Wichai Cherdshewasart

Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand

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Publications (37)66.14 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities of native and in vitro hepatic metabolized tuberous extracts of wild Butea superba collected from 23 out of the 76 provinces in Thailand by yeast estrogen screening (YES). The YES screen used consisted of the human estrogen receptors hERα and hERβ and the human transcriptional intermediary factor 2 or human steroid receptor coactivator 1, respectively, together with the β-galactosidase expression cassette as the reporter. The relative potency, effectiveness and relative inductive efficiency were evaluated by determining the β-galactosidase activity (EC(50)) of each tuberous extract in relation to that induced by 17β-estradiol. Six pure compounds isolated from B. superba were tested in parallel and exhibited a maximum relative potency compared to 17β-estradiol of 15.5% and 5.27% in the respective hERα and hERβ assays. Eighteen and seventeen plant extracts were respectively found to interact with the hERα and hERβ receptors in the YES assays with higher relative potency and relative inductive efficiency with hERβ than with hERα. The selected plant extracts tested exhibited antiestrogenic activity. Coincubation with the rat liver S9 mixture also elevated the estrogenic potency of these plant extracts.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 11/2010; 74(11):2176-82. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine if Butea superba Roxb., a traditional Thai male potency herb, has androgenic activity in 60-day-old male Wistar rats, we measured its effects on the pituitary-testicular axis and sex organs. Intact and orchidectomized adult male rats were subdivided into five groups (10 rats/group): distilled water, Butea superba (BS)-10, BS-50, BS-250, and testosterone propionate (TP). They received 0, 10, 50, and 250 mg·kg body weight(-1)·day(-1) BS in distilled water by gavage and 6 mg·kg body weight(-1)·day(-1) TP sc, respectively, during the 30-day treatment period. Blood was collected every 15 days and luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone were measured. Changes of weight and histological appearance of sex organs were determined at the end of the 30-day treatment and 15-day post-treatment periods. TP treatment reduced serum FSH and LH levels and significantly increased the weight of the seminal vesicles and epididymis, in accordance with histopathological changes, in both intact and orchidectomized rats. No changes in serum testosterone, LH, and FSH levels were observed in any of the intact rats treated with BS, but a significant increase in seminal vesicle weight was observed only in the BS-250 group. Although a significant reduction in serum LH was detected in the BS-50 and BS-250 groups of orchidectomized rats, no significant change in weight or histology of sex organs was observed. Thus, we conclude that B. superba needs endogenous testosterone to work synergistically to stimulate the accessory sex organ of intact animals and can potentially exhibit an LH reduction effect in orchidectomized animals.
    Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.] 09/2010; 43(9):843-52. · 1.08 Impact Factor
  • Wichai Cherdshewasart, Wandee Sutjit, Kade Pulcharoen, Malyn Chulasiri
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    ABSTRACT: Butea superba is a traditional tuberous Thai plant enriched with flavonoids that is used for treating erectile dysfunction. We investigated the mutagenic and antimutagenic potentials of a B. superba extract by using the pre-incubation method of the Ames test. Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 98 and TA 100 were applied as the tester strains in the presence and absence of an S9 mixture. Prior to the mutagenic and antimutagenic tests, the survival of the tester strains was measured by treating with the B. superba extract. The results show that the B. superba extract exhibited dose-dependent cytotoxic effects. Data from the Ames test revealed that the B. superba extract to be non-mutagenic in the presence and absence of the S9 mixture. In contrast, the B. superba extract showed antimutagenic potential towards either or both of the tested mutagens: 2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-acrylamide (AF-2) and benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) in the respective presence and absence of the S9 mixture, respectively. The plant antimutagenic activity was confirmed by a rec assay. A further study by micronucleus test demonstrated that the B. superba extract at the maximum loading volume could induce acute micronucleus formation in the tested animals. The in vitro mutagenic and antimutagenic assays confirmed the safe consumption of B. superba products at low dose (not more than 781.25 microg/ml of the plant extract), but the in vivo genotoxic assay demonstrated the unsafe consumption at a high dose (300 mg/kg of the BW plant extract or 16 g/kg of the BW plant powder).
