Shinji Mito

National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (11)34.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective The optimal medication therapies are recommended in patients with coronary artery disease even after the coronary revascularization. However, the information of optimal medical therapy in dialysis population is scant. We assessed the efficacy of statin on the clinical outcomes after Sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in patients with and without dialysis. Methods and Results We analyzed date from 843 consecutive patients who successfully treated with SES in our institution between August 2004 and November 2006. Among patients, 96 patients (11.4%) were undergoing dialysis. In non-dialysis patients, 405 patients (54%) were treated with statin at hospital discharge. In dialysis patients, only 16 patients (17%) were treated with statin. In non-dialysis patients, mortality rate was significantly lower in patients treated with statin than those without statin (4.4% vs. 13.9%, p<0.0001). While in dialysis patients, mortality rate was similar between patients treated with and without statin (56.3% vs. 57.6%, p=0.86). After adjusting for confounders, the hazard ratios for mortality were 0.39 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.14-0.99; p=0.047) in non-dialysis patients and 1.79 (95% CI, 0.39-7.86; 0.45) for dialysis patients. The interaction probability between statin use and dialysis for mortality was 0.016. Conclusion The use of statin may have beneficial effect on reducing mortality rate in patients after SES implantation in non-dialysis patients. However, such favorable effect was not observed in dialysis population.
    Internal Medicine 01/2014; 53(2):89-94. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The current development of serological biomarkers allows detection of smaller myocardial necrosis and early acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated the relevance of the heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) assay, which has recently been approved in Japan, for early diagnosis of AMI as compared with the sensitive troponin assay. METHODS: This is an observational study in a single center. From 2010 July to 2011 January, 114 patients who presented with symptoms suggestive of AMI were enrolled. RESULTS: AMI was adjudicated in 45 patients (40%). The diagnostic accuracy of measurements obtained at presentation for AMI, as quantified by the area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC), was significantly lower with H-FABP assay than the sensitive troponin assay [AUC for H-FABP, 0.59; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48-0.70; and for troponin I, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.83-0.94; P<.0001]. Among patients who presented within 2h after the onset of chest pain, the AUC for H-FABP was even low as compared with sensitive troponin (0.55; 0.39-0.72 vs. 0.89; 0.80-0.98, p<0.001). The clinical sensitivity for the diagnosis of AMI with the cutoff point of 99th percentile was similar in both assays (81% and 81%, respectively), however, the specificity was extremely low in the H-FABP assay as compared with sensitive troponin assay (19% and 79%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The measurement of H-FABP in 114 consecutive patients with chest pain suggestive of AMI showed no improvement of diagnosis for early AMI as compared with the current sensitive troponin assay because of its extremely low specificity.
    International journal of cardiology 11/2011; · 7.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 46-year-old woman presented herself at the hospital with progressive effort dyspnea and lower limbs edema which she had had for 3 months. She had a history of surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) at the age of 25-year-old. A transthoracic cardiac ultrasonography showed left ventricular dilatation, severe functional mitral regurgitation, and a recurrent shunt of PDA. Percutaneous coil closure of PDA was performed and 6 months after the procedure, resolution of functional mitral regurgitation and normalization of left atrial and ventricular sizes were achieved.
