François Roubertie

Université Paris-Sud 11, Orsay, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (25)65.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Aortic valve replacement and management of complex left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in early life remains a surgical challenge. We assessed our experience with the Ross-Konno procedure. Methods Since 2000, 49 consecutive patients (24 neonates and infants) underwent the Ross-Konno procedure. Anatomic and clinical risk factors were analyzed. Results Median age was 12.2 months (0.0 to 194.4); 82% had previous valvotomy (surgical, n = 26; balloon, n = 7; balloon then surgical, n = 7) and 35% preceding arch repair (n = 17). Fifteen patients (31%) required concomitant procedures: mitral valve repair (n = 11), replacement (n = 1), endocardial fibroelastosis resection (n = 4), and aortic arch repair (n = 2). There were 5 hospital deaths (10.2%). Median follow-up was 63 ± 47 months. There were 4 late deaths (8.1%), all because of persistent pulmonary hypertension despite subsequent mitral procedures. Five-year actuarial survival and freedom from reoperation were 79.7% ± 6.1% and 68.6% ± 9.3%, respectively. Preoperative lower shortening fraction (p = 0.005) was associated with early mortality, while concomitant mitral surgery and pulmonary hypertension (p = 0.002) were associated with late mortality. Sixteen patients underwent 26 reoperations. Autograft function was normal in 30 of the 37 late survivors (81.1%), 4 (10.8%) had grade 2 regurgitation, and 3 (8.1%) required valve replacement. Conclusions Ross-Konno in children remains a high-risk procedure. Preoperative ventricular dysfunction is associated with significant early mortality and should favor conservative options. Mitral involvement substantially affects late outcome, survival for these patients relies on the efficacy in relieving mitral disease. Efforts to improve mitral repair in these infants are critically required as an alternative to univentricular pathways.
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 10/2014;
  • European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 07/2014; · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary valve replacement in adults who have a repaired tetralogy of Fallot is realized through a redo median sternotomy. A dilated ascending aorta is often present and adherent to the sternum and can be injured during sternum reentry, with dramatic consequences. We report on an adult patient with a corrected tetralogy of Fallot who underwent pulmonary valve replacement, thick transannular patch excision, and left pulmonary artery enlargement. Surgery was performed through a left posterolateral thoracotomy. This surgical approach was safe and efficient and, compared with the left anterior thoracotomy approach, offered many more possibilities.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 02/2014; 97(2):691-693. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of metastatic chondrosarcoma to the lung that invaded the right inferior pulmonary vein with massive cardiac extension and presented with an acute heart failure. CT scan showed a large mass of the right lower lobe which invaded and filled almost all the left atrium with an extension into left ventricle through the mitral valve. Surgical resection was performed in emergency. The patient is still alive 4 months after development of cardiac symptoms and surgery.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 09/2013; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Open-heart surgery can result in adhesions, which can complicate resternotomy. To document the occurrence of adhesions after the use of a new collagen membrane; to evaluate its tolerability; and to compare surgical parameters with control patients. Paediatric patients who underwent cardiac surgery with the collagen membrane (Cova™ CARD; Biom'up, Saint Priest, France) were analysed retrospectively for levels of adhesion and tolerability. The times of dissection and intervention and the transfusion of packed red blood cells and haemostatic products were compared to a historic cohort who did not receive an anti-adhesion device. From January 2010 to December 2011, 36 patients received a collagen membrane. Nineteen re-interventions were performed, after a mean of 169days. No grade 3 adhesions were observed and no tolerability problems were reported. During re-interventions after more than 30days, the propensity score-adjusted durations of dissection and the total process for patients with and without a collagen membrane were 32 vs 41minutes and 151 vs 182minutes, respectively (not significant). The mean quantities of red blood cells and biological glue administered in the two groups were 98 vs 139mL and 1.2 vs 0.5mL, respectively (not significant). This feasibility study shows the potential use of the new membrane in paediatric patients, both in terms of prevention from severe adherence and tolerability. This is the first study of this membrane in humans. A prospective, controlled study is necessary to provide strong evidence of its efficiency.
    Archives of cardiovascular diseases 07/2013; · 0.66 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 07/2013; · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) has not been studied in adults. We investigated early and midterm morbidity and mortality in adults undergoing TCPC and assessed risk factors for mortality. METHODS: Between June 1994 and October 2010, 30 adults (21.3 ± 5.5 years) underwent TCPC (extracardiac conduit). Twenty-two patients who had palliated single ventricles underwent TCPC completions and 8 patients underwent TCPC conversions. Preoperative and perioperative data were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Six of 9 patients with preoperative atrial flutter or fibrillation or intraatrial reentry tachycardia were treated in the catheterization room. An aortic cross-clamp was necessary in 12 patients, and 16 TCPCs were fenestrated. Mean follow-up was 51 months (range, 4-198 months). Early mortality was 10%: 2 of 8 conversions and 1 of 22 completions. There was 1 late conversion death (at 56 months postoperatively). Postoperatively, 4 patients required pacemakers and 1 patient required long-term antiarrhythmic medication, but no heart transplantations were necessary. Risk factors for early mortality were arrhythmia (p = 0.02), aortic cross-clamp (p = 0.054), and extracorporeal circulation in hypothermia (p = 0.03). Risk factors for overall mortality were conversion (p = 0.047), absence of fenestration (p = 0.036), surgery before January 2006 (p = 0.036), aortic cross-clamp (p = 0.018), extracorporeal circulation in hypothermia (p = 0.008), and arrhythmia (p = 0.005). New York Heart Association functional class had improved at the last follow-up: preoperatively, 17 patients were in class II and 12 patients were in class III versus 18 patients in class I and 9 patients in class II postoperatively (p < 0.001). At the last clinical visit, systemic ventricular function was maintained, and no late supraventricular arrhythmia was found. CONCLUSIONS: Early and midterm TCPC results for adults are encouraging for completion but are disappointing for conversion. Identified risk factors for mortality should improve patient selection for TCPC.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 12/2012; · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Roland Henaine, François Roubertie, Mathieu Vergnat, Jean Ninet
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    ABSTRACT: Valvular pathology in infants and children poses numerous challenges to the paediatric cardiac surgeon. Without question, valvular repair is the goal of intervention because restoration of valvular anatomy and physiology using native tissue allows for growth and a potentially better long-term outcome. When reconstruction fails or is not feasible, valve replacement becomes inevitable. Which valve for which position is controversial. Homograft and bioprosthetic valves achieve superior haemodynamic results initially but at the cost of accelerated degeneration. Small patient size and the risk of thromboembolism limit the usefulness of mechanical valves, and somatic outgrowth is an universal problem with all available prostheses. The goal of this article is to address valve replacement options for all four valve positions within the paediatric population. We review current literature and our practice to support our preferences. To summarize, a multitude of opinions and surgical experiences exist. Today, the valve choices that seem without controversy are bioprosthetic replacement of the tricuspid valve and Ross or Ross-Konno procedures when necessary for the aortic valve. On the other hand, bioprostheses may be implanted when annular pulmonary diameter is adequate; if not or in case of right ventricular outflow tract discontinuity, it is better to use a pulmonary homograft with the Ross procedure. Otherwise, a valved conduit. Mitral valve replacement remains the most problematic; the mechanical prosthesis must be placed in the annular position, avoiding oversizing. Future advances with tissue-engineered heart valves for all positions and new anticoagulants may change the landscape for valve replacement in the paediatric population.
    Archives of cardiovascular diseases 10/2012; 105(10):517-28. · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This report describes the case of a 6-month-old girl with a large cardiac fibroma in the right ventricle. Ventricular tachycardia associated with the fibroma was successfully treated with amiodarone. At the age of 3 years, surgical resection was indicated because of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction caused by progression of the tumor. The fibroma was successfully resected, and further follow-up evaluation was uneventful.
