J Oldenburg

University of Bonn - Medical Center, Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (425)1489.55 Total impact

  • J. Oldenburg, S. K. Austin, C. M. Kessler
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    ABSTRACT: The development of alloantibody inhibitors against factor VIII (FVIII) represents the most significant complication of haemophilia care. Inhibitors tend to develop early in the course of treatment in about 20–30% of patients with severe haemophilia who receive on-demand or prophylactic FVIII therapy. Many factors are associated with inhibitor formation, including disease severity, major FVIII gene defects, family history and non-Caucasian race, as well as age at first treatment, intensity of early treatment, use of prophylaxis and product choice. As these latter treatment-related variables are modifiable, they provide opportunity to minimize inhibitor incidence at the clinical level. Data from the Bonn Centre in Germany have indicated an overall success rate of 78% for immune tolerance induction (ITI) therapy, with a failure rate of 15% and with some treatments either ongoing (3%) or withdrawn (4%). Similarly, data from the G-ITI study, the largest international multicentre ITI study using a single plasma-derived (pd) FVIII/von Willebrand factor (VWF) product, have demonstrated success rates (complete and partial) in primary and rescue ITI of 87% and 74%, respectively, with 85% of poor prognosis patients achieving success. Favourable clinical results based on success rates and time to tolerization continue to be reported for use of pdFVIII/VWF in ITI, with pdFVIII/VWF having a particular role in patients who require rescue ITI and those with a poor prognosis for success. Data from prospective, randomized, controlled clinical studies, such as RES.I.ST (Rescue Immune Tolerance Study), are eagerly awaited. Another factor to consider with ITI therapy is cost; preliminary data from an updated decision analytic model have provided early evidence that ITI has an economic advantage compared with on-demand or prophylactic therapy.
    Haemophilia 09/2014; 20(s6). · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pathogenesis of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in premature infants is multifactorial. Little is known about the impact of genetic variants in the vitamin K-dependent coagulation system on the development of IVH.
    BMC Pediatrics 09/2014; 14(1):219. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in NLRP7 (NOD-Like-Receptor family, pyrin domain containing 7) are responsible for a type of recurrent pregnancy loss known as recurrent hydatidiform mole (HYDM1). This condition is characterized by abnormal growth of the placenta, a lack of proper embryonic development and abnormal methylation patterns at multiple imprinted loci in diploid biparental molar tissues. The role of NLRP7 protein in the disease manifestation is currently not clear. In order to better understand how the effects of HYDM1 are associated with mutations on the structure of NLRP7, we performed an inter-domain interaction screen using a yeast two-hybrid system. Additionally, we generated in-silico structural models of NLRP7 in its non-activated and activated forms. Our observations from the yeast two-hybrid screen and modeling suggest that the NACHT associated domain (NAD) of the NLRP7 protein is central to its oligomeric assembly. Upon activation, the NAD and a small part of the leucine rich repeat (LRR) of one molecule emerged out of the protective LRR domain and interact with the NACHT domain of the second molecule to form an oligomer. Furthermore, we investigated the molecular basis for the pathophysiological effect of four missense mutations, three HYDM1-causing and one rare non-synonymous variant, on the protein using confocal microscopy of transiently transfected NLRP7 in HEK293T cells and in-silico structural analysis. We found that with the two clinically severe missense mutations, L398R and R693 W, the normal molecule to molecule interaction was apparently affected thus decreasing their oligomerization potential while aggresome formation was increased; these changes could disturb the normal downstream functions of NLRP7 and therefore be a possible molecular effect underlying their pathophysiological impact.
