerino, The Marches, Italy

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Publications (116)339.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aluminum is a redox-inert element that could induce cell damage via activation of oxidative stress. In this work, the effect of aluminum on different cellular compartments of human peripheral blood lymphocytes was studied. The presence of aluminum induced a lipid peroxidation and physico-chemical modifications at the membrane level. A decrease in fluorescence anisotropy of TMA-DPH and in the polarity of the lipid bilayer with a concomitant shift toward a gel phase was observed, while the pyrene excimerization coefficient (Kex) increased. Flow cytometry measurements, using JC-1, Rhodamine 123 and H2-DCFDA as fluorescent probes, indicated that aluminum induces a slight mitochondrial membrane depolarization that was associated with a moderate increase in reactive oxygen species production. A significative influence on these parameters was measured only at high aluminum concentration. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 03/2015; 31. DOI:10.1016/j.jtemb.2015.02.002 · 2.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a high-fat diet (HFD) on oxidative indexes in WistarOttawaKarlsburg W (WOKW) rats used as a model of metabolic syndrome in comparison with Dark Agouti (DA) rats used as a control strain. This syndrome is defined by the occurrence of two or more risk factors including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. Forty rats were used in the study and the effect of HFD was evaluated in terms of body weight and both hemoglobin and CoQ oxidative status. Moreover, 16 rats (8 of each strain) were supplemented with 3 mg/100 g b.w. of CoQ10 for 1 month in view of its beneficial properties in cardiovascular disease due to its antioxidant activity in the lipid environment. HFD promoted an increase in body weight, in particular in WOKW males, and in the methemoglobin (met-Hb) index in both strains. Moreover, HFD promoted endogenous CoQ10 oxidation. CoQ10 supplementation was able to efficiently counteract the HFD pro-oxidant effects, preventing met-Hb formation and CoQ oxidation. © 2014 BioFactors, 2014. © 2014 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
    BioFactors 11/2014; 40(6). DOI:10.1002/biof.1190 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundThe vast majority of the population around the world has always used medicinal plants as first source of health care to fight infectious and non infectious diseases. Most of these medicinal plants may have scientific evidence to be considered in general practice.ObjectiveThe aim of this work was to investigate the antioxidant capacities and anti-inflammatory activities of ethanol extracts of leaves of Cassia alata, Eleusine indica, Carica papaya, Eremomastax speciosa and the stem bark of Polyscias fulva, collected in Cameroon.MethodsChemiluminescence was used to analyze the antioxidant activities of plant extracts against hydrogen peroxide or superoxide anion. Comet assays were used to analyze the protection against antioxidant-induced DNA damage induced in white blood cells after treating with hydrogen peroxide. Flow cytometry was used to measure γδ T cells proliferation and anti-inflammatory activity of γδ T cells and of immature dendritic cells (imDC) in the presence of different concentrations of plant extracts.ResultsEthanol extracts showed strong antioxidant properties against both hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion. Cassia alata showed the highest antioxidant activity. The effect of plant extracts on γδ T cells and imDC was evidenced by the dose dependent reduction in TNF-α production in the presence of Cassia alata, Carica papaya, Eremomastax speciosa Eleusine indica, and Polyscias fulva. γδ T cells proliferation was affected to the greatest extent by Polyscias fulva.ConclusionThese results clearly show the antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory activities of plant extracts collected in Cameroon. These properties of leaves and stem bark extracts may contribute to the value for these plants in traditional medicine and in general medical practice.
