Marie-Pierre Chenard

French Institute of Health and Medical Research, Paris, Ile-de-France, France

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Publications (55)213.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Portal triad clamping (PTC) has been widely adopted in an attempt to decrease bleeding during liver parenchymal transection. As a larger proportion of patients are treated with chemotherapy prior to liver resection, the safety of PTC in patients with chemotherapy-associated liver injury remains poorly investigated. This study aims to evaluate the influence of PTC on early postoperative outcomes in patients with chemotherapy-associated liver injury undergoing major hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CLM). From January 2000 to October 2010, 53 patients with histologically proven chemotherapy-associated liver injuries [sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS; n = 41), steatohepatitis (n = 5), and both SOS and steatohepatitis (n = 7)] who underwent major hepatectomy for CLM were divided into two groups; patients undergoing intermittent TPC (n = 20) and those who did not undergo TPC (n = 33). Perioperative clinicobiological factors, morbidity including septic complications, and mortality were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Intraoperative blood transfusions and postoperative liver function were comparable between the two groups. Sepsis and biloma occurred more often in patients undergoing PTC longer than 30 min than in those undergoing PTC ≤ 30 min (66.7 % versus 17.1 %, p = 0.002, and 33.3 versus 0 %, p = 0.002, respectively). A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that prolonged PTC (>30 min) and the ratio of future liver remnant volume to total liver volume ≤ 43 % were independent factors for predicting postoperative sepsis [odds ratio (OR): 32.68; 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI): 2.86-372.82; p = 0.005--and odds ratio: 9.70; 95 % CI: 1.04-90.86; p = 0.047, respectively]. Portal triad clamping can be safely used in patients with chemotherapy-associated liver injury who require major liver resection. Prolonged PTC can increase the occurrence of postoperative biliary and septic complications.
    World Journal of Surgery 03/2012; 36(8):1848-57. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aluminium hydroxide is used as an effective adjuvant in a wide range of vaccines for enhancing immune response to the antigen. The pathogenic role of aluminium hydroxide is now recognized by the presence of chronic fatigue syndrome, macrophagic myofasciitis and subcutaneous pseudolymphoma, linked to intramuscular injection of aluminium hydroxide-containing vaccines. The aim of this study is to verify if the subcutaneous pseudolymphoma observed in this patient in the site of vaccine injection is linked to an aluminium overload. Many years after vaccination, a subcutaneous nodule was discovered in a 45-year-old woman with subcutaneous pseudolymphoma. In skin biopsy at the injection site for vaccines, aluminium (Al) deposits are assessed by Morin stain and quantification of Al is performed by Zeeman Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. Morin stain shows Al deposits in the macrophages, and Al assays (in μg/g, dry weight) were 768.10±18 for the patient compared with the two control patients, 5.61±0.59 and 9.13±0.057. Given the pathology of this patient and the high Al concentration in skin biopsy, the authors wish to draw attention when using the Al salts known to be particularly effective as adjuvants in single or repeated vaccinations. The possible release of Al may induce other pathologies ascribed to the well-known toxicity of this metal.
    Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 03/2012; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Indocyanine green (ICG) retention is a validated test of hepatic function in patients with chronic liver disease. The underlying mechanism for the impairment of ICG retention in patients undergoing chemotherapy for colorectal liver metastases (CLM) remains unclear. We sought to elucidate the mechanism for impairment of ICG retention in patients with CLM. Clinicopathologic data of 98 patients with CLM undergoing hepatectomy were analyzed. The archived nontumoral liver parenchyma bearing no CLM were immunostained with CD34 antibody to determine the sinusoidal capillarization. Of 98 patients, 80 received preoperative chemotherapy. Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) occurred in 39 patients (39.8%). The development of SOS in patients receiving oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy was significantly higher compared to those receiving non-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy (P=0.003). SOS was independently associated with abnormal ICG retention rate at 15 minutes (ICG-R15) (odds ratio 3.45, 95% confidence interval 1.31-9.04, P=0.012) and CD 34 overexpression (odds ratio 18.76, 95% confidence interval 4.58-76.81, P<0.001). ICG-R15 correlated with CD34 expression within the nontumoral liver parenchyma (r=0.707, P<0.001) and severity of SOS (r=0.423, P<0.001). CD34 positive areas were likely situated at the peripheral area of SOS, and both SOS score and number of cycles of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy significantly correlated with CD34 expression (r=0.629, P<0.001 and r=0.522, P<0.001, respectively). These results suggest that the deterioration of hepatic functional reserve due to SOS is associated with sinusoidal capillarization, indicated by CD34 overexpression within nontumoral liver parenchyma adjacent to SOS.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2012; 19(7):2230-7. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A multidisciplinary approach involving preoperative chemotherapy has become common practice in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). The definition of a safe future liver remnant (FLR) volume based on preoperative clinical data in these patients is lacking. Our aim was to identify predictors of postoperative morbidities in patients undergoing major hepatectomy after intensive preoperative chemotherapy for CLM. Between January 2000 and August 2010, a total of 101 consecutive patients with CLM underwent major hepatectomy after preoperative chemotherapy (≥6 cycles of oxaliplatin or irinotecan regimen with or without targeted therapies). The FLR ratio was calculated by two formulas: actual FLR (aFLR) ratio, and standardized FLR (sFLR) ratio. Predictors of postoperative overall morbidity, sepsis, and liver failure were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Fifty-eight patients (57.4%) had 95 postoperative complications. Sepsis and postoperative liver failure occurred in 23 (22.8%) and 16 patients (15.8%), respectively. On univariate analysis, small aFLR ratio was significantly associated with all complications, and sFLR ratio was associated with sepsis and liver failure. In receiver-operating characteristic analysis, the cutoff of aFLR ratio in predicting overall morbidity, sepsis, and liver failure was 44.8, 43.1, and 37.7%, respectively, and that of sFLR ratio in predicting sepsis and liver failure was 43.6 and 48.5%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, these aFLR and sFLR ratio cutoffs were independent predictors of all complications and of sepsis and liver failure, respectively. This study provides a cutoff FLR ratio for safe postoperative outcome after major hepatectomy in CLM patients receiving six or more cycles of preoperative chemotherapy.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2012; 19(8):2526-38. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative breast cancer diagnosis on core biopsies has become a standard of care in many countries. Controversies exist concerning the accuracy of HER2 testing on biopsies as compared with surgical specimens, and few data exist concerning the use of emerging technologies such as bright-field in-situ hybridization in such a setting. A French multicenter, cross-sectional, histopathological study assessed the concordance of HER2 status determined by immunohistochemistry and silver (SISH) or chromogenic in-situ hybridization (CISH) on core-needle biopsies with HER2 status determined by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) on surgical specimens. The concordance between biopsy and operative results was also assessed for each method. We studied 260 breast tumors from 24 centers between April 2003 and August 2009. Excellent concordance (κ: 0.92-0.97) was shown between immunohistochemistry and FISH with low discordance rates (2-4%), high specificity (97-98%) and sensitivity values (95-99%), with no significant difference according to the immunohistochemistry interpretation guidelines used. The correlation between SISH and CISH on biopsies and FISH on surgical samples was strong (κ: 0.96 and 0.94, respectively), with no significant difference between false negative rates or sensitivity and specificity values (2 and 5%, 99 and 96%, 98 and 98%, respectively). Whatever the evaluation technique, excellent concordance between biopsies and surgical specimens was observed (κ ≥ 0.97; discordance rates between 1 and 2%), with high sensitivity (98-99%) and specificity (98-100%). Based on these results, when FISH cannot be used, SISH and/or CISH could be proposed as an alternative method to determine HER2 status and to confirm any ambiguous immunohistochemistry results, either for preoperative percutaneous biopsies or for surgical specimens. They could also be used for quality controls and immunohistochemistry calibration.
    Modern Pathology 01/2012; 25(5):675-82. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor-Associated Factors (TRAFs) are major signal transducers for the TNF and interleukin-1/Toll-like receptor superfamilies. However, TRAF4 does not fit the paradigm of TRAF function in immune and inflammatory responses. Its physiological and molecular functions remain poorly understood. Behavorial analyses show that TRAF4-deficient mice (TRAF4-KO) exhibit altered locomotion coordination typical of ataxia. TRAF4-KO central nervous system (CNS) ultrastructure shows strong myelin perturbation including disorganized layers and disturbances in paranode organization. TRAF4 was previously reported to be expressed by CNS neurons. Using primary cell culture, we now show that TRAF4 is also expressed by oligodendrocytes, at all stages of their differentiation. Moreover, histology and electron microscopy show degeneration of a high number of Purkinje cells in TRAF4-KO mice, that was confirmed by increased expression of the Bax pro-apoptotic marker (immunofluorescence), TUNEL analysis, and caspase-3 activation and PARP1 cleavage (western blotting). Consistent with this phenotype, MAG and NogoA, two myelin-induced neurite outgrowth inhibitors, and their neuron partners, NgR and p75NTR were overexpressed (Q-RT-PCR and western blotting). The strong increased phosphorylation of Rock2, a RhoA downstream target, indicated that the NgR/p75NTR/RhoA signaling pathway, known to induce actin cytoskeleton rearrangement that favors axon regeneration inhibition and neuron apoptosis, is activated in the absence of TRAF4 (western blotting). Altogether, these results provide conclusive evidence for the pivotal contribution of TRAF4 to myelination and to cerebellar homeostasis, and link the loss of TRAF4 function to demyelinating or neurodegenerative diseases.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(2):e30917. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The adverse oncological effect of portal vein embolization (PVE) in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) remains controversial. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of PVE on change of tumor characteristics using tumor specimens obtained from sequential hepatectomy before and after PVE. Between December 1996 and April 2009, among 55 patients who achieved two-stage hepatectomy (TSH) combined with PVE, 39 had available cancer tissue blocks from both the first- and second-stage hepatectomy and constituted the study population. The immunohistochemistry of Ki67 and Bcl-2 before and after PVE was performed. Biomarker expressions and clinicopathological variables were assessed and their impact on recurrence was analyzed. Whereas tumor volume and carcinoembryonic serum level significantly increased after PVE, the expression of Ki67 and Bcl-2 remained similar before and after PVE. The Bcl-2 ratio (expressed as Bcl-2 after PVE over Bcl-2 before PVE) was an independent prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival (P=0.030). Patients with Bcl-2 ratio ≤ 1 had a significantly longer median recurrence-free survival compared with those with Bcl-2 ratio >1 receiving or not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (24.8 months versus 8.9 or 5.8 months, respectively). Bcl-2 ratio may predict early recurrence and identify patients who do not require postoperative chemotherapy in patients undergoing TSH with PVE for CLM.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 11/2011; 16(3):554-61. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinicians can use biomarkers to guide therapeutic decisions in estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. One such biomarker is cellular proliferation as evaluated by Ki-67. This biomarker has been extensively studied and is easily assayed by histopathologists but it is not currently accepted as a standard. This review focuses on its prognostic and predictive value, and on methodological considerations for its measurement and the cut-points used for treatment decision. Data describing study design, patients' characteristics, methods used and results were extracted from papers published between January 1990 and July 2010. In addition, the studies were assessed using the REMARK tool. Ki-67 is an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival (HR 1.05-1.72) in multivariate analyses studies using samples from randomized clinical trials with secondary central analysis of the biomarker. The level of evidence (LOE) was judged to be I-B with the recently revised definition of Simon. However, standardization of the techniques and scoring methods are needed for the integration of this biomarker in everyday practice. Ki-67 was not found to be predictive for long-term follow-up after chemotherapy. Nevertheless, high KI-67 was found to be associated with immediate pathological complete response in the neoadjuvant setting, with an LOE of II-B. The REMARK score improved over time (with a range of 6-13/20 vs. 10-18/20, before and after 2005, respectively). KI-67 could be considered as a prognostic biomarker for therapeutic decision. It is assessed with a simple assay that could be standardized. However, international guidelines are needed for routine clinical use.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 11/2011; 132(3):895-915. · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • Annales de Pathologie 11/2011; 31(5 Suppl):S92-4. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While the participation of adipocytes is well known in tissue architecture, energy supply and endocrine processes, their implication during natural cancer history is just beginning to unfold. An extensive review of the literature concerning the impact of resident adipocytes on breast cancer development/progression was performed. This review provides in vitro and in vivo evidence that adipocytes located close to invasive cancer cells, referred to as cancer-associated adipocytes (CAAs), are essential for breast tumor development/progression. Their deleterious function is dependent, at least partly, on their crosstalk with invasive cancer cells. Indeed, this event leads to dramatic phenotypic and/or functional modifications of both cell types. Adipocytes exhibit delipidation and acquire a fibroblast-like shape. In parallel, cancer cell aggressiveness is exacerbated through increased migratory and invasive properties. Moreover, obesity is currently a sign of poor prognosis in human carcinomas. In this context, a high number of "obese" resident adipocytes might be predicted to be detrimental. Accordingly, there are some similarities between the molecular alterations observed in hypertrophied adipocytes and in CAAs. How adipocytes function to favor tumorigenesis at the molecular level remains largely unknown. Nevertheless, progress has been made recently and molecular clues are starting to emerge. Deciphering the cellular and molecular mechanisms behind the adipocyte-cancer cell heterotypic crosstalk is of great interest since it might provide new targets for improving diagnosis/prognosis and for the design of innovative therapeutic strategies. They might also improve our understanding of the relationship between obesity/metabolic disorders and cancer risk and/or poor patient outcome.
    The International journal of developmental biology 09/2011; 55(7-9):851-9. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trastuzumab in combination with capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin has been approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) for the treatment of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 3+ or IHC 2+/ fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH]-positive or IHC 2+/ silver in situ hybridization [SISH]-positive) metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastro-esophageal (GE) junction. HER2 testing in gastric cancer (GC) differs from testing in breast cancer (BC) due to major differences in the tumor biology; as the disease is progressing rapidely, we recommend to test every GC at diagnosis and to offer a rapid testing (less than five days) in the metastatic setting. IHC should be the initial testing methodology and FISH or SISH should be used to retest IHC 2+ samples. As GC more frequently shows incomplete membrane staining and focal staining for HER2, HER2 testing guidelines have been adapted from BC protocols. The scoring system is slightly different in respect to the characteristics of GC. For in situ hybridization, SISH should be used in order to identify heterogeneous staining with a higher accuracy than FISH. Enrollment in training and quality assurance programs is highly recommended. In case of negativity on biopsy, it is recommended to retest for HER2, when possible, on surgical specimens and/or metastasis. This will ensure accurate and consistent HER2 testing results, which will allow the appropriate selection of patients eligible for treatment with trastuzumab.
    Annales de Pathologie 04/2011; 31(2):78-87. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exposes patients to an increased risk of colorectal cancer (i-CRC) and differences between i-CRC and sporadic colorectal cancer (s-CRC) pathogenesis were reported. In s-CRC, studies indicate abnormalities in the tumor-suppressor gene Cdx2. This study compared CDX2, β-catenin, and TP53 expression in i-CRC, s-CRC, noncancer IBD, and normal control colonic mucosa. Expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry in 10 normal, 20 s-CRC, 11 noncancer colonic IBD and 30 i-CRC samples, and in four samples of Crohn's disease (CD)-associated small bowel adenocarcinoma (i-SBA). In normal and noncancer IBD samples, CDX2 was confined to the colonocytes nuclei. CDX2 expression was normal in 90% of i-CRC, regardless of tumor differentiation or inflammation intensity. By contrast, CDX2 expression was altered in 45% s-CRC, particularly at the front of invasion in undifferentiated tumors. β-Catenin was restricted to cell membrane in all controls, in 91% noncancer IBD, and in 84% i-CRC samples, whereas 35% s-CRC showed cytoplasmic redistribution and exclusive nuclear staining at the front of invasion. TP53 was strongly and homogeneously expressed in i-CRC nuclei compared to normal control or s-CRC, and increases with inflammation intensity. Nested or diffuse TP53 was found in 81.8% of noncancer IBD samples with a higher proportion of TP53-expressing cells in the most inflamed samples. CDX2, β-catenin, and TP53 expression in CD-associated SBA appears similar to that of i-CRC. Neither Cdx2 nor β-catenin alterations are prominent features of i-CRC. In i-CRC and CD-associated SBA, carcinogenesis is associated early with p53 mutations and to inflammation intensity.
    Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 01/2011; 17(1):232-40. · 5.12 Impact Factor
  • Annales De Pathologie - ANN PATHOL. 01/2011; 31(5).
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    ABSTRACT: Several factors have been reported to affect liver regeneration after portal vein embolization (PVE); however, the effect of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) has not been evaluated. Therefore, we assessed the effect of SOS on liver regeneration after PVE in patients with multiple bilobar colorectal liver metastases scheduled to undergo two-stage hepatectomy (TSH) combined with PVE. The subjects of this study were 78 patients prospectively scheduled to undergo TSH between December 1996 and August 2009. Archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded nontumoral tissue samples were collected from the 1st- and 2nd-stage hepatectomies in 42 and 45 patients, respectively, and SOS and steatohepatitis were diagnosed pathologically. We analyzed the clinicopathological variables affecting liver regeneration after PVE. Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome was diagnosed in 11 (26.2%) and 20 patients (44.4%) at the time of the 1st- and 2nd-stage hepatectomy, respectively. Patients with SOS at the 1st-stage hepatectomy had a significantly lower hypertrophy ratio of the future remnant liver (FRL) after PVE than patients without SOS (16.8 ± 24.0 vs 55.6 ± 32.5; P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that SOS was an independent factor predicting lower FRL hypertrophy after PVE (Δ% FRL <20: hazard ratio 31.7, 95% confidence interval 2.84-355.12; P = 0.005). The incidence of postoperative transient liver failure after the 2nd-stage hepatectomy in patients presenting with SOS was higher than that in those without SOS, but the difference did not reach significance (25.0% vs 4.0%; P = 0.052). Steatohepatitis was confirmed at the 1st- and 2nd-stage hepatectomy in 6 (14.3%) and 3 (6.7%) patients, respectively. Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome inhibits FRL hypertrophy after PVE and induces postoperative liver failure. Therefore, an alternative strategy is needed to perform TSH safely in the presence of SOS.
    Surgery Today 01/2011; 41(1):7-17. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Annales de Pathologie 11/2010; 30(5 Suppl 1):97-9. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of preoperative cetuximab (cetu) on nontumorous liver parenchyma and the clinical and biological outcomes after liver resection for colorectal liver metastases (CLM). Between January 2005 and June 2009, 26 patients who received preoperative cetu were matched to a control group of 26 patients who did not receive cetu. They were matched on the basis of age, gender, body mass index, extent of hepatectomy, and type and number of cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Liver function tests, postoperative outcome, and histopathology of the resected liver were compared. There was no mortality. Postoperative morbidity and perioperative bleeding rates were similar in both groups. Serum aspartate aminotransferase and serum alanine aminotransferase were higher on postoperative day 5 in the control group (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively). In the cetu group, the postoperative peaks of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase and alkaline phosphatase were statistically higher than in the control group. Interestingly, pathological review of the nontumorous liver parenchyma revealed no significant difference between patients who received cetu and those treated without cetu with respect to prevalence of steatosis, steatohepatitis, sinusoidal obstructive syndrome, and fibrosis. The addition of cetu to the neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens does not appear to increase the morbidity rate after hepatectomy for CLM, and also in cases of major hepatectomy. The pathological examination did not show additional injury to the nontumorous liver parenchyma.
    World Journal of Surgery 11/2010; 34(11):2765-72. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trastuzumab-based therapy has been shown to confer overall survival benefit in HER2-positive patients with advanced gastric cancer in a large multicentric trial (ToGA study). Subgroup analysis identified adenocarcinomas of the stomach and gastroesophageal (GE) junction with overexpression of HER2 according to immunohistochemistry (IHC) as potential responders. Due to recent approval of trastuzumab for HER2 positive metastatic gastric and GE-junction cancer in Europe (EMEA) HER2 diagnostics is now mandatory with IHC being the primary test followed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in IHC2+ cases. However, in order to not miss patients potentially responding to targeted therapy determination of a HER2-positive status for gastric cancer required modification of scoring as had been proposed in a pre-ToGA study. To validate this new HER2 status testing procedure in terms of inter-laboratory and inter-observer consensus for IHC scoring a series of 547 gastric cancer tissue samples on a tissue microarray (TMA) was used. In the first step, 30 representative cores were used to identify specific IHC HER2 scoring issues among eight French and German laboratories, while in the second step the full set of 547 cores was used to determine IHC HER2 intensity and area score concordance between six German pathologists. Specific issues relating to discordance were identified and recommendations formulated which proved to be effective to reliably determine HER2 status in a prospective test series of 447 diagnostic gastric cancer specimens.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 09/2010; 457(3):299-307. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MMP11 expression is a poor prognosis factor in human carcinomas. Although it has been shown to favor primary tumor development, its role in metastatic processes remains unclear. We studied the hematogenous metastatic activity of C26 mouse colon cancer cells injected into the tail vain of wild-type or MMP11-deficient mice during 2 months. Using X-ray computed tomography to image metastasis development in recipient living mice, lung metastases were found to occur earlier and to grow faster in wild-type mice. Histological analyses of the lung, liver, kidney, adrenal gland, mammary gland, ovary and salivary gland, performed at the end of experiment, also showed lower numbers of metastases in wild-type mice, regardless of organ. Lung metastases showed similar Factor VIII-positive vascular networks regardless of the mouse MMP11 status. However, those found in MMP11-deficient mice also exhibited vessel-like structures that did not express Factor VIII, Lyve-1 and vimentin, and were not stained with PAS. Consequently, they did not correspond to vascular or lymphatic vessels or to vascular mimicry channels. Collectively, these results revealed significant spatio-temporal variability that is dependent on host MMP11 status. Furthermore, they point-out the paradoxical role of MMP11 in favoring the onset and growth of lung metastases but limiting lung foci number, and inhibiting the cancer cell dissemination to other organs. These data highlight the complexity of the metastatic process in which the same factor can play activator or repressor functions depending on the metastatic step.
    International Journal of Cancer 03/2010; 127(6):1347-55. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Localized granulocytic sarcoma of the uterine cervix in the absence of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) at presentation is very rare, its diagnosis is often delayed, and its prognosis almost always ominous evolving into refractory AML. Case. We present the case of a 30-year-old woman with vaginal bleeding and a large cervical mass. Further evaluation confirmed the presence of a granulocytic sarcoma but failed to reveal systemic involvement. Results. AML type chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy of the uterus led to a durable complete remission. She remains in complete remission six years after diagnosis. Conclusion. Granulocytic sarcoma of the cervix is a rare entity for which early intensive AML type therapy is effective.
    Journal of Oncology 01/2010; 2010:812424.
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    ABSTRACT: A rare case of oromandibular Rhizopus oryzae infection is described in a 55-year-old woman with acute myeloid leukaemia and decompensated diabetes mellitus. The infection developed during induction chemotherapy when the patient was neutropenic. She was treated with a combination of amphotericin B lipid formulation and caspofungin plus surgery. Debridement surgery included excision of the lower lip, chin, floor of the mouth, a portion of the tongue, as well as mandibular resection at the level of the horizontal branches. Eight weeks of combined antifungal therapy were followed by secondary prophylaxis with amphotericin B lipid formulation during consolidation chemotherapy after achieving complete response of both leukaemia and mucormycosis. Reconstructive surgery was carried out including insertion of a new biomaterial porous mandibular prosthesis, which showed excellent functionality after long-term follow-up, followed by several plastic surgery procedures once good tolerability and no adverse effects of the prosthesis were observed. This case shows that a well-coordinated multidisciplinary approach is critical to increase the chances of clinical success in this life-threatening infection.
    Acta Haematologica 01/2010; 124(2):98-102. · 0.89 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

799 Citations
213.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2012
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      • Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC) U964
      Paris, Ile-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2010
    • CHRU de Strasbourg
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
  • 1992–2008
    • Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire
      Strasburg, Alsace, France