    Molecular Human Reproduction 07/2014; · 4.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Venous stasis is a well-known risk factor for the development of venous thromboembolism. It is likely that stasis increases the risk of thrombosis by inducing hypercoagulability via the hypoxic procoagulant activation of endothelial and mononuclear cells and the accumulation of activated clotting factors. However, increased rates of thrombin formation have not been demonstrated in response to venous stasis in vivo. Methods: In this study, we used the venous occlusion (VO) test to determine, if stasis triggers thrombin formation in healthy individuals (n=25) and patients with additional thrombotic risk factors, such as inherited thrombophilia (n=19) and symptomatic atherosclerosis (n=15). Thrombin formation was monitored by measuring plasma levels of free thrombin using a highly sensitive oligonucleotide enzyme capture assay (OECA) in addition to the plasma levels of prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2) and thrombin-antithrombin-complexes (TAT). The plasma levels of activated protein C (APC) were additionally measured using an APC-OECA. Results: VO induced a significant (p<0.05) increase in the levels of tissue-type plasminogen activator and plasmin-α2-antiplasmin-complexes. In all three cohorts, the majority of samples obtained during VO showed no quantifiable thrombin or APC levels. Consistent with these findings F1+2 and TAT did not change. Conclusions: We conclude that short-term venous stasis induces a profibrinolytic response due to the activation of endothelial cells, but not a prothrombotic response, even in the presence of additional thrombophilic risk factors. Furthermore, our results support the hypothesis that the stasis-induced profibrinolytic activation of endothelial cells occurs independently from thrombin formation.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Stormorken syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a phenotype that includes miosis, thrombocytopenia/thrombocytopathy with bleeding time diathesis, intellectual disability, mild hypocalcaemia, muscle fatigue, asplenia and ichthyosis. Using targeted sequencing and whole exome sequencing, we identified the c.910C>T transition in a STIM1 allele (p.R304W) only in patients and not in their unaffected family members. STIM1 encodes Stromal interaction molecule 1 protein (STIM1) which is a finely tuned endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ sensor. The effect of the mutation on the structure of STIM1 was investigated by molecular modeling, and its effect on function was explored by calcium imaging experiments. Results obtained from calcium imaging experiments using transfected cells together with fibroblasts from one patient are in agreement with impairment of calcium homeostasis. We show that the STIM1 p.R304W variant may affect the conformation of the inhibitory helix and unlock the inhibitory state of STIM1. The p.R304W mutation causes a gain of function effect associated with increase of both resting Ca2+ levels and store operated calcium entry. Our study provides evidence that Stormorken syndrome may result from a single-gene defect which is consistent with Mendelian dominant inheritance.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Human Mutation 07/2014; · 5.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) is an enzyme localized to the endoplasmatic reticulum (ER) membrane. VKORC1 catalyzes the reduction of vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to vitamin K and to vitamin K-hydroquinone, the later required by the enzyme γ-carboxylase for γ-carboxylation of all vitamin K-dependent proteins (VKD proteins). Until now, only one human VKORC1 mutation - p.Arg98Trp - is known to cause combined deficiency of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors type 2 (VKCFD2), a disease phenotype reported in three unrelated families. VKCFD2 patients suffer from spontaneous bleeding episodes due to decreased levels of γ-carboxylated VKD clotting factors. Daily supraphysiological vitamin K supplementation restores clotting for VKCFD2 patients and results in high serum levels of vitamin K 2,3-epoxide, suggesting that supplemented vitamin K is reduced in vivo. Although the p.Arg98Trp mutation results in reduced vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase (VKOR) activity, the molecular mechanism underlying this pathophysiology is unknown. Using a combination of in silico analysis and confocal microscopy, we demonstrate for the first time that VKORC1:p.Arg98Trp disrupts a di-Arginine ER retention motif resulting in 20% ER co-localization only. As a consequence, VKORC1 exits the ER membrane by cellular quality control systems and results in the observed VKCFD2 phenotype.
    Blood 06/2014; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mild FXIII deficiency is an under-diagnosed disorder because the carriers of this deficiency are often asymptomatic and reveal a phenotype only under special circumstances like surgery or induced trauma. Mutational reports from this type of deficiency have been rare. In this study, we present the phenotypic and genotypic data of nine patients showing mild FXIII-A deficiency caused by eight novel heterozygous missense mutations (Pro166Leu, Arg171Gln, His342Tyr, Gln415Arg, Leu529Pro, Gln601Lys, Arg703Gln and Arg715Gly) in the F13A1 gene. None of these variants were seen in 200 healthy controls. In silico structural analysis of the local wild-type protein structures (activated and non-activated) from X-ray crystallographic models downloaded from the protein databank identified potential structural/functional effects for the identified mutations. The missense mutations in the core domain are suggested to be directly influencing the catalytic triad. Mutations on other domains might influence other critical factors such as activation peptide cleavage or the barrel domain integrity. In vitro expression and subsequent biochemical studies in the future will be able to confirm the pathophysiological mechanisms proposed for the mutations in this article.
