[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: During a study on lactic acid bacteria (and their species diversity) in spontaneous heap fermentations of Ghanaian cocoa beans, two strains, designated 215(T) and 194B, were isolated. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that these strains represented a distinct lineage close to the genus Weissella and showing only 92.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with respect to their closest neighbour, Weissella soli LMG 20113(T). Whole-cell protein electrophoresis, fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting of whole genomes and physiological and biochemical tests confirmed the unique taxonomic position of the two novel isolates. On the basis of the results of the morphological and biochemical tests and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strains 215(T) and 194B represent the most peripheral lineage of the genus Weissella, for which we propose the name Weissella ghanensis sp. nov. The type strain is 215(T) (=LMG 24286(T)=DSM 19935(T)).
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 01/2009; 58(Pt 12):2721-5. · 2.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fifteen lactic acid bacterial strains were isolated from blood cultures from 15 different patients in the Faculty Hospital in Brno, Czech Republic. All strains were identified using biochemical tests and repetitive PCR using the (GTG)5 primer. Doubtful identification results were confirmed by whole-cell protein analysis. The strains were assigned to the genera Lactobacillus (eight strains representing seven species), Leuconostoc (six strains representing four species) and Weissella (one strain). Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed using the E-test and revealed high-level resistance to cotrimoxazol, metronidazole, vancomycin and teicoplanin, but nearly all strains were susceptible to erythromycin, clindamycin, ampicillin and penicillin.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Traditionally fermented dairy products are still a very important part of the daily food in Romania, especially for people living in the countryside. To study the biodiversity of lactic acid bacterium strains of these products, 110 samples (raw and fermented milk, sour cream, and cheese) were collected from farm houses, monasteries, and local markets throughout Romania. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated using six different cultivation conditions. All 599 isolates were tested for their Gram reaction, catalase activity, and morphology. A rep-PCR fingerprinting technique with the (GTG)5 primer and, in some cases SDS-PAGE of total cell proteins and 16S rRNA gene sequencing were used to cluster and/or identify the LAB. The biodiversity of the isolated strains was correlated with the type of product and/or technology applied. The most frequent LAB found in Romanian raw milk and fermented dairy products were Lactococcus lactis, Leuconostoc spp., and Enterococcus spp. Among the latter, a new species E. saccharominimus was found.
Systematic and Applied Microbiology 10/2006; 29(6):487-95. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three enterococci constituted two aberrant branches after numerical analysis of (GTG)5-PCR fingerprints: analogous patterns were found for two water isolates, strains W213 and W442T, and a separate position was found for an isolate from the gut of a termite, strain LMG 8895T. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis classified all three strains in the Enterococcus faecalis species group. Further sequencing analysis of the housekeeping gene pheS (encoding the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase alpha-subunit) and whole-cell-protein analysis confirmed a distinct position for the two water isolates and the termite strain, respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments and distinct phenotypic features between the strains studied and representatives of the E. faecalis species group confirmed novel species status, respectively, for the two water isolates, strains W213 and W442T, and for strain LMG 8895T. The names Enterococcus silesiacus sp. nov. and Enterococcus termitis sp. nov. are proposed for the novel taxa, with W442T (= CCM 7319T = LMG 23085T) and LMG 8895T (= CCM 7300T) as the respective type strains.
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 04/2006; 56(Pt 3):577-81. · 2.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The taxonomic position of strain LMG 13590(T), originally isolated from dog faeces and classified as Enterococcus dispar in the BCCM/LMG Bacteria Catalogue, was reinvestigated. This strain and 12 recent isolates from faecal samples of healthy dogs occupied a clearly separate position when investigated with multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of the genes encoding the alpha subunit of ATP synthase (atpA), RNA polymerase alpha subunit (rpoA) and phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase alpha subunit (pheS). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of one representative strain showed highest similarities of 98-99% with E. dispar LMG 13521(T), Enterococcus canis LMG 12316(T) and Enterococcus asini LMG 18727(T). A further polyphasic taxonomic study based on whole-cell protein fingerprinting, DNA-DNA hybridization and biochemical features demonstrated that the 13 enterococcal dog faecal strains represent a single, novel Enterococcus species for which the name Enterococcus canintestini sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LMG 13590(T) (=CCM 7285(T)).
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 10/2005; 55(Pt 5):2177-82. · 2.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two enterococcal strains LMG 16607(T) and LMG 16612 originating from sea water were analysed in a polyphasic taxonomic study. Both strains, assigned as Enterococcus sp. in the BCCM/LMG culture collection, possessed analogous protein profiles, but these were different from all other enterococcal species. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of one strain showed the highest similarity, 96.9-96.1%, with its closest phylogenetic neighbours Enterococcus saccharolyticus, Enterococcus sulfureus, Enterococcus saccharominimus and Enterococcus italicus. Further genomic analysis by (GTG)(5)-PCR fingerprinting and sequence analysis of the housekeeping gene phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase (pheS) and distinct biochemical features confirmed that the two strains represent a novel enterococcal species for which the name Enterococcus aquimarinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LMG 16607(T) (=CCM 7283(T)).
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 10/2005; 55(Pt 5):2183-7. · 2.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A set of reference strains and a group of previously unidentified enterococci were analysed by rep-PCR with the (GTG)(5) primer to evaluate the discriminatory power and suitability of this method for typing and identification of enterococcal species. A total of 49 strains representing all validly described species were obtained from bacterial collections. For more extensive evaluation of this identification approach 112 well-defined and identified enterococci isolated from bryndza cheese were tested. The (GTG)(5)-PCR fingerprinting assigned all strains into well-differentiated clusters representing individual species. Subsequently, a group including 44 unidentified enterococci isolated from surface waters was analysed to evaluate this method for identification of unknown isolates. Obtained band patterns allowed us to identify all the strains clearly to the species level. This study proved that rep-PCR with (GTG)(5) primer is a reliable and fast method for species identification of enterococci.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lactic acid bacteria were isolated from the crop and intestines of pigeons. One group of strains, showing similar genomic patterns after screening with tRNA intergenic spacer PCR, could not be identified to the species level. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene of one representative strain revealed about 96% similarity to sequences from Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus mucosae. Determination of the DNA base composition, DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, SDS-PAGE of whole-cell proteins and biochemical testing confirmed that the seven strains studied constitute a single novel Lactobacillus species, for which the name Lactobacillus ingluviei sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain KR3T (=LMG 20380T =CCUG 45722T).
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 02/2003; 53(Pt 1):133-6. · 2.11 Impact Factor