Mohamed Chebil

Hôpital Charles-Nicolle, Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia

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Publications (167)79.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our aim was to study the demographic and social characteristics of 189 living related kidney donors in Tunisia, and explore some of the social consequences of kidney donation.
    Arab journal of nephrology and transplantation. 05/2014; 7(2):129-31.
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    ABSTRACT: Citation: Ajili F, Issam BM, Kourda N, Darouiche A, Chebil M, et al. (2014) Prognostic Value of Artificial Neural Network in Predicting Bladder Cancer Recurrence after BCG Immunotherapy. J Cytol Histol 5: 226. doi:10.4172/2157-7099.1000226 Copyright: © 2014 Ajili F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Abstract Background: Artificial neural network (ANN) has been used in medicine to predict either the treatment or the investigative outcomes. The aim of this study was to validate the use of ANN models for predicting recurrence in non muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) treated by Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy.
    03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Seminal vesicle malformations are a rare cause of obstructive azoospermia, often associated with other internal genitalia and upper urinary tract birth defects. We report 5 new cases of seminal vesicle agenesis in men presenting with hypospermia and azoospermia. Imaging showed seminal vesicle unilateral agenesis in all patients. The remaining seminal vesicle was hypoplastic in 3 cases, dilated in 1 case and with abnormally thick content in another case. Vas deferens agenesis was observed unilaterally in 2 patients and bilaterally in 2 other patients. No renal malformations were detected. Genetic study showed in all cases a 46 XY karyotype without any microdeletions. A single heterozygous cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator gene mutation was diagnosed in 1 man, but not found in his partner. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection using sperm from a testicular biopsy was performed in 3 couples, without success.
    03/2014; 8(3-4):E266-9.
  • La Tunisie médicale 02/2014; 92(2):169-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies link obesity, as measured by increased body mass index (BMI) to the incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as well as to the cancer-related mortality of RCC patients. RCC is the third cancer most robustly associated with increased BMI. Understanding the role of the adipose tissue in renal carcinogenesis is therefore of major importance for the development of novel paradigms of RCC prevention and treatment. Here, we discuss the current knowledge on the impact of obesity on the development and progression of RCC as well as the role of adipose tissue-derived hormones (adipokines) in the conflict between growing tumors and the immune system.
    Oncoimmunology. 01/2014; 3(1):e27810.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Primary testicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is an uncommon extra nodal presentation, accounting for 1% of all NHL and 1 to 9% of testicular neoplasms. Median age at time of presentation is 60 years old. Anthracycline based chemotherapies are most frequently used. aim: To analyze baseline characteristics, treatment modalities and survival of six cases of primary testicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma. methods: We screened 46 testicular neoplasm cases registered from January 1999 to January 2009 and found six primary testicular lymphoma patients. These six cases were analyzed for baseline clinical features, investigations, treatment and outcome variables. results: Median age was 50 years old and median duration of symptoms was 4 months. All patients had testicular swelling. Four patients had abdominal lymphadenopathy. Most patients had diffuse large B-cell histology. All patients underwent high inguinal orchidectomy and five were treated with anthracycline based chemotherapy. Four patients completed therapy and one of them relapsed two years later. Conclusion: Primary testicular NHL is an uncommon entity and with current combined modality treatment, the outcome may be as good as nodal NHL.
    La Tunisie médicale 07/2013; 91(7):449-52.
  • La Tunisie médicale 07/2013; 91(7):472-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor of bladder carcinogenesis. The clinical impact of smoking on bladder cancer recurrence and response to BCG immunotherapy remains unclear. We sought to investigate the effect of smoking intensity on bladder cancer response to BCG therapy, and the interactions between smoking and clinicopathological factors on bladder cancer recurrence. Methods: Clinical information was obtained from 81 smokers patients (smokers at diagnosis) with NMIBC treated with transurethral resection of the bladder tumor followed by BCG immunotherapy. The distribution of smoking intensity on patient age (≥60 years or <60 years), gender, tumor grade, tumor stage, carcinoma in situ, multiplicity and tumor size was assessed. The effect of cigarette smoking on cancer recurrence was estimated using Cox proportional hazard models and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: The results showed that smoking intensity was significantly associated with response to BCG immunotherapy (p = 0.010). Univariate Cox regression analysis of clinicopathologic characteristics showed that PT1 stage, tumor size more than 3 cm and smoking intensity significantly increased the risk of recurrence (respectively, p = 0.006; p = 0.008 and p = 0.012). These results were confirmed by Kaplan-Meier survival curves. In addition, multivariate analysis using Cox regression selected the model involving stage, tumor size and smoking intensity as the quasi-independent predictor of recurrence.Conclusion: These findings suggest that cigarette smoking is an independent predictor for patients with NMIBC. Although the current evidence supports a positive link between smoking intensity and the risk of recurrence on NMIBC treated by BCG immunotherapy, additional studies, are needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn.
    Ultrastructural Pathology 05/2013; · 0.98 Impact Factor
  • La Tunisie médicale 05/2013; 91(5):358-359.
  • La Tunisie médicale 04/2013; 91(4):289-291.
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    ABSTRACT: The lung, the liver, the bone tissue and the brain are the most frequent sites for renal cell carcinoma metastasis. Small bowel metastasis from renal cell carcinoma is rare, with only few cases published. We report the case of ileal metastasis from operated kidney cancer revealed by ileocolic intussusception and causing intestinal obstruction in a 32-year-old woman.
    Progrès en Urologie. 01/2013; 23(1):73–75.
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    ABSTRACT: The lung, the liver, the bone tissue and the brain are the most frequent sites for renal cell carcinoma metastasis. Small bowel metastasis from renal cell carcinoma is rare, with only few cases published. We report the case of ileal metastasis from operated kidney cancer revealed by ileocolic intussusception and causing intestinal obstruction in a 32-year-old woman.
    Progrès en Urologie 01/2013; 23(1):73-5. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of delayed graft function (DGF) on the outcome of renal transplantation remains controversial. We analyzed the risk factors for DGF and its impact on graft and patient survival. A total of 354 renal transplants performed between June 1986 and April 2000 were analyzed. Variables analyzed included donor and recipient age, method and duration of renal replacement therapy, HLA mismatch, cold and warm ischemia times, biopsy-confirmed acute rejection, length of stay in the hospital, serum creatinine at the end of first hospitalization as well as graft and patient survival at one, three, five and ten years. The study patients were divided into two groups: patients with DGF (G1) and those without DGF (G2). DGF occurred in 50 patients (14.1%), and it was seen more frequently in patients transplanted from deceased donors (60% vs. 40%, P <0.0001). The cause of DGF was acute tubular necrosis, seen in 98% of the cases. Univariate analysis showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups G1 and G2 in the following parameters: average duration on dialysis (52.3 vs. 36.4 months, P = 0.006), HLA mismatch (44.9% vs. 32.11% P = 0.015), donor age (35.9 vs. 40.2 years, P = 0.026), cold ischemia time (23 vs. 18.2 h, P = 0.0016), warm ischemia time (41.9 vs. 38.6 mn, P = 0.046), length of stay in the hospital during first hospitalization (54.7 vs. 33.2 days, P <0.0001), serum creatinine at the end of first hospitalization (140 vs. 112 μmol/L, P <0.0001) and at three months following transplantation (159 vs. 119 μmol/L, P = 0.0002). Multivariate analysis revealed the following independent risk factors for DGF: deceased donor (RR = 13.2, P <0.0001) and cold ischemia time (RR = 1.17, P = 0.008). The graft survival at one, three, five and ten years was 100%, 93%, 88.3% and 78.3% in G1 versus 100%, 95.9% 92.8% and 82.3% in G2; there was no statistically significant difference. The patient survival at one, three, five and ten years was 100%, 91.3%, 83.6% and 74.4% in G1 versus 100%, 95.9%, 94% and 82.6% in G2 with a statistically significant difference (P = 0.04). Prolonged cold ischemia time and transplantation of kidneys from deceased donors were the main risk factors for DGF in our study. Also, DGF significantly affected patient survival but had no influence on graft survival.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 01/2013; 24(2):243-6.
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    ABSTRACT: In the Maghreb, organ failure constitutes a major public health problem, especially given the increasing number of patients with chronic renal failure and the high cost of care. In this study, we attempted to seek the recommendations, through a questionnaire, of various officials related to organ transplantation as well as leaders of ethics committees and religious groups in different countries of the Maghreb. The objective was to improve the rate of organ donation and transplantation. We received 36 replies (62%) within the prescribed time limit. In our survey, 83% of the respondents felt that living donor transplantation should be promoted initially, followed gradually by measures to increase cadaver donor transplantation to achieve a target of about 30 transplants with cadaver kidney donors per million inhabitants. To expand the donor pool, 83% of the respondents proposed to expand the family circle to include the spouse and inlaws. To improve the cadaver donation activity, one should improve the organizational aspects to ensure at least 50 renal transplantations per year (100%) and provide material motivation to the treatment team proportional to the activity of organ donation and transplantation. Finally, 93% of the respondents suggested suitable moral motivation of the donors.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 01/2013; 24(1):150-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy is regarded as the current treatment of choice for non muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), though its efficacy is limited by high recurrence and progression rate. Identification of factor prognosticators that might be helpful in discriminating between responders and nonresponders to BCG treatment is therefore of major clinical importance. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic factors of recurrence after intravesical adjuvant BCG immunotherapy in patients with NMIBC. Methods: we retrospectively reviewed the clinical and pathologic data of primary NMIBC from 112 patients who were treated with transurethral resection followed by BCG-immunotherapy. Time follow-up was 30 months. The prognostic significance of tumor stage, grade, multiplicity, age, sex and smoking in determining the risk for recurrence after BCG therapy was studied with both univariate and multivariate methods of analysis. Results: According to univariate analysis of the prognostic significance for tumor stage, grade, loci number, sex, age and smoking, the pT1 stage and multiplicity seem to be associated in a statistically significant manner with higher risk for recurrence (P = 0.009, P = 0.011, respectively). In the other hand, multivariate analysis showed that only multiplicity was an independent significant prognosticator. Conclusion: Significant independent predictor for recurrence was multiplicity which offers important clinical information and may be a useful tool in the selection of suitable candidates for BCG-immunotherapy.
    Ultrastructural Pathology 10/2012; 36(5):320-4. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background : Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an uncommon, necrotizing bacterial infection of the kidney. It is a severe, lifethreatening affection. Aims: To study the epidemiological, clinical, biological, bacteriological and radiological features of this affection, and to describe its therapeutic management and prognostic characteristics. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study including 30 patients who were treated for an emphysematous pyelonephritis, in Charles Nicolle hospital department of urology, from 1987 to 2009. Results: Emphysematous pyelonephritis generally affects adults. It is especially favored by diabetes and urinary tract obstruction. Escherichia coli is the main causative agent. Uroscan is the key of diagnosis. It is both medical and surgical emergency; the treatment combines intensive care with appropriate antibiotics and often drainage. Nephrectomy may be necessary from the outset, or after drainage failure. Prognosis is poor, with a high mortality rate (23 %), in our series. Conclusion: Management of emphysematous pyelonephritis poses real problems. This affection is still threatening, despite of advances in intensive care.
    La Tunisie médicale 10/2012; 90(10):725-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Kidney transplantation remains the best treatment option of end-stage renal disease. Kidney donations are of particular interest with the currently increasing practice of living-donor transplantation. The purpose of this study was to analyze retrospectively the general health status as well as renal and cardiovascular consequences of living-related kidney donation. A total of 549 living-related kidney donors had donated their kidneys between 1986 and 2007. We attempted to contact all donors to determine short- and long-term outcome following kidney donation. All kidney donors who responded underwent detailed clinical and biochemical evaluation. The data were compared with age-matched health tables of the Tunisian general population. In all, 284 donors (52%) had a complete evaluation. They included 117 men and 167 women with a mean age of 42 ± 12 years. The major peri-operative complications that occurred in these donors included four cases of pneumothorax, six cases of surgical site infection, one case of phlebitis and one case of pulmonary embolism. None of the study cases died. The median length of hospital stay after donor nephrectomy was 6.5 days (range: 3-28 days). The median follow-up period was eight years. The mean creatinine clearance after donation was 90.4 ± 25 mL/min in men and 81.5 ± 27.2 mL/min in women. Proteinuria was >300 mg/24 h in 17 cases (5.9%). Fifty-eight (20.4%) donors became hypertensive and 19.6% of the men and 37.2% of the women became obese. Diabetes mellitus developed in 24 (8.4%), and was more common in patients who had significant weight gain. Our study suggests that kidney donors have minimal adverse effects on overall health status. Regular follow-up identifies at-risk populations and potentially modifiable factors. Creation of a national registry of living donors and their monitoring are an absolute necessity.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 07/2012; 23(4):853-9.
  • La Tunisie médicale 06/2012; 90(6):498-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The dysfunction of the catheter in peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a frequent complication. However, perforation of organs are rare, particularly that of the urinary bladder. This requires an early diagnosis and prompt treatment of patients. We report here the case of a 38-year-old woman having end-stage renal disease due to autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease treated by PD since November 2000. Three years later, she was treated for Staphylococcal peritonitis. Four months later, she presented with a severe urge to urinate at the time of the fluid exchanges. The biochemical analysis of the fluid from the bladder showed that it was dialysis fluid. Injection of contrast through the catheter demonstrated the presence of a fistula between the bladder and the peritoneal cavity. She underwent cystoscopic closure of the fistulous tract and the PD catheter was removed. Subsequently, the patient was treated by hemodialysis. One month later, a second catheter was implanted surgically after confirming the closure of the fistula. Ten days later, she presented with pain at the catheter site and along the tunnel, which was found to be swollen along its track. The injection of contrast produced swelling of the subcutaneous tunnel but without extravasation of the dye. PD was withdrawn and the patient was put back on hemodialysis. Bladder fistula is a rare complication in PD and diagnosis should be suspected when patient complains of an urge to pass urine during the exchanges, which can be confirmed by contrast study showing presence of dye in the bladder. PD may be possible after the closure of the fistula, but recurrence may occur.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 05/2012; 23(3):552-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Kidney cancer is generally asymptomatic and discovered incidentally at a late stage, which is a negative diagnosis because in most cases the disease is incurable at this stage. Some predisposing factors have been revealed by studies such high blood pressure, which is a frequent among the Tunisian population. A study among the Tunisian population to determine if there is a link between the occurrence of kidney cancer and the hypertension. Our work was conducted on 91 patients with confirmed renal cell carcinoma and 91 healthy subjects who consulted the Urology Department at the Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis. The study of clinical records has identified the clinical, pathological and therapeutic features of the 182 patients. 59% of individuals with hypertension have developed kidney cancer with a significant p-value equal to 0.03. The more the value of blood pressure increases the more the risk is (p = 0.03). Smoking in combination with hypertension is a factor favoring the occurrence of cancer with a value of p equal to 0.05. In the Tunisian population hypertension is a risk factor for developing kidney cancer, a factor compounded by the high incidence of this disease. What prompts us to make explorations of kidney lodges of hypertensive patients.
    La Tunisie médicale 05/2012; 90(5):397-400.

Publication Stats

248 Citations
79.40 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1987–2014
    • Hôpital Charles-Nicolle
      Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia
  • 2013
    • Faculty of Medecine of Tunis
      Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia
  • 2012–2013
    • Institut Pasteur de Tunis
      Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia
    • Faculté des Sciences de Tunis
      Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia
  • 2008–2013
    • Hedi Chaker Hospital
      Şafāqis, Şafāqis, Tunisia