    Annals of Hematology 06/2014; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A Post-Authorization Safety Study (PASS) global program was designed to assess safety and effectiveness of rAHF-PFM (ADVATE) use in haemophilia patients in routine clinical settings. The main aim of this project was to estimate the rate of inhibitors and other adverse events across ADVATE-PASS studies by meta-analysing individual patient data (IPD). Eligible Studies: PASS studies conducted in different countries, between 2003 and 2013, for which IPD were provided. Eligible patients: haemophilia A patients with baseline FVIII:C < 5%, with a known number of prior exposure days (EDs). Primary outcome: de novo inhibitors in severe, previously treated patients (PTPs) with > 150 EDs. Secondary outcomes: de novo inhibitors according to prior exposure and disease severity; other adverse events; annualized bleeding rate (ABR). Analysis: random-effects logistic regression. Five of seven registered ADVATE-PASS (Australia, Europe, Japan, Italy and USA) and 1188 patients were included (median follow-up 384 days). Among severe PTPs with > 150 EDs, 1/669 developed de novo inhibitors (1.5 per 1000; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.2, 10.6 per 1000). Among all patients included in the PASS studies, 21 developed any type of inhibitors (2.0%, 95% CI: 0.8%, 4.7%). Less than 1% of patients presented with other serious adverse events possibly related to ADVATE. The overall median ABR was 3.83 bleeds/year (first, third quartiles: 0.60, 12.90); 1.66 (0, 4.78) in the 557 patients continuously on prophylaxis ≥ twice/week. Meta-analysing PASS data from different countries confirmed the overall favourable safety and effectiveness profile of ADVATE in routine clinical settings.
    Haemophilia 06/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of molecular genetic analysis in families with haemophilia is to identify the causative mutation in an affected male as this provides valuable information for the patient and his relatives. For the patient, mutation identification may highlight inhibitor development risk or discrepancy between different factor VIII assays. For female relatives, knowledge of the familial mutation can facilitate carrier status determination and prenatal diagnosis. Recent advances in understanding mutations responsible for haemophilia and methods for their detection are presented. For reporting of such mutations, participation in external quality assessment ensures that essential patient and mutation details are routinely included and that pertinent information is incorporated in the interpretation.
    Haemophilia 05/2014; 20(s4). · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arthropathy as a result of repeated joint bleeding is a severe complication in patients with haemophilia. In the evaluation of synovial tissue specimens, histology alone is non-specific and there is considerable morphological overlap with other joint diseases. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens are available in pathological institutes and can be studied to understand the pathogenesis of haemophilic arthropathy. A powerful technique to identify hundreds of proteins in a tissue section combining proteomics with morphology is imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). We determined whether matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) IMS can be used to identify and map protein signatures in the synovial tissue of patients with haemophilic arthropathy. MALDI IMS was applied to synovial tissue of six patients with haemophilic arthropathy. We detected several peaks predictive in mass with ferritin light (m/z 1608) and heavy chain (m/z 1345), alpha- (m/z 1071) and beta (m/z 1274) haemoglobin subunits, truncated coagulation factor VIII peptide (m/z 1502, 1176), beta- and gamma fibrinogen peptides (m/z 980, 1032, 1117 and 1683), and annexin A2 (m/z 1111, 1268, 1460, 2164). In addition, the distribution of these proteins in synovial tissue sections was demonstrated. MALDI IMS identified and mapped specific proteins in the synovial membrane of patients with haemophilic arthropathy known to be involved in the pathogenesis of other joint diseases. This technique is a powerful tool to analyse the distribution of proteins in synovial tissue sections.
