[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Facet joint pain is an important aspect of degenerative lumbar spine disease, and radiofrequency medial branch neurotomy remains an established therapy, while cryodenervation has still been poorly examined. This study was undertaken to examine the effects of medial branch cryodenervation in the treatment of lumbar facet joint pain. This was a prospective clinical case series. Patient selection was based on the history, physical examination and positive medial branch blocks. Percutaneous medial branch cryodenervation was performed using a Lloyd Neurostat 2000. Target parameters were low back pain (VAS), limitation of activity (McNab) and overall satisfaction. Fifty patients were recruited, and 46 completed the study. The follow-up time was 1 year. At 6 weeks, 33 patients (72%) were pain free or had major improvement of low back pain; 13 (28%) had no or little improvement. Including failures, mean low back pain decreased significantly from 7.7 preoperatively to 3.2 at 6 weeks, 3.3 at 3 months, 3.0 at 6 months and 4.2 at 12 months (P<0.0001). Limitation of the activities of daily living improved parallel to reduced pain. Our results suggest that medial branch cryodenervation is a safe and effective treatment for lumbar facet joint pain.
International Orthopaedics 08/2007; 31(4):525-30. DOI:10.1007/s00264-006-0208-6 · 2.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: At many institutions, it is not practically feasible to perform a series of controlled or placebo-controlled medial branch blocks on several facet joints in order to select patients for facet joint rhizotomy. As for uncontrolled blocks, there is no proof that medial branch blocks are superior to other types of blocks. This study was performed to compare medial branch blocks to simple pericapsular blocks for the selection of patients for lumbar facet joint cryodenervation.
Patient selection was based on history, imaging, and physical examination. Diagnostic blocks were either medial branch blocks or pericapsular blocks. Percutaneous medial branch cryodenervation was performed by use of a Lloyd Neurostat 2000. Outcome parameters were low back pain (visual analog scale [VAS]), limitation of activity (Macnab), and overall satisfaction. A total of 26 patients were recruited, 13 for each group. Follow-up was 6 months.
Patients who had been selected by medial branch blocks had better pain relief than did patients who had been diagnosed by use of pericapsular blocks. At 6 weeks and at 3 months after treatment, these results reached statistical significance (VAS 2.2 v 4.2, P < .05).
Our results suggest that uncontrolled medial branch blocks are superior to pericapsular blocks in selecting patients for facet joint cryodenervation, but both blocks work. If serial controlled blocks cannot be used, lumbar facet joint pain remains a diagnostic dilemma.
Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 01/2007; 32(1):27-33. DOI:10.1016/j.rapm.2006.08.014 · 3.09 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epidural neuroplasty seems to be one of the promising minimally invasive techniques for adhesiolysis in patients with chronic sciatica with or without low back pain. However, because no data exist from randomized studies the aim was to investigate whether this procedure is superior to conservative treatment with physiotherapy.
A total of 99 patients with chronic low back pain were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into either a group with physiotherapy (n = 52) or a second group undergoing epidural neuroplasty (n = 47). Patients were assessed before and 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment by a blinded investigator.
After 3 months, the visual analog scale (VAS) score for back and leg pain was significantly reduced in the epidural neuroplasty group, and the need for pain medication was reduced in both groups. Furthermore, the VAS for back and leg pain as well as the Oswestry disability score were significantly reduced until 12 months after the procedure in contrast to the group that received conservative treatment.
Epidural neuroplasty results in significant alleviation of pain and functional disability in patients with chronic low back pain and sciatica based on disc protrusion/prolapse or failed back surgery on a short-term basis as well as at 12 months of follow-up.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The problem of metal sensitivity (Ni, Cr, and Co) in arthroplasty is still unsolved. To prevent the risk of allergy in cases with proved metal allergy in an epicutaneous test, a Natural Knee total knee arthroplasty, made totally from titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) and polyethylene, can be implanted. The results of this device have to be compared to the results of normal knee arthroplasty designed with a femoral component out of CrCoNi alloy. The mechanical resistance of this alloy is much higher than that of titanium, and therefore it is the standard for the femoral components of most knee-resurfacing devices.
Thirty-five patients with a titanium Natural Knee were examined retrospectively after a mean follow-up of 2 years and 5 months (range 6 months to 5 years and 4 months). In comparison, 36 patients with a Genesis-I knee with a CrCoNi alloy femoral component were studied after a mean follow-up of 2 years and 4 months (range 8 months to 6 years and 2 months).
In spite of the lower mechanical resistance of titanium, the Natural Knee showed better results (knee score 84.1 points, function score 77.7 points, HSS score 80.1 points, 82.9% excellent and good results) than the Genesis-I knee (knee score 80.6 points, function score 76.4 points, HSS score 76.4 points, 68.5% excellent and good results), although these differences had no statistical significance.
The titanium Natural Knee prosthesis has proven to be a reliable knee joint replacement in the medium term.
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 06/2003; 123(4):139-43. DOI:10.1007/s00402-002-0429-0 · 1.60 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In a retrospective study the results of operatively treated ankle joints were critically discussed. In a period from January 1, 1977 to December 31, 1994, a total of 35 arthrodeses were carried out. Seventeen patients were followed up clinically, radiologically and with a gait analysis. Not only the radiological surgical result was of interest, but also the heel-toe movement of the stiffened foot in the individually adapted orthopedic footwear compared to standard footwear. A significantly improved heel-toe movement was found in orthopedic shoes, although there is a reduction of movement in the hindfoot in the sagittal plane.
Foot & Ankle International 01/2003; 23(12):1081-90. · 1.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Open surgical removal of calcifications in chronic courses of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder can be combined with acromioplasty. Independent of the surgical procedure not all patients achieve satisfactory surgical results. The aim of the study was to investigate whether preoperatively known epidemiologic, social, clinical and radiologic factors or intraoperative findings might influence the therapeutic outcome.
Following diagnostic arthroscopy, open removal of the calcifications was done as an isolated procedure (group A, n = 12) or combined with open acromioplasty (group/B, n = 24). Follow-up was 33 months for both groups.
Clinical outcomes were comparable in both groups (Group A, 74.9 points; Group B 73.4 points, Constant-Murley score) and independent of gender, age, profession, duration of anamnesis, hospital-stay period, follow-up period, dominance of arm, preoperative Constant-Murley score, calcification morphology and size and acromial type. 20 patients in total achieved a clinical outcome of </= 75 points (Constant-Murley score). 12 of these demonstrated lesions of the rotator cuff and joint cartilage combined with synovialitis. In 6 patients an adverse preoperative Constant-Murley score or the wish to receive a pension was recorded.
Both surgical procedures lead to overall good and satisfactory clinical results. Below average clinical outcomes are associated with pathologic findings of the glenohumeral joints, adverse preoperative clinical situation or the wish to receive a pension.
Zeitschrift für Orthopädie 01/2002; 140(6):656-61. · 0.86 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plantar fibromatosis is a rare, benign lesion involving the plantar aponeurosis. Eleven patients (13 feet) underwent 24 operations, including local excision, wide excision, or complete plantar fasciectomy. Clinical results were evaluated retrospectively. There were no differences among the subgroups in postoperative complications. Two primary fasciectomies did not recur. Three of six revised fasciectomies, seven of nine wide excisions, and six of seven local excisions recurred. Our results indicate that recurrence of plantar fibromatosis after surgical resection can be reduced by aggressive initial surgical resection.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite X-ray and computed tomography signs of osseous stability after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) procedures, the examination of two patients after 28 and 24 months respectively, revealed that the cages were wandering and consolidation had not taken place. Revision surgery was required in both cases.