Y Kataoka

Fukuoka University, Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (185)458.33 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Brain pericytes are involved in neurovascular dysfunction, neurodegeneration and/or neuroinflammation. In the present study, we focused on the proinflammatory properties of brain pericytes to understand their participation in the induction of inflammation at the neurovascular unit (NVU). The NVU comprises different cell types, namely, brain microvascular endothelial cells, pericytes, astrocytes and microglia. Among these, we found pericytes to be the most sensitive to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, possessing a unique cytokine and chemokine release profile. This was characterized by marked release of interleukin (IL)-6 and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α. Furthermore, TNF-α-stimulated pericytes induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and IL-1β mRNAs, as an index of BV-2 microglial cell activation state, to the highest levels. Based on these findings, the possibility that brain pericytes act specifically as TNF-α-sensitive cells and as effectors of TNF-α through the release of proinflammatory factors, and that, as such, they have a role in inducing brain inflammation, should be considered.
    Neuroscience letters. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The main therapeutic strategy against human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) characterized by lower extremity motor dysfunction is immunomodulatory treatment, with drugs such as corticosteroid hormone and interferon-α, at present. However, there are many issues in long-term treatment with these drugs, such as insufficient effects and various side effects. We now urgently need to develop other therapeutic strategies. The heparinoid, pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS), has been safely used in Europe for the past 50 years as a thrombosis prophylaxis and for the treatment of phlebitis. We conducted a clinical trial to test the effect of subcutaneous administration of PPS in 12 patients with HAM/TSP in an open-labeled design. There was a marked improvement in lower extremity motor function, based on reduced spasticity, such as a reduced time required for walking 10 m and descending a flight of stairs. There were no significant changes in HTLV-I proviral copy numbers in peripheral blood contrary to the inhibitory effect of PPS in vitro for intercellular spread of HTLV-I. However, serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1 was significantly increased without significant changes of serum level of chemokines (CXCL10 and CCL2). There was a positive correlation between increased sVCAM-1and reduced time required for walking 10 m. PPS might induce neurological improvement by inhibition of chronic inflammation in the spinal cord, through blocking the adhesion cascade by increasing serum sVCAM-1, in addition to rheological improvement of the microcirculation. PPS has the potential to be a new therapeutic tool for HAM/TSP.
    Journal of NeuroVirology 03/2014; · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the molecular mechanisms of lung cancer-induced bone metastasis, we established a bone-seeking subclone (HARA-B4) from a human squamous lung cancer cell line (HARA) using an in vivo selection method. We compared comprehensive gene expression profiles between HARA and HARA-B4, and identified the critical factors for the formation of bone metastasis using in vitro and in vivo assays. The number of bone metastatic colonies in the hind legs was significantly higher in HARA-B4-inoculated mice than in HARA-inoculated mice at 4 weeks after inoculation. In addition, visceral (adrenal) metastases were not found in HARA-B4-inoculated mice at autopsy, suggesting an increase in cancer cell tropism to bone in HARA-B4. Based on a comprehensive gene expression analysis, the expression level of CXC chemokine ligand 14 (CXCL14) was 5-fold greater in HARA-B4 than in HARA. Results of a soft agar colony formation assay showed that anchorage-independent growth ability was 4.5-fold higher with HARA-B4 than with HARA. The murine pre-osteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1 and the pre-osteoclast/macrophage cell line RAW264.7 migrated faster toward cultured HARA-B4 cells than toward HARA cells in a transwell cell migration assay. Interestingly, CXCL14 was shown to be involved in all events (enhancement of cancer cell tropism to the bone, anchorage-independent growth and/or recruitment of bone marrow cells) based on siRNA experiments in HARA-B4 cells. Furthermore, in clinical specimens of lung cancer-induced bone metastasis, expression of CXCL14 was observed in the tumor cells infiltrated in bone marrow in all specimens examined. CXCL14 was able to promote bone metastasis through enhancement of cancer cell tropism to the bone and/or recruitment of bone marrow cells around metastatic cancer cells.
