Gautam Bhaduri

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Dilli, NCT, India

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Publications (41)19.35 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Good vision requires a healthy cornea, and a healthy cornea needs healthy stem cells. Limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs) are a traditional source of corneal epithelial cells and are recruited for the continuous production of epithelium without seizing throughout an animal's life, which maintains corneal transparency. Like the maintenance of other adult somatic stem cells, the maintenance of LESCs depends on the specific microenvironmental niche in which they reside. The purpose of this study was to determine the microenvironmental damage associated with LESCs fate due to ultraviolet (UV)-B exposure in a mouse model. Structural alteration and deregulation of the stem cell and its neighboring niche components were observed by using clinical, morphological, explant culture study, and flowcytometric analysis, which demonstrated that the limbal microenvironment plays an important role in cornea-related disease development. In UV-exposed mice, overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 indicated neovascularization, decreased CD38 expression signified the alteration of limbal epithelial superficial cells, and the loss of limbal stem cell marker p63 indicated limbal stem cell deficiency in the limbal vicinity. We concluded that LESC deficiency diseases (LESCDDs) are associated with pathophysiological changes in the LESC niche, with some inhibitory interception such as UV-B irradiation, which results in corneal defects.
    Biochemistry and Cell Biology 06/2013; 91(5):165-75. · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary angle closure in a high myopic patient is rare. Here is presented a report of one such patient who presented with acute primary angle closure in one eye. Conservative management followed by laser iridotomy was effective in the treatment of this patient.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 05/2013; 111(5):343, 346.
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    ABSTRACT: Website: http://www.novapublishers.com
    Chapter XIV: Page 185-198. edited by Prasad Koka, 01/2013; Nova Science Publishers, +New York. 2012., ISBN: 978-1-62257-170-3
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    ABSTRACT: Glaucoma is a progressive disorder and requires serial evaluation in order to monitor disease progression and optimize therapy. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between each of cup/disc (C/D) ratio and the disc damage likelihood scale (DDLS) with retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and global indices in Humphrey field analyzer II (HFA II). Cross-sectional study. A total of 50 patients diagnosed with primary open angle glaucoma were examined to grade DDLS score and C/D ratio. The average (avg) RNFL was obtained using the Fast RNFL protocol on optical coherence tomography (OCT) (4.0.2 Carl Zeiss). HFA II Swedish Interactive Threshold Algorithm Standard 24-2 visual fields were obtained within 1 month of clinical examination. The correlation of C/D ratio with avg RNFL thickness, Mean deviation and Pattern standard deviation was calculated by Pearson correlation coefficient (r). Similar coefficients were obtained for DDLS. The P value for the difference in the r between C/D ratio with RNFL (-0.628) and DDLS with RNFL (-0.8369) was significant (P < 0.01) when correlation of C/D, DDLS with RNFL was considered. The DDLS shows stronger correlation with structural changes in OCT than C/D ratio. The disc diameter and rim width increases the value of clinical optic disc examination.
    Oman Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2013; 6(2):103-107.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate pattern of visual impairment in school children from low-income families in Kolkata, India, an institutional cross-sectional study was conducted among 2570 children of 10 primary schools. Ocular examination including refraction was done and pattern of visual impairment and refractive error was studied. The age range was 6-14 years. Refractive error was seen in 14.7%. Only 4 children were already wearing correction. Myopia and hypermetropia was present in 307 (11.9%) and 65 (2.5%) children, respectively. Visual acuity of less than 6/12 in better eye was present in 109 (4.2%) and 5 (0.2%) children pre- and post-correction, respectively. Eighteen children had amblyopia. Although prevalence of refractive error in this group is less compared to school children of all income categories reported from other cities of India, it is more compared to school children of all income categories from the same city. Refractive error mostly remains uncorrected in this group.
    Indian journal of public health 01/2012; 56(2):163-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare changes in posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) following intravitreal injection of bevacizumab and triamcinolone in diffuse diabetic macular edema in middle-aged type 2 diabetes patients and to correlate this change with change in central macular thickness (CMT). Design: cross sectional study. Fifteen consecutive patients treated by intravitreal bevacizumab (group A) and ten patients treated by intravitreal triamcinolone (group B). Institutional study carried out by retrospective analysis of patient registers including serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) images at baseline, and after 1 and 4 months. A central macular thickness (CMT) and vitreomacular relationship was noted on OCT. PVD was graded on a linear scale (0-4). Change in grade of PVD was correlated with change in CMT at each follow-up. At month 4, the decrease in mean CMT from baseline was 51.2 μ (P = 0.000) and 45 μ (P = 0.022) in group A and group B, respectively, with no significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.874). A change in grades of PVD from baseline to month 4 was significant in both group A (P = 0.001) and group B (P = 0.004) with no significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.906). A significant correlation between change in PVD and reduction of CMT was observed in group A (P = 0.011) but not in group B (P = 0.315). Both bevacizumab and triamcinolone caused a significant reduction in macular thickness and a significant change in grade of PVD. Change in PVD played an influential role in the reduction of macular thickness following bevacizumab.
    International Ophthalmology 10/2011; 31(5):363-8.
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    ABSTRACT: A 40-year-old woman presented with protrusion and diminution of vision of left eye for 3 months. CT scan of orbit revealed an intra-orbital cystic space occupying lesion. Exenteration of the left orbit was done and histopathological examination of the cystic mass proved it to be a case of hydatid cyst.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 09/2011; 109(9):681-2.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate a possible relationship between central corneal thickness (CCT) and optic disc area in patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Patients with POAG and age matched control group underwent routine ocular examination along with optic nerve head evaluation by Stratus optical coherence tomography (OCT) and CCT measurement by ultrasound pachymetry. Pearson's coefficient was calculated in both groups to find out correlation between these two parameters. In this series 90 eyes of 45 control subjects and 94 eyes of 47 POAG patients were studied. In the control group 40% were female, 60% male and among the POAG patients 34% female, 66% male. Mean CCT in control subjects was 566.98 micron (SD = 19.36, n = 90) and in POAG patients was 526.61 micron (SD = 29.93, n = 94). There was a significant difference in two groups (p = 0.0002). Disc area in control group had mean of 2.32mm(2) (SD = 0.305, n = 90) and in POAG group 2.982mm(2) (SD = 0.566, n = 94). Statistically significant difference was found among the two groups (p = 0.0). CCT was inversely correlated with optic disc size. In control subjects, r = -0.141, but it was not statistically significant (p = 0.092). In POAG group, r = -0.256 and the correlation was statistically significant (p = 0.0063). CCT was significantly less in POAG patients compared to control subjects. Mean disc area was significantly higher among the POAG group compared to control subjects. CCT was inversely correlated with disc area in both groups, but was statistically significant in POAG patients.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 07/2011; 109(7):465-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare macular thickness following uncomplicated phacoemulsification with foldable acrylic lens and manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) with non-foldable polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) lens implantation. Prospective study was carried out with one eye each of 224 patients with senile cataract randomized into two groups, phacoemulsification and MSICS, by simple 1:1 randomization. Following surgery by either of the two methods, macular thickness was measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) on the 1st, 7th, 42nd and 180th postoperative day. Main outcome measure was postoperative macular thickness. On the first postoperative day, central subfield mean thickness (CSMT) in MSICS group was 192.8 +/- 17.9 microm and that in phacoemulsification group was 192.1 +/- 27.4 microm, with no significant difference (p = 0.12). On the 7th day, CSMT in MSICS group (198.9 +/- 21.4 microm) was significantly (p = 0.04) more than that in phacoemulsification group (193.1 +/- 19.3 microm). On the 42nd day, CSMT in MSICS group was 207.8 +/- 26.3 microm and that in phacoemulsification group was 198.3 +/- 23 microm, the difference being significant (p = 0.007). Clinically macular oedema was not diagnosed in any of the patients at any visit. The increase in macular thickness was sub-clinical and did not affect final visual outcome in any patient. In spite of the greater theoretical risk of increased postoperative inflammation following MSICS, there was no evidence of cystoid macular oedema, either clinically or on OCT. However, chance of sub-clinical increase in CSMT was more following MSICS compared to phacoemulsification.
    Acta ophthalmologica 04/2010; 88(4):e102-6. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ocular trauma is an important cause of vision loss. The agents incriminated in such injuries are diverse. We present a case of ocular trauma with a metallic spoon causing deep laceration of lid and temple region with sclerocorneal laceration. After assessment of the general condition and stabilization of the systemic parameters the operative procedure was undertaken on elective basis. Though the final visual outcome was not rewarding due to the severity of the injury, any potential hemostatic catastrophe was averted.
    Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2010; 58(4):330-1. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stem Cell Antigen-1 or Sca-1 is a cell surface receptor protein commonly used to detect adult murine haematopoietic stem cell population. Outside the haematopoietic system Sca-1 is similarly expressed in stem and progenitor cells in a wide variety of tissues and organs such as skeletal muscle, mammary gland, prostate, heart, liver and dermis. Thus Sca-1 has become a candidate marker in the search of tissue specific stem cells. The maintenance of a healthy corneal epithelium is achieved by a unique population of stem cell located in the limbal epithelial region. This limbal epithelium mainly contains limbal epithelial stem cells and its immediate progenitor early transient amplifying cells (e-TAC) which have self renewal capacity. As stem cells in other organs have been identified by their expression of Sca-1, in our study we wanted to determine whether this antigen could be present in the limbal epithelial region which contains stem cell population by using immunofluorescence through flow cytometric analysis of Sca-1 and its association with the cell cycle.
    Journal of stem cells 01/2010; 5(2):65-74.
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    ABSTRACT: To study ocular surface abnormalities in patients with pterygium, conjunctival impression cytology was explored as a tool for the assessment of the cytological changes. A comparative case control study was undertaken to evaluate the ocular surface disorders in pterygium. Fifty cases of pterygium and 50 age and sex-matched controls were analyzed for the presence of local tear film abnormalities as assessed by the tear film break up time and Schirmer test. The spectrum of changes in cytomorphology was studied in detail using conjunctival imprint cytology. Tear film break-up time and Schirmer's strip wetting were found to be significantly different in study and control groups. Studying the cytomorphology of the conjunctival imprint smears, reduced cellularity and squamous metaplasia of different grades was observed more frequently in patients compared to controls. On overall grading of cytological changes, statistically significant difference was noted between the study and control groups (P value 0.00172). From the present study we can suggest that aqueous tear film deficiency leading to ocular surface disorder brings about a change at the cytological level, and ocular surface disorders found in pterygium can be interpreted by conjunctival impression cytology.
    Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 01/2010; 53(4):692-5. · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • Ophthalmology 04/2009; 116(3):598-598.e1. · 5.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 43-year-old man developed central serous choroidoretinopathy in his left eye following dacryocystorhinostomy operation on the same side. He was using xylometazoline nasal drops in his left nostril. Action of xylometazoline or the stress related to the operation or the effect of both factors played the role in the causation of this ocular condition. Omission of nasal drops or relief from stress resulted in full recovery of vision and complete resolution of symptoms within one month.
    Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2009; 57(1):57-8. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension remains a disease of unknown etiology. Epidemiology, associations, features, and prognosis in children have changed over the years. The main clinical complaint of pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension is headache with visual disturbance. We report on a patient with childhood idiopathic intracranial hypertension, who presented without headache after hemodialysis for acute renal failure. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension without headache is believed to have a poor prognosis. However, this child demonstrated a favorable outcome with medical therapy. The child was followed with serial optical coherence tomography of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness around the optic nerve head. In the absence of a reliable procedure to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy in the follow-up of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, the importance of optical coherence tomography, a noninvasive, objective, and reproducible procedure, is highlighted as a useful adjunct in the management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension.
    Pediatric Neurology 11/2008; 39(4):272-5. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common complications in diabetes mellitus due to persistent hyperglycaemia. Various biochemical mechanisms have been suggested to cause this complication. The authors' present study which included 100 patients of type-2 diabetes mellitus with different stages of diabetic retinopathy and without retinopathy shows that initiation of diabetic retinopathy is associated with increased anaerobic glycolysis and accelerated oxidative stress. Progression of this complication is guided by increased secretion of vascular endothelial growth factors. It is our assumption that increased secretion of vascular endothelial growth factors in early part of this disease e.g. before occurrence of morphological abnormality may modify this complication.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 09/2008; 106(8):508, 510, 515.
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the sociodemographic characteristics, degree and cause of visual disability among certified visually disabled individuals in a rural district of West Bengal, India and to identify possible lacunae, if any, in the existing certification system. A cross-sectional study by secondary data analysis of medical records of 155 visually disabled individuals and their 310 eyes. Demographical features, diagnosis, percentage of visual disability and work activity status of each individual were analyzed. One hundred and thirty one (84.52%) individuals had 100% disability. The number of males was significantly higher than that of females. Fifty eight (37.42%) individuals were below 21 years of age. Phthisis bulbi was the most common cause followed by microphthalmos. Further, 81.29% patients had the same lesion bilaterally. Patients with higher grades of disability have attended certification boards. A large number of disabled individuals comprised children and young adults. Male gender bias demands concern.
    Indian Journal of Community Medicine 07/2008; 33(3):168-71.
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    ABSTRACT: A cross-sectional study was undertaken to evaluate ophthalmic lesions in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals in eastern part of India. One hundred and seventy-five Indian patients attending one tertiary care centre in Kolkata, were included in the study. Ophthalmic manifestations were found in 29.14%. Of them 64.70% had posterior segment lesion, 23.52% had neuro-ophthalmic lesion, 19.60% had anterior segment lesion, 15.69% had adnexal lesion. Human immunodeficiency virus retinopathy was the commonest ophthalmic lesion involving 23 eyes. Cytomegalovirus retinitis was found in only 10 eyes. Ophthalmic lesions were less common in this study than reported in earlier literature in India and abroad.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 06/2008; 106(5):292-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Aplastic anaemia is pancytopenia with marrow hypocellularity. Hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia is a varient or aplastic anaemia that follows an acute attack of seronegative hepatitis. Here a case of hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia presenting with sudden onset of severe simultaneous bilateral vision loss and without any other usual presenting signs is reported. Partial recovery of blood cell count occurred following immunosuppressive therapy. Posterior hyalodotmy helped rapid resolution of premacular subhyaloid haemorrhage. Although bilateral vision loss may rarely be the initial presentation of aplastic anaemia, no such report is known in hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia. Posthepatitis vision loss needs careful investigation to exclude an underlying haematological disorder.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 10/2007; 105(9):524, 526, 543.
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    ABSTRACT: A total number of 631 cases of orbital and para-orbital tumours causing proptosis was analysed in a retrospective way in relation to age, anatomic location, histological and clinical profile. CT-scan was considered as the primary modality of investigation as it correctly delineates the extent of the tumour, integrity of bony structures and intracranial spread. Different modalities of surgery like lateral orbitotomy, medial orbitotomy, lateral rhinotomy and endoscopic excision, etc, had been performed depending upon the anatomical locations. Surgical approaches, histological types of various tumours are analysed in detail.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 09/2007; 105(8):443-4, 446-8.

Publication Stats

74 Citations
19.35 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
      New Dilli, NCT, India
  • 2010–2013
    • Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine
      Kolkata, Bengal, India
  • 2005–2012
    • Vittala International Institute of Ophthalmology
      Bengalūru, Karnātaka, India
    • Indian Institute of Chemical Biology
      • Molecular and Human Genetics Division (IICB)
      Calcutta, Bengal, India
  • 2005–2007
    • Medical College Kolkata
      Kolkata, Bengal, India
  • 2006
    • North Bengal Medical College
      Bengalūru, Karnātaka, India