    Haemophilia 05/2014; 20(3):446-53. · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • A. C. Goodeve, A. Pavlova, J. Oldenburg
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular genetic tools are widely applied in inherited bleeding disorders. New genes involved in haemorrhagic disorders have been identified by genome wide linkage analysis on families with a specific phenotype. LMNA1 or MCFD in combined FV/FVIII-deficiency and VKORC1 in vitamin K coagulation factor deficiency type 2 are two examples. Identification of the causative gene mutation has become standard for most bleeding disorders. Knowledge of the causative mutation allows genetic counselling in affected families and most importantly adds to the pathophysiological understanding of phenotypes. Haemophilia A represents a model as the F8 gene mutation predicts the risk of developing an inhibitor and more recently also the bleeding phenotype. In this review novel genetic diagnostic strategies for bleeding disorders are outlined and inhibitor formation is presented as an example for clinical relevant phenotype/genotype correlation studies.
    Haemophilia 05/2014; 20(s4). · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • J. Oldenburg, T. Albert
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, new clotting factor concentrates are becoming available or are in advanced clinical studies that will significantly improve the treatment of patients with Haemophilia A or Haemophilia B. Various technologies are applied to extend half-life and/or allow for alternative routes of administration, e.g. subcutaneous route. Today, the advances for recombinant factor IX are significantly with half-life extensions to up to 100 h, allowing substitution intervals of 1–2 weeks. For recombinant factor VIII (FVIII) products the effect so far is only moderate, as the half-life extension is limited to about 15–18 h by the clearance of FVIII through its binding to von Willebrand factor. However, novel products applying new technologies with significantly extended half-life are already at the horizont, as a bispecific antibody that mimics FVIII. The pharmacokinetic improvements of the new products will lead to a revision of our current treatment regimens, with regard to intended trough levels, number of tolerated bleeds and likely will drive a greater individualization of regimens. Clearly, the potential of anti drug antibody response for these modified proteins must not be higher than with our current products. Another challenge are the increasingly diverse biochemical characteristics of the new products, that have to be considered when determining potencies and also when monitoring treatment in patients with the various available assays. Despite these challenges, the new products will significantly improve treatment and quality of life for our patients with haemophilia.
    Haemophilia 05/2014; 20(s4). · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic surgery (LS) is gaining popularity worldwide because of benefits like faster recovery, earlier hospital discharge, and better cosmetic results. In hemophiliacs, surgery in general harbors an increased risk for severe complications. Whether LS or conventional surgery (CS) should be recommended in these patients is controversial and therefore the issue of our present study. We performed a retrospective matched-pair analysis including laparoscopically operated non-hemophiliacs (LONH), laparoscopically operated hemophiliacs (LOH), and conventionally operated hemophiliacs (COH) concerning duration of surgery, drainages, hospital stay, complications, factor use (VIII, IX, and X), and blood values. Mann-Whitney U test was used (significance level P = 0.05). No significant differences were found in duration of surgery and drains in laparoscopically or conventionally operated hemophiliacs versus matched pairs. Complication rate did not differ among the different groups. Concerning the total duration of hospital stay (t-DHOS) and the postoperative duration of hospital stay (p-DHOS), there was no statistical difference between LOH versus matched LONH. However, in COH versus matched LOH, a longer time was required for preparation and recovery (t-DHOS, P = 0.04; p-DHOS, P < 0.001). Also, the median factor supply perioperatively including the day of surgery did not differ between laparoscopically versus conventionally operated hemophiliacs. Our study underscores the safety and benefits of laparoscopic procedures in hemophiliacs by showing a significantly shorter hospital stay for these patients resulting in reduced therapeutic costs and a faster mobilization. Still, the surgical and perioperative management of hemophiliacs continues to be a challenge requiring an experienced interdisciplinary team.