    PLoS ONE 08/2014; 9(8):e103999. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0103999 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TiO(2) has been widely used to promote organic compounds degradation on waste aqueous solution, however, data on TiO(2) nanotoxicity to aquatic life are still limited. In this in vitro study, we compare the toxicity of two different families of TiO(2) nanoparticles on erythrocytes from Oncorhynchus mykiss trout. The crystal structure of the two TiO(2) nanoparticles was analyzed by XRD and the results indicated that one sample is composed of TiO(2) in the anatase crystal phase, while the other sample contains a mixture of both the anatase and the rutile forms of TiO(2) in a 2:8 ratio. Further characterization of the two families of TiO(2) nanoparticles was determined by SEM high resolution images and BET technique. The toxicity results indicate that both TiO(2) nanoparticles increase the hemolysis rate in a dose dependent way (1.6, 3.2, 4.8 μg mL(-1) ) but they do not influence superoxide anion production due to NADH addition measured by chemiluminescence. Moreover, TiO(2) nanoparticles (4.8 μg mL(-1) ) induce DNA damage and the entity of the damage is independent from the type of TiO(2) nanoparticles used. Modified comet assay (Endo III and Fpg) shows that TiO(2) oxidizes not only purine but also pyrimidine bases. In our experimental conditions, the exposure to TiO(2) nanoparticles does not affect the DNA repair system functionality. The data obtained contribute to better characterize the aqueous environmental risks linked to TiO(2) nanoparticles exposure. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2011.
    Environmental Toxicology 01/2014; 29(1). DOI:10.1002/tox.20778 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared the toxicity and accumulation of two different Cu compounds, CuO nanoparticles (NPs) and soluble CuSO4, in erythrocytes and different tissues in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The crystal structure of CuO NP analysed by XRD indicates that the NP are Tenorite, a monoclinic CuO. The in vitro toxicity results indicate that both Cu compounds increase the haemolysis rate in a dose-dependent way, but the effect was reduced treating cells with CuO NP. Moreover, both Cu compounds induce DNA damage and the entity of the damage, similarly to haemolysis, was more marked in cells treated with CuSO4. In vivo results, obtained after intraperitoneal injection, showed that Cu concentrations were significantly higher in gills (p<0.0001), kidney (p=0.007) and liver (p<0.05) of exposed fish with a significant increase in plasma Cu concentration 15h after CuSO4 treatment. Cu concentrations were significantly higher in fish exposed to CuSO4 than CuO in kidney (p<0.05) and gills (p<0.0001). Significant DNA damage with respect to controls was detected only when Cu was injected as CuSO4. The present data could serve to evaluate environmental Cu toxicity in fish depending on Cu speciation.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 08/2013; 97. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.07.001 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aluminum belongs to a group of potential toxic elements capable of penetrating the human body. In this paper, the effect of aluminum concentrations on red blood cell membranes using different fluorescent probes able to localize in various parts of the phospholipid bilayer (TMA-DPH, laurdan and pyrene) were studied. Our results confirm that human erythrocytes exposed to aluminum undergo physico-chemical modifications at the membrane level. A decrease in fluorescence anisotropy of TMA-DPH and in the polarity of the lipid bilayer with a concomitant shift toward a gel phase was observed, and the pyrene excimerization coefficient (k(ex)) increased. Furthermore, the presence of aluminum induced lipid peroxidation and reduced the activity of erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT and GSHPx). Al-induced morphological changes on the erythrocyte membrane surface were monitored using atomic force microscopy. These results provide further information on the target of action of different aluminum amounts.
    Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 11/2012; 27(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jtemb.2012.10.003 · 2.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: P66Shc, an isoform of adaptor proteins, is known to mediate various signals including those leading to apoptosis or cell proliferation. Previously, we have shown that diallyl trisulfide (DATS)-induced prostate cancer cell death was mediated by increased ROS formation. In this study, we investigated the role of p66Shc protein and its serine 36 phosphorylation in DATS induced decrease in prostate cancer cell viability (PC-3). PC-3 prostate cancer cells were used in this study. Stable cell lines expressing p66ShcS36A or an empty vector have been obtained. Cell viability, concentration of ROS, changes in P-p66Shc and P-Akt and DNA damage were determined. We observed that DATS treatment increased p66Shc phosphorylation at serine 36. Importantly, the phosphorylation was abolished by JNK inhibitor SP600125. Cells expressing plasmid-encoded variant of p66ShcS36A showed much higher resistance to DATS-induced cells death. In addition to that, we observed that DATS-induced ROS formation was completely abolished in cells expressing the p66ShcS36A variant. Interestingly, SP600125 proved to prevent DATS-induced Akt inactivation. In order to confirm that the observed effect is related to phosphorylation of p66Shc, we performed experiments on a stable cell line expressing p66ShcS36A. In such cells, DATS-induced Akt dephosphorylation was significantly reduced. On the other hand, hydrogen peroxide induced Akt activation in PC-3 cells, which was abrogated in cells expressing p66ShcS36A. Our results uncover a novel signaling pathway with p66Shc being indispensable for DATS-induced inactivation of Akt due to hypophosphorylation.
    European Journal of Nutrition 10/2011; 51(7):817-25. DOI:10.1007/s00394-011-0260-x · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among Teleosts, Sparus aurata occupies a prominent place in the gastronomic and economic fields of the Mediterranean basin and other geographic districts. The knowledge of its molecular structures and functional features, such as hemoglobin, may be helpful to understand the adaptive biochemical mechanisms that allow this fish to live under extreme conditions, including fish farming. In Sparus aurata red blood cells two different alpha and one beta hemoglobin genes have been identified. The alpha1 gene codifies a putative protein of 144 amino acids, the alpha2 gene produces a protein of 143 amino acids, and the beta gene encodes a chain of 148 amino acids. Comparative analysis of various hemoglobins indicates that allosteric regulation can be modified by the substitution of one or a few key residues. The comparison of the percentage sequence differences for alpha and beta chains in fishes indicates that evolutionary relationships between different species may be helpful to understand the mechanisms of their differentiation from other vertebrates. Hemoglobin alpha and beta chains of about 50 teleostean temperate and Antarctic fishes were analyzed to build phylogenetic trees using different algorithms: the neighbor-joining method, the maximum likelihood approach, and the Bayesian inference computation. Sparus aurata alpha chains are positioned in a paraphyletic cluster, which includes the same subunit of Chrysophrys auratus and Seriola quinqueradiata, whereas the beta chain is on an homophyletic branch with that of Chrysophrys auratus. Therefore, the phylogenetic approach suggests that both Sparus aurata hemoglobin alpha genes are paralogues and may have derived from a duplication event.
    Omics: a journal of integrative biology 03/2010; 14(2):187-200. DOI:10.1089/omi.2009.0098 · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    Donatella Fedeli · Manuel Carloni · Giancarlo Falcioni
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    ABSTRACT: The oxidative action of copper on different trout Oncorhynchus mykiss erythrocyte components was studied. The results indicate that: --cupric ions differently influence the oxidative status of two trout hemoglobin components I and IV (HbI and HbIV) having different structural and functional properties; --reactive oxygen species (ROS) production associated with hemoglobins autoxidation is not influenced by the presence of copper sulfate; --the susceptibility to hemolysis increases in the presence of copper only when the erythrocyte suspension is incubated in air; the effect of copper is almost absent for carbon monoxide-saturated erythrocyte suspensions; --DNA damage due to copper was not observed in our experimental conditions. The data obtained are important for the analysis of the environmental risks produced by copper on fish.
    Marine environmental research 10/2009; 69(3):172-7. DOI:10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.10.001 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted on sheep’s milk to determine the fat composition in flocks of different breeds (Suffolk, Fabrianese, Sopravvissana, Sarda) living in Marche region areas (central Italy). Samples were collected from December to July and the fatty acid profile, cholesterol content and lipid peroxidation status were analysed. The results show high levels of saturated fatty acids (SAT) for each period of the year considered. The amount of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) is three to five times higher than polyunsaturated ones (PUFA). An increase in PUFA content is present in samples collected in May and July. The content of cis-9,trans-11- and trans-10,cis-12-CLA isomers increases in May, reaching the highest values in July. The results reported here are of importance since the conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) content in cheese will depend on the CLA content of milk itself and this should be taken into account due to the beneficial effects of CLA isomers on human health. KeywordsSheep’s milk-Fatty acids-CLA-Cholesterol-Lipid peroxidation
    Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 04/2009; 3(1):55-60. DOI:10.1007/s12349-009-0057-0
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    ABSTRACT: In order to gain more knowledge on the stress responses of gilhead seabream (Sparus aurata) under extreme conditions, this study investigated the functional properties of the hemoglobin system and globin gene expression under hypoxia and low salinity. The oxygen affinity for the two hemoglobin components present inside the S. aurata erythrocyte was practically identical as was the influence of protons and organic phosphates (Root effect). The quantification of S. aurata hemoglobin fractions performed by HPLC and the data on gene expression of globin chains assayed by PCR indicate that under hypoxia and low salinity there is a change in the ratio between the two different hemoglobin components. The result indicating that the distinct hemoglobins present in S. aurata erythrocyte have almost identical functional properties, does not explain the adaptive response (expression change) following exposure of the animal to hypoxia or low salinity on the basis of their function as oxygen transporter. We hypothesize that other parallel biological functions that the hemoglobin molecule is known to display within the erythrocyte are involved in adaptive molecular mechanisms. The autoxidation-reduction cycle of hemoglobin could be involved in the response to particular living conditions.
