Benedict M Doorschodt

University of Amsterdam, Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands

Are you Benedict M Doorschodt?

Claim your profile

Publications (34)87.1 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The isolated perfused porcine kidney (IPPK) model has been the method of choice for the early preclinical evaluation of kidney graft preservation techniques. The preferred reperfusion conditions have not yet been determined. Here, we examined the effects of pressure- or flow-controlled perfusion and oxygenation by pure oxygen or carbogen (95% O2/5% CO2) on normothermic reperfusion in the IPPK model. Methods: Porcine kidneys were cold-stored for 24 h in histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution and reperfused for 1 h with normothermic whole blood/Krebs-Henseleit buffer medium (20/80%). Kidneys (n = 5/group) were flow-controlled reperfused with pure oxygen (1 ml/min/g; Flow-O2) or pressure-controlled reperfused (85 mm Hg mean arterial pressure) and oxygenated with either pure oxygen (Pressure-O2) or carbogen (Pressure-O2/CO2). Renal function and damage were assessed during reperfusion and NGAL and HIF-1α levels were analyzed using an ELISA. Results: Pressure-O2 and Pressure-O2/CO2 were associated with significantly better renal hemodynamics and acid-base homeostasis compared to Flow-O2. Urine protein concentrations and the fractional excretion of sodium were lower with both Pressure-O2 and Pressure-O2/CO2 than with Flow-O2. NGAL and HIF-1α levels were also lower with Pressure-O2 and Pressure-O2/CO2 than with Flow-O2. Only Pressure-O2/CO2 could demonstrate a significantly increased urine production compared to Flow-O2. The structural integrity was well preserved in the Pressure-O2 and Pressure-O2/CO2 groups, whereas diffuse and global glomerular destruction was observed in the Flow-O2 group. Conclusion: In the IPPK model, the application of pressure-controlled reperfusion with carbogen oxygenation, and to a lesser extent with pure oxygen, maintained physiological renal function for 1 h, thus providing a reliable and reproducible ex vivo evaluation of kidney preservation quality.
    European Surgical Research 10/2014; 54(1-2):44-54. DOI:10.1159/000366155 · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • B.M. Doorschodt · A. Teubner · E. Kobayashi · R.H. Tolba ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The rat is the most widely used animal species in surgical research and offers distinct advantages over the mouse in transplantation models due to its size and close genetic similarity to humans. Sequencing of the rat genome and successful application of transgenic technologies which had only been available for mice have since led to a resurgence of the use of rat models. Transplantation provides the possibility to deliver transgenes through a variety of routes which can potentially offer treatment modalities for post-transplant dysfunction and rejection. Moreover, the use of genetically encoded fluorescent light probes has enabled in vivo visualization of organs and tissue in living animals. In recent years, generation of gene knockout rats via the zinc-finger nuclease (ZFN) and transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) technologies has offered alternatives to the sophisticated embryonic stem cell based gene-targeting. In this review, we aim to provide an overview of transplantation studies involving transgenic techniques using rat models and recent advances in methods to modify the rat genome. Through novel gene modification techniques, precise, complete and conditional knockout and knockin rat models have become available which can provide promising new treatment options and opportunities for studying human transplant-related pathophysiology.
    Transplantation Reviews 10/2014; 28(4). DOI:10.1016/j.trre.2014.05.002 · 3.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Due to the drastic shortage of organ donors, clinicians are increasingly considering the use of deceased after cardiac death donors (DCD). Compatible solutes like Ectoine and Hydroxyectoine are produced by extremophilic bacteria as a cell protectant to survive in harsh environments. We hypothesized that the addition of Hydroxyectoine to Histidine-Tryptophan-Ketoglutarate solution (HTK) could ameliorate cold ischemic preservation injury of DCD livers. Material and methods: Rat livers were harvested from male Wistar rats weighing 250-300 g. Three experimental groups (n=5 per group) were studied: (1) CONTROLS: cold static storage in HTK for 24 h, (2) DCD: 30-min warm ischemia time and 24-h cold static storage in HTK, and (3) DCD+Hydroxyectoine: like DCD, but with 24-h cold static storage in HTK+Hydroxyectoine. Viability of the livers was assessed after 24 h of preservation by isolated perfusion for 45 min with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer solution. Results: (mean ±SEM, Control vs. DCD vs. DCD+Hydroxyectoine) Parenchymal enzyme release was significantly lower in DCD+Hydroxyectoine compared to DCD (AST: 9±0.54; 56.8±2.05; 32.2±7.25 U/L, ALT: 9.5±0.5; 37.75±9.6; 17.5±4.17 U/L). Bile production at the end of 45 min reperfusion was significantly higher in DCD+Hydroxyectoine (5.16±1.32; 1.36±0.34; 10.75±2.24 µL/g liver weight/45 min). Malondialdehyde values were significantly lower in DCD+Hydroxyectoine (0.8±0.09, 1.14±0.18, 0.77±0.08 nmol/mL). Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 showed significantly lower values in DCD+Hydroxyectoine (219.07±51.79, 431.9±35.70, 205.2±37.71 pg/mL) and the portal venous pressure at 45 min was lower compared to DCD (20.41±0.12, 27.47±0.45, 22.08±0.78 mmHg). Conclusions: Our data provide evidence for the beneficial role of Hydroxyectoine-modified HTK solution for the preservation of DCD livers compared to HTK.
    04/2014; 19(1):165-73. DOI:10.12659/AOT.889958
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, we assessed the safety of the new organ preservation solution polysol solution in the clinical setting of living kidney transplantation. We conducted a prospective pilot study in nine adult donor-recipient couples using polysol solution for washout and cold storage of kidney grafts. Adverse reactions possibly related to the use of polysol solution as well as renal function at 1, 6, and 12 months after transplantation were monitored. All living kidney transplantation performed in adults in our center within 2002 to 2008 using the University of Winconsin solution served as controls (n = 190). The use of polysol solution was associated with a higher acute rejection rate compared to University of Wisconsin solution at all time points. Also, antibody-mediated rejection occurred more frequently in the polysol group. Renal function at all time points was also comparable between the groups. This pilot study in living kidney transplantation is the first clinical study on the use of polysol solution. Although the study was not powered on the endpoint rejection, we observed a high number of acute rejection and antibody-mediated rejection episodes in recipients of polysol solution preserved grafts as compared to University of Wisconsin solution controls. As a consequence the study was terminated prematurely.
    Transplantation Proceedings 02/2013; 45(1):38-45. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2012.10.026 · 0.98 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The increasing shortage of donor organs has led to the increasing use of organs from non-heart-beating donors. We aimed to assess the impact of venous systemic oxygen persufflation (VSOP) supplemented with nitric oxide (NO) gas during the cold storage (CS) of warm ischemia (WI)-damaged experimental liver grafts. Rat livers (n = 5 per group) were retrieved after 30 minutes of WI induced by cardiac arrest (the WI group) and were thereafter preserved for 24 hours by CS in histidine tryptophan ketoglutarate solution. During CS, gaseous oxygen was insufflated via the caval vein with 40 ppm NO (the VSOP-NO group) or without NO (the VSOP group). Cold-stored livers without WI served as controls. Liver viability was assessed after the preservation period by normothermic isolated reperfusion for 45 minutes with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer. After 45 minutes of reperfusion, the VSOP-NO-treated livers showed significantly lower alanine aminotransferase values than the WI-damaged livers (10.2 ± 0.2 versus 78.2 ± 14.6 IU/L), whereas the control livers showed no differences from the VSOP-NO-treated livers. The mitochondrial enzyme release was lower in the VSOP-NO group (4.0 ± 0.7 IU/L) versus the WI group (18.2 ± 4.9 IU/L). An increased portal vein pressure was observed throughout reperfusion (45 minutes) in the WI group (21.7 ± 0.2 mm Hg) versus the VSOP-NO group (12.2 ± 0.8 mm Hg) and the control group (19.9 ± 0.4 mm Hg). Furthermore, the NO concentration in the perfusate after 5 minutes of reperfusion was highest in the VSOP-NO group. The release of malondialdehyde into the perfusate was significantly reduced in the VSOP-NO group (0.9 ± 0.1 nmol/mL) versus the WI group (31.3 ± 5.3 nmol/mL). In conclusion, the resuscitation of livers after 30 minutes of WI to a level comparable to that of nonischemically damaged livers is possible with VSOP supplemented with NO gas. Moreover, the application of VSOP with NO minimizes the extent of injuries caused by oxygen free radicals during preservation.
    Liver Transplantation 02/2012; 18(2):219-25. DOI:10.1002/lt.22442 · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • Shintaro Yagi · Benedict Marie Doorschodt · Mamdouh Afify · Uwe Klinge · Eiji Kobayashi · Shinji Uemoto · Rene H Tolba ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Due to the severe shortage of deceased donors, demand for living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has increased worldwide. Here, we compared POLYSOL, a recently developed low-viscosity preservation solution, and histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) for cold storage of partial liver graft in this study. Partial liver transplantations with 30% of the native liver were performed in Lewis rats. The graft livers were flushed with either HTK or POLYSOL (n = 25, respectively) and stored in the respective solution for 3 h at 5°C. Graft function was evaluated regarding ischemia-reperfusion injury and regeneration at 1, 3, 24, and 168 h after reperfusion. POLYSOL preservation resulted in improvement of portal venous flow (HTK versus POLYSOL; mean ± SEM: 16.8 ± 2.2 versus 21.6 ± 2.1 mL/min; P = 0.005), microcirculation (383 ± 63 versus 532 ± 64 Flux; P = 0.045), ALT (310.2 ± 56.1 versus 181.8 ± 17.0 IU/L; P = 0.0262), LDH (4052.4 ± 764.4 versus 2494.1 ± 410.0 IU/L; P = 0.0215), total bilirubin (21.6 ± 14.2 versus 4.0 ± 0.6 IU/L; P = 0.0236), malondialdehyde (100.0 ± 4.3 versus 69.2 ± 4.0 nmol/mL; P = 0.0015), as well histologic findings at 24 h. Liver regeneration was improved in POLYSOL with regards to liver weight (4.0 ± 0.2 versus 4.3 ± 0.3 g; P = 0.038) and Ki-67 labeling index (9.67 ± 2.17 versus 1.10 ± 0.14%; P < 0.0001) at 24 h with higher up-regulation of portal VEGF (31.55 ± 5.78 versus 91.94 ± 9.27 pg/mL; P = 0.0052). This study showed that POLYSOL improves microcirculation and thus improves the preservation quality of partial liver transplantation.
    Journal of Surgical Research 05/2011; 167(2):e375-83. DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2010.12.040 · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the effect of the perfusion pressure (PP) during machine perfusion (MP) on the preservation quality of kidney grafts, we compared mean PPs of 25 and 30 mmHg using a porcine autotransplantation model. After assessment of the microcirculation, animals underwent left nephrectomy. Thereafter, kidneys were washed out followed by 20 h of MP at 25 mmHg (MP25, n = 7) or 30 mmHg (MP30, n = 7) using a novel MP system for hypothermic pulsatile perfusion. After MP preservation, the contralateral kidneys were removed and the preserved kidneys heterotopically autotransplanted. Ten minutes after reperfusion, the microcirculation was reassessed. Seven days posttransplant, animals were euthanized and the kidney grafts removed for histological analysis. MP using a mean PP of 25 mmHg resulted in higher capillary blood flow after reperfusion. In the MP30 group, 6 out of 7 animals survived, whereas in the MP25 group all animals survived. Overall, improvement in recovery of renal function and a better preservation of structural integrity were seen in the MP25 group compared to the MP30 group. Using a novel system for hypothermic MP, a mean PP of 25 mmHg is preferred over a mean PP of 30 mmHg.
    Annals of Biomedical Engineering 03/2011; 39(3):1051-9. DOI:10.1007/s10439-010-0228-7 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cold storage using histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) solution is used widely in clinical practice for the preservation of warm ischaemia-damaged kidney grafts. This study assessed the efficacy of pulsatile machine perfusion in combination with Polysol for the preservation of warm ischaemia-damaged kidney grafts. After induction of warm ischaemia by clamping of the left renal pedicle for 30 min, pigs were subjected to left nephrectomy. Thereafter, grafts were preserved for 20 h by cold storage with HTK (CS-HTK) or Polysol (CS-PS), or machine preservation with Polysol (MP-PS). Subsequently, contralateral kidneys were removed and preserved kidneys were transplanted. Control pigs underwent unilateral nephrectomy. Renal function was assessed daily for 1 week. Kidney biopsies were analysed for morphology and proliferative response. Renal function of warm ischaemia-damaged grafts preserved using MP-PS was comparable to that of non-ischaemic controls. MP-PS and CS-PS groups showed improved renal function compared with the CS-HTK group, with more favourable results for MP-PS than for CS-PS. The proliferative response of tubular cells in the CS-HTK group was higher than in all other groups. This study demonstrated that the function of warm ischaemia-damaged kidney grafts after pulsatile perfusion preservation was comparable to that of non-ischaemic controls.
    British Journal of Surgery 03/2010; 97(3):349-58. DOI:10.1002/bjs.6879 · 5.54 Impact Factor
  • M.C.J.M. Schreinemachers · B.M. Doorschodt · S Florquin · R.H. Tolba ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The impact of different preservation solutions for washout of kidney grafts was evaluated regarding temperature, kidney weight, remaining red blood cells (RBCs) and histological evaluation after ex vivo washout using 500 mL cold preservation solution at 4 degrees C followed by 24 hours cold storage (CS). Kidneys retrieved from Landrace pigs (20-30 kg) were immediately washed (warm ischemic time 0 min [WIT 0]), using 500 mL cold University of Wisconsin solution (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), or Polysol (PS) followed by 24 hours, CS. Also, kidneys were retrieved after a WIT of 30 minutes followed by washout using HTK or PS. After washout, the weight of kidneys washed out with HTK had increased, whereas that of organs in the UW or PS group had decreased. After washout with UW, the core temperature of WIT 0 kidneys was lower than that with HTK. The time needed for washout using 500 mL solution was shorter using PS compared with HTK for both WIT 0 and WIT 30 groups. The amount of remaining RBCs was similar between all WIT 0 groups; whereas in the WIT 30 groups the amount was higher in kidneys washed out using HTK compared with PS. Histological evaluation showed less tissue injury among PS-washed kidneys compared with UW or HTK. Overall, kidneys washed-out with PS showed better preservation of structural integrity after 24 hours, CS compared with either UW or HTK. Washout of warm ischemically damaged kidneys was more effective using PS compared with HTK.
    Transplantation Proceedings 12/2009; 41(10):4072-9. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.09.089 · 0.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, a novel innovative machine perfusion (MP) system for hypothermic oxygenated pulsatile perfusion called the Airdrive (AD) has been developed. The aim of the study was to evaluate the biological safety of the AD system for perfusion preservation of kidney grafts in a porcine autotransplantation model using the low-viscosity perfusion solution Polysol (PS) in comparison with cold storage (CS) using PS or the University of Wisconsin solution (UW). In addition, we evaluated real-time microcirculation parameters. At sacrifice, grafts were retrieved for histological analysis and immunohistochemistry. After assessment of the microcirculation, left kidneys were retrieved. Following the washout, kidneys were preserved for 20 hr using AD-PS, CS-PS or CS-UW. Thereafter, contralateral kidneys were removed followed by heterotopic autotransplantation of the preserved graft. Seven days after transplantation animals were sacrificed with retrieval of the grafts for histological analysis. Renal function, renal microcirculation and tissue injury including the proliferative response of tubular epithelial cells (TECs) were compared. Preservation using AD-PS or CS-PS resulted in higher microcirculatory flow compared with CS-UW. Improved recovery of renal function was seen in the AD-PS and CS-PS groups compared with CS-UW. Structural integrity was better preserved using AD-PS compared with both CS groups. Proliferative response of TECs was higher in CS-UW preserved grafts compared to grafts preserved using AD-PS. This study demonstrates the biological safety of the AD system in a porcine autotransplantation model. Also, the microcirculation was better preserved and less morphological injury was observed after 20 hr MP compared with CS.
    The International journal of artificial organs 10/2009; 32(10):728-38. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The most widely used preservation method for kidney grafts is cold static storage (CS) using the University of Wisconsin (UW) solution. To date, new preservation solutions have not been able to significantly improve preservation quality of grafts. The aim of this study was to compare POLYSOL, a recently developed low viscosity preservation solution, and the UW solution for CS of porcine kidney grafts. In a porcine autotransplantation model, real-time parameters of the renal microcirculation were evaluated using the novel oxygen-to-see (O2C) combined laser Doppler and flowmetry system. Thereafter, kidneys were retrieved and washed out with POLYSOL or UW followed by 20-h CS. After the preservation period, the contralateral kidneys were removed and the preserved kidneys autotransplanted. The microcirculation was re-assessed at 10 min after reperfusion and at 7 days posttransplant, prior to removal of the grafts for histological evaluation. POLYSOL was able to better preserve the microcirculation compared to UW as expressed by higher values of capillary blood flow, blood flow velocity and tissue oxygen saturation values. In addition, CS using POLYSOL resulted in improved functional recovery demonstrated by lower posttransplant serum creatinine and blood urea values in comparison to the UW group. Also, structural integrity was better preserved in the POLYSOL group, compared to UW. This study in a clinically relevant large animal model showed that a new preservation solution, POLYSOL, resulted in improved preservation quality of kidney grafts compared to the UW solution.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 11/2008; 24(3):816-24. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfn559 · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • M. C. Schreinemachers · B M. Doorschodt · T M. van Gulik · R H. Tolba ·