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 04/2014; · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and study design: Prenatal growth restriction and low birth weight have been linked to long-term alterations of health, presumably via adaptive modifications of the epigenome. Recent studies indicate a plasticity of the 11p15 epigenotype in response to environmental changes during early stages of human development. We analyzed methylation levels at different 11p15 loci in 20 growth-discordant monozygotic twin pairs. Intrauterine development was discordant due to severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), which was treated by fetoscopic laser coagulation of communicating vessels before 25 weeks of gestation. Methylation levels at age 4 were determined in blood and buccal cell-derived DNA by the single nucleotide primer extension reaction ion pair reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (SNuPE IP RP HPLC) assay. Methylation at LINE-1 repeats was analyzed as an estimate of global methylation.In general, variance of locus-specific methylation levels appeared to be higher in buccal cell- as compared to blood cell-derived DNA samples. Paired analyses within the twin pairs revealed significant differences at only one CpG site (IGF2 dmr0 SN3 (blood), +1.9% in donors; P = 0.013). When plotting the twin pair-discordance in birth weight against the degree of discordance in site-specific methylation at age 4, only a few CpGs were found to interact (one CpG site each at IGF2dmr0 in blood/saliva DNA, one CpG at LINE-1 repeats in saliva DNA), with 26 to 36% of the intra-twin pair divergence at these sites explained by prenatal growth discordance. However, across the entire cohort of 40 children, site-specific methylation did not correlate with SD-scores for weight or length at birth. Insulin-like growth factor-II serum concentrations showed significant within-twin pair correlations at birth (R = 0.57) and at age 4 (R = 0.79), but did not differ between donors and recipients. They also did not correlate with the analyzed 11p15 methylation parameters. In a cohort of 20 growth-discordant monozygotic twin pairs, severe alteration in placental blood supply due to TTTS appears to leave only weak, if any, epigenetic marks at the analyzed CpG sites at 11p15.
    Clinical epigenetics. 03/2014; 6(1):6.
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    ABSTRACT: Despite reliable results of ankle fusion for advanced haemophilic arthropathy, total ankle replacement (TAR) may be functionally advantageous. There is only very limited literature data available on TAR in patients with haemophilia. The objective of this study is to evaluate the short- and mid-term results after TAR in patients with end-stage haemophilic ankle arthropathy and concomitant virus infections. In a retrospective study, results after eleven TAR in 10 patients with severe (n = 8) and moderate (n = 2) haemophilia (mean age: 49 ± 7 years, range, 37-59) were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 3.0 years (range, 1.2-5.4). Nine patients were positive for hepatitis C, five were HIV-positive. Range of motion (ROM), AOFAS-hindfoot-score, pain status (visual analogue scale, VAS) as well as patient satisfaction were evaluated. In two cases deep prosthesis infection occurred leading to the removal of the implant. In the remaining eight patients the mean AOFAS score improved significantly from 21.5 to 68.0 points (P < 0.0005), the VAS score decreased significantly from 7.6 to 1.9 points (P < 0.0005). ROM increased from 23.2 to 25.0 degrees (P = 0.51). At final follow-up all patients without any complications were satisfied with the postoperative results. Radiographic examination did not reveal any signs of prosthetic loosening. TAR is a viable surgical treatment option in patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis due to haemophilia. It provides significant pain relieve and high patient satisfaction. However, due to the increased risk of infection and lack of long-term results, TAR particularly in patients with severe haemophilia and virus infections should be indicated carefully.
    Haemophilia 03/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: About 10% of mutations in haemophilia A cases generate a premature termination codon in the factor VIII gene (F8). Upon therapeutic FVIII substitution, it was noted that the risk of developing inhibitors is higher when the nonsense mutation is located in the light chain (LC) of the factor VIII (FVIII) protein than in the heavy chain (HC). We analysed the impact of six different nonsense mutations distributed over the six FVIII domains on recombinant FVIII expression to elucidate the process of inhibitor formation in haemophilic patients. Full-length F8 mRNA was transcribed from all constructs despite the presence of nonsense mutations. Polyclonal antigen assays revealed high antigen levels in transfection experiments with constructs truncated in LC whereas low antigen was detected from constructs truncated in HC. Those results were supported by FVIII localization experiments. These findings suggest that F8 transcription occurs in a usual way despite nonsense mutations, whereas translation appears to be interrupted by the premature stop codon. We hypothesize that the inclusion of the B domain enables proteins truncated in LC to accumulate in the ER. Proteins truncated in HC are mainly degraded or may pass through the ER and be secreted into the blood circulation, thus presumably preventing inhibitor formation after therapeutic FVIII substitution. The LC is known to have higher immunogenicity than the HC. Moreover, translation of the F8B gene comprising F8 exons 23–26 may be dependent on the position of the premature stop codon and thus contributes to the immune response of truncated FVIII proteins.