    Cardiovascular intervention and therapeutics. 09/2011; 26(3):278-280.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical outcomes of paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) and sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in patients on dialysis. Between May 2004 and December 2008, 95 patients on dialysis with 124 lesions were treated with PES alone, and were compared to 184 patients on dialysis with 244 lesions treated with SES alone, retrospectively. One-year major adverse cardiac event (MACE) including stent thrombosis, target lesion revascularisation (TLR), myocardial infarction (MI) and cardiac death were compared. Baseline characteristics were similar except for previous CABG (p = 0.02) and reference vessel diameter (p = 0.04). During hospitalisation, all cause death was more frequently observed in the PES group (p = 0.004). In-hospital MACE was not significantly different (p = 0.8). The incidence of 1-year MACE in the PES group was lower than that in the SES group (14.7%, 28.3%, p = 0.04), mainly due to the reduction of TLR (11.6%, 25.0%, p = 0.03). Rates of stent thrombosis (0%, 2.7%, p = 0.1), MI (1.1%, 3.8%, p = 0.2), and cardiac death (3.2%, 4.4%, p = 0.6) were not significantly different. PES appears to be more efficient in reducing angiographic and clinical restenosis in dialysis patients compared with SES.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 01/2011; 6(6):754-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Administration of adenosine attenuates myocardial stunning after reperfusion in a canine experimental ischemic model. However, it is unknown whether administration of adenosine triphosphate disodium (ATP) during reperfusion can attenuate myocardial stunning after coronary recanalization in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, we sought to elucidate the effects of ATP administration on serial changes of left ventricular systolic function before and after coronary recanalization. In 27 patients with first ST-elevation acute anterior MI, in whom primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was completed within 10 h after symptom onset, ATP at a mean rate of 103 microg/kg/min (n=16) or normal saline (n=11) was intravenously administered for 1 h during reperfusion. Left ventricular regional wall motion within the initially severely ischemic region was serially analyzed using the standard wall motion score index (WMSI) by transthoracic echocardiography. Means of WMSIs were similar shortly before primary PCI in both groups (2.79 in ATP group and 2.69 in controls). They changed to 2.56 and 2.22 shortly after PCI, 2.49 and 2.39 on day 2, 2.34 and 2.30 on day 3, 2.19 and 2.25 on day 10, and 1.85 and 2.02, 6 months later, respectively. Transient improved regional wall motion within the initially severely ischemic region was observed shortly after PCI in controls (10.3% of observed segments); however, it was significantly suppressed in the ATP group (2.55%). The percent recovery of WMSI on day 10, which was defined as WMSI on day 10 normalized by improvement of WMSI for 6 months, was 63.8% in ATP group and 65.7% in controls, implying ATP administration could not reduce myocardial stunning by day 10 after primary PCI. The high-dose administration of ATP during primary PCI prevented transient improved wall motion shortly after coronary recanalization rather than preventing left ventricular stunning. These results suggest that ATP can prevent reperfusion injury during primary PCI.
    Journal of Cardiology 10/2009; 54(2):289-96. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to determine whether Bach1 gene ablation leads to suppression of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E (Apo E)/Bach1 double knockout (DKO) mice. Apo E/Bach1 DKO mice were generated by intercrossing Apo E knockout (KO) and Bach1 KO mice. The animals were fed a high-fat diet for 8 weeks, and the atherosclerotic plaques in the thoracic and abdominal aorta were visualized by oil red O staining. In DKO mice, the total plaque area was reduced by 32% compared with that in Apo E KO mice. In DKO mice, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was upregulated in the endothelium and, to a lesser extent, in vascular smooth muscles. In atherosclerotic plaques in Apo E KO mice and DKO mice, HO-1 was abundantly expressed in the endothelium and macrophages. Urine excretion of 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha, a marker for lipid peroxidation, was reduced in DKO mice compared with that in Apo E KO mice. The effects of Bach1 ablation on the plaque area and 8-iso-PG F2alpha excretion were almost completely abolished by treating DKO mice with Sn protoporphyrin, an inhibitor of HO activity. Disruption of the Bach1 gene in Apo E KO mice caused inhibition of atherosclerosis through upregulation of HO-1. Inhibition of Bach1, conversely, may be a novel therapeutic strategy to treat atherosclerotic diseases.