    Transplantation 07/2008; 86(Supplement):393-394. DOI:10.1097/ · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • M C. Schreinemachers · B M. Doorschodt · M M. Idu · R H. Tolba · T M. van Gulik ·

    Transplantation 07/2008; 86(Supplement):53-54. DOI:10.1097/ · 3.83 Impact Factor

  • Transplantation 07/2008; 86(Supplement). DOI:10.1097/ · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We sought to assess the efficacy of POLYSOL, a low-viscosity, colloid-based organ preservation solution, for the preservation of warm ischemically damaged kidney grafts compared with histidine-tryptophane-ketoglutarate (HTK) solution. Pigs (25-30 kg) underwent a left nephrectomy after clamping the renal vessels for 30 minutes. Kidney grafts washed out with Polysol (n = 6) or HTK (n = 6) were cold stored (CS) for 20 hours at 4 degrees C. After the preservation period, the contralateral kidney was removed and the preserved kidney implanted heterotopically. Renal function was assessed daily for 7 days. Thereafter, animals were killed and the kidney grafts removed for histologic analysis. All animals survived for 7 days. All Polysol CS-preserved grafts showed immediate function, as demonstrated by urine production within 24 hours after reperfusion as compared with 3/6 grafts in the HTK CS group. Overall, the Polysol CS group showed improved renal function compared with HTK CS. Also, peak serum creatinine and blood urea values were lower in the Polysol CS group compared with HTK-preserved grafts. Histologic evaluation of warm ischemically damaged grafts showed less glomerular shrinking, less tubular damage, less edema, less inflammatory infiltration, and less necrosis in Polysol compared with HTK-preserved grafts. Application of Polysol solution for washout and CS preservation of warm ischemically damaged kidney grafts resulted in improved renal function and structural integrity when compared with HTK.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2008; 41(1):32-5. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2008.08.146 · 0.98 Impact Factor
  • Marie-Claire JM Schreinemachers · Benedict M Doorschodt · Thomas M van Gulik ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose of review: Although successful machine perfusion procedures of the liver were first performed almost four decades ago, technical and logistical constraints have prevented general acceptance. Interest in the procedure has recently been renewed due to its potential to resuscitate marginal organs. This review describes experimental and clinical liver hypothermic machine perfusion studies and current developments. Recent findings: Experimental studies have shown that oxygenated hypothermic machine perfusion provides a complete washout and can restore parenchymal energy status, a phenomenon of particular importance in preservation of livers from compromised donors. Additionally, perfusion of the hepatic artery can prevent ischemic-type biliary lesions. Short-term and continuous hypothermic machine perfusion prior to or after cold storage preservation have proven more effective than cold storage alone. Summary: The benefits of hypothermic machine perfusion for both heart-beating and nonheart-beating liver grafts seem promising in terms of expanding the donor pool. As liver hypothermic machine perfusion systems are not yet commercially available, the process is currently only clinically used for kidney grafts. Clinical application appears feasible in the near future as new, easy-to-use systems and solutions are currently under development.
    Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation 05/2007; 12(3):224-230. DOI:10.1097/MOT.0b013e32814e6bc2 · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Liver grafts are frequently discarded due to steatosis. Steatotic livers can be classified as suboptimal and deteriorate rapidly during hypothermic static preservation, often resulting in graft nonfunction. Hypothermic machine perfusion (MP) has been introduced for preservation of donor livers instead of cold storage (CS), resulting in superior preservation outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare CS and MP for preservation of the steatotic donor rat liver. Liver steatosis was induced in male Wistar rats by a choline-methionine-deficient diet. After 24 hours hypothermic CS using the University of Wisconsin solution (UW) or MP using UW-Gluconate (UW-G), liver damage (liver enzymes, perfusate flow, and hyaluronic acid clearance) and liver function (bile production, ammonia clearance, urea production, oxygen consumption, adenosine triphosphate [ATP] levels) were assessed in an isolated perfused rat liver model. Furthermore, liver biopsies were visualized by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Animals developed 30 to 60% steatosis. Livers preserved by CS sustained significantly more damage as compared to MP. Bile production, ammonia clearance, urea production, oxygen consumption, and ATP levels were significantly higher after MP as compared to CS. These results were confirmed by histology. In conclusion, MP improves preservation results of the steatotic rat liver, as compared to CS.
    Liver Transplantation 04/2007; 13(4):497-504. DOI:10.1002/lt.21039 · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Koichiro Hata · Rene Hany Tolba · Lai Wei · Benedict Marie Doorschodt · Reinhard Büttner · Yuzo Yamamoto · Thomas Minor ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic shortage of donor organs has led to acceptance of steatotic livers as grafts, although there is a higher risk of primary graft dysfunction. We herein report the beneficial impact of Polysol, a newly developed preservation solution, on cold storage of steatotic rat livers. Dietary hepatic steatosis was induced in Wistar rats by 2-day fasting and subsequent 3-day re-feeding with a fat-free, carbohydrate-rich diet. Fatty livers were retrieved, flushed and then stored at 4 degrees C for 24 hours with either HTK or Polysol. Functional integrity of the grafts was evaluated by isolated reperfusion with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer at 37 degrees C for 45 minutes in both groups. Polysol preservation resulted in significant reductions of not only parenchymal (AST (IU/L); 6728+/-824 in HTK vs. 3107+/-718 in Polysol; P < 0.001) but also mitochondrial (GLDH (IU/L); 3189+/-773 vs. 1282+/-365; P < 0.01) enzyme release throughout reperfusion. Moreover, PVP (16.9+/-2.7 vs. 7.8+/-1.5 mmHg; P < 0.05), hepatic O2 consumption (0.291+/-0.047 vs. 1.056+/-0.053 micromol/g liver/min; P < 0.001), tissue ATP content (0.695+/-0.086 vs. 1.340+/-0.157 micromol/g dry-liver; P < 0.005), bile production (0.79+/-0.11 vs. 4.08+/-0.66 microL/g liver/45-min; P < 0.001), malondialdehyde into the perfusate (1.922+/-0.198 vs. 0.573+/-0.094 nmol/L; P < 0.0001) and wet/dry-weight ratio of the liver tissues (5.20+/-0.31 vs. 3.85+/-0.15; P < 0.005) were all better preserved by Polysol. In line with these benefits, electron microscopy revealed that Polysol preservation substantially suppressed deleterious mitochondrial alterations in steatotic livers. In conclusion, cold storage using Polysol resulted in significantly better integrity and function of steatotic livers. Polysol, therefore, may be a new alternative especially for "marginal" organs.
    Liver Transplantation 01/2007; 13(1):114-21. DOI:10.1002/lt.20957 · 4.24 Impact Factor

  • Cryobiology 12/2006; 53(3):372-373. DOI:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2006.10.015 · 1.59 Impact Factor
  • Maud Bessems · Benedict M Doorschodt · Peter S Albers · Alfred J Meijer · Thomas M van Gulik ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ischemically damaged donor livers are prone to graft non-function. This can in part be explained by a suboptimal wash-out during procurement. An enriched machine perfusion (MP) preservation solution for livers, named Polysol, was developed. The aim of this study was to investigate the type of flush solution, temperature and anticoagulant content on the wash-out of the non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) rat liver. Rat livers were flushed after 30 min warm ischemia. After excision, livers were reperfused at 37 degrees C, with analysis of damage and function, concerning (1) solutions (University of Wisconsin (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) and Polysol); (2) temperature (4 degrees C, 18 degrees C and 37 degrees C); (3) addition of heparin and (4) wash-out followed by 24 h MP. (1) Reperfusion results were inferior in the UW group; (2) less damage and improved function were seen after wash-out using Polysol at 37 degrees C; (3) No effects were seen of the addition of heparin to Polysol; (4) MP after wash-out using HTK resulted in more liver damage and decreased liver function as compared with wash-out using Polysol. Polysol is applicable as a flush solution for the NHBD liver, resulting in equal to better wash-out as compared with UW and HTK. The best temperature for this NHBD wash-out is 37 degrees C.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 10/2006; 26(7):880-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1478-3231.2006.01295.x · 4.85 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

408 Citations
87.10 Total Impact Points


  • 2005-2013
    • University of Amsterdam
      • Department of Surgery
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 2009-2012
    • RWTH Aachen University
      • Institute for Laboratory Animal Science and Central Laboratory for Laboratory Animal Science
      Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2004-2007
    • Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
      • Department of Surgery
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands

We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on ResearchGate. Read our cookies policy to learn more.