    Haemophilia 03/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The plasma circulating zymogenic coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) is a protransglutaminase, which upon activation by thrombin and calcium cross-links preformed fibrin clots/fibrinolytic inhibitors making them mechanically stable and less susceptible to fibrinolysis. The zymogenic plasma FXIII molecule is a heterotetramer composed of two catalytic FXIII-A and two protective FXIII-B subunits. Factor XIII deficiency resulting from inherited or acquired causes can result in pathological bleeding episodes. A diverse spectrum of mutations have been reported in the F13A1 and F13B genes which cause inherited severe FXIII deficiency. The inherited severe FXIII deficiency, which is a rare coagulation disorder with a prevalence of 1 in 4 million has been the prime focus of clinical and genetic investigations owing to the severity of the bleeding phenotype associated with it. Recently however, with a growing understanding into the pleiotropic roles of FXIII, the fairly frequent milder form of FXIII deficiency caused by heterozygous mutations has become one of the subjects of investigative research. The acquired form of FXIII deficiency is usually caused by generation of autoantibodies or hyperconsumption in other disease states such as disseminated intravascular coagulation. Here, we update the knowledge about the pathophysiology of factor XIII deficiency and its therapeutic options.
    Hamostaseologie 02/2014; 34(2). · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common cause of maternal mortality. Acquired hemophilia (AH) is a rare, life-threatening bleeding disorder induced by autoantibodies against coagulation factors (inhibitors). We report about eight patients with postpartum AH (out of 82). Seven AH patients with severe bleeding complications were treated by the "Modified Bonn-Malmö Protocol (MBMP)" which consists of inhibitor elimination via immunoadsorption (IA) in combination with immunosuppression and high-dose Factor VIII substitution. One patient was treated only by immunosuppression. Seven out of eight patients with severe AH and mean inhibitor titers (IT) of 118 BU/mL were referred to our center. They were severe cases with a median delay of diagnosis of 30.5 days (range 7-278 days). After a median of 3 IA sessions (range 3-5 days), no inhibitor was detectable. The factor substitution was discontinued after a median of 13 IA sessions (range 8-24 days) and IA was terminated after a median of 15 sessions (range 9-27 days). One less severe affected patient (IT: 2.1 BU/mL) received prednisolone (1.5 mg/kg BW) for 120 days. Complete remission was achieved in all patients with a median follow-up of 100 months (range 56-126 m). The delayed diagnosis of pregnancy-associated AH leads to a high bleeding risk with bleeding associated complications. Immunoadsorption offers an important treatment option in severe AH, enabling a fast reconstitution of the blood coagulation with a reduced time for the Factor VIII substitution and for immunosuppressive treatment. In cases of postpartum bleeding the diagnosis of AH should be routinely considered.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 02/2014; 18(1):103-10. · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: About one-third of patients with non-severe haemophilia A (HA) show a discrepancy of factor (F)VIII activity (FVIII:C) measured by one-stage (FVIII:C1st), two-stage assays or the chromogenic method (FVIII:Cchr). The aim of the study was to characterise the mutation profile in patients with FVIII:C assay discrepancies. FVIII:C discrepancy was considered significant if the calculated ratio between FVIII:C1st and FVIII:Cchr or was ≤ 0.6. The reversephenomenon was found in 34.8% of patients. In 16 patients FVIII:C1st was higher than FVIII:Cchr. The reversephenomenon was observed in 83 patients. Genetic analysis revealed 23 different missense mutations of which 17 were novel. Most mutations, exhibiting a higher FVIII:C1st were localised in the A1-A2-A3 interface. The majority of mutations associated with FVIII:Cchr>FVIII:C1st discrepancy were located close to or within the thrombin cleavage sites, FIX or vWF binding sites. Our data show a correlation between FVIII:C and thrombin generation testing with a clear differentiation between patients with haemophilia and normal controls. However, in the subgroup of FVIII:C1st>FVIII:Cchr discrepancy, the endogenous thrombin potential and peak thrombin parameters were similar to non-discrepant haemophilia patients, while in the inverse discrepancy FVIII:Cchr>FVIII:C1st, these variables showed values close to that of the normal control group. Certain hereditary F8 missense mutations cause discrepancy in FVIII:C as measured with different assays. This can lead to failure in diagnosing HA or incorrectly classifying the severity of the disease. Therefore, we recommend that initial diagnosis of non-severe HA phenotypes should be based on results of both FVIII:C1st and FVIII:Cchr assays.