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 01/2010; 74(5):923-7. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    C. Boonchird, T. Mahapanichkul, W. Cherdshewasart
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    ABSTRACT: Variations in the estrogenic activity of the phytoestrogen-rich plant, Pueraria mirifica , were determined with yeast estrogen screen (YES) consisting of human estrogen receptors (hER) hERα and hERβ and human transcriptional intermediary factor 2 (hTIF2) or human steroid receptor coactivator 1 (hSRC1), respectively, together with the β-galactosidase expression cassette. Relative estrogenic potency was expressed by determining the β-galactosidase activity (EC50) of the tuber extracts in relation to 17β-estradiol. Twenty-four and 22 of the plant tuber ethanolic extracts interacted with hERα and hERβ, respectively, with a higher relative estrogenic potency with hERβ than with hERα. Antiestrogenic activity of the plant extracts was also determined by incubation of plant extracts with 17β-estradiol prior to YES assay. The plant extracts tested exhibited antiestrogenic activity. Both the estrogenic and the antiestrogenic activity of the tuber extracts were metabolically activated with the rat liver S9-fraction prior to the assay indicating the positive influence of liver enzymes. Correlation analysis between estrogenic potency and the five major isoflavonoid contents within the previously HPLC-analyzed tuberous samples namely puerarin, daidzin, genistin, daidzein, and genistein revealed a negative result.
    Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research - BRAZ J MED BIOL RES. 01/2010; 43(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Pueraria mirifica is a leguminous herbal plant whose tuberous roots are used in estrogen replacement. Leaves were collected for 39 locations across Thailand with seed pods and flowers also collected when available from a subset of 14 and 11 of these locations respectively. Morphometric analysis revealed a low level of variation between cultivars. Linear regression analysis suggested that leaves trended to decrease in size from the West to the East whilst pods trended to increase in size from the South to the North and also the West to the East. Genetic analysis was conducted by direct sequencing of one nuclear (rDNA ITS region) and one chloroplast (trnLF) region, and also by random genome analysis by RAPD-PCR using five primers. All chloroplast sequences obtained revealed a low level of variation between isolates although the rDNA ITS sequences displayed a divergence of up to 25.2 %. All of 93 bands generated by the five RAPD primers were polymorphic. The average genetic distance varied from 0 to 42. NJ based phylogenies derived from ITS and RAPD data revealed poor resolution. In summary, both analyses indicate low variation amongst cultivars.
    Pak. J. Bot. 01/2010; 42:97-109.
  • C Boonchird, T Mahapanichkul, W Cherdshewasart
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    ABSTRACT: Variations in the estrogenic activity of the phytoestrogen-rich plant, Pueraria mirifica, were determined with yeast estrogen screen (YES) consisting of human estrogen receptors (hER) hERalpha and hERbeta and human transcriptional intermediary factor 2 (hTIF2) or human steroid receptor coactivator 1 (hSRC1), respectively, together with the beta-galactosidase expression cassette. Relative estrogenic potency was expressed by determining the beta-galactosidase activity (EC(50)) of the tuber extracts in relation to 17beta-estradiol. Twenty-four and 22 of the plant tuber ethanolic extracts interacted with hERalpha and hERbeta, respectively, with a higher relative estrogenic potency with hERbeta than with hERalpha. Antiestrogenic activity of the plant extracts was also determined by incubation of plant extracts with 17beta-estradiol prior to YES assay. The plant extracts tested exhibited antiestrogenic activity. Both the estrogenic and the antiestrogenic activity of the tuber extracts were metabolically activated with the rat liver S9-fraction prior to the assay indicating the positive influence of liver enzymes. Correlation analysis between estrogenic potency and the five major isoflavonoid contents within the previously HPLC-analyzed tuberous samples namely puerarin, daidzin, genistin, daidzein, and genistein revealed a negative result.
    Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.] 12/2009; 43(2):195-200. · 1.08 Impact Factor
  • W Cherdshewasart, W Sutjit, K Pulcharoen, M Chulasiri
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    ABSTRACT: Pueraria mirifica is a Thai phytoestrogen-rich herb traditionally used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. Pueraria lobata is also a phytoestrogen-rich herb traditionally used in Japan, Korea and China for the treatment of hypertension and alcoholism. We evaluated the mutagenic and antimutagenic activity of the two plant extracts using the Ames test preincubation method plus or minus the rat liver mixture S9 for metabolic activation using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 as indicator strains. The cytotoxicity of the two extracts to the two S. typhimurium indicators was evaluated before the mutagenic and antimutagenic tests. Both extracts at a final concentration of 2.5, 5, 10, or 20 mg/plate exhibited only mild cytotoxic effects. The plant extracts at the concentrations of 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/plate in the presence and absence of the S9 mixture were negative in the mutagenic Ames test. In contrast, both extracts were positive in the antimutagenic Ames test towards either one or both of the tested mutagens 2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-acrylamide and benzo(a)pyrene. The absence of mutagenic and the presence of anti-mutagenic activities of the two plant extracts were confirmed in rec-assays and further supported by a micronucleus test where both plant extracts at doses up to 300 mg/kg body weight (equivalent to 16 g/kg body weight plant tuberous powder) failed to exhibit significant micronucleus formation in rats. The tests confirmed the non-mutagenic but reasonably antimutagenic activities of the two plant extracts, supporting their current use as safe dietary supplements and cosmetics.
    Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.] 10/2009; 42(9):816-23. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influences of seasonal changes and plant cultivars on estrogenic activity of the phytoestrogen-rich plant, Pueraria mirifica. Three cultivars of P. mirifica; PM-I, PM-II and PM-V, were grown in the same field trial for 3 years and random tubers collected during the summer, rainy season and winter seasons. Female Wistar rats were ovariectomized, kept for 14 days, randomly segregated into groups and treated with one of DW, 200microg/100g BW 17beta-estradiol (E2) or tuberous powder of PM-I, PM-II and PM-V at dosages of 100, or 1000mg/kg BW for the next 14 days. For the last 7 days of post-treatment period, rats received only DW. The vaginal cornification was recorded during the treatment and post-treatment period. The uterine tissues of the treated rats at the treatment and post-treatment periods were analyzed for uterine gland number and for the surface area of the myometrium, endometrium and lumen. In addition, ethanol tuberous extracts of PM-I, PM-II and PM-V was submitted to DPPH analysis. Vaginal cornification exhibited a dose-dependent response with plant samples collected during the winter and summer being more active than those collected in the rainy season. All plant samples-induced uterotrophic effects in the analysis at the treatment and post-treatment periods in a dose-dependent manner. The P. mirifica treated rats exhibited increasing uterine gland numbers and thickness of the endometrium and myometrium but a decreasing size of lumen, in comparison to the negative control. The results were more prominent in PM-I than other plants and also in plant samples collected during the winter and summer seasons than in the rainy season. DPPH assay of the ethanol tuberous extracts revealed variance in antioxidant activity. The results of uterotrophic and vaginal cornification assays reveal that P. mirifica exhibits a dose-dependent estrogenic activity under the influence of both seasonal changes and plant cultivars, which is confirmed by DPPH assay.
