Michael Jarratt

Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States

Are you Michael Jarratt?

Claim your profile

Publications (19)49.16 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Once-daily brimonidine tartrate (BT) 0.5% gel was shown to provide significantly greater efficacy vs. vehicle for the treatment of facial erythema in patients with rosacea.Objectives To demonstrate that patient satisfaction with overall appearance is correlated with reduction in facial erythema, as measured by clinician and patient assessments.Methods Data from two identical phase III, multicentre, randomized, controlled trials of moderate facial erythema of rosacea (study A: n = 260; study B: n = 293) with topical BT 0.5% compared to vehicle gel once-daily for 4 weeks were analysed. Correlations of Patient's Assessment of Appearance (PAA) with Clinician's Erythema Assessment (CEA) and Patient's Self-Assessment (PSA) of erythema were evaluated by calculation of gamma statistics.ResultsPAA correlated with CEA post-application on Days 1, 15 and 29 for the intent-to-treat population and provided a median gamma value of 0.57 (min = 0.28, max = 0.61). PAA and PSA was also highly correlated post-application on Days 1, 15 and 29; with a median gamma value of 0.87 (min = 0.66, max = 0.89). Subjects who achieved a clinically meaningful improvement in both CEA and PSA scales were more likely to report satisfaction with the overall appearance of their skin (P < 0.001).Conclusions Both one- and two-grade improvements in facial erythema assessed by subjects (PSA) and clinicians (CEA) correlate well with PAA, a patient-centered representation of meaningful change.
    Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 07/2014; 29(3). DOI:10.1111/jdv.12587
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interdigital tinea pedis is one of the most common clinical presentations of dermatophytosis. OBJECTIVE: This phase 3 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of luliconazole cream 1% in patients with tinea pedis. METHODS: A total of 321 male and female patients aged ≥12 years with tinea pedis and eligible for modified intent-to-treat analysis were randomized 1:1 to receive luliconazole cream 1% (n=159) or vehicle (n=162) once daily for 14 days. Efficacy was evaluated at days 28 and 42 (ie, days 14 and 28 posttreatment) based on clinical signs (erythema, scaling, pruritus) and mycology (KOH, fungal culture). The primary outcome was complete clearance at day 42. Safety evaluations included adverse events and laboratory assessments. RESULTS: Complete clearance at day 42 was achieved in 26.4% (28/106) of patients treated with luliconazole cream 1% compared with 1.9% (2/103) of patients treated with vehicle ( P <0.001). Similar safety profiles were obtained for luliconazole cream 1% and vehicle. LIMITATIONS: This study was conducted in a relatively small population under controlled clinical trial conditions. CONCLUSION: Luliconazole cream 1% applied once daily for 14 days is well tolerated and more effective than vehicle in patients with tinea pedis. J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(7):838-846.
    Journal of drugs in dermatology: JDD 07/2014; 13(7):838-846.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Brimonidine tartrate (BT) 0.5% gel demonstrated significantly greater efficacy versus vehicle gel once-daily for the treatment of moderate to severe erythema of rosacea. OBJECTIVES: To assess the 30-minute speed of onset of topical BT 0.5% gel in reducing facial erythema in Phase III studies as measured by subject and clinician assessments of erythema. METHODS: Two Phase III, randomized, controlled studies with identical design in which subjects with moderate erythema of rosacea (study A: n=260; study B: n=293) were randomized 1:1 to apply topical BT 0.5% or vehicle gel once-daily for 4 weeks. Evaluations included severity of erythema based on Clinician's Erythema Assessment (CEA) and Patient's Self-Assessment (PSA) prior to study drug application and at 30 minutes after application on days 1, 15, and 29. RESULTS: 97.7% and 96.6% of subjects reported normal study completion for studies A and B, respectively. The percentage of subjects achieving a 1-grade improvement in both CEA and PSA was significantly increased at 30 minutes post-dosing with BT 0.5% gel compared to vehicle gel on visit days (day 1: 27.9 vs 6.9%, P <0.001; day 15: 55.9 vs 21.1%, P <0.001; Day 29: 58.3 vs 32.0%, P <0.001 for BT 0.5% gel vs vehicle) in study A. Similar results were shown for study B. CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily topical BT gel 0.5% is not only efficacious at reducing facial erythema but also exhibits response within 30 minutes of application in a significant number of patients throughout both Phase III studies. J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(6):699-704.
    Journal of drugs in dermatology: JDD 06/2014; 13(6):699-704.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Brimonidine tartrate, a highly selective α2-adrenergic receptor agonist with potent vasoconstrictive activity, was shown to reduce erythema of rosacea. To assess the efficacy and safety of topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% for the treatment of erythema of rosacea. Both studies were randomized, double-blind, and vehicle-controlled, with identical design. Subjects with moderate to severe erythema of rosacea were randomized 1:1 to apply topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% or vehicle gel once-daily for 4 weeks, followed by a 4-week follow-up phase. Evaluations included severity of erythema based on Clinician's Erythema Assessment and Patient's Self-Assessment, as well as adverse events. Topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% was significantly more efficacious than vehicle gel throughout 12 hours on days 1, 15, and 29, with significant difference observed as early as 30 minutes after the first application on day 1 (all P<.001). No tachyphylaxis, rebound or aggravation of other disease signs were observed. Slightly higher incidence of adverse events was observed for topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% than for vehicle; however, most of the adverse events were dermatological, mild, and transient in nature. These data generated in controlled trials may be different from those in clinical practice. Once-daily brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% has a good safety profile and provides significantly greater efficacy relative to vehicle gel for the treatment of moderate to severe erythema of rosacea, as early as 30 minutes after application. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(6):650-656.
    Journal of drugs in dermatology: JDD 06/2013; 12(6):650-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tinea pedis (TP) typically is treated with topical antifungal agents. Luliconazole, a novel imidazole drug, is shown to be as or more effective in vitro and in vivo than bifonazole, terbinafine, and lanoconazole. Two treatment durations with luliconazole cream 1% were evaluated for treatment of TP. Participants with interdigital TP were randomized (N= 147) and treated with either luliconazole or its vehicle for either 2 or 4 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was the proportion of participants achieving complete clearance 2 weeks following completion of treatment. In the 2-week active treatment group, complete clearance was achieved in 26.8% (11/41) of participants versus 9. 1% (2/22) in the 2-week vehicle group at 2-weeks posttreatment. In the 4-week active treatment group, 45.7% (16/35) achieved complete clearance versus 10.0% (2/20) in the 4-week vehicle group at 2-weeks posttreatment. Twenty-three adverse events (AEs) were reported; most were mild (56.5% [13/23]) to moderate (26. 1% [6/23]) in severity. All reported AEs were determined to be unrelated (78.3% [18/23]) or unlikely related (21.7% [5/23]) to the study medication. The results of this study indicate that luliconazole cream 1% applied once daily for either 2 or 4 weeks is safe and effective for treatment of TP. More importantly, the antifungal effects of luliconazole persist for several weeks, resulting in increased rates of mycological cure.
    Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner 04/2013; 91(4):203-10.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Few long-term treatment regimens for severe acne vulgaris have been investigated in clinical trials. Data were combined from two consecutive, randomized, double-blind, controlled studies to evaluate the efficacy, safety and subject satisfaction of four nine-month regimens in severe acne vulgaris treatment. Subjects were first randomized to receive doxycycline (DCN) and adapalene 0.1% - benzoyl peroxide 2.5% (A/BPO) or vehicle once daily for 12 weeks. Subjects who had at least 50% global improvement were subsequently randomized to receive A/BPO or its vehicle once daily for 24 weeks. Over nine months, there were four regimens: A/BPO and DCN followed by A/BPO, vehicle and DCN followed by A/BPO, A/BPO and DCN followed by vehicle, and vehicle and DCN followed by vehicle. Among the four regimens, A/BPO and DCN followed by A/BPO led to the highest percentage of subjects rated "clear" or "almost clear" (50.0% vs. 40.4%, 26.2% and 25.0%, respectively), biggest reduction in total lesion counts (76% vs. 70%, 51% and 47%, respectively) and greatest subject satisfaction (85.0% vs. 75.5%, 63.3% and 52.4%, respectively) at week 36. It provided a faster onset of action compared to groups started with vehicle and DCN (P<.05 at week 2). Subjects receiving A/BPO and DCN followed by vehicle experienced deterioration once the active treatment was discontinued. All regimens were safe and well-tolerated. In conclusion, efficacious initial therapy and long-term treatment are both important. An initial combination therapy with adapalene-BPO and DCN followed by longer-term adapalene-BPO treatment is an efficacious and satisfactory new regimen for severe acne subjects.
    Journal of drugs in dermatology: JDD 02/2012; 11(2):174-80.
  • Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 12/2011; 138(12):A186-A187. DOI:10.1016/j.annder.2011.10.155
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Erythema of rosacea is thought to result from abnormal cutaneous vasomotor activity. Brimonidine tartrate (BT) is a highly selective α(2) -adrenergic receptor agonist with vasoconstrictive activity. To determine the optimal concentration and dose regimen of topical BT gel for the treatment of erythema of rosacea and to evaluate its efficacy and safety. In study A, 122 subjects were randomized to receive a single application of BT 0·07%, 0·18%, 0·5% or vehicle. In study B (4-week treatment and 4-week follow-up), 269 subjects were randomized to receive BT 0·5% once daily, BT 0·18% once daily, vehicle once daily, BT 0·18% twice daily or vehicle twice daily. Evaluations included Clinician's Erythema Assessment (CEA), Patient's Self-Assessment (PSA), Chroma Meter measurements and adverse events. In study A, a single application of topical BT gel reduced facial erythema in a dose-dependent fashion. A significant difference between BT 0·5% and vehicle in Chroma Meter redness value was observed from 30min to 12h after application. In study B, BT 0·5% once daily had a statistically superior success profile (defined as a two-grade improvement on both CEA and PSA over 12h) compared with vehicle once daily on days 1, 15 and 29 (all P<0·001). No tachyphylaxis, rebound of erythema or aggravation of other disease signs (telangiectasia, inflammatory lesions) was observed. All regimens were safe and well tolerated with similarly low incidence of adverse events. Once-daily BT gel 0·5% is well tolerated and provides significantly greater efficacy than vehicle gel for the treatment of moderate to severe erythema of rosacea.
    British Journal of Dermatology 11/2011; 166(3):633-41. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10716.x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acne vulgaris is a chronic and frequently recurring disease. A fixed-dose adapalene-benzoyl peroxide (adapalene-BPO) gel is an efficacious and safe acne treatment. To assess the long-term effect of adapalene-BPO on relapse prevention among patients with severe acne after successful initial treatments. This is a multicentre, double-blind, randomized and controlled study. In total, 243 subjects who had severe acne vulgaris and at least 50% global improvement after a previous 12-week treatment were randomized into the present study to receive adapalene-BPO gel or its vehicle once daily for 24 weeks. At week 24, compared with vehicle, adapalene-BPO resulted in significantly higher lesion maintenance success rate (defined as having at least 50% improvement in lesion counts achieved in initial treatment) for all types of lesions (total lesions: 78·9% vs. 45·8%; inflammatory lesions: 78·0% vs. 48·3%; noninflammatory lesions: 78·0% vs. 43·3%; all P < 0·001). Significantly more subjects with adapalene-BPO than with vehicle had the same or better Investigator's Global Assessment score at week 24 than at baseline (70·7% vs. 34·2%; P < 0·001). The time when 25% of subjects relapsed was 175 days with adapalene-BPO and 56 days with vehicle (17 weeks earlier; P < 0·0001). Adapalene-BPO led to further decrease of lesion counts during the study and 45·7% of subjects were 'clear' or 'almost clear' at week 24. It was also safe and well tolerated in the study. Adapalene-BPO not only prevents the occurrence of relapse among patients with severe acne, but also continues to reduce disease symptoms during 6 months.
    British Journal of Dermatology 04/2011; 164(6):1376-82. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10344.x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acne vulgaris is a common chronic skin disease affecting roughly 15 percent of the general population and up to 85 percent of adolescents and young adults. Adapalene, a synthetic naphthoic acid derivative with retinoid activity, has demonstrated good clinical efficacy in the treatment of acne if used with full compliance. To evaluate the efficacy and assess safety of a new adapalene formulation, adapalene 0.1% lotion, versus the lotion vehicle in subjects with acne vulgaris. Subjects were randomized to receive either adapalene 0.1% lotion or its vehicle once daily for 12 weeks in two multicenter, randomized, vehicle-controlled, double-blind, parallel group studies. Efficacy was evaluated using two co-primary endpoints: Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) of success rate (defined as the proportion of subjects who achieved at least a two point reduction, on a 5-point scale, from baseline to week 12 in IGA score); and the absolute change from baseline to week 12 in total, inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions. Signs of local skin irritation and routine clinical safety parameters were evaluated throughout both studies. In total, 2,141 subjects were included in the two studies: 1,068 patients received adapalene 0.1 percent lotion and 1073 received the vehicle. In both studies, adapalene 0.1% lotion was shown to be significantly more effective than its vehicle in improvement in the IGA success rate. Adapalene 0.1% lotion was also significantly superior to its vehicle in all three lesion reduction measures: total, inflammatory and non-inflammatory. Reports of application site skin irritation in the adapalene 0.1% lotion treatment group were transient and mild or moderate in severity, with only a few being severe. Additionally, according to patient surveys, the lotion formulation was found to be easily spreadable, easily absorbed and pleasant to use. Adapalene 0.1% lotion used once a day for 12 weeks is effective and well tolerated in the treatment of acne vulgaris.
    Journal of drugs in dermatology: JDD 06/2010; 9(6):639-46.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Rosacea is a leading reason why people seek the care of a dermatologist, accounting for nearly 7 million office visits annually. Pharmacologic treatments include both topical and oral medications, which are increasingly being used in combination, especially at the outset of therapy. This exploratory study assesses the safety, effectiveness and speed of onset of two common topical agents for the treatment of rosacea--azelaic acid gel (AzA) 15% and metronidazole gel 1%--used in conjunction with anti-inflammatory dose doxycycline (40 mg once daily). Men and women (n = 207) with mild-to-moderate papulopustular rosacea were enrolled and randomized to receive either AzA gel 15% twice daily plus doxycycline 40 mg once daily (AzA group) or metronidazole gel 1% once daily plus doxycycline 40 mg once daily (Metro group) for 12 weeks. Both regimens were safe, efficacious and well tolerated. Efficacy parameters revealed a possible trend toward greater and earlier benefit with the AzA-based regimen than with the metronidazole-based regimen. These findings warrant further investigation in a sufficiently powered study.
    Journal of drugs in dermatology: JDD 06/2010; 9(6):607-13.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the risk of hemolysis in subjects with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency who were treated for acne vulgaris with either dapsone gel, 5% (dapsone gel), or vehicle gel. Double-blind, randomized, vehicle-controlled, crossover study. Referral centers and private practice. Sixty-four subjects 12 years or older with G6PD deficiency and acne vulgaris. Intervention Subjects were equally randomized to 1 of 2 sequences of 12-week treatment periods (vehicle followed by dapsone gel or dapsone gel followed by vehicle). The washout period was 2 weeks. Treatments were applied twice daily to the face and to other acne-affected areas of the neck, upper chest, upper back, and shoulders as required. Results of clinical chemical analysis and hematology values; plasma dapsone and N-acetyl dapsone concentrations; spontaneous reports of adverse events. A 0.32-g/dL decrease in hemoglobin concentration occurred from baseline to 2 weeks during dapsone gel treatment. This was not accompanied by changes in other laboratory parameters, including reticulocytes, haptoglobin, bilirubin, and lactate dehydrogenase levels, and was not apparent at 12 weeks as treatment continued. The number of subjects with a 1-g/dL drop in hemoglobin concentration was similar between treatment groups at both week 2 and week 12. The largest drops in hemoglobin concentration were 1.7 g/dL in the vehicle gel treatment group and 1.5 g/dL in the dapsone gel treatment group. No clinical signs or symptoms of hemolytic anemia were noted. After treatment with dapsone gel, 5%, no clinical or laboratory evidence of drug-induced hemolytic anemia was noted in G6PD-deficient subjects with acne vulgaris. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00243542.
    Archives of dermatology 01/2009; 144(12):1564-70. DOI:10.1001/archdermatol.2008.518
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of light-emitting diode light offers practical advantages in photodynamic therapy (PDT) with topical methyl-aminolevulinate (MAL) for management of actinic keratoses (AK). We sought to evaluate the efficacy of MAL PDT using red light-emitting diode light. We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, randomized study. A total of 49 patients with 363 AK lesions had 16.8% MAL cream applied under occlusion for 3 hours, and 47 patients with 360 AK lesions had vehicle cream similarly applied. The lesions were then illuminated (630 nm, light dose 37 J/cm2) with repeated treatment 1 week later. Complete lesion and patient (all lesions showing complete response) response rates were evaluated 3 months after last treatment. MAL PDT was superior (P<.0001) to vehicle PDT with respect to lesion complete response (86.2% vs 52.2%, odds ratio 6.9 [95% confidence interval 4.7-10.3]) and patient complete response (59.2% vs 14.9%, odds ratio 13.2 [95% confidence interval 4.1-43.1]). The study population may not be representative of all patients with AK. MAL PDT using red light-emitting diode light is an appropriate treatment alternative for multiple AK lesions.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 08/2008; 59(4):569-76. DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2008.05.031
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine the efficacy and safety of MAS063DP (Atopiclair) cream in the management of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis in infants and children. One hundred forty-two patients aged 6 months to 12 years were administered MAS063DP (n = 72) or vehicle (n = 70) cream 3 times per day to affected areas and sites prone to develop atopic dermatitis. The primary endpoint for efficacy was the Investigator's Global Assessment at day 22. Secondary endpoints included Investigator's Global Assessment at other time-points, patient's/caregiver's assessment of pruritus, onset, duration of itch relief, Eczema Area and Severity Index, subject's/caregiver's assessment of global response, and need for rescue medication in the event of an atopic dermatitis flare. MAS063DP cream was statistically more effective (P < .0001) than vehicle cream for the primary endpoint and all secondary endpoints. Treatment discontinuation as a result of an adverse event occurred in 9.9% of patients using MAS063DP cream and 16% of patients using vehicle cream. MAS063DP cream is effective and safe as monotherapy for the treatment of symptoms of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis in infants and children.
    The Journal of pediatrics 06/2008; 152(6):854-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2007.11.031
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adverse changes in bone have been reported for patients undergoing high-dose, long-term (several years) isotretinoin therapy for disorders of cornification. The effect of short-term (4-5 months) therapy at the lower dose recommended for acne on bone development in younger, growing adolescent (12-17 years) patients has not been well studied. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of a standard, single course of isotretinoin (Accutane) therapy on bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine and hip in adolescents ages 12 to 17 years with severe, recalcitrant, nodular acne. In this open-label, multicenter study, 217 adolescents (81 girls) with severe, recalcitrant, nodular acne were enrolled and treated with isotretinoin twice daily with food at the recommended total dose of approximately 1 mg/kg for 16 to 20 weeks. BMD in the lumbar spine and hip was measured at baseline and at the end of therapy by dual energy radiograph absorptiometry. There was no clinically significant mean change in BMD measured at the lumbar spine (+1.4%, range: -4.9% to +12.3%) or total hip (-0.26%, range: -11.3% to +15.0%). Hyperostosis was not observed in any patient. Typical efficacy expected in the treatment of acne was observed. A 16- to 20-week course of isotretinoin treatment at the recommended dose for severe acne has no clinically significant effect on lumbar spine and total hip BMD in the adolescent (12-17 years) population.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 12/2004; 51(5):709-17. DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2004.04.032
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate pimecrolimus cream 1% and tacrolimus ointment 0.03% in pediatric patients with moderate atopic dermatitis (AD). 141 patients (aged 2-17 years) were randomized to treatment with pimecrolimus cream 1% (n=71) or tacrolimus ointment 0.03% (n=70) twice daily for 6 weeks. At day 4, local, application-site reactions were less common and of shorter duration with pimecrolimus than with tacrolimus. Incidence of erythema/irritation was 8% (6/71) with pimecrolimus compared with 19% (13/70) with tacrolimus (P=.039). Fewer patients receiving pimecrolimus (0%, 0/6) experienced erythema/irritation lasting >30 minutes, compared with those receiving tacrolimus (85%, 11/13; P <.001). Fewer patients reported itching with pimecrolimus (8%; 6/71) than with tacrolimus (20%; 14/70; P=.073). Incidence of warmth, stinging, and burning was similar in both groups; however, reactions lasting >30 minutes were fewer with pimecrolimus (0%, 0/14) than with tacrolimus (67%, 8/12; P <.001). More patients receiving pimecrolimus rated ease of application as 'excellent' or 'very good', compared with tacrolimus (76% vs 59%, respectively; P <.020). Efficacy was similar in both groups at day 43. Both treatments were generally well tolerated with no unexpected adverse events. Pimecrolimus cream 1% had better formulation attributes and local tolerability than tacrolimus ointment 0.03% while providing similar efficacy and overall safety in pediatric patients with moderate AD.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 10/2004; 51(4):515-25. DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2004.01.051
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Treatment of melasma, a hyperpigmentation disorder, remains a challenge. The primary objective of two 8-week, multicenter, randomized, investigator-blind studies was to compare the efficacy and safety of a hydrophilic cream formulation containing tretinoin 0.05%, hydroquinone 4.0%, and fluocinolone acetonide 0.01% (RA+HQ+FA) with the dual-combination agents tretinoin plus hydroquinone (RA+HQ), tretinoin plus fluocinolone acetonide (RA+FA), and hydroquinone plus fluocinolone acetonide (HQ+FA). All agents had the same drug concentration and vehicle. A total of 641 adult patients, predominantly female, with moderate to severe melasma and Fitzpatrick skin types I through IV, were randomized to the various treatment groups. Due to the similarity of the study designs, the results of the 2 studies were combined and are reported here. The primary efficacy analysis involved the proportion of intent-to-treat patients in each treatment group whose condition had completely cleared by week 8. The results of the combined clinical trials demonstrated that significantly more of the patients treated with RA+HQ+FA (26.1%) experienced complete clearing compared with the other treatment groups (4.6%) at the end of week 8 (P<.0001). In addition, at week 8, a 75% reduction in melasma/pigmentation was observed in more than 70% of patients treated with RA+HQ+FA compared with 30% in patients treated with the dual-combination agents. The most common adverse reactions seen with all treatment groups were erythema, skin peeling, burning, and/or stinging sensation. The majority of treatment-related adverse events were of mild severity.
    Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner 07/2003; 72(1):67-72.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Topical erythromycin/benzoyl peroxide (EBP), marketed for acne treatment, must be compounded by a pharmacist and requires subsequent refrigeration, warranting the development of alternate formulations. This trial compared the efficacy and tolerability of a single-use EBP combination package (EBP Pak) with those of its matching vehicle control (VC Pak) and the original, reconstituted formulation packaged in a jar (EBP Jar). The matching VC for the original formulation (VC Jar) was used to achieve study blinding. In this double-blind, parallel-group, multicenter study, patients were randomly assigned to the 4 treatment arms. The primary efficacy evaluations were lesion reductions from baseline and treatment success (as defined by a Physician's Global Acne Severity score of 0 [clear] or 0.5 [sparse comedones with few or no inflammatory lesions]). Secondary evaluations were Physician's Global Acne Severity scores, facial-oiliness scores, and end-point patient evaluations of global improvement and treatment acceptability. Tolerability was based on the incidence and severity of adverse events. Three hundred twenty-seven patients (age range, 12-46 years) were randomly assigned to the 4 treatment groups (EBP Pak, 124; VC Pak, 42; EBP Jar. 121; VC Jar, 40). Mean percent reductions in total acne lesions, inflammatory acne lesions, and come-dones from baseline were significantly greater with EBP Pak than with VC Pak (P < or = 0.001 for the intent-to-treat patient population after 8 weeks). Statistical significance for all lesion parameters was demonstrated at week 2 (P < 0.05) and maintained throughout the study. At 8 weeks, a significantly greater proportion of patients demonstrated treatment success with the EBP Pak compared with VC Pak (28% vs 2%, respectively; P < 0.001). The EBP Pak was comparable to the EBP Jar in terms of reduction in acne lesions, Physician's Global Acne Severity scores, and end-of-treatment patient evaluations of global improvement. No serious drug-related adverse events were reported. Results of this 8-week trial demonstrate that the single-use combination package of EBP is well tolerated, effective, and comparable to the original formulation for the treatment of acne vulgaris in this selected patient population.
    Clinical Therapeutics 05/2002; 24(5):773-85. DOI:10.1016/S0149-2918(02)85151-7
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 12-week study compared Clindagel, a unique water-based gel formulation of clindamycin phosphate 1%, administered once daily, and Cleocin T, a slightly different gel formulation indicated for twice-daily use, in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Clindagel was safe and effective and equivalent to Cleocin T gel, albeit with a better tolerability profile. Clindagel is a viable alternative to Cleocin T gel.
    Advances in Therapy 01/2001; 18(6):244-52. DOI:10.1007/BF02850194