    Science of The Total Environment 07/2008; 403(1-3):148-53. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.05.027 · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    G Isani · G Andreani · F Cocchioni · D Fedeli · E Carpené · G Falcioni
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    ABSTRACT: Cadmium (Cd), a heavy metal with limited biological function, is widely distributed in the aquatic environment as a result of natural and anthropogenic activities. The effect of 4 and 11 days exposure of gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata to sub-lethal concentrations of Cd was evaluated as levels of Cd content and Cd-metallothionein (MT) presence in different organs. The possible genotoxic effect was also evaluated in erythrocytes by using the "comet assay", a promising tool for estimating DNA damage at the single-cell level. The results obtained show that in the controls, Cd content was significantly higher in gills compared to in liver, but the treatment of fish with 0.1mg/l Cd induced a stronger accumulation of metal in liver depending on the length of the exposure period. Cd traces were found in plasma, muscle and kidney. Cd forms complexes in the cytosol with MT only in the liver but Cd-MT content significantly increased after 11 days of exposure to the metal, while after 4 days of treatment the protein level was similar to the control. The "comet assay" performed on S. aurata eryhtrocytes isolated from fish treated for 4 and 11 days with 0.1mg/l Cd, showed that there was no DNA damage at both exposure periods.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 07/2008; 72(1):224-30. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2008.04.015 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Triorganotin(IV) derivatives containing the anionic ligand bis(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylthio)acetate [(S-tim)2CHCO2]− were synthesized from the reaction between R3SnCl acceptors (R = Me and Ph) and the sodium salt of the ligand. Mono-nuclear complexes of the type [(S-tim)2CHCO2]SnR3 were obtained, which were fully characterized by elemental analyses and FT-IR in the solid state, and by NMR (1H, 13C and 119Sn) spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass in solution. The toxic effects shown by these compounds on trout erythrocyte components showed that the toxicity of the organotin(IV) complexes depends on the nature and on the lipophilicity of the substituents on the metal centre. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Applied Organometallic Chemistry 01/2008; 22(1):43 - 48. DOI:10.1002/aoc.1348 · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alcohol consumption for long periods negatively influences physiological functions of many cells, and leads to organ damage. Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species produced by ethanol metabolism cause adverse effects that might be alleviated by simultaneous treatment with various antioxidants. Here, the ability of ethyl pyruvate (EP) to reduce ethanol-induced oxidative stress was evaluated. Chemiluminescence studies show that EP has a higher capacity than pyruvate to scavenge hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anions. In order to evaluate whether EP can exert a protective effect against ethanol, rats were offered 10% ethanol in drinking burettes, containing or not different concentrations of EP (0.3%, 1% and 3%). The comet assay was employed to quantify the alcohol-induced DNA damage in rat lymphocytes. This test is a promising tool for the estimation of DNA damage at the single cell level. A significant protective effect of EP was observed in rat groups treated with this antioxidant, compared with those drinking only ethanol. Since EP has been shown to decrease the expression of numerous pro-inflammatory mediators, the monocyte respiratory burst was evaluated. The activation of monocyte NADPH oxidase by phorbol esters (PMA) showed that superoxide anion production was higher in the ethanol group than in the control group. The presence of EP considerably reduced superoxide anion production. In conclusion, hypotheses on possible mechanisms of action of EP on rat white blood cells are proposed.
    Journal of Applied Toxicology 11/2007; 27(6):561-70. DOI:10.1002/jat.1236 · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alcoholic patients and experimental animals exposed to ethanol display biochemical signs of oxidative damage, suggesting a possible role of free radicals in causing some of the toxic effects of alcohol. The ester derivative, ethyl pyruvate (EP) is stable in solution and should function as an antioxidant and energy precursor. In the present study, the effect of ethanol intake on plasma membrane fluidity, lipid oxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities (GPx, CAT and SOD) were first evaluated. Secondly, the consequences of ethyl pyruvate treatment on the physico-chemical properties of erythrocyte plasma membranes were investigated. The results obtained demonstrate that ethanol induces an increase in lipid peroxidation, a reduction of GPx activity and fluidity in the hydrophilic-hydrophobic region of the bilayer, moreover an increase of fluidity in hydrophobic part of the plasma membrane was measured. When rats were treated with ethyl pyruvate a partially protective effect can be observed for the hydrophilic-hydrophobic region tested by Laurdan, while EP cannot restore the DPH anisotropy values to the control values. In summary, our data indicate that treatment with EP can only partially reduce ethanol plasma membrane perturbation. Since this study shows an ethyl pyruvate dose-dependent effect, it is important to consider the amount of EP required to maintain the right level of membrane fluidity and polarity. These results could be interesting in order to investigate if EP, due to its radical scavenging effect, can prevent oxidative damage induced by ethanol intake and can protect against injure related with ethanol intake.
    Chemico-Biological Interactions 09/2007; 169(2):122-31. DOI:10.1016/j.cbi.2007.06.001 · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of the predominant carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) of the macular pigment of the human retina, to protect SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells against DNA damage induced by different RNOS donors. Although astaxanthin has never been isolated from the human eye, it was included in this study because its structure is very close to that of lutein and zeaxanthin and because it affords protection from UV-light. DNA damage was induced by GSNO-MEE, a nitric oxide donor, by Na(2)N(2)O(3), a nitroxyl anion donor and by SIN-1, a peroxynitrite-generating agent. DNA damage was assessed using the comet assay, a rapid and sensitive single cell gel electrophoresis technique able to detect primary DNA damage in individual cells. The tail moment parameter was used as an index of DNA damage. The values of tail moment increased in all the samples incubated with the RNOS donors, indicating DNA impairment. Data obtained show that the ability of zeaxanthin, lutein, and astaxanthin to reduce the DNA damage depends on the type of RNOS donor and the carotenoid concentration used. All the carotenoids studied were capable of protecting against DNA damage in neuroblastoma cells when the cells were exposed to GSNO-MEE. However, a different behaviour was present when the other two RNOS donors were used. The presence of a carotenoid alone (without an RNOS donor) did not cause DNA damage. Spectrophotometric studies showed that the order with which tested carotenoids reacted with RNOS was not always in agreement with the DNA protection results. The data from this study provides additional information on the activities of the macular pigment carotenoids of the human retina.
    Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B Biology 08/2007; 88(1):1-10. DOI:10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2007.04.007 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: O(2)carriers (extracellular and intracellular as well as monomeric and multimeric) have evolved over the last billion of years, displaying iron and copper reactive centers; very different O(2)carriers may co-exist in the same organism. Circulating O(2)carriers, faced to the external environment, are responsible for maintaining an adequate delivery of O(2)to tissues and organs almost independently of the environmental O(2)partial pressure. Then, intracellular globins facilitate O(2)transfer to mitochondria sustaining cellular respiration. Here, molecular aspects of multiple strategies evolved for O(2)transport and delivery are examined, from the simplest myoglobin to the most complex giant O(2)carriers and the red blood cell, mostly focusing on the aspects which have been mainly addressed by the so called 'Rome Group'.
    International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life 01/2007; 59(8-9):600-16. DOI:10.1080/15216540701308424 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to gain more knowledge about the antioxidant role of the predominant carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) of the human retina, this study investigated their antioxidant activity and capacity. Astaxanthin was also studied, because its structure is very close to that of lutein and zeaxanthin. The antioxidant activity of these molecules was evaluated using chemiluminescence techniques, with lucigenin and luminol as chemiluminogenic probes for the superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide, respectively. It was found that all three carotenoids have similar superoxide-scavenging activity. The effect on the reduction of H(2)O(2)-luminol chemiluminescence was present in the following order, zeaxanthin>astaxanthinlutein. Possible antioxidant capacity of these three compounds was sought using a biological system consisting of SK.N.SH human neuroblastoma and rat trachea epithelial cells subjected to oxidative stress from exposure to UVA radiation. In particular, we determined whether these compounds were capable of minimizing DNA damage and influencing the kinetics of DNA repair. DNA damage was assessed using the Comet assay, a rapid and sensitive single-cell gel electrophoresis technique used to detect primary DNA damage in individual cells. Neuroblastoma cells appeared more resistant to oxidative irradiation insult. The presence of carotenoids reduced DNA damage when rat epithelial cells were exposed to UVA radiation for 2min. A different result was obtained in experiments performed on neuroblastoma cells; in this case, the presence of carotenoid during UVA exposition increased the damage. The addition of carotenoids to epithelial cells after 2min of UVA exposition did not seem to improve the kinetics of DNA repair; on the contrary, zeaxanthin (after 60' incubation) and lutein (after 180' incubation) showed a genotoxic effect. The addition of carotenoids to neuroblastoma cells after 30' UVA exposition positively influences the kinetics of DNA repair in the first 15min of incubation. At longer exposition times, while the behaviour measured was not constant, a genotoxic effect was not observed. The data from this study provide additional information on the antioxidant and pro-oxidant activities of the predominant macular pigment carotenoids of the human retina.
    Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B Biology 12/2006; 85(3):205-15. DOI:10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2006.07.009 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    T H Wierzba · R A Olek · D Fedeli · G Falcioni
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    ABSTRACT: Exercise induces extensive generation of reactive oxygen species, which are responsible for tissue damage: enzymes inactivation, lipid peroxidation and single strand breaks in DNA. Defense system against free radicals is consisting of enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and numerous non-enzymatic antioxidants. The study was performed to evaluate the effect of a single bout of submaximal running exercise, on the lymphocyte DNA strand breaks and also to test how supplementation with tempol - a membrane-permeable SOD-mimetic (0.2 mmol/kg/day) influences the eventually evoked damage. Male, Wistar rats were challenged with graded 50 min. running on treadmill at intensity up to 75-85% of predicted VO(2)max. The DNA strand breaks in individual lymphocytes were determined by using a gel electrophoretic technique - "comet" assay. We found substantial lymphocyte DNA damage 60 min. after the exercise. Tempol failed to prevent from oxidative damage in rats challenged with exercise. Moreover tempol by itself induced higher DNA damage than the exercise bout.
    Journal of physiology and pharmacology: an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 12/2006; 57 Suppl 10:115-31. · 2.72 Impact Factor
  • R Gabbianelli · M Moretti · E Carpenè · G Falcioni
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    ABSTRACT: The alkaline comet assay, employing a single-cell gel-electrophoresis, is a rapid, simple and sensitive technique for visualizing and measuring DNA damage leading to strand breakage in individual cells. In this study, we report data about the effect of different organotin compounds (MBTC, DBTC and TBTC) on DNA from erythrocytes of the Scapharca inaequivalvis bivalve mollusc. Our results show significant DNA damage after 30 min in vitro incubation with 10microM of organotins. Since TBTC turned out to be the most genotoxic compound, followed by MBTC and DBTC, we exposed the molluscs to 50ppb of TBTC for 11 days. A significant increase of comet parameters was measured in our experimental conditions. The use of the comet test as a high-throughput screening assay to monitor the effect of environmental pollutants on marine organisms has been proposed.
    Science of The Total Environment 09/2006; 367(1):163-9. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.02.021 · 4.10 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
339.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1975–2015
    • University of Camerino
      • • Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche
      • • Department of Molecular Biology
      Camerino, The Marches, Italy
  • 1992
    • University of Rome Tor Vergata
      • Dipartimento di Biologia
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1980
    • Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
      • Department of Biology
      Roma, Latium, Italy