    Maturitas 12/2008; 61(4):350-7. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Butea superba Roxb. (Leguminosae) is a well-known Thai male potency herb with androgenic and anti-estrogenic activities. We evaluated whether oral administration of Butea superba has an androgenic or anti-estrogenic activity in female rats. Normal and ovariectomized adult female rats were each subdivided into five groups, DW, BS-10, BS-50, BS-250 and TP, and gavaged with 0, 10, 50 and 250 mg/kg BW/day of the crude of Butea superba and subcutaneously injected with 6 mg/kg BW/day of testosterone propionate (TP), respectively, during the treatment period. In intact rats, only BS-250 increased the uterine thickness and the number of uterine glands, and could induce a prolonged diestrous phase. In ovariectomized rats, treatment with BS-50 as well as BS-250 increased the uterine thickness and the number of uterine glands. However, serum luteinizing hormone (LH) levels were also increased. TP reduced serum follicle stimulating hormone and LH levels with the appearance of anestrous cycle, and could significantly increase the relative uterine weight and thickness and the number of uterine glands in both intact and ovariectomized rats. Orally administered Butea superba tubers have an androgenic effect on the reproductive organs of intact and ovariectomized rats, and exhibit anti-estrogenic activity on LH secretion in ovariectomized rats.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 12/2008; 121(1):123-9. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of the tuberous powder of Butea superba Roxb. (Leguminosae) on blood testosterone and luteinizing hormone (LH), and toxicity in male rats. Adult male Wistar rats were orally treated with 0, 10, 100, 150 or 200 mg/kg BW/day of B. superba powder suspension in 0.7 ml distilled water for 90 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected every 30 days and submitted to testosterone and LH analysis. On the 90th day of treatment, blood and the main organs were collected for haematological and histopathological analysis, respectively. The adverse effects found included an increase in spleen relative weight, and increased serum level of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in rats treated with 150 mg/kg BW/day B. superba powder. At 200 mg/kg BW/day treatment, rats showed significant decreased and increased blood levels of neutrophil and eosinophil, respectively, and a decrease in serum creatinine levels. Serum hormonal analysis revealed a dose-dependent decrease in testosterone, but not LH, in rats treated with 150 and 200 mg/kg BW/day B. superba powder. Subchronic treatment of B. superba tuberous powder suspension at high doses in male rats exhibited adverse effects to blood chemistry, haematology, and blood testosterone level. The results of the study should initiate awareness of the possible adverse risk of over-dose consumption of B. superba products for treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) in mature males.
    Maturitas 07/2008; 60(2):131-7. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Effects of Pueraria mirifica on bone loss in fully mature ovariectomized rats are examined. Two series of experiments were performed. In the first series, rats were kept with their ovaries intact and divided into two groups; initial control (IC) and sham control (SH). The IC rats were sacrificed on day 1 and their data were kept as baseline control. The SH rats were subjected to sham operation on day 0 and gavaged daily with distilled water for 90 days. In the second series, rats were subjected to ovariectomy, divided into five groups and gavaged daily with 0.1mg/kg B.W./day of 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE), 0, 10, 100 and 1000mg/kg B.W./day of P. mirifica (P0, P10, P100 and P1000, respectively) for 90 days. Changes of bone mineral density and bone mineral content were measured using peripheral Quantitative Computerized Tomography. Bone loss was significantly induced by ovariectomy and it was dose-dependently prevented by P. mirifica treatment for 90 days. The preventive effects of P. mirifica on bone loss depended on bone types (axial or long bone), bone sites (metaphysis or diaphysis), and bone compartments (trabecular and cortical). At P100 and P1000, bone loss was completely prevented both in trabecular bone mineral density and content. The effects of P. mirifica were, as expected, comparable to that in the EE group. These results suggest that P. mirifica may be applicable to treat the osteoporosis in menopausal women; however, an undesirable side effect on stimulating reproductive organs should be concerned.
    Maturitas 03/2008; 59(2):137-48. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    Wichai Cherdshewasart, Virasinee Traisup, Porntipa Picha
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the estrogenic activity of tuberous samples of wild, phytoestrogen-rich Pueraria mirifica collected from 28 out of 76 provinces of Thailand by MCF-7 proliferation assay. The plant extracts were administered to MCF-7, ER alpha positive human mammary adenocarcinoma cell cultures, for 3 days at dosages of 0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1,000 microg/ml and were compared with 17 beta-estradiol at concentrations of 10(-12)-10(-6) M. The mean P. mirifica population at 1 mug/ml exhibited significant proliferation. Two plant samples exhibited levels of proliferation in MCF-7 that were similar to 17beta-estradiol. The mean P. mirifica populations at 100 and 1,000 microg/ml exhibited significant cytotoxicity in MCF-7. Analysis of the estrogenic activity of puerarin, representative of major isoflavonoids in P. mirifica tubers, revealed proliferation in MCF-7 only at the highest dose (10(-6) M) that was 10(2)-10(5) times less active than 17 beta-estradiol. Puerarin and 17 beta-estradiol at concentration of 10(-12)-10(-6) M exhibited no cytotoxicity in MCF-7.
    Journal of Reproduction and Development 03/2008; 54(1):63-7. · 1.76 Impact Factor
  • Wichai Cherdshewasart, Suttijit Sriwatcharakul
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    ABSTRACT: There is evidence that metabolic activation can increase the estrogenic activity of the phytoestrogen-rich herb in tests with HepG2 cells. Variation in both plant genetics and harvest season may also influence estrogenic activity of the plant materials. We evaluated the influence of in vitro metabolic activation by S9 mixture on the estrogenic activity of tuberous samples of different cultivars of the phytoestrogen-rich herb, Pueraria mirifica, harvested in different seasons. Plant extracts were derived from the tubers of five plant cultivars collected during summer, rainy season and winter and administered to MCF-7 cultures, an ERalpha-positive human mammary adenocarcinoma cell line for 3 days at dosages of 0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1000microg/ml. These data were compared with the major plant isoflavonoids puerarin, daidzin, genistin, daidzein and genistein and with 17beta-estradiol, at concentrations of 10(-12) to 10(-6)M. The test system was done in the absence and presence of the S9 mixture. The major plant isoflavonoids and the plant extracts exhibited variable degrees of estrogenic activities as evaluated by altered proliferation of the MCF-7 cell line which were significantly enhanced in the presence of the S9 mixture. Metabolic activation of plant isoflavonoids at least in vitro by S9 mixture plays a significant role in amplification of the estrogenic activity of the phytoestrogen-rich plant. In addition, the estrogenic activities of the plant samples were potentially influenced by both seasonal changes and plant genetics.
    Maturitas 03/2008; 59(2):128-36. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mucuna collettii Lace is a Thai herb with a long record of consumption among mature Thai males for the promotion of sexual potency. The mutagenic and antimutagenic potentials of Mucuna collettii extract were carried out by using the Ames test pre-incubation method in the presence and absence of S9 mixture. Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 98 and TA 100 were applied as the tester strains. Prior to mutagenic and antimutagenic tests, the survival of the tester strains was performed by treating with the plant extract. Results showed Mucuna collettii extract exhibited strong cytotoxic effects in a dose-dependent manner. Toxicity of the plant was confirmed in mice in which negative adverse effect was found in kidney, uterus, ovary, and testis. Mucuna collettii extract in the presence and absence of S9 mixture was negative for mutagenic Ames test. Mucuna collettii extract in the presence and absence of S9 mixture was positive for antimutagenic Ames test towards either one or both of the tested mutagens: 2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-acrylamide (AF-2) and benzo(a)pyrene. The antimutagenic activity of the plant extract was confirmed in rec-assays. Micronucleus test demonstrated that Mucuna collettii extract at high dose and a long incubation time could induce micronucleus formation in tested animals, but less than the response of the positive control. The overall mutagenic and antimutagenic assays are further evidences for the antimutagenic potential of Mucuna collettii.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 02/2008; 115(1):96-103. · 2.76 Impact Factor
  • W Cherdshewasart, W Sutjit
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    ABSTRACT: The antioxidant activity of wild Pueraria mirifica collected from 28 of the 76 provinces of Thailand and Pueraria lobata collected from China were assessed by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. P. mirifica tuberous extracts showed weak antioxidant activity in comparison with alpha-tocopherol. Six plant samples exhibited stronger antioxidant activity than the mean value of the P. mirifica population. In addition, the mean value of the P. mirifica population indicated significantly lower antioxidant activity than P. lobata. The analysis of the antioxidant activity of isoflavonoids revealed that puerarin and daidzein exhibited the same level of antioxidant activity as alpha-tocopherol. The results showed convincingly that puerarin and daidzein in the plant tubers may play an important role in antioxidant activity. The correlation analysis between antioxidant activity and major isoflavonoid contents of plant tubers indicated a significant correlation only with puerarin and a significant lack of correlation with daidzin, daidzein and genistein.
    Phytomedicine 02/2008; 15(1-2):38-43. · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • Planta Medica - PLANTA MED. 01/2008; 74(09).
  • Wichai CHERDSHEWASART, Virasinee TRAISUP, Porntipa PICHA
    Journal of Reproduction and Development - J REPROD DEV. 01/2008; 54(1):63-67.
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    Wichai Cherdshewasart, Suttijit Sriwatcharakul
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    ABSTRACT: Pueraria mirifica is a tuberous plant enriched with active phytoestrogens. There is no established information about the factors influencing isoflavonoid storage in the tubers. We investigated the tuberous storage of the major isoflavonoids of 1-year-old plants. Four cultivars of P. mirifica were cultivated in the same field trial during the same period to establish a unique plant age and differentiation under the same environment and soil conditions. The tubers collected from the 1-year-old plants in the summer, rainy season and winter were submitted to an HPLC analysis with a gradient system comprising 0.1% acetic acid and acetonitrile. Five major isoflavonoids, puerarin, daidzin, genistin, daidzein and genistein, were adopted as standards. P. mirifica tubers of different cultivars collected in the same season exhibited significant differences in individual and total isoflavonoid contents, showing chemovariety. P. mirifica tubers of the same cultivar collected from different seasons also exhibited significant differences in individual and total isoflavonoid contents, showing the influence of season. In conclusion, the tuberous storage of major isoflavonoids in 1-year-cultivated plants was greatly diverse and was strongly influenced by the season and plant genetics.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 11/2007; 71(10):2527-33. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the effects of long-term administration of Pueraria mirifica (PM) at non-toxic doses on the ovarian function and fertility of adult female mice based on evaluation of hematological and biochemical parameters. Female mice were divided into 4 groups (36 mice/group). Groups 1-3 were orally treated with a dose of 0 (PM-0), 10 (PM-10) or 100 mg/kg BW/day PM (PM-100), and group 4 was subcutaneously injected with 200 mug/kg BW/day of synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES). The treatment schedule was separated into treatment and post-treatment periods. The duration of each period was 8 weeks. The PM-10 mice exhibited regular estrous cycles, while the PM-100 and DES treatments induced prolonged estrous cycles. Although no changes were observed in the uterus and ovary weights of the mice after the PM-100 and DES treatments, hyperplasia of the uterine endothelium and a decrease in the number of growing ovarian follicles were detected. The changes in the ovarian histologies of the PM-100 and DES mice were related to reductions in the levels of LH and FSH, which subsequently caused a decrease in mating efficiency. Once the PM mice were able to copulate, they were capable of successfully becoming pregnant and mothering offspring. No abnormalities were observed in the external morphologies and reproductive organ weights of the 50-day-old offspring. In conclusion, our results suggest that long-term exposure to 100 mg/kg BW of PM has adverse effects on the mating efficiency and reproduction of adult female mice and that administration of 10 mg/kg BW of PM does not induce any changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian-uterine axis.
    Journal of Reproduction and Development 11/2007; 53(5):995-1005. · 1.76 Impact Factor
  • Wichai Cherdshewasart, Rattana Panriansaen, Porntipa Picha
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    ABSTRACT: Phytoestrogens have been reported to exhibit antiproliferation to human breast cancer cells in vitro. We tested the phytoestrogen-rich, Pueraria mirifica against rat breast cancer induction in vivo. The weanling female Spargue-Dawley rats were pretreated with P. mirifica tuberous powder at a dosage of 0, 10, 100 and 1000 mg/kg BW/day for four consecutive weeks. Mammary tumor development was then induced with a single dose of 7,12-DMBA, 80 mg/kg BW, followed by a weekly examination for size and multiplicity of mammary tumors for 20 weeks and finally a necropsy. Mammary tissues were investigated for the virulence of tumor and also monoclonal antibody stained against ERalpha and ERbeta. Pretreatment of 1000 mg/(kgBWday) of P. mirifica tuberous powder resulted in decreasing of the virulence of rat tumor development. The mammary tumor tissues exhibited lower profile of ERalpha and ERbeta as well as ERalpha/ERbeta. P. mirifica exhibited prevention of 7,12-DMBA-induced rat mammary tumors, with a proposed mechanism of strong competitive binding of its phytoestrogens to ERalpha and/or synthesis suppressor of ERalpha.
    Maturitas 11/2007; 58(2):174-81. · 2.84 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

358 Citations
477 Downloads
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66.14 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2010
    • Chulalongkorn University
      • Department of Biology
      Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2009
    • Mahidol University
      • Department of Biotechnology
      Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2007
    • Gifu University
      • Department of Basic Veterinary Science
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan
  • 2006
    • Srinakharinwirot University
      • Department of Physiology
      Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand