Takanobu Takata

Kanazawa Medical University, Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken, Japan

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Publications (16)31.65 Total impact

  • The Journal of urology 11/2013; 190(5):1957. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Receptor-associated late transducer (RALT) acts as a negative feedback inhibitor of ErbB receptor signaling via physical interaction with ErbB. Although RALT contains a 14-3-3 binding motif (247-RSHSGP-252), little is known about the molecular basis and significance of binding to 14-3-3. Here, we report that 14-3-3 interacts with RALT in H9c2 and COS-7 cells in a Ser-250 phosphorylation-dependent manner. An in vitro kinase assay showed that RALT is a substrate for checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1). Interaction between ectopically expressed RALT and endogenous 14-3-3 was partially suppressed by pretreatment with the Chk1 inhibitor, UCN-01. In addition, expression of constitutively active Chk1 (Chk1(1-365) ) resulted in increased phosphorylation of the RALT 14-3-3 binding motif and enhanced the interaction between RALT and 14-3-3θ. Furthermore, fluorescence microscopy revealed that rapid trafficking of RALT to endosome-like vesicle structures was decelerated by coexpression of Chk1(1-365) , whereas this coexpression had no significant impact on trafficking of the RALT S250A mutant. Finally, a cycloheximide chase assay indicated that coexpression of Chk1(1-365) decelerated the degradation of ectopically expressed RALT, but not that of the S250A mutant. Collectively, these results suggest that Chk1 plays a role in regulating RALT protein stability by facilitating the interaction between 14-3-3 and RALT.
    Genes to Cells 02/2013; · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stress proteins of the pancreas, such as tumor protein 53-induced nuclear protein 1 (TP53INP1), are important factors in the invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer. TP53INP1 is a pro-apoptotic factor and is transcriptionally regulated in p53-dependent and -independent manners. A previous study proved that gemcitabine induces TP53INP1 expression in pancreatic cancer cells and the pancreatic cancer cell line (PANC-1). The present study aimed to clarify the association between TP53INP1 and gemcitabine sensitivity. The expression of TP53INP1 and its related factors, such as cell growth and cell cycle status in TP53INP1-knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts [TP53INP1(-/-)-mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs)] to those in wild-type counterparts (TP53INP1(+/+)-MEFs) were compared. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated no difference of the checkpoint function in TP53INP1(-/-)-MEFs and TP53INP1(+/+)-MEFs when exposed to 10 ng/ml of gemcitabine. No significant difference was found in the level of p53 expression in the cell types, although the base level and gemcitabine-induced expression of p21 were significantly decreased in TP53INP1(-/-)-MEFs, compared to those in wild-type counterparts. Results showed that gemcitabine induced the p21 expression in TP53INP1(+/+)-MEFs, although not in TP53INP1(-/-)-MEFs. However, their respective cell-cycle checkpoints were not different. Therefore, TP53INP1 was found to be associated with drug sensitivity through control of the cell cycle.
    Molecular and clinical oncology. 01/2013; 1(1):100-104.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Molecular targeted drugs including mTORC1 inhibitors have been clinically popularized in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treatment, but metastasis is still a serious concern. The mTORC2 is recognized to have several important functions including the activation of HIF-2α in malignant cells. HIF-2α is known to suppress E-cadherin expression, which is associated with tumor invasion and metastasis. We investigate whether mTORC2 regulates expression of E-cadherin and controls cell motility under down-regulation of HIF-2α in RCC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PP242, which is a dual inhibitor of mTORC1/mTORC2, and the mTORC1-specific inhibitor rapamycin, were used. E-cadherin expression in 786-O cells was examined using real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunocytochemical staining. Cell motility was analyzed with time-lapse microscopy and wound healing assay. RESULTS: High levels of E-cadherin expression were found in RCC4/VHL cells, whereas very low levels were found in both VHL-defective RCC4 and 786-O cells. HIF-2α expression is suppressed only in RCC4/VHL. In 786-O cells, HIF-2α inhibition induced by dual mTORC1/C2 inhibitor PP242 (0.05-0.5 μmol/L) resulted in a dose-dependent increase in E-cadherin expression and the restored E-cadherin was localized at cell to cell junctions. The mTORC1 inhibitor rapamycin treatment resulted in no significant change. Furthermore, the cell migration of PP242 treated cells was significantly suppressed compared with rapamycin. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that mTORC2 might regulate expressions of E-cadherin and suppress cell motility by the control of mTORC2-HIF-2α signaling pathway. Dual inhibitor of mTORC1/C2 would become a cadherin regulatory agent as novel therapeutic strategy with tumoricidal agents in advanced RCC.