    International Journal of Oncology 02/2014; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated level of reactive carbonyl species, such as methylglyoxal, triggers carbonyl stress and activates a series of inflammatory responses leading to accelerated vascular damage. Edaravone is the active substance of a Japanese medicine, which aids neurological recovery following acute brain ischemia and subsequent cerebral infarction. Our aim was to test whether edaravone can exert a protective effect on the barrier properties of human brain endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3 cell line) treated with methylglyoxal.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(7):e100152. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BMP4, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, is upregulated in the aortas of diabetic db/db mice. However, little is known about its role in diabetic atherosclerosis. Therefore, we examined the roles of BMP4 in the formation of diabetic atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE KO) mice and in the uptake of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in peritoneal macrophages of wild-type mice. To induce diabetes, ApoE KO mice were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin. Diabetic and non-diabetic ApoE KO mice were then fed a high-fat diet for 4 weeks. Next, to investigate a role of BMP4 in the peritoneal macrophages, we examined the uptake of oxLDL in BMP4-treated macrophages. Diabetic ApoE KO mice showed accelerated progression of aortic plaques accompanied by increased luminal plaque area. Western blot analysis showed that BMP4 expression in the whole aorta was greatly increased in diabetic ApoE KO mice, than non-diabetic mice. Western blot analysis showed that the BMP4/SMAD1/5/8 signaling pathway was strongly activated in the aorta from diabetic ApoE KO mice, compared with control ApoE KO mice. Double immunofluorescence staining showed that BMP4 is expressed in MOMA2-labeled macrophage in the aortic lesions of ApoE KO mice. BMP4 significantly increased the uptake of oxLDL into peritoneal macrophages in vitro. We show that in the aorta of diabetic ApoE KO mice, BMP4 is increased and activates SMAD1/5/8. Our in vitro findings indicate that BMP4 enhances oxLDL uptake in mouse peritoneal macrophages, suggesting BMP4 may be involved in aortic plaque formation in diabetic ApoE KO mice. Targeting BMP4 may offer a new strategy for inhibition of plaque progression and stabilization of atherosclerotic lesions.
    Journal of Inflammation 10/2013; 10(1):32. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption occurs frequently in CNS diseases and injuries. Few drugs have been developed as therapeutic candidates for facilitating BBB functions. Here, we examined whether metformin up-regulates BBB functions using rat brain microvascular endothelial cells (RBECs). Metformin, concentration- and time-dependently increased transendothelial electrical resistance of RBEC monolayers, and decreased RBEC permeability to sodium fluorescein and Evans blue albumin. These effects of metformin were blocked by compound C, an inhibitor of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK stimulation with an AMPK activator, AICAR, enhanced BBB functions. These findings indicate that metformin induces up-regulation of BBB functions via AMPK activation.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2013; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is formed by brain endothelial cells. Many immortalized brain endothelial cell lines have been established; these have been used as in vitro BBB models. The aim of the present study was to assess the paracellular barrier properties of the immortalized mouse brain endothelial cell lines bEND.3, bEND.5 cells, and mouse brain endothelial cell 4 (MBEC4), and those of the primary mouse brain endothelial cells pMBECs. bEND.3 cells showed low permeability to sodium fluorescein and obvious staining of tight junction proteins (claudin-5, occludin and ZO-1) similar to pMBECs; these barrier properties of MBEC4 and bEND.5 cells were low. In addition, bEND.3 cells expressed the highest level of claudin-5 among all cells. These results suggest that bEND.3 cells are a convenient and useful model for evaluating BBB function, especially the paracellular barrier.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 01/2013; 36(3):492-5. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricts the entry of circulating drugs and xenobiotics into the brain, and thus its permeability to substances is a critical factor that determines their central effects. The infant brain is vulnerable to neurotoxic substances partly due to the immature BBB. The employment of in vitro BBB models to evaluate permeability of compounds provides higher throughput than that of in vivo animal experiments. However, existing in vitro BBB models have not been able to simulate the intrinsic neonatal BBB. To establish a neonatal BBB model that mimics age-related BBB properties, the neonatal and adult in vitro BBB models were constructed with brain endothelial cells isolated from 2- and 8-week-old rats, respectively. To evaluate BBB functions, transendothelial electrical resistance, permeability of sodium fluorescein and Evans blue-albumin, and transport of