    Pediatric Cardiology 05/2012; · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ventricular pacing may add additional risk for right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and atrial redirection. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of long-term nonsystemic ventricular pacing on cardiac function, dyssynchrony, and clinical performance in patients with systemic RV. Forty-six adults with TGA and atrial redirection, of whom 11 were permanently paced at the nonsystemic ventricle, underwent assessment of clinical status and exercise stress testing, as well as echocardiography to assess parameters of RV function and dyssynchrony. In paced patients, median NYHA functional class was II, which was significantly higher than in nonpaced patients (median class I; P = 0.002). Maximum performance and peak oxygen consumption on exercise testing were significantly lower in paced patients when compared with nonpaced patients (100 ± 30 vs 120 ± 32 W and 22 ± 6 vs 27 ± 7 mLO(2)/kg/min, respectively; P < 0.05 for both). On echocardiography, RV shortening fraction (27 ± 11 vs 33 ± 10%), RV ejection fraction (39 ± 7 vs 44 ± 10%) and RV dP/dt(max) (891 ± 470 vs 1,024 ± 318 mmHg/s) were significantly lower (P < 0.05 for all) in paced versus nonpaced patients. Inter- and intraventricular dyssynchrony was most pronounced in the paced group (99 ± 10 vs 25 ± 9 ms and 70 ± 29 vs 21 ± 15 ms, respectively; P < 0.001 for both). Long-term pacing of the nonsystemic ventricle in patients with atrial switch for TGA was associated with significantly impaired functional status, exercise capacity, and systemic ventricular function.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 03/2012; 23(7):766-70. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the past 5 years a few number of studies and case reports have come out focusing on biventricular (BiV) stimulation for treatment of congenital heart disease related ventricular dysfunction. The few available studies include a diverse group of pathophysiological entities ranging from a previously repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) to a functional single ventricle anatomy. Patient's status is too heterogeneous to build important prospective study. To well understand the implication of prolonged electromechanical dyssynchrony we performed a chronic animal model that mimics essential parameters of postoperative TOF. Significant pulmonary regurgitation, mild stenosis, as well as right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) scars were induced in 15 piglets to mimic repaired TOF. 4 months after hemodynamics and dyssynchrony parameters were compared with a control group and with a population of symptomatic adult with repaired TOF. Comparing the animal model with the animal control group on echocardiography, RV dilatation, RV and LV dysfunction, broad QRS complex and dyssynchrony were observed on the animal model piglets. Moreover, epicardial electrical mapping showed activation consistent with a right bundle branch block. The animal models displayed the same pathophysiological parameters as the post TOF repair patients in terms of QRS duration, pulmonary regurgitation biventricular dysfunction and dyssynchrony. This chronic swine model mimics electromechanical ventricular activation delay, RV and LV dysfunction, as in adult population of repair TOF. It does appear to be a very useful and interesting model to study the implication of dyssynchrony and the interest of resynchronization therapy in TOF failing ventricle.
    International journal of cardiology 01/2012; 154(1):38-42. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Risk factors and rates of reoperation, arrhythmias, systemic right ventricular dysfunction (RVD), and late death after a Senning procedure were investigated. One-hundred thirty-two patients underwent a Senning operation between 1977 and 2004 (105 simple and 27 complex transpositions of the great arteries). Mean follow-up time was 19.5 ± 6.6 years. Surviving patients were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography and electrocardiography. Right ventricular function was assessed in 70 patients by isotopic ventriculography or magnetic resonance imaging. Operative and late mortality were 5.3% (7/132) and 9.6% (12/125), respectively. Nine patients were reoperated for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or baffle stenosis. Survival rate was 91.5%, 91%, 89%, and 88% at 1, 5, 10, and 20 years, respectively. Probability of maintaining permanent sinus rhythm was 80%, 65%, 55%, and 44%. Twelve patients required pacemaker implantation. Probability of no supraventricular tachycardia, atrial flutter/fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia was 95.5%, 91.5%, 88%, and 75%, respectively. These parameters were similar for simple and complex transposition. Probability of right ventricular ejection fraction >40% was 100% at 5 and 10 years, and 98% at 20 years for simple transposition, and 100%, 92%, and 58% for complex transposition. This difference was statistically significant. Risk factors for RVD were complex transposition (p < 0.001), body weight (p = 0.008), no cardioplegia (p < 0.001), and tricuspid valve regurgitation (p = 0.004). Senning procedure results in very good long-term survival out to 20 years. Both RVD and baffle stenosis were rare, but there was a concerning incidence of arrhythmia over time suggesting careful long-term surveillance.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 09/2011; 92(6):2206-13; discussion 2213-4. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Patients who have undergone repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) often present with right bundle branch block. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with right ventricular (RV) or biventricular (BiV) stimulation has been proposed as a modality to correct electrical abnormalities and improve cardiac contractility in patients with repaired TOF. We aimed to 1) compare ventricular electrical activation in adults with repaired TOF during RV versus BiV stimulation, using a non-invasive epicardial mapping system, and 2) examine the clinical mid-term effects of BiV resynchronization. METHODS: 9 adults with repaired TOF were implanted with a CRT system and underwent 1) a non-invasive epicardial mapping (n=9) during sinus intrinsic rhythm, RV and BiV pacing 2) a clinical evaluation (n=7) before and after 6months CRT with assessment of NYHA class and exercise capacity. RESULTS: During intrinsic rhythm, non-invasive mapping demonstrated delayed activation of the right compared with the left ventricle in all patients, with the greatest activation delay noted near the infundibulum. However, we observed important differences among patients, in the severity of activation delays. Global activation time and an index of dyssynchrony were improved (p<0.05) during BiV pacing compared with RV pacing and spontaneous rhythm. BiV pacing increased (p<0.05) exercise tolerance and lowered the mean NYHA functional class at 6months of follow up. CONCLUSION: Patients with corrected TOF present with different patterns of ventricular activation. RV stimulation modestly improved RV activation sequence and was associated with a delayed LV activation. Biventricular stimulation significantly decreased right and left ventricular dyssynchrony.
    International journal of cardiology 07/2011; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest (CA) is routinely used for aortic arch repair. Antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (ASCP) has been proposed to avoid neurologic complications. The optimal temperature during aortic arch repair with ASCP is not well established. We therefore compared early outcomes of patients undergoing aortic arch repair associated with intracardiac repair with ASCP either with hypothermia (<28°C, group I; n=70) or normothermia (>34°C, group II; n=40). From 2002 to 2008, 110 consecutive patients with interrupted aortic arch (n=40) or coarctation of the aorta (n=70) and cardiac anomalies underwent intracardiac and aortic arch repair without CA. Median age at repair was 12 days. Full cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), high hematocrit, and high rates of flow were used. ASCP flow was adjusted to maintain arterial pressure at greater than or equal to 50 mm Hg. ASCP was achieved either through a Gore-Tex (W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., Elkton, MD) graft to the innominate artery (n=36) or by direct cannulation (n=74). An electroencephalogram (EEG) was continuously monitored and 30 patients were monitored by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Preoperative data were similar in both groups. Group II demonstrated higher ASCP flows (p<0.001). Time to extubation, stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), and postoperative urine output and lactate levels were similar between groups. Mortality was 8.5% in group I versus 10% in group II. During the postoperative course, there were no clinical or electrical neurologic events in either group. Antegrade selective cerebral perfusion can safely avoid CA. No worse, early, or long-term effects of ASCP with normothermia were found.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 06/2011; 92(3):942-8; discussion 948. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements 01/2011; 3(1):101-101.
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    ABSTRACT: Repair of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) carries a high risk of operation, particularly in those with poor left ventricular function. In this study, we assessed the outcomes of patients who presented with severe preoperative left ventricular dysfunction (shortening fraction <15%) who underwent the repair under normothermic bypass. Since September 2002, 21 infants with severe left ventricular dysfunction underwent surgical repair using a direct coronary reimplantation technique. Mean age of patients was 5.3 +/- 3.8 months. Moderate or severe mitral regurgitation present in 5 patients was not addressed at the operation. Repair was performed under normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass and myocardial protection was achieved by intermittent antegrade normothermic blood cardioplegia. Mean cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times were 153.5 +/- 51 and 50 +/- 14.5 minutes, respectively. There was one (4.7%) early death because of sudden cardiac arrest 48 hours after successful weaning from mechanical ventilation. One patient required urgent left coronary artery stenting on the 34th postoperative day because of early reimplantation failure. There was no late death. Echocardiographic evaluation revealed a significant improvement in terms of shortening fraction (preoperative, 10.3 +/- 3.2% vs follow-up, 33 +/- 7.7%, p < 0.0001). Our results suggest that the repair of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery can be accomplished with acceptable mortality and morbidity rates even in patients having severely depressed left ventricular function. Normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass is safe and effective in children who have a limited tolerance to further ischemic insult.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 09/2010; 90(3):856-60. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Optimal treatment of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction observed in patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair is unclear. Studies of biventricular (BiV) stimulation in patients with congenital heart disease have been retrospective or have included patients with heterogeneous disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects on cardiac function of stimulating at various cardiac sites in an animal model of RV dysfunction and dyssynchrony and in eight symptomatic adults with repaired TOF. Pulmonary stenosis and regurgitation as well as RV scars were induced in 15 piglets to mimic repaired TOF. The hemodynamic effects of various configurations of RV and BiV stimulation were compared with sinus rhythm (SR) 4 months after surgery. In eight adults with repaired TOF, RV and left ventricular (LV) dP/dt(max) were measured invasively during SR, apical RV stimulation, and BiV stimulation. At 4 months, RV dilation, dysfunction, and dyssynchrony were present in all piglets. RV stimulation caused a decrease in LV function but no change in RV function. In contrast, BiV stimulation significantly improved LV and RV function (P < .05). Echocardiography and epicardial electrical mapping showed activation consistent with right bundle branch block during SR and marked resynchronization during BiV stimulation. In patients with repaired TOF, BiV stimulation increased significantly RV and LV dP/dt(max) (P < .05). In this swine model of RV dysfunction and in adults with repaired TOF, BiV stimulation significantly improved RV and LV function by alleviating electromechanical dyssynchrony.
    Heart rhythm: the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society 03/2010; 7(3):344-50. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The surgical reconstruction of right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) often requires the implantation of a valved conduit. Homografts are lacking availability and are associated with limited durability in children. Our experience with the Hancock porcine-valved Dacron (DuPont, Wilmington, DE) conduit (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) was retrospectively assessed. Follow-up was studied in 214 survivors who underwent 247 conduit implants between January 1990 and January 2007. Pulmonary atresia/ventricular septal defect was present in 86 (40.2%) and truncus arteriosus in 62 (29%). Conduit implantation was associated with anatomic repair in 136, conduit replacement in 96, and secondary pulmonary valve insertion in 15. Median age at operation was 62.5 months (range, 1 week to 50 years), including 14 neonates (6%). Median conduit size was 17.4 mm because of routine over-sizing. Pulmonary bifurcation patch augmentation was necessary in 26 patients. Periodic echocardiography studies were performed for a median follow-up of 98 months (range, 13 to 142 months). Three (1.4%) late deaths occurred. No conduit-related deaths or complications occurred. Conduit degeneration was associated with increase in valvular gradient. Valve regurgitation was absent or mild. Higher RVOT systolic pressure gradient at discharge did not influence conduit longevity. Conduit reoperation was delayed due to percutaneous balloon dilatation in 14 patients, associated with stenting in 7. Survival with freedom from conduit reoperation was 98% (95% confidence interval [CI], 97% to 100%) at 1 year, 81% (95% CI, 75% to 87%) at 5 years, and 32% (95% CI, 22% to 42%) at 10 years. The Hancock valved conduit is a safe and reliable alternative to homografts. It appears to be appropriate in patients with limited pulmonary vascular bed and high pulmonary artery pressures. Caution is required in neonates because of the rigidity of the Dacron housing. Initial results with secondary percutaneous procedures are encouraging.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 01/2010; 89(1):152-7; discussion 157-8. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have been confronted with patients in whom classical techniques did not offer optimum exposure to correct supracardiac forms of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, especially in neonates. Therefore, we present a surgical modification of the superior approach for enhanced exposure as a result of transection of the ascending aorta associated or not with the transection of the pulmonary trunk. The transaortopulmonary approach ensures a perfect exposition without any need to pull on the surrounding structures. Because of the better exposure, most patients do not require circulatory arrest.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 10/2009; 88(3):e27-8. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Slide tracheoplasty can be applied successfully to all types of long segment congenital tracheal stenosis. In case of short segment tracheal stenosis, direct resection and anastomosis is often preferred. We report a case illustrating a new side benefit of the slide tracheoplasty in a patient presenting a relatively short hypoplastic tracheal segment coexisting with tracheomalacia after EA with TEF repair.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 08/2009; 44(7):e15-7. · 1.38 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

100 Citations
65.23 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Université Paris-Sud 11
      Orsay, Île-de-France, France
  • 2012
    • Maastricht University
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
    • Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 2010–2012
    • University of Bordeaux
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 2009–2011
    • Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue
      Plessis-Robinson, Île-de-France, France
  • 2008–2009
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France