[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary cardiac osteosarcomas are uncommon tumors. They have an aggressive biology and hence poor prognosis. This report describes a 23-year-old male patient who was referred to our hospital with chest pain. Echocardiography showed a left atrial mass, and tumor excision revealed a cardiac osteosarcoma. Adjuvant cisplatin plus ifosfamide combination chemotherapy provided a disease-free survival of 9 months; unfortunately the patient died of metastatic disease thereafter.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: AIM: To share our experience in ovary-sparing surgery for teratomas in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of nine patients (mean age of 11.2 years, r 6-15 years) who had undergone ovary-sparing surgery for teratoma were analyzed retrospectively. Mean duration for follow-up was 29.5 months (r 15-75 months). RESULTS: Five patients suffered from chronic abdominal pain; two had acute colicky abdominal pain. In two patients, there was no presenting clinical symptom. Two patients were operated on emergency basis due to symptoms related with acute abdomen. On the other hand, seven were operated electively. Ultrasonography was performed in all patients. Additionally, MRI and tumor markers were performed in all but two. Main radiologic findings consisted of heterogenous cystic and solid ovarian masses predictive of teratoma. The definitive diagnosis in emergency cases were as follows: perforated appendicitis plus teratoma ; torsion of the ovarian mass with teratoma . The final diagnosis in electively treated seven patients were: unilateral ovarian teratoma , bilateral ovarian teratoma , bilateral teratoma plus appendiceal inflammatory mass , unilateral teratoma and contralateral corpus hemorrhagicum cyst . The operations were performed by open conventional surgery in six and laparoscopy in three patients. The procedures were ovary-sparing surgery in 12 ovaries, appendectomy in 2 patients and detorsion of ovary in 1 patient. The main indication for ovary-sparing surgery was the "existence of a perfect dissection plane between the tumor margins and healthy ovarian tissue". The remaining ovarian tissue was evaluated macroscopically for residual lesions. Frozen section was performed in three suspected patients and the ovarian margins were free of any tumor cell. The pathologic diagnosis was: mature cystic teratoma in 10, immature teratoma in 1 and corpus hemorrhagicum cyst in 1. The postoperative outcome and follow-up was uneventful. CONCLUSION: Heterogenous ovary mass containing solid and cystic portions with echogenic areas on ultrasound imaging is highly suggestive of ovarian teratomas. Emergent surgical intervention is indicated if there is any suspicion of ovarian torsion. Otherwise, MRI is performed for further radiological evaluation. Based on radiologic findings, ovary-sparing surgery can be safely performed if the preoperative diagnosis is teratoma and there is always a plane of dissection between the normal ovary and cyst wall.
Pediatric Surgery International 12/2012; · 1.22 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Carcinosarcoma is a rare malignant biphasic tumor which has sarcomatous and carcinomatous components. Stomach localization is very rare. We discuss the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of patients diagnosed with gastric carcinosarcoma in company with the literature review.
A 73-year-old white male patient applied to hospital with dyspeptic complaints lasting for 2months. His endoscopic examination revealed an ulcero-vegetating mass in the cardiac region of his stomach. Total gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection were performed for the patient. In the pathologic evaluation, the tumor was found consistent with Stage IIA stomach adenocarcinoma in accordance with AJCC (7edt, 2010) classification. Pathologic specimen was reevaluated by an expert pathologist for the patient with progression and liver metastasis under adjuvant chemotherapy and concomitant radiotherapy. The new pathology was consistent with gastric carcinosarcoma, and 90% of the tumor was identified as osteosarcoma whereas 10% was identified as carcinoma. Cisplatin doxorubicine-based chemotherapy was given considering the fact that sarcomatous component was dominant.(1) The patient was given 3 courses of chemotherapy. However, as the patient showed progression under therapy, he died after 14months of the diagnosis.
Gastric carcinosarcoma is a very rare and clinically aggressive malignancy. Recurrence is likely to occur with a rate of more than 50% in patients who have undergone resection within the first year following surgery, and overall survival time is 10-15months.
In refractory gastric carcinoma cases with rapid progression, we suggest that gastric carcinosarcoma with biphasic component should be taken into consideration and the pathological evaluation should be performed by an expert pathologist.
International journal of surgery case reports. 07/2012; 3(11):516-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic cystitis is an inflammatory condition characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of whole layers of the bladder wall. The condition occurs more commonly in adults. We report a case of eosinophilic cystitis mimicking a bladder tumor in a 5-year-old boy with symptoms of dysuria and urinary incontinence. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology and he underwent clinical treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and antihistamine (cetirizine). The symptoms fully resolved in follow up, which is continuing. Although very rare, eosinophilic cystitis should be considered in cases of dysuria and increased bladder wall thickness but no identified urinary tract infection.
Journal of pediatric urology 05/2012; · 1.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myofibroma/myofibromatosis is a rare mesenchymal disorder that is part of a heterogeneous group of approximately 20 disorders that are classified primarily according to the proliferation of benign fibrous elements. These lesions can arise during a wide range of ages, with many occurring in the first decade of life, and they are slightly more common in males than females. The etiology of this disease is not well understood. Clinically, patients with myofibroma/myofibromatosis present with various signs, ranging from superficial, cutaneous, purplish macules to freely movable subcutaneous masses to deep-seated fixed lesions. The definitive diagnosis is made on histopathologic grounds. The destructive clinical behavior of myofibroma/myofibromatosis in the setting of insufficient pre- or perioperative diagnostic evaluations (e.g., a failure to perform fine-needle aspiration or frozen-section biopsy) may guide the clinician toward a radical surgical procedure rather than a simple excision.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abdominal actinomycosis in childhood period is very rare and a relation to trauma is not well established. Herein we report a case that appeared subsequent to abdominal trauma. A 17 years old boy presented with left lower quadrant abdominal mass and signs of acute abdomen. The symptoms of abdominal discomfort began after a fall from height 3 months before admission. There were signs of acute abdomen at physical examination. Ultrasound of abdomen demonstrated a mass; CT scan findings pointed to a suspicious "internal hernia". An emergency laparotomy was performed. During surgery, a mass located over sigmoid colon and infiltrating the lateral abdominal wall was found. It was removed en bloc with the adjacent omentum. Except for the thickened sigmoid colon, no other pathologies were present at laparotomy. The pathology specimen revealed the actinomyces infection. The patient was treated with oral penicillin after discharge and the follow-up was uneventful. We advocate, keeping the actinomyces infection in mind in cases presenting with abdominal mass of unknown origin in childhood period.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteitis pubis is one of the important complications of inguinal hernia repair surgery occurring with the placement of sutures through the periosteum. The aim of this study is to evaluate scintigraphic and histopathological alterations associated with the use of mesh fixation device on pelvic bone, cartilage and tendons in an experimental animal model. Twenty New-Zealand young male rabbits were used. A mesh fixation device was inserted at each animal's costa-chondral junction, superior anterior iliac crest, and achiles tendon. One week prior to the surgery and 16 weeks after the operation, scintigraphic evaluation was performed. Histopathological evaluation was performed at the end of study. No nuclear activity or pathological change was found at bone site (p > 0.05). Foreign body reaction was evident at the tendon and costa-chondral site (p = 0.001). In conclusion; the mesh fixation device leads to foreign body reaction in costa-chondral junction and tendon. It does not cause any nuclear activity increase.
Annali italiani di chirurgia 01/2011; 82(1):89-93. · 0.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To standardize diagnosis and treatment of childhood Wilms tumor (WT) in Turkey.
Between 1998 and 2006, WT patients were registered from 19 centers. Patients <16 years with unilateral WT whose treatment started in first postoperative 3 weeks were included. Treatments were stage I favorable (FH) and unfavorable histology (UH) patients, VCR + Act-D; stage IIA FH, VCR + Act-D; stage IIB FH, VCR + Act-D + radiotherapy (RT); stage III-IV FH, VCR + Act-D + adriamycin (ADR) + RT; stages II-IV UH tumors, VCR + Act-D + ADR + etoposide + RT.
165/254 registered cases were eligible (bilateral, 5.9%) [median age 3.0 years; M/F: 0.99; 50/165 cases < or =2 years]. 9.7% cases had UH tumors. Disease stages were stage I 23.6%; IIA 36.4%; IIB 5.5%; III 22.4%; IV 12.1%. Cases >2 years had significantly more advanced disease. 1/11 cases with recurrent disease died; 2/165 had progressive disease, 2/165 had secondary cancers, and all 4 died. In all cases 4-year OS and EFS were 92.8 and 86.5%, respectively. Both OS and EFS were significantly worse in stage IV.
Despite problems in patient management and follow-up, treatment results were encouraging in this first national experience with a multicentric study in pediatric oncology. Revisions and modifications are planned to further improve results and minimize short- and long-term side effects.
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 04/2010; 27(3):161-78. · 0.90 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate histopathological changes in ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) from an etiological perspective.
Medical records of patients with UPJO were reviewed and pathological specimens collected. Nephrectomy materials from forensic autopsies were taken as controls. Specimens were assessed with light microscopy. Fibronectin, type 4 collagen, laminin, Bax and Bcl-2 expression for apoptosis, together with interstitial cells of Cajal determination with c-kit were determined immunohistochemically. Staining scores were evaluated semiquantitatively. Results were evaluated using Mann-Whitney U-test.
Control group comprised 14 children (median age, 3.5 years; 6 months-17 years). Study group comprised 22 children with UPJO (median age, 9 months; 1 month-10 years). Light microscopy revealed non-specific inflammation, epithelial proliferation and atrophy with fibrosis in the smooth muscle of the UPJ in all patients. Fibronectin, type 4 collagen and laminin were found to be significantly increased in UPJO at the intrafascicular space of smooth muscle and the matrix of stroma. Bcl-2 expression was increased in UPJO. c-Kit was unable to stain interstitial cells of Cajal, but staining for mast cells was significant.
High expression of fibronectin, laminin and type 4 collagen may indicate a relation to the pathogenesis of UPJO. Defective kidney morphogenesis, during branching and tubulogenesis of ureteric bud, may be responsible for this congenital pathology.
Journal of pediatric urology 09/2009; 6(2):125-9. · 1.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify misdiagnostic points of hemangiopericytomas (HPs) of the head and neck.
We reviewed our clinical records from 2000 to 2007 retrospectively and identified 5 patients with HP of the head and neck. The records of each patient with head and neck HP were evaluated for age, sex, location of primary, clinical course, treatment, and tumor embolization (if performed). Pathologic slides of all patients were reviewed to identify histologic features and correlation with the clinical course and outcome for each lesion.
Five patients with HP that arose from head and neck sites were identified. Five patients included 3 women and 2 men aged 9 to 52 years, with an average of 33.2 years. Each lesion of the patients derived from different parts of the head and neck. The most common complaints were painless mass (3 of 5) and nasal airway obstruction (3 of 5). Magnetic resonance imaging of the 3 patients reflected hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging and hypointense on T1-weighted imaging with diffuse enhancement after intravenous administration of gadolinium. Angiography was performed to all these 3 patients, and only 1 patient with cranial HP involvement did not show significant vascularity. Two patients had preoperative histopathologic results. All patients were operated on with appropriate approach. Pathologic slides of all patients were investigated and graded according to the tumor diameter, cellularity, mitotic rate, and necrosis.
Differential diagnosis of clinical features and radiologic and pathologic aspects must be managed more carefully. Diagnostic way of these tumors has different pitfalls for the clinician.
The Journal of craniofacial surgery 06/2009; 20(3):930-5. · 0.81 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Web-based virtual microscopy has enabled new applications within pathology. Here, we introduce and evaluate a network of academic servers, designed to maximize image accessibility to users from all regions of Europe. Whole-slide imaging was utilized to digitize the entire slide set (n = 154) for the slide seminars of the 21st European Congress of Pathology. The virtual slides were mirrored to five academic servers across Europe using a novel propagation method. Functionality was implemented that automatically selects the fastest server connection in order to optimize the slide-viewing speed ( http://www.webmicroscope.net/ECP2007). Results show that during 6 months of monitoring the uptime of the network was 100%. The average viewing speed with the network was 3.1 Mbit/s, as compared to 1.9 Mbit/s using single servers. A good viewing speed (>2Mbit/s) was observed in 32 of 37 countries (86%), compared to 25 of 37 (68%) using single servers. Our study shows that implementing a virtual microscopy network spanning a large geographical area is technically feasible. By utilizing existing academic networks and cost-minimizing image compression, it is also economically feasible.
Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 04/2009; 454(4):421-9. · 2.68 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Chondrosarcomas of the mandible affecting the infratemporal fossa are very rare malignant tumors. DISCUSSION: In this article, two cases of chondrosarcoma invading the infratemporal fossa are presented, and clinical, histopathologic features, and therapeutic approaches are discussed, reviewing the literature.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 09/2008; 12(3):173-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemical and physical effects of cementation cause radiographic and histological changes at bone-cement interface. These changes can be of interest in the assessment of the residual lesions and subsequent recurrences after local resection and cementation of local aggressive tumours.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the evolution and determine the stages of the changes that occur at the bone-cement interface after cementation of cavitary lesions.
We operated on 16 hind legs of 8 sheep (Ovies Aries) under general anaesthesia (Xylasin HCl, Ketamin HCl and Forane). A bone cavity of 12 cm(3) was produced by curettage of the distal femoral condyle and was filled with cement. Control radiographs were taken at 2 days; 3, 6 and 12 weeks, and again at 6 months. One sheep each time was killed after second day and sixth month and two sheep each time after the third, sixth and 12th week and the specimens underwent pathological examination.
After the first 3 weeks, a reactive fibrous membrane was detected on pathological examinations. This membrane consisted of granulation tissue, necrotic bone and bone marrow, which were replaced gradually by fibrous tissue. The radiographic revelation of this fibrous membrane was a radiolucent zone of 0.5-1.5 mm at 3 weeks. A Sclerotic rim appeared around this radiolucent zone at 6 weeks. With new bone formation the fibrous membrane disappeared at 3 months. This was seen on radiographs as the replacement of the radiolucent zone by a sclerotic ring of 0.5-2 mm. This sclerotic ring disappeared at 6 months, when a diffuse sclerosis and cortical bone thickening was detected on radiographs.
According to our findings we suggest to consider the pathological processes at the bone-cement interface in 3 phases: (1) Reactive phase (first 3 weeks); (2) Resorption phase (3-6 weeks), and (3) Formation phase (6 weeks to 6 months). We have distinguished five different radiographic stages: Stage 1-Early stage with no apparent zone (first 3 weeks); Stage 2-Radiolucent zone (3-6 weeks); Stage 3-Radiolucent zone with a sclerotic rime (6 weeks to 3 months); Stage 4-sclerotic ring (after 3 months) and Stage 5-Diffuse cortical thickening (after 6 months). Determining the phases of tissue reaction after cementation and its radiographic revelation will ease the diagnosis of residual lesions and subsequent recurrences after local resection and cementation of local aggressive tumors.
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 07/2008; 128(10):1187-91. · 1.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal osteodystrophy is one of the major causes of morbidity in patients receiving long-term dialysis treatment for renal failure and after transplantation. Its clinical implications include high-turnover bone disease, low-turnover bone disease, osteomalacia, osteosclerosis, and osteoporosis. A 13-year-old boy who had been on dialysis treatment for renal failure was admitted with a pathologic supracondylar femur fracture after a minor trauma. Radiological studies showed cystic lesions in the femoral supracondyle, left acetabular roof, and right proximal and distal tibia. Based on radiologic appearances of the lesions and on histopathologic findings of the lesion excised from the right distal tibia, brown tumor and fibrous dysplasia were considered in the differential diagnosis. Initially, serum parathyroid hormone level was slightly increased and calcium level was normal, but during follow-up, serum parathyroid hormone level increased significantly, enabling the diagnosis of brown tumor.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liposarcoma is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas in adults. Atypical lipomatous tumour (ALT) rarely occurs in the head and neck region. Histopathologic grade of these tumours affect prognosis of this disease. The mainstay of treatment for ALT is surgical excision. In this article, a case of a huge ALT arising from the head and neck region and invading nearly entire left hemi-facial region is presented. Clinical and histopathologic features and therapeutic approaches related to this tumour are discussed reviewing the literature.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 09/2007; 264(8):947-50. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare malignancy. It has generally a poor prognosis. Survival depends on the presence of metastases. Approximately, one-fourth of the cases are encountered in the head and neck region, mostly in the orbits and tongue. Surgery is accepted as the most effective treatment, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be used as adjuvant treatments. Since it is a highly vascular tumor, profuse bleeding may occur during surgery. In this article, we report a case of ASPS occurring in the larynx, an extremely rare location for this rather unusual tumor. To our knowledge, only three cases of laryngeal ASPS have been previously reported in the English literature.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 05/2007; 264(4):445-9. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is a controversy in the literature whether testicular nubbins carry malignancy risk and excision of the nubbin is necessary in patients with nonpalpable testis. It is also controversial whether vanishing testis has the same etiopathogenesis and risk with true undescended testis. The aim of this study is to investigate the histological findings of testicular nubbins in patients with nonpalpable testis and to question etiology and surgical indications for vanishing testis. We reviewed the histopathological results of 44 testicular nubbins in 40 patients (mean age: 4.1 years, range 1-13 years) with nonpalpable testis between 1992 and 2004, retrospectively. Exploration revealed 5 intraabdominal and 39 inguinal testicular nubbins. Of 44 specimens only 5 (11.3%) from inquinal testicular nubbins were found to have seminiferous tubules. Two of the five had seminiferous tubule structures with viable germ cells showing maturation correlating with age. The other two with scarce seminiferous tubules were seen on only a single area and one had Sertoli cells only. None of the excised tissue had malignant degeneration. The vas deferens was identified in 23 (52.2%), vessels in 26 (59%), calcification in 14 (31.8%) and hemosiderin in 12 (27.2%) of excised tissue. Presence of calcification in one-third of the nubbins supports vascular accident thesis in the etiopathogenesis of vanishing testis. The possibility for the presence of seminiferous tubules and viable germ cells in the testicular nubbin is low. These facts decrease theoritical risk of malingnancy. Therefore, an inguinal exploration for testicular nubbin in patients with vas deferens and vessels entering into the inquinal canal diagnosed at laparoscopy can be postponed untill testicular prosthesis implantation and the nubbin can be removed at this operation.
Pediatric Surgery International 02/2007; 23(1):41-4. · 1.22 Impact Factor