rhodamine123 were measured. Radiolabelled drugs were used for BBB permeability studies in the neonatal and adult BBB models (in vitro) and in age-matched rats (in vivo). The neonatal BBB model showed lower barrier and p-glycoprotein (P-gp) functions than the adult BBB model; these were well associated with lower expressions of the barrier-related proteins and P-gp, and a different distribution pattern of immunostained barrier-related proteins. Verapamil (a P-gp inhibitor) significantly increased the influx of rhodamine 123, supporting functional P-gp expression in the neonatal BBB model. Valproic acid, but not nicotine, showed higher BBB permeability in the neonatal BBB model, which was well in accordance with the in vivo BBB property. We established a neonatal BBB model in vitro. This could allow us to assess the age-dependent BBB permeability of drugs.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e55166. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cyclophilin A (CypA), a member of the immunophilin family, is a ubiquitously distributed intracellular protein. Recent studies have shown that CypA is secreted by cells in response to inflammatory stimuli. Elevated levels of extracellular CypA and its receptor, CD147 have been detected in the synovium of patients with RA. However, the precise process of interaction between CypA and CD147 in the development of RA remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate CypA secretion from fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) isolated from mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and CypA-induced CD147 expression in mouse macrophages. FINDINGS: CIA was induced by immunization with type II collagen in mice. The expression and localization of CypA and CD147 was investigated by immunoblotting and immunostaining. Both CypA and CD147 were highly expressed in the joints of CIA mice. CD147 was expressed in the infiltrated macrophages in the synovium of CIA mice. In vitro, spontaneous CypA secretion from FLS was detected and this secretion was increased by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. CypA markedly increased CD147 levels in macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that an interaction in the synovial joints between extracellular CypA and CD147 expressed by macrophages may be involved in the mechanisms underlying the development of arthritis.
    Journal of Inflammation 11/2012; 9(1):44. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors were reported to induce neurite outgrowth in vitro. However, the mechanism underlying this effect remains unclear. Cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is a ubiquitous glycoprotein present on the surfaces of various cells, including neurons, and is suggested to be involved in neurite outgrowth. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether PrP(C) mediates neurite outgrowth induced by HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Atorvastatin, a strong HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, induced neurite outgrowth and increased PrP(C) levels in Neuro2a cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. PrP(C) mRNA expression was also increased by atorvastatin. Farnesol, a non-sterol mevalonate derivative, attenuated the atorvastatin-induced neurite outgrowth and increase in PrP(C). Neuro2a cells overexpressing PrP(C) showed a remarkable enhancement of atorvastatin-induced neurite outgrowth compared with mock cells transfected with empty pCI-neo vector. These findings suggest that PrP(C) contributes, at least in part, to atorvastatin-induced neurite outgrowth. This phenomenon may be included among the mechanisms underlying decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease in patients treated with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors.
    Neuroscience Letters 11/2012; · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: P-glycoprotein, an efflux transporter that is highly expressed at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), is involved in the traffic of several compounds across the BBB. BBB disruption under pathological conditions is observed in parallel with microglial activation. Previous studies of the interaction between rat brain endothelial cells (RBECs) and microglia have shown that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activated microglia increase the permeability of RBECs through a mechanism involving NADPH oxidase. In this study, to investigate whether LPS-activated microglia are linked to P-gp dysfunction at the BBB, we examined the effect of LPS on P-gp function in a coculture system with RBECs and rat microglia. When LPS at a concentration showing no effect on the RBEC monolayer was added for 6h to the abluminal side of the RBEC monolayer and RBEC/microglia cocultures, cellular accumulation of the P-gp substrate rhodamine 123, in RBECs, was increased by LPS in the RBEC/microglia coculture. This increased accumulation of rhodamine 123 in RBECs was blocked by diphenyleneiodoniumchloride, an NADPH oxidase inhibitor. P-gp expression on RBECs was not influenced by treatment with LPS in either RBEC monolayers or RBEC/microglia cocultures. These findings suggest that activated microglia induce P-gp dysfunction at the BBB through an NADPH oxidase-dependent pathway.
