Kiyoshi Kubochi

Keio University, Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan

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Publications (10)13.01 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Primary small cell carcinoma of the breast is a very rare disease, and only a few case reports have described small cell carcinoma of the breast that responds to chemotherapy. Here, we report a case of primary small cell carcinoma of the breast that was treated with surgery and chemotherapy for postoperative local recurrence in the chest wall and metastasis to the liver. The metastatic lesions showed a partial response (PR) to carboplatin and irinotecan, but did not respond to subsequent Taxotere and doxifluridine (5'-DFUR) treatment. We then treated the metastatic lesions with CBDCA and etoposide (VP-16), and were able to stop disease progression. Small cell carcinoma of the breast is as aggressive as its pulmonary counterpart. Therefore, the best therapy for primary small cell carcinoma of the breast may be surgery followed by adjuvant therapy similar to that recommended for small cell lung carcinoma.
    Breast Cancer 06/2008; 16(1):68-71. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypercoagulation has been reported to be associated with tumor progression and a poor prognosis in various carcinomas. In this study, we examined fibrinogen levels in pretreated patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and assessed its correlation with clinicopathological factors and prognosis in patients with ESCC. Pretreatment fibrinogen levels were examined prior to surgery or other treatments (e.g. endoscopic mucosal resection and chemoradiotherapy [CRT]) in 105 patients with primary ESCC. We investigated the association of fibrinogen levels with clinicopathological background factors and the survival of ESCC patients. The plasma fibrinogen concentration (PFC) ranged from 209.4 to 781.6 mg/dL. Pretreatment PFC correlated significantly with the depth of invasion (T factor). There also existed a significant correlation between higher fibrinogen levels and lymph node metastasis (N factor) and distant organ metastasis. Patients with a higher fibrinogen level experienced a significantly worse overall survival (P = 0.006). Fibrinogen levels strongly correlated with platelet counts, white blood cell counts and tumor length. Pretreatment PFC were observed to have a significant correlation with CRT responsiveness in ESCC patients in stages II and III (P = 0.005). This study revealed that higher levels of fibrinogen correlated with tumor progression, metastasis and poor responsiveness to CRT in ESCC patients.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 01/2008; 22(12):2222-7. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that preoperative and/or postoperative enteral immune-enhanced formulas that are supplemented with arginine, omega-3 fatty acids, and RNA may reduce postoperative complications in patients undergoing esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Forty patients who underwent esophagectomy were divided into three groups: group A (n = 20) received a control enteral diet (Erental) through the jejunostomy after surgery. group B (n = 6) received an enteral diet supplemented with immune-enhancing substrates (Impact) containing arginine, omega-3 fatty acids, and RNA after surgery. group C (n = 14) received the impact before and after surgery. Lymphocyte counts in group C on postoperative day (POD) 7 were somewhat higher than that in group A (p = 0.07) and significantly higher than in group B (p = 0.03). Furthermore the incidence of incisional wound infection in group C was significantly lower than that in group A (p = 0.03). Moreover, the duration of postoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) was significantly shorter in group C than in group A (p < 0.05). This study reveals that the perioperative immune-enhanced formula may be superior to postoperative control enteral formulas in terms of reducing surgical wound infection and postoperative SIRS, which may result in serious postoperative complications for patients who have undergone esophagectomy.
    World Journal of Surgery 11/2007; 31(11):2160-7. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a very rare case of primary gastric small cell carcinoma (GSCC) that was accompanied with gastric tubular adenocarcinoma. A male in his 60s had an elevated tumor with a central ulceration in the middle stomach. The patient underwent a distal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection. The pathological examination showed two separated lesions of the stomach, which contained the components of primary GSCC and primary gastric tubular adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical (IHC) examination demonstrated that the tumor cells in the small cell carcinoma stained positive for synaptophysin, chromogranin A, and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). GSCC cells and adenocarcinoma cells independently metastasized to each regional lymph node. Further studies on the biological behavior of individual tumors may allow the development of new treatment strategies for GSCC.
    International Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 02/2005; 36(2):99-104.
  • Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi 04/2004; 105(3):262.
