Gary L Goldberg

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (160)640.47 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To present a case of recurrent vulvar fibromatosis in an adolescent, discuss the specific difficulties of treating adolescents, and review the literature on available treatment.
    Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the efficacy of image-guided drainage versus antibiotic-only treatment of pelvic abscesses.
    Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 07/2014; · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is an established risk factor for development of endometrial cancer. We hypothesized that obesity might also be associated with an earlier age at endometrial cancer diagnosis, because mechanisms that drive the obesity-endometrial cancer association might also accelerate tumorigenesis.
    Obstetrics and gynecology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine how often an elevated cancer antigen (CA) 19-9 (≥ 37 U/mL) was present during the preoperative evaluation of women with a mature cystic teratoma (MCT). This was a retrospective, consecutive case series (N = 139) of histologically proven MCT treated at Montefiore Medical Center from 1997 to 2008. Data were analyzed for patient and tumor characteristics, tumor markers (CA 19-9, CA 125, and carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA]), preoperative imaging, and procedure. CA 19-9 was elevated in 37.4% of patients. Elevated CA 19-9 was not significantly associated with age, race, CA 125 (≥35 U/mL), CEA (≥5 ng/mL), MCT size, or the presence of bilateral MCTs. Of the patients, 59% were ≥40 years old. Age <40 years was associated with cystectomy rather than oophorectomy (P < .001), regardless of CA 19-9 (P = .09). Elevated preoperative CA 19-9 in patients with MCT was associated with increased preoperative computed tomography (P = .04).
    Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) 02/2014; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myxofibrosarcoma or malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma. However, primary pelvic and retroperitoneal myxoid is an extremely rare tumor. We report a case of a 49-year-old woman diagnosed with primary MFH originating from the left gluteal muscle and presenting with a large pelvic mass. A 49-year-old woman G0 presented with a 3-year history of progressive left leg sciatica pain, left lower extremity edema, and a pelvic mass consistent with low-grade malignant fibrous histiocytoma upon surgical resection. Despite adjuvant radiotherapy (RT), she developed recurrence underwent within 7 months. She underwent repeat surgical resection with histopathology showing a MFH with high-grade features. We describe this case and review the literature of MFH. MFH of the pelvis and retroperitoneum is extremely rare. It has a high mortality rate and short overall survival. The tumor is characterized by local invasion, while lymph node or vascular metastases are uncommon. Complete tumor resection is the best primary treatment and is usually followed by adjuvant RT or chemotherapy. These patients must have close observation for local recurrence.
    Comparative Clinical Pathology 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To compare rigosertib versus cisplatin as an effective radiosensitizing agent for cervical malignancies. Methods and Materials Rigosertib and cisplatin were tested in cervical cancer cell lines, HeLa and C33A. A 24-hour incubation with rigosertib and cisplatin, before irradiation (2-8 Gy), was used for clonogenic survival assays. Cell cycle analysis (propidium iodide staining) and DNA damage (γ-H2AX expression) were evaluated by fluorescence-activated cell sorter cytometry. Rigosertib was also tested in vivo in tumor growth experiments on cervical cancer xenografts. Results Rigosertib was demonstrated to induce a G2/M block in cancer cells. Survival curve comparison revealed a dose modification factor, as index of radiosensitization effect, of 1.1-1.3 for cisplatin and 1.4-2.2 for rigosertib. With 6-Gy irradiation, an increase in DNA damage of 15%-25% was achieved in both HeLa and C33A cells with cisplatin pretreatment, and a 71-108% increase with rigosertib pretreatment. In vivo tumor growth studies demonstrated higher performance of rigosertib when compared with cisplatin, with 53% longer tumor growth delay. Conclusions Rigosertib was more effective than cisplatin when combined with radiation and caused minimal toxicity. These data support the need for clinical trials with rigosertib in combination therapy for patients with cervical carcinoma.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 01/2014; · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes are risk factors for the development of uterine cancer. Although greater progression free survival among diabetic patients with ovarian and breast cancer using metformin have been reported, no studies have assessed the association of metformin use with survival in women with endometrial cancer (EC). Methods: We conducted a single-institution retrospective cohort study of all patients treated for uterine cancer from January 1999 through December 2009. Demographic, medical, social, and survival data were abstracted from medical records and the national death registry. Overall survival (OS) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Cox models were utilized for multivariate analysis. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results: Of 985 patients, 114 (12%) had diabetes and were treated with metformin, 136 (14%) were diabetic but did not use metformin, and 735 (74%) had not been diagnosed with diabetes. Greater OS was observed in diabetics with non-endometrioid EC who used metformin than in diabetic cases not using metformin and non-endometrioid EC cases without diabetes (log rank test (p=0.02)). This association remained significant (hazard ratio=0.54, 95% CI: 0.30-0.97, p<0.04) after adjusting for age, clinical stage, grade, chemotherapy treatment, radiation treatment and presence of hyperlipidemia in multivariate analysis. No association between metformin use and OS in diabetics with endometrioid histology was observed. Conclusion: Diabetic EC patients with non-endometrioid tumors who used metformin had lower risk of death than women with EC who did not use metformin. These data suggest that metformin might be useful as adjuvant therapy for non-endometrioid EC.
    Gynecologic Oncology 11/2013; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aggressive care interventions at the end of life (ACE) are reported metrics of sub-optimal quality of end of life care that are modifiable by palliative medicine consultation. Our objective was to evaluate the association of inpatient palliative medicine consultation with ACE scores and direct inpatient hospital costs of patients with gynecologic malignancies. A retrospective review of medical records of the past 100 consecutive patients who died from their primary gynecologic malignancies at a single institution was performed. Timely palliative medicine consultation was defined as exposure to inpatient consultation≥30days before death. Metrics utilized to tabulate ACE scores were ICU admission, hospital admission, emergency room visit, death in an acute care setting, chemotherapy at the end of life, and hospice admission <3days. Inpatient direct hospital costs were calculated for the last 30days of life from accounting records. Data were analyzed using Fisher's Exact, Mann-Whitney U, Kaplan-Meier, and Students T testing. 49% of patients had a palliative medicine consultation, 18% had timely consultation. Median ACE score for patients with timely palliative medicine consultation was 0 (range 0-3) versus 2 (range 0-6) p=0.025 for patients with untimely/ no consultation. Median inpatient direct costs for the last 30days of life were lower for patients with timely consultation, $0 (range 0-28,019) versus untimely, $7729 (0-52,720), p=0.01. Timely palliative medicine consultation was associated with lower ACE scores and direct hospital costs. Prospective evaluation is needed to validate the impact of palliative medicine consultation on quality of life and healthcare costs.
    Gynecologic Oncology 10/2013; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma (EIC) is a rare pathologic variant of uterine serous carcinoma (USC). Our aim is to distinguish patterns of clinic-pathologic outcomes in patients with EIC and USC for disease limited to the endometrium (stage 1A) as well as with distant metastasis (stage 4B). Surgically staged patients were retrospectively identified and relevant variables were extracted and compared. Kaplan-Meier was used to generate the survival data. More USC (n = 29) exhibited lymphovascular invasion (stage 4, P = .01) and expressed higher levels of estrogen receptor-α than EIC (P = .0009 and .063 for stages 1 and 4, respectively). The survival is comparable, with 1 recurrence in each group for stage 1A disease. For stage 4 EIC and USC, the progression-free survival (14 vs10 months) and overall survival (19 vs 20 months) are similar to what is previously published. In conclusion, EIC, whether limited to the endometrium, or widely metastatic, imparts similar outcomes and should be treated comparably with stage-matched USC.
    Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) 09/2013; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is a scarcity of outcome data regarding phase 1 trials for patients with gynecologic malignancy. The objective of this study was to assess toxicity, clinical benefit and prognosticators in gynecologic oncology patients participating in phase 1 trials. All phase 1 oncology trials conducted at Albert Einstein Cancer Center from 1999-2010 were reviewed and extracted for relevant demographic and clinical data concerning patients with gynecologic malignancy. Cox-proportional and logistic regression modeling were used for multivariate analysis. 120 distinct patients with gynecologic malignancy participated in 41 trials, constituting 30.6% of all phase 1 patients enrolled in the same time period. The median age is 59 years. Out of the 184 patients enrolled, 160 individual responses were evaluable. Seventeen DLT events (9.2%) occurred, including 1 (0.5%) treatment-related mortality. There were 27.2% ≥ grade 3 hematologic and 24.4% non-hematologic toxicity. Eighty patients had stable disease (SD, 50%), including 21.9% with SD ≥ 4 months, 11 (6.3%) with partial response (PR), and 3 (1.9%) achieving complete response (CR). The clinical benefit rate (CBR=SD + CR + PR) was 58.1%. Albumin (Alb) ≤ 3.5g/dL and abnormal ANC were independent negative prognosticators of survival. We also found a continuous correlation between changes in Albumin (p=0.02) and LDH (p=0.02) and odds of achieving CBR ≥ 4month. Our clinical outcome and safety data suggested that phase 1 trials may be a reasonable option for patients with advanced and recurrent gynecologic cancer. The potential prognosticators identified should be further validated in larger trials.
    Gynecologic Oncology 07/2013; · 3.93 Impact Factor
  • Gynecologic Oncology. 07/2013; 130(1):e8–e9.
  • Gynecologic Oncology. 07/2013; 130(1):e8.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer constitutes nearly 4% of all cancers among women and is the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancies in the Western world. Standard first line adjuvant chemotherapy treatments include Paclitaxel (Taxol) and platinum-based agents. Taxol, epothilone B (EpoB) and discodermolide belong to a family of anti-neoplastic agents that specifically interferes with microtubules and arrests cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Despite initial success with chemotherapy treatment, many patients relapse due to chemotherapy resistance. In vitro establishment of primary ovarian cancer cells provides a powerful tool for better understanding the mechanisms of ovarian cancer resistance. We describe the generation and characterization of primary ovarian cancer cells derived from ascites fluids of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: Chemosensitivity of these cell lines to Taxol, EpoB and discodermolide was tested, and cell cycle analysis was compared to that of immortalized ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV3 and Hey. The relationship between drug resistance and alphabeta-tubulin and p53 status was also investigated. RESULTS: All newly generated primary cancer cells were highly sensitive to the drugs. alphabeta-tubulin mutation was not found in any primary cell lines tested. However, one cell line that harbors p53 mutation at residue 72 (Arg to Pro) exhibits altered cell cycle profile in response to all drug treatments. Immortalized ovarian cancer cells respond differently to EpoB treatment when compared to primary ovarian cancer cells, and p53 polymorphism suggests clinical significance in the anti-tumor response in patients. CONCLUSIONS: The isolation and characterization of primary ovarian cancer cells from ovarian cancer patient's specimens contribute to further understanding the nature of drug resistance to microtubule interacting agents (MIAs) currently used in clinical settings.
    Cancer Cell International 04/2013; 13(1):33. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are limited data regarding the end-of-life care for women with gynecologic malignancies. We set out to generate pilot data describing the care that women with gynecologic malignancies received in the last 6 months of life. Patient demographics, patterns of care, and utilization of palliative medicine consultation services were evaluated. One hundred patients who died of gynecologic malignancies were identified in our institutional database. Only patients who had received treatment with a gynecologic oncologist within 1 year of death were included. Medical records were reviewed for relevant information. Data were abstracted from the electronic medical record, and analyses were made using Student t test and Mann-Whitney U test with SPSS software. The mean age of patients was 60 years (range, 30-94 years). Racial/ethnic distribution was as follows: 38%, white; 34%, black; and 15%, Hispanic. Seventy-five percent of patients received chemotherapy within the last 6 months of life, and 30% received chemotherapy within the last 6 weeks of life. The median number of days hospitalized during the last 6 months of life was 24 (range, 0-183 days). During the last 6 months of life, 19% were admitted to the intensive care unit, 17% were intubated, 5% had terminal extubation, and 13% had cardiopulmonary resuscitative efforts. Sixty-four percent had a family meeting, 50% utilized hospice care, and 49% had palliative medicine consultations. There was a significant difference in hospice utilization when comparison was made between patients who had 14 days or more from consultation until death versus patients who had 14 days or less or no consultation, 21 (72%) versus 29 (41%), P = 0.004. Patients who were single were less likely to have a palliative medicine consultation, P = 0.005. End-of-life care for patients with gynecologic malignancies often includes futile, aggressive treatments and invasive procedures. It is unknown whether these measures contribute to longevity or quality of life. These pilot data suggest that factors for implementation of timely hospice referral, family support, and legacy building should include specialists trained in palliative medicine.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 03/2013; 23(3):546-52. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Human papilloma virus (HPV) is implicated in >99% of cervical cancers and ∼40% of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We previously targeted E6 oncogene with (188)Rhenium-labelled monoclonal antibody (mAb) C1P5 to HPV16 E6 in cervical cancer and HNSCC. Intranuclear E6 can be accessed by mAbs in non-viable cells with leaky membranes. As radioimmunotherapy (RIT) efficacy depends on the availability of target protein-we hypothesised that pretreatment with cisplatin will kill some tumour cells and increase E6 availability for RIT.Methods:Mice with subcutaneous HPV16+ cervical (CasKi) and HNSCC (2A3) tumours were pretreated with 0-7.5 mg kg(-1) per day cisplatin for 3 days followed by (188)Re-C1P5 and biodistribution was performed 24 h later. For RIT, the animals were treated with: 5 mg kg(-1) per day cisplatin for 3 days; or 5 mg kg(-1) per day cisplatin for 3 days followed 200 or 400μCi (188)Re-C1P5 mAb; or 200 or 400μCi (188)Re-C1P5 mAb; or left untreated, and observed for tumour growth for 24 days.Results:Pretreatment with cisplatin increased the uptake of (188)Re-C1P5 in the tumours 2.5 to 3.5-fold and caused significant retardation in tumour growth for CasKi and 2A3 tumours in both RIT alone and cisplatin, and RIT groups in comparison with the untreated control and cisplatin alone groups (P<0.05). The combined treatment was more effective than either modality alone (P<0.05).Conclusion:Our study demonstrates that preceding RIT targeting E6 oncogene with chemotherapy is effective in suppressing tumour growth in mouse models of HPV16+ cancers.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 5 February 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.43
    British Journal of Cancer 02/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While the clinical benefit of MEK inhibitor (MEKi)-based therapy is well established in Raf mutant malignancies, its utility as a suppressor of hyperactive MAPK signaling in the absence of mutated Raf or Ras, is an area of ongoing research. MAPK activation is associated with loss of ERα expression and hormonal resistance in numerous malignancies. Herein, we demonstrate that MEKi induces a feedback response that results in ERα overexpression, phosphorylation and transcriptional activation of ER-regulated genes. Mechanistically, MEKi-mediated ERα overexpression is largely independent of erbB2 and AKT feedback activation, but is ERK-dependent. We subsequently exploit this phenomenon therapeutically by combining the ER-antagonist, fulvestrant with MEKi. This results in synergistic suppression of tumor growth, in vitro and potentiation of single agent activity in vivo in nude mice bearing xenografts. Thus, we demonstrate that exploiting adaptive feedback after MEKi can be used to sensitize ERα-positive tumors to hormonal therapy, and propose that this strategy may have broader clinical utility in ERα-positive ovarian carcinoma.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(2):e54103. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The utility of cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) levels as an adjunct method of monitoring patients with uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) or endometrial serous carcinoma after surgery and adjuvant treatment has been reported. Our goal was to determine the significance of rising CA-125 levels within the normal range in these patients in the posttreatment surveillance setting. All patients with UPSC who underwent surgical staging and had preoperative CA-125 measurement from 1999 to 2008 were included in this analysis. Information was extracted from records to assess the changes in CA-125 values with clinical and/or radiographic detection of recurrence. Of the 56 evaluable patients, 23 (41%) recurred. Of the 23 patients that recurred, 11 had serial CA-125 levels measured in remission. Elevated CA-125 levels at diagnosis were significantly associated with disease recurrence and advanced stage (P = .01, P = .001, respectively). The rise in CA-125 by 10 U/mL in the normal range and ≥15 U/mL were associated with disease recurrence (P < .001, P < .001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, only CA-125 level ≥15 U/mL was significantly associated with worse progression-free survival. In this small cohort of patients with recurrent UPSC after remission, surveillance of CA-125 levels may have a role in disease surveillance and management.
    Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) 09/2012; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The incidence for uterine cancers has been reported to be higher among white women, whereas mortality is higher among black women. Reasons for the higher mortality among black women are not completely understood. The aim of our study is to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity, histopathologic subtype, and survival in uterine cancer. METHODS: We abstracted socio-demographic, treatment, and survival data for all women who were diagnosed with uterine cancer at Montefiore Medical Center from January 1999 through December 2009. Pathology records were reviewed. RESULTS: 984 patients were identified. Racial/ethnic distribution was 382 (39%) white, 308 (31%) black, 232 (24%) Hispanic, and 62 (6.3%) other races, mixed, or unknown. 592 (60%) patients had endometrioid histology. Blacks were much more likely than whites to have non-endometrioid histologies (p<0.001), including papillary serous, carcinosarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma. Blacks and Hispanics were at least as likely as whites to receive either chemotherapy or radiation therapy. The hazard ratio for death for black versus white patients was 1.94 (p<0.001) when all histological subtypes were included. The hazard ratio for Hispanics for death was 1.2 (p=0.32) compared to whites. However, when patients were divided into endometrioid and non-endometrioid histological subtypes, there was no significant difference in survival by race/ethnicity. CONCLUSION: Black patients with uterine cancer are much more likely to die and are much more likely to have non-endometrioid histologies than white patients. There are no differences in survival among white, black, or Hispanic women with uterine cancer, after control for histological subtype.
    Gynecologic Oncology 08/2012; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and survival in women treated with adjuvant pelvic radiation "sandwiched" between six cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy with completely resected UPSC. Surgically staged women with UPSC (FIGO stage 1-4) and no visible residual disease were enrolled. Treatment involved paclitaxel (175 mg/m(2)) and carboplatin (AUC=6.0-7.5) every 21 days for 3 doses, followed by radiation therapy (RT), followed by an additional 3 cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin (AUC=5-6). Survival analysis, using Kaplan-Meier methods, was performed on patients who completed at least 3 cycles of chemotherapy and RT. A total of 81 patients were enrolled, of which 72 patients completed the first 3 cycles of chemotherapy followed by prescribed RT. Median age was 67 years (range: 43-82 years). 59/72 (82%) had disease confined to the uterus and 13/72 (18%) had completely resected extra-uterine disease (stage 3 and 4). 65 (83%) completed the protocol. Overall PFS and OS for combined stage 1 and 2 patients was 65.5 ± 3.6 months and 76.5 ± 4.3 months, respectively. PFS and OS for combined stage 3 and 4 patients was 25.8 ± 3.0 and 35.9 ± 5.3 months, respectively. Three-year % survival probability for stage 1 and 2 patients was 84% and for stage 3 and 4 patients was 50%. Of the 435 chemotherapy cycles administered, there were 11(2.5%) G3/G4 non-hematologic toxicities. 26(6.0%) cycles had dose reductions and 37(8.5%) had dose delays. Compared to prior studies of single modality adjuvant therapy, RT "sandwiched" between paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy is well-tolerated and highly efficacious in women with completely resected UPSC.
    Gynecologic Oncology 01/2012; 124(1):21-5. · 3.93 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
640.47 Total Impact Points


  • 1990–2014
    • Albert Einstein College of Medicine
      • • Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology & Women's Health
      • • Nuclear Medicine
      • • Albert Einstein Cancer Center
      • • Department of Radiology
      • • Department of Medicine
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2001–2013
    • Montefiore Medical Center
      • • Albert Einstein College of Medicine
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Women's Health)
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 1992–2013
    • Albert Einstein Medical Center
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2011
    • Danbury Hospital
      Danbury, Connecticut, United States
  • 2006
    • Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran
  • 2003–2006
    • Cornell University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Ithaca, NY, United States
  • 2003–2005
    • Weill Cornell Medical College
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2002
    • Magee-Womens Hospital
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1996
    • Columbia University
      • Department of Medicine
      New York City, NY, United States