    Hypertension Research 04/2008; 31(4):783-92. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bach1 is a stress-responsive transcriptional factor that is thought to control the expression levels of cytoprotective factors, including heme-oxygenase (HO)-1. In the present study, we investigated the roles of Bach1 in the development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and remodeling induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in vivo using Bach1 gene-deficient (Bach1(-/-)) mice. TAC for 3 weeks in wild-type control (Bach1(+/+)) mice produced LV hypertrophy and remodeling manifested by increased heart weight, histological findings showing increased myocyte cross-sectional area (CSA) and interstitial fibrosis (picro Sirius red staining), reexpressions of ANP, BNP, and betaMHC genes, and echocardiographic findings showing wall thickening, LV dilatation, and reduced LV contraction. Deletion of Bach1 caused significant reductions in heart weight (by 16%), CSA (by 36%), tissue collagen content (by 38%), and gene expression levels of ANP (by 75%), BNP (by 45%), and betaMHC (by 74%). Echocardiography revealed reduced LV dimension and ameliorated LV contractile function. Deletion of Bach1 in the LV caused marked upregulation of HO-1 protein accompanied by elevated HO activity in both basal or TAC-stimulated conditions. Treatment of Bach1(-/-) mice with tin-protoporphyrin, an inhibitor of HO, abolished the antihypertrophic and antiremodeling effects of Bach1 gene ablation. These results suggest that deletion of Bach1 caused upregulation of cytoprotective HO-1, thereby inhibiting TAC-induced LV hypertrophy and remodeling, at least in part, through activation of HO. Bach1 repressively controls myocardial HO-1 expression both in basal and stressed conditions, inhibition of Bach1 may be a novel therapeutic strategy to protect the myocardium from pressure overload.
    Hypertension 01/2008; 51(6):1570-1577. · 6.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced osteoclastogenesis, increased bone resorption, and osteoporosis have been reported in osteoprotegerin-deficient (OPG (-/-)) mice. OPG (-/-) mice available in Japan usually do not show vascular calcification. We have found that arterial calcification can be quickly induced by a simple procedure in OPG (-/-) mice. Male OPG (-/-), OPG (+/-), and OPG (+/+) mice were fed a high phosphate diet from 6 to 10 weeks after birth, and then 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) was injected for 3 days. We found that severe calcification developed in the media of the aorta in OPG (-/-) mice. Under electron microscopy, calcium deposits were observed in the cytoplasm and extracellular matrix of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Neither apoptosis of VSMCs nor infiltration of macrophages was observed. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of aortic tissue correlated with the calcified lesion area. Mouse aorta and bone extracts revealed an identical pattern by ALP electrophoresis. Our results demonstrated that OPG had anticalcification activity in the aorta, probably through the downregulation of ALP activity. Because the time course of arterial calcification after the injection of calcitriol is accurate and reproducible, this mouse model will be useful for further investigation of vascular calcification.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 10/2007; 27(9):2058-64. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been shown experimentally to prevent restenosis after balloon injury. We previously reported that quinapril reduced the 6-month restenosis (percent diameter stenosis >or=50%) rate after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, it was not established whether this favorable outcome was maintained for longer periods. This study was a prospective, randomized, open, and non-placebo controlled trial. Patients with coronary artery disease were enrolled after successful coronary balloon angioplasty or stenting. Two hundred and fifty-three patients were randomly assigned to the quinapril (10-20 mg per day) or control groups. The major clinical end points included death, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, or revascularization (either coronary artery bypass grafting or repeat PCI). These were tabulated according to the intention-to-treat principle. Long-term follow-up was available with a median of 4.8 (interquartile range 4.2-5.1) years after the procedure. The incidence of combined end points of mortality and morbidity (myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular accident) in the quinapril group was lower than that in the control group (6.1% vs 14.8%; relative risk [RR] 0.42, 95% CI 0.18-0.96, P =.033). The overall incidence of end-point events in patients with quinapril also occurred less frequently (29.8% vs 46.7%; RR 0.58, 95% CI 0.38-0.86, P =.007). These clinical outcomes show that the benefit of quinapril in patients following PCI is maintained for 4 years.
    American heart journal 04/2004; 147(4):662-8. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2004; 43(5).
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2003; 41(6):36-36.