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to become a useful adjunct in breast imaging. Contrast-enhanced breast MRI has demonstrated a high sensitivity in the detection of benign and malignant breast disease. Our study aimed to correlate the dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI appearance of benign phyllodes tumor of the breast with histopathologic findings. We retrospectively reviewed the MRI findings in eight patients with benign phyllodes tumor of the breast to describe the image characteristics of this disease. The architectural features and enhancement patterns of this tumor were assessed and compared with other breast diseases. MRIs demonstrated some characteristics for large benign phyllodes tumors (more than 3 cm in size). On T(2)-weighted images, they were imaged as spotted tumors in high to iso signal intensity with cystic components or septations inside. In the time-signal intensity curve for the eight patients in our study who underwent dynamic MRI, we demonstrated two patterns of their curve: rapidly and gradually enhanced. In conclusion, MRI findings in benign phyllodes tumor include dynamic curves of gradually and rapidly enhancing types, and a low and inhomogeneous signal intensity on T(2)-weighted images compared with fibroadenoma. These findings appear to be useful for diagnosis.
    The Breast Journal 01/2004; 10(3):232-6. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have experienced a very rare case of ruptured pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm with acute gangrenous cholecystitis. A 67-year-old male complaining of epigastralgia was admitted to our hospital. Ultrasound sonography demonstrated acute cholecystitis and cholecystolithiasis. Computed tomography scan showed the findings of acute cholecystitis and retroperitoneal mass. Emergency laparotomy revealed an acute gangrenous cholecystitis and a retroperitoneal hematoma around the second portion of the duodenum. Cholecystectomy was performed, however, the bleeding vessel was not identified. The patient bled again from the abdomen on the 6th postoperative day. A postoperative angiography indicated an inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm. A resection of the aneurysm was performed following the angiography. Pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms are uncommon and ruptured pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms result in fatal hemorrhage and high mortality. We reviewed the previously reported cases and discussed the suitable and expeditious diagnosis and management of the pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2004; 51(56):368-71. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma associated with liver cirrhosis necessitates local therapy in some patients because of severe hepatic dysfunction. Percutaneous ethanol injection therapy, the local therapy for such cancer of the liver, and percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy are detailed. The significant disadvantages of these procedures is their inability to evaluate precisely whether the tumor will develop complete necrosis after treatment because the cancer tissue cannot be excised with use of these procedures. Conversely, laparoscopic hepatectomy, which is minimally invasive surgery, has a disadvantage, that is, its difficulty in complex maneuvers, including hemostasis, ligation, and suture. The authors developed laparoscopic-assisted hepatectomy, which is hepatectomy by small incision during laparotomy with the use of laparoscopic observation. This report describes laparoscopic-assisted hepatectomy, which may allow the solving of problems with percutaneous ethanol injection therapy, percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy, and laparoscopic hepatectomy.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 01/2001; 10(6):404-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mechanism of the desmoplastic response in gastric carcinoma tissues is largely unknown. The objective of this study is to determine the localization of prolyl 4-hydroxylase (PH), an enzyme that plays a crucial role in collagen biosynthesis. Freshly prepared gastric carcinoma tissues from 51 cases, including 13 of the scirrhous type (diffusely infiltrative type), were immunostained by using monoclonal antibodies to human placental PH. Although cytoplasmic staining for PH was observed in both fibroblasts and carcinoma cells, there was increased expression of the alpha-subunit in fibroblasts and no difference in expression between the scirrhous and non-scirrhous type gastric carcinomas. In scirrhous type samples, there was increased PH expression in fibroblasts located in the tumor periphery when compared with fibroblasts in the tumor center. These findings suggested that maintenance of a balance between production and degradation of collagen in gastric carcinoma tissues might be important for stroma formation. It is speculated that activated fibroblasts participate in collagen biosynthesis at the tumor periphery rather than in the tumor center and that increased collagen biosynthesis at the tumor periphery in scirrhous gastric carcinoma may assist further invasion of tumor cells.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/1999; 70(4):239-46. · 2.64 Impact Factor
  • Nippon Shokaki Geka Gakkai zasshi 01/1998; 31(4):979-983.