    The Journal of urology 11/2012; · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers, with an incidence equaling mortality. It is a heterogeneous group of neoplasms in which pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is most common. Pancreatic cancer cannot be cured even if detected early. When treatment is initiated, a suitable method of administration of anticancer drugs must be chosen. Anticancer drugs kill tumor cells. However, side effects including initiation are problematic in anticancer drug therapy. Improved methods for the diagnosis of side effects of pancreatic cancer by using sensitive and specific tumor markers are highly desirable. Therefore, efficient strategies for biomarker discovery are urgently needed. Here, we present an approach based on direct experimental access to proteins released by PANC-1 human pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. A two-dimensional (2-D) map and catalog of this subproteome, herein termed the secretome, were established comprising more than 1,000 proteins observed by '2-D difference in-gel electrophoresis analysis using cyanine dye'. We investigated 22 spots that were 1.20-fold upregulated and 31 spots that were 0.66-fold downregulated by gemcitabine chloride treatment. Proteins in these spots were identified by nano-high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization time of flight mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry. Most secretome constituents were nominally cellular proteins. By mass spectrometry screening, 14-3-3 protein sigma (14-3-3 σ), protein S100-A8, protein S100-A9, galectin-7, lactotransferrin (lactoferrin, LF) precursor, serotransferrin (transferrin) precursor, and vitamin D binding protein precursor were identified. Western blotting confirmed the presence of 14-3-3 σ and LF. We found that upregulation of 14-3-3 σ was associated with apoptosis, and downregulation of LF was found to suppress tumorigenesis.
    Oncology Reports 09/2012; 28(6):1968-76. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is obstinate and resistant to gemcitabine, a standard chemotherapeutic agent for the disease. We previously showed a therapeutic effect of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) inhibition against gastrointestinal cancer and glioblastoma. Here, we investigated the effect of GSK3β inhibition on pancreatic cancer cell sensitivity to gemcitabine and the underlying molecular mechanism. Expression, phosphorylation, and activity of GSK3β in pancreatic cancer cells (PANC-1) were examined by Western immunoblotting and in vitro kinase assay. The combined effect of gemcitabine and a GSK3β inhibitor (AR-A014418) against PANC-1 cells was examined by isobologram and PANC-1 xenografts in mice. Changes in gene expression in PANC-1 cells following GSK3β inhibition were studied by cDNA microarray and reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. PANC-1 cells showed increased GSK3β expression, phosphorylation at tyrosine 216 (active form), and activity compared with non-neoplastic HEK293 cells. Administration of AR-A014418 at pharmacological doses attenuated proliferation of PANC-1 cells and xenografts, and significantly sensitized them to gemcitabine. Isobologram analysis determined that the combined effect was synergistic. DNA microarray analysis detected GSK3β inhibition-associated changes in gene expression in gemcitabine-treated PANC-1 cells. Among these changes, RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that expression of tumor protein 53-induced nuclear protein 1, a gene regulating cell death and DNA repair, was increased by gemcitabine treatment and substantially decreased by GSK3β inhibition. The results indicate that GSK3β inhibition sensitizes pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine with altered expression of genes involved in DNA repair. This study provides insight into the molecular mechanism of gemcitabine resistance and thus a new strategy for pancreatic cancer chemotherapy.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2011; 47(3):321-33. · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological and experimental studies have revealed that exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) light can induce cataractogenesis. The objective of this study was to determine gene expression changes in human lens epithelial cells in response to UVB exposure and identify factors that can be involved in UVB-induced cataractogenesis. SV40 T-antigen-transformed human lens epithelial cells (SRA01/04) were irradiated at various UVB-energy levels (10-80 mJ/cm²) and checked for viability. An irradiation condition of 30 mJ/cm² was adopted for transcriptome analysis. Total RNAs isolated from UVB-exposed and unexposed cells at 12 h and 24 h after UVB exposure were examined for global gene expression changes using Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST array. mRNA levels of specific genes were examined by RT-PCR and real-time PCR, and protein levels in the conditioned media were assayed by ELISA. To examine mRNA expression in human lens, primary cultured human lens epithelial (HLE) cells were prepared from surgically removed lens epithelium, and used for UVB-irradiation and expression analysis. Effects of certain gene products on SRA01/04 cell metabolism were examined using commercially available recombinant proteins. Expression of most the genes analyzed was essentially unchanged (between 0.5 and 2.0 fold) in UVB-irradiated cells compared to non-irradiated cells at both 12 and 24 h after UVB exposure. Sixty one and 44 genes were upregulated more than twofold by UVB exposure at 12 h and 24 h, respectively. Emphasis was placed on genes encoding extracellular proteins, especially growth factors and cytokines. A total of 18 secreted protein genes were upregulated more than twofold at either or both time points. Amphiregulin (AREG) and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) were chosen because of their higher upregulation and novelty, and their upregulation was confirmed in SRA01/04 cells using RT-PCR and real-time PCR analysis. AREG and GDF15 protein levels in conditioned media significantly increased at all UVB-energy points at 24 h, while they were scarcely detectable at 12 h. AREG and GDF15 mRNA levels were also significantly upregulated in UVB-irradiated primary cultured HLE cells compared with the corresponding control culture. AREG significantly stimulated ³H-thymidine and ³H-leucine uptake in SRA01/04 cells as did a positive control epidermal growth factor (EGF). Recombinant GDF15 did not stimulate ³H-thymidine incorporation at any concentration tested, but significantly stimulated ³H-leucine uptake. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that primary cultured HLE and SRA01/04 cells expressed not only epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mRNA but also transforming growth factor β receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2) mRNAs. These results indicate that AREG and GDF15 produced in response to UVB exposure can affect the growth and protein synthesis of lens epithelial cells, suggesting that they have autocrine and paracrine roles related to pathological changes of lens tissue during long-term UVB exposure.
    Molecular vision 01/2011; 17:159-69. · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Family with sequence similarity 107 (FAM107) possesses an N-terminal domain of unknown function (DUF1151) that is highly conserved beyond species. In human, FAM107A termed TU3A/DRR1 has been reported as a candidate tumor suppressor gene which expression is downregulated in several types of cancer, however no studies have investigated the other family protein, FAM107B. In the present study, we designated FAM107B as heat shock-inducible tumor small protein (HITS) and studied its expression and functional properties in cancer. HITS is an 18-kDa nuclear protein expressed in a variety of tissues including stomach, colon, lung and lymphoid organs. In human gastric and colorectal cancers and a mouse model of colon cancer, its expression in tumor cells was much lower than normal epithelial cells, while expression pattern and intensity varied among different histological types of cancer. In functional analysis in vitro, forced expression of this protein suppresses the cellular responses to growth factors. Furthermore, HITS gene carries the promoter region providing heat shock transcription factor (HSF) binding sites and amplifying the transcription of HITS by heat shock or hyperthermia treatment both in vitro and in vivo. Thus HITS would be a potential tumor suppressor gene similar to TU3A containing heat responding elements, which contrasts with previously described oncogenic activities of other heat shock proteins such as HSP70 and HSP90.
