ABSTRACT: Microbial biofilm matrix contains polysaccharides and proteins and can require extracellular nucleic acids for initial formation. Experiments were designed to identify infectious pathogens in human aneurysms and to characterize biofilm formed by calcified human arterial-derived nanoparticles.
A total of 26 different microbial pathogens were isolated from 48 inflammatory aneurysms. Consistent amounts (0.49 McFarland units) of nanoparticles derived from similar tissue were seeded into 24-well plates and cultured for 21 days in the absence (control) or presence of RNase, tetracycline or gentamicin.
Control biofilm developed within 14 days, as detected by concanavalin A and BacLight Green staining. The formation of biofilm in wells treated with RNase was not different from the control; however, gentamicin partially inhibited and tetracycline completely inhibited biofilm formation. Therefore, nanoparticle biofilm retains some characteristics of conventional bacterial biofilm and requires protein-calcium interactions, although extracellular RNA is not required.
This model system may also allow study of nanosized vesicles derived from donor tissue, including any microbes present, and could provide a useful tool for in vitro investigation of nanoparticle biofilm formation.
Nanomedicine 12/2009; 4(8):931-41. · 5.05 Impact Factor
Surgery 09/2009; 147(2):181-4. · 3.10 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that the systemic delivery of planktonic forms of nanoparticles (NPs) derived from calcified, diseased human tissue or bovine blood are transmissible particles that exacerbate arterial response to injury. New Zealand White rabbits in which the endothelium was mechanically removed from one carotid artery were injected intravenously with either saline (control), lipopolysaccharide (LPS; surrogate for subclinical infection), hydroxyapatite crystals (HA; surrogate for NP shell), HA crystals exposed to culture media, or planktonic forms of bovine- or human-derived NPs. Carotid arteries were monitored by ultrasonography for 5 wk and then removed for histological examination. Uninjured arteries from all animals in each group remained patent with a normal anatomy. Injured arteries from 6 of 11 animals injected with human-derived NPs occluded and/or calcified; none of the injured arteries from animals in the other groups occluded (n = 28; P < or = 0.05). Injured arteries of rabbits injected with LPS or HA crystals developed eccentric hyperplasia. Discontinuous internal elastic laminae and thinning media characterized arteries from animals injected with bovine-derived NPs or cultured HA crystals. In conclusion, the systemic administration of planktonic forms of human-derived NPs exacerbated arterial response to injury distinct from that of bovine-derived NPs and other inflammatory agents.
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 04/2009; 296(5):H1434-41. · 3.71 Impact Factor