W S Shin

The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan

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Publications (42)202.92 Total impact

  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 12/2006; 786(1):233 - 244. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the role of prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) in the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM)-1 following interleukin-1beta (IL-1) stimulation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) transfected with lipocaline-type PGD(2) synthase (L-PGDS) genes. HUVEC were isolated from human umbilical vein and incubated with 20 U/ml IL-1 and various concentrations of authentic PGD(2). The isolated HUVEC were also transfected with L-PGDS genes by electroporation. The L-PGDS-transfected HUVEC were used to investigate the role of endogenous PGD(2) in IL-1-stimulated VCAM-1 biosynthesis. We also used an anti-PGD(2) antibody to examine whether an intracrine mechanism was involved in VCAM-1 production. PGD(2) and VCAM-1 levels were determined by radio- and cell surface enzyme-immunoassay, respectively. VCAM-1 mRNA was assessed by RT-PCR. IL-1-stimulated VCAM-1 expression by HUVEC was dose-dependently inhibited by authentic PGD(2). L-PGDS gene-transfected HUVEC produced more PGD(2) than HUVEC transfected with the reporter gene alone. IL-1 induced increases in VCAM-1 expression in HUVEC transfected with reporter genes alone. However, this effect was significantly attenuated in the case of IL-1 stimulation of HUVEC transfected with L-PGDS genes, and accompanied by an apparent suppression of VCAM-1 mRNA expression. Neutralization of extracellular PGD(2) by anti-PGD(2)-specific antibody influenced neither VCAM-1 mRNA expression nor VCAM-1 biosynthesis. In conclusion, HUVEC transfected with L-PGDS genes showed increased PGD(2) synthesis. This increase was associated with attenuation of both VCAM-1 expression and VCAM-1 mRNA expression. The results suggest that endogenous PGD(2) decreases VCAM-1 expression and VCAM-1 mRNA expression, probably through an intracrine mechanism.
    Life Sciences 12/2005; 78(1):22-9. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: • The effects of extracellular pH (pHo) on receptor (vasopressin or endothelin-l)-mediated Ca2+ entry and Ca2+-permeable channels were investigated in aortic smooth muscle cells (A7r5) from rat embryonic thoracic aorta. Intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) was measured using fura-2 AM and whole-cell voltage clamp techniques were employed. • Vasopressin and endothelin-1 (100 nM) in the presence of nicardipine (10 M) evoked a sustained rise in [Ca2+]i due to calcium entry. Extracellular acidosis decreased receptor (vasopressin or endothelin-l)-mediated Ca2+ entry, while extracellular alkalosis potentiated it. • Depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores with thapsigargin (1 M) also evoked Ca2+ entry activated by emptying of intracellular Ca2+ stores (capacitative Ca2+ entry). Extracellular acidosis decreased this capacitative Ca2+ entry, while extracellular alkalosis potentiated it. • Under voltage-clamp conditions with Cs+ internal solution, vasopressin and endothelin-1 activated non-selective cation currents (Icat). Ba2+ or Ca2+ were also charge carriers of Icat. Reducing the pHo inhibited Icat, while increasing pHo potentiated it in a reversible manner. • Intracellular pH (pHi) changes did not cause the same marked effects as pHo changes, and a high concentration of Hepes (50 mM) in the patch pipette did not inhibit the effects of pHo on Icat. • Similar results were obtained when Icat was activated by GTPS (1 mM) applied through the patch pipette, even in the absence of agonists, probably because of direct activation of GTP-binding proteins coupled to the receptors. • In cells treated with thapsigargin, addition of Ca2+ to the bath solution induced Ca2+-dependent K+ currents activated by capacitative Ca2+ entry. However, no measurable ionic currents activated by capacitative Ca2+ entry (ICRAC) were observed under conditions with Cs+ internal solution and EGTA (5 mM), although vasopressin still activated Icat. • These results suggest that the contractile agonists vasopressin and endothelin-1 evoke Ca2+ entry through two different types of Ca2+-permeable channel (Icat and ICRAC) and pHo affects these channels, which may modulate receptor-mediated Ca2+ influx in A7r5 cells. Thus, pH-induced changes of these channels may play a pathophysiological role in the control of receptor-mediated contractions.
    The Journal of Physiology 09/2004; 503(2):237 - 251. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reliable, efficient and cost-effective modalities are urgently needed for mass screening of gene mutations. Previous reports have shown that SSCP or genechip methods require substantial time and monetary costs, thus limiting their appeal. Sequence Specific Primer Polymerase Chain Reaction (SSP-PCR) is a reliable and cost-effective method that utilizes the 3'-end discrimination properties of polymerase. However, the applicability of conventional SSP-PCR is limited due to the difficulties associated with determining optimal conditions and because mis-matched primers are amplified, resulting in signal noise during end-point assay. To overcome this problem, we eliminated the reverse primers from SSP-PCR, thus preventing amplification of mis-matched primers. We designated this method Sequence-Specific Primer Cycle Elongation (SSPCE). However, the detection of elongated sequence specific primers was difficult using conventional electrophoresis due to the small amounts of amplification product present. We therefore combined SSPCE and Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy, which is a novel technique used to determine the number and size of fluorophores at nano-molar concentrations, and designated the method SSPCE-FCS. We compared conventional SSP-PCR and SSPCE-FCS with regard to determining optimal conditions using two Mitochondrial SNPs (G --> A at position 1598, G --> A at position 12192). We were able to determine the optimal conditions for the SNP at position 1598 using either method. However, optimal conditions could only be determined for SSPCE-FCS with the 12192 mutation because non-specific amplification was observed at a wide range of annealing temperatures in SSP-PCR. We then applied this method to three other SNPs and the results were consistent with the results of sequencing data.
    Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 12/2003; 4(6):477-84. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proinflammatry cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha combined with interleukin-1beta, induce excessive production of nitric oxide (NO) and its cytotoxic metabolite peroxynitrite (ONOO-) via inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in murine osteoblasts. In this study, to properly estimate the effects of antisense DNA of iNOS on osteoblastic activity, we produced transformed cell lines with antisense plasmid that specifically targets the iNOS gene for potential long-lasting inhibition. Transformed antisense cell lines were identified by 1) the detection of antisense transcripts, 2) the attenuated expression of iNOS protein, 3) the reduction of NO synthase activity, and 4) the level of NO production. These cell lines targeting iNOS, which showed decreased production of both NO and ONOO-, prevented the inhibition of osteoblastic differentiation as was assayed by the mRNA expression of type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and Core binding factor in the presence of proinflammatory cytokines. Present results indicate that the antisense DNA plasmid of iNOS is potent to reduce the cytokine-induced inhibition of osteoblastic activity.
    AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism 10/2003; 285(3):E614-21. · 4.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A two-dimensional intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) imaging system was used to examine the relationship between [Ca(2+)](i) handling and the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells. The resting [Ca(2+)](i) level in densely cultured cells was 1.5 times higher than the [Ca(2+)](i) level in sparsely cultured cells or in other cell types (mouse fibroblasts, rat vascular smooth muscle cells, and bovine endothelial cells). A high resting [Ca(2+)](i) level may be specific for MC3T3-E1 cells. MC3T3-E1 cells were stimulated with ATP (10 microM), caffeine (10 mM), thapsigargin (1 microM), or ionomycin (10 microM), and the effect on the [Ca(2+)](i) level of MC3T3-E1 cells was studied. The percentage of responding cells and the degree of [Ca(2+)](i) elevation were high in the sparsely cultured cells and low in densely cultured cells. The rank order for the percentage of responding cells and magnitude of the Ca(2+) response to the stimuli was ionomycin > thapsigargin = ATP > caffeine and suggests the existence of differences among the various [Ca(2+)](i) channels. All Ca(2+) responses in the sparsely cultured MC3T3-E1 cells, unlike in other cell types, disappeared after the cells reached confluence. Heptanol treatment of densely cultured cells restored the Ca(2+) response, suggesting that cell-cell contact is involved with the confluence-dependent disappearance of the Ca(2+) response. Immunohistological analysis of type 1 inositol trisphosphate receptors and electron microscopy showed distinct expression of inositol trisphosphate receptor proteins and smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum in sparsely cultured cells but reduced levels in densely cultured cells. These results indicate that the underlying basis of confluence-dependent [Ca(2+)](i) regulation is down-regulation of smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum by cell-cell contacts.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2003; 278(8):6433-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the role of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) in the formation of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 following interleukin-1beta (IL-1) stimulation in bovine endothelial cells (EC) transfected with lipocaline-type PGD2 synthase (L-PGDS) genes. EC were isolated from bovine thoracic aorta and incubated with 20 U/ml IL-1 and various concentrations of authentic PGD2. The isolated EC were also transfected with L-PGDS genes by electroporation. The L-PGDS-transfected EC were used to investigate the role of endogenous PGD2 in IL-1 stimulated PAI-1 biosynthesis. We also used an anti-PGD2 antibody to examine whether an intracrine mechanism was involved in PAI-1 production. PGD2 and PAI-1 levels were determined by radio- and enzyme-immunoassay, respectively. PAI-1 mRNA was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. IL-1 stimulated PAI-1 production by EC was dose-dependently inhibited by authentic PGD2 at concentrations greater than 10-6 mol/l. L-PGDS gene-transfected EC produced more PGD2 than EC transfected with the reporter gene alone. IL-1 induced increases in PAI-1 production in EC transfected with reporter genes alone. However, this effect was significantly attenuated in the case of IL-1 stimulation of EC transfected with L-PGDS genes, and accompanied by an apparent suppression of PAI-1 mRNA expression. The effects of PGD2 on PAI-I formation were reversed to the basal levels by the inhibition of synthesis of endogenous PGD2. Neutralization of extracellular PGD2 by anti-PGD2 antibody influenced neither PAI-1 mRNA expression nor PAI-1 biosynthesis. EC transfected with L-PGDS genes increased PGD2 synthesis. This was associated with attenuation of both PAI-1 formation and PAI-1 mRNA expression. It is suggested that endogenous PGD2 decreases PAI-1 synthesis and PAI-1 mRNA expression, probably through an intracrine mechanism.
    Journal of Hypertension 08/2002; 20(7):1347-54. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interferon (IFN)-gamma facilitates cellular immune response, in part, by inducing the expression of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) molecules. We demonstrate that IFN-gamma induces the expression of HLA-DRA in vascular endothelial cells via mechanisms involving reactive oxygen species. IFN-gamma-induced HLA-DRA expression was inhibited by nitric oxide (NO) and antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, and N-acetylcysteine. Nuclear run-on assays demonstrated that NO and antioxidants inhibited IFN-gamma-induced HLA-DRA gene transcription. Transient transfection studies using a fully functional HLA-DRA promoter construct ([-300]DR alpha.CAT) showed that inhibition of endogenous NO synthase activity by N(omega)-monomethyl-l-arginine or addition of exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) augmented basal and IFN-gamma-stimulated [-300]DR alpha.CAT activity. However, H(2)O(2) and N(omega)-monomethyl-l-arginine could induce HLA-DRA expression suggesting that H(2)O(2) is a necessary but not a sufficient mediator of IFN-gamma-induced HLA-DRA expression. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and Western blotting demonstrated that NO and antioxidants had little or no effect on IFN-gamma-induced IRF-1 activation or MHC-II transactivator (CIITA) expression but did inhibit IFN-gamma-induced activation of STAT1 alpha (p91) and Y box transcription factors, NF-Y(A) and NF-Y(B). These results indicate that NO and antioxidants may attenuate vascular inflammation by antagonizing the effects of intracellular reactive oxygen species generation by IFN-gamma, which is necessary for MHC-II gene transcription.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2002; 277(29):26460-7. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 02/2002; 188:347-57. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TO-2 strain hamsters with dilated cardiomyopathy, gene deletion of δ-sarcoglycan (SG) and no expression of α-, β-, γ-, and δ-SG proteins are useful for developing the potential gene therapy of intractable heart failure. We prepared recombinant adeno-associated virus vector including normal δ-SG gene driven by CMV promoter and intramurally administered in vivo. The transfected myocardium induced robust expression of both transcript and transgene for 2/3 period of the animal's life expectancy. Immunostaining demonstrated reexpression of not only δ-SG but also other three SGs in 40% cells in the transfected region and normalization of the diameter of transduced cardiomyocytes. Hemodynamic study revealed preferential amelioration of the diastolic indices (LVEDP, the dP/dtmin and CVP). These results provide the first evidence that supplementation of a specific gene with efficient and sustained transfection capability restores the genetic, morphological, and functional deteriorations.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2001; 284(2):431-435. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the relationship between variation in mtDNA and the development of cardiomyopathy (CM), the complete sequences of mtDNAs of two brothers with dilated CM were compared with those of 181 patients who had CM and with those of 168 control subjects. Five patients with CM shared a novel homoplasmic point mutation (G12192A tRNA(His)), and all of them demonstrated the evolutionarily related D-loop sequence. The results suggest that this novel mutation originated from the same ancestor and that its presence strongly predisposes carriers to CM.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 01/2001; 67(6):1617-20. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the roles of nitric oxide (NO) and its metabolite, peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), on osteoblastic activation, we investigated the effects of a NO donor [ethanamine, 2, 2'-(hydroxynitrosohydrazono)bis- (dNO)], an O(-2) donor (pyrogallol), and an ONOO(-) scavenger (urate) on alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity and osteocalcin gene expression, which are indexes of osteoblastic differentiation. dNO elevated ALPase activity in the osteogenic MC3T3-E1 cell line. The combination of dNO and pyrogallol reduced both ALPase activity and osteocalcin gene expression. Because both indexes were recovered by urate, ONOO(-), unlike NO itself, inhibited the osteoblastic differentiation. Furthermore, treatment with a combination of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) was found to yield ONOO(-) as well as NO and O(-2). The reductions in ALPase activity and osteocalcin gene expression were also restored by urate. We conclude that ONOO(-) produced by TNF-alpha and IL-1beta, but not NO per se, would overcome the stimulatory effect of NO on osteoblastic activity and inhibit osteoblastic differentiation.
    AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism 07/2000; 278(6):E1031-7. · 4.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcolemma integrity is stabilized by the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex that connects actin and laminin-2 in contractile machinery and the extracellular matrix, respectively. Interruption of the connection by the primary gene defect or acquired pathological burden can cause cardiac failure. The purposes of the present study were to verify whether dystrophin is disrupted in acute myocardial injury after the isoproterenol overload (10 mg/kg) and to examine its relation to myocardial cell apoptosis in rats. This injury from 4-16 h at the subendocardium was accompanied by dystrophin disruption and dislocation from subsarcolemma to cytoplasm, which were confirmed by immunohistology and Western blotting. However, delta-sarcoglycan was thoroughly preserved in sarcolemma. The dystrophin degradation preceded the appearance of apoptotic cells and exactly coincided with the transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling-positive cardiomyocytes (TUNEL), as was verified by double-staining. These data suggest that beta-adrenergic stimulation induces dystrophin breakdown followed by apoptosis.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 02/2000; 36 Suppl 2:S25-9. · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • W S Shin, T Toyo-oka
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) anomaly was emerging as a cause of idiopathic cardiomyopathy in addition to sarcomeric gene mutation. Meanwhile, several point mutations and deletions in mtDNA initially recognized as major causes of mitochondrial encephalomyopathies are now clarified to share 1% cause of diabetes mellitus. These results indicate that mtDNA mutations will be a significant candidate for cardiomyopathies. Screening of cardiomyopathic patients with mtDNA point mutations revealed that there were at least several % of mtDNA anomaly (MELAS type) among them. They also showed specific findings in ultrastructures of the cardiac muscle.
    Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 02/2000; 58(1):129-33.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to elucidate whether left precordial negative T waves are electrocardiographic indicators for the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) even in the presence of complete right bundle branch block (CRBBB). In 7 consecutive patients with CRBBB accompanied by negative T waves in at least one of the left precordial leads (V4, V5, V6, maximal negativity; 1.06 +/- 0.40 mVol) (left precordial negative T wave group) and in 15 randomly selected CRBBB patients without left precordial T wave inversions (control group), echocardiography was performed to rule out underlying diseases causing left ventricular overload and to identify candidates for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. None had anginal pain indicating ischemic heart disease. When 2-dimensional echocardiography indicated left ventricular hypertrophy with wall thickness > or = 15 mm, the magnitude and distribution of hypertrophy were scrutinized on contiguous left ventricular MR short-axis images. The diagnostic criterion of HCM was the demonstration of hypertrophy with a wall thickness of 20 mm or more on the left ventricular MR short-axis images. All patients in the left precordial negative T wave group had negative T waves in both I (negativity; 0.27 +/- 0.17 mVol) and aVL (negativity; 0.23 +/- 0.14 mVol), whereas none in the control group did. The diagnostic criterion for HCM was fulfilled in six patients in the left precordial negative T wave group. However there were no patients who fulfilled the criterion in the control group. Negative T waves were recorded in the I (negativity; 0.30 +/- 0.17 mVol), aVL (negativity; 0.25 +/- 0.14 mVol), V4 (negativity; 1.03 +/- 0.46 mVol), V5 (negativity; 0.83 +/- 0.37 mVol) and V6 leads (negativity; 0.31 +/- 0.31 mVol) in all patients with HCM, while they were recorded in only 6% of the patients without HCM. In conclusion, the existence of left precordial negative T waves in the presence of CRBBB strongly indicates HCM.
    Japanese Heart Journal 11/1999; 40(6):745-53. · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The delta-sarcoglycan (SG) gene is deleted in hamsters with hereditary cardiomyopathies. Immunological analyses of heart before, but not after, the progression of cardiomyopathy (CM) revealed that the BIO 14.6 strain, a model of hypertrophic CM, heterogeneously preserved alpha- and gamma-SG with loss of beta- and delta-SG. In contrast, the TO-2 strain, a model of dilated CM, did not show either SG. Furthermore, in vivo transfer of the full length delta-SG gene to TO-2 hearts expressed all four SGs. Thus, this age- and strain-dependent features suggest a more feasible setting for TO-2 than BIO 14.6 to verify both CM progression and the efficacy of gene therapy.
    FEBS Letters 10/1999; 458(3):405-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both efficient gene transfer and the exact identification of gene product are required for gene therapy. Gene transfection of green fluorescence protein (GFP) might be useful for the reporter. After in vivo cotransfection of GFP and beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal) genes in Sendai virus-coated proteoliposomes to rat hearts, we compared the sensitivity and specificity of three methods: GFP detection, histochemical staining (HC) of beta-Gal activity, and immunostaining (IS) of the beta-Gal protein. Fluorescence microscopy and double staining of HC and IS revealed that both GFP and IS were equally sensitive and fourfold superior to HC at the peak of gene expression. However, different from skeletal muscle, the GFP of transfected cardiomyocytes showed two demerits: the fluorescence quenching due to the intense staining of beta-Gal activity, and nonspecific autofluorescence from myocardium. Thus, specific IS would be so far the most reliable to identify the gene product in heart.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/1999; 259(2):408-13. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A long-term follow-up study with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging was undertaken to detect the morphological onset and to establish the early diagnosis in apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). A spadelike configuration on left ventriculogram (LVG) is regarded as a diagnostic criterion for the classical apical HCM. There also exists a segmented hypertrophy at the apical level without indicating the spadelike features (a nonspade configuration). To detect the hypertrophied myocardium of the nonspade configuration, circumferential scrutiny of the apex is required. Although both configurations can be underlying causes of giant negative T waves, etiological relationship between the two is not clarified. The criteria for the spadelike configuration defined on left ventricular short-axis NMR images were as follows: (apical maximal thickness > or = 15 mm), (apical anterior thickness over basal anterior thickness > or = 1.3) and (apical posterior thickness over basal posterior thickness > or =1.3). Thirteen patients who had predominant hypertrophy (> or = 15 mm) at the apical level without the spadelike configuration underwent NMR imaging twice before and after 54+/-10 months' follow-up. Apical hypertrophy that had been confined to the lateral wall in four, the anterior-lateral wall in two, and the septal-anterior wall in one developed to become circumferential hypertrophy that fulfilled the criteria for the spadelike configuration after the follow-up period. The spadelike configuration can begin with the nonspade configuration and therefore, both can constitute a single disease entity of apical HCM. The early diagnosis of apical HCM can be achieved by identifying the hypertrophy frequently confined to the lateral wall at the apical level.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 02/1999; 33(1):146-51. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our study was designed to assess the applicability of MR velocity mapping for vector analysis of the hemodynamics of atherogenesis. MR velocity mapping was used to measure axial and nonaxial elements and the length of the wall shear rate (a spatial gradient of near-wall flow velocity parallel to the vessel wall) vector at 16 time points per cardiac cycle at eight anatomic locations of the thoracic aorta in six healthy subjects. An oscillatory shear index (a ratio of blood flow volume in the recessive direction divided by the sum of blood flow volume in both dominant and recessive directions) was introduced for analysis of the degree of oscillation. The time-averaged length, axial element, and nonaxial element of the wall shear rate vector were 118+/-53 sec(-1), 106+/-55 sec(-1), and 33+/-23 sec(-1), respectively. The oscillatory shear index in the axial direction was 0.06+/-0.10 and that in the nonaxial direction was 0.07+/-0.13. At the inner wall of the distal portion of the aortic arch, the length of the wall shear rate was smallest (74+/-32 sec(-1)) and oscillation in the axial direction was largest (0.16+/-0.19). Vector analysis of the wall shear rate in the thoracic aorta was successfully done with MR velocity mapping in humans. MR velocity mapping can noninvasively evaluate the hemodynamics of atherogenesis induced by the complicated blood flow.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 12/1998; 171(5):1285-90. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This investigation was to assess the role of genetic loading of hypertensive parents in the determination of blood pressure (BP) in their normotensive offspring. The medical check-up data from 7279 Japanese university students aged 19.22 +/- 0.01 years were analysed of which 641 students had only one hypertensive parent with or without hypertensive grandparents, and from this number 609 cases were available for the present analysis. The BP in the students having only one hypertensive parent were in the normotensive range, but was significantly higher than in those students without hypertensive relatives. Analyses of the data from the students having only one hypertensive parent revealed that systolic BP (SBP) and body mass index (BMI) were higher in the male than in the female students. In addition, there were no differences in BP and BMI between the male students with a hypertensive father and the male students having a normotensive father. However, multivariate analyses revealed that BMI was an independent predictor of SBP solely in the male students having a hypertensive father, but not in the male students having a normotensive father. Such a relationship between BMI and BP determination was not observed in the female students with one hypertensive parent. It is suggested that there are different mechanisms for the determination of BP in normotensive offspring of hypertensive parents, and genetic loading of a hypertensive father plays a critical role in the determination of BP through BMI.
    Journal of Human Hypertension 08/1998; 12(7):441-5. · 2.82 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
202.92 Total Impact Points


  • 1989–2003
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Department of Oral-Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry and Orthodontics
      • • Faculty & Graduate School of Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Center for Health Service
      • • Division of Internal Medicine
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2001
    • Niigata University
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan
  • 1996
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      • Center for Brain Mind Medicine
      Boston, MA, United States