Olatoyosi Odenike

University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota, United States

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Publications (53)286.15 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation is increasingly utilized in older adults. This study prospectively evaluated the prognostic utility of geriatric assessment domains prior to allogeneic transplantation in recipients 50 years and older. Geriatric assessment was performed prior to transplant, and included validated measures across domains of function and disability, comorbidity, frailty, mental health, nutritional status, and systemic inflammation. 203 patients completed geriatric assessment and underwent transplant. The median age was 58 years (range, 50-73). After adjusting for established prognostic factors, limitations in instrumental activities of daily living (HR 2.38, 95% CI 1.59-3.56; P < .001), slow walk speed (HR 1.80, 95% CI 1.14-2.83; P = .01), high comorbidity by hematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HR 1.56, 95% CI 1.07-2.28; P = .02), low mental health by short-form-36 mental component summary (HR 1.67, 95% CI 1.13-2.48; P = .01), and elevated serum C-reactive protein (HR 2.51, 95% CI 1.54-4.09; P < .001) were significantly associated with inferior overall survival. These associations were more pronounced in the cohort 60 years and older. Geriatric assessment measures confer independent prognostic utility in older allogeneic transplant recipients. Implementation of geriatric assessment prior to allogeneic transplantation may aid in appropriate selection of older adults.
    Haematologica 05/2014; · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical relevance of targeting RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway, activated in 70-80% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, is unknown. Selumetinib is an oral small molecule inhibitor of MEK1/2 kinase. Forty-seven patients with relapsed/refractory AML or ≥60 years old with untreated AML were enrolled on a phase II study. Patients were stratified by FLT3 ITD mutation status. The primary endpoint was response rate (complete, partial and minor). Leukemia cells were analyzed for ERK and mTOR phosphorylation. Common drug-related toxicities were grade I-II diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and skin rash. In the FLT3 wild type cohort, 6/36 (17%) patients had a response [1 partial response, 3 minor responses, 2 unconfirmed minor responses (uMR)]. No patient with FLT3 ITD responded. NRAS and KRAS mutations were detected in 7% and 2% patients, respectively. The sole patient with KRAS mutation had uMR with hematologic improvement in platelets. Baseline p-ERK activation was observed in 85% of patients analyzed but did not correlate with a response. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3733542 in exon 18 of KIT gene was detected in significantly higher number of patients with response/stable disease compared with non-responders (60% vs 23%; p=0.027). Selumetinib is associated with modest single agent antileukemic activity in advanced AML. However, given its favorable toxicity profile, combination with drugs that target other signaling pathways in AML should be considered. The potential association of SNP rs3733542 in exon 18 of KIT gene with antileukemic activity of selumetinib is intriguing, but will require validation in larger trials.
    Clinical Cancer Research 10/2013; · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ruxolitinib, a Janus kinase 1 and 2 inhibitor, demonstrated improvements in spleen volume, symptoms, and survival over placebo and best available therapy in intermediate-2 or high-risk myelofibrosis patients with baseline platelet counts ≥100 ×109/L in phase III studies. The most common adverse events were dose-dependent anemia and thrombocytopenia, which were anticipated because thrombopoietin and erythropoietin signal through JAK2. These events were manageable, rarely leading to treatment discontinuation. Because approximately one-quarter of MF patients have platelet counts <100 ×109/L consequent to their disease, ruxolitinib was evaluated in this subset of patients using lower initial doses. Interim results of a phase II study of ruxolitinib in myelofibrosis patients with baseline platelet counts of 50-100 ×109/L are reported. Ruxolitinib was initiated at a dose of 5 mg twice daily (BID), and doses could be increased by 5 mg once daily every 4 weeks to 10 mg BID if platelet counts remained adequate. Additional dosage increases required evidence of suboptimal efficacy. Assessments included measurement of spleen volume by MRI, MF symptoms by MF Symptom Assessment Form v2.0 Total Symptom Score [TSS]), Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC); EORTC QLQ-C30, and safety/tolerability. By week 24, 62% of patients achieved stable doses ≥ 10 mg BID. Median reductions in spleen volume and TSS were 24.2% and 43.8%, respectively. Thrombocytopenia necessitating dose reductions and dose interruptions occurred in 12 and 8 patients, respectively, and occurred mainly in patients with baseline platelet counts ≤75 ×109/L. Seven patients experienced platelet count increases ≥15 ×109/L. Mean hemoglobin levels remained stable over the treatment period. Two patients discontinued for adverse events: 1 for grade 4 retroperitoneal hemorrhage secondary to multiple and suspected pre-existing renal artery aneurysms and 1 for grade 4 thrombocytopenia. Results suggest that a low starting dose of ruxolitinib with escalation to 10 mg BID may be appropriate in myelofibrosis patients with low platelet counts.
    Journal of Hematology & Oncology 10/2013; 6(1):81. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with relapsed/refractory leukemias or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) fare poorly following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). We report prospective phase II study results of 29 patients given clofarabine 30 mg/m(2)/day i.v. × 5 days followed immediately by HCT conditioning while at the cytopenic nadir. A total of 15/29 patients (52%) were cytoreduced according to pre-defined criteria (cellularity <20% and blasts <10%). Marrow cellularity (P<0.0001) and blast% (P=0.03) were reduced. Toxicities were acceptable, with transient hyperbilirubinemia (48%) and gr3-4 infections (10%). In all, 28/29 proceeded to transplant; 27 received ATG or alemtuzumab. Post HCT, 180 day non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 7% (95% confidence interval (CI): 1-21), relapse was 29% (95% CI: 13-46) and OS was 71% (95% CI: 51-85), comparing favorably to published data for high-risk patients. Two-year graft vs host disease incidence was 40% (95% CI: 21-58) and 2 year OS was 31% (95% CI: 14-48). Disease at the nadir correlated with inferior OS after HCT (HR=1.22 for each 10% marrow blasts, 95% CI: 1.02-1.46). For AML/MDS patients, there was a suggestion that successful cytoreduction increased PFS (330 vs 171 days, P=0.3) and OS (375 vs 195 days, P=0.31). Clofarabine used as a bridge to HCT reduces disease burden, is well tolerated, and permits high-risk patients to undergo HCT with acceptable NRM. Late relapses are common; thus, additional strategies should be pursued. NCT-00724009.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 17 June 2013; doi:10.1038/bmt.2013.79.
    Bone marrow transplantation 06/2013; · 3.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Angiogenesis is implicated in the pathophysiology and progression of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Vatalanib (PTK787/ZK222584; Novartis and Schering AG) inhibits receptor tyrosine kinases of vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet derived growth factor and c-Kit. We examined whether vatalanib induces hematological responses in MDS and/or delays progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or death. Methods: Two cohorts were studied. Vatalanib 1250 mg orally was given once daily (cohort 1) or 750–1250 mg once daily in an intra-patient dose escalating schedule (cohort 2) in 28-day cycles to 155 patients with MDS; 142 patients were evaluable for response and 153 for toxicity. Results: The median age was 70.5 years; 51 % had low risk (International Prognostic Scoring System {IPSS} Low/Intermediate-1) and 32 % had high risk (IPSS Intermediate-2/High) MDS. Hematological improvement was achieved in 7/142 (5 %) patients; all 7 were among the 47 patients able to remain on vatalanib for at least 3 months (hematological improvement achieved in 15 % of these 47 patients). For patients with low risk and high risk MDS, respectively, median progression-free survivals were 15 and 6 months, median times to transformation to AML were 28 and 6 months, and median overall survivals were 36 and 10 months. The most frequent non-hematological adverse events grade ≥2 were fatigue, nausea or vomiting, dizziness, anorexia, ataxia, diarrhea, and pain. Two deaths (one intra-cerebral hemorrhage and one sudden death) were possibly related to vatalanib. Conclusions: Vatalanib induces improvement in blood counts in a small proportion of MDS patients. Clinical applicability is limited by side effects.
    Investigational New Drugs 05/2013; · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • Olatoyosi Odenike
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    ABSTRACT: Myelofibrosis (MF), including primary MF, postpolycythemia vera MF, and postessential thrombocythemia MF, is a clonal stem cell disorder characterized by BM fibrosis, extramedullary hematopoiesis, and a variable propensity to transform into acute leukemia. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is the only known cure for MF, but its applicability is limited by the advanced age of most patients and by comorbid conditions. In the past decade, there has been an explosion of information on the molecular-genetic features associated with these diseases, fueled recently by the discovery of the JAK2V617F mutation. The development of JAK inhibitors has represented a significant therapeutic advance for these diseases; however, their use in MF has not yet been associated with eradication or a significant suppression of the malignant clone. In this era, much remains to be understood about MF, but it is likely that the identification of key pathogenetic drivers of the disease, coupled with the availability of novel molecularly targeted agents, will result in the discovery of new agents that significantly alter the natural history of the disease. This review focuses on recent and ongoing efforts in the development of novel agents in MF that go beyond the field of JAK inhibitors.
    Hematology 01/2013; 2013:545-52. · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Summary The natural history and prognosis for young patients with polycythemia vera (PV) in the post-JAK2 V617F era is not well defined; therefore, we retrospectively analyzed disease characteristics and clinical outcomes in 120 patients ≤45 years and 84 patients ≥65 years at diagnosis. Despite lower white blood counts (9.2 vs. 13.4 x 10(9)/L, p=0.004) and a lower JAK2 V617F allele burden (51% vs. 66%, p=0.015), younger PV patients had comparable rates of vascular complications compared to older patients (27% vs. 31%, p=0.64). However, splanchnic vein thrombosis occurred more frequently in younger patients (13% vs. 2%, p=0.0056). Myelofibrotic and leukemic transformation, the most serious complications of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), occurred with similar frequencies in young vs. older patients (15% vs. 10%, p=0.29). Prevention or delay of these complications is currently the most urgent challenge in the care of younger patients with PV.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 12/2012; · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Chest 12/2012; 142(6):1680-3. · 5.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Umbilical cord blood (UCB) stem cells are frequently employed for allogeneic stem cell transplantation, but delayed myeloid and lymphoid immune-reconstitution leads to increased risk of infections. We recently reported the clinical results of 45 patients enrolled on a pilot study combining UCB with an HLA-haploidentical donor with reduced-intensity conditioning and showed rapid neutrophil and platelet recovery. We report here preliminary immune reconstitution data of these patients. Patients were assessed for lymphocyte subsets, T-cell diversity, Cylex Immuknow assay, and serological response to pneumococcal vaccination. NK-cell and B-cell reconstitution were rapid at 1 month and 3 months, respectively. T-cell recovery was delayed with gradual increase in the number of T-cells, starting around 6 months post-transplantation, and was characterized by a diverse polyclonal T-cell repertoire. Overall, immune reconstitution after haplo-cord transplantation is similar to that seen after cord blood transplantation, despite infusion of much lower cord blood cell dose.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 10/2012; · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Katarzyna Jamieson, Olatoyosi Odenike
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant hematologic disorder that affects more than 13,000 adults each year in the USA. Despite continued advances in the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of the disease and patient management, the cure rate for AML remains relatively low, largely due to a high rate of relapsed or refractory disease. Areas covered: The purpose of this review is to provide an understanding of the unmet needs in relapsed/refractory AML, and to assess promising investigational agents with ongoing or planned Phase III clinical trials. Expert opinion: Although the treatment of relapsed/refractory AML remains a challenge, numerous new chemotherapeutics are currently in development. Enrollment in clinical trials should be strongly considered for patients with relapsed/refractory disease, and emerging data may help identify new agents with significant activity in this setting.
    Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 09/2012; 13(15):2171-87. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The rising use of allogeneic transplantation in older recipients necessitates considering older related donors. The effect of related donor age for peripheral blood stem cell allografts (PBSC) on graft maintenance and outcomes, independent of CD34(+)cell dose, has not been well-characterized. HLA-related donors (98% siblings) underwent a uniform filgrastim-based mobilization regimen aiming to collect and infuse 5 × 10(6) CD34(+) cells/recipient kg. Donor and recipient age were modeled in multiple ways to account for the correlation, and outcomes reported by decade of donor age. The median donor and recipient ages were 52 years and 54 years, respectively. The mean CD34(+) cell dose infused was 5.6 × 10(6) CD34(+)/kg and 75% of patients received a narrow range between 4.4 and 6.6 × 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg. Neither better PBSC mobilization nor higher CD34(+) content of allografts was significantly associated with engraftment or transplant outcomes. After adjusting for recipient age and other prognostic factors, older donor age by decade conferred a lower risk of non-relapse mortality (NRM) [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45-0.91, P = 0.013] and borderline improvement in overall survival (OS) (HR = 0.76, 95% CI 0.58-0.99, P = 0.045) without altering progression-free survival (PFS) (HR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.66-1.07, P = 0.18). Older donor age does not worsen outcome after matched related donor PBSC transplantation in patients receiving a narrow range CD34(+) cells. The relatively small sample size mandates that the finding of similar to improved outcomes for older related donor age must be confirmed in larger studies.
    Cytotherapy 05/2012; 14(6):707-15. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Lucatumumab is a fully humanized anti-CD40 antibody that blocks interaction of CD40L with CD40 and also mediates antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). We evaluated lucatumumab in a phase I clinical trial in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Twenty-six patients with relapsed CLL were enrolled on five different dose cohorts administered weekly for 4 weeks. The maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of lucatumumab was 3.0 mg/kg. Four patients at doses of 4.5 mg/kg and 6.0 mg/kg experienced grade 3 or 4 asymptomatic elevated amylase and lipase levels. Of the 26 patients enrolled, 17 patients had stable disease (mean duration of 76 days, range 29-504 days) and one patient had a nodular partial response for 230 days. Saturation of CD40 receptor on CLL cells was uniform at all doses post-treatment but also persisted at trough time points in the 3.0 mg/kg or greater cohorts. At the MTD, the median half-life of lucatumumab was 50 h following the first infusion, and 124 h following the fourth infusion. In summary, lucatumumab had acceptable tolerability, pharmacokinetics that supported chronic dosing and pharmacodynamic target antagonism at doses of 3.0 mg/kg, but demonstrated minimal single-agent activity. Future efforts with lucatumumab in CLL should focus on combination-based therapy.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 04/2012; 53(11):2136-42. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immediately after the annual scientific meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), a select group of clinical and laboratory investigators in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) is summoned to a post-ASH conference on chronic myeloid leukemia and the BCR-ABL1-negative MPN. The 6th such meeting occurred on December 13–14,2011, in La Jolla, California, USA, under the direction of its founder,Dr. Tariq Mughal. The current document is the first of two reports on this post-ASH event and summarizes the most recent preclinical and clinical advances in polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia,and primary myelofibrosis.
    American Journal of Hematology 02/2012; 87(5):562-8. · 4.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a 45 patient prospective study of reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) and transplantation of unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) and CD34(+) stem cells from a haploidentical family member. Median age was 50 years; weight was 80 kg. Fifty-eight percent had active disease. Neutrophil engraftment occurred at 11 days (interquartile range [IQR], 9-15) and platelet engraftment at 19 days (IQR, 15-33). In the majority of patients, early haploidentical engraftment was replaced by durable engraftment of UCB by 100 days, with regular persistence of minor host and/or haplo-hematopoiesis. Percentage of haplochimerism at day 100 correlated with the haplo-CD34 dose (P = .003). Cumulative incidence of acute GVHD (aGVHD) was 25% and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 5%. Actuarial survival at 1 year was 55%, progression-free survival (PFS) was 42%, nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was 28%, and relapse was 30%. RIC and haplo-cord transplantation results in fast engraftment of neutrophils and platelets, low incidences of aGVHD and cGVHD, low frequency of delayed opportunistic infections, reduced transfusion requirements, shortened length of hospital stay, and promising long-term outcomes. UCB cell dose had no impact on time to hematopoietic recovery. Therefore, UCB selection can prioritize matching, and better matched donors can be identified rapidly for most patients. This study is registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as NCI clinical trial no. NCT00943800.
    Blood 12/2011; 118(24):6438-45. · 9.78 Impact Factor
  • Olatoyosi Odenike, John Anastasi, Michelle M Le Beau
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    ABSTRACT: The myelodysplastic syndromes are a diverse group of clonal stem cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral cytopenias, and an increased propensity to evolve to acute myeloid leukemia. The molecular pathogenesis of these disorders is poorly understood, but recurring chromosomal abnormalities occur in approximately 50% of cases and are the focus of much investigation. The availability of newer molecular techniques has allowed the identification of additional genetic aberrations, including mutations and epigenetic changes of prognostic and potential therapeutic importance. This review focuses on the key role of cytogenetic analysis in myelodysplastic syndromes in the context of the diagnosis, prognosis, and pathogenesis of these disorders.
    Clinics in laboratory medicine 12/2011; 31(4):763-84. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a phase I-II study of transplantation conditioning with clofarabine-melphalan-alemtuzumab for patients with advanced hematologic malignancies. Ten patients were accrued to the phase I portion, which utilized an accelerated titration design. No dose-limiting toxicity was observed, and clofarabine 40 mg/m(2) × 5, melphalan 140 mg/m(2) × 1, and alemtuzumab 20 mg × 5 was adopted for the phase II study, which accrued 72 patients. Median age was 54 years. There were 44 patients with acute myelogenous leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes, 27 with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and nine patients with other hematologic malignancies. The largest subgroup of 35 patients had American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation high-risk, active disease. All evaluable patients engrafted with a median time to neutrophil and platelet recovery of 10 and 18 days, respectively. The cumulative incidence of treatment-related mortality was 26% at 1 year. Cumulative incidence of relapse was 29% at 1 year. Overall survival was 80% (95% confidence interval [CI], 71-89) at 100 days and 59% (95% CI, 47-71) at 1 year. Progression-free-survival was 45% (95% CI, 33-67) at 1 year. Rapid-onset renal failure was the main toxicity in the phase II study and more frequent in older patients and those with baseline decrease in glomerular filtration rate. Grade 3-5 renal toxicity was observed in 16 of 74 patients (21%) treated at the phase II doses. Clofarabine-melphalan-alemtuzumab conditioning yields promising response and duration of response, but renal toxicity poses a considerable risk particularly in older patients.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 11/2011; 18(6):913-21. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with high-risk AML, defined as those with advanced age, relapsed/refractory disease, unfavorable molecular and cytogenetic abnormalities, therapy-related myeloid neoplasm (t-MN) and multiple medical co-morbidities tend to respond poorly to standard cytarabine and daunorubicin induction therapy and have a poor prognosis. We performed a retrospective analysis of an alternative induction regimen using high dose cytarabine (HiDAC) and mitoxantrone (MITO) administered to 78 high-risk patients with AML at The University of Chicago from 2001 to 2008. The primary endpoints of the study were complete remission (CR) rate and death within 30 days of initiation of treatment. The median age was 63 years (range:23-85); 27% of these patients had a Charlson co-morbidity index (CCI) > 2. Forty-three (56%) patients had unfavorable cytogenetics, 28 (37%) had intermediate-risk cytogenetics and 5 (7%) had favorable cytogenetics. The CR rate was 45% and the CRi rate 10%; 7 patients (9%) died during induction. Notably, t-MN and relapsed/refractory patients had CR and induction death rates equivalent to de novo AML patients within this series. In this high risk AML population, HiDAC/MITO induction demonstrated an overall response rate of 55% with a low induction death rate of 9% and allowed 32 (41%) patients to proceed to allogeneic stem cell transplant.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 09/2011; 53(3):445-50. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia & lymphoma 07/2011; 53(1):158-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Olatoyosi Odenike, Michelle M Le Beau
    New England Journal of Medicine 06/2011; 364(26):2545-6. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eg5 (kinesin spindle protein) is a microtubule motor protein, essential for centrosome separation during mitosis. This Phase I/II, open-label, multicenter, two-part study investigated AZD4877, a potent Eg5 inhibitor, in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Primary objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) (part A), assess efficacy (part B) and determine the pharmacokinetic profile (parts A and B). Secondary objectives included assessment of safety and tolerability. AZD4877 was administered at a range of doses (2, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16 and 18 mg/day) as a 1-hour intravenous infusion on three consecutive days of a continuous 2-week schedule. The MTD in part A was defined as 16 mg/day based on dose-limiting stomatitis at 16 and 18 mg/day, hyperbilirubinemia at 16 mg/day and palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome at 18 mg/day. Systemic exposure to AZD4877 generally increased with increasing dose whereas half-life was not dose dependent. No evaluable patients experienced a complete remission (CR) or CR with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi), demonstrating no evidence of AZD4877 efficacy in this population. Evidence of monoasters in all but the 4 mg/day dose group provided proof of mechanism for AZD4877. This study was terminated due to lack of efficacy. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00486265).
    Investigational New Drugs 04/2011; 30(3):1107-15. · 3.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

835 Citations
286.15 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • University of Minnesota Duluth
      Duluth, Minnesota, United States
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      • Department of Leukemia
      Houston, Texas, United States
    • University of South Florida
      Tampa, Florida, United States
  • 2004–2013
    • University of Chicago
      • • Section of Hematology/Oncology
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Medicine
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2012
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      North Carolina, United States
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2011
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
      • Section of Hematology and Oncology
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2008–2011
    • The University of Chicago Medical Center
      • • Section of Hematology/Oncology
      • • Department of Medicine
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      • Department of Medicine
      Buffalo, NY, United States
  • 2007
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      • Department of Hematology
      Rochester, Minnesota, United States
  • 2005
    • The Ohio State University
      • Division of Hematology
      Columbus, OH, United States