    International Journal of Oncology 09/2010; 37(3):583-93. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pleurocybella porrigens (P. porrigens )i s a traditional food consumed in Japan. Toxicity was first reported in 2004, following which a series of poisonings were reported in 2007. More than 59 people who consumed P. porrigens suffered from similar severe cryptogenic encephalitis, with an overall death rate of approximately 29%. P. porrigens is believed to be a major etiological agent of this disease, but the mechanism of pathogenesis is not clear. To elucidate the toxic properties of P. porrigens in the 2004 and 2007 poisonings, we compared the oligosaccharide constituents of mushroom samples collected in these years with those collected in other years. Water extracts (90◦C and 4◦C) of P. porrigens were dialyzed, and the oligosaccharides obtained from the high-molecular-weight fraction (> 7.8 kDa) were subjected to acid hydrolysis for modification and labeling. Resultant saccharides were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography on an octadecyl silane (ODS) column. Our analysis revealed that the concentration of N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) was abundant in all samples, however, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc) was present only in significant amounts in the P. porrigens samples collected in 2004 and 2007.
    Journal of Health Science - J HEALTH SCI. 01/2009; 55(3):373-379.
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    ABSTRACT: Three Kampo medicines, Boiogito (BOT), Bofutsushosan (BTS) and Orengedokuto (OGT), used for obese patients were investigated for their effects on adipogenesis in cultured rat white adipocytes. Administration of the three extracts suppressed adipogenesis in concentration-dependent manners (1-100 microg/ml) without any cytotoxicity. Changes in mRNA expression levels were analyzed using a Rat 230 2.0 Affymetrix GeneChip microarray system. DNA microarray analysis (total probe set: 31099) using cDNAs prepared from adipocytes revealed that BOT, BTS and OGT increased the expression of 133-150 genes and decreased the expression of 42-110 genes by > or =2-fold. We identified 329 downregulated genes and 189 upregulated genes among a total set of 514 probes (overlap: 4). Overall, genes related to cellular movement, cell death, cell growth/differentiation and immune responses were the most downregulated, while those related to lipid metabolism and cell signaling were the most upregulated. Semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays were conducted to confirm the microarray results. Analysis of the clustering profiles of the microarray results revealed that BOT and BTS changed the expression levels of similar genes mainly involved in small molecule biochemistry and cell differentiation, while OGT altered 10 genes related to lipid metabolism, in contrast to the effects of BOT and BTS. We also measured mRNA expression levels of seven selected genes highly contributing to the lipid metabolism by using semiquantitative RT-PCR assay, that were acetyl-Coenzyme A carboxylase alpha (ACACA), AE binding protein 1 (AEBP1), patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 8 (PNPLA8), secretoglobin (SCGB1A1), adrenergic (ADRB3), adiponectin (ADIPOQ), monoglyceride lipase (MGLL). Beta-actin (ACTB) gene was used as an endogenous internal standard. The present findings indicate that these three herbal extracts have the potential to prevent adipogenesis in rat white adipocytes through different mechanisms via modulation of gene expression levels.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 11/2008; 31(11):2083-9. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a liquid culture filtrates of the entomogenous fungus Paecilomyces tenuipes (PTCF) and its main active glycoprotein-enriched (PGF) fraction against hematotoxicity in mice treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Oral administration of PTCF (100 mg/kg/d) for 7 consecutive days after 5-FU injection significantly suppressed reductions in the red and white blood cell counts in peripheral blood, and accelerated their recoveries. From PTCF, glycoprotein-enriched fraction (PGF, >90% protein, approximately 15 kDa determined by SDS-PAGE) was separated as active ingredient that ameliorates 5-FU-induced anemia. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric analysis of trypsinized-PGF showed 11 fragment ion peaks. Effective recoveries of erythrocytopenia and leukocytopenia were observed when PGF was co-administered with murine recombinant erythropoietin (mrEPO; 5 U/mouse). Oral administration of PGF also inhibited 5-FU-induced decreases in peripheral reticulocyte and bone marrow cell counts on day 12, and markedly hastened their recoveries on day 20, in dose-dependent manners. Reductions in erythroid progenitor colonies, such as colony-forming units (CFU)-erythroid and burst-forming units-erythroid mix, formed by bone marrow cells from 5-FU-treated mice were markedly improved by oral administration of PGF with subcutaneous mrEPO. Oral administration of PGF also increased the myeloid lineage progenitor, CFU-granulocyte-macrophages, in cultured bone marrow cells. These findings suggest that PGF isolated from P. tenuipes has the potential to protect against 5-FU-inudced erythrocytopenia and leukopenia, especially in combination with mrEPO, and also has hematopoietic activity, through stimulation of immature erythroid as well as myeloid progenitor cell differentiation.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 08/2008; 31(8):1565-73. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two monoterpene glycosides, conjugated with gallic acid [globulusin A (1) and B (2)], together with four known compounds, cypellocarpin A (3), eucaglobulin (4), cuniloside (5) and (1S, 2S, 4R)-trans-2-hydroxy-1,8-cineole beta-d-glucopyranoside (6), were isolated from hot-water extracts of the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus. The structures of compounds 1 and 2 were determined by 1D, 2D NMR and MS spectroscopic analyses. The absolute stereochemistry of 1 was determined by correlating the spectroscopic data with those of synthetic compound 6 with a known configuration. Globulusin A (1) and B (2), cypellocarpin A (3) and eucaglobulin (4), scavenged DPPH free radicals and globulusin A (1) showed a higher antioxidant activity than the other tested compounds, with an IC50 of 3.8microM. Globulusin A (1) and eucaglobulin (4) concentration-dependently suppressed inflammatory cytokine production, tumor-necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1beta in cultured human myeloma THP-1 cells co-stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate. These compounds also inhibited melanogenesis in cultured murine melanoma B16F1 cells, without any significant cytotoxicity. These results suggested that globulusin A (1) and eucaglobulin (4), which were isolated as antioxidants from E. globulus, also had anti-inflammatory as well as anti-melanogenesis activity.
    Phytochemistry 03/2008; 69(3):747-53. · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin - BIOL PHARM BULL. 01/2008; 31(8):1565-1573.
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    ABSTRACT: The new conjugated ketonic fatty acid, porrigenic acid (1), was isolated as a cytotoxic constituent of Pleurocybella porrigens. The structure of 1 was elucidated using spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR and MS. The absolute stereochemistry of 1 was determined by application of the exciton chirality method. Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxic activity against myeloma THP-1 cells, but did not show any significant toxicity against B16F1 melanoma. This is the first report of the isolation and structural elucidation of the new cytotoxic constituent porrigenic acid (1) from the edible mushroom P. porrigens.
    CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN 01/2008; 55(12):1748-9. · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • ChemInform 01/2008; 39(20).
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the effects of an aqueous extract of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed skin (PSE) and its main constituent procyanidin A1 (PA) on the allergic response to allergen ovalbumin (OVA) in a mouse model. Mice immunized interaperitoneally with OVA dramatically increased anti-OVA IgE and total IgG1 levels in serum compared with non-treated control mice. Oral injection of PSE at doses ranging from 10 to 100 mg/kg/d (for 21 consecutive days) decreased anti-OVA IgE and IgG1 levels 21 d after OVA-immunization. OVA-induced increments in spleen weight and peripheral white blood cell count were also suppressed by this PSE administration. Polyphenol-enriched fractions from apple (30 mg/kg) and grape seed (30 mg/kg) also decreased anti-OVA IgE level but did not affect total IgG1 levels. Oral injection of PA (1 to 10 mg/kg/d) purified from PSE resulted in a suppression of IgE and total IgG1 levels in serum. An increment of serum interleukin-4 level in mice that were immunized with OVA was reduced by all tested samples, whereas PSE and PA were the only compounds that could reverse the reduced interferon-gamma level by OVA. These findings suggest that intake of PSE or its main active constituent PA may prevent an allergic reaction by inhibiting immunoglobulin synthesis, and the mechanism of this action of PSE and PA is in part due to their regulation of T helper cytokine production.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 06/2007; 30(5):922-7. · 1.85 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

59 Citations
59 Downloads
931 Views
31.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2012
    • Kanazawa Medical University
      • • Medical Research Institute
      • • Department of Medical Oncology
      Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken, Japan
  • 2007–2008
    • Kanazawa University
      • Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology
      Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken, Japan