    Neuroscience Letters 07/2012; 524(1):45-8. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is characterized by intraperitoneal dissemination and often by large volumes of ascites. Aminobisphosphonates exhibit potent antitumor effects and are currently being tested against human solid tumors. Several aminobisphosphonates inhibit cancer cell migration by preventing the activation of Rho through inhibition of the mevalonate pathway. We evaluated the ability of an aminobisphosphonate, incadronate, to inhibit the growth of disseminated pancreatic cancer in vivo. We established an in vivo pancreatic cancer model with i.p. carcinomatosis in nude mice. Incadronate administration started from the day of tumor inoculation, and reduced tumor burden and ascites accumulation. Further, we evaluated the effect of incadronate on the inhibition of pancreatic cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro. Incadronate induced growth inhibition and apoptotic death of pancreatic cancer cells. It also inhibited migration presumably by preventing the activation of Rho by lysophosphatidic acid. Thus, the in vivo antitumor effect may result from the inhibition of cancer cell proliferation and migration. The potent effects of incadronate in reducing tumor burden and ascites suggest that it will be of value in regimens for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.
    Oncology Reports 04/2012; 28(1):111-6. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in the plasma and brain is associated with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption through proteolytic activity in neuroinflammatory diseases. MMP-9 is present in the brain microvasculature and its vicinity, where brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs), pericytes and astrocytes constitute the BBB. Little is known about the cellular source and role of MMP-9 at the BBB. Here, we examined the ability of pericytes to release MMP-9 and migrate in response to inflammatory mediators in comparison with BMECs and astrocytes, using primary cultures isolated from rat brains. The culture supernatants were collected from primary cultures of rat brain endothelial cells, pericytes, or astrocytes. MMP-9 activities and levels in the supernatants were measured by gelatin zymography and western blot, respectively. The involvement of signaling molecules including mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt in the mediation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced MMP-9 release was examined using specific inhibitors. The functional activity of MMP-9 was evaluated by a cell migration assay. Zymographic and western blot analyses demonstrated that TNF-α stimulated pericytes to release MMP-9, and this release was much higher than from BMECs or astrocytes. Other inflammatory mediators [interleukin (IL)-1β, interferon-γ, IL-6 and lipopolysaccharide] failed to induce MMP-9 release from pericytes. TNF-α-induced MMP-9 release from pericytes was found to be mediated by MAPKs and PI3K. Scratch wound healing assay showed that in contrast to BMECs and astrocytes the extent of pericyte migration was significantly increased by TNF-α. This pericyte migration was inhibited by anti-MMP-9 antibody. These findings suggest that pericytes are most sensitive to TNF-α in terms of MMP-9 release, and are the major source of MMP-9 at the BBB. This pericyte-derived MMP-9 initiated cellular migration of pericytes, which might be involved in pericyte loss in the damaged BBB.
    Journal of Neuroinflammation 08/2011; 8:106. · 4.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The metabolic syndrome, characterized by conditions such as obesity and insulin resistance, is more prevalent in postmenopausal women than in premenopausal women, and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the combined effects of ovariectomy (OVX) and high-fat diet (HFD) on metabolic parameters, vascular function and glucose homeostasis in mice. After OVX or sham operation (Sham), mice were fed with either a normal diet (ND) or a HFD. Mice were divided into ND+Sham, ND+OVX, HFD+Sham, and HFD+OVX groups. After 4weeks, HFD+OVX mice developed marked increases in body weight and plasma insulin levels, but not blood glucose levels. The area under the glucose tolerance curve (Δ AUC(glucose)) following an oral glucose tolerance test and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) revealed that HFD+OVX mice had higher values than any other group. Concomitantly with these metabolic disturbances, decreased tail skin blood flow and augmented tail skin flushing, a marker of hot flashes, were observed in HFD+OVX mice. These vascular modulations likely result from vasomotor dysfunction. Furthermore, we investigated whether OVX and HFD affect the insulin signaling pathway in mice. Insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation in the livers of HFD+OVX mice was significantly downregulated compared with ND+Sham and HFD+Sham mice. Thus, the HFD+OVX mice used in the present study constitute an experimental animal model of postmenopausal metabolic syndrome. Herein, we provide experimental evidence that vascular dysfunction and impaired insulin signaling may contribute to the pathogenesis of postmenopausal metabolic syndrome.
    Microvascular Research 06/2011; 82(2):171-6. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Olanzapine is known to be advantageous with respect to outcome and drug compliance in patients with schizophrenia. However, olanzapine has adverse effects, including a higher incidence of weight gain and metabolic disturbances, when compared with those of other antipsychotic agents. The mechanisms underlying these adverse events remain obscure. Female rats were orally administered olanzapine (2 mg/kg) or vehicle once a day for 2 weeks to ascertain if hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) mediates olanzapine-induced weight gain and hyperphagia. Body weight and food intake in each rat were evaluated every day and every two days, respectively. After the termination of drug treatment, we measured the protein levels of AMPK and phosphorylated AMPK in the hypothalamus using western blot analyses. Olanzapine significantly increased body weight and food intake. The phosphorylation levels of AMPK were significantly elevated by olanzapine. These results suggest that activation of hypothalamic AMPK may mediate hyperphagia and weight gain induced by chronic treatment with olanzapine.
    Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 06/2011; 31(7):985-9. · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The conversion of cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) to its protease-resistant isoform is involved in the pathogenesis of prion disease. Although PrP(C) is a ubiquitous glycoprotein that is present in various cell types, the physiological role of PrP(C) remains obscure. The present study aimed to determine whether PrP(C) mediates migration of brain microvascular endothelial cells. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting PrP(C) were transfected into a mouse brain microvascular endothelial cell line (bEND.3 cells). siPrP1, selected among three siRNAs, reduced mRNA and protein levels of PrP(C) in bEND.3 cells. Cellular migration was evaluated with a scratch-wound assay. siPrP1 suppressed migration without significantly affecting cellular proliferation. This study provides the first evidence that PrP(C) may be necessary for brain microvascular endothelial cells to migrate into damaged regions in the brain. This function of PrP(C) in the brain endothelium may be a mechanism by which the neurovascular unit recovers from an injury such as an ischemic insult.
    Neuroscience Letters 06/2011; 496(2):121-4. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease associated with chronic inflammation of the joints. RA has been shown to increase the morbidity of and mortality due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. We recently reported that cerebrovascular permeability was increased in mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), an animal model of RA. S100A4, a member of the S100 family, is up-regulated in synovial fluid and plasma from RA patients. This study was aimed at evaluating a role of S100A4 in the mediation of blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction in CIA mice. CIA was induced by immunization with type II collagen in mice. Cerebrovascular permeability was assessed by measurement of sodium fluorescein (Na-F) levels in the brains of control and CIA mice. Serum S100A4 concentrations in control and CIA mice were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Accumulation of Na-F in the brain and serum levels of S100A4 were increased in CIA mice. Increased S100A4 levels in the serum are closely correlated with hyperpermeability of the cerebrovascular endothelium to Na-F. We investigated whether S100A4 induces BBB dysfunction using mouse brain capillary endothelial cells (MBECs). S100A4 decreased the transendothelial electrical resistance and increased Na-F permeability in the MBECs. S100A4 reduced the expression of occludin, a tight junction protein, and stimulated p53 expression in MBECs. These findings suggest that S100A4 increases paracellular permeability of MBECs by decreasing expression levels of occludin, at least in part, via p53. The present study highlights a potential role for S100A4 in BBB dysfunction underlying cerebrovascular diseases in patients with RA.
    Neuroscience 05/2011; 189:286-92. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Statins have pleiotropic vascular protective effects that are independent of their cholesterol-lowering effects. The aim of the present study was to determine if statins have anti-flushing actions in an animal model of forced exercise-induced temperature dysregulation in menopausal hot flushes, and to clarify the critical role of statins in regulating vascular reactivity in the tail arteries of ovariectomized rats. Administration of fluvastatin or pravastatin (3mg/kg/day for 7days, p.o.) significantly ameliorated the flushing of tail skin in ovariectomized mice, and the effect of each statin was comparable with that of estrogen replacement (1mg/kg/week for 3weeks, i.m.). In phenylephrine-pre-contracted rat-tail arteries, ovariectomy inhibited acetylcholine-induced relaxation, but augmented sodium nitroprusside-induced relaxation. These ovariectomy-altered vasodilator responses were restored by fluvastatin treatment as well as by estrogen replacement. Nitrite/nitrate levels in the plasma of ovariectomized animals showed significantly lower values than those in sham-operated animals; this ovariectomy-reduced production of nitric oxide was improved by fluvastatin treatment. These data provide the first experimental evidence that statins such as fluvastatin and pravastatin exert anti-flushing effects by improving vasomotor dysfunction through nitric oxide-mediated mechanisms in ovariectomized animals. Thus, therapeutic methods that target improvement of vasomotor dysfunction could be novel strategies for reducing menopausal hot flushes.
    European journal of pharmacology 01/2011; 651(1-3):234-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The gamma-isoform of the 14-3-3 protein (14-3-3 gamma) is expressed in neurons, and could be a specific marker for neuronal damage. This protein has been reported as a detectable biomarker, especially in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) patients by Western blotting (WB) or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Western blotting for 14-3-3 gamma is not sensitive, and the reported data are conflicting among publications. An ELISA specific for 14-3-3 gamma is not available. CJD patients (n=114 sporadic CJD patients, 7 genetic CJD, and 3 iatrogenic CJD) and 99 patients with other neurodegenerative diseases were examined in this study. The CSF samples obtained were analyzed by Western blotting for 14-3-3 gamma, and by ELISA for total tau protein. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the newly developed sandwich ELISA for 14-3-3 gamma. The cut-off value of the 14-3-3 gamma ELISA was >1, 683 AU/ml; and sensitivity was 95.2%, with 72.7% specificity. This specificity was the same for the total tau protein ELISA. Seven CJD cases were negative by WB but positive using the 14-3-3 gamma ELISA, indicating that the ELISA is more sensitive. All 21 cases of early stage CJD could be diagnosed using a combination of the 14-3-3γ ELISA and diffusion weighted MR imaging (DWI-MRI). The 14-3-3 gamma ELISA was more sensitive than conventional WB, and was useful for laboratory diagnosis of CJD, similar to the ELISA for the tau protein. Using DWI-MRI and these ELISA tests on CSF, diagnosis of CJD will be possible even at early stages of the disease.
    BMC Neurology 01/2011; 11:120. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporin A, a calcineurin inhibitor, produces neurotoxicity with relatively high frequency in organ-transplanted patients. The aim of the present study was to clarify whether acute liver failure (ALF) simulated to the transient liver dysfunction at an early phase after liver transplantation increases the susceptibility to cyclosporin A-induced neurotoxicity through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. The right internal, left lateral and left internal lobes in male ddy mice were surgically excised under sodium pentobarbital anesthesia. Effect of cyclosporin A on harmine-induced tremors was examined and BBB permeability to (3)[H]cyclosporin A was assessed in partially (70%) hepatectomized mice at postoperative days 1, 3 and 7. Patrial hepatectomy aggravated harmine-induced tremors. Cyclosporin A (50mg/kg, i.p.) markedly augmented harmine-induced tremors in partially hepatectomized mice at postoperative day 1. Consistent with these behavioral findings, the brain uptake of (3)[H]cyclosporin A in mice injected with (3)[H]cyclosporin A into the jugular vein at postoperative day 1 was significantly increased by partial hepatectomy compared with sham operation. Our results indicate that ALF increases BBB permeability to cyclosporin A by lowering the function of P-glycoprotein and tight junctions, consequently leading to augmentation of cyclosporin A-induced neurotoxicity. The possibility that cyclosporin A increases the risk of neurotoxicity including tremors at an early phase of liver transplantation must be considered.
    Life sciences 01/2011; 88(11-12):529-34. · 2.56 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
458.33 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1983–2014
    • Fukuoka University
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2008–2012
    • National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2007–2008
    • Kurume University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Куруме, Fukuoka, Japan
    • Gifu University
      • Graduate School of Medicine
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan
    • Tohoku University
      Japan
  • 1989–2006
    • Nagasaki University Hospital
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 2005
    • Hungarian Academy of Sciences
      • Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology
      Budapest, Budapest fovaros, Hungary
  • 1980–2004
    • Kyushu University
      • • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • Faculty of Medical Sciences
      Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka-ken, Japan
  • 2001
    • Okayama University
      • Hospital Pharmacy
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 1989–2000
    • Nagasaki University
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1995
    • National Institute of Health Sciences, Japan
      • Division of Pharmacology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1988
    • Salahaddin University - Hawler
      Hawlēr, Arbīl, Iraq
    • Sophia University
      • Life Science Institute
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 1982–1983
    • Daiichi College of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan