M K Hong

Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States

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Publications (134)729.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the myocardial enhancement pattern of the left ventricle on two-phase contrast-enhanced electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Two-phase contrast-enhanced ECG-gated MDCT examinations were performed in 16 patients with AMI. The presence, location and pattern of myocardial enhancement were evaluated. MDCT findings were compared with the catheter angiographic results. Subendocardial (n = 9) or transmural (n = 6) area of early perfusion defects of the myocardium was detected in 15 of 16 patients (94%) on early-phase CT images. Variable delayed myocardial enhancement patterns on late-phase CT images were observed in 12 patients (75%): (1) subendocardial residual perfusion defect and subepicardial late enhancement (n = 6); (2) transmural late enhancement (n = 1); (3) isolated subendocardial late enhancement (n=1); and (4) isolated subendocardial residual perfusion defect (n = 2). On catheter angiography, 14 of 15 corresponding coronary arteries showed significant stenosis. Variable abnormal myocardial enhancement pattern was seen on two-phase, contrast-enhanced ECG-gated MDCT in patients with AMI. Assessment of myocardial attenuation on CT angiography gives additional information of the location and extent of infarction.
    Clinical Radiology 06/2006; 61(5):417-22. · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • S.W Park, M.K Hong, D.H Moon
    ACC Current Journal Review 01/2002; 11(1):58.
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 71 patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) diagnosed by echo-Doppler technique (mean age, 49+/-17) was done. In 27 patients (38%), the etiology was unknown, and the three most frequent identifiable causes were tuberculosis (23/71, 32%), cardiac surgery (8/71, 11%), and mediastinal irradiation (6/71, 9%). Pericardiectomy was performed in 35 patients (49%) with a surgical mortality of 6% (2/35), and 11 patients (15%, 11/ 71) showed complete resolution of constrictive physiology with medical treatment. Patients with transient CP were characterized by absence of pericardial calcification, shorter symptom duration, and higher incidence of fever, weight loss, and tuberculosis. The 5-yr survival rates of patients with transient CP and those undergoing pericardiectomy were 100% and 85+/-6%, respectively, which were significantly higher than that of patients without undergoing pericardiectomy (33+/-17%, p=0.0083). Mediastinal irradiation, higher functional class, low voltage in ECG, low serum albumin, and old age were the independent variables associated with a higher mortality. Tuberculosis is still the most important etiology of CP in Korea, and not infrequently, it may cause transient CP. Early diagnosis and decision-making using follow-up echocardiography are crucial to improve the prognosis of patients with CP.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 11/2001; 16(5):558-66. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate: 1) the long-term outcomes of 127 selected patients receiving unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenting; and 2) the impact of the debulking procedure before stenting and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance on their clinical outcomes. The long-term safety of stenting of unprotected LMCA stenoses has not been established yet. A total of 127 consecutive patients with unprotected LMCA stenosis and normal left ventricular function were treated by elective stenting. The long-term outcomes were evaluated between two groups: IVUS guidance (n = 77) vs. angiographic guidance (n = 50); and debulking plus stenting (debulking/stenting; n = 40) vs. stenting only (n = 87). Angiographic restenosis was documented in 19 (19%) of 100 patients. The lumen diameter after stenting was significantly larger in IVUS-guided group (p = 0.003). The angiographic restenosis rate was significantly lower in the debulking/stenting group (8.3% vs. 25%, p = 0.034). The reference artery size was the only independent predictor of angiographic restenosis. During follow-up (25.5 +/- 16.7 months), there were four deaths, but no nonfatal myocardial infarctions occurred. The survival rate was 97.0 +/- 1.7% at two years. These data suggest that stenting of unprotected LMCA stenosis might be associated with a favorable long-term outcome in selected patients. Guidance with IVUS may optimize the immediate results, and debulking before stenting seems to be effective in reducing the restenosis rate. However, we need a large-scale, randomized study.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 11/2001; 38(4):1054-60. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the efficacy of beta-radiation therapy ((188)Re-MAG(3)) to inhibit intimal hyperplasia (IH) in diffuse in-stent restenosis by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis in 50 patients. Nine patients who did not agree with radiation therapy, and therefore underwent rotational atherectomy and balloon angioplasty for diffuse in-stent restenosis in the same study period, were selected for control groups. Serial IVUS comparisons were available in 44 of 50 patients with radiation therapy and 7 of 9 control patients. At 6-month follow-up, there was less significant increase of IH area in patients with radiation therapy than in control patients (Delta IH area = 0.1 +/- 0.8 mm(2) vs. 2.6 +/- 1.8 mm(2), P > 0.001 in mean values, and 0.6 +/- 1.4 mm(2) vs. 2.9 +/- 2.1 mm(2), P = 0.026 in values of follow-up lesion site, respectively). In conclusion, beta-radiation therapy might be an effective treatment modality to inhibit intimal hyperplasia in patients with diffuse in-stent restenosis.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 10/2001; 54(2):169-73. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Drug-coated stents may treat both mechanisms of restenosis, namely, geometric remodeling and neointimal hyperplasia. Paclitaxel, an antimicrotubule agent, has been shown to inhibit smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, and may be an excellent candidate for local elution from a stent platform. To study the antirestenosis effects of drug-coated stents, we impregnated paclitaxel (175-200 microg/stent with programmed elution over 6 months) on Gianturco-Roubin II (GR II) stents. These stents and control stents without drugs were implanted in porcine coronary arteries (stent/artery approx. 1.1) and evaluated 4 weeks later. The vessel size and the stent-to-artery ratio were similar between the groups. However, at 4 weeks, the paclitaxel group had significantly reduced in-stent restenosis compared with the controls (51 +/- 27 versus 27 +/- 27% diameter stenosis, P < 0.05 and 669 +/- 357 versus 403 +/- 197 microm neointimal thickness, P < 0.05). This study further confirmed the biocompatibility of the polymer, with no foreign body reaction in any of the groups. This study shows that the paclitaxel-coated stents significantly reduced in-stent restenosis without eliciting inflammation.
    Coronary Artery Disease 09/2001; 12(6):513-5. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Terminal QRS complex distortion on admission has an impact on a patient's prognosis after primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated the determinants and prognostic significance of terminal QRS complex distortion in 153 consecutive patients with AMI after primary angioplasty. The study population was divided into 2 groups according to the presence (group I, n = 41) or absence (group II, n = 112) of terminal QRS complex distortion. The primary end points were the occurrence, within 6 weeks after AMI, of death, nonfatal reinfarction, or congestive heart failure. Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. However, patients in group I had higher peak levels of serum creatine kinase than those in group II (5,100 +/- 3,100 vs 3,000 +/- 1,800 U/L, respectively, p <0.01). The rate of angiographic no-reflow (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade < or =2) was 31.7% in group I and 10.7% in group II (p <0.01). The predischarge left ventricular ejection fraction was 45.0 +/- 12.0% in group I and 54.0 +/- 8.0% in group II (p <0.01). Multivariate analysis identified the pressure-derived fractional collateral flow index and the culprit lesion in the left anterior descending coronary artery as independent determinants of the terminal QRS complex distortion. No patients died during 6 weeks of follow-up. The 2 groups were similar for life-threatening arrhythmia or reinfarction. However, there were more patients in group I than in group II with congestive heart failure (26.8% vs 5.4%, respectively, p <0.01) or who reached the primary end points (29.3% vs 5.4%, respectively, p <0.01). In conclusion, terminal QRS complex distortion on admission is associated with poor clinical outcome after primary angioplasty for AMI, and collateral flow may have a major influence on terminal QRS complex distortion during AMI.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 09/2001; 88(3):210-3. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR) are angina-free, but the optimal treatment for these patients remains uncertain. In cases with asymptomatic moderate noncritical ISR. deferral of the intervention may be safe and associated with favorable clinical outcome. We evaluated the long-term clinical outcome of asymptomatic patients (Group 1, n = 98) with moderate noncritical ISR (< 70% diameter stenosis) after intervention was deferred, and compared it with that of patients (Group 2, n = 655) without restenosis. After repeat angioplasty was deferred, all patients were treated medically and later underwent angioplasty only in the case of clinical recurrence. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. Clinical follow-up was available in all patients at 26.3+/-15.9 months. Twenty patients died during the follow-up: 1 in Group 1 and 19 in Group 2. Target lesion revascularization was performed in 3 patients in Group 1 and 11 patients in Group 2 during follow-up (p = NS), and new lesion revascularization in 2 patients in Group 1 and 27 patients in Group 2 (p = NS). Event-free survival rate (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization) was 86.7+/-6.1% in Group 1 and 84.8+/-2.2% in Group 2 at the end of follow-up (p = NS). Major adverse cardiac events were only associated with the presence of diabetic mellitus (hazards ratio 2.65, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.48-4.73, p<0.01). The percentage of patients receiving antianginal medication was similar between the two groups at the end of the study (p = NS). Asymptomatic patients with moderate noncritical ISR have a good prognosis and similar clinical outcome as those without ISR, suggesting that it may be safe to defer repeat angioplasty in these patients until angina recurrence.
    Clinical Cardiology 08/2001; 24(8):551-5. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to determine whether strategies to reduce procedural distal embolization and late repeat revascularization have resulted in more favorable outcomes after saphenous vein graft (SVG) angioplasty. Angioplasty of SVG lesions has been associated with frequent procedural and late cardiac events. Therefore, evolving strategies have been attempted to improve outcomes after SVG angioplasty. We compared our earlier experience (1990 to 1994) of 1,055 patients with 1,412 SVG lesions with a recent group (1995 to 1998) of 964 patients with 1,315 lesions. Baseline characteristics were similar between the groups. However, there were significantly more unfavorable lesion characteristics (older, longer and significantly more degenerated SVGs) in the recent series. Between the two periods, there was decreased use ofatheroablative devices, whereas stent use increased. The procedural success rates (96.6% vs. 96.1%) were similar. However, one-year outcome (event-free survival) was significantly improved in the more recent experience (70.7% vs. 59.1%, p < 0.0001), especially late mortality (6.1% vs. 11.3%, p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed stent use to be the only protective variable for both periods. This study shows that despite higher risk lesions, strategies to reduce distal embolization have maintained high procedural success. Late cardiac events, including mortality, have also been substantially reduced.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 08/2001; 38(1):150-4. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral metabolic abnormalities were proposed as a potential marker of disease severity in congestive heart failure (CHF), but their prognostic significance remains uncertain. We investigated the prognostic value of cerebral metabolic abnormalities in 130 consecutive patients with advanced CHF (100 men aged 42.6+/-11.9 years; left ventricular ejection fraction, 22.2+/-6.2%). Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy data were obtained from localized regions ( approximately 8 mL) of the occipital gray matter and the parietal white matter. The primary end point was the occurrence of death after the proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. During follow-up (18.5+/-14.4 months), 21 patients died and 15 underwent urgent heart transplantation. In the Cox proportional model, occipital metabolites (N-acetylaspartate, creatine, choline, and myoinositol), parietal N-acetylaspartate level, and the duration of CHF symptoms (>12 months) were validated as univariate predictors of death. In multivariate Cox analyses, however, the occipital N-acetylaspartate level was an independent predictor of death (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.67; P<0.001). An analysis with respect to the combined end point of death or urgent transplantation showed similar results. The best cutoff value (9.0 mmol/kg) for occipital N-acetylaspartate level had 75% sensitivity and 67% specificity to predict mortality. The occipital N-acetylaspartate level is a powerful and independent predictor of CHF mortality, suggesting that cerebral metabolic abnormalities may be used as a new prognostic marker in the assessment of patients with CHF.
    Circulation 06/2001; 103(23):2784-7. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The assessment of left ventricular electromechanical activity using a novel, nonfluoroscopic 3-dimensional mapping system demonstrates considerable differences in electrical and mechanical activities within regions of myocardial infarction or ischemia. We sought to determine whether these changes correlate with indexes of myocardial perfusion, viability, or ischemia. A 12-segment comparative analysis was performed in 61 patients (45 men, 61 +/- 12 years old) with class III to IV angina, having reversible and/or fixed myocardial perfusion defects on single-photon emission computed tomographic perfusion imaging. A dual-isotope protocol was used, consisting of rest and 4-hour redistribution thallium images followed by adenosine technetium-99m sestamibi imaging. Average rest endocardial unipolar voltage (UpV) and local shortening (LS) mapping values were compared with visually derived perfusion scores. There was gradual and proportional reduction in regional UpV and LS in relation to thallium-201 uptake score at rest (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0002, respectively) and redistribution studies (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.003, respectively). UpV > or = 7.4 mV and LS > or = 5.0% had a sensitivity of 78% and 65%, respectively, with a specificity of 68% and 67% for detecting viable myocardium. UpV values of 12.3 and 5.4 mV had 90% specificity and sensitivity, respectively, to predict viable tissue. UpV, but not LS, values differentiated between normal segments and those with adenosine-induced severe perfusion defects (11.8 +/- 5.3 vs 8.8 +/- 4.1 mV, p = 0.005). Catheter-based left ventricular assessment of electromechanical activity correlates with the degree of single-photon emission computed tomographic perfusion abnormality and can identify myocardial viability with a greater accuracy than myocardial ischemia.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 05/2001; 87(7):874-80. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Compared with balloon angioplasty, stenting has been established as an effective treatment modality to reduce restenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, the immediate results that predict favorable long-term outcomes in the acute infarct stenting are unknown. Therefore, we evaluated long-term outcomes of stenting for infarct-related artery (IRA) lesions by using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) compared with that of stenting for non-IRA lesions. IVUS-guided coronary stenting was successfully performed in 510 native coronary lesions (105 IRA vs 405 non-IRA). A 6-month follow-up angiogram was performed in 419 (82.2%) lesions: 87 (82.9%) IRA lesions and 332 (82.0%) non-IRA lesions. Coronary stenting on the IRA lesions was successfully performed within 7 to 10 days after onset of infarction in 42 patients and within 12 hours in 45 patients. Results were evaluated by clinical, angiographic, and IVUS methods. There were no significant differences in clinical and angiographic variables between the two groups. IVUS variables including reference vessel area and minimal stent area were also similar between the two groups. There was no significant difference in angiographic restenosis rate between the two groups in cases of minimal stent area > or = 7 mm(2): 12.8% (6 of 47) in IRA versus 19.1% (33 of 173) in non-IRA lesions (P = .315). However, the angiographic restenosis rate in cases of minimal stent area <7 mm(2) was 50% (20 of 40) in IRA lesions versus 31.5% (50 of 159) in non-IRA lesions (P = .028). Angiographic restenosis is significantly higher in stenting for IRA lesions compared with that for non-IRA lesions in cases of minimal stent area < 7 mm(2).
    American Heart Journal 05/2001; 141(5):832-6. · 4.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous recanalization (SR) occurs after the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but its clinical significance in the reperfusion era remains uncertain. We evaluated the determinants and prognostic significance of SR in 196 consecutive patients with AMI who underwent primary angioplasty at our institution. The study population was divided into 2 groups according to the presence (group I, n = 44) or absence (group II, n = 152) of SR (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction [TIMI] anterograde > or = 2 flow on the preintervention angiogram). The primary end point was the occurrence, within 6-weeks after AMI, of death, nonfatal reinfarction, and congestive heart failure. Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. Peak levels of creatine kinase were lower in group I than in group II (2,500 +/- 1,800 vs 4,000 +/- 2,900 U/L, respectively, p < 0.05). The rate of TIMI flow grade 3 after intervention was higher in group I than in group II (93.2% vs 79.6%, respectively, p < 0.05), and patients in group I had a faster corrected TIMI frame count than those in group II (22.7 +/- 12.4 vs 30.3 +/- 22.8, respectively, p < 0.05). Preinfarction angina (odds ratio [OR] 2.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10 to 4.33, p < 0.05), heavy thrombi (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.74, p < 0.05), and good angiographic collaterals (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.89, p < 0.05) were independent predictors of SR. Death, reinfarction, and severe arrhythmia were not different between the 2 groups. However, heart failure occurred more frequently in group II than in group I (15.1% vs 2.3%, respectively, p < 0.05). The primary end point was also significantly lower in group I than in group II (4.5% vs 18.4%, respectively, p < 0.05). In conclusion, SR in AMI is associated with faster coronary flow, smaller infarct size, and a better clinical outcome after primary angioplasty.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2001; 87(8):951-4; A3. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abciximab was shown to have important beneficial effects beyond the maintenance of epicardial coronary artery patency. However, it remains uncertain whether abciximab may lead to a better functional outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and with incomplete reperfusion after primary angioplasty (PA). The study aimed to evaluate whether rescue use of abciximab may lead to a better functional outcome in such patients. The study included 25 patients with first AMI who met the following criteria: (1) total occlusion of the infarct-related artery, (2) PA within 12 h of symptom onset, (3) postprocedural diameter stenosis < 30%, and final Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 2. Echocardiographic examination was performed before and on Days 7 and 30 after PA. The study population was divided into two groups: Group 1 (usual care, n = 13) and Group 2 (rescue use of abciximab, n = 12). Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. Peak level of creatine kinase was higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (5,800+/-2,700 vs. 3,800+/-2,000 U/I, p < 0.05). At 1 month follow-up, infarct zone wall motion score index (2.71+/-0.26 vs. 2.05+/-0.63, p < 0.01) and left ventricular (LV) volume indices were smaller in Group 2 than in Group 1, whereas LV ejection fraction was higher in Group 2 than in Group 1 (52.1+/-7.8 vs. 42.1+/-6.4, p < 0.01). At 1-month, abciximab was the only independent predictor of wall motion recovery index by multiple regression analysis. Rescue use of abciximab may reduce the infarct size in patients with AMI and TIMI grade 2 flow after PA, which may improve the recovery of regional LV function.
    Clinical Cardiology 03/2001; 24(3):197-201. · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • Cardiovascular Radiation Medicine 02/2001; 2(1):58.
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    M K Hong, S W Park, S J Park
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 02/2001; 85(1):79. · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to assess the immediate and long-term patency of stent-associated side branches (SB) according to the types of stent. A total of 314 patients with 332 lesions (CrossFlex stent 86, NIR 100, GFX 146) had 365 SB (>1 mm) covered by coronary stents. Side branch occlusion (SBO) occurred in 7.7% of CrossFlex stent, in 10.5% of NIR stent and in 8.8% of GFX stent (P = NS). SBO primarily occurred in SB with ostial disease, and the presence of SB ostial disease was the only independent predictors of SBO after stenting (OR 22.1, 95% CI 9.47-51.49, P < 0.001). At 6 months follow-up, 11 of 31 SBO regained the patency, but the remaining SB had persistent SBO. Delayed SBO occurred in 8 SB, being associated with the presence of SB ostial disease and in-stent restenosis. In conclusions, SBO was not associated with the types of stent design, but with the SB lesion morphology.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 01/2001; 52(1):18-23. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angioplasty of lesions in small coronary arteries remains a significant problem because of the increased risk of restenosis. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of elective coronary stent placement and optimal balloon angioplasty in small vessel disease. One hundred and twenty patients with lesions in small coronary arteries (de novo, non-ostial lesion and reference diameter <3 mm) were randomly assigned to either balloon angioplasty or elective stent placement (7-cell NIR stent). The primary end-point was restenosis at 6 months follow-up. Optimal balloon angioplasty was defined as diameter stenosis less than or = 30% and the absence of major dissection after the angioplasty, and crossover to stenting was allowed. Baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar in the two groups. Procedure was successful in all patients, and in-hospital events did not occur in any patient. However, 12 patients in the angioplasty group were stented because of suboptimal results or major dissection. Postprocedural lumen diameter was significantly larger in the stent group than in the angioplasty group (2.44 +/- 0.36 mm vs 2.14 +/- 0.36, P<0.05, respectively), but late loss was greater in the stent group (1.12 +/- 0.67 mm vs 0.63 +/- 0.48, P<0.01, respectively). The angiographic restenosis rate was 30.9% in the angioplasty group, and 35.7% in the stent group (P = ns). Clinical follow-up was available in all patients (15.9 +/- 5.7 months) and clinical events during the follow-up were similar in both groups. These results suggest that optimal balloon angioplasty with provisional stenting may be a reasonable approach for treatment of lesions in small coronary arteries.
    European Heart Journal 12/2000; 21(21):1785-9. · 14.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess whether a staged strategy (initial stand alone transluminal extraction atherectomy and coumadin therapy followed by stenting six weeks later) could reduce ischemic complications in degenerated saphenous vein graft (SVG) interventions, we studied 72 patients undergoing percutaneous interventions of degenerated SVG. Patients were divided into two groups; 28 were treated with a staged strategy (group I) and 44 with similar lesion characteristics were treated with a definitive initial procedure with transluminal extraction atherectomy +/- adjunctive balloon angioplasty and stenting (group II). Procedural success, major in-hospital complications (death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and emergent coronary bypass surgery), and incidence of distal embolization were compared between the 2 groups. Procedural success was lower (92% vs 100%, p = 0.14) and major in-hospital complications were higher (0% vs 11%, p = 0.14) in group II. Distal embolization occurred in 11% of the patients in group I compared with 23% of the patients in group II (p = 0.19). At 6 week follow-up (group I), 9 patients (33%) had negative symptoms, 11 (41%) underwent stent implantation, 3 (11%) did not require any further therapy (without significant stenosis), and 4 (14%) had total occlusions. We therefore conclude that this staged strategy in degenerated SVG appears to reduce distal embolization but most importantly avoids major in-hospital complications, including any deaths either at the time of initial procedure or during the 6-week follow-up period.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 12/2000; 86(9):923-6. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate determinants of coronary blood flow following primary angioplasty (PA) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The corrected TIMI (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction) frame count and the TIMI flow grade were used as indexes of coronary blood flow, and its determinants were examined in 115 consecutive AMI patients who underwent PA (pain onset </= 12 hr). The following were validated as univariate predictors of slower corrected TIMI frame count: a lower pressure-derived farctional collateral flow (PDCF) index (P < 0.01), poor angiographic collaterals (P < 0.01), TIMI flow 0, 1 before PA (P < 0.05), and the presence of heavy thrombi (P < 0.01). The PDCF index and the presence of heavy thrombi were independent predictors of the corrected TIMI frame count. Likewise, the PDCF index (chi(2) = 12.9; P < 0.01) and the presence of heavy thombi (chi(2) = 11.4; P < 0.01) were independent predictors of TIMI 3 flow. In conclusion, collateral flow and the presence of thrombi are major determinants of coronary blood flow after PA in AMI.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 12/2000; 51(4):402-6. · 2.51 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
729.26 Total Impact Points


  • 2001
    • Cornell University
      Ithaca, New York, United States
  • 2000–2001
    • New York Presbyterian Hospital
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Cardiology
      New York City, NY, United States
    • University of Arkansas at Little Rock
      Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
    • Chonbuk National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Cardiovascular Research Foundation
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1998–2001
    • University of Ulsan
      • • College of Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 1997–2001
    • Asan Medical Center
      • Department of Cardiology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Keimyung University
      • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1994–2000
    • Washington DC VA Medical Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1993–2000
    • Washington Hospital Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States