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 01/2014; 111(5). · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most studies on immune tolerance induction (ITI) therapy in haemophilia A patients are focused on primary ITI in children. Here we report on the ITI outcome in a large retrospective cohort, including adults and patients with rescue ITI, treated with a pdFVIII/VWF concentrate. Retrospective data from haemophilic patients (FVIII< 2%) with inhibitors from 22 centres in Spain, Italy and Germany, who underwent primary or rescue ITI with pdFVIII/VWF concentrate, were collected. Complete success (CS), partial success (PS) and failure were defined based on the criteria of the consensus recommendations of the 2006 International ITI Workshop. A total of 41 cases of primary ITI (32 children and 9 adults) and 19 cases of rescue ITI (17 children and 2 adults) were evaluated. Success (CS+PS) rate of 87% was achieved in primary ITI and 74% in the higher risk profile of rescue ITI. Eight of nine (85%) patients with poorest prognosis (three or more of the known risk factors of poor response to ITI) achieved success (CS+PS). CS of 100% was observed in eight primary ITI patients with titre at start of ITI ≤2.5 BU and inhibitor peak ≤25 BU. The favourable response rates in primary and rescue ITI in children and in adult patients, even in the presence of poor prognostic factors, should be encouraged for broadening the indication of immune tolerance therapy in haemophilia A patients with inhibitors.
    Haemophilia 01/2014; 20(1):83-91. · 3.17 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

5k Citations
1,489.55 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2014
    • University of Bonn - Medical Center
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    • University of Lodz
      Łódź, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland
  • 1988–2014
    • University of Bonn
      • • Institute of Experimental Haematology and Transfusion Medicine (IHT)
      • • Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2013
    • Max Planck Institute of Biophysics
      • Department of Structural Biology
      Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
  • 1997–2013
    • University of Wuerzburg
      • • Institute for Human Genetics
      • • Lehrstuhl für Biochemie und Molekularbiologie
      Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2012
    • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
      Caunas, Kauno Apskritis, Lithuania
    • Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 1998–2012
    • Instytut Hematologii i Transfuzjologii
      Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 2008–2011
    • Hospital Universitario La Paz
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    • University Medical Center Utrecht
      Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
    • Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
    • Hannover Medical School
      • Clinic for Haematology, Haemostaseology and Oncology
      Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2005–2011
    • Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
      • Zentrum der Inneren Medizin
      Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
  • 2010
    • University of Costa Rica
      San José, San José, Costa Rica
    • University Hospital Frankfurt
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
  • 2009–2010
    • Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
      • Center for Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine
      Freiburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
    • Ministry of Health (Israel)
      Yerushalayim, Jerusalem District, Israel
    • Center of Advanced European Studies and Research
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2001–2009
    • University of Hamburg
      • Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • 2006
    • Universitätsklinikum Jena
      Jena, Thuringia, Germany
    • McGill University Health Centre
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • 2004
    • University of Leuven
      • Center for Molecular and Vascular Biology
      Louvain, Flanders, Belgium
  • 1994
    • Sigmund-Freud-Institut
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
  • 1991–1993
    • Institut National de la Transfusion Sanguine, Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France