Osamu Takase

The University of Tokyo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (18)89.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human pluripotent cells are promising for treatment for kidney diseases, but the protocols for derivation of kidney cell types are still controversial. Kidney tissue regeneration is well confirmed in several lower vertebrates such as fish, and the repair of nephrons after tubular damages is commonly observed after renal injury. Even in adult mammal kidney, renal progenitor cell or system is reportedly presents suggesting that adult stem-like cells in kidney can be practical clinical targets for kidney diseases. However, it is still unclear if kidney stem cells or stem-like cells exist or not. In general, stemness is defined by several factors such as self-renewal capacity, multi-lineage potency and characteristic gene expression profiles. The definite use of stemness may be obstacle to understand kidney regeneration, and here we describe the recent broad findings of kidney regeneration and the cells that contribute regeneration.
    03/2015; 7(2):490-494. DOI:10.4252/wjsc.v7.i2.490
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    ABSTRACT: Small-vessel vasculitis is a life-threatening autoimmune disease that is frequently associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs). Conventional immunotherapy including steroids and cyclophosphamide can cause serious adverse events, limiting the efficacy and safety of treatment. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a key component of fish oil, is an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid widely known to be cardioprotective and beneficial for vascular function. We report two elderly patients with systemic ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) in whom the administration of EPA in concert with steroids safely induced and maintained remission, without the use of additioal immunosuppressants. To explore the mechanisms by which EPA enhances the treatment of AAV, we employed SCG/Kj mice as a spontaneous murine model of AAV. Dietary enrichment with EPA significantly delayed the onset of crescentic glomerulonephritis and prolonged the overall survival. EPA-derived anti-inflammatory lipid mediators and their precursors were present in the kidney, plasma, spleen, and lungs in the EPA-treated mice. Furthermore, a decrease in ANCA production and CD4/CD8-double negative T cells, and an increase in Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells in the lymph nodes of the kidney were observed in the EPA-treated mice. These clinical and experimental observations suggest that EPA can safely support and augment conventional therapy for treating autoimmune small-vessel vasculitis.
    Scientific Reports 09/2014; 4:6406. DOI:10.1038/srep06406 · 5.58 Impact Factor
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    Osamu Takase · Kazuya Iwabuchi · Richard J Quigg
    Journal of Immunology Research 02/2014; 2014:897487. DOI:10.1155/2014/897487 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MyoR was originally identified as a transcriptional repressor in embryonic skeletal muscle precursors, but its function in adult kidney has not been clarified. In this study, we tried to clarify the functional role of MyoR using MyoR -/- mice. Cisplatin induced a significantly higher degree of severe renal dysfunction, tubular injury and mortality in MyoR -/- mice than in wild-type mice. The injection of cisplatin significantly increased the number of apoptotic cells in the kidney tissues of MyoR -/- mice, compared with that in wild-type mice. To clarify the mechanism of severe cisplatin-induced damage and apoptosis in MyoR -/- mice, we focused on the p53 signaling pathway and BMP-7. Treatment with cisplatin significantly activated p53 signaling in cultured renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) in both wild-type and MyoR -/- mice, but no significant difference between the groups was observed. The injection of cisplatin significantly increased the expression of BMP-7 in the kidney tissues of wild-type mice, but no increase was observed in the MyoR -/- mice. Treatment with cisplatin significantly increased the expression of BMP-7 in cultured RTECs from wild-type mice but not in those from MyoR -/- mice. Moreover, treatment with recombinant BMP-7 rescued the cisplatin-induced apoptosis in RTECs from MyoR -/- mice. Taken together, our results demonstrate a new protective role of MyoR in adult kidneys that acts through the regulation of BMP-7.
