Kimihiko Moriya

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (43)81.16 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the contribution of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells to the changes in bladder morphology in response to partial bladder outlet obstruction. Allogenic bone marrow cells were transplanted from transgenic rats expressing green fluorescent protein into female Sprague-Dawley rats 1 day after their bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells had been destroyed by irradiation. This generated chimeric rats in which green fluorescent protein labeled bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells replaced host bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. The animals received partial bladder outlet obstruction or sham surgery 6 weeks later. The animals were killed 6 weeks after the surgery, and bladder tissue was prepared for immunofluorescence with antibodies against a urothelium marker (AE1/AE3), a myofibroblast marker (vimentin), a smooth muscle marker and green fluorescent protein. More labeled bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were found in the partial bladder outlet obstruction group than in the in the sham group. Most bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were present around the basement membrane (laminin) and lamina propria below the urothelium. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were also found in the urothelium layer, and some of them were double-stained with green fluorescent protein and AE1/AE3. Some bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, which were located in the interstitial tissue, were double-stained with green fluorescent protein and vimentin. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, which migrated into the smooth muscle layer, showed fusiform morphology, and some were double-stained with green fluorescent protein and smooth muscle marker. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells home to the partial bladder outlet obstruction bladder, and these cells have the potential to differentiate into the several components of bladder tissue including the urothelium, myofibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Thus, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells contribute to the morphological changes of the bladder in response to partial bladder outlet obstruction.
    International Journal of Urology 03/2014; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives:We investigated relation of preoperative renal scar to incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis following ileocystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder.Patients:Thirty patients with neurogenic bladder, who underwent ileocystoplasty, were enrolled in the present study. Median age at ileocystoplasty was 13.9 years and median follow-up period after ileocystoplasty was 8.2 years. Metabolic acidosis was defined based on the outlined criteria: base excess (BE) is less than 0 mmol l(-1). Preoperative examination revealed that no apparent renal insufficiency was identified in blood analysis, although preoperative (99m)Tc-DMSA scintigraphy indicated abnormalities such as renal scar in 14 patients (47%). Incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis was compared between patients with and without preoperative renal scar, which may reflect some extent of renal tubular damage.Results:Postoperative metabolic acidosis was identified in 13 patients (43%). Incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis was significantly higher in patients with renal scar (11/14, 79%) compared with patients without renal scar (2/16, 13%; P<0.01). Particularly, all eight patients who had bilateral renal scars showed metabolic acidosis postoperatively. Compared with patients without preoperative renal scar, pH (P<0.05) and BE (P<0.01) were significantly lower postoperatively in patients with preoperative renal scar. However, there was no significant difference in PCO2. Hyperchloremia was observed in each patient with or without preoperative renal scar.Conclusion:Incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis was significantly implicated in preoperative renal scar. If renal abnormalities are preoperatively identified in imaging tests, we need to care patients carefully regarding metabolic acidosis and subsequent comorbidities following ileocystoplasty.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 28 January 2014; doi:10.1038/sc.2013.175.
    Spinal Cord 01/2014; · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To review laparoscopy in patients with disorders of sex development (DSD) in order to clarify its usefulness in diagnosis, devising subsequent therapeutic strategies and managing patients with various conditions. Patients and Methods Between April 1992 and December 2012, 29 laparoscopic surgeries were performed in 25 DSD patients. Among them, ten were diagnostic laparoscopy including gonadal biopsy, and 19 were therapeutic laparoscopy. Surgical procedures and complications were evaluated. Results For diagnostic laparoscopy, laparoscopic gonadal biopsy was performed in three patients. Inspection, with or without open gonadal biopsy, was performed on four out of seven patients with 46XY DSD or mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD). Additional surgery was planned and performed based on diagnostic laparoscopic findings in six out of seven patients. In the three patients with ovotesticular DSD, the gonadal pathology was diagnosed as: testis/ovary in one, testis/ovotestis in one and ovary/ovotestis in one – this was from the laparoscopic inspection and gonadal biopsy. However, the final diagnoses were bilateral ovotestis in two patients and ovary/ovotestis in one patient. For therapeutic laparoscopy, surgical procedures were: gonadectomy in 17 patients (bilateral in 13, unilateral in three, partial in two); hysterectomy in two patients; orchiopexy in one; and sigmoid vaginoplasty in one patient (included multiple procedures). There were no severe perioperative complications. In the four patients with a history of diagnostic laparoscopy, no severe intra-abdominal adhesions that would disturb therapeutic laparoscopic surgery were observed. Conclusion While diagnostic laparoscopy was helpful in devising a therapeutic surgical strategy in most of the patients with DSD who were suspected as having complex gonadal status or Müllerian duct derivatives, attention must be paid to precisely diagnosing the gonadal status in ovotesticular DSD. On the other hand, therapeutic laparoscopic surgeries were valuable procedures in treating DSD patients, even with a history of previous diagnostic laparoscopy.
    Journal of Pediatric Urology. 01/2014;
  • Journal of Urology - J UROL. 01/2011; 185(4).
  • Journal of Urology - J UROL. 01/2011; 185(4).
  • Journal of Urology - J UROL. 01/2011; 185(4).
  • Urology 01/2011; 78(3). · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2011; 10(2):291-291.
  • Urology 01/2011; 78(3). · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reports of pubertal hormonal and gonadal status in patients with hypospadias are scarce. We evaluated the pituitary-gonadal axis and gonadal growth in patients with hypospadias at puberty. We retrospectively reviewed serum luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, testosterone and testicular volume at puberty (age 15 years or greater) in the medical charts of patients with hypospadias treated since 1986 and followed at our institution. Enrolled in this study were 43 patients with a mean age at evaluation of 17.6 years (range 15.1 to 22.8). Of these patients 14 and 29 were treated for mild and severe hypospadias, respectively. Six patients with severe hypospadias underwent bilateral orchiopexy for bilateral undescended testes. All patients were Tanner stage 4 to 5 at evaluation. Of 14 mild hypospadias cases we noted hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, decreased luteinizing hormone and decreased testosterone in 1 each (7% each). Of 23 severe hypospadias cases without bilateral undescended testes we noted hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, partial androgen insensitivity syndrome and decreased testosterone in 2 (9%), 1 (4%) and 1 (4%), respectively. Of 6 patients with severe hypospadias and bilateral undescended testes we noted hypergonadotropic hypogonadism in 1 (17%) and increased luteinizing hormone with normal testosterone in 2 (33%). Testicular volume less than 10 ml with increased follicle-stimulating hormone was identified in 7 of 43 patients, including 1 of 14 (7%) with mild hypospadias, 3 of 23 (13%) with severe hypospadias without bilateral undescended testes and 3 of 6 (50%) with severe hypospadias and bilateral undescended testes. Our study revealed endocrine dysfunction in patients with mild and severe hypospadias at puberty even without an undescended testis. Of these patients those with severe hypospadias and an undescended testis may be at higher risk for impaired spermatogenesis.
    The Journal of urology 10/2010; 184(4 Suppl):1610-4. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypospadias is a common congenital anomaly caused by incomplete fusion of urethral folds. Development of the urethra and external genital system in the male fetus is an androgen-dependent process. In this regard, enzymes 17 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (17 β HSD3, encoded by HSD17B3) and steroid 5 α-reductase type 2 (encoded by SRD5A2) play crucial roles. To investigate the possible associations between common polymorphisms in HSD17B3 as well as well-known V89L polymorphism in SRD5A2 and risk of hypospadias. A case-control study was performed between 1999 and 2005. There were 89 Japanese boys with hypospadias and 291 newborn controls. We genotyped HSD17B3-1999T>C, +10A>G, +20A>G, +139G>A (V31I), +913G>A (G289S), and SRD5A2+336G>C (V89L) polymorphisms by allelic discrimination assay. We measured mRNA expression of the wildtype G289 allele and the mutant S289 allele of the HSD17B3 gene in the transfected human fetal kidney HEK293 cells. Assessment of hypospadias including its severity and HSD17B3 and SRD5A2 genes using DNA blood samples: allele and genotype distribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms in these two genes in cases and controls. In our study, the risk of hypospadias was significantly higher in subjects carrying homozygous HSD17B3+913A (289S) alleles (odds ratio [OR]: 3.06; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.38-6.76). The risk of severe hypospadias was much higher in these subjects (OR: 3.93; 95% CI: 1.34-11.49). The mRNA expression levels of HSD17B3 G289 were higher than those of HSD17B3 S289 mutant (P < 0.001). In addition, the risk of severe hypospadias increased in boys carrying the SRD5A2+336C (89L) allele (OR: 3.19; 95% CI: 1.09-9.36). These results suggest that the HSD17B3 G289S polymorphism may be a potential risk modifier for hypospadias. Our findings provide evidence that a certain genotype related to androgen production may potentiate risk of hypospadias.
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 08/2010; 7(8):2729-38. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A rare case of urethral construction using flipped anterior bladder wall tube in an 8-year-old girl with complete disruption of the urethra and vagina accompanying pelvic fracture was reported. Following a split of the pubic symphysis, the vagina was reconstructed with end-to-end anastomosis. The neourethra was constructed tubularizing and flipping anterior bladder wall flap caudally to proximal site of the original urethra after fascial sling procedure. After catheter removal, this girl has been continent and voided normally. In conclusion, flipped anterior bladder wall tube technique for urethral construction is suitable in prepubertal girls with complete disruption of the urethra.
    Urology 10/2009; 76(1):112-4. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated factors affecting the breakthrough urinary tract infection rate during prophylactic antibiotic treatment in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. Medical charts were retrospectively reviewed in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux diagnosed at age 12 months or less who received prophylactic antibiotics and underwent (99m)Tc-dimercapto-succinic acid scan. Parameters assessed for their relation to breakthrough urinary tract infection were gender, presenting symptoms, age at presentation, prophylactic antibiotic type, reflux grade at presentation and scan findings. Enrolled in the study were 52 boys and 6 girls with a mean age at presentation of 3.7 months and a mean followup of 42.5 months. Urinary tract infection was a presenting symptom in 46 children. Low reflux grade (1-3) was identified in 18 children and 40 had high grade reflux (4-5). Abnormal (99m)Tc-dimercapto-succinic acid scan was documented in 36 children (62%). During followup breakthrough vesicoureteral reflux developed in 12 children, including 11 of 36 (31%) with an abnormal scan but only 1 of 22 (5%) with a normal scan (p = 0.021). The breakthrough urinary tract infection-free rate during followup was significantly lower in children with an abnormal scan (p = 0.033). Other factors were not significantly associated with the breakthrough urinary tract infection rate. Abnormal (99m)Tc-dimercapto-succinic acid scan may be a factor predicting breakthrough urinary tract infection in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. Prophylactic antibiotics may have a limited treatment role in children with an abnormal scan.
    The Journal of urology 09/2009; 182(4 Suppl):1694-7. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the long-term outcome of vaginoplasty with the bilateral labioscrotal flap with special emphasis on vaginal stenosis. Of 23 children with ambiguous genitalia and low vaginal entry who underwent vaginoplasty between January 1985 and July 2003 with the bilateral labioscrotal flap 13 followed more than 5 years after surgery who were 10 years old or older at the most recent evaluation were included in this long-term outcome study. Vaginal caliber was estimated according to a previously described assessment system adopted for vaginoplasty results. The underlying disease was congenital adrenal hyperplasia in 11 cases, mixed gonadal dysgenesis in 1 and ovotesticular sexual development disorder in 1. Mean age at vaginoplasty and at the most recent evaluation was 3.8 (range 2.0 to 12.9) and 14.6 years (range 10.9 to 21.5), respectively. Vaginal caliber at the most recent evaluation was adequate in 6 patients (46%), stenotic in 5 (39%) and strictured in 2 (15%). Three of the 7 patients diagnosed with stricture or stenosis were diagnosed at age less than 12 years. One of these patients diagnosed with stricture was treated with dilation and the other 2 patients were observed. These patients had no trouble with menstruation. Four patients diagnosed with stricture or stenosis at age 14 years or older were treated surgically with dilation in 1 and perineal flap vaginoplasty in 3. They showed adequate vaginal caliber at 3 to 31 months of followup. In 7 patients evaluated at the beginning of puberty and several years later vaginal caliber had enlarged in 5 but remained unchanged in 2. To our knowledge this is the first report of the long-term outcome of vaginoplasty with the bilateral labioscrotal flap. Although vaginal stenosis/stricture was observed at puberty in about half of the patients, severe stricture was uncommon. Serial evaluation for vaginal stenosis/stricture at the beginning of puberty for menstruation and several years later for vaginal intercourse is recommended in patients treated with vaginal reconstruction.
    The Journal of urology 09/2009; 182(4 Suppl):1876-81. · 4.02 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Pediatric Surgery 05/2009; 19(6):409-10. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and their impact on quality of life (QOL) in patients having undergone renal transplantation (RTX). Forty-three patients (25 males and 18 females; age 20-68 years) undergoing RTX at Hokkaido University Hospital were included in this study. Median follow-up after RTX was 41 months (range 6-184). Pre-transplant dialysis had been carried out in 38 patients (median: 4.3 years, range: 1 month-31 years). All patients were assessed by uroflowmetry (UFM), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), 24 h bladder diary, and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). QOL score and King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) were used for the assessment of LUTS-related QOL. Mean fluid intake volume and urine output volume for 24 h were 2136 mL (1150-3430 mL) and 2446 mL (1336-4733 mL), respectively. Voiding dysfunction assessed by UFM and PVR was observed in 12 patients (28%) showing higher IPSS. QOL score and overall QOL in KHQ were not different between patients with and without voiding dysfunction. Although 19 (49%) had polyuria, 20 (51%) had nocturnal polyuria, which affected nocturia in IPSS as well as sleep/energy disturbances in KHQ compared with patients without nocturnal polyuria. Patients having RTX frequently present voiding dysfunction and nocturia basically caused by nocturnal polyuria. We should focus on LUTS in these patients to provide an appropriate management.
    International Journal of Urology 03/2009; 16(4):388-92. · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2009; 8(4):342-342.
  • Journal of Urology - J UROL. 01/2009; 181(4):312-313.
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the outcomes of augmentation ileocystoplasty in video-urodynamics (V-UDS) and questionnaires related to bowel and urinary function.Methods:In 22 meningomyelocele (MMC) patients (11 male and 11 female, a mean age at surgery 14.4 years) who underwent augmentation ileocystoplasties, V-UDS was performed before and at a median of 15 months (6-120 months) after the surgery and the questionnaires were answered at a median of 7.1 years (1.1-14.5 years) after surgery. Concomitant procedures of urethral sling in four, cecostomy in four and ureteral reimplantation in two were performed at augmentation ileocystoplasty. V-UDS showed a significant improvement after the surgery in bladder capacity, bladder compliance and detrusor overactivity. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) disappeared after the surgery in 16 of 19 ureters with VUR. Although questionnaire for urinary condition using International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form demonstrated that 80% of patients were completely free from urinary incontinence after surgery, more than a half of patients had persistent or deteriorated bowel function such as urgency of bowel movement and fecal incontinence in questionnaires for bowel function. Even with complaints in bowel function, more than 80% of MMC patients had a high level of satisfaction with augmentation enterocystoplasty in overall quality of life (QOL). Benefits of augmentation ileocystoplasty were maintained in urodynamic parameters as well as urinary continence. Although augmentation ileocystoplasty generally provides high QOL for MMC patients refractory to conservative therapies, an advance of fecal management can make MMC patients' QOL superior to a current state.
    Spinal Cord 07/2008; 46(6):432-7. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The etiology of hypospadias is regarded as a complex disorder with both genetic and environmental contributions. Although alterations in androgen activity have been associated with hypospadias, few associations with estrogen activity have been documented. Here, we assessed genetic polymorphisms in estrogen receptor genes and their association with hypospadias. Using a case-control study of 59 cases with hypospadias and 286 controls, we examined the association of hypospadias with the following polymorphisms: PvuII and XbaI in ESR1, and 2681-4A>G in ESR2. For the cases, we found a negative association with the G allele containing variants of ESR1 XbaI (OR = 0.52, P < 0.05), and a negative association with the G allele containing variants of ESR2 2681-4A>G (OR = 0.59, P < 0.05). For the cases, we also identified a negative association with the CG haplotype, and a positive association with the CA haplotype, defined by ESR1 PvuII and XbaI (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that the G allele containing variants of ESR1 XbaI and the G allele containing variants of ESR2 2681-4A>G may decrease the risk of hypospadias, whereas the ESR1 C-A haplotype may increase its risk.
    Human Reproduction 07/2008; 23(6):1466-71. · 4.67 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

141 Citations
7 Downloads
2k Views
81.16 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Hokkaido University
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 2008
    • Hokkaido University Hospital
      • Division of Urology
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan