M A Barrios

Central University of Venezuela, Caracas, Distrito Capital, Venezuela

Are you M A Barrios?

Claim your profile

Publications (6)9.52 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study reports cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania chagasi/Le. infantum in Venezuela, with some atypical characteristics. Out of 63 cases of CL in the suburbs of Altagracia de Orituco, Guarico State, Venezuela, 30 presented clinical, parasitological, immunological and epidemiological features different from those of the classical CL known in the country. The initial lesion was small and nodular, which, if not treated, might progress to a superficial ulcer. No secondary infection was observed. The identification of the isolates was carried out by molecular techniques. Twelve species of phlebotomine sandflies were caught, the most abundant being Lutzomyia evansi and Lu. longipalpis s.l., known vectors of Le. chagasi/Le. infantum. The existence of Le. chagasi/Le. infantum and its vectors in an endemic area of CL has implications and we suggest that epidemiological studies should be carried out to obtain a clearer picture of the extent of this CL form in Venezuela.
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 02/2009; 103(7):721-6. · 1.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This report describes the isolation of a Leishmania chagasi strain from a bat (Carollia perspicillata), and its identification using biological methods and molecular characterization. The parasites were isolated in an artificial culture medium from a blood sample extracted from a bat heart. The isolate was then inoculated into the footpads of Balb/c mice, which subsequently developed a typical nodular leishmanial lesion; the parasites were confirmed as Leishmania by smear and histopathology. Molecular characterization of the parasites was performed by polymerase chain reaction with species-specific primers, kDNA restriction pattern following Hae III endonuclease digestion and dot blot hybridization using a kDNA probe. This report demonstrates that bats can be hosts for L. chagasi species and suggests the need for studies to determine whether they may be involved in foci of visceral leishmaniasis.
    Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 06/2008; 103(4):412-4. · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Leishmania infantum has been described as a highly polymorphic group of parasites, responsible for visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis. In this paper we report the life-cycle of L. (L.) infantum in an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis in Venezuela, by using molecular diagnosis and characterization of parasites isolated from dogs, humans with visceral leishmaniasis and sand flies. The molecular characterization was carried out by use of kDNA restriction analysis, dot-blot hybridization with species-specific probes and RFLP of the PCR products. The results demonstrated that L. (L.) infantum is the parasite responsible for VL in the island. The parasites were revealed to be genetically homogeneous with no intra-specific differences between isolates from different individuals. The highest homology of the isolates was with L. (L.) infantum from the Old World rather than with L. (L.) chagasi from the New World. Additionally, we report the geographical distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis, and the relationship with the transmission of L. (L.) infantum in the studied area.
    Parasitology 07/2005; 130(Pt 6):611-9. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new minicircle class exclusive to this specie isolated from a DNA cosmid library useful for taxonomic purposes. Experimental Parasitology 94, 143-149. In this paper we describe a new minicircle class exclusive to Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis. The minicircle class was obtained with the aid of a total DNA cosmid library. The library was screened with an EcoRI fragment isolated from L. (V.) guyanensis (M4147). After screening seven clones were selected which showed strong hybridisation. Clones were digested and hybridised with the same probe. After hybridisation only one clone containing the desired fragment was positive. The fragment sized around 1000 bp was subcloned into pBluescript for sequencing. Sequence analysis using the GCG programme showed no substantial homology with any sequences previously reported, apart from the expected homology with the conserved region of Leishmania kDNA sequences. The probe hybridised strongly only to L. (V.) guyanensis kDNA after medium stringency washing.
    Experimental Parasitology 04/2000; 94(3):143-9. · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The natural infection of sandflies by Leishmania in wild-caught specimens was studied, using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-hybridization technique. The PCR was carried out using 2 oligonucleotides (primers 3J1 and 3J2) derived from a repetitive nuclear DNA sequence. The primers support the enzymatic amplification of a fragment of approximately 500 bp, present in the nuclear DNA of Leishmania braziliensis. The expected band was observed in 5 of 65 sandflies containing flagellates. After hybridization with a species-specific probe, we confirmed natural infection by L. braziliensis. The technique allowed the identification of Lutzomyia gomezi and Lu. panamensis as vectors of L. braziliensis in an endemic area of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Urama, Puerto Cabello district in Venezuela. As far as we are aware, this work constitutes the first report of natural infection of Lu. panamensis with L. braziliensis in the study area. We also demonstrate that PCR-hybridization is a suitable approach to establish the Leishmania-sandfly relationship and will be useful in epidemiological studies of leishmaniasis in endemic areas.
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 01/1999; 93(1):47-9. · 1.82 Impact Factor
  • Parasitology International - PARASITOL INT. 01/1998; 47:219-219.