    AJP Renal Physiology 03/2013; 304(9). DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.00510.2012 · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NF-κB signaling plays an essential role in maintaining the undifferentiated state of embryonic stem (ES) cells. However, opposing roles of NF-κB have been reported in mouse and human ES cells, and the role of NF-κB in human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells has not yet been clarified. Here, we report the role of NF-κB signaling in maintaining the undifferentiated state of human iPS cells. Compared with differentiated cells, undifferentiated human iPS cells showed an augmentation of NF-κB activity. During differentiation induced by the removal of feeder cells and FGF2, we observed a reduction in NF-κB activity, the expression of the undifferentiation markers Oct3/4 and Nanog, and the up-regulation of the differentiated markers WT-1 and Pax-2. The specific knockdown of NF-κB signaling using p65 siRNA also reduced the expression of Oct3/4 and Nanog and up-regulated WT-1 and Pax-2 but did not change the ES-like colony formation. Our results show that the augmentation of NF-κB signaling maintains the undifferentiated state of human iPS and suggest the importance of this signaling pathway in maintenance of human iPS cells.
    PLoS ONE 02/2013; 8(2):e56399. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0056399 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fish oil containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is well known to prevent the progression of IgA nephropathy. However, the mechanism through which fish oil prevents the progression of renal injury remains uncertain. We tried to clarify the effects of EPA on tubulointerstitial injury in the kidney both in vivo and in vitro. We examined the effects of EPA, especially to focus on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), using Thy-1 nephritis models. Also the mechanism of EPA was investigated using small-interfering RNA (siRNA) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs). In Thy-1 nephritis models, EPA significantly inhibited tubulointerstitial injury and the infiltration of macrophages into tubulointerstitial lesions except severe glomerular injury at early stage. Compared with control animals, NF-κB activation was significantly augmented in the Thy-1 nephritic kidney. However, treatment with EPA significantly reduced NF-κB activation, down-regulated the expressions of NF-κB-dependent molecules. Also in LPS-stimulated PTECs, LPS augmented NF-κB activation and the expression of NF-κB-dependent molecules. As in the case with the Thy-1 nephritis models, treatment with EPA inhibited them, prevented the degradation of IκBα in LPS-stimulated PTECs. Pre-treatment with siRNA for IκBα abolished the inhibitory effect of EPA on LPS-induced NF-κB activation, suggesting that EPA inhibited NF-κB activation by regulating IκBα. Our results indicate that EPA prevents the early progression of tubulointerstitial injury in Thy-1 nephritis models, and the inhibitory effect of EPA on the expression of inflammatory molecules via the regulation of IκBα in cultured cells may explain this mechanism.
    European journal of pharmacology 08/2011; 669(1-3):128-35. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.07.043 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    Kidney International 08/2009; 76(2):230-1. DOI:10.1038/ki.2009.146 · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A close correlation has been shown between tubulointerstitial (TI) injury and the outcome of renal dysfunction, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) has been shown to play a key role in proteinuria-induced TI injury. To explore the molecular mechanisms of the proteinuria-induced TI injury further, we have analyzed renal gene expression with DNA microarrays, with and without specific inhibition of NF-kappaB in the proximal tubules. Unilaterally nephrectomized rats loaded with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were used as a model of proteinuric renal injury. Renal NF-kappaB activation was inhibited by gene transfer of the truncated form of IkappaBalpha (inhibitor of NF-kappaB) via the injection of a recombinant adenovirus vector into the renal artery, an method established in a previous study. Total RNA was extracted from the kidney and analyzed with a DNA microarrays containing 1081 genes. Renal NF-kappaB activation and TI injury in BSA-loaded proteinuric rats were inhibited by the gene transfer of the truncated form of IkappaBalpha. DNA microarray analysis revealed 45 up-regulated genes and six down-regulated genes in the proteinuric rats, and expression of 23 of these 51 genes was significantly altered by NF-kappaB inhibition. Among these 23 genes, we focused on clusterin and confirmed the results of microarray analysis by Western blotting and PCR. In this study, 23 genes of 51 proteinuria-related genes were regulated by NF-kappaB activation, suggesting that some of these genes may serve as target molecules for the treatment of progressive TI injury.
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 07/2008; 12(3):181-8. DOI:10.1007/s10157-008-0038-5 · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptosis and inflammation, important contributors to the progression of chronic kidney disease, can be influenced by clusterin (a secreted glycoprotein that regulates apoptosis) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB, a transcription factor modifying the expression of inflammatory genes). We studied proteinuria-induced renal disease and its influence on clusterin-mediated apoptosis. Exposure of cultured mouse proximal tubule epithelial cells to bovine serum albumin (BSA) resulted in activation of NF-kappaB and activator protein-1 (AP-1) within hours followed by a decline in their activation, decreased activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2), decreased cell-associated antiapoptotic Bcl-xL protein but increased apoptosis. Clusterin progressively increased in the media over a 3 day period. Clusterin siRNA blocked protein production, increased NF-kappaB activation, and significantly increased cellular Bcl-xL protein, thereby reducing spontaneous and BSA-induced apoptosis. An siRNA to the NF-kappaB inhibitor IkappaBalpha had similar results. BSA-stimulated NF-kappaB activation reciprocally decreased AP-1 activity by preventing ERK1/2 phosphorylation. These in vitro studies suggest that clusterin inhibits NF-kappaB-mediated antiapoptotic effects by the apparent stabilization of IkappaBalpha switching from promoting inflammation to apoptosis during proteinuria.
    Kidney International 04/2008; 73(5):567-77. DOI:10.1038/sj.ki.5002563 · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infusion of renal side population (SP) cells, enriched with adult stem-like cells, can ameliorate acute renal failure. We investigated the effects of an angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor antagonist, valsartan on SP cell changes in renal injury by ureteral obstruction. Renal SP fraction was reduced by 38%, and the number of cells expressing CD45, a marker of hematopoietic system, in renal SP cells was increased in obstructed kidneys. Valsartan attenuated renal injury and the associated SP profile changes. Angiotensin AT(1) receptor blockade may exert regenerative effect by preserving adult stem-like cells such as SP cells in the kidney.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 12/2007; 573(1-3):216-20. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.07.032 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intrarenal activation of the renin-angiotensin system has been suggested to play a pivotal role in the progression of various renal diseases, but the regulation of each component has not been fully clarified. We investigated the roles of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system changes induced by proteinuria. We used unilaterally nephrectomized rats loaded with bovine serum albumin as a model of proteinuric renal injury. Renal NF-kappaB activation was inhibited by gene transfer of the truncated form of IkappaBalpha via injection of a recombinant adenovirus vector into the renal artery, as we reported previously. Inhibition of renal NF-kappaB activation attenuated the increases in intrarenal angiotensinogen protein (2.0-fold in rats with protein overloading and saline injection to 1.3-fold in rats with protein overloading and injection of a truncated form of IkappaBalpha) and angiotensin II (1.8-fold to 1.2-fold), and angiotensinogen mRNA. The increases in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin II receptor type 2 were unaffected by NF-kappaB inhibition. The expression of ACE2, an enzyme that metabolizes angiotensins I and II, was decreased by 37%, and NF-kappaB inhibition abolished the decrease. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the angiotensinogen and ACE2 expression changes occurred mainly in proximal tubule cells (i.e., the target of adenoviral gene transfer). These results indicate that proteinuria induces an increase in renal angiotensin II in an NF-kappaB-dependent manner. Induction of angiotensinogen and decrease in ACE2 levels may be involved in this NF-kappaB-dependent increase in angiotensin II.
    Kidney International 09/2005; 68(2):464-73. DOI:10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.00424.x · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Musculin/MyoR is a new member of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, and its expression is limited to skeletal muscle precursors. Here, we report that musculin/MyoR is expressed in adult kidney side population (SP) cells and can regulate their function. SP phenotype can be used to purify stem cell-rich fractions. Microarray analysis clarified that musculin/MyoR was exclusively expressed in kidney SP cells, and the cells resided in the renal interstitial space. Musculin/MyoR-positive cells were decreased in acute renal failure, but infusion of kidney SP cells increased musculin/MyoR-positive cells and improved renal function. Kidney SP cells in reversible acute renal failure expressed a high level of renoprotective factors and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), but not in irreversible chronic renal failure. In cultured kidney SP cells, LIF stimulated gene expression of renoprotective factors, and down-regulation of musculin/MyoR augmented LIF-induced gene expression. Our results suggest that musculin/MyoR may play important roles not only in developmental processes but also in regenerative processes in adult tissue.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 07/2005; 169(6):921-8. DOI:10.1083/jcb.200412167 · 9.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Loss of glomerular endothelial cells has been suggested to contribute to the progression of glomerular injury. Although therapeutic angiogenesis induced by administration of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells has been observed in disease models of endothelial injury, the effects on renal disease have not been clarified. Whether administration of culture-modified bone marrow mononuclear cells would mitigate the glomerular endothelial injury in anti-Thy1.1 nephritis was investigated. After cultivation under conditions that promote endothelial progenitor cell growth, bone marrow mononuclear cells were labeled with CM-DiI, a fluorescence marker, and injected into the left renal artery of Lewis rats with anti-Thy1.1 glomerulonephritis. The decrease in glomerular endothelial cells was significantly attenuated in the left kidney, as compared with the right, in nephritic rats that received the cell infusion. Glomerular injury score, the area positive for mesangial alpha-smooth muscle actin, and infiltration of macrophages were significantly decreased in the left kidney. CM-DiI-positive cells were distributed in glomeruli of the left kidney but not in those of the right kidney. Among CM-DiI-labeled cells incorporated into glomeruli, 16.5 +/- 1.2% of cells were stained with an endothelial marker, rat endothelial cell antigen-1. Culture-modified mononuclear cells secreted 281.2 +/- 85.0 pg of vascular endothelial growth factor per 10(5) cells per day. In conclusion, intra-arterial administration of culture-modified bone marrow mononuclear cells reduced endothelial injury and mesangial activation in anti-Thy1.1 glomerulonephritis. Incorporation into the glomerular endothelial lining and production of angiogenic factor(s) are likely to contribute to the protective effects of culture-modified mononuclear cells against glomerular injury.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 05/2005; 16(4):997-1004. DOI:10.1681/ASN.2004050367 · 9.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary renal artery dissection is a rare condition that causes renal infarction and renovascular hypertension. We describe a case of a 48-year-old man who was admitted for left renal infarction due to a primary dissecting aneurysm of renal artery. He was diagnosed by a contrast enhanced abdominal CT scan and a renal angiography demonstrating a dissection at the branch of the left renal artery. He was treated with conservative medical management, including anticoagulation therapy. Forty-five primary renal artery dissections in 38 patients from previous reports were analyzed. Based on this analysis, many cases of primary renal artery dissection were male and had a high blood pressure. Primary renal artery dissection occurred at the right side (12 cases), left side (19), and bilaterally (7). The renal arterial branches were rarely involved in primary renal artery dissection. Assays of peripheral blood renin activity were performed in 15 patients, and all cases had a high value. Therefore, the present case is thought to be unique because he was a normotensive patient with normal plasma renin activity and the renal arterial branch was only dissected.
    Nippon Jinzo Gakkai shi 11/2003; 45(7):695-700.
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    ABSTRACT: Severe proteinuria not only indicates the presence of progressive glomerular disease, but also causes tubular epithelial cells to produce inflammatory mediators leading to tubulointerstitial (TI) injury. We investigated the role of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in tubular epithelial cells in the development of proteinuria-induced TI injury. To specifically inhibit NF-kappaB activation, a recombinant adenovirus vector expressing a truncated form of IkappaBalpha (AdexIkappaBDeltaN) was injected into renal arteries of protein-overloaded rats, a model of TI injury characterized by infiltration of mononuclear cells and fibrosis. Activation of NF-kappaB in the renal cortex, observed in protein-overloaded rats treated with a control vector, recombinant lacZ adenovirus, was prevented in AdexIkappaBDeltaN-injected rats. Microscopic examination revealed AdexIkappaBDeltaN treatment to markedly attenuate proteinuria-induced TI injury. Increased immunostaining of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, transforming growth factor-beta, and fibronectin in TI lesions also was suppressed by AdexIkappaBDeltaN injection. These findings provide evidence of the critical role of NF-kappaB activation in TI injury and suggest the therapeutic potential of adenovirus-mediated IkappaBDeltaN gene transfer into the kidney as a means of interrupting the process of TI damage.
    Kidney International 03/2003; 63(2):501-13. DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00781.x · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 65-year-old-woman presented with edema, ascites, proteinuria and abnormal liver function tests. A small amount of mixed cryoglobulin was detected in her serum. Liver biopsy revealed mild chronic active hepatitis, but tests for hepatotropic viral infection were negative. Electron microscopy of the renal biopsy revealed glomerular electron-dense deposits that contained numerous tubular structures. Renal amyloidosis and light chain deposition disease were ruled out by appropriate histological techniques. The ultrastructural findings of renal biopsy suggested either cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis or immunotactoid glomerulopathy. Although the exact interrelationship among the peculiar glomerulopathy, cryoglobulinemia and chronic active hepatitis in the present case remains undetermined, this report enlarges the spectrum of glomerulopathy characterized by extracellular deposition of microtubules.
    Pathology International 08/2002; 52(7):483-7. DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1827.2002.01376.x · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a member of the CC subfamily of chemokines, plays a crucial role in the progression of glomerulonephritis by recruitment of monocytes. Tranilast, a clinically used anti-allergic drug, has been demonstrated to have various anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects, and recently has been reported to prevent restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. In this study, we investigated whether tranilast inhibits MCP-1 secretion in mesangial cells. Tranilast inhibited interleukin-1beta-induced MCP-1 secretion and mRNA expression in a concentration-dependent manner. Luciferase assay showed that tranilast suppressed interleukin-1beta-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-dependent transcription. Interleukin-1beta-induced Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation was also suppressed selectively by tranilast. These results indicate that tranilast inhibits interleukin-1beta-induced MCP-1 production, at least in part, by inhibiting NF-kappaB activity and that suppression of JNK activation might be involved in the inhibition of MCP-1 production. Tranilast may serve as a new therapeutic agent for glomerulonephritis through anti-chemokine property.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 10/2001; 427(2):151-8. DOI:10.1016/S0014-2999(01)01215-8 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of apoptosis is one of the likely underlying mechanisms of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (GN), a disease in which proinflammatory cytokines exhibit a wide range of biological activities. Among them, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induces two conflicting pathways, one leading to activation of the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B), and the other leading to caspase-mediated apoptosis. We investigated whether or not specific inhibition of NF-kappa B affects TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis in rat mesangial cells (MCs). To specifically inhibit NF-kappa B activation, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus vector expressing a truncated form of I kappa B alpha (AdexI kappa B delta N) that lacks the phosphorylation sites essential for the activation of NF-kappa B. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay was performed to evaluate NF-kappa B activity. Nuclear morphology was observed by staining with Hoechst-33258. DNA fragmentation was detected using an ELISA kit with an antihistone antibody. To investigate the regulation of apoptosis, we measured caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity by ELISA, and examined the Bcl-2 and Bax protein level by Western blot. TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappa B activation was blocked by overexpression of I kappa B delta N. Overexpression of I kappa B delta N potentiated TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis compared to mock transfection, and the potentiation was abolished by treatment with a caspase-3 inhibitor, Z-DEVD-FMK. Overexpression of I kappa B delta N augmented TNF-alpha-induced caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity, but did not affect Bcl-2 or Bax protein expression. Overexpression of I kappa B delta N potentiates TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis and augments caspase-8 and caspase-3 activity in rat MCs without changing Bcl-2 or Bax protein expression. These results suggest the potential usefulness of AdexI kappa B delta N to induce apoptosis in MCs under inflammatory conditions.
    Kidney International 04/2000; 57(3):959-68. DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1755.2000.00924.x · 8.56 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

364 Citations
89.26 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2015
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Department of Nephrology and Endocrinology
      • • Faculty & Graduate School of Medicine
      Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2008
    • University of Chicago
      • Department of Medicine
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2000–2008
    • Keio University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • School of Medicine
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan